Search results for 'Caleb Everett' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Caleb Everett & Keren Madora (2012). Quantity Recognition Among Speakers of an Anumeric Language. Cognitive Science 36 (1):130-141.score: 240.0
    Recent research has suggested that the Pirahã, an Amazonian tribe with a number-less language, are able to match quantities > 3 if the matching task does not require recall or spatial transposition. This finding contravenes previous work among the Pirahã. In this study, we re-tested the Pirahãs’ performance in the crucial one-to-one matching task utilized in the two previous studies on their numerical cognition, as well as in control tasks requiring recall and mental transposition. We also conducted a novel quantity (...)
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  2. Anthony Everett (2013). The Nonexistent. Oup Oxford.score: 60.0
    Anthony Everett gives a philosophical defence of the common-sense view that there are no such things as fictional people, places, and things. He argues that our talk and thought about such fictional objects takes place within the scope of a pretense, and that we gain little but lose much by accepting fictional realism.
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  3. Anthony Everett (2003). Empty Names and `Gappy' Propositions. Philosophical Studies 116 (1):1-36.score: 30.0
    In recent years a number of authors sympathetic to Referentialistaccounts of proper names have argued that utterances containingempty names express `gappy,' or incomplete, propositions. In this paper I want to take issue with this suggestion.In particular, I argue versions of this approach developedby David Braun, Nathan Salmon, Ken Taylor, and by Fred Adams,Gary Fuller, and Robert Stecker.
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  4. Anthony Everett (2005). Recent Defenses of Descriptivism. Mind and Language 20 (1):103–139.score: 30.0
    David Sosa, Michael Nelson, and Jason Stanley have recently offered a series of interesting and provocative challenges to Kripke's modal arguments against Descriptivism. In this paper I explore these challenges and some of the issues to which they give rise. I argue that, in the end, all three challenges fail.
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  5. Theodore J. Everett (2001). The Rationality of Science and the Rationality of Faith. Journal of Philosophy 98 (1):19-42.score: 30.0
    Why is science so rare and faith so common in human history? Traditional cultures persist because it is subjectively rational for each maturing child to defer to the unanimous beliefs of his elders, regardless of any personal doubts. Science is possible only when individuals promote new theories (which will probably be proven false) and forgo the epistemic advantages of accepting established views (which are more likely to be true). Hence, progressive science progress must rely upon the epistemic altruism of experimental (...)
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  6. Anthony Everett (2007). Pretense, Existence, and Fictional Objects. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74 (1):56–80.score: 30.0
    There has recently been considerable interest in accounts of fiction which treat fictional characters as abstract objects. In this paper I argue against this view. More precisely I argue that such accounts are unable to accommodate our intuitions that fictional negative existentials such as “Raskolnikov doesn’t exist” are true. I offer a general argument to this effect and then consider, but reject, some of the accounts of fictional negative existentials offered by abstract object theorists. I then note that some of (...)
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  7. Anthony Everett (2005). Against Fictional Realism. Journal of Philosophy 102 (12):624 - 649.score: 30.0
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  8. Anthony Everett (2009). Intrinsic Finks, Masks, and Mimics. Erkenntnis 71 (2):191 - 203.score: 30.0
    I argue for the existence of intrinsic Finks, Masks, and Mimics, and argue that these undermine certain recent attempts to revive simple conditional analyses of dispositions. I present some examples of intrinsic Finks, Masks, and Mimics, and argue that the example of an intrinsic fink I present has certain advantages over the examples of intrinsic finks recently suggested by Randolph Clarke. I conclude that the existence of such Finks, Masks, and Mimics, undermine a recent attempt by Sungho Choi to distinguish (...)
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  9. Anthony Everett (1996). Qualia and Vagueness. Synthese 106 (2):205-226.score: 30.0
    In this paper I present two arguments against the thesis that we experience qualia. I argue that if we experienced qualia then these qualia would have to be essentially vague entities. And I then offer two arguments, one a reworking of Gareth Evans' argument against the possibility of vague objects, the other a reworking of the Sorites argument, to show that no such essentially vague entities can exist. I consider various objections but argue that ultimately they all fail. In particular (...)
