Search results for 'Carol Tamminga' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Carol Tamminga (2011). Posing Hypotheses Responsibly in Psychiatry. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (1):65-67.score: 240.0
    It is easy to say that the analysis by Kendler and Schaffner of the status of the dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia (DHS) is, at the very least, a scholarly read. It includes an exhaustive review of the DHS literature accompanied by a demanding critique. The authors' bar for hypothesis verification is high, and their conclusion is negative—that scientific support is insufficient to retain the hypothesis as such. They proceed to evaluate the reasons they see for both (1) the extensive testing (...)
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  2. Steven L. Cohen, Martha Knight, Carol A. Tamminga & Thomas N. Chase (1985). Effects of Vasopressin on Multiple Fixed-Ratio Fixed-Interval Schedules of Reinforcement. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23 (6):531-534.score: 240.0
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  3. Allard Tamminga (2013). Deontic Logic for Strategic Games. Erkenntnis 78 (1):183-200.score: 30.0
    We develop a multi-agent deontic action logic to study the logical behaviour of two types of deontic conditionals: (1) conditional obligations, having the form "If group H were to perform action aH, then, in group F's interest, group G ought to perform action aG" and (2) conditional permissions, having the form "If group H were to perform action aH, then, in group F's interest, group G may perform action aG". First, we define a formal language for multi-agent deontic action logic (...)
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  4. Barteld Kooi & Allard Tamminga (2008). Moral Conflicts Between Groups of Agents. Journal of Philosophical Logic 37 (1):1-21.score: 30.0
    Two groups of agents, G1 and G2, face a *moral conflict* if G1 has a moral obligation and G2 has a moral obligation, such that these obligations cannot both be fulfilled. We study moral conflicts using a multi-agent deontic logic devised to represent reasoning about sentences like "In the interest of group F of agents, group G of agents ought to see to it that phi". We provide a formal language and a consequentialist semantics. An illustration of our semantics with (...)
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  5. Barteld Kooi & Allard Tamminga (2012). Completeness Via Correspondence for Extensions of the Logic of Paradox. Review of Symbolic Logic 5 (4):720-730.score: 30.0
    Taking our inspiration from modal correspondence theory, we present the idea of correspondence analysis for many-valued logics. As a benchmark case, we study truth-functional extensions of the Logic of Paradox (LP). First, we characterize each of the possible truth table entries for unary and binary operators that could be added to LP by an inference scheme. Second, we define a class of natural deduction systems on the basis of these characterizing inference schemes and a natural deduction system for LP. Third, (...)
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  6. Barteld Kooi & Allard Tamminga (2013). Three-Valued Logics in Modal Logic. Studia Logica 101 (5):1061-1072.score: 30.0
    Every truth-functional three-valued propositional logic can be conservatively translated into the modal logic S5. We prove this claim constructively in two steps. First, we define a Translation Manual that converts any propositional formula of any three-valued logic into a modal formula. Second, we show that for every S5-model there is an equivalent three-valued valuation and vice versa. In general, our Translation Manual gives rise to translations that are exponentially longer than their originals. This fact raises the question whether there are (...)
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  7. Allard Tamminga & Koji Tanaka (1999). A Natural Deduction System for First Degree Entailment. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 40 (2):258-272.score: 30.0
    This paper is concerned with a natural deduction system for First Degree Entailment (FDE). First, we exhibit a brief history of FDE and of combined systems whose underlying idea is used in developing the natural deduction system. Then, after presenting the language and a semantics of FDE, we develop a natural deduction system for FDE. We then prove soundness and completeness of the system with respect to the semantics. The system neatly represents the four-valued semantics for FDE.
