Search results for 'By Sören Häggqvist' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Peter Schaar (2010). Privacy by Design. Identity in the Information Society 3 (2):267-274.score: 24.0
    In view of rapid and dramatic technological change, it is important to take the special requirements of privacy protection into account early on, because new technological systems often contain hidden dangers which are very difficult to overcome after the basic design has been worked out. So it makes all the more sense to identify and examine possible data protection problems when designing new technology and to incorporate privacy protection into the overall design, instead of having to come up with laborious (...)
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  2. Pierrick Bourrat (2014). From Survivors to Replicators: Evolution by Natural Selection Revisited. Biology and Philosophy 29 (4):517-538.score: 24.0
    For evolution by natural selection to occur it is classically admitted that the three ingredients of variation, difference in fitness and heredity are necessary and sufficient. In this paper, I show using simple individual-based models, that evolution by natural selection can occur in populations of entities in which neither heredity nor reproduction are present. Furthermore, I demonstrate by complexifying these models that both reproduction and heredity are predictable Darwinian products (i.e. complex adaptations) of populations initially lacking these two properties but (...)
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  3. Ann Cavoukian, Scott Taylor & Martin E. Abrams (2010). Privacy by Design: Essential for Organizational Accountability and Strong Business Practices. [REVIEW] Identity in the Information Society 3 (2):405-413.score: 24.0
    An accountability-based privacy governance model is one where organizations are charged with societal objectives, such as using personal information in a manner that maintains individual autonomy and which protects individuals from social, financial and physical harms, while leaving the actual mechanisms for achieving those objectives to the organization. This paper discusses the essential elements of accountability identified by the Galway Accountability Project, with scholarship from the Centre for Information Policy Leadership at Hunton & Williams LLP. Conceptual Privacy by Design principles (...)
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  4. Isabelle Travis (2011). 'Is Getting Well Ever An Art?': Psychopharmacology and Madness in Robert Lowell's Day by Day. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 32 (4):315-324.score: 24.0
    On the publication of Robert Lowell’s Life Studies in 1959, some critics were shocked by the poet’s use of seemingly frank autobiographical material, in particular the portrayal of his hospitalizations for bipolar disorder. During the late fifties and throughout the sixties, a rich vein, influenced by Lowell , developed in American poetry. Also during this time, the nascent science of psychopharmacology competed with and complemented the more established somatic treatments, such as psychosurgery, shock treatments, and psychoanalytical therapies. The development of (...)
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  5. Petr Cintula & Carles Noguera (2013). The Proof by Cases Property and its Variants in Structural Consequence Relations. Studia Logica 101 (4):713-747.score: 24.0
    This paper is a contribution to the study of the rôle of disjunction inAlgebraic Logic. Several kinds of (generalized) disjunctions, usually defined using a suitable variant of the proof by cases property, were introduced and extensively studied in the literature mainly in the context of finitary logics. The goals of this paper are to extend these results to all logics, to systematize the multitude of notions of disjunction (both those already considered in the literature and those introduced in this paper), (...)
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  6. Rutherford Johnson (2011). Can Educators Be Motivated by Management by Objective Systems in Academia? Journal of Academic Ethics 9 (1):1-18.score: 24.0
    The Management by Objective (MBO) system was widely discredited by the 1980s as not delivering on its promises of efficiency, worker motivation, etc. Now some universities around the world seek to employ such a system for faculty evaluation. This paper comments on the reasons the MBO was largely abandoned in the business world, provides the use of the MBO in Korean education as a case study of current use, and gives suggestions of the conditions under which the MBO or similar (...)
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  7. Ann Cavoukian (2010). Privacy by Design: The Definitive Workshop. A Foreword by Ann Cavoukian, Ph.D. [REVIEW] Identity in the Information Society 3 (2):247-251.score: 24.0
    In November, 2009, a prominent group of privacy professionals, business leaders, information technology specialists, and academics gathered in Madrid to discuss how the next set of threats to privacy could best be addressed.The event, Privacy by Design: The Definitive Workshop, was co-hosted by my office and that of the Israeli Law, Information and Technology Authority. It marked the latest step in a journey that I began in the 1990’s, when I first focused on enlisting the support of technologies that could (...)
