Search results for 'Bruce A. Young' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. A. Mike Burton, Andrew W. Young, Vicki Bruce, Robert A. Johnston & Andrew W. Ellis (1991). Understanding Covert Recognition. Cognition 39 (2):129-166.score: 8100.0
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  2. Daniel Gibson, Benders G., A. Gwynedd, Cynthia Andrews-Pfannkoch, Evgeniya Denisova, Baden-Tillson A., Zaveri Holly, Stockwell Jayshree, B. Timothy, Anushka Brownley, David Thomas, Algire W., A. Mikkel, Chuck Merryman, Lei Young, Vladimir Noskov, Glass N., I. John, J. Craig Venter, Clyde Hutchison, Smith A. & O. Hamilton (2008). Complete Chemical Synthesis, Assembly, and Cloning of a Mycoplasma Genitalium Genome. Science 319 (5867):1215--1220.score: 6000.0
    We have synthesized a 582,970-base pair Mycoplasma genitalium genome. This synthetic genome, named M. genitalium JCVI-1.0, contains all the genes of wild-type M. genitalium G37 except MG408, which was disrupted by an antibiotic marker to block pathogenicity and to allow for selection. To identify the genome as synthetic, we inserted "watermarks" at intergenic sites known to tolerate transposon insertions. Overlapping "cassettes" of 5 to 7 kilobases (kb), assembled from chemically synthesized oligonucleotides, were joined by in vitro recombination to produce intermediate (...)
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  3. B. A., Humfry Payne & Gerard Mackworth Young (1936). Archaic Marble Sculpture From the Acropolis: A Photographic Catalogue. Journal of Hellenic Studies 56:247.score: 5400.0
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  4. H. M. Kraemer Jr & S. B. Young (2003). When Things Go Wrong: Managing Crisis. A Talk with Harry M. Jansen Kraemer, Jr., and Sally Benjamin Young. Interview by Thomasine Kushner. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: Cq: The International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees 13 (2):193-199.score: 1260.0
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  5. Bruce A. Young (1993). On the Necessity of an Archetypal Concept in Morphology: With Special Reference to the Concepts of “Structure” and “Homology”. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 8 (2):225-248.score: 960.0
    Morphological elements, or structures, are sorted into four categories depending on their level of anatomical isolation and the presence or absence of intrinsically identifying characteristics. These four categories are used to highlight the difficulties with the concept of structure and our ability to identify or define structures. The analysis is extended to the concept of homology through a discussion of the methodological and philosophical problems of the current concept of homology. It is argued that homology is fundamentally a similarity based (...)
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  6. Bruce A. Young, Cynthia E. Lee & Kylle M. Daley (2002). Do Snakes Meter Venom? BioScience 52 (12):1121.score: 870.0
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  7. Deborah Giaschi, James E. Jan, Bruce Bjornson, Simon Au Young, Matthew Tata, Christopher J. Lyons, William V. Good & Peter K. H. Wong (2003). Conscious Visual Abilities in a Patient with Early Bilateral Occipital Damage. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 45 (11):772-781.score: 810.0
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  8. Wayne C. Booth, Dudley Barlow, Orson Scott Card, Anthony Cunningham, John Gardner, Marshall Gregory, John J. Han, Jack Harrell, Richard E. Hart, Barbara A. Heavilin, Marianne Jennings, Charles Johnson, Bernard Malamud, Toni Morrison, Georgia A. Newman, Joyce Carol Oates, Jay Parini, David Parker, James Phelan, Richard A. Posner, Mary R. Reichardt, Nina Rosenstand, Stephen L. Tanner, John Updike, John H. Wallace, Abraham B. Yehoshua & Bruce Young (2005). Ethics, Literature, and Theory: An Introductory Reader. Sheed & Ward.score: 810.0
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  9. Charles W. Kalish, Sunae Kim & Andrew G. Young (2012). How Young Children Learn From Examples: Descriptive and Inferential Problems. Cognitive Science 36 (8):1427-1448.score: 600.0
    Three experiments with preschool- and young school-aged children (N = 75 and 53) explored the kinds of relations children detect in samples of instances (descriptive problem) and how they generalize those relations to new instances (inferential problem). Each experiment initially presented a perfect biconditional relation between two features (e.g., all and only frogs are blue). Additional examples undermined one of the component conditional relations (not all frogs are blue) but supported another (only frogs are blue). Preschool-aged children did not (...)
