Search results for 'Carleton B. Chapman' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Carleton B. Chapman (1982). Doctors and Philosophers in Step. Hastings Center Report 12 (5):43-44.score: 870.0
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  2. Carleton B. Chapman (1984). Physicians, Law, and Ethics. New York University Press.score: 870.0
     
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  3. Natalie A. Obrecht, Gretchen B. Chapman & Marta T. Suárez (2010). Laypeople Do Use Sample Variance: The Effect of Embedding Data in a Variance-Implying Story. Thinking and Reasoning 16 (1):26 – 44.score: 300.0
    When using sample data to decide whether two populations differ, laypeople attend to the difference between group means, but largely overlook within-group variability (Obrecht, Chapman, & Gelman, 2007). We show, first, that laypeople know about and use story-implied variability when making pairwise comparisons. Then we demonstrate that participants' sensitivity to variance in a dataset is boosted when presented in a context that implies consistent variance information. Statistical data were couched in stories about electrical conductivity measurements obtained from element samples (...)
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  4. Marta T. Suárez, Gretchen B. Chapman & Natalie A. Obrecht (2011). Laypeople Do Use Sample Variance: The Effect of Embedding Data in a Variance-Implying Story. Thinking and Reasoning 16 (1):26-44.score: 300.0
    When using sample data to decide whether two populations differ, laypeople attend to the difference between group means, but largely overlook within-group variability (Obrecht, Chapman, & Gelman, 2007). We show, first, that laypeople know about and use story-implied variability when making pairwise comparisons. Then we demonstrate that participants' sensitivity to variance in a dataset is boosted when presented in a context that implies consistent variance information. Statistical data were couched in stories about electrical conductivity measurements obtained from element samples (...)
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  5. Peter B. Gray, Judith Flynn Chapman, Terence C. Burnham, Matthew H. McIntyre, Susan F. Lipson & Peter T. Ellison (2004). Human Male Pair Bonding and Testosterone. Human Nature 15 (2):119-131.score: 280.0
    Previous research in North America has supported the view that male involvement in committed, romantic relationships is associated with lower testosterone (T) levels. Here, we test the prediction that undergraduate men involved in committed, romantic relationships (paired) will have lower T levels than men not involved in such relationships (unpaired). Further, we also test whether these differences are more apparent in samples collected later, rather than earlier, in the day. For this study, 107 undergraduate men filled out a questionnaire and (...)
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  6. Stephanie B. Chiu Wong, Sandra B. Chapman, Lori G. Cook, Raksha Anand, Jacquelyn F. Gamino & Michael D. Devous Sr (2006). A SPECT Study of Language and Brain Reorganization Three Years After Pediatric Brain Injury. In Susana Martinez-Conde, S. L. Macknik, L. M. Martinez, J.-M. Alonso & P. U. Tse (eds.), Progress in Brain Research. Elsevier Science. 173-394.score: 280.0
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  7. Gretchen B. Chapman & Frank A. Sonnenberg (eds.) (2000). Decision Making in Health Care: Theory, Psychology, and Applications. Cambridge University Press.score: 240.0
    Decision making is a crucial element in the field of medicine. The physician has to determine what is wrong with the patient and recommend treatment, while the patient has to decide whether or not to seek medical care, and go along with the treatment recommended by the physician. Health policy makers and health insurers have to decide what to promote, what to discourage, and what to pay for. Together, these decisions determine the quality of health care that is provided. Decision (...)
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  8. Kurt Marko, K. M. Jensen, M. C. Chapman, Michael M. Boll, Mitchell Aboulafia, Charles E. Ziegler, Trudy Conway, Thomas A. Shipka, Fred Lawrence, James G. Colbert, John W. Murphy, Robert B. Louden & Maureen Henry (1983). Reviews. [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought 25 (2):267-271.score: 240.0
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  9. Kevin Patrick Tobia, Gretchen B. Chapman & Stephen Stich (2013). Cleanliness is Next to Morality, Even for Philosophers. Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (11-12).score: 240.0
    A number of studies have shown that seemingly morally irrelevant factors influence the moral judgments of ordinary people. Some argue that philosophers are experts and are significantly less susceptible to such effects. We tested whether an unconscious cleanliness prime – the smell of Lysol – affects the judgments of both non-philosophers and professional philosophers. Our results suggest that the direction of cleanliness effects depends both on the respondent and whether the question is framed in the second or third person. They (...)
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  10. Gretchen B. Chapman & Arthur S. Elstein (2000). Cognitive Processes and Biases in Medical Decision Making. In Gretchen B. Chapman & Frank A. Sonnenberg (eds.), Decision Making in Health Care: Theory, Psychology, and Applications. Cambridge University Press. 183--210.score: 240.0
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  11. Brian H. Bornstein & Gretchen B. Chapman (1995). Learning Lessons From Sunk Costs. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 1 (4):251.score: 240.0
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  12. C. B. Chapman (1990). The Long Reach of Harvard's Fatigue Laboratory, 1926-1947. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 34 (1):17.score: 240.0
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  13. George A. Feldhamer, Bruce Carlyle Thompson, Joseph A. Chapman, Christine E. Gudorf, James E. Huchingson, M. Jacobs, B. Dinaham, Virginia D. Nazarea & M. Nestle (2004). Burdon, RH (2003) The Suffering Gene: Environmental Threats to Our Health, Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press. Cochrane, Willard W.(2003) The Curse of American Agricultural Abundance: A Sustainable Solution, Lincoln, NB: University of Nebraska Press. Dobson, Andrew (2003) Citizenship and the Environment, Oxford: Oxford University. [REVIEW] Ethics, Place and Environment 7 (1-2):120.score: 240.0
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  14. George Allan, Merle Allshouse, Harley Chapman, John B. Cobb, John Compton, Donald A. Crosby, Paul T. Durbin, Barbara Meister Ferré, Frederick Ferré, Frank B. Golley, Joseph Grange, John Granrose, David Ray Griffin, David Keller, Eugene Thomas Long, Elisabethe Segars McRae, Leslie A. Muray, William L. Power, James F. Salmon, Hans Julius Schneider, Kristin Shrader-Frechette, Udo E. Simonis, Donald Wayne Viney & Clark Wolf (2005). Nature, Truth, and Value: Exploring the Thinking of Frederick Ferrz. Lexington Books.score: 240.0
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  15. S. B. Chapman & H. K. Ulatowska (1997). Discourse in Dementia: Considerations of Consciousness. In Maxim I. Stamenov (ed.), Language Structure, Discourse, and the Access to Consciousness. John Benjamins.score: 240.0
     
