Search results for 'By Rowan Cruft' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Rowan Cruft (2004). Rights: Beyond Interest Theory and Will Theory? [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 23 (4):347 - 397.score: 450.0
    It is common for philosophers and legal theorists to bemoan the proliferation of the language of rights in popular discourse.1 In a wide range of contemporary public political and ethical debates, disputants are quick to appeal to the existence of rights that support their position – the ‘human rights’ of innocent victims of war, animals’ noninterference rights, individuals’ and businesses’ rights to economic freedom. It is often maintained, with some plausibility, that these public disputes involve hasty and undefended reliance on (...)
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  2. Rowan Cruft, Matthew H. Kramer & Mark R. Reiff (eds.) (2011). Crime, Punishment, and Responsibility: The Jurisprudence of Antony Duff. Oxford University Press.score: 450.0
    This volume collects essays by leading criminal law theorists to explore the principal themes in his work.
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  3. Rowan Cruft, Are Property Rights Ever Basic Human Rights?score: 450.0
    Stealing from someone is not as bad as torturing, killing or raping them. But is the difference between theft and these fundamental violations simply a difference in degree (of severity)? I begin this article by outlining several ways in which the moral grounds for property rights differ in kind from those for basic human rights, differences that underpin and explain the difference in severity. I go on to ask whether, despite these differences, there might be some property rights that we (...)
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  4. R. J. Rowan (1977). Discretion to Disobey: A Study of Lawful Departures From Legal Rules. By Mortimer R. Kadish & Sanford H. Kadish. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. 1973. Pp. X, 241. $8.95. [REVIEW] Dialogue 16 (03):534-538.score: 360.0
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  5. John R. Rowan (1998). Michael P. Zuckert, The Natural Rights Republic Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 18 (5):387-388.score: 360.0
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  6. Rowan Cruft (2010). Two Approaches to Human Rights. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 60 (238):176-182.score: 240.0
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  7. Rowan Cruft (2006). Against Individualistic Justifications of Property Rights. Utilitas 18 (2):154-172.score: 240.0
    In this article I argue that, despite the views of such theorists as Locke, Hart and Raz, most of a person's property rights cannot be individualistically justified. Instead most property rights, if justified at all, must be justified on non-individualistic (e.g. consequentialist) grounds. This, I suggest, implies that most property rights cannot be morally fundamental ‘human rights’.
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  8. Rowan Cruft (2010). On the Non-Instrumental Value of Basic Rights. Journal of Moral Philosophy 7 (4):441-461.score: 240.0
    Basic rights are often of great instrumental value in securing protection for important human needs and interests. The first two sections of this paper defend the thesis that basic rights are also valuable independently of their instrumental role. Taking my cue from Frances Kamm's suggestion that basic rights reflect or express human worth, in the third, fourth and fifth sections I develop the proposal that the non-instrumental value of basic rights derives from their constitutive role in a universal form of (...)
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  9. Rowan Cruft (2005). Human Rights, Individualism and Cultural Diversity. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 8 (3):265-287.score: 240.0
    Abstract Two features of human?rights discourse are often targeted for criticism: its universalism and its individualism. Both features, it is usually claimed, illegitimately overlook the significance of cultural diversity. In this essay I argue that individualism is incompatible with universalism and compatible with cultural diversity. Thus I defend the view that human rights are individualistically justified, and I argue that it follows from this that human rights are in an important sense non?universal. I go on to show how my non?universalist (...)
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  10. Rowan Cruft (2005). Human Rights and Positive Duties. Ethics and International Affairs 19 (1):29–37.score: 240.0
  11. Rowan Cruft (2005). Against Equality of Opportunity. Philosophical Books 46 (1):59-65.score: 240.0
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  12. Rowan Cruft (2010). Kamm and Miller on Rights' Compatibility. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (4):393 - 401.score: 240.0
    In their recent books, National Responsibility and Global Justice (2007) and Intricate Ethics (2007), David Miller and Frances Kamm give two similar arguments aimed at preventing their favoured accounts of the moral justification of rights from justifying an excess of demanding assistance rights. Both arguments appeal to the fact that a proliferation of assistance rights would conflict with other rights. In this paper, I show that these arguments fail. As Miller recognises in a footnote, the failure of such arguments appears (...)