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  10. A. Young (1997). Competing Ideologies in Health Care: A Personal Perspective. Nursing Ethics 4 (3):191-201.score: 600.0
    With the introduction of general management and then of planned markets into the National Health Service (NHS), health care in the UK has gone through a massive amount of change. The effect on those working for the NHS has been ‘challenging’ and often confusing. This paper aims to clarify what is happening by taking an ideological perspective: what ideologies exist, how they are changing and the strategies being used to ensure their survival. Ideologies are basically about power. The relationship between (...)
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  11. Iris Marion Young (2005). On Female Body Experience: "Throwing Like a Girl" and Other Essays. Oxford University Press.score: 600.0
    Written over a span of more than two decades, the essays by Iris Marion Young collected in this volume describe diverse aspects of women's lived body experience in modern Western societies. Drawing on the ideas of several twentieth century continental philosophers--including Simone de Beauvoir, Martin Heidegger, Luce Irigaray, Julia Kristeva, and Maurice Merleau-Ponty--Young constructs rigorous analytic categories for interpreting embodied subjectivity. The essays combine theoretical description of experience with normative evaluation of the unjust constraints on their freedom and (...)
     
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  12. R. Gundlach, D. A. Rothschild & P. T. Young (1927). A Test and Analysis of "Set.". Journal of Experimental Psychology 10 (3):247.score: 580.0
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  13. A. Howes & R. M. Young (1996). Learning Consistent, Interactive and Meaningful Device Methods: A Computational Approach. Cognitive Science 20:301-356.score: 580.0
     
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  14. G. B. Young, A. H. Ropper & C. F. Bolton (1998). Coma and Impaired Consciousness: A Clinical Perspective. McGraw-Hill.score: 540.0
    All-encompassing text examines every aspect of coma from neurochemistry, monitoring, and treatments to prognostic factors.
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  15. A. Grant Young, W. R. Favret & J. B. Keyes (1975). Resistance to Extinction as a Function of Reinforcement Schedule: A Within-Subject Design. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 5 (2):180-182.score: 540.0
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  16. Jonathan W. Camp, Raymond C. Barfield, Virginia Rodriguez, Amanda J. Young, Ruthbeth Finerman & Miguela A. Caniza (2009). Challenges Faced by Research Ethics Committees in El Salvador: Results From a Focus Group Study. Developing World Bioethics 9 (1):11-17.score: 540.0
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  17. A. Grant Young (1966). Resistance to Extinction as a Function of Number of Nonreinforced Trials and Effortfulness of Response. Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (4):610.score: 540.0
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  18. F. Danielsen, P. M. Jensen, N. D. Burgess, R. Altamirano, P. A. Alviola, H. Andrianandrasana, J. S. Brashares, A. C. Burton, I. Coronado, N. Corpuz, M. Enghoff, J. Fjeldsa, M. Funder, S. Holt, H. Hubertz, A. E. Jensen, R. Lewis, J. Massao, M. M. Mendoza, Y. Ngaga, C. B. Pipper, M. K. Poulsen, R. M. Rueda, M. K. Sam, T. Skielboe, M. Sorensen & R. Young (2014). A Multicountry Assessment of Tropical Resource Monitoring by Local Communities. BioScience 64 (3):236-251.score: 540.0
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  19. H. D. Ellis, A. H. Quaylea, A. W. Young & K. W. de Pauw (1997). Response From Ellis, Young, Quayle and de Pauw. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 1 (5):158.score: 540.0
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  20. Clare Am Sutherland, Julian A. Oldmeadow, Isabel M. Santos, John Towler, D. Michael Burt & Andrew W. Young (2013). Social Inferences From Faces: Ambient Images Generate a Three-Dimensional Model. Cognition 127 (1):105-118.score: 540.0
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  21. Terry L. Yates, James N. Mills, Cheryl A. Parmenter, Thomas G. Ksiazek, Robert R. Parmenter, John R. Vande Castle, Charles H. Calisher, Stuart T. Nichol, Kenneth D. Abbott & Joni C. Young (2002). The Ecology and Evolutionary History of an Emergent Disease: Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome Evidence From Two El Niño Episodes in the American Southwest Suggests That El Niño–Driven Precipitation, the Initial Catalyst of a Trophic Cascade That Results in a Delayed Density-Dependent Rodent Response, is Sufficient to Predict Heightened Risk for Human Contraction of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome. BioScience 52 (11):989-998.score: 540.0