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  16. Gretchen B. Chapman, Richard Nelson & Daniel B. Hier (1999). Familiarity and Time Preferences: Decision Making About Treatments for Migraine Headaches and Crohn's Disease. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 5 (1):17.score: 240.0
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  17. Gretchen B. Chapman, Noel T. Brewer, Elliot J. Coups, Susan Brownlee, Howard Leventhal & Elaine A. Levanthal (2001). Value for the Future and Preventive Health Behavior. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 7 (3):235.score: 240.0
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  18. Jacquelyn F. Gamino, Sandra B. Chapman, Elizabeth L. Hull & Reid Lyon (2010). Effects of Higher-Order Cognitive Strategy Training on Gist-Reasoning and Fact-Learning in Adolescents. Frontiers in Psychology 1:188.score: 240.0
    Improving the reasoning skills of adolescents across the United States has become a major concern for educators and scientists who are dedicated to identifying evidence-based protocols to improve student outcome. This small sample randomized, control pilot study sought to determine the efficacy of higher-order cognitive training on gist-reasoning and fact-learning in an inner-city public middle school. The study compared gist-reasoning and fact-learning performances after training in a smaller sample when tested in Spanish, many of the students’ native language, versus English. (...)
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  19. Daniel C. Krawczyk, Gerri Hanten, Elisabeth A. Wilde, Xiaoqi Li, Kathleen P. Schnelle, Tricia L. Merkley, Ana C. Vasquez, Lori G. Cook, Michelle McClelland, Sandra B. Chapman & Harvey S. Levin (2010). Deficits in Analogical Reasoning in Adolescents with Traumatic Brain Injury. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4.score: 240.0
    Individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) exhibit deficits in executive control, which may impact their reasoning abilities. Analogical reasoning requires working memory and inhibitory abilities. In this study, we tested adolescents with moderate to severe TBI and typically-developing (TD) controls on a set of picture analogy problems. Three factors were varied: complexity (number of relations in the problems), distraction (distractor item present or absent), and animacy (living or non-living items in the problems). We found that TD adolescents performed significantly better (...)
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  20. Christopher Potts, Paul Grice: Philosopher and Linguist, by Siobhan Chapman. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005. Pp. VII + 247. H/B £45. [REVIEW]score: 126.0
    Paul Grice seems to have led a quintessentially academic life — a life spent jotting notes, giving lectures, reading, talking, and arguing with his past self and with others. In virtue of his age and station, he remained largely at the fringes of the great battles of his day — World War II and the clash of the positivists with the ordinary language group. There are no grand family tensions `a la Russell, nor any deep psychoses `a la Wittgenstein. Just (...)
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  21. O. S. B. Damian Shipley (1977). B. C. Butler. Searchings, Edited with an Introduction by Valentine Rice. Pp. 272. (London, Geoffrey Chapman, 1974.) £5. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 13 (1):112.score: 126.0
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  22. P. Krausser (1958). Book Reviews : The Primitive World and its Transformations by Robert Redfield (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, I953; 2d Ed., Great Seal Books, I957.) Pp. XIII+I85. Language, Thought, and Reality: Selected Writings of Benjamin Lee Whorf Edited and with an Introduction by J. B. Carroll, Foreword by Stuart Chase (New York: Technology Press of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and John Wiley & Sons; London: Chapman & Hall, Ltd., I956.) Pp. X+278. Nonverbal Communication: Notes on the Visual Perception of Human Relations by Jurgen Ruesch and Weldon Kees (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, I956.) Pp. 205. [REVIEW] Diogenes 6 (23):111-119.score: 120.0
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  23. Phillip C. Chapman (1969). Stress in Political Theory. Ethics 80 (1):38-49.score: 120.0
    The article attempts to give a coherent expression to a recurrent theme in the history of political theory. The theme is that men and communities must be subjected to stress in various forms (e.G., Poverty, Insecurity, Conflict, Dissension) in order to maintain whatever faculties, Qualities, Capabilities and institutions they regard as (a) practically necessary in the long run, Or (b) an essential part of their conception of a good life. The ideas dealt with have been drawn from philosophers, Political scientists (...)
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  24. William J. Henley (1989). Experiments Experimental Phycology: A Laboratory Manual C. S. Lobban D. J. Chapman B. P. Kremer. Bioscience 39 (3):198-199.score: 120.0
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  25. John Laird (1935). Russian Sociology: A Contribution to the History of Sociological Thought and Theory. By Julius F. Hecker Ph.D. With a Foreword by Sidney Webb P.C., LL.B. (London: Chapman & Hall. 1934. Pp. Xvi + 313. Price 8s. 6d. Net.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 10 (38):247-.score: 120.0
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  26. Joshua C. Gregory (1928). History of Science Teaching in England. By D. M. Turner M.A., B.Sc. (Lond.), Head of Science Department, Wycombe Abbey School; Research Assistant, University College, London. (London: Chapman & Hall, Ltd. 1927. Pp. X + 208. Price 7s. 6d.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 3 (10):256-.score: 120.0
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  27. Henry Lefever (1971). John B. Chethimattam. Patterns of Indian Thought. Pp. 172 (Geoffrey Chapman, 1971.) £2·00.John B. Chethimattam. Consciousness and Reality. Pp. 228 (Geoffrey Chapman, 1971.) £2·50. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 7 (4):379.score: 120.0
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  28. J. Roland Pennock & John William Chapman (eds.) (1985). Criminal Justice. New York University Press.score: 120.0
    This, the twenty-seventh volume in the annual series of publications by the American Society for Political and Legal Philosophy, features a number of distinguised contributors addressing the topic of criminal justice. Part I considers "The Moral and Metaphysical Sources of the Criminal Law," with contributions by Michael S. Moore, Lawrence Rosen, and Martin Shapiro. The four chapters in Part II all relate, more or less directly, to the issue of retribution, with papers by Hugo Adam Bedau, Michael Davis, Jeffrie G. (...)
     
