Search results for 'Calvin Hayes' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Calvin Hayes (2009). Popper, Hayek and the Open Society. Routledge.score: 240.0
    logical failure or contradiction by a fact. Intuition alone can decide between two competing theories agreeing with the facts. (ibid. ...
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  2. Calvin Hayes (2001). Fallibilism Democracy and the Market: The Meta-Theoretical Foundations of Popper's Political Philosophy. University Press of America.score: 240.0
    I Karl Popper's Copernican Revolution Since Popper espouses what he terms " evolutionary epistemology" and since he argues that any discussion of ...
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  3. William Calvin, Bill Calvin's Brainstorm.score: 210.0
    That’s Bill Calvin, whose brain is worthy of study in its own right. Technically, he’s a theoretical neurophysiologist and affiliate professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at the University of Washington. But he’s also known as a scientist with a wide-ranging intellect and a prolific (and accessible) writer who constantly offers remarkable insights about the world around him. As I sat down to interview Calvin in his book-lined Seattle home last Fall, I recalled the comments of someone who (...)
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  4. William Calvin, William H. Calvin , "Memory's Future," Psychology Today 34(2):55ff.score: 180.0
    Psychology's fascination with memory and its imperfections dates back further than we can remember. The first careful experimental studies of memory were published in 1885 by German psychologist Hermann Ebbinghaus, and tens of thousands of memory studies have been conducted since. What has been learned, and what might the future of memory be?
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  5. Jean Calvin (1956). John Calvin on God and Political Duty. New York, Liberal Arts Press.score: 180.0
     
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  6. Patrick J. Hayes & Nigel J. T. Thomas, Debate on Mental Images.score: 90.0
    This debate, principally between myself (Nigel Thomas) and Patrick Hayes, the well known computer scientist and Artificial Intelligence researcher, took place through the internet mailing list for the discussion of the scientific study of consciousness, PSYCHE-D (moderated by Patrick Wilken), which is associated with the on-line journal PSYCHE. The discussion touches on the various different senses in which the expression "mental image" may be used, the underlying cognitive mechanisms of imagery, and the relevance of an understanding of imagery to (...)
     
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  7. Patrick Hayes, Stevan Harnad, Donald R. Perlis & Ned Block (1992). Virtual Symposium on Virtual Mind. Minds and Machines 2 (3):217-238.score: 60.0
    When certain formal symbol systems (e.g., computer programs) are implemented as dynamic physical symbol systems (e.g., when they are run on a computer) their activity can be interpreted at higher levels (e.g., binary code can be interpreted as LISP, LISP code can be interpreted as English, and English can be interpreted as a meaningful conversation). These higher levels of interpretability are called "virtual" systems. If such a virtual system is interpretable as if it had a mind, is such a "virtual (...)
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  8. Peter Hayes (2009). The Ideology of Relativity: The Case of the Clock Paradox. Social Epistemology 23 (1):57-78.score: 30.0
    In the interwar period there was a significant school of thought that repudiated Einstein's theory of relativity on the grounds that it contained elementary inconsistencies. Some of these critics held extreme right-wing and anti-Semitic views, and this has tended to discredit their technical objections to relativity as being scientifically shallow. This paper investigates an alternative possibility: that the critics were right and that the success of Einstein's theory in overcoming them was due to its strengths as an ideology rather than (...)
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  9. Niall Hayes & Lucas D. Introna (2005). Cultural Values, Plagiarism, and Fairness: When Plagiarism Gets in the Way of Learning. Ethics and Behavior 15 (3):213 – 231.score: 30.0
    The dramatic increase in the number of overseas students studying in the United Kingdom and other Western countries has required academics to reevaluate many aspects of their own, and their institutions', practices. This article considers differing cultural values among overseas students toward plagiarism and the implications this may have for postgraduate education in a Western context. Based on focus-group interviews, questionnaires, and informal discussions, we report the views of plagiarism among students in 2 postgraduate management programs, both of which had (...)
