Search results for 'Carolyn Dicey Jennings' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Carolyn Dicey Jennings (University of California Merced)
  1. Carolyn Dicey Jennings (2012). The Subject of Attention. Synthese 189 (3):535-554.score: 870.0
    The absence of a common understanding of attention plagues current research on the topic. Combining the findings from three domains of research on attention, this paper presents a univocal account that fits normal use of the term as well as its many associated phenomena: attention is a process of mental selection that is within the control of the subject. The role of the subject is often excluded from naturalized accounts, but this paper will be an exception to that rule. The (...)
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  2. Carolyn Dicey Jennings (forthcoming). Attention and Perceptual Organization. Philosophical Studies:1-14.score: 870.0
    How does attention contribute to perceptual experience? Within cognitive science, attention is known to contribute to the organization of sensory features into perceptual objects, or “object-based organization.” The current paper tackles a different type of organization and thus suggests a different role for attention in conscious perception. Within every perceptual experience we find that more subjectively interesting percepts stand out in the foreground, whereas less subjectively interesting percepts are relegated to the background. The sight of a sycamore often gains the (...)
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  3. Nick R. Jennings (1996). David Cockburn Nick R. Jennings. In N. Jennings & G. O'Hare (eds.), Foundations of Distributed Artificial Intelligence. Wiley. 9--319.score: 180.0
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  4. John Campbell (2012). Inductions About Attention and Consciousness: Comments on Carolyn Suchy-Dicey,'Inductive Scepticism and the Methodological Argument'. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):610-612.score: 120.0
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  5. Richard C. Jennings (2006). Science, Truth and Ethics. Think 4 (12):85-87.score: 60.0
    Richard Jennings unpacks some of the complex ethical issues surrounding scientific research.
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  6. Theodore W. Jennings (1985). Beyond Theism: A Grammar of God-Language. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    What do we mean when we talk about "God?" Does this term actually refer to anything in our experience? This book opens up significant new approaches to one of the most important problems confronting theology and the philosophy of religion, namely, the problem of "God-language." Current philosophical concerns over language have intensified the difficulty of talking about God: The necessity of formally proving the "meaningfulness" of statements about God has led to theological dead ends on the one hand and a (...)
     
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  7. Marianne Jennings (2006). The Seven Signs of Ethical Collapse: How to Spot Moral Meltdowns in Companies-- Before It's Too Late. St. Martin's Press.score: 60.0
    Do you want to make sure you · Don’t invest your money in the next Enron? · Don’t go to work for the next WorldCom right before the crash? · Identify and solve problems in your organization before they send it crashing to the ground? Marianne Jennings has spent a lifetime studying business ethics---and ethical failures. In demand nationwide as a speaker and analyst on business ethics, she takes her decades of findings and shows us in The Seven Signs (...)
     
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  8. Larry R. Smeltzer & Marianne M. Jennings (1998). Why an International Code of Business Ethics Would Be Good for Business. Journal of Business Ethics 17 (1):57 - 66.score: 30.0
    Many international business training programs present a viewpoint of cultural relativism that encourages business people to adapt to the host country's culture. This paper presents an argument that cultural relativism is not always appropriate for business ethics; rather, a code of conduct must be adapted which presents guidelines for core ethical business conduct across cultures. Both moral and economic evidence is provided to support the argument for a universal code of ethics. Also, four steps are presented that will help ensure (...)
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  9. Robert J. Aalberts & Marianne M. Jennings (1999). The Ethics of Slotting: Is This Bribery, Facilitation Marketing or Just Plain Competition? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 20 (3):207 - 215.score: 30.0
    The practice of manufacturers' payments of fees to retailers for the display and sale of their products has become a common practice. In the grocery retail business, the fees paid by manufacturers are called slotting fees, or a payment made for a slot on the shelf. The same practice is used now in the retail book industry. Large book chains command high fees from publishers for the prominent display of books. Entrepreneur's products are often precluded from stores and markets because (...)
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  10. Bruce Jennings (1991). The Regulation of Virtue: Cross-Currents in Professional Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 10 (8):561 - 568.score: 30.0
    This paper argues that more attention should be paid to the civic functions of ethical discourse about the professions and to the moral virtues inherent in their practice and traditions. The ability of professional ethics to articulate civic ideals and virtues is discussed in relation to three issues. First, should professional ethics aim to enlighten ethical understanding or to motivate ethical conduct? Second, how should professional ethics define the professional's moral responsibilities in the face of ethical dilemmas — should the (...)
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  11. Heather E. Canary & Marianne M. Jennings (2008). Principles and Influence in Codes of Ethics: A Centering Resonance Analysis Comparing Pre- and Post-Sarbanes-Oxley Codes of Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 80 (2):263 - 278.score: 30.0
    This study examines the similarities and differences in pre- and post-Sarbanes-Oxley corporate ethics codes and codes of conduct using the framework of structuration theory. Following the passage of the Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX) legislation in 2002 in the United States, publicly traded companies there undertook development and revision of their codes of ethics in response to new regulatory requirements as well as incentives under the U.S. Corporate Sentencing Guidelines, which were also revised as part of the SOX mandates. Questions that remain are (...)