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  10. Anthony Everett (2007). Review of Alberto Voltolini, How Ficta Follow Fiction: A Syncretistic Account of Fictional Entities. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (11).score: 30.0
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  11. Anthony Everett (2011). Review of Scott Soames, What is Meaning?. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2011 (1).score: 30.0
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  12. Theodore J. Everett (2006). Antiskeptical Conditionals. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73 (3):505–536.score: 30.0
    Empirical knowledge exists in the form of antiskeptical conditionals, which are propositions like [if I am not undetectably deceived, then I am holding a pen]. Such conditionals, despite their trivial appearance, have the same essential content as the categorical propositions that we usually discuss, and can serve the same functions in science and practical reasoning. This paper sketches out two versions of a general response to skepticism that employs these conditionals. The first says that our ordinary knowledge attributions can safely (...)
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  13. Theodore J. Everett (forthcoming). Peer Disagreement and Two Principles of Rational Belief. Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-14.score: 30.0
    This paper presents a new solution to the problem of peer disagreement that distinguishes two principles of rational belief, here called probability and autonomy. When we discover that we disagree with peers, there is one sense in which we rationally ought to suspend belief, and another in which we rationally ought to retain our original belief. In the first sense, we aim to believe what is most probably true according to our total evidence, including testimony from peers and authorities. In (...)
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  14. Theodore J. Everett (2000). Other Voices, Other Minds. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 78 (2):213-222.score: 30.0
    Solipsism can be refuted along fairly traditional, internalist lines, by means of a second-order induction. We are justified in believing in other minds, because other people tell us that they have minds, and we have good inductive reason to believe that whatever certain others say is likely to be true. This simple argument is sound, the author argues, even though we are in no prior position to believe that other thinking people exist as such, or that the sounds they make (...)
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  15. Anthony Everett (2013). Disquotationalism, Reference, and Object Dependence. Philosophical Studies 165 (3):939-955.score: 30.0
    In this paper I consider whether disquotationalist accounts of reference can accommodate our intuitions concerning reference. I argue that, if our intuitions are to be satisfactorily accommodated, the disquotationalist must regard the semantic content of a referring singular term as depending upon the object which is the intuitive referent of that singular term. Granted this, however, the way then looks open for the inflationist about reference to simply identify the object dependence relation with the reference relation. I consider how damaging (...)
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  16. Jennifer Everett (2001). Environmental Ethics, Animal Welfarism, and the Problem of Predation: A Bambi Lover's Respect for Nature. Ethics and the Environment 6 (1):42-67.score: 30.0
    : Many environmentalists criticize as unecological the emphasis that animal liberationists and animal rights theorists place on preventing animal suffering. The strong form of their objection holds that both theories ab-surdly entail a duty to intervene in wild predation. The weak form holds that animal welfarists must at least regard predation as bad, and that this stance reflects an arrogance toward nature that true environmentalists should reject. This paper disputes both versions of the predation critique. Animal welfarists are not committed (...)
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  17. Alain Morin & Jennifer Everett (1990). Inner Speech as a Mediator of Self-Awareness, Self-Consciousness, and Self-Knowledge: An Hypothesis. New Ideas in Psychology 8 (3):337-56.score: 30.0
  18. Theodore J. Everett (2002). Analyticity Without Synonymy in Simple Comparative Logic. Synthese 130 (2):303 - 315.score: 30.0
    In this paper I provide some formal schemas for the analysis of vague predicates in terms of a set of semantic relations other than classical synonymy, including weak synonymy (as between "large" and "huge"), antonymy (as between "large" and "small"), relativity (as between "large" and "large for a dog"), and a kind of supervenience (as between "large" and "wide" or "long"). All of these relations are representable in the simple comparative logic CL, in accordance with the basic formula: the more (...)
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  19. A. Everett (2011). Fiction and Fictionalism * BY RICHARD M. SAINSBURY. Analysis 71 (4):779-780.score: 30.0
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  20. Anthony Everett (2002). Predelli on Procrastination. Analysis 62 (2):160–166.score: 30.0
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  21. Theodore J. Everett (2000). A Simple Logic for Comparisons and Vagueness. Synthese 123 (2):263-278.score: 30.0
    I provide an intuitive, semantic account of a new logic forcomparisons (CL), in which atomic statements are assigned both aclassical truth-value and a ``how much'''' value or extension in the range [0, 1]. The truth-value of each comparison is determinedby the extensions of its component sentences; the truth-value ofeach atomic depends on whether its extension matches a separatestandard for its predicate; everything else is computed classically. CL is less radical than Casari''s comparative logics, in that it does not allow for (...)
