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  1. Craig Duncan, Democratic Liberalism:The Politics of Dignity.
    (a chapter from my book Libertarianism:For and Against).
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  2. Craig Duncan, The Moral Foundations of the Non-Scriptural State.
    In the fall of 1998 Trent Lott used his power as Senate Majority Leader to prevent the confirmation of James C. Hormel, an openly gay San Francisco philanthropist who was then President Clinton’s nominee for Ambassador to Luxembourg.[2] Mr. Lott made it clear that his opposition to Hormel was based on his opposition to homosexuality in general. Asked by a television interviewer during the controversy whether homosexuality is a sin, Mr. Lott answered "Yes, it is"; he went on to compare (...)
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  3. Craig Duncan, If God's Not a Liberal, Why Should I Be?
    In the pages of philosophy journals debate rages these days between "political" and "comprehensive liberals," a debate inaugurated by John Rawls’s seminal 1985 paper entitled "Justice as Fairness: Political not Metaphysical," from which the above quotation is drawn. As the quotation suggests, a political liberal is someone who believes that liberal justice should be defined and defended in terms that are independent of "comprehensive" philosophical and religious doctrines, that is, independent of doctrines that purport to describe, in some comprehensive way, (...)
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  4. Craig Duncan, By.
    In a recent article Martha Nussbaum identified three problems with the Stoic doctrine of respect for dignity: its exclusive focus on specifically human dignity, its indifference to the need for external goods, and its ineffectiveness as a moral motive. This article formulates a non-Stoic doctrine of respect for dignity that avoids these problems. I argue that this doctrine helps us to understand such moral phenomena as the dignity of nonhuman animals as well as the core human values of life, freedom, (...)
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  5. Craig Duncan, Torture: Foolish and Wrong.
    In all likelihood, the Bush Administration’s aim is to continue abusive interrogation methods that on any reasonable definition amount to torture (methods such as waterboarding,” for example, in which a detainee is laid on his back and choked with water until he believes he is drowning). This new law, however, is both foolish and immoral: foolish, because torture won’t make Americans safer; and immoral, because torture is the grossest of affronts to human dignity.
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  6. Craig Duncan (2013). Religion and Secular Utility: Happiness, Truth, and Pragmatic Arguments for Theistic Belief. Philosophy Compass 8 (4):381-399.
  7. Peppi Koivunen, Sungwoo Lee, Christopher G. Duncan, Giselle Lopez, Gang Lu, Shakti Ramkissoon, Julie A. Losman, Päivi Joensuu, Ulrich Bergmann & Stefan Gross (2012). Transformation by the (R)-Enantiomer of 2-Hydroxyglutarate Linked to EGLN Activation. In Jeffrey Kastner (ed.), Nature. Mit Press. 484-488.
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  8. Craig Duncan (2010). Review of Jan Narveson, This is Ethical Theory. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (6).
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  9. Craig Duncan (2010). Recent Texts in the Philosophy of Religion. Teaching Philosophy 33 (2):187-200.
    The philosophy of religion has enjoyed a resurgence in recent years. This is fortunate, for it is a rewarding area in which to research and teach. The complexity of the metaphysical and epistemological ideas relevant to the philosophy of religion, however, can pose a challenge for instructors. Fortunately, the resurgence of activity in the field has brought with it an increase in the number of texts that aim to render these complex ideas accessible to students. In order to assist instructors (...)
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  10. C. Duncan (2008). Review: Jeff Jordan: Pascal's Wager: Pragmatic Arguments and Belief in God. [REVIEW] Mind 117 (468):1082-1086.
  11. Craig Duncan (2007). The Persecutor's Wager. Philosophical Review 116 (1):1-50.
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  12. Craig Duncan, Tibor R. Machan & Martha Nussbaum (2005). Libertarianism: For and Against. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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  13. Carl Duncan (2003). The Creative and Revolutionary Nature of Desire. Philosophy Today 47 (2):205-217.
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  14. Craig Duncan (2003). Do Vague Probabilities Really Scotch Pascal's Wager? Philosophical Studies 112 (3):279 - 290.