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  29. Gerard A. W. Reviewer-Vreeswijk (2003). Review of Bayesian Artificial Intelligence, by Kevin B. Korb, Ann E. Nicholson, Chapman & Hall/CRC, 2003. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 11 (4):289-298.score: 120.0
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  30. Raymond B. Waddington (1970). The Iconography of Silence and Chapman's Hercules. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 33:248-263.score: 36.0
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  31. B. Steinbock (2006). Erik Parens, Audrey R. Chapman, and Nancy Press (Eds.), Wrestling with Behavioral Genetics: Science, Ethics and Public Conversation. [REVIEW] Social Theory and Practice 32 (3).score: 36.0
     
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  32. Levi Arthur Olan & Jack Bemporad (eds.) (1977). A Rational Faith: Essays in Honor of Levi A. Olan. Ktav Pub. House.score: 24.0
    Atlas, S. On the relation between subject and object.--Bamberger, B. Religion and the arts.--Bemporad, J. Man, God, and history.--Braude, W. C. The two lives of Hillel's sandwich.--Chapman, C. B. The health guilds, the public interest and the malpractice dilemma.--Feuer, L. Influence of Abba Hillel Silver on the evolution of Reform Judaism.--Hackerman, N. Ignorance, the motivation for understanding.--Hartshorne, C. Whitehead's metaphysical system.--Ogden, S. M. Prolegomena to a Christian theology of nature.--Sandmel, S. The rationalist denial of Jewish tradition in Philo.--Shakow, D. (...)
     
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