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  8. Peter Hustinx (2010). Privacy by Design: Delivering the Promises. [REVIEW] Identity in the Information Society 3 (2):253-255.score: 24.0
    An introductory message from Peter Hustinx, European Data Protection Supervisor, delivered at Privacy by Design: The Definitive Workshop. This presentation looks back at the origins of Privacy by Design, notably the publication of the first report on “Privacy Enhancing Technologies” by a joint team of the Information and Privacy Commissioner of Ontario, Canada and the Dutch Data Protection Authority in 1995. It looks ahead and adresses the question of how the promises of these concepts could be delivered in practice.
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  9. Roosmaryn Pilgram (2012). Reasonableness of a Doctor’s Argument by Authority: A Pragma-Dialectical Analysis of the Specific Soundness Conditions. Journal of Argumentation in Context 1 (1):33-50.score: 24.0
    Argumentation can play an important role in medical consultation. A doctor could, for instance, argue in support of a treatment advice to overcome a patient’s hesitance about it. In this argumentation, the doctor might explicitly present him- or herself as an authority, thereby presenting an argument by authority. Depending on the specific conditions under which the doctor advances such an argument, the doctor’s argument by authority can constitute a sound or a fallacious contribution to the discussion. In this paper, I (...)
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  10. André Juthe (2005). Argument by Analogy. Argumentation 19 (1):1-27.score: 24.0
    ABSTRACT: In this essay I characterize arguments by analogy, which have an impor- tant role both in philosophical and everyday reasoning. Arguments by analogy are dif- ferent from ordinary inductive or deductive arguments and have their own distinct features. I try to characterize the structure and function of these arguments. It is further discussed that some arguments, which are not explicit arguments by analogy, nevertheless should be interpreted as such and not as inductive or deductive arguments. The result is that (...)
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  11. Korbinian Moeller, Elise Klein & Hans-Christoph Nuerk (2013). Influences of Cognitive Control on Numerical Cognition—Adaptation by Binding for Implicit Learning. Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (2):335-353.score: 24.0
    Recently, an associative learning account of cognitive control has been suggested (Verguts & Notebaert, 2009). In this so-called adaptation by binding theory, Hebbian learning of stimulus–stimulus and stimulus–response associations is assumed to drive the adaptation of human behavior. In this study, we evaluated the validity of the adaptation-by-binding account for the case of implicit learning of regularities within a stimulus set (i.e., the frequency of specific unit digit combinations in a two-digit number magnitude comparison task) and their association with a (...)
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  12. Julie David & Marilyn Prosch (2010). Extending the Value Chain to Incorporate Privacy by Design Principles. Identity in the Information Society 3 (2):295-318.score: 24.0
    Morgan et al. (2009) examine the notion of corporate citizenship and suggest that for it to be effective companies need to minimize harm and maximize benefits through its activities and, in so doing, take account of and be responsive to a full range of stakeholders. Specifically, they call for a next generation approach to corporate citizenship that embeds structures, systems, processes and policies into and across the company’s value chain. We take this notion of corporate citizenship and apply it to (...)
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  13. John Coldron, Ben Willis & Claire Wolstenholme (2009). Selection by Attainment and Aptitude in English Secondary Schools. British Journal of Educational Studies 57 (3):245 - 264.score: 24.0
    This paper presents the findings from a study of the admission arrangements for all secondary schools in England. We sketch the history of selection, answer questions about the scale and extent of selection by attainment or aptitude including an account of partially selective schools, consider the similarity and differences between selection by aptitude and by attainment and analyse some of the issues associated with both kinds of selection.
