Search results for 'Brian Fisher' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  3
    Anthony Fisher (2015). Building a Civilisation of Life and Love. Australasian Catholic Record, The 92 (3):289.
    Fisher, Anthony Thank you to Lyle Shelton, Tony McLellan, and the Australian Christian Lobby for the invitation to address you tonight. Thanks also to Fr Brian Lucas, General Secretary of the Australian Catholic Bishops Conference, for his kind introduction. Let me take this opportunity to applaud the work of the ACL, its volunteers and friends, for ensuring Christian voices are heard in debates of political and cultural significance. As a Catholic bishop I am very grateful for your capacity (...)
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  2. Ronald Aylmer Fisher & J. H. Bennett (1990). Statistical Inference and Analysis Selected Correspondence of R.A. Fisher. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  3.  74
    Brian Fisher, Tera Marie Green & Richard Arias-Hernández (2011). Visual Analytics as a Translational Cognitive Science. Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (3):609-625.
    Visual analytics is a new interdisciplinary field of study that calls for a more structured scientific approach to understanding the effects of interaction with complex graphical displays on human cognitive processes. Its primary goal is to support the design and evaluation of graphical information systems that better support cognitive processes in areas as diverse as scientific research and emergency management. The methodologies that make up this new field are as yet ill defined. This paper proposes a pathway for development of (...)
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  4.  2
    Celia B. Fisher & Brian Mustanski (2014). Reducing Health Disparities and Enhancing the Responsible Conduct of Research Involving LGBT Youth. Hastings Center Report 44 (s4):S28-S31.
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  5.  1
    William J. Courtenay, F. Edward Cranz, Franz Rosenthal, Robert L. Benson, Berthe Marti, T. N. Bisson, Larry D. Benson, George Kane, Fred C. Robinson, Leonard Boyle, Brian Tierney, Stephan Kuttner, Robert Hanning, John Pope, Samuel Thorne, John W. Baldwin, Theodore M. Andersson, Archibald R. Lewis, Jaroslav Pelikan, David Herlihy, John Leyerle, John H. Fisher, Ruth J. Dean, William J. Roach, Siegfried Wenzel, Archibald L. Lewis, Bryce Lyon, G. P. Cuttino, John F. Benton, Marshall Clagett, Richard H. Rouse & Edward Grant (1988). Memoirs of Fellows and Corresponding Fellows of the Medieval Academy of America. Speculum 63 (3):755-771.
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  6.  14
    Michael H. Fisher, Gregory C. Kozlowski, Kurtis R. Schaeffer, Francis X. Clooney, Carl Olson, Martha Ann Selby, Thomas Forsthoefel, Lise F. Vail, Rebecca J. Manring, Narasingha P. Sil, Brian K. Pennington, Ashley James Dawson, Sarah Hodges & Thomas Forsthoefel (2002). Book Reviews and Notices. [REVIEW] International Journal of Hindu Studies 6 (2):199-220.
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  7. John Andrew Fisher (1996). The Myth of Anthropomorphism John Andrew Fisher. In Colin Allen & D. Jamison (eds.), Readings in Animal Cognition. MIT Press
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  8. Alden L. Fisher & George B. Murray (1969). Philosophy and Science as Modes of Knowing Selected Essays. Edited by Alden L. Fisher Ànd George B. Murray.
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  9. Edward Hulmes (2014). Just War on Terror? A Christian and Muslim Response. Edited by David Fisher and Brian Wicker . Pp. 231, Farnham, Ashgate, 2010, $12.53. Rewarding Encounters: Islam and the Comparative Theologies of Kenneth Cragg and Wilfred Cantwell Smith. By Bård Mæland. Pp. 387, Melisende/London, 2003, $5.95. [REVIEW] Heythrop Journal 55 (3):523-524.
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  10. Bruce Kent (2011). Just War on Terror? A Christian and Muslim Response Edited by David Fisher and Brian Wicker. New Blackfriars 92 (1042):738-740.
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  11.  45
    Robert A. Skipper (2002). The Persistence of the R.A. Fisher-Sewall Wright Controversy. Biology and Philosophy 17 (3):341-367.
