Search results for 'Carla Piazza' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. George Goguadze, Carla Piazza & Yde Venema (2003). Simulating Polyadic Modal Logics by Monadic Ones. Journal of Symbolic Logic 68 (2):419-462.
    We define an interpretation of modal languages with polyadic operators in modal languages that use monadic operators (diamonds) only. We also define a simulation operator which associates a logic $\Lambda^{sim}$ in the diamond language with each logic Λ in the language with polyadic modal connectives. We prove that this simulation operator transfers several useful properties of modal logics, such as finite/recursive axiomatizability, frame completeness and the finite model property, canonicity and first-order definability.
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  2.  9
    Agostino Dovier, Carla Piazza & Alberto Policriti (2000). Comparing Expressiveness of Set Constructor Symbols. In Dov M. Gabbay & Maarten de Rijke (eds.), Frontiers of Combining Systems. Research Studies Press 275--289.
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  3. Maria de Fátima Fontes Piazza (2006). Políticas de Amizade: Portinari Eo Mundo Cultural Ibero-Americano Friendship Policies: Portinari and the Ibero-American World. Topoi 7 (12):222-246.
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  4. M. A. Piazza & T. Moretti (2001). C. Susanne. Global Bioethics 14 (2-3).
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  5. Manuela Piazza, Pierre Pica, Véronique Izard, Elizabeth Spelke & Stanislas Dehaene (2013). Education Enhances the Acuity of the Nonverbal Approximate Number System. Psychological Science 24 (4):p.
    All humans share a universal, evolutionarily ancient approximate number system (ANS) that estimates and combines the numbers of objects in sets with ratio-limited precision. Interindividual variability in the acuity of the ANS correlates with mathematical achievement, but the causes of this correlation have never been established. We acquired psychophysical measures of ANS acuity in child and adult members of an indigene group in the Amazon, the Mundurucú, who have a very restricted numerical lexicon and highly variable access to mathematics education. (...)
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  6.  7
    Manuela Piazza, Andrea Facoetti, Anna Noemi Trussardi, Ilaria Berteletti, Stefano Conte, Daniela Lucangeli, Stanislas Dehaene & Marco Zorzi (2010). Developmental Trajectory of Number Acuity Reveals a Severe Impairment in Developmental Dyscalculia. Cognition 116 (1):33-41.
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  7. Luca Moretti & Tommaso Piazza (2013). When Warrant Transmits and When It Doesn't: Towards a General Framework. Synthese 190 (13):2481-2503.
    In this paper we focus on transmission and failure of transmission of warrant. We identify three individually necessary and jointly sufficient conditions for transmission of warrant, and we show that their satisfaction grounds a number of interesting epistemic phenomena that have not been sufficiently appreciated in the literature. We then scrutinise Wright’s analysis of transmission failure and improve on extant readings of it. Nonetheless, we present a Bayesian counterexample that shows that Wright’s analysis is partially incoherent with our analysis of (...)
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  8.  5
    Jared Piazza, Justin F. Landy & Geoffrey P. Goodwin (2014). Cruel Nature: Harmfulness as an Important, Overlooked Dimension in Judgments of Moral Standing. Cognition 131 (1):108-124.
  9.  7
    Paulo Sousa, Colin Holbrook & Jared Piazza (2009). The Morality of Harm. Cognition 113 (1):80-92.
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  10.  14
    Manuela Piazza (2010). Neurocognitive Start-Up Tools for Symbolic Number Representations. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (12):542-551.
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  11.  84
    Luca Moretti & Tommaso Piazza (2015). Phenomenal Conservatism and Bergmann’s Dilemma. Erkenntnis 80 (6):1271-1290.
    In this paper we argue that Michael Huemer’s phenomenal conservatism—the internalist view according to which our beliefs are prima facie justified if based on how things seems or appears to us to be—doesn’t fall afoul of Michael Bergmann’s dilemma for epistemological internalism. We start by showing that the thought experiment that Bergmann adduces to conclude that is vulnerable to his dilemma misses its target. After that, we distinguish between two ways in which a mental state can contribute to the justification (...)
