Search results for 'Carol Thornton' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Tim Thornton (2014). John Mcdowell. Routledge.
    John McDowell's contribution to philosophy has ranged across Greek philosophy, philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, metaphysics and ethics. His writings have drawn on the works of, amongst others, Aristotle, Kant, Hegel, Frege, Russell, Wittgenstein, Sellars, and Davidson. His contributions have made him one of the most widely read, discussed and challenging philosophers writing today. This book provides a careful account of the main claims that McDowell advances in a number of different areas of philosophy. The interconnections between the different (...)
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  2.  60
    Patricia H. Thornton (2012). The Institutional Logics Perspective: A New Approach to Culture, Structure, and Process. Oxford University Press.
    Introduction to the Institutional Logics Perspective -- Precursors to the Institutional Logics Perspective -- Defining the Inter-institutional System -- The Emergence, Stability and Change of the Inter-institutional System -- Micro-Foundations of Institutional Logics -- The Dynamics of Organizational Practices and Identities -- The Emergence and Evolution of Field-Level Logics -- Implications for Future Research.
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  3.  68
    Diego Fernandez-Duque & Ian Thornton (2000). Change Detection Without Awareness: Do Explicit Reports Underestimate the Representation of Change in the Visual System? Visual Cognition 7 (1):323-344.
    Evidence from many different paradigms (e.g. change blindness, inattentional blindness, transsaccadic integration) indicate that observers are often very poor at reporting changes to their visual environment. Such evidence has been used to suggest that the spatio-temporal coherence needed to represent change can only occur in the presence of focused attention. In four experiments we use modified change blindness tasks to demonstrate (a) that sensitivity to change does occur in the absence of awareness, and (b) this sensitivity does not rely on (...)
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  4. Tim Thornton & Peter Lucas (2011). On the Very Idea of a Recovery Model for Mental Health. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (1):24-28.
    The recovery model has been put forward as a rival to the biomedical model in mental healthcare. It has also been invoked in debate about public policy for individual and community mental health and the broader goal of social inclusion. But this broader use threatens its status as a genuine model, distinct from others such as the biomedical model. This paper sets out to articulate, although not to defend, a distinct recovery model based on the idea that mental health is (...)
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  5. Diego Fernandez-Duque, Giordana Grossi, Ian Thornton & Helen Neville (2003). Representation of Change: Separate Electrophysiological Markers of Attention, Awareness, and Implicit Processing. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 15 (4):491-507.
    & Awareness of change within a visual scene only occurs in subjects were aware of, replicated those attentional effects, but the presence of focused attention. When two versions of a.
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  6.  66
    Tim Thornton (2007). Essential Philosophy of Psychiatry. Oxford University Press.
    Essential Philosophy of Psychiatry is a concise introduction to the growing field of philosophy of psychiatry. Divided into three main aspects of psychiatric clinical judgement, values, meanings and facts, it examines the key debates about mental health care, and the philosophical ideas and tools needed to assess those debates, in six chapters. In addition to outlining the state of play, Essential Philosophy of Psychiatry presents a coherent and unified approach across the different debates, characterized by a rejection of reductionism and (...)
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  7.  64
    Andy Clark & S. Thornton (1997). Trading Spaces: Computation, Representation, and the Limits of Uninformed Learning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):57-66.
    Some regularities enjoy only an attenuated existence in a body of training data. These are regularities whose statistical visibility depends on some systematic recoding of the data. The space of possible recodings is, however, infinitely large type-2 problems. they are standardly solved! This presents a puzzle. How, given the statistical intractability of these type-2 cases, does nature turn the trick? One answer, which we do not pursue, is to suppose that evolution gifts us with exactly the right set of recoding (...)
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  8.  26
    Ian Thornton & Diego Fernandez-Duque (2000). An Implicit Measure of Undetected Change. Spatial Vision 14 (1):21-44.
    b>—Several paradigms (e.g. change blindness, inattentional blindness, transsaccadic integra- tion) indicate that observers are often very poor at reporting changes to their visual environment. Such evidence has been used to suggest that the spatio-temporal coherence needed to represent change can only occur in the presence of focused attention. However, those studies almost always rely on explicit reports. It remains a possibility that the visual system can implicitly detect change, but that in the absence of focused attention, the change does not (...)
