Search results for 'Byron Almén' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Byron Almén (2008). A Theory of Musical Narrative. Indiana University Press.score: 240.0
    A theory of musical narrative. An introduction to narrative analysis : Chopin's prelude in G major, op. 28, no. 3 ; Perspectives and critiques ; A theory of musical narrative : conceptual considerations ; A theory of musical narrative : analytical considerations ; Narrative and topic -- Archetypal narratives and phases. Romance narratives and Micznik's degrees of narrativity ; Tragic narratives : an extended analysis of Schubert, piano sonata in B flat major, D. 960, first movement ; Ironic narratives : (...)
     
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  2. Byron Almén (2005). Musical “Temperament”: Theorists and the Functions of Musical Analysis. Theoria 12:46.score: 240.0
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  3. Michael Byron, Morality and Evolution by Group Selection.score: 30.0
    Consider the paradox of altruism: the existence of truly altruistic behaviors is difficult to reconcile with an evolutionary theory which holds that natural selection operates only on individuals, since in that case individuals should be unwilling to sacrifice their own fitness for the sake of others. Evolutionists have frequently turned to the hypothesis of group selection to explain the existence of altruism; but, even setting aside difficulties about understanding the relationship between altruistic behaviors and morality, group selection cannot explain the (...)
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  4. Jason M. Byron (2007). Whence Philosophy of Biology? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (3):409 - 422.score: 30.0
    A consensus exists among contemporary philosophers of biology about the history of their field. According to the received view, mainstream philosophy of science in the 1930s, 40s, and 50s focused on physics and general epistemology, neglecting analyses of the 'special sciences', including biology. The subdiscipline of philosophy of biology emerged (and could only have emerged) after the decline of logical positivism in the 1960s and 70s. In this article, I present bibliometric data from four major philosophy of science journals (Erkenntnis, (...)
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  5. Michael Byron (2000). Why My Opinion Shouldn't Count: Revenge, Retribution, and the Death Penalty Debate. Journal of Social Philosophy 31 (3):307–315.score: 30.0
    The 1995 film, Dead Man Walking, concerns the life and execution of a convicted murderer in Louisiana. It is based on the experiences of Sister Helen Prejean, a Catholic nun who found herself caught up in the case. The film is not really an anti-death penalty piece: the convict’s protestations to the contrary notwithstanding, no mistaken identity or extenuating circumstances relieve the prisoner of responsibility. The viewer is told that the convict committed the brutal double rape and murder for which (...)
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  6. Michael Byron (ed.) (2004). Satisficing and Maximizing: Moral Theorists on Practical Reason. Cambridge University Press.score: 30.0
    This collection of essays explores two competing views of practical rationality. How do we think about what we plan to do? One dominant answer is that we select the best possible option available. However, a growing number of philosophers would offer a different reply. Since we are not equipped to maximize, we must often choose the next best alternative--one that is no more than satisfactory. This strategy choice is called "satisficing" (a term coined by the economist Herb Simon).
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  7. Jason M. Byron (2005). Sociobiology. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 30.0
    The term 'sociobiology' was introduced in E. O. Wilson's Sociobiology: The New Synthesis (1975) as the application of evolutionary theory to social behavior. Sociobiologists claim that many social behaviors have been shaped by natural selection for reproductive success, and they attempt to reconstruct the evolutionary histories of particular behaviors or behavioral strategies. This survey attempts to clarify and evaluate the aim of sociobiology. Given that a neutral account is impossible, this entry does the next best thing. It takes sociobiology as (...)
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  8. Michael Byron, Evolutionary Ethics and Biologically Supportable Morality.score: 30.0
    Consider the paradox of altruism: the existence of truly altruistic behaviors is difficult to reconcile with evolutionary theory if natural selection operates only on individuals, since in that case individuals should be unwilling to sacrifice their own fitness for the sake of others. Evolutionists have frequently turned to the hypothesis of group selection to explain the existence of altruism; but group selection cannot explain the evolution of morality, since morality is a one-group phenomenon and group selection is a many-group phenomenon. (...)
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  9. Michael Byron (1998). Satisficing and Optimality. Ethics 109 (1):67-93.score: 30.0
    It is common, though perhaps not correct, to think that practical rationality is strictly instrumental.1 The functions of instrumental reason include finding suitable means to our determinate ends, helping to determine our indeterminate ends, and implementing our principles in appropriate actions. One reason that might be given for adopting instrumentalism with respect to rationality might be that our best scientific evidence offers little support for the idea that our brains have powers to detect good and bad as such in persons, (...)