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  8. Fred Boogerd, Frank Bruggeman, Catholijn Jonker, Huib Looren de Jong, Allard Tamminga, Jan Treur, Hans Westerhoff & Wouter Wijngaards (2002). Inter-Level Relations in Computer Science, Biology, and Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 15 (4):463–471.score: 30.0
    Investigations into inter-level relations in computer science, biology and psychology call for an *empirical* turn in the philosophy of mind. Rather than concentrate on *a priori* discussions of inter-level relations between 'completed' sciences, a case is made for the actual study of the way inter-level relations grow out of the developing sciences. Thus, philosophical inquiries will be made more relevant to the sciences, and, more importantly, philosophical accounts of inter-level relations will be testable by confronting them with what really happens (...)
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  9. Allard Tamminga (2005). Introspection and Change in Carnap's Logical Behaviourism. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (4):650-667.score: 30.0
    In the 1930s, Carnap set out to incorporate psychology into the unity of science, by showing that all cognitively meaningful sentences of psychology can be translated into the language of physics. I will argue that Carnap, relying on his notion of protocol languages, defends a physicalistic philosophy of psychology that shows due appreciation to 'introspection' as a strictly subjective, but reliable way to verify sentences about one’s own mind. Second, I will point out that Carnap’s philosophy of psychology not only (...)
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  10. Allard Tamminga & Sander Verhaegh (2013). Katz's Revisability Paradox Dissolved. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (4):771-784.score: 30.0
    Quine's holistic empiricist account of scientific inquiry can be characterized by three constitutive principles: *noncontradiction*, *universal revisability* and *pragmatic ordering*. We show that these constitutive principles cannot be regarded as statements within a holistic empiricist's scientific theory of the world. This claim is a corollary of our refutation of Katz's [1998, 2002] argument that holistic empiricism suffers from what he calls the Revisability Paradox. According to Katz, Quine's empiricism is incoherent because its constitutive principles cannot themselves be rationally revised. Using (...)
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  11. Allard Tamminga (2004). Expansion and Contraction of Finite States. Studia Logica 76 (3):427-442.score: 30.0
    We present a theory that copes with the dynamics of inconsistent information. A method is set forth to represent possibly inconsistent information by a finite state. Next, finite operations for expansion and contraction of finite states are given. No extra-logical element — a choice function or an ordering over (sets of) sentences — is presupposed in the definition of contraction. Moreover, expansion and contraction are each other's duals. AGM-style characterizations of these operations follow.
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  12. Allard Tamminga (2003). A Critical Exposition of Isaac Levi's Epistemology. Logique Et Analyse 183:447-478.score: 30.0
    The branch of philosophical logic which has become known as “belief change” has, in the course of its development, become alienated from its epistemological origins. However, as formal criteria do not suffice to defend a principled choice between competing systems for belief change, we do need to take their epistemological embedding into account. Here, on the basis of a detailed examination of Isaac Levi's epistemology, we argue for a new direction of belief change research and propose to construct systems for (...)
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  13. Allard Tamminga (2003). Het logische behaviorisme van Rudolf Carnap. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 65 (3):541 - 565.score: 30.0
    In the 1930s, several members of the Vienna Circle set out to incorporate psychology in the unity of science, by showing that all cognitively significant sentences of psychology can be translated into the language of physics. This epistemological analysis of psychology has become known as logical behaviourism. Carnap was the first logical empiricist to expound this programme in considerable detail. Relying on his particular notion of protocol languages, Carnap develops a view on the philosophy of psychology that not only is (...)
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  14. Anne Carol (2011). Sage-femme ou gynécologue ? M.-A. Boivin (1773-1841). Clio 1:237-260.score: 30.0
    Marie-Anne Boivin a été en son temps une des sages-femmes françaises les plus célèbres. Son parcours professionnel et scientifique est présenté ici, illustrant l’espace laissé aux femmes dans les professions médicales. Reconnue d’abord pour ses ouvrages techniques concernant l’obstétrique, elle sort de son champ traditionnel de compétence pour aborder de façon novatrice la gynécologie naissante, à l’instar des médecins, avec son Traité pratique des maladies de l’utérus (1833), devenu un classique. Cette œuvre scientifique lui vaut un succès d’estime, mais ne (...)
