Search results for 'Caroline Gauthier' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Caroline Gauthier (2005). Measuring Corporate Social and Environmental Performance: The Extended Life-Cycle Assessment. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 59 (1-2):199 - 206.score: 240.0
    This papers attempts to bridge business ethics to corporate social responsibility including the social and environmental dimensions. The objective of the paper is to suggest an improvement of the most commonly used corporate environmental management tool, the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). The method includes two stages. First, more phases are added to the life-cycle of a product. Second, social criteria that measure the social performance of a product are introduced. An application of this “extended” LCA tool is given.
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  2. Caroline Gauthier & Corine Genet (2013). Nanotechnologies and Green Knowledge Creation: Paradox or Enhancer of Sustainable Solutions? Journal of Business Ethics:1-13.score: 240.0
    By exploring whether nanotechnologies have the potential to generate green innovations, we consider the paradox between the negative and positive side-effects that could come with the development of nanotechnologies. Starting from the conceptual framework of green product innovation, the potential green innovation activity of more than 14,000 firms of the nanotech sector is investigated. Using a query-search method, their patenting activity is explored. Results first show that there is an increasing trend toward the creation of fundamental green knowledge by firms (...)
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  3. Rex Martin, David Gauthier & Peter Vallentyne (1993). Moral Dealing: Contract, Ethics, and Reason.Contractarianism and Rational Choice: Essays on David Gauthier's Morals by Agreement. Philosophical Quarterly 43 (172):373.score: 180.0
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  4. David P. Gauthier (1986). Morals by Agreement. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Is morality rational? In this book Gauthier argues that moral principles are principles of rational choice. He proposes a principle whereby choice is made on an agreed basis of cooperation, rather than according to what would give an individual the greatest expectation of value. He shows that such a principle not only ensures mutual benefit and fairness, thus satisfying the standards of morality, but also that each person may actually expect greater utility by adhering to morality, even though the (...)
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  5. David P. Gauthier (2006). Rousseau: The Sentiment of Existence. Cambridge University Press.score: 60.0
    The distinguished philosopher David Gauthier examines Rousseau's evolving notion of freedom, particularly in his later works, where he focuses on a single quest: Can freedom and the independent self be regained? Rousseau's first answer is given in Emile, where he seeks to create a self-sufficient individual, neither materially nor psychologically enslaved to others. His second answer comes in the Social Contract, where he seeks to create a citizen who identifies totally with his community, so that he experiences his dependence (...)
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  6. François Gauthier (forthcoming). Guy BORDIN, On dansait seulement la nuit. Fêtes chez les Inuit du nord de la Terre de Baffin. Rhuthmos.score: 60.0
    Ce compte rendu a déjà paru dans les Archives de sciences sociales des religions 164 | 2013. Nous remercions beaucoup François Gauthier et les ASSR de nous avoir autorisé à le reproduire ici. G. Bordin, On dansait seulement la nuit. Fêtes chez les Inuit du nord de la Terre de Baffin, Nanterre, Publications de la Société d'ethnologie, coll. « Anthropologie de la nuit », 2011, 116 p. Ce beau petit livre publié par la Société d'ethnologie de Nanterre s'inscrit dans (...)
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  7. David P. Gauthier (1970). Morality and Rational Self-Interest. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,Prentice-Hall.score: 60.0
    Reason, egoism, and utilitarianism, by H. Sidgwick.--Is egoism reasonable? By G. E. Moore.--Ultimate principles and ethical egoism, by B. Medlin.--In defense of egoism, by J. Kalin.--Virtuous affections and self-love, by F. Hutcheson.--Our obligation to virtue, by D. Hume.--Duty and interest, by H. A. Prichard.--The natural condition of mankind and the laws of nature, by T. Hobbes.--Why should we be moral? By K. Baier.--Morality and advantage, by D. P. Gauthier.--Bibliographical essay (p. 181-184).
     
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  8. David P. Gauthier (1967). Morality and Advantage. Philosophical Review 76 (4):460-475.score: 30.0
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  9. David Gauthier (1977). The Social Contract as Ideology. Philosophy and Public Affairs 6 (2):130-164.score: 30.0
    The conception of social relationships as contractual lies at the core of our ideology. Indeed, that core is constituted by the intersection of this conception with the correlative conceptions of human activity as appropriate and of rationality as utility-maximizing. My concern is to clarify this thesis and to enhance its descriptive plausibility as a characterization of our ideology, but to undermine its normative plausibility as ideologically effective.
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  10. David P. Gauthier (1969). The Logic of Leviathan: The Moral and Political Theory of Thomas Hobbes. Oxford, Clarendon P..score: 30.0
    I THE NATURE OF MAN To understand morals and politics, understand man. Leviathan , 'that mortal god, to which we owe under the immortal God, our peace and ...
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  11. Jeffrey Gauthier (2011). Prostitution, Sexual Autonomy, and Sex Discrimination. Hypatia 26 (1):166 - 186.score: 30.0
    Feminist critics of the stigmatization of prostitution such as Martha Nussbaum and Sybil Schwarzenbach argue that the features of the practice do not, or at least need not, differ essentially from those of other more respected sorts of labor. I argue that even the least degraded forms of the current practice of prostitution remain objectionable on feminist grounds because patrons demand a semblance of sexual self-expression that engages discriminatory beliefs about women's sexuality.
