Search results for 'Carole Brooks Platt' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Carole Brooks Platt (2007). Presence, Poetry and the Collaborative Right Hemisphere. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (3):36.
     
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  2.  1
    John R. Platt (1972). Amount of Training, Deprivation, and Variability of Chain Length as Determinants of Response-Velocity Gradients in Homogeneous Chains. Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (2):191-197.
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  3.  14
    Carole Brooks Platt (2007). Presence, Poetry and the Collaborative Right Hemisphere. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (3):36-53.
  4.  39
    Rodney A. Brooks, How to Build Complete Creatures Rather Than Isolated Cognitive Simulators.
    Artificial Intelligence as a discipline has gotten bogged down in subproblems of intelligence. These subproblems are the result of applying reductionist methods to the goal of creating a complete artificial thinking mind. In Brooks (1987) 1 have argued that these methods will lead us to solving irrelevant problems; interesting as intellectual puzzles, but useless in the long run for creating an artificial being.
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  5.  18
    Peter Brooks (1987). The Idea of a Psychoanalytic Literary Criticism. Critical Inquiry 13 (2):334-348.
    Psychoanalytic literary criticism has always been something of an embarrassment. One resists labeling as a “psychoanalytic critic” because the kind of criticism evoked by the term mostly deserves the bad name it largely has made for itself. Thus I have been worrying about the status of some of my own uses of psychoanalysis in the study of narrative, in my attempt to find dynamic models that might move us beyond the static formalism of structuralist and semiotic narratology. And in general, (...)
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  6.  22
    Colin M. Angle & Rodney A. Brooks, Small Planetary Rovers.
    We have previously built a small IKg ([Angle 89] and [Brooks 89]) six legged walking robot named Genghis. It was remarkably successful as a testbed to develop walking and learning algorithms. It encouraged us to build a more fully engineered robot with higher performance. We are building two copies of the robot, both 1.6Kg in mass. Their generic name is Attila. Attila has 24 actuators and over 150 sensors, all connected via a local network (the I2C bus) to 11 (...)
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  7. Thom Brooks (ed.) (2015). Current Controversies in Political Philosophy. Routledge.
    Current Controversies in Political Philosophy brings together an international team of leading philosophers to explore and debate four key and dynamic issues in the field in an accessible way. Should we all be cosmopolitans? – Gillian Brock and Cara Nine Are rights important? – Rowan Cruft and Sonu Bedi Is sexual objectification wrong and, if so, why? – Lina Papadaki and Scott Anderson What to do about climate change? – Alexa Zellentin and Thom Brooks These questions are the focus (...)
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  8. Thom Brooks & Martha C. Nussbaum (eds.) (2015). Rawls's Political Liberalism. Cup.
    Widely hailed as one of the most significant works in modern political philosophy, John Rawls's _Political Liberalism_ defended a powerful vision of society that respects reasonable ways of life, both religious and secular. These core values have never been more critical as anxiety grows over political and religious difference and new restrictions are placed on peaceful protest and individual expression. This anthology of original essays suggests new, groundbreaking applications of Rawls's work in multiple disciplines and contexts. Thom Brooks, Martha (...)
     
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  9. Peter Brooks (1991). Response to Charles Bernheimer. Critical Inquiry 17 (4):875-877.
    I suppose I should be grateful to Charles Bernheimer for setting me back on the path of righteousness from which I appear to have so grievously strayed. But I think Bernheimer and I are in deep disagreement about the purposes of literary criticism, and this may make me, in his perspective, a hopeless case. Bernheimer reads my article, “Storied Bodies, or Nana at Last Unveil’d,” as intending “to empower women by putting their sexuality at the generative origin of story” . (...)
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  10. Peter Brooks (1989). Storied Bodies, or Nana at Last Unveil'd. Critical Inquiry 16 (1):1-32.
    A major preoccupation of that novel [Zola’s Nana] is the undressing of the courtesan Nana. One could even say that a major dynamic of the novel is stripping Nana, and stripping away at her, making per progressively expose the secrets of this golden body that has Paris in thrall. The first chapter of the novel provides, quite literally, a mise-en-scène for Nana’s body, in the operetta La Blonde Vénus. When she comes on stage in the third act, a shiver passes (...)
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  11. Rodney Brooks (1991). Intelligence Without Representation. Artificial Intelligence 47:139-159.
    Artificial intelligence research has foundered on the issue of representation. When intelligence is approached in an incremental manner, with strict reliance on interfacing to the real world through perception and action, reliance on representation disappears. In this paper we outline our approach to incrementally building complete intelligent Creatures. The fundamental decomposition of the intelligent system is not into independent information processing units which must interface with each other via representations. Instead, the intelligent system is decomposed into independent and parallel activity (...)