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  12. H. S. Jennings (1918). Mechanism and Vitalism. Philosophical Review 27 (6):577-596.score: 30.0
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  13. Richard C. Jennings (2004). Data Selection and Responsible Conduct: Was Millikan a Fraud? [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (4):639-653.score: 30.0
    This paper addresses a problem in reporting scientific research. The problem is how to distinguish between justifiable and unjustifiable data selection. Robert Millikan is notorious for an infamous remark that he used all his data when in fact he had used a selection. On this basis he has been accused of fraud. There is a tension here — historians and his defenders see his selection as understandable and legitimate, while current statements about the Responsible Conduct of Research imply his selection (...)
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  14. Bruce Jennings (2009). Public Health and Liberty: Beyond the Millian Paradigm. Public Health Ethics 2 (2):123-134.score: 30.0
    Center for Humans and Nature, 109 West 77th Street, Suite 2, New York, NY 10024, USA. Tel.: 212 362 7170; Fax: 212 362 9592; Email: brucejennings{at}humansandnature.org ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> . Abstract A fundamental question for the ethical foundations of public health concerns the moral justification for limiting or overriding individual liberty. What might justify overriding the individual moral claim to non-interference or to self-realization? This paper argues that the libertarian justification for limiting individual (...)
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  15. Kyle Jennings (2010). Developing Creativity: Artificial Barriers in Artificial Intelligence. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 20 (4):489-501.score: 30.0
    The greatest rhetorical challenge to developers of creative artificial intelligence systems is convincingly arguing that their software is more than just an extension of their own creativity. This paper suggests that “creative autonomy,” which exists when a system not only evaluates creations on its own, but also changes its standards without explicit direction, is a necessary condition for making this argument. Rather than requiring that the system be hermetically sealed to avoid perceptions of human influence, developing creative autonomy is argued (...)
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  16. Richard C. Jennings (1984). Truth, Rationality and the Sociology of Science. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 35 (3):201-211.score: 30.0
    Philosophers of science are becoming more sensitive to the claims about truth and rationality being made by sociologists of science. There is a tendency among some of these philosophers to dismiss such claims as irrelevant to philosophy of science and as self-refuting. Larry Laudan, in his 'arationality assumption', has captured the essence of positions which argue that sociology of science can only be concerned with scientific claims which are not rational (or, in some versions, 'not true'). I show that the (...)
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  17. P. K. Schotch & R. E. Jennings (1981). Epistemic Logic, Skepticism, and Non-Normal Modal Logic. Philosophical Studies 40 (1):47 - 67.score: 30.0
    An epistemic logic is built up on the basis of an analysis of two skeptical arguments. the method used is to first construct an inference relation appropriate to epistemic contexts and introduce "a knows that..." as an operator giving rise to sentences closed with respect to this new concept of inference. soundness and completeness proofs are provided using auxiliary three-valued valuations.
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  18. R. E. Jennings (1994). The Genealogy of Disjunction. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
    This is a comprehensive study of the English word 'or', and the logical operators variously proposed to present its meaning. Although there are indisputably disjunctive uses of or in English, it is a mistake to suppose that logical disjunction represents its core meaning. 'Or' is descended from the Anglo-Saxon word meaning second, a form which survives in such expressions as "every other day." Its disjunctive uses arise through metalinguistic applications of an intermediate adverbial meaning which is conjunctive rather than disjunctive (...)
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  19. Richard C. Jennings (1989). Zande Logic and Western Logic. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (2):275-285.score: 30.0
    In this paper I discuss logic from a naturalist point of view, characterizing it as those shared patterns of thought which are socially selected from among the various patterns of thought to which we are naturally inclined. Drawing on Evans-Pritchard's anthropology. I discuss a particular example of Zande thought. I argue that Evans-Pritchard's and Timm Triplett's analyses of this example make the mistake of applying Western logic to Zande beliefs and thus find a contradiction. I argue that from the naturalistic (...)
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  20. Richard Jennings (1989). Scientific Quasi-Realism. Mind 98 (390):225-245.score: 30.0
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  21. Eva Feder Kittay, Bruce Jennings & Angela A. Wasunna (2005). Dependency, Difference and the Global Ethic of Longterm Care. Journal of Political Philosophy 13 (4):443-469.score: 30.0
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  22. Marianne Jennings (2002). Business Ethics: Case Studies and Selected Readings. Thomson/South-Western.score: 30.0
    Offering a unique perspective, this market-leading text gets behind the decision-making process of today?s business leaders -- from prominent players to ...
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  23. Richard C. Jennings (1987). Tarski - a Dilemma. Inquiry 30 (1 & 2):155 – 172.score: 30.0
    Tarski's correspondence theory of truth (which he spells out in his semantic conception of truth) is open to two interpretations. This ambiguity in the theory has led philosophers to find support in it for metaphysical realism. In fact, Tarski's theory turns out to support a form of ontological relativism. In different passages Tarski himself gives support to each of these interpretations. The first interpretation leads to ontological relativism, while the second sacrifices the connection between language and the world. I clarify (...)