    Alan Hájek has recently argued that certain assignments of vague probability defeat Pascals Wager. In particular, he argues that skeptical agnostics – those whose probability for God''s existence is vague over an interval containing zero – have nothing to fear from Pascal. In this paper, I make two arguments against Hájek: (1) that skeptical agnosticism is a form of dogmatism, and as such should be rejected; (2) that in any case, choice situations with vague probability assignments ought to be treated (...)
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  15. Susan Scott & C. J. Duncan (1999). Nutrition, Fertility and Steady-State Population Dynamics in a Pre-Industrial Community in Penrith, Northern England. Journal of Biosocial Science 31 (4):505-523.
    The effect of nutrition on fertility and its contribution thereby to population dynamics are assessed in three social groups (elite, tradesmen and subsistence) in a marginal, pre-industrial population in northern England. This community was particularly susceptible to fluctuations in the price of grains, which formed their basic foodstuff. The subsistence class, who formed the largest part of the population, had low levels of fertility and small family sizes, but women from all social groups had a characteristic and marked subfecundity in (...)
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  16. Susan Scott & C. J. Duncan (1999). Reproductive Strategies and Sex-Biased Investment. Human Nature 10 (1):85-108.
    Sex-biased investment in children has been explored in a historic population in northern England, 1600 to 1800, following a family reconstitution study. An examination of the wills and other available data identified three social groups: the elite, tradesmen, and subsistence farmers. The community lived under marginal conditions with poor and fluctuating levels of nutrition; infant and child mortalities were high. Clear differences were found between the social groups, and it is suggested that the elite wetnursed their daughters whereas the elite (...)
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  17. Carol Duncan (1998). 12 The MoMA's Hot Mamas. In Carolyn Korsmeyer (ed.), Aesthetics: The Big Questions. Blackwell Publishers. 2--115.
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  18. Susan Scott, S. R. Duncan & C. J. Duncan (1998). The Interacting Effects of Prices and Weather on Population Cycles in a Preindustrial Community. Journal of Biosocial Science 30 (1):15-32.
    The exogenous cycles and population dynamics of the community at Penrith, Cumbria, England, have been studied (1557-1812) using aggregative analysis, family reconstitution and time series analysis. This community was living under marginal conditions for the first 200 years and the evidence presented is of a homeostatic regime where famine, malnutrition and epidemic disease acted to regulate the balance between resources and population size. This provides an ideal historic population for an investigation of the direct and indirect effects of malnutrition. Throughout (...)
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  19. Susan Scott & C. J. Duncan (1997). Interacting Factors Affecting Illegitimacy in Preindustrial Northern England. Journal of Biosocial Science 29 (2):151-169.
    Illegitimacy in a historic, single community at Penrith, Cumbria (1557–1812), has been studied using aggregative analysis, family reconstitution and time series analysis. This population was living under extreme conditions of hardship. Long, medium and short wavelength cycles in the rate of illegitimacy have been identified by time series analysis; each represents a different response to social and economic pressures. In a complex interaction of events, the peaks of the cycles in wheat prices were associated with rises in adult mortality which (...)
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  20. S. Traore, E. Voland, R. I. Dunbar, C. Z. Guilmoto, K. B. Newbold, G. M. Nunez-Rocha, M. Bullen-Navarro, B. C. Castillo-Trevino, E. Solis-Perez & C. R. Duncan (1997). [Professional Integration in a West African Urban Environment]. Journal of Biosocial Science 29 (3):251-65.
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  21. Comer Duncan (1982). A Course on the Philosophy and Physics of Space and Time. Teaching Philosophy 5 (2):109-116.
  22. Carl P. Duncan (1978). Frequency of Authorship in the Journal of Experimental Psychology. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 12 (2):165-165.
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  23. Carl P. Duncan (1977). Effects of Frequency on Retrieval From a Semantic Category. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 10 (1):57-59.
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  24. Carl P. Duncan (1975). Prodded Retrieval From a Semantic Category. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 6 (1):61-62.
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  25. Carl P. Duncan (1974). Retrieval of Low-Frequency Words From Mixed Lists. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 4 (2):137-138.
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  26. Carl P. Duncan (1974). Word Frequency in Problem Solving. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 4 (2):93-94.