    This paper considers recent heated debates led by Jerry A. Coyne andMichael J. Wade on issues stemming from the 1929–1962 R.A. Fisher-Sewall Wrightcontroversy in population genetics. William B. Provine once remarked that theFisher-Wright controversy is central, fundamental, and very influential.Indeed,it is also persistent. The argumentative structure of therecent (1997–2000) debates is analyzed with the aim of eliminating a logicalconflict in them, viz., that the two sides in the debates havedifferent aims and that, as such, they are talking past each (...)
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  12.  36
    James Tabery (2008). R. A. Fisher, Lancelot Hogben, and the Origin(s) of Genotype-Environment Interaction. Journal of the History of Biology 41 (4):717 - 761.
    This essay examines the origin(s) of genotype-environment interaction, or G×E. "Origin(s)" and not "the origin" because the thesis is that there were actually two distinct concepts of G×E at this beginning: a biometric concept, or \[G \times E_B\] , and a developmental concept, or \[G \times E_D \] . R. A. Fisher, one of the founders of population genetics and the creator of the statistical analysis of variance, introduced the biometric concept as he attempted to resolve one of the (...)
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  13.  30
    Hayley Clatterbuck (2015). Drift Beyond Wright–Fisher. Synthese 192 (11):3487-3507.
    Several recent arguments by philosophers of biology have challenged the traditional view that evolutionary factors, such as drift and selection, are genuine causes of evolutionary outcomes. In the case of drift, advocates of the statistical theory argue that drift is merely the sampling error inherent in the other stochastic processes of evolution and thus denotes a mathematical, rather than causal, feature of populations. This debate has largely centered around one particular model of drift, the Wright–Fisher model, and this has (...)
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  14.  30
    Anya Plutynski (2006). What Was Fisher's Fundamental Theorem of Natural Selection and What Was It For? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 37 (1):59-82.
    Fisher’s ‘fundamental theorem of natural selection’ is notoriously abstract, and, no less notoriously, many take it to be false. In this paper, I explicate the theorem, examine the role that it played in Fisher’s general project for biology, and analyze why it was so very fundamental for Fisher. I defend Ewens (1989) and Lessard (1997) in the view that the theorem is in fact a true theorem if, as Fisher claimed, ‘the terms employed’ are ‘used strictly (...)
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  15.  95
    Gary Bartlett (2014). Internalism and the Snapshot Conception of Phenomenal Experience: A Reply to Fisher. Philosophical Psychology 27 (5):652-664.
    Justin Fisher (2007) has presented a novel argument designed to prove that all forms of mental internalism are false. I aim to show that the argument fails with regard to internalism about phenomenal experiences. The argument tacitly assumes a certain view about the ontology of phenomenal experience, which (inspired by Alva Noe) I call the “snapshot conception of phenomenal experience.” After clarifying what the snapshot conception involves, I present Fisher with a dilemma. If he rejects the snapshot conception, (...)
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  16.  99
    Shunlong Luo (2002). Maximum Shannon Entropy, Minimum Fisher Information, and an Elementary Game. Foundations of Physics 32 (11):1757-1772.
    We formulate an elementary statistical game which captures the essence of some fundamental quantum experiments such as photon polarization and spin measurement. We explore and compare the significance of the principle of maximum Shannon entropy and the principle of minimum Fisher information in solving such a game. The solution based on the principle of minimum Fisher information coincides with the solution based on an invariance principle, and provides an informational explanation of Malus' law for photon polarization. There is (...)
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  17.  11
    Paul Brazier (2014). C. S. Lewis: The Question of Multiple Incarnations. Heythrop Journal 55 (3):391-408.
    Formulated by Aquinas, commented on by post-Copernican philosophers and theologians, analysed in depth by C.S. Lewis, and deliberated by some contemporary writers, the question of multiple incarnations either within humanity or amongst extra-terrestrial sentient species is all too intermittently examined: ‘Can the Christ be incarnated more than once in our reality, or somewhere else in the universe, or another reality?’ In this paper, we examine the debate and the conclusions: that is, Lewis’s position within his philosophical theology and his analogical (...)
