Search results for 'Byron Almén' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Byron Almén (2008). A Theory of Musical Narrative. Indiana University Press.
    A theory of musical narrative. An introduction to narrative analysis : Chopin's prelude in G major, op. 28, no. 3 ; Perspectives and critiques ; A theory of musical narrative : conceptual considerations ; A theory of musical narrative : analytical considerations ; Narrative and topic -- Archetypal narratives and phases. Romance narratives and Micznik's degrees of narrativity ; Tragic narratives : an extended analysis of Schubert, piano sonata in B flat major, D. 960, first movement ; Ironic narratives : (...)
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  2. Byron Almén (2005). Musical “Temperament”: Theorists and the Functions of Musical Analysis. Theoria 12:46.
     
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  3. Rev William J. Byron (2007). Individuarian Observations: Essays in Catholic Social Reflection. University of Scranton Press.
    The term “individuarian” describes a person who seeks leadership in service of his community—he is neither blatantly self-interested nor blindly communistic, but seeks to contribute positively to society. In _Individuarian Observations, _William J. Byron reflects on this concept and the place of individuarians in both the Catholic Church and an American society in the midst of crises and transitions. Byron’s sharp insights propose an alternative ethical model based on engaged social participants who are committed to advancing the common (...)
     
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  4. George Gordon Byron (1991). The Complete Miscellaneous Prose. Oxford University Press Uk.
    For the first time all Byron's miscellaneous prose writings are collected together, including his speeches in the House of Lords, short stories, reviews, critical articles, and Armenian translations, as well as such shorter pieces as memoranda, notes, reminiscences, and marginalia. Although some of this material has been published before - most notably in the appendices to Prothero's edition of the Letters and Journals - a considerable proportion is here published for the first time. For the first time too, the (...)
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  5.  88
    Gay L. Byron (forthcoming). Book Review: Call and Consequences: A Womanist Perspective on Mark. [REVIEW] Interpretation 65 (1):95-96.
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  6.  60
    Michael Byron (1998). Satisficing and Optimality. Ethics 109 (1):67-93.
    It is common, though perhaps not correct, to think that practical rationality is strictly instrumental.1 The functions of instrumental reason include finding suitable means to our determinate ends, helping to determine our indeterminate ends, and implementing our principles in appropriate actions. One reason that might be given for adopting instrumentalism with respect to rationality might be that our best scientific evidence offers little support for the idea that our brains have powers to detect good and bad as such in persons, (...)
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  7.  61
    Michael Byron (ed.) (2004). Satisficing and Maximizing: Moral Theorists on Practical Reason. Cambridge University Press.
    This collection of essays explores two competing views of practical rationality. How do we think about what we plan to do? One dominant answer is that we select the best possible option available. However, a growing number of philosophers would offer a different reply. Since we are not equipped to maximize, we must often choose the next best alternative--one that is no more than satisfactory. This strategy choice is called "satisficing" (a term coined by the economist Herb Simon).
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  8. Jason M. Byron (2007). Whence Philosophy of Biology? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (3):409 - 422.
    A consensus exists among contemporary philosophers of biology about the history of their field. According to the received view, mainstream philosophy of science in the 1930s, 40s, and 50s focused on physics and general epistemology, neglecting analyses of the 'special sciences', including biology. The subdiscipline of philosophy of biology emerged (and could only have emerged) after the decline of logical positivism in the 1960s and 70s. In this article, I present bibliometric data from four major philosophy of science journals (Erkenntnis, (...)
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  9.  73
    Michael Byron, Morality and Evolution by Group Selection.
    Consider the paradox of altruism: the existence of truly altruistic behaviors is difficult to reconcile with an evolutionary theory which holds that natural selection operates only on individuals, since in that case individuals should be unwilling to sacrifice their own fitness for the sake of others. Evolutionists have frequently turned to the hypothesis of group selection to explain the existence of altruism; but, even setting aside difficulties about understanding the relationship between altruistic behaviors and morality, group selection cannot explain the (...)
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  10.  67
    Michael Byron (2000). Why My Opinion Shouldn't Count: Revenge, Retribution, and the Death Penalty Debate. Journal of Social Philosophy 31 (3):307–315.
    The 1995 film, Dead Man Walking, concerns the life and execution of a convicted murderer in Louisiana. It is based on the experiences of Sister Helen Prejean, a Catholic nun who found herself caught up in the case. The film is not really an anti-death penalty piece: the convict’s protestations to the contrary notwithstanding, no mistaken identity or extenuating circumstances relieve the prisoner of responsibility. The viewer is told that the convict committed the brutal double rape and murder for which (...)
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  11.  11
    William J. Byron (1991). Between Church and Culture. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 66 (3):310-316.
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  12.  5
    M. Byron (2005). Simon's Revenge: Or, Incommensurability and Satisficing. Analysis 65 (4):311-315.
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  13.  4
    Markus Sällman Almén, Sangeet Lamichhaney, Jonas Berglund, B. Rosemary Grant, Peter R. Grant, Matthew T. Webster & Leif Andersson (2016). Adaptive Radiation of Darwin's Finches Revisited Using Whole Genome Sequencing. Bioessays 38 (1):14-20.
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  14.  33
    Michael Byron (2002). Consequentialist Friendship and Quasi-Instrumental Goods. Utilitas 14 (2):249.
    Recent literature defends consequentialism against the charge that consequentialists cannot be friends. This paper argues in rebuttal that consequentialists value friends for the wrong reasons. Even if they are motivated by love and affection, consequentialists must act as if they valued their friends as merely instrumental goods, a mode of valuing I call. I conclude by suggesting the root cause of the problem of intrinsic value for consequentialism.
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  15. Hannah Ginsborg, Paul Guyer, J. B. Schneewind, Christine M. Korsgaard, Michael Byron, Michael Weber, Patrick Fitzgerald & Claudia Mills (1998). 10. David Braybrooke, Bryson Brown, and Peter K. Schotch, with Laura Byrne, Logic on the Track of Social Change David Braybrooke, Bryson Brown, and Peter K. Schotch, with Laura Byrne, Logic on the Track of Social Change (Pp. 190-193). [REVIEW] In Stephen Everson (ed.), Ethics. Cambridge University Press
     