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  12. L. Luca Cavalli-Sforza, Paoli Menozzi, Alberto Piazza & C. Stephen Downes (1996). The History and Geography of Human Genes. Bioessays 18 (1):84-85.
     
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  13.  4
    Paulo Sousa & Jared Piazza (2013). Harmful Transgressions Qua Moral Transgressions: A Deflationary View. Thinking and Reasoning 20 (1):99-128.
  14.  4
    Jared Piazza, Pascale Sophie Russell & Paulo Sousa (2013). Moral Emotions and the Envisaging of Mitigating Circumstances for Wrongdoing. Cognition and Emotion 27 (4):707-722.
  15.  3
    Manuela Piazza, Antonia Fumarola, Alessandro Chinello & David Melcher (2011). Subitizing Reflects Visuo-Spatial Object Individuation Capacity. Cognition 121 (1):147-153.
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  16.  97
    Tommaso Piazza (2009). Evidentialism and the Problem of Stored Beliefs. Philosophical Studies 145 (2):311 - 324.
    Many stored beliefs, like beliefs in one’s personal data or beliefs in one’s area of expertise, intuitively amount to knowledge, and so are justified. This uncontroversial datum arguably tells against evidentialism, the position according to which a belief is justified if it fits the available evidence: stored beliefs are normally not sustained by one’s available evidence. Conee and Feldman have tried to meet this potential objection by relaxing the notion of available evidence. According to their proposal, stored beliefs are dispositionally (...)
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  17.  20
    Jared Piazza, Paulo Sousa & Colin Holbrook (2013). Authority Dependence and Judgments of Utilitarian Harm. Cognition 128 (3):261-270.
    Three studies tested the conditions under which people judge utilitarian harm to be authority dependent (i.e., whether its right or wrongness depends on the ruling of an authority). In Study 1, participants judged the right or wrongness of physical abuse when used as an interrogation method anticipated to yield useful information for preventing future terrorist attacks. The ruling of the military authority towards the harm was manipulated (prohibited vs. prescribed) and found to significantly influence judgments of the right or wrongness (...)
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  18.  72
    Luca Moretti & Tommaso Piazza, Transmission of Justification and Warrant. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Transmission of justification across inference is a valuable and indeed ubiquitous epistemic phenomenon in everyday life and science. It is thanks to the phenomenon of epistemic transmission that inferential reasoning is a means for substantiating predictions of future events and, more generally, for expanding the sphere of our justified beliefs or reinforcing the justification of beliefs that we already entertain. However, transmission of justification is not without exceptions. As a few epistemologists have come to realise, more or less trivial forms (...)
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  19.  3
    Filippo Carlà (forthcoming). A. †Kamm, A. Graham The Romans. An Introduction. Third Edition. Pp. Xxxii + 277, Ills, Maps. London and New York: Routledge, 2015 . Paper, £22.99, US$36.95 . ISBN: 978-1-138-77668-5. [REVIEW] The Classical Review:1.
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  20.  9
    Giovanni Boniolo, Marcello D’Agostino, Mario Piazza & Gabriele Pulcini (2015). Adding Logic to the Toolbox of Molecular Biology. European Journal for Philosophy of Science 5 (3):399-417.
    The aim of this paper is to argue that logic can play an important role in the “toolbox” of molecular biology. We show how biochemical pathways, i.e., transitions from a molecular aggregate to another molecular aggregate, can be viewed as deductive processes. In particular, our logical approach to molecular biology — developed in the form of a natural deduction system — is centered on the notion of Curry-Howard isomorphism, a cornerstone in nineteenth-century proof-theory.
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  21.  4
    Mario Piazza & Nevia Dolcini (forthcoming). Possibilities Regained: Neo-Lewisian Contextualism and Ordinary Life. Synthese:1-20.