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  18.  16
    Timothy Pawl (2016). Brian Hebblethwaite's Arguments Against Multiple Incarnations. Religious Studies 52 (1):117-130.
    In this article I present two arguments from Brian Hebblethwaite for the conclusion that multiple incarnations are impossible, as well as the analyses of those arguments provided by three other thinkers: Oliver Crisp, Peter Kevern, and Robin Le Poidevin. I argue that both of Hebblethwaite's arguments are unsound.
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  19.  14
    Xavier De Donato-Rodríguez & Alfonso Arroyo-Santos (2012). The Structure of Idealization in Biological Theories: The Case of the Wright-Fisher Model. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 43 (1):11-27.
    In this paper we present a new framework of idealization in biology. We characterize idealizations as a network of counterfactual and hypothetical conditionals that can exhibit different “degrees of contingency”. We use this idea to say that, in departing more or less from the actual world, idealizations can serve numerous epistemic, methodological or heuristic purposes within scientific research. We defend that, in part, this structure explains why idealizations, despite being deformations of reality, are so successful in scientific practice. For illustrative (...)
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  20.  10
    Nancy S. Hall (2007). R. A. Fisher and His Advocacy of Randomization. Journal of the History of Biology 40 (2):295 - 325.
    The requirement of randomization in experimental design was first stated by R. A. Fisher, statistician and geneticist, in 1925 in his book Statistical Methods for Research Workers. Earlier designs were systematic and involved the judgment of the experimenter; this led to possible bias and inaccurate interpretation of the data. Fisher's dictum was that randomization eliminates bias and permits a valid test of significance. Randomization in experimenting had been used by Charles Sanders Peirce in 1885 but the practice was (...)
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  21.  25
    Xavier Donato Rodríguez & Alfonso Arroyo Santos (2012). The Structure of Idealization in Biological Theories: The Case of the Wright-Fisher Model. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 43 (1):11-27.
    In this paper we present a new framework of idealization in biology. We characterize idealizations as a network of counterfactual and hypothetical conditionals that can exhibit different “degrees of contingency”. We use this idea to say that, in departing more or less from the actual world, idealizations can serve numerous epistemic, methodological or heuristic purposes within scientific research. We defend that, in part, this structure explains why idealizations, despite being deformations of reality, are so successful in scientific practice. For illustrative (...)
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  22.  10
    Xavier de Donato Rodríguez & Alfonso Arroyo Santos (2012). The Structure of Idealization in Biological Theories: The Case of the Wright-Fisher Model. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 43 (1):11 - 27.
    In this paper we present a new framework of idealization in biology. We characterize idealizations as a network of counterfactual and hypothetical conditionals that can exhibit different "degrees of contingency". We use this idea to say that, in departing more or less from the actual world, idealizations can serve numerous epistemic, methodological or heuristic purposes within scientific research. We defend that, in part, this structure explains why idealizations, despite being deformations of reality, are so successful in scientific practice. For illustrative (...)
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  23.  7
    George Bowles (1993). Professor Fisher on Suppositions. Argumentation 7 (3):237-246.
    I first support Alec Fisher's thesis that premises and conclusions in arguments can be unasserted first by arguing in its favor that only it preserves our intuition that it is at least possible that two arguments share the same premises and the same conclusion although not everything that is asserted in the one is also asserted in the other and second by answering two objections that might be raised against it. I then draw from Professor Fisher's thesis the (...)
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  24.  2
    Eyal Heifetz & Eliahu Cohen (2015). Toward a Thermo-Hydrodynamic Like Description of Schrödinger Equation Via the Madelung Formulation and Fisher Information. Foundations of Physics 45 (11):1514-1525.
    We revisit the analogy suggested by Madelung between a non-relativistic time-dependent quantum particle, to a fluid system which is pseudo-barotropic, irrotational and inviscid. We first discuss the hydrodynamical properties of the Madelung description in general, and extract a pressure like term from the Bohm potential. We show that the existence of a pressure gradient force in the fluid description, does not violate Ehrenfest’s theorem since its expectation value is zero. We also point out that incompressibility of the fluid implies conservation (...)