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  13. Rowan Cruft (2006). Why Aren't Duties Rights? Philosophical Quarterly 56 (223):175-192.score: 240.0
    I do not answer my title’s question in this paper. Instead, my aims are first to show that the question is worth asking, secondly to show that its answer will not be trivial, and thirdly to show that it is unclear what the answer is. From these three conclusions it follows that many contemporary Hohfeldian approaches to the conceptual analysis of rights (including those of Sumner, Jones, Kramer, Wenar and myself)1, while potentially capable of extensional accuracy, overlook an essential but (...)
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  14. Rowan Cruft, Human Rights as Rights.score: 240.0
    This essay makes three suggestions: first, that it is attractive to conceive individualistic justification as one of the hallmarks - maybe even the one hallmark - of human rights; secondly, that combining this conception of human rights with standard worries about socioeconomic rights can tempt one to take the phrase "human rights" to refer to any individualistically justified weighty normative consideration (including considerations that are not rights); and thirdly, that reflections on the individuation of rights and rights' dynamic quality give (...)
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  15. Rowan Cruft (2008). Liberalism and the Changing Character of the Criminal Law: Response to Ashworth and Zedner. [REVIEW] Criminal Law and Philosophy 2 (1):59-65.score: 240.0
  16. Rowan Cruft & Maksymilian Del Mar (2013). Introduction (Symposium on the Human Right to Subsistence). Journal of Applied Philosophy 30 (1):53-56.score: 240.0
  17. Rowan Cruft (2013). Why is It Disrespectful to Violate Rights? Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 113 (2pt2):201-224.score: 240.0
    Violating a person's rights is disrespectful to that person. This is because it is disrespectful to someone to violate duties owed to that person. I call these ‘directed duties’; they are the flipside of rights. The aim of this paper is to consider why directed duties and respect are linked, and to highlight a puzzle about this linkage, a puzzle arising from the fact that many directed duties are justified independently of whether they do anything for those to whom they (...)
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  18. Rowan Cruft & Maksymilian Del Mar (2013). Introduction (Symposium on the Human Right to Subsistence). Journal of Applied Philosophy 30 (1):53-56.score: 240.0
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  19. Rowan Cruft, S. Matthew Liao & Massimo Renzo (eds.) (forthcoming). The Philosophical Foundations of Human Rights. Oxford University Press.score: 240.0
  20. Mark R. Reiff & Rowan Cruft (2011). Antony Duff and the Philosophy of Punishment. In Rowan Cruft, Matthew H. Kramer & Mark R. Reiff (eds.), Crime, Punishment, and Responsibility: The Jurisprudence of Antony Duff. Oup Oxford.score: 240.0
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  21. B. Quash (2001). Book Reviews : Lost Icons: Reflections on Cultural Bereavement, by Rowan Williams. Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 2000.190 Pp. Pb. 12.95. ISBN 0-567-08722-. [REVIEW] Studies in Christian Ethics 14 (1):117-120.score: 140.0
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  22. John Perry (2014). Faith in the Public Square by Rowan Williams (London: Bloomsbury, 2012), Vi + 344 Pp. [REVIEW] Modern Theology 30 (1):181-183.score: 140.0
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  23. William Blissett (2006). Grace and Necessity: Reflections on Art and Love, by Rowan Williams. The Chesterton Review 32 (3/4):443-449.score: 140.0
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  24. Cyril O'Regan (2010). Wrestling with Angels: Conversations in Modern Theology – By Rowan Williams. Modern Theology 26 (1):149-152.score: 140.0
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  25. Ritamary Bradley (1990). Oliver Davies, God Within: The Mystical Tradition of Northern Europe. Foreword by Rowan Williams. New York and Mahwah, NJ: Paulist Press, 1988. Paper. Pp. Xii, 224. $9.95. [REVIEW] Speculum 65 (3):648-650.score: 140.0
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  26. Gaëlle Fiasse (2000). Thomas Aquinas, Commentary on Aristotle's «Nicomachean Ethics». Translated by CI Litzinger, Op Foreword by Ralph McInerny** _Thomas Aquinas, Commentary on Aristotle's «De Anima». Translated by Kenelm Foster, Op, and Silvester Humphries, Op Introduction by Ralph McInerny_** Thomas Aquinas, Commentary on Aristotle's «Metaphysics». Translation and Introduction by John P. Rowan. Preface by Ralph McInerny. [REVIEW] Revue Philosophique De Louvain 98 (3):610-612.score: 120.0