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  12. D. R. Brooks (1988). Evolution as Entropy: Toward a Unified Theory of Biology. University of Chicago Press.
    "By combining recent advances in the physical sciences with some of the novel ideas, techniques, and data of modern biology, this book attempts to achieve a new and different kind of evolutionary synthesis. I found it to be challenging, fascinating, infuriating, and provocative, but certainly not dull."--James H, Brown, University of New Mexico "This book is unquestionably mandatory reading not only for every living biologist but for generations of biologists to come."--Jack P. Hailman, Animal Behaviour , review of the first (...)
     
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  13.  39
    Thom Brooks (2013/2009). Hegel's Political Philosophy: A Systematic Reading of the Philosophy of Right. Edinburgh University Press.
    A new edition of the first systematic reading of Hegel's political philosophy Elements of the Philosophy of Right is widely acknowledged to be one of the most important works in the history of political philosophy. This is the first book on the subject to take Hegel's system of speculative philosophy seriously as an important component of any robust understanding of this text. Key Features •Sets out the difference between 'systematic' and 'non-systematic' readings of Philosophy of Right •Outlines the unique structure (...)
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  14. Lee R. Brooks (1978). Nonanalytic Concept Formation and Memory for Instances. In Eleanor Rosch & Barbara Lloyd (eds.), Cognition and Categorization. Lawrence Elbaum Associates 3--170.
     
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  15.  31
    Rodney A. Brooks, New Approaches to Robotics.
    In order to build autonomous robots that can carry out useful work in unstructured environments new approaches have been developed to building intelligent systems. The relationship to traditional academic robotics and traditional artificial intelligence is examined. In the new approaches a tight coupling of sensing to action produces architectures for intelligence that are networks of simple computational elements which are quite broad, but not very deep. Recent work within this approach has demonstrated the use of representations, expectations, plans, goals, and (...)
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  16.  9
    Jessica F. Cantlon, Michael L. Platt & Elizabeth M. Brannon (2009). Beyond the Number Domain. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (2):83-91.
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  17.  32
    Thom Brooks (2012). Punishment. Routledge.
    Punishment is a topic of increasing importance for citizens and policy makers. Why should we punish criminals? Which theory of punishment is most compelling? Is the death penalty ever justified? These questions and many others are addressed in this highly engaging guide. Punishment is a critical introduction to the philosophy of punishment offering a new and refreshing approach that will benefit readers of all backgrounds and interests. This is the first critical guide to examine all leading contemporary theories of punishment, (...)
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  18. Peter Brooks (2012). Outcomes, Testing, Learning: What's at Stake? Social Research: An International Quarterly 79 (3):601-611.
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  19.  12
    Larry L. Jacoby & Lee R. Brooks (1984). Nonanalytic Cognition: Memory, Perception, and Concept Learning. In Gordon H. Bower (ed.), The Psychology of Learning and Motivation. Academic Press 18--1.
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  20.  6
    Andrew M. Brooks & Gregory S. Berns (2013). Aversive Stimuli and Loss in the Mesocorticolimbic Dopamine System. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (6):281-286.
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  21.  2
    E. Bruce Brooks & A. Taeko Brooks (1998). The Original Analects: Sayings of Confucius and His Successors. Columbia University Press.
    This new translation presents the _Analects_ in a revolutionary new format that, for the first time in any language, distinguishes the original words of the Master from the later sayings of his disciples and their followers, enabling readers to experience China's most influential philosophical work in its true historical, social, and political context.
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  22.  5
    Thom Brooks (2013). Should We Nudge Informed Consent? American Journal of Bioethics 13 (6):22-23.
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  23.  66
    John I. Brooks (1991). Analogy and Argumentation in an Interdisciplinary Context: Durkheim's 'Individual and Collective Representations'. History of the Human Sciences 4 (2):223-259.
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  24.  16
    Leonard J. Brooks (1989). Corporate Codes of Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 8 (2-3):117 - 129.
    The majority of North American corporations awakened to the need for their own ethical guidelines during the late 1970s and early 1980s, even though modern corporations are subject to a surprising multiplicity of external codes of ethics or conduct. This paper provides an understanding of both internal and external codes through a discussion of the factors behind the development of the codes, an analysis of internal codes and an identification of problems with them.
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  25. D. H. M. Brooks (1978). Assertions: A Reply to Cohen. Analysis 38 (1):56 - 58.
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  26. Jennifer Platt (1994). The Chicago School and Firsthand Data. History of the Human Sciences 7 (1):57-80.
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  27.  2
    Andrew N. Meltzoff & Rechele Brooks (2001). “Like Me” as a Building Block for Understanding Other Minds: Bodily Acts, Attention, and Intention. In Bertram Malle, L. J. Moses & Dare Baldwin (eds.), Intentions and Intentionality: Foundations of Social Cognition. MIT Press 171--191.