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  25.  2
    Joachim Schulte & Göran Sundholm (eds.) (1992). Criss-Crossing a Philosophical Landscape: Essays on Wittgensteinian Themes. Dedicated to Brian Mcguinness. Rodopi.
    Essays on Wittgensteinian Themes Dedicated to Brian McGuinness Joachim Schulte, Göran Sundholm. PREFACE For thirty-five years the international community of philosophers have known Brian McGuinness as a major authority on the ...
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  26. Plutynski Anya (2005). Parsimony and the Fisher–Wright Debate. Biology and Philosophy 20 (4):697-713.
    In the past five years, there have been a series of papers in the journal Evolution debating the relative significance of two theories of evolution, a neo-Fisherian and a neo-Wrightian theory, where the neo-Fisherians make explicit appeal to parsimony. My aim in this paper is to determine how we can make sense of such an appeal. One interpretation of parsimony takes it that a theory that contains fewer entities or processes, (however we demarcate these) is more parsimonious. On the account (...)
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  27. Teddy Seidenfeld (1979). Philosophical Problems of Statistical Inference Learning From R. A. Fisher. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  28. Richard Hall & François van Ortroy (1893). Vie du Bienheureux Martyr Jean Fisher, Cardinal, Évêque de Rochester, Texte Angl. [Of R. Hall] Et Tr. Lat. Du Xvie Siècle, Publ. Et Annotés Par Fr. Van Ortroy. [REVIEW]
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  29. Teddy Seidenfeld (1979). Philosophical Problems of Statistical Inference Learning From R. A. Fisher /Teddy Seidenfeld. --. --. D. Reidel Pub. Co., C1979.
     
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  30.  35
    Margaret Morrison (2002). Modelling Populations: Pearson and Fisher on Mendelism and Biometry. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53 (1):39-68.
    The debate between the Mendelians and the (largely Darwinian) biometricians has been referred to by R. A. Fisher as ‘one of the most needless controversies in the history of science’ and by David Hull as ‘an explicable embarrassment’. The literature on this topic consists mainly of explaining why the controversy occurred and what factors prevented it from being resolved. Regrettably, little or no mention is made of the issues that figured in its resolution. This paper deals with the latter (...)
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  31.  30
    Samir Okasha (2008). Fisher's Fundamental Theorem of Natural Selection—a Philosophical Analysis. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (3):319-351.
    This paper provides a philosophical analysis of the ongoing controversy surrounding R.A. Fisher's famous ‘fundamental theorem’ of natural selection. The difference between the ‘traditional’ and ‘modern’ interpretations of the theorem is explained. I argue that proponents of the modern interpretation have captured Fisher's intended meaning correctly and shown that the theorem is mathematically correct, pace the traditional consensus. However, whether the theorem has any real biological significance remains an unresolved issue. I argue that the answer depends on whether (...)
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  32.  25
    Daniel Breslau (2003). Economics Invents the Economy: Mathematics, Statistics, and Models in the Work of Irving Fisher and Wesley Mitchell. [REVIEW] Theory and Society 32 (3):379-411.
    The “embeddedness” of economic life in social relations has become a productive analytical principle and the basis of a penetrating critique of economic orthodoxy. But this critique raises another important, social and historical question, of how the economy became “disembedded” in the first place – how the multitude of transactions designated (somewhat arbitrarily) as economic were abstracted from the rest of social life and reconstituted as an object, the economy, which behaves according to its own logic. This article investigates the (...)
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  33.  46
    Margaret Morrison (2006). Unification, Explanation and Explaining Unity: The Fisher–Wright Controversy. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (1):233-245.
    I argued that the frameworks and mechanisms that produce unification do not enable us to explain why the unified phenomena behave as they do. That is, we need to look beyond the unifying process for an explanation of these phenomena. Anya Plutynski ([2005]) has called into question my claim about the relationship between unification and explanation as well as my characterization of it in the context of the early synthesis of Mendelism with Darwinian natural selection. In this paper I argue (...)
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  34.  6
    Brian Leftow (2010). Two Trinities: Reply to Hasker: Brian Leftow. Religious Studies 46 (4):441-447.