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  10. Jason M. Byron, On Specifying Truth-Conditions.score: 30.0
    I develop a technique for specifying truth-conditions. (This is part of a series of four closely related papers. The other three are ‘An Account of Possibility’, ‘Ontological Commitment’ and ‘An Actualist’s Guide to Quantifying-In’.).
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  11. Michael Byron, Whose Power? Which Rationality?score: 30.0
    In “Deliberation Down and Dirty,” David Estlund seeks a deeper understanding of that most American of political paradoxes: regulated free speech. To that end, he sketches a normative basis for an intuitively appealing idea. The idea is: the boundaries of civility in political expression are proportional to power’s interference with reason. That is, the more that power undermines the conditions of free and orderly political expression, the wider the scope of what should count as “civil” expression, including perhaps even violence. (...)
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  12. Jason M. Byron (2005). Adaptive Speciation: The Role of Natural Selection in Mechanisms of Geographic and Non-Geographic Speciation. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (2):303-326.score: 30.0
    Recent discussion of mechanism has suggested new approaches to several issues in the philosophy of science, including theory structure, causal explanation, and reductionism. Here, I apply what I take to be the fruits of the 'new mechanical philosophy' to an analysis of a contemporary debate in evolutionary biology about the role of natural selection in speciation. Traditional accounts of that debate focus on the geographic context of genetic divergence--namely, whether divergence in the absence of geographic isolation is possible (or significant). (...)
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  13. Michael Byron (1995). Rationality Is Not Fair. Analysis 55 (4):252 - 260.score: 30.0
    Gauthier argues in Morals by Agreement that morality is derivable from rationality. A crucial premise is that rational bargaining is procedurally fair. Gauthier defends this claim by trying to show that his principle of rational bargaining determines a fair distribution of the overall return from cooperation, including the cooperative surplus. He supports this point in part by the argument from agreement: since (1) procedurally fair principles proportion return to contribution, and since (2) every bargainer has the power to agree in (...)
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  14. Michael Byron (2005). Simon 's Revenge: Or, Incommensurability and Satisficing. Analysis 65 (288):311–315.score: 30.0
    Fifty years ago, Herbert Simon (1955, 1997) complained that the available models of rational choice were not feasible decision procedures for agents like us. These models involved variants on the theme of maximizing expected utility: the rational action for an agent is the one that is most likely to bring about outcomes that the agent prefers. Simon’s complaints about these models included the now-familiar notions that human beings do not manage probabilities well, that we have at best radically (...)
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  15. Michael Byron, Virtue and the Reductivist Challenge.score: 30.0
    In a recent paper, Philip Kitcher boldly challenges the very idea of objectivism in ethics.1 The structure of his argument is disarmingly simple: objectivist moral theories must take a certain explanatory form. If they take that form, then they fail on their own terms. Hence objectivism cannot be a satisfactory theory. Proving impossibility is a dicey matter, and Kitcher qualifies his premises and conclusions in ways that my summary misses. His arguments are nuanced, and he never states his conclusion as (...)
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  16. Michael Byron, Why My Opinion Shouldn't Count.score: 30.0
    The 1995 film, Dead Man Walking, concerns the life and execution of a convicted murderer in Louisiana. It is based on the experiences of Sister Helen Prejean, a Catholic nun who found herself caught up in the case. The film is not really an anti-death penalty piece: the convict’s protestations to the contrary notwithstanding, no mistaken identity or extenuating circumstances relieve the prisoner of responsibility. The viewer is told that the convict committed the brutal double rape and murder for which (...)
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  17. William J. Byron (1988). Twin Towers: A Philosophy and Theology of Business. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 7 (7):525 - 530.score: 30.0
    To be in business is first to be. To do in business, is to enhance one's being and the being of others; it ought never result in the diminishment of either. This article invites philosophical reflection on the purpose of business.To be and do in business looks for an explanation that goes beyond the meaning of work. The meaning of work is a worthy philosophical inquiry; the meaning of business is a separate question. The purpose of business is relational. Business (...)
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  18. Michael Byron (2005). Teaching with Tiki. Teaching Philosophy 28 (2):105-113.score: 30.0
    Many philosophy instructors came up in departments that taught in a traditional style. Our professors lectured to us while we took notes, they encouraged us to ask questions when we sought clarity on a particular point or passage, and required us to write a term paper. The model worked for graduate school, too. Some instructors encouraged more discussion in class than others. Work outside class meant reading the assigned text, talking about it with a friend, and writing the term paper (...)