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  28. Thom Brooks (2004). Retributivist Arguments Against Capital Punishment. Journal of Social Philosophy 35 (2):188–197.
    This article argues that even if we grant that murderers may deserve death in principle, retributivists should still oppose capital punishment. The reason? Our inability to know with certainty whether or not individuals possess the necessary level of desert. In large part due to advances in science, we can only be sure that no matter how well the trial is administered or how many appeals are allowed or how many years we let elapse, we will continue to execute innocent persons (...)
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  29.  9
    Jonathan W. Schooler, Stellan Ohlsson & Kevin Brooks (1993). Thoughts Beyond Words: When Language Overshadows Insight. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 122 (2):166.
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  30.  6
    David Barner, Neon Brooks & Alan Bale (2011). Accessing the Unsaid: The Role of Scalar Alternatives in Children’s Pragmatic Inference. Cognition 118 (1):84-93.
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  31. A. N. Meltzoff & R. Brooks (2001). Like Me” as a Building Block for Understanding Other Minds: Bodily Acts, Attention, and Intention. Ed. Malle, BF, L. J. Moses, and DA Baldwin. [REVIEW] In Bertram Malle, L. J. Moses & Dare Baldwin (eds.), Intentions and Intentionality: Foundations of Social Cognition. MIT Press 171--91.
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  32.  12
    Rodney A. Brooks, From Earwigs to Humans.
    Both direct, and evolved, behavior-based approaches to mobile robots have yielded a number of interesting demonstrations of robots that navigate, map, plan and operate in the real world. The work can best be described as attempts to emulate insect level locomotion and navigation, with very little work on behavior-based non-trivial manipulation of the world. There have been some behavior-based attempts at exploring social interactions, but these too have been modeled after the sorts of social interactions we see in insects. But (...)
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  33. D. H. M. Brooks (1985). Strawson, Hume, and the Unity of Consciousness. Mind 94 (October):583-86.
  34.  58
    Andrew R. Platt (2011). Divine Activity and Motive Power in Descartes's Physics. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (4):623 - 646.
    This paper is the first of a two-part reexamination of causation in Descartes's physics. Some scholars ? including Gary Hatfield and Daniel Garber ? take Descartes to be a `partial' Occasionalist, who thinks that God alone is the cause of all natural motion. Contra this interpretation, I agree with literature that links Descartes to the Thomistic theory of divine concurrence. This paper surveys this literature, and argues that it has failed to provide an interpretation of Descartes's view that both distinguishes (...)
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  35. Thom Brooks (2007). Between Natural Law and Legal Positivism: Dworkin and Hegel on Legal Theory. Georgia State University Law Review 23 (3):513-60.
    In this article, I argue that - despite the absence of any clear influence of one theory on the other - the legal theories of Dworkin and Hegel share several similar and, at times, unique positions that join them together within a distinctive school of legal theory, sharing a middle position between natural law and legal positivism. In addition, each theory can help the other in addressing certain internal difficulties. By recognizing both Hegel and (...)
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  36.  1
    Wendy Sword, Alexander M. Clark, Kathleen Hegadoren, Sandra Brooks & Dawn Kingston (2012). The Complexity of Postpartum Mental Health and Illness: A Critical Realist Study. Nursing Inquiry 19 (1):51-62.
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  37.  12
    John M. Pearson, Sarah R. Heilbronner, David L. Barack, Benjamin Y. Hayden & Michael L. Platt (2011). Posterior Cingulate Cortex: Adapting Behavior to a Changing World. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (4):143-151.
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  38. Thom Brooks (2009). The Problem with Polygamy. Philosophical Topics 37 (2):109-22.
    <span class='Hi'>Polygamy</span> is a hotly contested practice and open to widespread misunderstandings. This practice is defined as a relationship between either one husband and multiple wives or one wife and multiple husbands. Today, '<span class='Hi'>polygamy</span>' almost exclusively takes the form of one husband with multiple wives. In this article, my focus will centre on limited defences of <span class='Hi'>polygamy</span> offered recently by Chesire Calhoun and Martha Nussbaum. I will argue that these defences are unconvincing. The problem with <span class='Hi'>polygamy</span> is (...)
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  39. Thom Brooks (2003). Kant's Theory of Punishment. Utilitas 15 (2):206.
    The most widespread interpretation amongst contemporary theorists of Kant's theory of punishment is that it is retributivist. On the contrary, I will argue there are very different senses in which Kant discusses punishment. He endorses retribution for moral law transgressions and consequentialist considerations for positive law violations. When these standpoints are taken into consideration, Kant's theory of punishment is more coherent and unified than previously thought. This reading uncovers a new problem in Kant's theory of punishment. By assuming a potential (...)