    William Hasker replies to my arguments against Social Trinitarianism, offers some criticism of my own view, and begins a sketch of another account of the Trinity. I reply with some defence of my own theory and some questions about his.
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  35.  19
    Thomas D. Carroll (2015). Response to Brian R. Clack. Sophia 54 (3):381-383.
    In this short piece, I respond to Brian R. Clack's review of my book, Wittgenstein within the Philosophy of Religion.
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  36. Keith M. Dowding, Robert E. Goodin, Carole Pateman & Brian Barry (eds.) (2004). Justice and Democracy: Essays for Brian Barry. Cambridge University Press.
    While much has been written about social justice, even more has been written about democracy. Rarely is the relationship between social justice and democracy carefully considered. Does justice require democracy? Will democracy bring justice? This volume brings together leading authors who consider the relationship of democracy and justice. The intrinsic justness of democracy is challenged and the relationship between justice, democracy and the common good examined.
     
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  37.  12
    John Ramsey (2016). The Philosophical Challenge From China, Edited by Bruya, Brian. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 94 (4):820-823.
    Reviews Brian Bruya's edited collection _The Philosophical Challenge from China".
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  38.  17
    Samir Okasha (2007). Cultural Inheritance and Fisher's “Fundamental Theorem” of Natural Selection. Biological Theory 2 (3):290-299.
    The idea that natural selection can operate on cultural as well as genetic variation is central to recent theories of cultural evolution. This raises an overarching question: how much of traditional evolutionary theory, which was formulated in population-genetic terms, can survive intact once the possibility of cultural inheritance is taken into account? This question is addressed in relation to R. A. Fisher’s “fundamental theorem” of natural selection. Though Fisher’s theorem may appear to be an essentially genetic result, a (...)
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  39.  5
    James K. Swindler (2016). Brian Epstein, The Ant Trap: Rebuilding the Foundations of the Social Sciences. Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 36 (3):103-108.
    In The Ant Trap, Brian Epstein proposes a bold new systematic strategy for developing social ontology. He explores the history and current state of the art and provides pointed critiques of leading theories in the field. His framework, incompassing frames that provide principles for grounding social facts, is developed in some detail across a variety of social practices and applied to revealing real world as well as hyporthetical examples. If Epstein's account holds, it should provide new directions and standards (...)
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  40.  53
    B. Roy Frieden (1999). F-Information, a Unitless Variant of Fisher Information. Foundations of Physics 29 (10):1521-1541.
    A new information matrix [F] with elements F mn = 〈 (y m - a m )(y n - a n) (∂ ln p(y | a)/∂a m ) (∂ ln p(y | a)/∂a n ) 〉 is analyzed. The PDF p(y | a) is the usual likelihood law. [F] differs from the Fisher information matrix by the presence of the first two factors in the given expectation. These factors make F mn unitless, in contrast with the Fisher information. (...)
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  41.  6
    B. Norton (1975). Metaphysics and Population Genetics: Karl Pearson and the Background to Fisher's Multi-Factorial Theory of Inheritance. Annals of Science 32 (6):537-553.
    This paper traces the background to R. A. Fisher's multi-factorial theory of inheritance. It is argued that the traditional account is incomplete, and that Karl Pearson's well-known pre-Fisherian objections to the theory were in fact overcome by Pearson himself. It is further argued that Pearson's stated reasons for not accepting his own achievement has to be seen as a rationalization, standing in for deeper-seated metaphysical objections to the Mendelian paradigm of a type not readily discussed in a formal scientific (...)
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  42.  42
    Michael Devitt (1980). Brian Loar on Singular Terms. Philosophical Studies 37 (3):271 - 280.
    In "the semantics of singular terms," brian loar described and criticized a "causal" theory of reference and offered a new "description" theory. It is argued that the particular causal theory described is not to be found in the papers by donnellan and kripke cited as evidence for it, And is a straw man. Further "prima facie", Loar's new description theory fails to meet kripke's noncircularity condition. Should loar attempt to meet it, His theory is likely to run foul of (...)