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  19. Michael Byron (2002). Consequentialist Friendship and Quasi-Instrumental Goods. Utilitas 14 (02):249-.score: 30.0
    Recent literature defends consequentialism against the charge that consequentialists cannot be friends. This paper argues in rebuttal that consequentialists value friends for the wrong reasons. Even if they are motivated by love and affection, consequentialists must act as if they valued their friends as merely instrumental goods, a mode of valuing I call . I conclude by suggesting the root cause of the problem of intrinsic value for consequentialism.
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  20. Michael Byron (2010). Floridi’s Fourth Revolution and the Demise of Ethics. Knowledge, Technology and Policy 23 (1-2):135-147.score: 30.0
    Luciano Floridi has proposed that we are on the cusp of a fourth revolution in human self-understanding. The information revolution with its prospect of digitally enhancing human beings opens the door to engineering human nature. Floridi has emphasized the importance of making this transition as ethically smooth as possible. He is quite right to worry about ethics after the fourth revolution. The coming revolution, if it unfolds as he envisions, spells the demise of traditional ethical theorizing.
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  21. Michael Byron (2001). Computer-Based Introduction to Formal Logic. Teaching Philosophy 24 (3):255-278.score: 30.0
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  22. Gay L. Byron (forthcoming). Book Review: Call and Consequences: A Womanist Perspective on Mark. [REVIEW] Interpretation 65 (1):95-96.score: 30.0
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  23. Jason Byron, Meeting Report: Second ISHPSSB Off-Year Workshop.score: 30.0
    At dusk on a summer evening in Bloomington, as mosquitoes and fireflies hovered amidst a congregation of academics, the conversational volume went up as the sun (and drinks) went down. Yet nowhere among the din of voices could one hear the accusatorial phrases, ‘‘that’s not history,’’ or ‘‘is that really philosophy?’’.
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  24. William J. Byron (1989). Review. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 8 (12):950-950.score: 30.0
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  25. S. J. Byron & J. William (2010). Applying the Tradition of Catholic Social Thought to Education for Business. Journal of Catholic Social Thought 7 (1):131-144.score: 30.0
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  26. Brian Byron (1994). Christian Initiation in the Catechism of the Catholic Church. Australasian Catholic Record 71 (4):457.score: 30.0
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  27. Brian Byron (2003). Eucharist: Experience and Testimony [Book Review]. Australasian Catholic Record, The 80 (3):398.score: 30.0
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  28. Michael Byron (2012). Evidentiary Fallacies and Empirical Data. American Philosophical Quarterly 49 (2):175.score: 30.0
    The Prosecutor's Fallacy is a well-known hazard in the assessment of probabilistic evidence that can lead to faulty inferences. It is perhaps best known via its role in the assessment of DNA match evidence in courts of law. A prosecutor, call him Burger, presents DNA evidence in court that links a defendant, Crumb, to a crime. The conditional probability of a DNA match given that Crumb is not guilty, or p(M | ~G), is very low: according to Burger, one chance (...)
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  29. William J. Byron (1991). Between Church and Culture. Thought 66 (3):310-316.score: 30.0
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  30. Michael Byron (2007). Chapter Sixteen Teaching with Tiki. In Soraj Hongladarom (ed.), Computing and Philosophy in Asia. Cambridge Scholars Pub.. 231.score: 30.0
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  31. Michael Byron (2013). Goodin , Robert E. On Settling . Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2012. Pp. 114. $24.95 (Cloth). Ethics 123 (3):560-563.score: 30.0
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  32. Brian Byron (2005). Non-Explicit Allusions to the Pentateuch in the Gospel of John: Catchwords for Catechesis on Jewish Basics? Australasian Catholic Record, The 82 (3):335.score: 30.0
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  33. Donna K. Byron, Sarah BrownSchmidt & Michael K. Tanenhaus (2008). The Overlapping Distri Bution of Personal and Demonstrative Pronouns. In Jeanette K. Gundel & Nancy Ann Hedberg (eds.), Reference: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Oxford University Press. 143--175.score: 30.0
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  34. Brian Byron (1996). The Stability Necessary for a Parish Priest.[Criticism of the Practice of Appointing Priests for a Fixed Period of Time]. Australasian Catholic Record 73 (3):304.score: 30.0
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  35. Catherine Stevens & Byron & Tim (2011). Universals in Music Processing. In Susan Hallam, Ian Cross & Michael Thaut (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Music Psychology. Oup Oxford.score: 30.0
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  36. Hannah Ginsborg, Paul Guyer, J. B. Schneewind, Christine M. Korsgaard, Michael Byron, Michael Weber, Patrick Fitzgerald & Claudia Mills (1998). 10. David Braybrooke, Bryson Brown, and Peter K. Schotch, with Laura Byrne, Logic on the Track of Social Change David Braybrooke, Bryson Brown, and Peter K. Schotch, with Laura Byrne, Logic on the Track of Social Change (Pp. 190-193). [REVIEW] In Stephen Everson (ed.), Ethics. Cambridge University Press.score: 30.0
     
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  37. John & F. Byron (2001). Putting American Pragmatism to Work in the Classroom. Journal of Business Ethics 34 (3-4):317-330.score: 30.0
    The pragmatic inquiry process used in the Corporantes Pathfinder Notebook (CPN) enables students and others to discern their gifts, find purpose and direction in their lives, and seek a FIT between their values and various corporate cultures before making extensive commitments in their field of studies and their employment. Based on Peirce's theory of Pragmatism the CPN fosters investigation, interpretation, and action resulting from reflected narratives written in response to a series of questions in the CPN. The CPN was used (...)