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  22. Alain Morin & James Everett (1991). Self-Awareness and Introspective Private Speech in 6-Year-Old Children. Psychological Reports 68:1299-1306.score: 30.0
    Sttrrtmory.— It has been suggested recently that self-awareness is cognitively mediated by inner speech and that this hypothesis could be tested by using the private speech paradigm. This paper describes a study in which the creation of a state of self-awareness was attempted in children to test the viability of a research strategy based on private speech and used to explore the hypothesis of a link between selfawareness and inner speech, and to test directly this hypothesis by comparing the incidence (...)
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  23. Anthony Everett (1996). A Dilemma for Priest's Dialethism? Australasian Journal of Philosophy 74 (4):657 – 668.score: 30.0
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  24. A. Everett (2007). Review: The Architecture of the Imagination: New Essays on Pretence, Possibility, and Fiction. [REVIEW] Mind 116 (464):1151-1154.score: 30.0
  25. Anthony Everett (2006). Review of Christopher Gauker, Conditionals in Context. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (7).score: 30.0
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  26. Anthony Everett (2014). Sainsbury on Thinking About Fictional Things. Acta Analytica 29 (2):181-194.score: 30.0
    In a number of places Mark Sainsbury has recently developed an attractive irrealist account of fiction and intentionality, on which there are no fictional objects or exotic intentional entities. A central component of his account is an ambitious argument, which aims to establish that the truth of intensional transitives such as “I think about Holmes” and “Alexander feared Zeus” does not require the existence of fictional or intentional objects. It would be good news indeed for the irrealist if Sainsbury’s argument (...)
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  27. Anthony Everett (1994). Absorbing Dialetheia? Mind 103 (412):413-420.score: 30.0
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  28. Theodore J. Everett & Bruce M. Everett (forthcoming). Justice and Gini Coefficients. Politics, Philosophy and Economics:1470594-14528653.score: 30.0
    Gini coefficients, which measure gross inequalities rather than their unfair components, are often used as proxy measures of absolute or relative distributive injustice in Western societies. This presupposes that the fair inequalities in these societies are small and stable enough to be ignored. This article presents a model for a series of ideal, perfectly just societies, where comfortable lives are equally available to everyone, and calculates the Gini coefficients for each. According to this model, inequalities produced by age and other (...)
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  29. George P. Adams, C. J. Ducasse, Walter Goodnow Everett, DeWitt Parker, F. C. Sharp & J. H. Turfs (1932). A Symposium: The Aim and Content of Graduate Training in Ethics. International Journal of Ethics 43 (1):53-64.score: 30.0
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  30. Jonathan Everett (2012). Constituting Objectivity: Transcendental Perspectives on Modern Physics. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 43 (2):105-111.score: 30.0
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  31. Jeff S. Everett, Dean Neu & Daniel Martinez (2008). Multi-Stakeholder Labour Monitoring Organizations: Egoists, Instrumentalists, or Moralists? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 81 (1):117 - 142.score: 30.0
    This article examines four leading multi-stakeholder labour monitoring organizations. All operating in the maquiladora industry, these organizations are viewed in light of the growing global trend toward industry self-regulation, or what has been referred to as the 'global out-sourcing of regulation'. Their Board compositions, codes of conduct and monitoring and enforcement strategies are all examined as a means of tentatively positioning these organizations along an 'egoist-instrumentalist-moralist' ethical culture continuum. Such a framing provides insights into the perceived salience of these organizations' (...)
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  32. Jeff Everett, Dean Neu & Abu Shiraz Rahaman (2006). The Global Fight Against Corruption: A Foucaultian, Virtues-Ethics Framing. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 65 (1):1 - 12.score: 30.0
    This paper extends the discussion of business ethics by examining the issue of corruption, its definition, the solutions being proposed for dealing with it, and the ethical perspectives underpinning these proposals. The paper’s findings are based on a review of association, think-tank, and academic reports, books, and papers dealing with the topic of corruption, as well as the pronouncements, websites, and position papers of a number of important global organizations active in the fight. These organizations include the World Bank, the (...)
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  33. Linda Everett, Debbie Thorne & Carol Danehower (1996). Cognitive Moral Development and Attitudes Toward Women Executives. Journal of Business Ethics 15 (11):1227 - 1235.score: 30.0
    Research has shown that men and women are similar in their capabilities and management competence; however, there appears to be a glass ceiling which poses invisible barriers to their promotion to management positions. One explanation for the existence of these barriers lies in stereotyped, biased attitudes toward women in executive positions. This study supports earlier findings that attitudes of men toward women in executive positions are generally negative, while the attitudes of women are generally positive. Additionally, we found that an (...)