    According to David Lewis, the predicate ‘knows’ is context-sensitive in the sense that its truth conditions vary across conversational contexts, which stretch or compress the domain of error possibilities to be eliminated by the subject’s evidence. Our concern in this paper is to thematize, assess, and overcome within a neo-Lewisian contextualist project two important mismatches between our use of ‘know’ in ordinary life and the use of ‘know’ by ‘Lewisian’ ordinary speakers. The first mismatch is that Lewisian contextualism still overgenerates (...)
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  22. William Bechtel, Marc H. Bornstein, Stevan Hamad, Terrence W. Deacon, Angela D. Friederici, Alexandra Maryanski, Alberto Piazza, Duane M. Rumbaugh, E. Sue Savage-Rumbaugh & Eckart Scheerer (1996). Ga 30322, Usa. In B. Velichkovsky & Duane M. Rumbaugh (eds.), Communicating Meaning: The Evolution and Development of Language. Hillsdale, Nj: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates
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  23.  4
    Azim F. Shariff, Jared Piazza & Stephanie R. Kramer (2014). Morality and the Religious Mind: Why Theists and Nontheists Differ. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (9):439-441.
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  24.  6
    Nicola Ciprotti & Tommaso Piazza (2013). Alethic Determinism. Or: How to Make Free Will Inconsistent with Timeless Truth. Logique and Analyse 56 (221):85-99.
    The paper purports to show that truth-atemporalism, the thesis that truth is timeless, is incompatible with power to do otherwise. Since a parallel and simpler argument can be run to the effect that truth-omnitemporalism, the thesis that truth is sempiternal, is incompatible with power to do otherwise, our conclusion achieves greater generality, and the possible shift from the claim that truth is omnitemporal to the claim that it is atemporal becomes useless for the purpose to resist it. On the other (...)
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  25.  17
    Curt Hayes, Valerle M. Camilli & Jenny A. Piazza (1998). Beware the Politics of Educational Reform. Inquiry 18 (2):78-86.
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  26.  27
    Richard Moot & Mario Piazza (2001). Linguistic Applications of First Order Intuitionistic Linear Logic. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 10 (2):211-232.
    In this paper we will discuss the first order multiplicative intuitionistic fragment of linear logic, MILL1, and its applications to linguistics. We give an embedding translation from formulas in the Lambek Calculus to formulas in MILL1 and show this translation is sound and complete. We then exploit the extra power of the first order fragment to give an account of a number of linguistic phenomena which have no satisfactory treatment in the Lambek Calculus.
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  27.  60
    Tommaso Piazza & Francesco Piazza (2010). On Inconsistent Entities. A Reply to Colyvan. Philosophical Studies 150 (2):301 - 311.
    In a recent article M. Colyvan has argued that Quinean forms of scientific realism are faced with an unexpected upshot. Realism concerning a given class of entities, along with this route to realism, can be vindicated by running an indispensability argument to the effect that the entities postulated by our best scientific theories exist. Colyvan observes that among our best scientific theories some are inconsistent, and so concludes that, by resorting to the very same argument, we may incur a commitment (...)
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  28.  2
    Donna M. Schaeffer & Charles F. Piazza (2003). Schumacher Expanded. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 22 (2):89-103.
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  29.  18
    Mario Piazza (2001). Exchange Rules. Journal of Symbolic Logic 66 (2):509-516.
    In this paper, we show by a proof-theoretical argument that in a logic without structural rules, that is in noncommutative linear logic with exponentials, every formula A for which exchange rules (and weakening and contraction as well) are admissible is provably equivalent to ?A. This property shows that the expressive power of "noncommutative exponentials" is much more important than that of "commutative exponentials".
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  30.  12
    Charles F. Piazza (2003). Schumacher Expanded. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 22 (2):89-103.
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  31.  15
    Federico Piazza (2010). Glimmers of a Pre-Geometric Perspective. Foundations of Physics 40 (3):239-266.