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  15. Allard Tamminga (1994). Logics of Rejection: Two Systems of Natural Deduction. Logique Et Analyse 146:169-208.score: 30.0
    This paper presents two systems of natural deduction for the rejection of non-tautologies of classical propositional logic. The first system is sound and complete with respect to the body of all non-tautologies, the second system is sound and complete with respect to the body of all contradictions. The second system is a subsystem of the first. Starting with Jan Łukasiewicz's work, we describe the historical development of theories of rejection for classical propositional logic. Subsequently, we present the two systems of (...)
     
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  16. Mary Magada-Ward (2007). If Men Could Get Pregnant: Beth Singer and Carol Gilligan on Abortion. Metaphilosophy 38 (4):421-430.score: 21.0
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  17. J. B. Carol (1947). Compendium Mariologæ (Review). Franciscan Studies 7 (2):250-250.score: 20.0
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  18. Jan-Willem Romeijn & Allard Tamminga (2008). *Wetenschapsfilosofie* door Leon Horsten, Igor Douven en Erik Weber. [REVIEW] Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 100 (1):80-83.score: 20.0
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  19. Allard Tamminga (2009). In de ban van de metafysica. De identiteitstheorieën van Place, Smart en Armstrong. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 71 (3):553-575.score: 20.0
    We investigate the genesis of metaphysical physicalism and its influence on the development of Place's, Smart's, and Armstrong's ideas on the relation between the mental and the physical. We first reconstruct the considerations that led Armstrong and Smart to a 'scientific' world view. We call 'metaphysical physicalism' the comprehensive theory on reality, truth, and meaning which ensued from this world view. Against the background of this metaphysical physicalism we study Armstrong's and Smart's analyses of secondary properties and the genesis of (...)
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  20. Allard Tamminga (2001). Waarheid als limiet van onderzoek: de ontoereikendheid van Charles Sanders Peirce' waarheidsopvatting. Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 93 (2):73-92.score: 20.0
    In order to come to grips with Peirce's definition of truth as the ideal limit of inquiry, I give a succinct exposition of Peirce's theory of inquiry and his philosophical logic, paying attention to several types of reasoning and their interrelations. Subsequently, the arguments of a contemporary apologist of Peirce's notion of truth, C.J. Misak, are subjected to a scrutiny and found to be insufficient, as the principle of bivalence is defended improperly and, as a Peircean definition of truth, turns (...)
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  21. J. B. Carol (1947). Our Lady of Sorrows. A Book of Mediations (Review). Franciscan Studies 7 (2):249-250.score: 20.0
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  22. Allard Tamminga (2002). Isaac Levi's kenleer: een kritische beschouwing. Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 94 (2):124-145.score: 20.0
    Levi, setting out to formalize Peirce's and Dewey's *belief-doubt-belief*-model, took the lead in defining the field of philosophical logic that has become known as *belief change*. First, Levi's theory of knowledge is placed within the context of American pragmatism. A discussion follows of Levi's criteria under which a change of belief must be judged an improvement. In the final section, a critical evaluation of Levi's logical epistemology opens new venues for logical and epistemological inquiry.
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  23. Christine M. Korsgaard, A Reply to Carol Voeller and Rachel Cohon: “The Moral Law as the Source of Normativity” by Carol Voeller "The Roots of Reason" by Rachel Cohon.score: 18.0
    I am going to begin today by bringing together one of the themes of Carol Voeller’s remarks with one of the criticisms raised by Rachel Cohon, because I see them as related, and want to address them together. Voeller argues that the moral law is constitutive of our nature as rational agents. To put it in her own words, “to be the kind of object it is, is for a thing to be under, or constituted by, the laws which (...)
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  24. Cressida J. Heyes (1997). Anti‐Essentialism in Practice: Carol Gilligan and Feminist Philosophy. Hypatia 12 (3):142-163.score: 18.0
    Third wave anti-essentialist critique has too often been used to dismiss second wave feminist projects. I examine claims that Carol Gilligan's work is "essentialist," and argue that her recent research requires this criticism be rethought. Anti-essentialist feminist method should consist in attention to the relations of power that construct accounts of gendered identity in the course of different forms of empirical enquiry, not in rejecting any general claim about women or girls.