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  10. John McCarthy & Patrick Hayes (1969). Some Philosophical Problems From the Standpoint of Artificial Intelligence. In B. Meltzer & Donald Michie (eds.), Machine Intelligence 4. Edinburgh University Press. 463--502.score: 30.0
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  11. Cam Caldwell, Linda A. Hayes, Patricia Bernal & Ranjan Karri (2008). Ethical Stewardship – Implications for Leadership and Trust. Journal of Business Ethics 78 (1-2):153 - 164.score: 30.0
    Great leaders are ethical stewards who generate high levels of commitment from followers. In this paper, we propose that perceptions about the trustworthiness of leader behaviors enable those leaders to be perceived as ethical stewards. We define ethical stewardship as the honoring of duties owed to employees, stakeholders, and society in the pursuit of long-term wealth creation. Our model of relationship between leadership behaviors, perceptions of trustworthiness, and the nature of ethical stewardship reinforces the importance of ethical governance in dealing (...)
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  12. William Calvin, The Evolution of Consciousness.score: 30.0
    I will actually talk mostly about evolutionary processes in the brain as we think about what to say next; I'll be happy to answer questions later, however, about how this system we call consciousness itself evolved on the usual evolutionary time scale of the ice ages.
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  13. Jeffrey Gandz & Nadine Hayes (1988). Teaching Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 7 (9):657 - 669.score: 30.0
    Business ethics should be taught in business schools as an integrated part of core curricula in MBA programs with a dual focus on both analytical frameworks and their applications to the business disciplines. To overcome the reluctance of many faculty to handle ethical issues, a critical mass of faculty must develop suitable materials, educate their peers in its use, and take the lead by introducing it in their own courses and on senior management programs.
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  14. Richard P. Hayes (1994). Nāgārjuna's Appeal. Journal of Indian Philosophy 22 (4):299-378.score: 30.0
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  15. Geoffrey Laforte, Pat Hayes & Kenneth M. Ford (1998). Why Godel's Theorem Cannot Refute Computationalism: A Reply to Penrose. Artificial Intelligence 104.score: 30.0
  16. Pat Hayes, Computers Don't Follow Instructions.score: 30.0
    Harnad accepts the picture of computation as formalism, so that any implementation of a program - thats any implementation - is as good as any other; in fact, in considering claims about the properties of computations, the nature of the implementing system - the interpreter - is invisible. Let me refer to this idea as 'Computationalism'. Almost all the criticism, claimed refutation by Searle's argument, and sharp contrasting of this idea with others, rests on the absoluteness of this separation between (...)
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  17. Richard P. Hayes & Dan Lusthaus, Commentarial Sanskrit.score: 30.0
    It is true for many disciplines within the humanities that there are numerous excellent works that introduce the beginner to the basic building blocks of the discipline, and also many advanced studies for the accomplished scholar, but few works that help the student get from the beginning stage to the advanced level. That has certainly been true of the discipline of Sanskrit. Once a student has devoted a couple of years to working through one of the excellent introductions to the (...)
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  18. William H. Calvin (1998). Competing for Consciousness: A Darwinian Mechanism at an Appropriate Level of Explanation. Journal of Consciousness Studies 5 (4):389-404.score: 30.0
    Treating consciousness as awareness or attention greatly underestimates it, ignoring the temporary levels of organization associated with higher intellectual function (syntax, planning, logic, music). The tasks that require consciousness tend to be the ones that demand a lot of resources. Routine tasks can be handled on the back burner but dealing with ambiguity, groping around offline, generating creative choices, and performing precision movements may temporarily require substantial allocations of neocortex. Here I will attempt to clarify the appropriate levels of explanation (...)