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  43.  93
    Martin Barrett, Ellery Eells, Branden Fitelson & Elliott Sober (1999). Review: Models and Reality-A Review of Brian Skyrms's Evolution of the Social Contract. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (1):237 - 241.
    Human beings are peculiar. In laboratory experiments, they often cooperate in one-shot prisoners’ dilemmas, they frequently offer 1/2 and reject low offers in the ultimatum game, and they often bid 1/2 in the game of divide-the-cake All these behaviors are puzzling from the point of view of game theory. The first two are irrational, if utility is measured in a certain way.1 The last isn’t positively irrational, but it is no more rational than other possible actions, since there are infinitely (...)
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  44.  59
    Johannes Lenhard (2006). Models and Statistical Inference: The Controversy Between Fisher and Neyman–Pearson. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (1):69-91.
    The main thesis of the paper is that in the case of modern statistics, the differences between the various concepts of models were the key to its formative controversies. The mathematical theory of statistical inference was mainly developed by Ronald A. Fisher, Jerzy Neyman, and Egon S. Pearson. Fisher on the one side and Neyman–Pearson on the other were involved often in a polemic controversy. The common view is that Neyman and Pearson made Fisher's account more stringent (...)
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  45.  20
    James Moore (2007). R. A. Fisher: A Faith Fit for Eugenics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 38 (1):110-135.
    In discussions of ‘religion-and-science’, faith is usually emphasized more than works, scientists’ beliefs more than their deeds. By reversing the priority, a lingering puzzle in the life of Ronald Aylmer Fisher , statistician, eugenicist and founder of the neo-Darwinian synthesis, can be solved. Scholars have struggled to find coherence in Fisher’s simultaneous commitment to Darwinism, Anglican Christianity and eugenics. The problem is addressed by asking what practical mode of faith or faithful mode of practice lent unity to his (...)
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  46.  20
    Brian Massumi (2009). Technical Mentality” Revisited: Brian Massumi on Gilbert Simondon. Parrhesia 7:36-45.
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  47.  24
    Karol Polcyn (2007). Brian Loar on Physicalism and Phenomenal Concepts. Diametros 11:10-39.
    Brian Loar argues that we can account for the conceptual independence of coextensive terms purely psychologically, by appealing to conceptual rather than semantic differences between concepts, and that this leaves room for assuming that phenomenal and physical concepts can be coextensive on a posteriori grounds despite the fact that both sorts of concepts refer directly . I argue that Loar does not remove the mystery of the coextensiveness of those concepts because he does not offer any explanation of why (...)
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  48.  35
    Carl G. Wagner (1991). Simpson's Paradox and the Fisher-Newcomb Problem. Grazer Philosophische Studien 40:185-194.
    It is shown that the Fisher smoking problem and Newcomb's problem are decisiontheoretically identical, each having at its core an identical case of Simpson's paradox for certain probabilities. From this perspective, incorrect solutions to these problems arise from treating them as cases of decisionmaking under risk, while adopting certain global empirical conditional probabilities as the relevant subjective probabihties. The most natural correct solutions employ the methodology of decisionmaking under uncertainty with lottery acts, with certain local empirical conditional probabilities adopted (...)
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  49.  38
    Mary S. Morgan (1997). The Technology of Analogical Models: Irving Fisher's Monetary Worlds. Philosophy of Science 64 (4):314.
    Mary Hesse's well-known work on models and analogies gives models a creative role to play in science, which rests on developing certain analogical properties considered neutral between the two fields. Case study material from Irving Fisher's work (The Purchasing Power of Money, 1911), in which he used analogies to construct models of monetary relations and the monetary system, highlights certain omissions in Hesse's account. The analysis points to the importance of taking account of the negative properties in the analogies (...)
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  50.  22
    Brian Gregor (2011). Niels Jørgen Cappelørn, Alastair Hannay, David Kangas, Bruce H. Kirmmse, George Pattison, Vanessa Rumble, and K. Brian Söderquist, Eds. , Kierkegaard's Journals and Notebooks Volume 3: Notebooks 1-15 . Reviewed By. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 31 (2):107-110.
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