    Spacetime measurements and gravitational experiments are made by using objects, matter fields or particles and their mutual relationships. As a consequence, any operationally meaningful assertion about spacetime is in fact an assertion about the degrees of freedom of the matter (i.e. non gravitational) fields; those, say for definiteness, of the Standard Model of particle physics. As for any quantum theory, the dynamics of the matter fields can be described in terms of a unitary evolution of a state vector in a (...)
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  32.  36
    Lorenzo Magnani & Matteo Piazza (2005). Morphodynamical Abduction. Causation by Attractors Dynamics of Explanatory Hypotheses in Science. Foundations of Science 10 (1):107-132.
    Philosophers of science today by and large reject the cataclysmic and irrational interpretation of the scientific enterprise claimed by Kuhn. Many computational models have been implemented to rationally study the conceptual change in science. In this recent tradition a key role is played by the concept of abduction as a mechanism by which new explanatory hypotheses are introduced. Nevertheless some problems in describing the most interesting abductive issues rise from the classical computational approach. It describes a cognitive process (and so (...)
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  33.  1
    Mansur Khamitov, Jeff D. Rotman & Jared Piazza (2016). Perceiving the Agency of Harmful Agents: A Test of Dehumanization Versus Moral Typecasting Accounts. Cognition 146:33-47.
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  34.  1
    Tommaso Piazza (2010). Perceptual Evidence and Information. Knowledge, Technology and Policy 23 (1-2):75-95.
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  35.  1
    Massimo Olivotto, Annarosa Arcangeli, Marcello Carlà & Enzo Wanke (1996). Electric Fields at the Plasma Membrane Level: A Neglected Element in the Mechanisms of Cell Signalling. Bioessays 18 (6):495-504.
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  36.  12
    Tommaso Piazza (2010). Perceptual Evidence and Information. Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (1-2):75-95.
    Quite recently, Luciano Floridi has put forward the fascinating suggestion that knowledge should be analyzed as special kind of information, in particular as accounted information. As I will try tentatively to show, one important consequence of Floridi’s proposal is that the notion of justification, and of evidence, should play no role in a philosophical understanding of knowledge. In this paper, I shall suggest one potential difficulty with which Floridi’s proposal might be consequently afflicted, yet accept the fundamental suggestion that traditional (...)
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  37.  6
    Tommaso Piazza (2010). Conhecimento por especialista, evidência e informação. Veritas: Revista de Filosofia da PUCRS 55 (2):42-59.
    In this paper I argue that the existence of expert knowledge potentially poses a problem for Evidentialism, the view that a person’s justification supervenes on the evidence this person has. An expert is the kind of person from which knowledge (or justified belief) is expected in situations in which a non-expert would normally not attain knowledge (or justified belief); so, potentially, the epistemic status of their beliefs differ even if the evidence they possess seems to be the same. A viable (...)
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  38.  2
    Pierre Piazza (2009). Edvige et les résistances au fichage policier. Hermes 53:75.
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  39.  1
    Elena Pasquinelli, Tiziana Zalla, Katarina Gvodzic, Cassandra Potier-Watkins & Manuela Piazza (2015). Mind, Brain, and Teaching: Some Directions for Future Research. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 38.
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  40.  2
    Tommaso Piazza (2004). The Quest for the Synthetic a Priori: Husserl and Schlick's Debate Revisited. In Arkadiusz Chrudzimski & Wolfgang Huemer (eds.), Phenomenology and Analysis: Essays on Central European Philosophy. Ontos 233-256.
  41.  3
    Christine Leproux, Olivier Bauer, J. Gregory Trafton, Susan B. Trickett, Lorenzo Magnani & Matteo Piazza (2005). Brigitte cambon de lavalette, Charles tijus. Foundations of Science 10:457-458.
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  42.  4
    Pierre Piazza (2009). L'extension des fichiers de sécurité publique. Hermes 53:69.