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  19. Arthur S. Hayes, Jane B. Singer & Jerry Ceppos (2007). Shifting Roles, Enduring Values: The Credible Journalist in a Digital Age. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 22 (4):262 – 279.score: 30.0
    When everyone can be a publisher, what distinguishes the journalist? This article considers contemporary challenges to institutional roles in a digital media environment and then turns to three broad journalistic normative values - authenticity, accountability, and autonomy - that affect the credibility of journalists and the content they provide. A set of questions that can help citizens determine the trustworthiness of information available to them emerges from the discussion.
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  20. Richard Hayes (forthcoming). Madhyamaka. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 30.0
    The Madhyamaka school of Buddhism, the followers of which are called Mādhyamikas, was one of the two principal schools of Mahāyāna Buddhism in India, the other school being the Yogācāra. The name of the school is a reference to the claim made of Buddhism in general that it is a middle path (madhyamā pratipad) that avoids the two extremes of eternalism—the doctrine that all things exist because of an eternal essence—and annihilationism—the doctrine that things have essences while they exist but (...)
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  21. William H. Calvin (2004). A Brief History of the Mind: From Apes to Intellect and Beyond. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
    This book looks back at the simpler versions of mental life in apes, Neanderthals, and our ancestors, back before our burst of creativity started 50,000 years...
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  22. Patrick J. Hayes, Kenneth M. Ford & J. R. Adams-Webber (1994). Human Reasoning About Artificial Intelligence. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 4:247-63.score: 30.0
  23. Richard Hayes, Did Buddhism Anticipate Pragmatism?score: 30.0
    Writers presenting Buddhism to European and North American audiences have often availed themselves of philosophical terminology from modern traditions to convey presumably less familiar ideas coming from various classical and medieval Asian settings. Since the Buddha and many philosophers who developed his ideas seem to have stressed the importance of practice over theory, Buddhism is frequently described as practical or even pragmatic in its orientation. Since there have been few unpleasant clashes between traditional Buddhist beliefs and the findings of modern (...)
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  24. William H. Calvin (1991). The Ascent of Mind: Ice Age Climates and the Evolution of Intelligence. Bantam Books.score: 30.0
  25. William Calvin, The Feeling of What Happens New York.score: 30.0
    Antonio R. Damasio , The Feeling of What Happens: Body and Emotion in the Making of Consciousness . This is clearly a must-read book for anyone wanting a neurologist's perspective on one of the greatest of the unsolved mysteries, human consciousness and the ways in which it exceeds that of the other apes. By the author of Descartes' Error.
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  26. William H. Calvin (1990). The Cerebral Symphony: Seashore Reflections on the Structure of Consciousness. Bantam.score: 30.0
  27. Joe Duffy & David Hayes (2012). Social Work Students Learn About Social Work Values From Service Users and Carers. Ethics and Social Welfare 6 (4):368-385.score: 30.0
    Teaching on social work values is centrally important in social work education as a core aspect of underpinning knowledge in preparing students for practice. This paper describes an innovative project occurring within the first year of the degree in social work, where service users and carers have assisted students with their understanding of social work values. The positive contribution of service users and carers in facilitating students to make links between theory and practice is now well documented. Applying this user (...)
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  28. Brendan S. Gillon & Richard P. Hayes (2008). Dharmakīrti on the Role of Causation in Inference as Presented in Pramāṇavārttika Svopajñavṛtti 11–38. Journal of Indian Philosophy 36 (3):335-404.score: 30.0
    In the svārthānumāna chapter of his Pramāṇavārttika, the Buddhist philosopher Dharmakīrti presented a defense of his claim that legitimate inference must rest on a metaphysical basis if it is to be immune from the risks ordinarily involved in inducing general principles from a finite number of observations. Even if one repeatedly observes that x occurs with y and never observes y in the absence of x, there is no guarantee, on the basis of observation alone, that one will never observe (...)