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  25. David Schweickart, "Stakeholders and Terrorists: On Carol Gould's Democratizing Globalization and Human Rights".score: 18.0
    There are many things in this book that I like. I like Gould's basic philosophical framework--her "social ontology" of human beings conceived of as individuals-in-relation-- which was developed in her earlier works, Marx's Social Ontology and Rethinking Democracy. I like her use of a feminist "ethic of care" throughout, even to ground human rights. This latter move is surprising in light of Carol Gilligan's provocative (and in my view insightful) contrast between an ethic of rights (characteristic of conventional male (...)
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  26. Thomas I. White (1992). Business, Ethics, and Carol Gilligan's "Two Voices&Quot;. Business Ethics Quarterly 2 (1):51-61.score: 18.0
    This article argues that Carol Gilligan's research in moral development psychology, work which claims that women speak about ethics in a "different voice" than men do, is applicable to business ethics. This essay claims that Gilligan's "ethic of care" provides a plausible explanation for the results of two studies that found men and women handling ethical dilemmas in business differently. This paper also speculates briefly about the management implications of Gilligan's ideas.
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  27. Carol Ekinsmyth (2002). 16 Feminist Methodology Carol Ekinsmyth. In Pamela Shurmer-Smith (ed.), Doing Cultural Geography. Sage. 177.score: 18.0
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  28. Angelique Bletsas & Chris Beasley (eds.) (2012). Engaging with Carol Bacchi: Strategic Interventions and Exchanges. University of Adelaide Press.score: 18.0
    This book arose out of a conference organised by the Fay Gale Centre for Research on Gender at The University of Adelaide honouring Carol Bacchi's work and is intended to make that work accessible to a range of audiences. - from the ...
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  29. John Coveney & Christine Putland (2012). Answering Bacchi: A Conversation About the Work and Impact of Carol Bacchi in Teaching, Research and Practice in Public Health. In Angelique Bletsas & Chris Beasley (eds.), Engaging with Carol Bacchi: Strategic Interventions and Exchanges. University of Adelaide Press.score: 18.0
     
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  30. John Coveney & Christine Putland (2012). Work and Impact of Carol Bacchi in Teaching. In Angelique Bletsas & Chris Beasley (eds.), Engaging with Carol Bacchi: Strategic Interventions and Exchanges. University of Adelaide Press. 1071.score: 18.0
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  31. Carole Pateman (1980). Women, Nature, and the Suffrage:Feminism and Suffrage: The Emergence of an Independent Women's Movement in America 1848-1869. Ellen Carol DuBois; Separate Spheres: The Opposition to Women's Suffrage in Britain. Brian Harrison. [REVIEW] Ethics 90 (4):564-.score: 16.0
  32. Tamar Szabó Gendler (2002). Critical Study of Carol Rovane's the Bounds of Agency. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64 (1):229–240.score: 15.0
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  33. Robert Picciotto (2007). Does Foreign Aid Really Work? - By Roger C. Riddell, Foreign Aid: Diplomacy, Development, Domestic Politics - by Carol Lancaster. Ethics and International Affairs 21 (4):477–480.score: 15.0
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  34. Richard Brockhaus (1984). Review of Carol C. Gould's Marx's Social Ontology. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Social Criticism 10 (1):91-95.score: 15.0
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  35. Richard Kyte (1996). Moral Reasoning as Perception: A Reading of Carol Gilligan. Hypatia 11 (3):97-113.score: 15.0
    Gilligan's understanding of moral reasoning as a kind of perception has its roots in the conception of moral experience espoused by Simone Weil and Iris Murdoch. A clear understanding of that conception, however, reveals grave difficulties with Gilligan's descriptions of the care perspective and justice perspective. In particular, we can see that the two perspectives are not mutually exclusive once we recognize that attention does not require attachment and that impartiality does not require detachment.