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  22. A. Grant Young (1976). ECS Effects on the Extinction of a Running Response Following CRF or VR Training. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 7 (2):169-170.score: 540.0
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  23. A. W. Young, R. Sprengelmeyer, M. Phillips & A. J. Calder (1997). Response From Young, Sprengelmeyer, Phillips and Calder. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 1 (9):322-325.score: 540.0
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  24. A. Grant Young (1969). Resistance to Extinction as a Function of Partial Reinforcement and Bar Weighting: A Within-S Design. Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (2p1):363.score: 540.0
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  25. David C. Blouin & A. Grant Young (1977). Compound Conditioning: Component Strength in a Compound CS as a Function of Test Trial Ratio. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 9 (4):291-293.score: 540.0
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  26. E. H. F. De Haan, D. C. Hay, H. D. Ellis, F. Jeeves, F. Newcombe & A. W. Young (1986). The Effect of Unilateral Brain Lesion on Matching Famous and Unknown Faces Given Either the Internal or the External Features: A Study on Patients with Unilateral Brain Lesions. In H. Ellis, M. Jeeves, F. Newcombe & Andrew W. Young (eds.), Aspects of Face Processing. Martinus Nijhoff.score: 540.0
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  27. A. L. Diamond, H. Scheible, E. Schwartz & R. Young (1955). A Comparison of Psychophysical Methods in the Investigation of Foveal Simultaneous Brightness Contrast. Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (3):171.score: 540.0
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  28. Mark A. Harwell, Victoria Myers, Terry Young, Ann Bartuska, Nancy Gassman, John H. Gentile, Christine C. Harwell, Stuart Appelbaum, John Barko, Billy Causey, Christine Johnson, Agnes McLean, Ron Smola, Paul Templet & Stephen Tosini (1999). A Framework for an Ecosystem Integrity Report Card. BioScience 49 (7):543.score: 540.0
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  29. Mark A. Harwell, Victoria Myers, Terry Young, Ann Bartuska, Nancy Gassman, John H. Gentile, Christine C. Harwell, Stuart Appelbaum, John Barko & Billy Causey (1999). A Framework for an Ecosystem Integrity Report Card Examples From South Florida Show How an Ecosystem Report Card Links Societal Values and Scientific Information. BioScience 49 (7):543-556.score: 540.0
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  30. D. C. Hay, A. W. Young & A. W. Ellis (1986). What Happens When a Face Rings a Bell?: The Automatic Processing of Famous Faces. In H. Ellis, M. Jeeves, F. Newcombe & Andrew W. Young (eds.), Aspects of Face Processing. Martinus Nijhoff. 136--144.score: 540.0
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  31. S. B. G. Park & A. H. Young (1994). Connectionism and Psychiatry: A Brief Review. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 1 (1):51-58.score: 540.0
  32. Charles N. Uhl & A. Grant Young (1967). Resistance to Extinction as a Function of Incentive, Percentage of Reinforcement, and Number of Nonreinforced Trials. Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (4p1):556.score: 540.0
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  33. A. Grant Young, P. A. Hale & G. D. Fuselier (1974). A Within-S Test of the Response Specificity of the PRE. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 3 (6):437-439.score: 540.0
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  34. A. Grant Young & C. A. Costelloe (1974). Resistance to Extinction as a Function of Partial Reinforcement and External Stimuli: A Within- S Design. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 3 (3):191-192.score: 540.0
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  35. A. Grant Young, W. R. Favret & P. M. Blakney (1976). Resistance to Extinction as a Function of Reinforcement Schedule and Amount of Reinforcement. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 7 (3):313-314.score: 540.0
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  36. Iris Marion Young (2006). Responsibility and Global Justice: A Social Connection Model. Social Philosophy and Policy 23 (1):102-130.score: 420.0
    The essay theorizes the responsibilities moral agents may be said to have in relation to global structural social processes that have unjust consequences. How ought moral agents, whether individual or institutional, conceptualize their responsibilities in relation to global injustice? I propose a model of responsibility from social connection as an interpretation of obligations of justice arising from structural social processes. I use the example of justice in transnational processes of production, distribution and marketing of clothing to illustrate operations of structural (...)