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  9.  78
    Stephanie Thornton (1987). McCuinness, Diane. When Children Don't Learn: Understanding the Biology and Psychology of Learning Disabilities. Cognitive Science 11 (4):522-524.
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  10.  34
    Andy Clark & Chris Thornton (1997). Trading Spaces: Computation, Representation, and the Limits of Uninformed Learning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):57-66.
  11.  2
    Tim Thornton (2006). Tacit Knowledge as the Unifying Factor in Evidence Based Medicine and Clinical Judgement. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 1 (1):2.
    The paper outlines the role that tacit knowledge plays in what might seem to be an area of knowledge that can be made fully explicit or codified and which forms a central element of Evidence Based Medicine. Appeal to the role the role of tacit knowledge in science provides a way to unify the tripartite definition of Evidence Based Medicine given by Sackett et al: the integration of best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values. Each of these three (...)
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  12.  76
    Tim Thornton (2008). Why the Idea of Framework Propositions Cannot Contribute to an Understanding of Delusions. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (2):159-175.
    One of the tasks that recent philosophy of psychiatry has taken upon itself is to extend the range of understanding to some of those aspects of psychopathology that Jaspers deemed beyond its limits. Given the fundamental difficulties of offering a literal interpretation of the contents of primary delusions, a number of alternative strategies have been put forward including regarding them as abnormal versions of framework propositions described by Wittgenstein in On Certainty. But although framework propositions share some of the apparent (...)
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  13. Stephen J. Thornton (2008). Silence on Gays and Lesbians in Social Studies Curriculum. In David J. Flinders & Stephen J. Thornton (eds.), The Curriculum Studies Reader. Routledge
  14. M. T. Thornton (1969). Locke's Criticism of Wittgenstein. Philosophical Quarterly 19 (76):266-271.
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  15.  77
    H. Thornton (1994). Clinical Trials--A Brave New Partnership? Journal of Medical Ethics 20 (1):19-25.
    The need for informed consent is considered from the patient's viewpoint by an examination of the shortcomings of the UK Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS) trial and its failure satisfactorily to accrue both profession and patient. The impersonal, negative aspects of the informed consent process in the research situation are contrasted with the positive benefits of confidence fostered by the traditional doctor/patient relationship. The need for new research with a partnership between patient and profession, the necessity for rigorous re-assessment of (...)
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  16.  29
    V. Thornton (2009). Who Gets the Liver Transplant? The Use of Responsibility as the Tie Breaker. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (12):739-742.
    Is it possible to invoke the use of moral responsibility as part of the selection criteria in the allocation of livers for transplant? Criticism has been applied to the difficulties inherent in including such a criterion and also the effect that employing such a judgement might have upon the relationship between the physician and patient. However, these criticisms rely on speculation and conjecture and do not relate to all the arguments put forward in favour of applying moral responsibility. None of (...)
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  17. M. Thornton (1994). Double Brain, Double Person? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (2):761-763.
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  18.  49
    Tim Thornton (2004). Wittgenstein and the Limits of Empathic Understanding in Psychopathology. International Review of Psychiatry.
    Summary The aim of this paper is three-fold. Firstly, to briefly set out how strategic choices made about theorising about intentionality or content have actions at a distance for accounting for delusion. Secondly, to investigate how successfully a general difficulty facing a broadly interpretative approach to delusions might be eased by the application of any of three Wittgensteinian interpretative tools. Thirdly, to draw a general moral about how the later Wittgenstein gives more reason to be pessimistic than optimistic about the (...)
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  19.  66
    Tim Thornton (2002). Thought Insertion, Cognitivism, and Inner Space. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry.
    Introduction. Whatever its underlying causes, even the description of the phenomenon of thought insertion, of the content of the delusion, presents difficulty. It may seem that the best hope of a description comes from a broadly cognitivist approach to the mind which construes content-laden mental states as internal mental representations within what is literally an inner space: the space of the brain or nervous system. Such an approach objectifies thoughts in a way which might seem to hold out the prospect (...)
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  20.  66
    Helen Thornton (2005). State of Nature or Eden?: Thomas Hobbes and His Contemporaries on the Natural Condition of Human Beings. University of Rochester Press.