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  12. David Gauthier (1979). David Hume, Contractarian. Philosophical Review 88 (1):3-38.score: 30.0
  13. Kathy Fitzpatrick & Candace Gauthier (2001). Toward a Professional Responsibility Theory of Public Relations Ethics. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 16 (2 & 3):193 – 212.score: 30.0
    This article contributes to the development of a professional responsibility theory of public relations ethics. Toward that end, we examine the roles of a public relations practitioner as a professional, an institutional advocate, and the public conscience of institutions served. In the article, we review previously suggested theories of public relations ethics and propose a new theory based on the public relations professional's dual obligations to serve client organizations and the public interest.
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  14. Yvon Gauthier (1981). The Scientific Image, Par Bas C. Van Fraassen, Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1980. 238 Pages. [REVIEW] Dialogue 20 (03):579-586.score: 30.0
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  15. David Gauthier, Excerpt From Morals by Agreement.score: 30.0
    'There is nothing either good or bad, but thinking makes it so.'l But if things considered in themselves are neither good nor bad, if there is no realm of value existing independently of animate beings and their activities, then thought is not the activity that summons value into being. Hume reminds us, 'Reason is, and ought only to be the slave of the passions', and while Hume's dictum has been widely disputed, we shall defend it.2 Desire, not thought, and volition, (...)
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  16. David Gauthier (1982). Three Against Justice: The Foole, the Sensible Knave, and the Lydian Shepherd. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 7 (1):11-29.score: 30.0
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  17. David Gauthier (1979). Thomas Hobbes: Moral Theorist. Journal of Philosophy 76 (10):547-559.score: 30.0
  18. Yvon Gauthier (2009). The Construction of Chaos Theory. Foundations of Science 14 (3):153-165.score: 30.0
    This paper aims at a logico-mathematical analysis of the concept of chaos from the point of view of a constructivist philosophy of physics. The idea of an internal logic of chaos theory is meant as an alternative to a realist conception of chaos. A brief historical overview of the theory of dynamical systems is provided in order to situate the philosophical problem in the context of probability theory. A finitary probabilistic account of chaos amounts to the theory of measurement in (...)
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  19. Candace Cummins Gauthier (2000). Moral Responsibility and Respect for Autonomy: Meeting the Communitarian Challenge. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 10 (4):337-352.score: 30.0
    : The principle of respect for autonomy has come under increasing attack both within health care ethics, specifically, and as part of the more general communitarian challenge to predominantly liberal values. This paper will demonstrate the importance of respect for autonomy for the social practice of assigning moral responsibility and for the development of moral responsibility as a virtue. Guided by this virtue, the responsible exercise of autonomy may provide a much-needed connection between the individual and the community.
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  20. David Gauthier (1997). Political Contractarianism. Journal of Political Philosophy 5 (2):132–148.score: 30.0
  21. David Gauthier (1994). Assure and Threaten. Ethics 104 (4):690-721.score: 30.0
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  22. David Gauthier (1974). The Impossibility of Rational Egoism. Journal of Philosophy 71 (14):439-456.score: 30.0
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  23. David P. Gauthier (1997). Hobbes on Demonstration and Construction. Journal of the History of Philosophy 35 (4):509-521.score: 30.0
  24. Yvon Gauthier (2005). Hermann Weyl on Minkowskian Space-Time and Riemannian Geometry. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 19 (3):261 – 269.score: 30.0
    Hermann Weyl as a founding father of field theory in relativistic physics and quantum theory always stressed the internal logic of mathematical and physical theories. In line with his stance in the foundations of mathematics, Weyl advocated a constructivist approach in physics and geometry. An attempt is made here to present a unified picture of Weyl's conception of space-time theories from Riemann to Minkowski. The emphasis is on the mathematical foundations of physics and the foundational significance of a constructivist philosophical (...)
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  25. David Gauthier (1988). Symposium Papers, Comments and an Abstract: Hobbes's Social Contract. Noûs 22 (1):71-82.score: 30.0
  26. Candace Cummins Gauthier (2002). Privacy Invasion by the News Media: Three Ethical Models. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 17 (1):20 – 34.score: 30.0
    In this article I provide an overview of philosophical conceptions of privacy and suggest 3 models to assist with the ethical analysis of privacy invasion by the news media. The models are framed by respect for persons (Kantian), the comparison of harms and benefits (Utilitarian), and the transfer of power. After describing the models, I demonstrate how they can be applied to news reporting that invades the privacy of public figures.