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  16.  58
    Michael Byron (1995). Rationality Is Not Fair. Analysis 55 (4):252 - 260.
    Gauthier argues in Morals by Agreement that morality is derivable from rationality. A crucial premise is that rational bargaining is procedurally fair. Gauthier defends this claim by trying to show that his principle of rational bargaining determines a fair distribution of the overall return from cooperation, including the cooperative surplus. He supports this point in part by the argument from agreement: since (1) procedurally fair principles proportion return to contribution, and since (2) every bargainer has the power to agree in (...)
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  17.  8
    Michael Byron (2014). Right-Making, Reference, and Reduction. Disputatio 6:139-145.
    The causal theory of reference (CTR) provides a well-articulated and widely-accepted account of the reference relation. On CTR the reference of a term is fixed by whatever property causally regulates the competent use of that term. CTR poses a metaethical challenge to realists by demanding an account of the properties that regulate the competent use of normative predicates. CTR might pose a challenge to ethical theorists as well. Long argues that CTR entails the falsity of any normative ethical theory. First-order (...)
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  18.  13
    William J. Byron (1988). Twin Towers: A Philosophy and Theology of Business. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 7 (7):525 - 530.
    To be in business is first to be. To do in business, is to enhance one's being and the being of others; it ought never result in the diminishment of either. This article invites philosophical reflection on the purpose of business.To be and do in business looks for an explanation that goes beyond the meaning of work. The meaning of work is a worthy philosophical inquiry; the meaning of business is a separate question. The purpose of business is relational. Business (...)
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  19.  40
    Jason M. Byron (2005). Adaptive Speciation: The Role of Natural Selection in Mechanisms of Geographic and Non-Geographic Speciation. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (2):303-326.
    Recent discussion of mechanism has suggested new approaches to several issues in the philosophy of science, including theory structure, causal explanation, and reductionism. Here, I apply what I take to be the fruits of the 'new mechanical philosophy' to an analysis of a contemporary debate in evolutionary biology about the role of natural selection in speciation. Traditional accounts of that debate focus on the geographic context of genetic divergence--namely, whether divergence in the absence of geographic isolation is possible (or significant). (...)
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  20.  11
    S. J. Byron & J. William (2010). Applying the Tradition of Catholic Social Thought to Education for Business. Journal of Catholic Social Thought 7 (1):131-144.
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  21. Jason M. Byron (2005). Sociobiology. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The term 'sociobiology' was introduced in E. O. Wilson's Sociobiology: The New Synthesis (1975) as the application of evolutionary theory to social behavior. Sociobiologists claim that many social behaviors have been shaped by natural selection for reproductive success, and they attempt to reconstruct the evolutionary histories of particular behaviors or behavioral strategies. This survey attempts to clarify and evaluate the aim of sociobiology. Given that a neutral account is impossible, this entry does the next best thing. It takes sociobiology as (...)
     