    State of nature or Eden? -- Hobbes' state of nature as an account of the fall? -- Hobbes' own belief or unbelief -- The contemporary reaction to Leviathan -- Hobbes and commentaries on Genesis -- A note on method and chapter order -- Good and evil -- Hobbes on good and evil -- The 'seditious doctrines' of the schoolmen -- The contemporary reaction -- The scriptural account -- The state of nature as an account of the fall? -- Equality and (...)
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  21. J. C. Thornton (1969). Determinism and Moral Reactive Attitudes. Ethics 79 (July):283-297.
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  22.  38
    M. T. Thornton (1969). Rundle on Referential Opacity. Analysis 29 (4):125 - 128.
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  23.  4
    Barbara C. Thornton, Daniel Callahan & James Lindemann Nelson (1993). Bioethics Education. Hastings Center Report 23 (1):25-29.
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  24.  28
    Francis Beauchesne Thornton (1952). A Catholic Book Chronicle: The Story of P. J. Kenedy & Sons. By Robert C. Healey. Renascence 4 (2):201-202.
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  25.  54
    Tim Thornton (2010). Psychiatric Explanation and Understanding. European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 6 (1):95-111.
    Jaspers’s binary distinction between understanding and explanation has given way first to a proliferation of explanatory levels and now, in John Campbell’s recent work, to a conception of explanation with no distinct levels of explanation and no inbuilt rationality requirement. I argue that there is still a role for understanding in psychiatry and that is to demystify the assumption that the states it concerns are mental. This role can be fulfilled by placing rationality at the heart of understanding without a (...)
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  26.  31
    Ian Thornton & Diego Fernandez-Duque (2002). Converging Evidence for the Detection of Change Without Awareness. Progress in Brain Research.
  27. Stephen Crain & Rosalind Thornton, Navigating Negative Quantificational Space.
    This paper reports the findings from an interconnected set of experiments designed to assess children’s knowledge of the semantic interactions between negation and quantified NPs. Our main finding is that young children, unlike adults, systematically interpret these elements on the basis of their position in overt syntax. We argue that this observation can be derived from an interplay between fundamental properties of universal grammar and basic learning principles. We show that even when children’s semantic knowledge appears to differ from that (...)
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  28. Stephen P. Thornton (2004). Solipsism and the Problem of Other Minds. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  29.  86
    Timothy Thornton (2003). Psychopathology and Two Kinds of Narrative Accounts of the Self. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 10 (4):361-367.
  30.  17
    Stephen Thornton (2008). Karl Popper. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  31.  80
    Mark Thornton (1981). Sellars' Scientific Realism: A Reply to Van Fraassen. Dialogue 20 (1):79-83.
  32. Tim Thornton (2004). The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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  33.  19
    Tyler J. Thornton (2009). Recognizing Semiotic Connections Between Geopolitics, Landscapes, and Communication. Semiotics:547-560.
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  34.  66
    Tim Thornton (2011). Capacity, Mental Mechanisms, and Unwise Decisions. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (2):127-132.
    The notion of capacity implicit in the Mental Capacity Act is subject to a tension between two claims. On the one hand, capacity is assessed relative to a particular decision. It is the capacity to make one kind of judgement, specifically, rather than another. So one can have capacity in one area and not have it in another. On the other hand, capacity is supposed to be independent of the ‘wisdom’ or otherwise of the decision made. (‘A person is not (...)
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  35.  14
    Andy Clark & Chris Thornton, Trading Spaces: Connectionism and the Limits of Uninformed Learning.
    It is widely appreciated that the difficulty of a particluar computation varies according to how the input data are presented. What is less understood is the effect of this computation/representation tradeoff within familiar learning paradigms. We argue that existing learning algoritms are often poorly equipped to solve problems involving a certain type of important and widespread regularity, which we call 'type-2' regularity. The solution in these cases is to trade achieved representation against computational search. We investigate several ways in which (...)
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  36.  14
    Stephen P. Thornton (1996). Facing Up to Feuerbach. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 39 (2):103 - 120.
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  37.  28
    Diego Fernandez-Duque & Ian Thornton (2003). Explicit Mechanisms Do Not Account for Implicit Localization and Identification of Change: An Empirical Reply to Mitroff Et Al (2000). Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (5).