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  14. Anders Nordgren (2013). Privacy by Design in Personal Health Monitoring. Health Care Analysis:1-17.score: 24.0
    The concept of privacy by design is becoming increasingly popular among regulators of information and communications technologies. This paper aims at analysing and discussing the ethical implications of this concept for personal health monitoring. I assume a privacy theory of restricted access and limited control. On the basis of this theory, I suggest a version of the concept of privacy by design that constitutes a middle road between what I call broad privacy by design and narrow privacy by design. The (...)
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  15. Arthur W. Apter (2011). Level by Level Inequivalence Beyond Measurability. Archive for Mathematical Logic 50 (7-8):707-712.score: 24.0
    We construct models containing exactly one supercompact cardinal in which level by level inequivalence between strong compactness and supercompactness holds. In each model, above the supercompact cardinal, there are finitely many strongly compact cardinals, and the strongly compact and measurable cardinals precisely coincide.
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  16. Mark Cauchi (2013). Otherness and the Renewal of Freedom in Jarmusch's Down by Law : A Levinasian and Arendtian Reading. Film-Philosophy 17 (1):193-211.score: 24.0
    In this essay I argue that Down by Law (Jarmusch, 1986) is about how the encounter with otherness renews freedom and American identity. I first develop the idea of renewal through otherness by way of a discussion of Levinas' philosophy of freedom and Arendt's notion natality, contrasting it with the idea of negative liberty, which I explicate through a discussion of Hobbes, Locke, Hegel, and Tocqueville. Next, I show how negative liberty is engrained in the idea of America through a (...)
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  17. Arthur W. Apter (2006). Failures of SCH and Level by Level Equivalence. Archive for Mathematical Logic 45 (7):831-838.score: 24.0
    We construct a model for the level by level equivalence between strong compactness and supercompactness in which below the least supercompact cardinal κ, there is a stationary set of cardinals on which SCH fails. In this model, the structure of the class of supercompact cardinals can be arbitrary.
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  18. Arthur W. Apter (2010). Indestructibility, Instances of Strong Compactness, and Level by Level Inequivalence. Archive for Mathematical Logic 49 (7-8):725-741.score: 24.0
    Suppose λ > κ is measurable. We show that if κ is either indestructibly supercompact or indestructibly strong, then A = {δ < κ | δ is measurable, yet δ is neither δ + strongly compact nor a limit of measurable cardinals} must be unbounded in κ. The large cardinal hypothesis on λ is necessary, as we further demonstrate by constructing via forcing two models in which ${A = \emptyset}$ . The first of these contains a supercompact cardinal κ and (...)
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  19. Arthur W. Apter (2007). Supercompactness and Level by Level Equivalence Are Compatible with Indestructibility for Strong Compactness. Archive for Mathematical Logic 46 (3-4):155-163.score: 24.0
    It is known that if $\kappa < \lambda$ are such that κ is indestructibly supercompact and λ is 2λ supercompact, then level by level equivalence between strong compactness and supercompactness fails. We prove a theorem which points towards this result being best possible. Specifically, we show that relative to the existence of a supercompact cardinal, there is a model for level by level equivalence between strong compactness and supercompactness containing a supercompact cardinal κ in which κ’s strong compactness is indestructible (...)
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  20. Fiona E. Raitt & M. Suzanne Zeedyk (2004). Mothers on Trial: Discourses of Cot Death and Munchausen's Syndrome by Proxy. [REVIEW] Feminist Legal Studies 12 (3):257-278.score: 24.0
    This article explores some of the issues raised by Munchausen’s Syndrome by Proxy (MSbP) and the relationship between medicine and law, specifically the discourses which feature in the courtroom portraying motherhood and expectations of parenting. These discourses are often hidden yet play a determining role in prosecutions for alleged maltreatment of children involving medically unexplained infant death syndrome. We offer a critique of MSbP and seek to unveil the assumptions about mothers, the parent predominantly affected by the ‘diagnosis’, and mothering (...)
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  21. Lisa M. Robins & Peter J. Kanowski (2008). PhD by Publication: A Student's Perspective. Journal of Research Practice 4 (2):Article M3.score: 24.0
    This article presents the first author's experiences as an Australian doctoral student undertaking a PhD by publication in the arena of the social sciences. She published nine articles in refereed journals and a peer-reviewed book chapter during the course of her PhD. We situate this experience in the context of current discussion about doctoral publication practices, in order to inform both postgraduate students and academics in general. The article discusses recent thinking about PhD by publication and identifies the factors that (...)