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  34. Anthony Everett (2007). From a Deflationary Point of View - by Paul Horwich. Philosophical Books 48 (3):277-279.score: 30.0
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  35. Walter Goodnow Everett (1923). The Problem of Progress. Philosophical Review 32 (2):125-153.score: 30.0
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  36. William James, Halbert Hains Britan, George H. Sabine, John Grier Hibben, G. A. Tawney, Charles M. Bakewell, W. H. Sheldon, Ernest Albee, Lewis F. Hite, I. W. Riley, A. T. Ormond, F. C. French & Walter G. Everett (1907). The Sixth Annual Meeting of the American Philosophical Association. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 4 (3):64-76.score: 30.0
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  37. Jennifer Everett & Shelley Wilcox (1998). Moral Discourse and Social Responsibility: Comments on Machan's Critique of Jaggar. Journal of Social Philosophy 29 (3):142-152.score: 30.0
  38. Shu-Ling C. Everett (1996). Mirage Multiculuralism: Unmasking the Mighty Morphin Power Rangers. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 11 (1):28 – 39.score: 30.0
    The Mighty Morphin Power Rangers may be the most popular children's program since the inception of television. While the program is a commercial success, it also generates much controversy. For example, with an average of 211 acts of violence per hour, is Power Rangers too violent for children to watch? The show's U.S. producers rebut by claiming that Power Rangers is perhaps the most multicultural children's program available in the United States and should be encouraged. How is this so-called multiculturalism (...)
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  39. Walter G. Everett (1898). The Concept of the Good. Philosophical Review 7 (5):505-517.score: 30.0
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  40. Walter Goodnow Everett (1900). The Relation of Ethics to Religion. International Journal of Ethics 10 (4):479-493.score: 30.0
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  41. Daniel L. Everett (2012). Linguistics, Truth, and Culture: A Response to Jens Allwood. Pragmatics and Cognition 20 (2):411-416.score: 30.0
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  42. William Johnson Everett (1986). OIKOS: Convergence in Business Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 5 (4):313 - 325.score: 30.0
    The current focus on corporate culture in managerial theory, on character development in business ethics, and on the work—family relationship in family studies calls for an integrating concept to help us explore the relationship of work, family, and fundamental values. The ancient Greek concept of the oikos offers a basic framework for understanding the ensemble of emotional commitments and faith values underlying ethical action in organizational life. Examination of the interrelationships among the arenas of work, family and faith directs us (...)
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  43. William Everett (1900). Upon Virgil, Aeneid VI., Vss. 893–898. The Classical Review 14 (03):153-154.score: 30.0
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  44. Nigel Everett (2011). 16 The Lie of the Land: Reflections on Irish Nature and Landscape. In Jeff Malpas (ed.), The Place of Landscape: Concepts, Contexts, Studies. Mit Press. 295.score: 30.0
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  45. Jo P. Everett, Clifford A. Walters, Debra L. Stottlemyer, Curtis A. Knight, Andrew A. Oppenberg & Robert D. Orr (2011). To Lie or Not to Lie: Resident Physician Attitudes About the Use of Deception in Clinical Practice. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (6):333-338.score: 30.0
    Background Physicians face competing values of truth-telling and beneficence when deception may be employed in patient care. The purposes of this study were to assess resident physicians' attitudes towards lying, explore lie types and reported reasons for lying. Method After obtaining institutional review board review (OSR# 58013) and receiving exempt status, posts written by Loma Linda University resident physicians in response to forum questions in required online courses were collected from 2002 to 2007. Responses were blinded and manually coded by (...)
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  46. Jennifer Everett (2002). Rattling the Cage: Toward Legal Rights for Animals (Review). Ethics and the Environment 7 (1):147-153.score: 30.0
  47. Alain Morin & James Everett (1988). Une Critique de l'Interactionnisme d'Eccles. Dialogue 27 (02):263-.score: 30.0
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  48. Abu Shiraz Rahaman, Jeff Everett & Dean Neu (2013). Trust, Morality, and the Privatization of Water Services in Developing Countries. Business and Society Review 118 (4):539-575.score: 30.0
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  49. William W. Everett (1972). Cybernetics and the Symbolic Body Model. Zygon 7 (2):98-109.score: 30.0
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  50. Daniel L. Everett (2012). Exocognitive Linguistics: A Response to Cowley. Pragmatics and Cognition 20 (2):388-391.score: 30.0
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