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  27. Winfred F. Hill, John W. Cotton, Norman E. Spear & Carl P. Duncan (1969). Retention of T-Maze Learning After Varying Intervals Following Partial and Continuous Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (3p1):584.
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  28. Carl P. Duncan (1963). Effect of Instructions and Information on Problem Solving. Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (4):321.
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  29. I. David Isaacs & Carl P. Duncan (1962). Reversal and Nonreversal Shifts Within and Between Dimensions in Concept Formation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (6):580.
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  30. Donald J. Lewis & Carl P. Duncan (1961). Effects of Variable Magnitude of Reward on a Lever-Pulling Response. Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (2):203.
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  31. Carl P. Duncan (1960). Effect of Self-Satiation on Perceived Size of a Visual Figure. Journal of Experimental Psychology 60 (2):130.
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  32. John P. Charles & Carl P. Duncan (1959). The Distance Gradient in Kinesthetic Figural Aftereffect. Journal of Experimental Psychology 57 (3):164.
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  33. Ruthanne K. S. Dewolfe & Carl P. Duncan (1959). Time Estimation as a Function of Level of Behavior of Successive Tasks. Journal of Experimental Psychology 58 (2):153.
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  34. Judith E. Dinner & Carl P. Duncan (1959). Warm-Up in Retention as a Function of Degree of Verbal Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 57 (4):257.
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  35. Carl P. Duncan (1958). Transfer After Training with Single Versus Multiple Tasks. Journal of Experimental Psychology 55 (1):63.
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  36. Donald J. Lewis & Carl P. Duncan (1958). Expectation and Resistance to Extinction of a Lever-Pulling Response as a Function of Percentage of Reinforcement and Number of Acquisition Trials. Journal of Experimental Psychology 55 (2):121.
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  37. Donald J. Lewis & Carl P. Duncan (1957). Expectation and Resistance to Extinction of a Lever-Pulling Response as Functions of Percentage of Reinforcement and Amount of Reward. Journal of Experimental Psychology 54 (2):115.
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  38. John C. Jahnke & Carl P. Duncan (1956). Reminiscence and Forgetting in Motor Learning After Extended Rest Intervals. Journal of Experimental Psychology 52 (5):273.
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  39. Donald J. Lewis & Carl P. Duncan (1956). Effect of Different Percentages of Money Reward on Extinction of a Lever-Pulling Response. Journal of Experimental Psychology 52 (1):23.
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  40. Carl P. Duncan (1955). Development of Response Generalization Gradients. Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (1):26.
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  41. John A. Starkweather & Carl P. Duncan (1954). A Test for Conditioned Inhibition in Motor Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 47 (5):351.
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  42. Carl P. Duncan (1953). Transfer in Motor Learning as a Function of Degree of First-Task Learning and Inter-Task Similarity. Journal of Experimental Psychology 45 (1):1.
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  43. Carl P. Duncan & Benton J. Underwood (1953). Retention of Transfer in Motor Learning After Twenty-Four Hours and After Fourteen Months. Journal of Experimental Psychology 46 (6):445.
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  44. Lyman W. Porter & Carl P. Duncan (1953). Negative Transfer in Verbal Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 46 (1):61.
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  45. Henry B. Loess & Carl P. Duncan (1952). Human Discrimination Learning with Simultaneous and Successive Presentation of Stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (3):215.
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  46. Marty Rockway & Carl P. Duncan (1952). Pre-Recall Warming-Up in Verbal Retention. Journal of Experimental Psychology 43 (4):305.
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  47. Carl P. Duncan (1951). The Effect of Unequal Amounts of Practice on Motor Learning Before and After Rest. Journal of Experimental Psychology 42 (4):257.
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  48. Richard N. Berry, Lorrin A. Riggs & Carl P. Duncan (1950). The Relation of Vernier and Depth Discriminations to Field Brightness. Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (3):349.
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  49. Carl P. Duncan (1950). The Action of Various After-Effects on Response Repetition. Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (3):380.
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  50. C. P. Duncan (1945). The Effect of Electroshock Convulsions on the Maze Habit in the White Rat. Journal of Experimental Psychology 35 (4):267.
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