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  37. James Young (2011). The Ontology of Musical Works: A Philosophical Pseudo-Problem. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 6 (2):284-297.score: 420.0
    A bewildering array of accounts of the ontology of musical works is available. Philosophers have held that works of music are sets of performances, abstract, eternal sound-event types, initiated types, compositional action types, compositional action tokens, ideas in a composer’s mind and continuants that perdure. This paper maintains that questions in the ontology of music are, in Rudolf Carnap’s sense of the term, pseudo-problems. That is, there is no alethic basis for choosing between rival musical ontologies. While we have (...)
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  38. J. O. Young (2001). A Defence of the Coherence Theory of Truth. Journal of Philosophical Research 26 (1):89--101.score: 420.0
    Recent critics of the coherence theory of truth (notably Ralph Walker) have alleged that the theory is incoherent, since its defence presupposes the correctness of the contrary correspondence theory of truth. Coherentists must specify the system of propositions with which true propositons cohere (the specified system). Generally, coherentists claim that the specified system is a system composed of propositions believed by a community. Critics of coherentism maintain that the coherentist’s assertions about which system is the specified system must be true, (...)
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  39. Marc Hauser, Fiery Cushman, Liane Young, J. I. N. Kang-Xing & John Mikhail (2007). A Dissociation Between Moral Judgments and Justifications. Mind and Language 22 (1):1–21.score: 420.0
    To what extent do moral judgments depend on conscious reasoning from explicitly understood principles? We address this question by investigating one particular moral principle, the principle of the double effect. Using web-based technology, we collected a large data set on individuals' responses to a series of moral dilemmas, asking when harm to innocent others is permissible. Each moral dilemma presented a choice between action and inaction, both resulting in lives saved and lives lost. Results showed that: (1) patterns of moral (...)
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  40. R. P. Behrendt & C. Young (2004). Hallucinations in Schizophrenia, Sensory Impairment, and Brain Disease: A Unifying Model. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):771-787.score: 420.0
    Based on recent insight into the thalamocortical system and its role in perception and conscious experience, a unified pathophysiological framework for hallucinations in neurological and psychiatric conditions is proposed, which integrates previously unrelated neurobiological and psychological findings. Gamma-frequency rhythms of discharge activity from thalamic and cortical neurons are facilitated by cholinergic arousal and resonate in networks of thalamocortical circuits, thereby transiently forming assemblies of coherent gamma oscillations under constraints of afferent sensory input and prefrontal attentional mechanisms. If perception is based (...)
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  41. Garry Young (2009). Case Study Evidence for an Irreducible Form of Knowing How To: An Argument Against a Reductive Epistemology. Philosophia 37 (2):341-360.score: 420.0
    Over recent years, there has been a resurgence of interest in arguments favouring intellectualism—the view that Ryle’s epistemic distinction is invalid because knowing how is in fact nothing but a species of knowing that. The aim of this paper is to challenge intellectualism by introducing empirical evidence supporting a form of knowing how that resists such a reduction. In presenting a form of visuomotor pathology known as visual agnosia, I argue that certain actions performed by patient DF can be distinguished (...)
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  42. Jason M. Stephens, Michael F. Young & Thomas Calabrese (2007). Does Moral Judgment Go Offline When Students Are Online? A Comparative Analysis of Undergraduates' Beliefs and Behaviors Related to Conventional and Digital Cheating. Ethics and Behavior 17 (3):233 – 254.score: 420.0
    This study provides a comparative analysis of students' self-reported beliefs and behaviors related to six analogous pairs of conventional and digital forms of academic cheating. Results from an online survey of undergraduates at two universities (N = 1,305) suggest that students use conventional means more often than digital means to copy homework, collaborate when it is not permitted, and copy from others during an exam. However, engagement in digital plagiarism (cutting and pasting from the Internet) has surpassed conventional plagiarism. Students (...)