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  27. Wayne Hankey (1997). Re-Christianizing Augustine Postmodern Style: Readings by Jacques Derrida, Robert Dodaro, Jean-Luc Marion, Rowan Williams, Lewis Ayres and John Milbank. Animus 2:387-415.score: 120.0
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  28. Re-Christianizing Augustine Postmodern Style (1997). Readings by Jacques Derrida, Robert Dodaro, Jean-Luc Marion, Rowan Williams, Lewis Ayres and John Milbank,". Animus 2.score: 120.0
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  29. A. Hamilton (1997). Life in the Middle Ages From the Seventh to the Thirteenth Century (Hans-Werner Goetz; Edited by Steven Rowan). Heythrop Journal 38:337-337.score: 120.0
     
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  30. Medi Ann Volpe (2013). Christ the Stranger: The Theology of Rowan Williams by Benjamin Myers (London: T&T Clark, 2012), X + 130 Pp. [REVIEW] Modern Theology 29 (3):398-400.score: 120.0
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  31. By Rowan Cruft (2006). Why Aren't Duties Rights? Philosophical Quarterly 56 (223):175–192.score: 87.0
    I do not answer my title’s question in this paper. Instead, my aims are first to show that the question is worth asking, secondly to show that its answer will not be trivial, and thirdly to show that it is unclear what the answer is. From these three conclusions it follows that many contemporary Hohfeldian approaches to the conceptual analysis of rights (including those of Sumner, Jones, Kramer, Wenar and myself)1, while potentially capable of extensional accuracy, overlook an essential but (...)
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  32. Catherine Rowett (2013). Christopher Stead. Studia Patristica 53 (1):17-30.score: 36.0
    Professor Christopher Stead was Ely Professor of Divinity from 1971 until his retirement in 1980 and one of the great contributors to the Oxford Patristic Conferences for many years. In this paper I reflect on his work in Patristics, and I attempt to understand how his interests diverged from the other major contributors in the same period, and how they were formed by his philosophical milieu and the spirit of the age. As a case study to illustrate and diagnose his (...)
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  33. Rowan Moore (2012). Why We Build. Picador.score: 30.0
    In Why We Build Rowan Moore shows how buildings are driven by human emotions and desires – such as hope, power, money, sex, and the idea of home – and how buildings then shape our experiences.
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  34. Stephen Mulhall (2011). Theology and Narrative: The Self, the Novel, the Bible. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 69 (1):29-43.score: 24.0
    This paper critically evaluates the work of Charles Taylor and Alasdair MacIntyre by comparing their understanding of the narrative structure of selfhood with paradigms derived from three other sources: Heidegger’s conception of human being as Dasein; Rowan Williams’ interpretation of Dostoevsky’s theology of narrative; and Kierkegaard’s project of reading the Old Testament narrative of Abraham and Isaac as part of the Christian God’s autobiography. These comparisons suggest that Taylor and MacIntyre’s own narratives of Western culture lack a certain, theologically (...)
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  35. William Mark Goodwin (2009). Visual Representations in Science. Philosophy of Science 76 (3):372-390.score: 24.0
    This paper evaluates a general argument for the conclusion that visual representations in science must play the role of truth bearers if they are to figure as legitimate contributors to scientific arguments and explanations. The argument is found to be unsound. An alternative approach to assessing the role of visual representations in science is exemplified by an examination of the role of structural formulas in organic chemistry. Structural formulas are found not to play the role of truth bearers; nonetheless, they (...)
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  36. Peter Schaar (2010). Privacy by Design. Identity in the Information Society 3 (2):267-274.score: 24.0
    In view of rapid and dramatic technological change, it is important to take the special requirements of privacy protection into account early on, because new technological systems often contain hidden dangers which are very difficult to overcome after the basic design has been worked out. So it makes all the more sense to identify and examine possible data protection problems when designing new technology and to incorporate privacy protection into the overall design, instead of having to come up with laborious (...)