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  29. Niall Hayes & Lucas Introna (2005). Systems for the Production of Plagiarists? The Implications Arising From the Use of Plagiarism Detection Systems in UK Universities for Asian Learners. Journal of Academic Ethics 3 (1):55-73.score: 30.0
    This paper argues that the inappropriate framing and implementation of plagiarism detection systems in UK universities can unwittingly construct international students as ‘plagiarists’. It argues that these systems are often implemented with inappropriate assumptions about plagiarism and the way in which new members of a community of practice develop the skills to become full members of that community. Drawing on the literature and some primary data it shows how expectations, norms and practices become translated and negotiated in such a way (...)
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  30. David L. Kemmerer, Kenneth Aizawa, Donald H. Berman, Stacey L. Edgar, James E. Tomberlin, J. Christopher Maloney, John L. Bell, Stuart C. Shapiro, Georges Rey, Morton L. Schagrin, Robert A. Wilson & Patrick J. Hayes (1995). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 5 (3):411-465.score: 30.0
  31. Josh Hayes (2007). Deconstructing Dasein: Heidegger's Earliest Interpretations of Aristotle's de Anima. Review of Metaphysics 61 (2):263-293.score: 30.0
  32. Peter Hayes (1999). Hobbes's Silent Fool: A Response to Hoekstra. Political Theory 27 (2):225-229.score: 30.0
  33. Pat Hayes, Subj: Re: Quantum...Synthesis: Reply to Aaron.score: 30.0
    Henry re. your recent reply to Aaron. OK, current physics does not allow us to retreat into a comfortable assumption of Newtonian regularity. However, given the following range of options, I know which I find the 'spookiest'.
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  34. William H. Hayes (2002). Architectural Criticism. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 60 (4):325–329.score: 30.0
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  35. Richard P. Hayes (1980). Dinnāga's Views on Reasoning (Svārthānumāna). Journal of Indian Philosophy 8 (3):219-277.score: 30.0
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  36. Roger Vilardaga & Steven C. Hayes (2009). Experiential Avoidance and Superstition: Considering Concepts in Context. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 15 (3):269-271.score: 30.0
  37. William H. Calvin (1996). The Cerebral Code. MIT Press.score: 30.0
    In "The Cerebral Code," he has solidly embedded his ideas in experimental neurophysiology and neuropharmacology, deriving from his decades in the laboratory.
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  38. M. G. Hayes (2011). Fairness in International Trade. Business Ethics Quarterly 21 (4):702-706.score: 30.0
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  39. Christopher Menzel & Patrick Hayes, SCL: A Logic Standard for Semantic Integration. Semantic Integration, CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Vol. 82 (2003).score: 30.0
    The Knowledge Interchange Format (KIF) [2] is an ASCII- based framework for use in exchanging of declarative knowledge among disparate computer systems. KIF has been widely used in the fields of knowledge engineering and artificial intelligence. Due to its growing importance, there arose a renewed push to make KIF an offi- cial international standard. A central motivation behind KIF standardization is the wide variation in quality, style, and content — of logic-based frameworks being used for knowledge representation. Variations of all (...)
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  40. Alan E. Singer, Steven Lysonski, Ming Singer & David Hayes (1991). Ethical Myopia: The Case of “Framing” by Framing. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 10 (1):29 - 36.score: 30.0
    The behavioural decision-theoretic concepts of mental accounting, framing and transaction utility have now been employed in marketing models and techniques. To date, however, there has not been any discussion of the ethical issues surrounding these significant developments. In this paper, an ethical evaluation is structured around three themes: (i) utilitarian justification (ii) the strategic exploitation of cognitive habits, and (iii) the claim of scientific status for the techniques. Some recommendations are made for ethical practices.