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  22.  35
    Michael Byron (2005). Simon 's Revenge: Or, Incommensurability and Satisficing. Analysis 65 (288):311–315.
    Fifty years ago, Herbert Simon complained that the available models of rational choice were not feasible decision procedures for agents like us. These models involved variants on the theme of maximizing expected utility: the rational action for an agent is the one that is most likely to bring about outcomes that the agent prefers. Simon ’s complaints about these models included the now-familiar notions that human beings do not manage probabilities well, that we have at best radically incomplete utility functions, (...)
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  23.  14
    Michael Byron (2000). Virtue and the Reductivist Challenge. Contemporary Philosophy 22:34-41.
    In a recent paper, Philip Kitcher boldly challenges the very idea of objectivism in ethics.1 The structure of his argument is disarmingly simple: objectivist moral theories must take a certain explanatory form. If they take that form, then they fail on their own terms. Hence objectivism cannot be a satisfactory theory. Proving impossibility is a dicey matter, and Kitcher qualifies his premises and conclusions in ways that my summary misses. His arguments are nuanced, and he never states his conclusion as (...)
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  24.  10
    Michael Byron (2012). Evidentiary Fallacies and Empirical Data. American Philosophical Quarterly 49 (2):175.
    The Prosecutor's Fallacy is a well-known hazard in the assessment of probabilistic evidence that can lead to faulty inferences. It is perhaps best known via its role in the assessment of DNA match evidence in courts of law. A prosecutor, call him Burger, presents DNA evidence in court that links a defendant, Crumb, to a crime. The conditional probability of a DNA match given that Crumb is not guilty, or p(M | ~G), is very low: according to Burger, one chance (...)
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  25.  35
    Jason M. Byron, On Specifying Truth-Conditions.
    I develop a technique for specifying truth-conditions.
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  26.  28
    Michael Byron, Evolutionary Ethics and Biologically Supportable Morality. Proceedings of Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy, PAIDEIA: Philosophy Educating Humanity.
    Consider the paradox of altruism: the existence of truly altruistic behaviors is difficult to reconcile with evolutionary theory if natural selection operates only on individuals, since in that case individuals should be unwilling to sacrifice their own fitness for the sake of others. Evolutionists have frequently turned to the hypothesis of group selection to explain the existence of altruism; but group selection cannot explain the evolution of morality, since morality is a one-group phenomenon and group selection is a many-group phenomenon. (...)
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  27.  14
    Michael Byron (2010). Floridi’s Fourth Revolution and the Demise of Ethics. Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (1-2):135-147.
    Luciano Floridi has proposed that we are on the cusp of a fourth revolution in human self-understanding. The information revolution with its prospect of digitally enhancing human beings opens the door to engineering human nature. Floridi has emphasized the importance of making this transition as ethically smooth as possible. He is quite right to worry about ethics after the fourth revolution. The coming revolution, if it unfolds as he envisions, spells the demise of traditional ethical theorizing.
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  28.  19
    Michael Byron (2001). Whose Power? Which Rationality? In Thomas R. Hensley (ed.), The Boundaries of Freedom of Expression and Order in American Democracy. Kent State University Press 68-71.
    In “Deliberation Down and Dirty,” David Estlund seeks a deeper understanding of that most American of political paradoxes: regulated free speech. To that end, he sketches a normative basis for an intuitively appealing idea. The idea is: the boundaries of civility in political expression are proportional to power’s interference with reason. That is, the more that power undermines the conditions of free and orderly political expression, the wider the scope of what should count as “civil” expression, including perhaps even violence. (...)
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  29.  15
    Michael Byron (2005). Teaching with Tiki. Teaching Philosophy 28 (2):105-113.
    Many philosophy instructors came up in departments that taught in a traditional style. Our professors lectured to us while we took notes, they encouraged us to ask questions when we sought clarity on a particular point or passage, and required us to write a term paper. The model worked for graduate school, too. Some instructors encouraged more discussion in class than others. Work outside class meant reading the assigned text, talking about it with a friend, and writing the term paper (...)
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  30.  1
    J. M. Byron (2007). Whence Philosophy of Biology? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (3):409-422.
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  31.  8
    William J. Byron (1989). Review. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 8 (12):950-950.
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  32.  6
    Michael Byron (2001). Computer-Based Introduction to Formal Logic. Teaching Philosophy 24 (3):255-278.
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  33.  10
    Michael Byron (2000). Why My Opinion Shouldn't Count. Journal of Social Philosophy 31 (3):307-315.
    The 1995 film, Dead Man Walking, concerns the life and execution of a convicted murderer in Louisiana. It is based on the experiences of Sister Helen Prejean, a Catholic nun who found herself caught up in the case. The film is not really an anti-death penalty piece: the convict’s protestations to the contrary notwithstanding, no mistaken identity or extenuating circumstances relieve the prisoner of responsibility. The viewer is told that the convict committed the brutal double rape and murder for which (...)
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  34.  2
    Brian Byron (1996). The Stability Necessary for a Parish Priest.[Criticism of the Practice of Appointing Priests for a Fixed Period of Time]. The Australasian Catholic Record 73 (3):304.
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  35.  1
    Michael Byron (2009). Human Rights: A Modest Proposal. Etica E Politica 11 (1):470-494.
    Human rights have become an enormously useful tool in our time, and this for a variety of reasons. Useful, yes: but are rights real? I propose first to examine the most significant philosophical attempts to justify human rights. A universally justified conception of rights I call ‘robust,’ since a successful rational justification would fully underwrite the real existence of rights. Alas, we have no such justification; the second part of my remarks sketches devastating objections to each proposed justification. But all (...)
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  36.  1
    Michael Byron (2013). Goodin, Robert E.On Settling. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2012. Pp. 114. $24.95. Ethics 123 (3):560-563.
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  37.  1
    Brian Byron (1994). Christian Initiation in the Catechism of the Catholic Church. The Australasian Catholic Record 71 (4):457.
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  38. Jason Byron, Meeting Report: Second ISHPSSB Off-Year Workshop.
    At dusk on a summer evening in Bloomington, as mosquitoes and fireflies hovered amidst a congregation of academics, the conversational volume went up as the sun (and drinks) went down. Yet nowhere among the din of voices could one hear the accusatorial phrases, ‘‘that’s not history,’’ or ‘‘is that really philosophy?’’.
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  39.  1
    Brian Byron (2003). Eucharist: Experience and Testimony [Book Review]. The Australasian Catholic Record 80 (3):398.
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  40. Michael Byron (2007). Chapter Sixteen Teaching with Tiki. In Soraj Hongladarom (ed.), Computing and Philosophy in Asia. Cambridge Scholars Pub. 231.
     