    La mobilisation par les pouvoirs publics de fichiers contenant des informations à caractère personnel à des fins de sécurité s'ancre dans une histoire longue. Ces dernières décennies, on constate pourtant une évolution significative de ces fichiers du fait de l'extension de leur nombre, de leur ampleur et de leur champ d'application. Cet article s'intéresse à ce phénomène en analysant certains problèmes dont il est à l'origine. Tout d'abord, les dysfonctionnements que l'exploitation de ces fichiers occasionne. Ensuite, l'accroissement des pouvoirs de (...)
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  43.  3
    Tommaso Piazza (2009). Platonism, and Mind-Independent Existence. Grazer Philosophische Studien 78 (1):159-183.
    According to a common presentation, Platonism in the philosophy of mathematics is the view according to which the entities with which mathematics is concerned, numbers, are abstract objects which exist independently of the mind. The latter feature, in particular, is alleged to secure the “realist” component of mathematical Platonism. Surprisingly enough, however, this characterization of Platonism is not normally paired with a philosophical explanation of the implicated notion of mind-dependent existence. Since there seems to be more than one metaphysically relevant (...)
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  44.  3
    Tommaso Piazza (2000). Il convegno fiorentino della SFI. Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 1.
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  45.  3
    Manuela Piazza & Veronique Izard (2009). What is an (Abstract) Neural Representation of Quantity? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):348-349.
    We argue that Cohen Kadosh & Walsh's (CK&W's) definitions of neural coding and of abstract representations are overly shallow, influenced by classical cognitive psychology views of modularity and seriality of information processing, and incompatible with the current knowledge on principles of neural coding. As they stand, the proposed dichotomies are not very useful heuristic tools to guide our research towards a better understanding of the neural computations underlying the processing of numerical quantity in the parietal cortex.
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  46.  1
    Marco Piazza (2005). Maine de Biran e l'illuminismo scozzese. Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 1.
    In questo saggio l'Autore studia l'influenza che i pensatori scozzesi, da Hume a Smith, da Dugald Stewart a Reid, hanno esercitato sulla riflessione di Maine de Biran , figura chiave nella transizione dal sensismo condillachiano e dal fisiologismo idéologique verso l'eclettismo e lo spiritualismo francesi del Secondo Ottocento. Tale influenza, ben più corposa di quanto non sia finora parso agli studiosi del filosofo di Bergerac, agisce su Biran in specie sulle prime fasi del suo pensiero attraverso la mediazione, qui ampiamente (...)
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  47.  1
    Charles Susanne, M. A. Piazza & T. Moretti (2001). Human Clonation in Internet. Global Bioethics 14:53-57.
  48.  3
    Mario Piazza (2006). Contro l'equilibrio riflessivo. Rivista di Filosofia 97 (2):209-232.
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  49.  2
    Jared Piazza & Jesse M. Bering (2010). The Coevolution of Secrecy and Stigmatization. Human Nature 21 (3):290-308.
    We propose a coevolutionary model of secrecy and stigmatization. According to this model, secrecy functions to conceal potential fitness costs detected in oneself or one’s genetic kin. In three studies, we found that the content of participants’ distressing secrets overlapped significantly with three domains of social information that were important for inclusive fitness and served as cues for discriminating between rewarding and unrewarding interaction partners: health, mating, and social-exchange behavior. These findings support the notion that secrecy functions primarily as a (...)
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  50.  2
    Tommaso Piazza (2008). Truth and Warranted Assertibility. Philosophia Scientiae 12 (1):125-141.
    The article addresses the question whether the semantic realist should accept the principle according to which every reason to think that a statement is true is a reason to think that the statement is warrantedly assertible, and vice versa. As against W. Alston’s suggestion, according to which the acceptance of commits one to regarding “true” and “warrantedly assertible” as having the same extension, it is argued that just follows from the neutral assumption, also shared by Alston, that the acceptance of (...)
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