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  41. M. M. Large, C. J. Ryan, O. B. Nielssen & R. A. Hayes (2008). The Danger of Dangerousness: Why We Must Remove the Dangerousness Criterion From Our Mental Health Acts. Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (12):877-881.score: 30.0
    Objectives: The mental health legislation of most developed countries includes either a dangerousness criterion or an obligatory dangerousness criterion (ODC). A dangerousness criterion holds that mentally ill people may be given treatment without consent if they are deemed to be a risk to themselves or others. An ODC holds that mentally ill people may be given treatment without consent only if they are deemed to be a risk to themselves or others. This paper argues that the dangerousness criterion is unnecessary, (...)
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  42. Lindsay B. Fletcher & Steven C. Hayes (2009). Phenomenology and Modern Behavioral Psychology. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 15 (3):255-258.score: 30.0
  43. Cam Caldwell, Linda A. Hayes & Do Tien Long (2010). Leadership, Trustworthiness, and Ethical Stewardship. Journal of Business Ethics 96 (4):497 - 512.score: 30.0
    Leaders in today's world face the challenge of earning the trust and commitment of organizational members if they expect to guide their companies to success in a highly competitive global context. In this article, we present empirical results indicating that when leadership behaviors are perceived as trustworthy through the observer's mediating lens, trust increases and leaders are more likely to be viewed as ethical stewards who honor a higher level of duties. This article contributes to the growing body of literature (...)
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  44. William Calvin, The Emergence of Intelligence.score: 30.0
    Yet versatility is not always a virtue, and more of it is not always better. When the chimpanzees of Uganda arrive at a grove of fruit trees, they often discover that the efficient local..
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  45. Dennis Hayes (2009). Academic Freedom and the Diminished Subject. British Journal of Educational Studies 57 (2):127 - 145.score: 30.0
    Discussions about freedom of speech and academic freedom today are about the limits to those freedoms. However, these discussions take place mostly in the higher education trade press and do not receive any serious attention from academics and educationalists. In this paper several key arguments for limiting academic freedom are identified, examined and placed in an historical context. That contextualisation shows that with the disappearance of social and political struggles to extend freedom in society there has come a narrowing of (...)
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  46. Adrian C. Hayes (1985). Causal and Interpretive Analysis in Sociology. Sociological Theory 3 (2):1-10.score: 30.0
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  47. Richard P. Hayes & Brendan S. Gillon (1991). Introduction to Dharmakīrti's Theory of Inference as Presented in Pramā $\Underset{\Raise0.3em\Hbox{$\Underset{\Raise0.3em\Hbox{\Smash{\Scriptscriptstyle\Cdot}$}}{N}$}}{N} " />Avārttika Svopajñav $\Underset{\Raise0.3em\Hbox{$\Underset{\Raise0.3em\Hbox{\Smash{\Scriptscriptstyle\Cdot}$}}{T}$}}{T} " />Tti 1–10. [REVIEW] Journal of Indian Philosophy 19 (1).score: 30.0
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  48. Lindsay M. Hayes (1999). Suicide in Adult Correctional Facilities: Key Ingredients to Prevention and Overcoming the Obstacles. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 27 (3):260-268.score: 30.0
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  49. Barbara Hayes (2010). Trust and Distrust in Cpr Decisions. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 7 (1):111-122.score: 30.0
    Trust is essential in human relationships including those within healthcare. Recent studies have raised concerns about patients’ declining levels of trust. This article will explore the role of trust in decision-making about cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). In this research thirty-three senior doctors, junior doctors and division 1 nurses were interviewed about how decisions are made about providing CPR. Analysis of these interviews identified lack of trust as one cause for poor understanding of treatment decisions and lack of acceptance of medical judgement. (...)
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  50. William Calvin, Filling the Empty Niches.score: 30.0
    When surveying the spectrum from pop psych to neurology in works addressed to general readers, one is struck by how few major figures there have been - certainly when cognitive neuro is compared to a far smaller field (1), evolutionary biology, where real literary talents like Loren Eiseley once flourished, where "media dons" like Richard Dawkins regularly clarify our thinking, where there are magnificent series like those of Stephen Jay Gould (fifteen major essays a year, plus scholarly books and research (...)
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