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  43. Robert Young (ed.) (1981). Untying the Text: A Post-Structuralist Reader. Routledge & Kegan Paul.score: 420.0
    ... mean abstract. From my point of view, it means reflexive, something which turns back on itself: a discourse which turns back on itself is by virtue of ...
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  44. I. I. I. Young (2014). The Shape of Reflexivity: A Pragmatist Analysis of Religious Ethnography. American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 35 (1):42-64.score: 420.0
    In recent years, religious studies has undergone an ethnographic turn. More and more, scholars attend to the social location and significance of religious practice. This approach foregrounds the self-understandings of religious communities and practitioners and raises the question of the relation between ethnography and philosophical analysis. For instance, Saba Mahmood, in The Politics of Piety, draws from ethnographic study so as to critique philosophy’s universalizing claims regarding subjectivity, enabling a recognition of the diverse forms feminist subjectivity and political agency may (...)
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  45. Garry Young (2013). Enacting Taboos as a Means to an End; but What End? On the Morality of Motivations for Child Murder and Paedophilia Within Gamespace. Ethics and Information Technology 15 (1):13-23.score: 420.0
    Video games are currently available which permit the virtual murder of children. No such games are presently available which permit virtual paedophilia. Does this disparity reflect a morally justifiable position? Focusing solely on different player motivations, I contrast two version of a fictitious game—one permitting the virtual murder of children, the other virtual paedophilia—in order to establish whether the selective prohibition of one activity over the other can be morally justified based on player motivation alone. I conclude that it cannot, (...)
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  46. Michael Young (1993). A Curriculum for the 21st Century? Towards a New Basis for Overcoming Academic/Vocational Divisions. British Journal of Educational Studies 41 (3):203 - 222.score: 420.0
    (1993). A curriculum for the 21st century? Towards a new basis for overcoming academic/vocational divisions 1 . British Journal of Educational Studies: Vol. 41, No. 3, pp. 203-222.
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  47. Jerome Young (2002). Morals, Suicide, and Psychiatry: A View From Japan. Bioethics 16 (5):412–424.score: 420.0
    In this paper, I argue that within the Japanese social context, the act of suicide is a positive moral act because the values underpinning it are directly related to a socially pervasive moral belief that any act of self-sacrifice is a worthy pursuit. The philosophical basis for this view of the self and its relation to society goes back to the writings of Confucius who advocated a life of propriety in which being dutiful, obedient, and loyal to one's group takes (...)
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  48. Shaun Young (ed.) (2004). Political Liberalism: Variations on a Theme. State Uiversity of New York Press.score: 420.0
    This book reveals the rich and complex nature of the dialogue among proponents of political liberalism and its important nuances, and in so doing offers a ...
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  49. Valerie Shilling & Bridget Young (2009). How Do Parents Experience Being Asked to Enter a Child in a Randomised Controlled Trial? BMC Medical Ethics 10 (1):1-.score: 420.0
    BackgroundAs the number of randomised controlled trials of medicines for children increases, it becomes progressively more important to understand the experiences of parents who are asked to enrol their child in a trial. This paper presents a narrative review of research evidence on parents' experiences of trial recruitment focussing on qualitative research, which allows them to articulate their views in their own words.DiscussionParents want to do their best for their children, and socially and legally their role is to care for (...)
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  50. William Young (forthcoming). From Interior Algebras to Unital ℓ-Groups: A Unifying Treatment of Modal Residuated Lattices. Studia Logica:1-22.score: 420.0
    Much work has been done on specific instances of residuated lattices with modal operators (either nuclei or conuclei). In this paper, we develop a general framework that subsumes three important classes of modal residuated lattices: interior algebras, Abelian ℓ-groups with conuclei, and negative cones of ℓ-groups with nuclei. We then use this framework to obtain results about these three cases simultaneously. In particular, we show that a categorical equivalence exists in each of these cases. The approach used here emphasizes the (...)
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