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  41. Michael Byron (2014). Drawing Morals: Essays in Ethical Theory. [REVIEW] Journal of Moral Philosophy 11 (2):261-264.
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  42. Michael Byron (2010). Floridi’s Fourth Revolution and the Demise of Ethics. Knowledge, Technology and Policy 23 (1-2):135-147.
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  43. Brian Byron (2005). Non-Explicit Allusions to the Pentateuch in the Gospel of John: Catchwords for Catechesis on Jewish Basics? The Australasian Catholic Record 82 (3):335.
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  44. Michael Byron (ed.) (2006). Satisficing and Maximizing: Moral Theorists on Practical Reason. Cambridge University Press.
    How do we think about what we plan to do? One dominant answer is that we select the best possible option available. However, a growing number of philosophers would offer a different answer: since we are not equipped to maximize we often choose the next best alternative, one that is no more than satisfactory. This strategy choice is called satisficing. This collection of essays explores both these accounts of practical reason, examining the consequences for adopting one or the other for (...)
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  45. Michael Byron (ed.) (2009). Satisficing and Maximizing: Moral Theorists on Practical Reason. Cambridge University Press.
    How do we think about what we plan to do? One dominant answer is that we select the best possible option available. However, a growing number of philosophers would offer a different answer: since we are not equipped to maximize we often choose the next best alternative, one that is no more than satisfactory. This strategy choice is called satisficing. This collection of essays explores both these accounts of practical reason, examining the consequences for adopting one or the other for (...)
     
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  46.  4
    Michael Byron (2015). Submission and Subjection in Leviathan: Good Subjects in the Hobbesian Commonwealth. Palgrave Macmillan.
    In Leviathan, Thomas Hobbes famously characterizes the state of nature as a predicament in which life is “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.” The only means of escape from that dire condition is to found the commonwealth, with its notorious sovereign. Hobbes invests the sovereign with virtually absolute power over the poor subjects of the commonwealth, and that vast and unlimited sovereign has drawn the reader’s eye for 350 years. -/- Yet Hobbes has a great deal to say about subjects (...)
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  47. Brian Byron (1971). The Brother or Sister is Not Bound. New Blackfriars 52 (618):514-521.
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  48. Donna K. Byron, Sarah BrownSchmidt & Michael K. Tanenhaus (2008). The Overlapping Distri Bution of Personal and Demonstrative Pronouns. In Jeanette K. Gundel & Nancy Ann Hedberg (eds.), Reference: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Oxford University Press 143--175.
     
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  49. Catherine Stevens & Byron & Tim (2011). Universals in Music Processing. In Susan Hallam, Ian Cross & Michael Thaut (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Music Psychology. OUP Oxford
     
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  50. Emotions vs Reason, M. Shelley, W. Blake, W. Wordsworth, S. T. Coleridge, G. G. Byron & P. B. Shelley (forthcoming). Module 1–“Early Romanticism and the Gothic” History. Verifiche: Rivista Trimestrale di Scienze Umane.
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