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  22. Arland Ussher (1955/1968). Journey Through Dread. New York, Biblo and Tannen.score: 24.0
    LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS Soeren Kierkegaard ... ... ... frontispiece (By permission of the Danish Royal Library) Martin Heidegger ... ... ... facing page 80 ...
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  23. San-min Wang & Petr Cintula (2008). Logics with Disjunction and Proof by Cases. Archive for Mathematical Logic 47 (5):435-446.score: 24.0
    This paper is a contribution to the general study of consequence relations which contain (definable) connective of “disjunction”. Our work is centered around the “proof by cases property”, we present several of its equivalent definitions, and show some interesting applications, namely in constructing axiomatic systems for intersections of logics and recognizing weakly implicative fuzzy logics among the weakly implicative ones.
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  24. Ian H. Witten, Bruce A. MacDonald, David L. Maulsby & Rosanna Heise (1992). Programming by Example: The Human Face of AI. [REVIEW] AI and Society 6 (2):166-180.score: 24.0
    It is argued that “human-centredness” will be an important characteristic of systems that learn tasks from human users, as the difficulties in inductive inference rule out learning without human assistance. The aim of “programming by example” is to create systems that learn how to perform tasks from their human users by being shown examples of what is to be done. Just as the user creates a learning environment for the system, so the system provides a teaching opportunity for the user, (...)
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  25. Arthur W. Apter (2005). Diamond, Square, and Level by Level Equivalence. Archive for Mathematical Logic 44 (3):387-395.score: 24.0
    We force and construct a model in which level by level equivalence between strong compactness and supercompactness holds, along with certain additional combinatorial properties. In particular, in this model, ♦ δ holds for every regular uncountable cardinal δ, and below the least supercompact cardinal κ, □ δ holds on a stationary subset of κ. There are no restrictions in our model on the structure of the class of supercompact cardinals.
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  26. Jesse Jon Bengson & Ali Mazaheri (2010). Trial-by-Trial Dynamics: A Window in Time. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4:199.score: 24.0
    Trial-by-Trial Dynamics: A Window in Time.
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  27. Pascale Hugon (2008). Arguments by Parallels in the Epistemological Works of Phya Pa Chos Kyi Seng Ge. Argumentation 22 (1):93-114.score: 24.0
    The works of the Tibetan logician Phya pa Chos kyi seng ge (1109–1169) make abundant use of a particular type of argument that I term ‘argument by parallels’. Their main characteristic is that the instigator of the argument, addressing a thesis in a domain A, introduces a parallel thesis in an unrelated domain B. And in the ensuing dialogue, each of the instigator’s statements consists in replicating his interlocutor’s previous assertion, mutatis mutandis, in the other domain (A or B). I (...)
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  28. Jukka Varelius (2007). Execution by Lethal Injection, Euthanasia, Organ-Donation and the Proper Goals of Medicine. Bioethics 21 (3):140–149.score: 21.0
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  29. N. Ben-Amots (2005). Detection of Rotation by a Local Elevator-Like Gedanken Experiment. Foundations of Physics 35 (9):1533-1542.score: 21.0
    A gedanken experiment that distinguishes locally between acceleration of rotation and linear acceleration is described and discussed.
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  30. Ivan Milic (forthcoming). 'Meaning and Normativity', by Allan Gibbard. 'Meaning and Normativity', by Allan Gibbard 5 (35):99-105.score: 21.0
    Milic-Ivan_Meaning-and-normativity-by-Allan-Gibbard2.
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  31. Leandro de Brasi (2013). Epistemological Disjunctivism, by Duncan Pritchard. Epistemological Disjunctivism, by Duncan Pritchard (Online First).score: 21.0
    de Brasi, Leandro_Epistemological Disjunctivism, by Duncan Pritchard (Online First).