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  37. Janet Folina (2012). Newton and Hamilton: In Defense of Truth in Algebra. Southern Journal of Philosophy 50 (3):504-527.score: 24.0
    Although it is clear that Sir William Rowan Hamilton supported a Kantian account of algebra, I argue that there is an important sense in which Hamilton's philosophy of mathematics can be situated in the Newtonian tradition. Drawing from both Niccolo Guicciardini's (2009) and Stephen Gaukroger's (2010) readings of the Newton–Leibniz controversy over the calculus, I aim to show that the very epistemic ideals that underpin Newton's argument for the superiority of geometry over algebra also motivate Hamilton's philosophy of algebra. (...)
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  38. Pierrick Bourrat (2014). From Survivors to Replicators: Evolution by Natural Selection Revisited. Biology and Philosophy 29 (4):517-538.score: 24.0
    For evolution by natural selection to occur it is classically admitted that the three ingredients of variation, difference in fitness and heredity are necessary and sufficient. In this paper, I show using simple individual-based models, that evolution by natural selection can occur in populations of entities in which neither heredity nor reproduction are present. Furthermore, I demonstrate by complexifying these models that both reproduction and heredity are predictable Darwinian products (i.e. complex adaptations) of populations initially lacking these two properties but (...)
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  39. Ann Cavoukian, Scott Taylor & Martin E. Abrams (2010). Privacy by Design: Essential for Organizational Accountability and Strong Business Practices. [REVIEW] Identity in the Information Society 3 (2):405-413.score: 24.0
    An accountability-based privacy governance model is one where organizations are charged with societal objectives, such as using personal information in a manner that maintains individual autonomy and which protects individuals from social, financial and physical harms, while leaving the actual mechanisms for achieving those objectives to the organization. This paper discusses the essential elements of accountability identified by the Galway Accountability Project, with scholarship from the Centre for Information Policy Leadership at Hunton & Williams LLP. Conceptual Privacy by Design principles (...)
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  40. Isabelle Travis (2011). 'Is Getting Well Ever An Art?': Psychopharmacology and Madness in Robert Lowell's Day by Day. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 32 (4):315-324.score: 24.0
    On the publication of Robert Lowell’s Life Studies in 1959, some critics were shocked by the poet’s use of seemingly frank autobiographical material, in particular the portrayal of his hospitalizations for bipolar disorder. During the late fifties and throughout the sixties, a rich vein, influenced by Lowell , developed in American poetry. Also during this time, the nascent science of psychopharmacology competed with and complemented the more established somatic treatments, such as psychosurgery, shock treatments, and psychoanalytical therapies. The development of (...)
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  41. Petr Cintula & Carles Noguera (2013). The Proof by Cases Property and its Variants in Structural Consequence Relations. Studia Logica 101 (4):713-747.score: 24.0
    This paper is a contribution to the study of the rôle of disjunction inAlgebraic Logic. Several kinds of (generalized) disjunctions, usually defined using a suitable variant of the proof by cases property, were introduced and extensively studied in the literature mainly in the context of finitary logics. The goals of this paper are to extend these results to all logics, to systematize the multitude of notions of disjunction (both those already considered in the literature and those introduced in this paper), (...)
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  42. Rutherford Johnson (2011). Can Educators Be Motivated by Management by Objective Systems in Academia? Journal of Academic Ethics 9 (1):1-18.score: 24.0
    The Management by Objective (MBO) system was widely discredited by the 1980s as not delivering on its promises of efficiency, worker motivation, etc. Now some universities around the world seek to employ such a system for faculty evaluation. This paper comments on the reasons the MBO was largely abandoned in the business world, provides the use of the MBO in Korean education as a case study of current use, and gives suggestions of the conditions under which the MBO or similar (...)
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  43. Roosmaryn Pilgram (2012). Reasonableness of a Doctor’s Argument by Authority: A Pragma-Dialectical Analysis of the Specific Soundness Conditions. Journal of Argumentation in Context 1 (1):33-50.score: 24.0
    Argumentation can play an important role in medical consultation. A doctor could, for instance, argue in support of a treatment advice to overcome a patient’s hesitance about it. In this argumentation, the doctor might explicitly present him- or herself as an authority, thereby presenting an argument by authority. Depending on the specific conditions under which the doctor advances such an argument, the doctor’s argument by authority can constitute a sound or a fallacious contribution to the discussion. In this paper, I (...)