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  36. Kathleen Wallace (2000). Agency, Personhood, and Identity: Carol Rovane's The Bounds of Agency. Metaphilosophy 31 (3):311-322.score: 15.0
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  37. Robert C. Koons (2006). Bob and Carol and Tess and Ali. Sophia 45 (2):117-122.score: 15.0
    Conflicting religious experiences in different traditions do not necessarily <span class='Hi'>defeat</span> the rationality of conflicting beliefs sustained by those experiences in those traditions. The circularity that protects religious beliefs from such mutual <span class='Hi'>defeat</span> is not vicious. Moreover, the lack of ‘epistemological humility’ exhibited by such believers poses no threat to world peace. In fact, a campaign for compulsory humility would itself constitute a much greater threat.
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  38. Christina M. Bellon (2007). Globalizing Democracy and Human Rights by Carol Gould. Hypatia 22 (4):206-209.score: 15.0
  39. Marya Schechtman (1999). Carol Rovane, The Bounds of Agency: An Essay in Revisionary Metaphysics:The Bounds of Agency: An Essay in Revisionary Metaphysics. Ethics 109 (4):919-922.score: 15.0
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  40. Joseph Bien (1980). A Review Of: Carol Gould,Marx's Social Ontology, MIT Press, 1978. [REVIEW] Human Studies 3 (1):291-301.score: 15.0
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  41. John S. Dryzek (2005). Review of Carol C. Gould, Globalizing Democracy and Human Rights. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (4).score: 15.0
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  42. William McBride (2006). Carol Gould's Globalizing Democracy and Human Rights. Radical Philosophy Today 2006:247-253.score: 15.0
    McBride offers a succinct summary of Gould’s book and ponders what the significance of theoretical discussions of the nature of human rights and degrees of democracy might be for our time when the U.S. government has descended into “barbarism” and made a sham out of anything resembling democracy. He concludes that Gould’s book is “first rate” as “a learned exercise in dreaming,” granting against his own deep pessimism that one can never know for sure that “dreams” may not turn out (...)
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  43. Colin McGinn (1994). Reply to Carol Rovane. Philosophical Studies 76 (2-3):169 - 174.score: 15.0
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  44. Fiona Robinson (2007). Globalizing Democracy and Human Rights - by Carol C. Gould. Ethics and International Affairs 21 (2):263–265.score: 15.0
  45. David Kaplan (1973). Bob and Carol and Ted and Alice. In. In Jaakko Hintikka (ed.), Approaches to Natural Language. D. Reidel Publishing. 490--518.score: 15.0
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  46. Kathleen League (1993). Individualism, Class, and the Situation of Care: An Essay on Carol Gilligan. Journal of Social Philosophy 24 (3):69-79.score: 15.0
  47. Gerard McGill (2008). Prophetic & Public: The Social Witness of U.S. Catholicism. By Kristin E. Heyerhandbook of Bioethics and Religion. By David E. Guinn, Ed.Future Perfect? God, Medicine and Human Dignity. By Celia Deane-Drummond and Peter Manley Scott, Eds.Health and Human Flourishing: Religion, Medicine, and Moral Anthropology. By Carol R. Taylor and Roberto Dell'Oro, Eds. [REVIEW] Heythrop Journal 49 (3):501–507.score: 15.0
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  48. D. R. (2003). Review of “the Hidden Genius of Emotion: Lifespan Transformations of Personality” by Carol Magai and Jeanette Haviland-Jones. [REVIEW] Consciousness and Emotion 4 (1):148-150.score: 15.0
  49. Deborah Slicer (1990). Teaching with a Different Ear: Teaching Ethics After Reading Carol Gilligan. [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 24 (1):55-65.score: 15.0
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  50. R. D. Stolorow (2003). Review of “the Hidden Genius of Emotion: Lifespan Transformations of Personality” by Carol Magai and Jeanette Haviland-Jones. [REVIEW] Consciousness and Emotion 4 (1):148-150.score: 15.0
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