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  40.  26
    Thom Brooks (2010). Punishment. Oxford Bibliographies Online.
    The punishment of criminals is a topic of long-standing philosophical interest since the ancient Greeks. This interest has focused on several considerations, including the justification of punishment, who should be permitted to punish, and how we might best set punishments for crimes. This entry focuses on the most important contributions in this field. The focus will be on specific theoretical approaches to punishment including both traditional theories of punishment (retributivism, deterrence, rehabilitation) and more contemporary alternatives (expressivism, restorative justice, hybrid theories, (...)
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  41.  2
    Glenn Regehr & Lee R. Brooks (1993). Perceptual Manifestations of an Analytic Structure: The Priority of Holistic Individuation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 122 (1):92.
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  42. Thom Brooks (2012). The Academic Journal Editor: Secrets Revealed. Journal of Moral Philosophy 9 (3):313-325.
    Academic publishing is a world filled with more mystery than revelation. Often the best advice is made available only to those lucky enough to hear it by word of mouth. This is no less true with editing academic journals. I have enjoyed the honour of launching the Journal of Moral Philosophy and serving as its editor for the last ten years. I actively sought out the best advice on a number of issues from editors serving on leading journals as well (...)
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  43.  8
    P. J. Brooks & M. D. Braine (1996). What Do Children Know About the Universal Quantifiers All and Each? Cognition 60 (3):235-268.
    Children's comprehension of the universal quantifiers all and each was explored in a series of experiments using a picture selection task. The first experiment examined children's ability to restrict a quantifier to the noun phrase it modifies. The second and third experiments examined children's ability to associate collective, distributive, and exhaustive representations with sentences containing universal quantifiers. The collective representation corresponds to the "group" meaning (for All the flowers are in a vase all of the flowers are in the same (...)
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  44. Thom Brooks (2007). Equality and Democracy. Ethical Perspectives 14 (1):3-12.
    In a recent article, Thomas Christiano defends the intrinsic justice of democracy grounded in the principle of equal consideration of interests. Each citizen is entitled to a single vote, equal in weight to all other citizens. The problem with this picture is that all citizens must meet a threshold of minimal competence. -/- My argument is that Christiano is wrong to claim a minimum threshold of competency is fully consistent with the principle of equality. While standards of minimal competency may (...)
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  45.  23
    Thomas Platt (1975). Two Views on the Function of Law. Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 6 (3):173-179.
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  46.  41
    Rodney A. Brooks, A Robot That Walks; Emergent Behaviors From a Carefully Evolved Network.
    Most animals have significant behavioral expertise built in without having to explicitly learn it all from scratch. This expertise is a product of evolution of the organism; it can be viewed as a very long term form of learning which provides a structured system within which individuals might learn more specialized skills or abilities. This paper suggests one possible mechanism for analagous robot evolution by describing a carefully designed series of networks, each one being a strict augmentation of the (...)
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  47. Thom Brooks, Climate Change and Negative Duties.
    It is widely accepted by the scientific community and beyond that human beings are primarily responsible for climate change and that climate change has brought with it a number of real problems. These problems include, but are not limited to, greater threats to coastal communities, greater risk of famine, and greater risk that tropical diseases may spread to new territory. In keeping with J. S. Mill's 'Harm Principle', green political theorists often respond that if we are contributing a harm to (...)
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  48.  91
    Thom Brooks (2009). A Critique of Pragmatism and Deliberative Democracy. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 45 (1):pp. 50-54.
    This paper offers two potential worries in Robert B. Talisse's A Pragmatist Philosophy of Democracy. The first worry is that is that the picture of democracy on offer is incomplete. While Talisse correctly argues that democracy is about more than elections, democracy is also about more than deliberation between citizens. Talisse's deliberative democracy is problematic to the degree its view of deliberation fails to account for democracy. The second worry we may have concerns the relationship between Talisse's Peircean pragmatism and (...)
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  49.  7
    Eleanor Brooks & Robert Geyer (2012). From DTCA‐PD to Patient Information to Health Information: The Complex Politics and Semantics of EU Health Policy. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (6):1235-1240.
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  50.  15
    Leonard J. Brooks (1997). Business Ethics in Canada: Distinctiveness and Directions. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (6):591-604.
    This article examines the pressures and players that have shaped business ethics in Canadian corporations, and reports on the status of Canadian corporate social performance in 1995. Business in Canada has not been subject, up to 1996, to a powerful national institutional framework such as the US Securities and Exchange Commission and the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. Consequently, business ethics in Canada have developed primarily in response to broader socio-political and socio-economic factors than in the US, and will probably continue (...)
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