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  27. David Gauthier (1987). Reason to Be Moral? Synthese 72 (1):5 - 27.score: 30.0
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  28. David Gauthier (1995). Game Theory and the Social Contract Volume 1: Playing Fair, Binmore Ken. The MIT Press, 1994, Xxii + 364 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 11 (02):391-.score: 30.0
  29. David Gauthier (1997). Resolute Choice and Rational Deliberation: A Critique and a Defense. Noûs 31 (1):1-25.score: 30.0
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  30. David Gauthier (1984). Deterrence, Maximization, and Rationality. Ethics 94 (3):474-495.score: 30.0
  31. David Gauthier (1975). Coordination. Dialogue 14 (02):195-221.score: 30.0
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  32. David P. Gauthier (1967). Progress and Happiness: A Utilitarian Reconsideration. Ethics 78 (1):77-82.score: 30.0
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  33. Candace Cummins Gauthier (1999). Right to Know, Press Freedom, Public Discourse. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 14 (4):197 – 212.score: 30.0
    The people's right to know and press rights to gather and publish information remain dominant justifications for controversial media activities. Yet, the power of the media to set the agenda for public discourse in our country warrants a careful analysis of these rights, their corresponding responsibilities, and their moral limits. This article examines the right to know and press freedom from the perspective of their shared purpose, facilitation of informed decision making. This article also demonstrates moral justification of limits (...)
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  34. David Gauthier (1985). Bargaining and Justice. Social Philosophy and Policy 2 (02):29-.score: 30.0
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  35. David Gauthier (1994). Breaking Up: An Essay on Secession. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 24 (3):357 - 371.score: 30.0
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  36. David Gauthier (1985). The Unity of Reason: A Subversive Reinterpretation of Kant. Ethics 96 (1):74-88.score: 30.0
  37. R. Fornet-Betancourt, H. Becker, A. Gomez-Muller & J. D. Gauthier (1987). The Ethic of Care for the Self as a Practice of Freedom: An Interview with Michel Foucault on January 20, 1984. Philosophy and Social Criticism 12 (2-3):112-131.score: 30.0
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  38. David Gauthier (1978). Social Choice and Distributive Justice. Philosophia 7 (2):239-253.score: 30.0
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  39. David Gauthier (2003). Are We Moral Debtors? [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 66 (1):162–168.score: 30.0
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  40. Yvon Gauthier (1978). Foundational Problems of Number Theory. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 19 (1):92-100.score: 30.0
  41. David Gauthier (1977). Why Ought One Obey God? Reflections on Hobbes and Locke. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 7 (3):425 - 446.score: 30.0
  42. David Gauthier (1992). Artificial Virtues and the Sensible Knave. Hume Studies 18 (2):401-427.score: 30.0
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  43. Yvon Gauthier (2008). From Fermat to Gauss: Indefinite Descent and Methods of Reduction in Number Theory Paolo Bussotti Augsburg, Erwin Rauner Verlag, 2006, 574 p. [REVIEW] Dialogue 47 (02):411-.score: 30.0
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  44. David Gauthier (1974). Justice and Natural Endowment. Social Theory and Practice 3 (1):3-26.score: 30.0
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  45. David Gauthier (1974). Rational Cooperation. Noûs 8 (1):53-65.score: 30.0
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  46. Candace Cummins Gauthier (2005). The Virtue of Moral Responsibility and the Obligations of Patients. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (2):153 – 166.score: 30.0
    The American Medical Association has provided a list of patient responsibilities, said to be derived from patient autonomy, without providing any justification for this derivation. In this article, the virtue of moral responsibility is proposed as a way to justify these kinds of limits on respect for individual autonomy. The need for such limits is explained by examining the traditional principles of health care ethics. What is missing in health care decision making, and can be provided by the virtue of (...)
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  47. Jean Pettifor, Janel Gauthier & Andrea Ferrero (2011). The Universal Declaration of Ethical Principles for Psychologists: A Culture-Sensitive Model for Creating and Reviewing a Code of Ethics. Ethics and Behavior 20 (3):179-196.score: 30.0
    Psychologists live in a globalizing world where traditional boundaries are fading and, therefore, increasingly work with persons from diverse cultural backgrounds. The Universal Declaration of Ethical Principles for Psychologists provides a moral framework of universally acceptable ethical principles based on shared human values across cultures. The application of its moral framework in developing codes of ethics and reviewing current codes may help psychologists to respond ethically in a rapidly changing world. In this article, a model is presented to demonstrate how (...)
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  48. David P. Gauthier (1968). The Unity of Wisdom and Temperance. Journal of the History of Philosophy 6 (2).score: 30.0
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  49. Yvon Gauthier (1985). Representing and Intervening: Introductory Topics in the Philosophy of Natural Science Ian Hacking Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983. 287 P. [REVIEW] Dialogue 24 (01):162-.score: 30.0
    This is a lively and clearly written introduction to the philosophy of natural science, organized around the central theme of scientific realism. It has two parts. 'Representing' deals with the different philosophical accounts of scientific objectivity and the reality of scientific entities. The views of Kuhn, Feyerabend, Lakatos, Putnam, van Fraassen, and others, are all considered. 'Intervening' presents the first sustained treatment of experimental science for many years and uses it to give a new direction to debates about realism. Hacking (...)
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  50. Yvon Gauthier (2006). L'ouverture au Probable. Éléments de Logique Inductive Ian Hacking Traduit de l'Anglais Par Michel Dufour Paris, Armand Colin, 2004. Dialogue 45 (01):191-.score: 30.0
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