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  38. Emotions vs Reason, M. Shelley, W. Blake, W. Wordsworth, S. T. Coleridge, G. G. Byron & P. B. Shelley (forthcoming). Module 1–“Early Romanticism and the Gothic” History. Verifiche: Rivista Trimestrale di Scienze Umane.score: 30.0
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  39. Lilla Maria Crisafulli (2012). Poetry as Thought and Action: Mazzini's Reflections on Byron. History of European Ideas 38 (3):387-398.score: 18.0
    Summary This article opens with a brief introduction to Giuseppe Mazzini, with particular reference to his commitment to republicanism, an ideal that would be fulfilled in Italy only after considerable time and with great difficulty. It then focuses on Mazzini's critical reception of Byron. Although Giuseppe Mazzini and Percy Bysshe Shelley would have allowed a more obvious comparison, it was Byron who really attracted Mazzini's attention and criticism. Mazzini uses Byron, on the one hand, as a means (...)
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  40. R. J. H. Jenkins, C. G. Brouzas & Byron (1953). Byron's Maid of Athens: Her Family and Surroundings. Journal of Hellenic Studies 73:200.score: 18.0
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  41. F. Rosen (1992). Bentham, Byron, and Greece: Constitutionalism, Nationalism, and Early Liberal Political Thought. Oxford University Press.score: 18.0
    Exploring the connection between Bentham and Byron forged by the Greek struggle for independence, this book focuses on the activities of the London Greek Committee, supposedly founded by disciples of Jeremy Bentham, which mounted the expedition on which Lord Byron ultimately met his death in Greece. Rosen's penetrating study provides a new assessment of British philhellenism and examines for the first time the relationship between Bentham's theory of constitutional government and the emerging liberalism of the 1820s. Breaking new (...)
     
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  42. Krister Bykvist (2007). Satisficing and Maximizing: Moral Theorists on Practical Reason, Edited by Michael Byron. Cambridge University Press, 2004, 245 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 23 (2):240-245.score: 15.0
  43. S. J. Papastavrou (1951). C. G. Brouzas: Byron's Maid of Athens: Her Family and Surroundings. (Philological Papers No. 7.) Pp. 65; 4 Plates. Morganstown, W.Va.: University of West Virginia, 1949. Paper. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 1 (3-4):244-245.score: 15.0
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  44. Alan H. Goldman (2008). Michael Byron (Ed.), Satisficing and Maximizing (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004), Pp. 244. Utilitas 20 (2):254-256.score: 15.0
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  45. William J. Fitzpatrick (2007). Satisficing and Maximizing: Moral Theorists on Practical Reason - Edited by Michael Byron. Philosophical Books 48 (3):281-283.score: 15.0
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  46. Peter Danielson (1992). Byron M. Roth and John D. Mullen, Decision-Making: Its Logic and Practice Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 12 (2):141-143.score: 15.0
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  47. R. J. H. Jenkins (1946). A Link Between Lord Byron and Dionysius Solomos. Journal of Hellenic Studies 66:66.score: 15.0
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  48. Ian Jobling (2002). Byron as Cad. Philosophy and Literature 26 (2):296-311.score: 15.0
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  49. Richard Lansdown (1997). Byron's Relativism. Critical Review 37:96.score: 15.0
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  50. Harold L. Odden (2010). Postcolonial Disorders. Mary‐Jo DelVecchio Good, Sandra Teresa Hyde, Sarah Pinto, and Byron Good. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. 2008. Xii+466 Pp. [REVIEW] Ethos 38 (1):1-3.score: 15.0
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