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  44. Ann Cavoukian (2010). Privacy by Design: The Definitive Workshop. A Foreword by Ann Cavoukian, Ph.D. [REVIEW] Identity in the Information Society 3 (2):247-251.score: 24.0
    In November, 2009, a prominent group of privacy professionals, business leaders, information technology specialists, and academics gathered in Madrid to discuss how the next set of threats to privacy could best be addressed.The event, Privacy by Design: The Definitive Workshop, was co-hosted by my office and that of the Israeli Law, Information and Technology Authority. It marked the latest step in a journey that I began in the 1990’s, when I first focused on enlisting the support of technologies that could (...)
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  45. Peter Hustinx (2010). Privacy by Design: Delivering the Promises. [REVIEW] Identity in the Information Society 3 (2):253-255.score: 24.0
    An introductory message from Peter Hustinx, European Data Protection Supervisor, delivered at Privacy by Design: The Definitive Workshop. This presentation looks back at the origins of Privacy by Design, notably the publication of the first report on “Privacy Enhancing Technologies” by a joint team of the Information and Privacy Commissioner of Ontario, Canada and the Dutch Data Protection Authority in 1995. It looks ahead and adresses the question of how the promises of these concepts could be delivered in practice.
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  46. William Franke (2013). Apophasis as the Common Root of Radically Secular and Radically Orthodox Theologies. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 73 (1):57-76.score: 24.0
    On the one hand, we find secularized approaches to theology stemming from the Death of God movement of the 1960s, particularly as pursued by North American religious thinkers such as Thomas J.J. Altizer, Mark C. Taylor, Charles Winquist, Carl Raschke, Robert Scharlemann, and others, who stress that the possibilities for theological discourse are fundamentally altered by the new conditions of our contemporary world. Our world today, in their view, is constituted wholly on a plane of immanence, to such an extent (...)
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  47. Stanley Hauerwas (2007). The State of the University: Academic Knowledges and the Knowledge of God. Blackwell Pub..score: 24.0
    In this book, controversial and world-renowned theologian, Stanley Hauerwas, tackles the issue of theology being sidelined as a necessary discipline in the modern university. It is an attempt to reclaim the knowledge of God as just that – knowledge. Questions why theology is no longer considered a necessary subject in the modern university, and explores the role it should play in the development of our “knowledge” Considers how theology is often excluded from the knowledges of the modern university because these (...)
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  48. André Juthe (2005). Argument by Analogy. Argumentation 19 (1):1-27.score: 24.0
    ABSTRACT: In this essay I characterize arguments by analogy, which have an impor- tant role both in philosophical and everyday reasoning. Arguments by analogy are dif- ferent from ordinary inductive or deductive arguments and have their own distinct features. I try to characterize the structure and function of these arguments. It is further discussed that some arguments, which are not explicit arguments by analogy, nevertheless should be interpreted as such and not as inductive or deductive arguments. The result is that (...)
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  49. Korbinian Moeller, Elise Klein & Hans-Christoph Nuerk (2013). Influences of Cognitive Control on Numerical Cognition—Adaptation by Binding for Implicit Learning. Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (2):335-353.score: 24.0
    Recently, an associative learning account of cognitive control has been suggested (Verguts & Notebaert, 2009). In this so-called adaptation by binding theory, Hebbian learning of stimulus–stimulus and stimulus–response associations is assumed to drive the adaptation of human behavior. In this study, we evaluated the validity of the adaptation-by-binding account for the case of implicit learning of regularities within a stimulus set (i.e., the frequency of specific unit digit combinations in a two-digit number magnitude comparison task) and their association with a (...)
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  50. Russell Sandberg, Gillian Douglas, Norman Doe, Sophie Gilliat-Ray & Asma Khan (2013). Britain's Religious Tribunals: 'Joint Governance' in Practice. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 33 (2):263-291.score: 24.0
    In recent years, there have been a number of moral panics in Western societies about the existence of religious courts and tribunals in general and Shariah law in particular. In England and Wales, these concerns came to the fore following the 2008 lecture by the then Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr Rowan Williams, on ‘Civil Law and Religious Law in England’. In that lecture, Williams drew upon the work of the Canadian scholar Ayelet Shachar endorsing her concept of ‘transformative accommodation’. (...)
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