    Several recent findings support the notion that changes in the environment can be implicitly represented by the visual system. S. R. Mitroff, D. J. Simons, and S. L. Franconeri (2002) challenged this view and proposed alternative interpretations based on explicit strategies. Across 4 experiments, the current study finds no empirical support for such alternative proposals. Experiment 1 shows that subjects do not rely on unchanged items when locating an unaware change. Experiments 2 and 3 show that unaware changes affect performance (...)
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  38.  28
    Tim Thornton (2000). Mental Illness and Reductionism: Can Functions Be Naturalized? Philosophy Psychiatry and Psychology 9 (1):229-253.
    There has been considerable recent philo- sophical work on the nature of mental illness. Two..
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  39.  37
    Mark T. Thornton (1972). Ostensive Terms and Materialism. The Monist 56 (April):193-214.
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  40.  52
    Mark Thornton, On the Nature of Money.
    into complex society and experienced tremendous economic development and high cultural achievement through the use of money. It has foundered or even been destroyed when money has been undermined. Ignorance of the nature of money should therefore be the central economic issue for society. Frédéric Bastiat was a French businessman who lived during the first half of the nineteenth century (1801–1850). In the last few years of his life he was elected to the national assembly and began a prolific career (...)
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  41.  76
    Tim Thornton (1997). Reasons and Causes in Philosophy and Psychopathology. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 4 (4):307-317.
    This paper examines the account offered by Bolton and Hill (1996) of how reasons can be causes, and thus how symptoms of mental disorders can be both caused and carry meaning. The central problem is to reconcile the causal and rationalizing powers of content-laden mental states. I draw out these two aspects by putting them in the context of recent work in analytical philosophy, including Davidson's token identity theory and his account of mental disorder. The latter, however, can be used (...)
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  42. Tim Thornton (2006). The Discursive Turn, Social Constructionism, and Dementia. In Julian C. Hughes, Stephen J. Louw & Steven R. Sabat (eds.), Dementia: Mind, Meaning, and the Person. Oxford University Press
  43. T. Thornton (2006). Judgement and the Role of the Metaphysics of Values in Medical Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (6):365-370.
    Despite its authors’ intentions, the four principles approach to medical ethics can become crudely algorithmic in practice. The first section sets out the bare bones of the four principles approach drawing out those aspects of Beauchamp and Childress’s Principles of biomedical ethics that encourage this misreading. The second section argues that if the emphasis on the guidance of moral judgement is augmented by a particularist account of what disciplines it, then the danger can be reduced. In the third section, I (...)
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  44.  68
    Stephen P. Thornton (2001). Sigmund Freud. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  45.  12
    Francis Beauchesne Thornton (1949). The Happy Tree. By Sheila Kaye-Smith Fry. Renascence 2 (1):72-73.
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  46.  68
    Chris Thornton (1997). Brave Mobots Use Representation: Emergence of Representation in Fight-or-Flight Learning. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 7 (4):475-494.
    The paper uses ideas from Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence and Genetic Algorithms to provide a model of the development of a fight-or-flight response in a simulated agent. The modelled development process involves (simulated) processes of evolution, learning and representation development. The main value of the model is that it provides an illustration of how simple learning processes may lead to the formation of structures which can be given a representational interpretation. It also shows how these may form the infrastructure for (...)
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  47.  51
    Chris Thornton & Andy Clark (1997). Relational Learning Re-Examined. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):83-83.
    We argue that existing learning algorithms are often poorly equipped to solve problems involving a certain type of important and widespread regularity that we call “type-2 regularity.” The solution in these cases is to trade achieved representation against computational search. We investigate several ways in which such a trade-off may be pursued including simple incremental learning, modular connectionism, and the developmental hypothesis of “representational redescription.”.
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  48.  10
    K. M. & R. L. Thornton (1992). Correspondence. The Classical Review 42 (01):257-.
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  49.  39
    Tim Thornton (2009). An Intellect in View. The Philosophers' Magazine 46 (46):108-110.
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  50.  18
    Tyler J. Thornton (2008). Using Hermeneutics to Understand How and Why People Give Meaning to Visual Communication Artifacts. Semiotics:269-277.
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