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  32. Ann Cavoukian, Angus Fisher, Scott Killen & David Hoffman (2010). Remote Home Health Care Technologies: How to Ensure Privacy? Build It In: Privacy by Design. [REVIEW] Identity in the Information Society 3 (2):363-378.score: 21.0
    Current advances in connectivity, sensor technology, computing power and the development of complex algorithms for processing health-related data are paving the way for the delivery of innovative long-term health care services in the future. Such technological developments will, in particular, assist the elderly and infirm to live independently, at home, for much longer periods. The home is, in fact, becoming a locus for health care innovation that may in the future compete with the hospital. However, along with these advances come (...)
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  33. Luis Estrada-González & Claudia Olmedo-García (forthcoming). 'On the Plenitude of Truth. A Defense of Tivialism', by Paul Kabay. 'On the Plenitude of Truth. A Defense of Tivialism', by Paul Kabay 5 (35):93-98.score: 21.0
    Estrada-Gonzalez-Olmedo-Garcia_On-the-plenitude-of-truth.-A-defense-of-trivialism-by-Paul-Kabay2.
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  34. Arthur W. Apter (2005). An Easton Theorem for Level by Level Equivalence. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 51 (3):247-253.score: 21.0
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  35. A. W. Apter (2003). Failure of GCH and the Level by Level Equivalence Between Strong Compactness and Supercompactness. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 49 (6):587.score: 21.0
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  36. Edward J. Crothers (1969). Arbitrary CVC Hierarchies Learned by Paired-Component Presentations. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (2):285.score: 21.0
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  37. Donald V. DeRosa (1969). Transformations on Sets in Short-Term Memory: Set Size Reduction by Deletion. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (3):415.score: 21.0
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  38. Steven H. Schwartz (1966). Trial-by-Trial Analysis of Processes in Simple and Disjunctive Concept-Attainment Tasks. Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (3):456.score: 21.0
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  39. Arthur W. Apter (2007). Indestructibility and Level by Level Equivalence and Inequivalence. Mlq 53 (1):78-85.score: 21.0
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  40. Arthur W. Apter (2013). Indestructible Strong Compactness and Level by Level Inequivalence. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 59 (4-5):371-377.score: 21.0
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  41. A. W. Apter (2004). Level by Level Equivalence and Strong Compactness. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 50 (1):51.score: 21.0
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  42. Arthur W. Apter (2010). Tallness and Level by Level Equivalence and Inequivalence. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 56 (1):4-12.score: 21.0
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  43. Harry P. Bahrick (1969). Measurement of Memory by Prompted Recall. Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (2p1):213.score: 21.0
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  44. Francis J. DiVesta & Gary M. Ingersoll (1969). Influence of Pronounceability, Articulation, and Test Mode on Paired-Associate Learning by the Study-Recall Procedure. Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (1p1):104.score: 21.0
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  45. Allan L. Fingeret & W. J. Brogden (1973). Effect of Pattern in Display by Letters and Numerals Upon Acquisition of Serial Lists of Numbers. Journal of Experimental Psychology 98 (2):339.score: 21.0
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  46. C. S. Lewis (1995). Surprised by Joy: The Shape of My Early Life. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.score: 21.0
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  47. Edgar D. Megaw & William Armstrong (1973). Individual and Simultaneous Tracking of a Step Input by the Horizontal Saccadic Eye Movement and Manual Control Systems. Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (1):18.score: 21.0
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  48. Coleman T. Merryman (1971). Retroactive Inhibition in the A-B, A-D Paradigm as Measured by a Multiple-Choice Test. Journal of Experimental Psychology 91 (2):212-214.score: 21.0
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  49. Arthur W. Apter (2009). Indestructibility Under Adding Cohen Subsets and Level by Level Equivalence. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 55 (3):271-279.score: 21.0
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  50. Arthur W. Apter (2006). Supercompactness and Measurable Limits of Strong Cardinals II: Applications to Level by Level Equivalence. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 52 (5):457-463.score: 21.0
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