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  24. Marianne M. Jennings, Larry R. Smeltzer & Marie F. Zener (1993). The Ethics of Worker Safety Nets for Corporate Change. Journal of Business Ethics 12 (6):459 - 468.score: 30.0
    Corporate change and employee dislocation are inevitable in a free market. However, the current employment relationship in the U.S. that affords a perceived employment safety net is contrary to the natural canon of honesty. Employees cannot be guaranteed employment when a company fails or a product is no longer viable. Attempts to provide costly employment safety nets cause a firm to allocate resources to nonproductive programs that may ultimately cause a loss of competitiveness. These strategies to provide alternate employment may (...)
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  25. Eleanor G. Henry & James P. Jennings (2004). Age Discrimination in Layoffs: Factors of Injustice. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 54 (3):217 - 224.score: 30.0
    ABSTRACT. This paper considers two sets ethical obligations owed by a firm and its management to stockholders and employees with respect to layoffs. Literature and research from ethics and agency are used to frame ethical issues that pertain to age discrimination in layoffs. An actual court case provides an example for focus, analysis, and discussion. Points of discussion include management''s obligations to employees and factors of injustice related to prejudice against age.
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  26. Ray Jennings, Disjunction. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 30.0
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  27. William S. Jennings & Lawrence Kohlberg (1983). Effects of a Just Community Programme on the Moral Development of Youthful Offenders. Journal of Moral Education 12 (1):33-50.score: 30.0
    Abstract In 1975, the first author became director of a group home for ten delinquent boys. Prior to this time, the home operated on a behaviour?modification philosophy. But during the first author's directorship, the home operated on the ?just community? philosophy stressing moral discussion and participatory democracy in making and enforcing rules and in resolving interpersonal conflicts. During this ?just community? period, residents moved up an average of one?third of a stage in their reasoning on the Kohlberg moral judgement interview. (...)
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  28. R. E. Jennings (1994). The or of Free Choice Permission. Topoi 13 (1):3-10.score: 30.0
    I argue that the conjunctive distribution of permissibility over or, which is a puzzling feature of free-choice permission is just one instance of a more general class of conjunctive occurrences of the word, and that these conjunctive uses are more directly explicable by the consideration that or is a descendant of oper than by reference to the disjunctive occurrences which logicalist prejudices may tempt us to regard as semantically more fundamental. I offer an account of how the disjunctive uses of (...)
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  29. H. S. Jennings (1919). Experimental Determinism and Human Conduct. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 16 (7):180-183.score: 30.0
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  30. Ray E. Jennings & Joe J. Thompson (2012). The Biology of Language and the Epigenesis of Recursive Embedding. Interaction Studies 13 (1):80-102.score: 30.0
    Theorists have oversold the usefulness of predicate logic and generative grammar to the study of language origins. They have searched for models that correspond to semantic properties, such as truth, when what is needed is an empirically testable model of evolution. Such a model is required if we are to explain the origins of linguistic properties by appealing to general properties of linguistic engendering, rather than to the advent of genotypes with the propensity to produce certain brain mechanisms. While the (...)
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  31. R. E. Jennings (1974). A Utilitarian Semantics for Deontic Logic. Journal of Philosophical Logic 3 (4):445 - 456.score: 30.0
    I am idebted to members of the Wellington Logic Seminar for useful discussions of work of which this essay forms part, in particular to M. J. Cresswell for comments in the earlier stages of the investigation and to R. I. Goldblatt who suggested the definition ofB infD supu and made numerous other suggestions.
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  32. R. E. Jennings (1985). Can There Be a Natural Deontic Logic? Synthese 65 (2):257 - 273.score: 30.0
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  33. P. K. Schotch & R. E. Jennings (1980). Inference and Necessity. Journal of Philosophical Logic 9 (3):327-340.score: 30.0
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  34. Richard C. Jennings (1992). Review. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 43 (4):561-571.score: 30.0
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  35. Richard C. Jennings (1988). Translation, Interpretation and Understanding. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 18 (3):343-353.score: 30.0
  36. Richard C. Jennings (1988). Leviathan and the Air-Pump: Hobbes, Boyle, and the Experimental Life. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 39 (3):403-410.score: 30.0
  37. Bruce Jennings (1991). Possibilities of Consensus: Toward Democratic Moral Discourse. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 16 (4):447-463.score: 30.0
    The concept of consensus is often appealed to in discussions of biomedical ethics and applied ethics, and it plays an important role in many influential ethical theories. Consensus is an especially influential notion among theorists who reject ethical realism and who frame ethics as a practice of discourse rather than a body of objective knowledge. It is also a practically important notion when moral decision making is subject to bureaucratic organization and oversight, as is increasingly becoming the case in medicine. (...)
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  38. H. S. Jennings (1933/1971). The Universe and Life. Freeport, N.Y.,Books for Libraries Press.score: 30.0
    THE NATURE AND POTENTIALITIES OF THE UNIVERSE AS REVEALED BY THE STUDY OF BIOLOGY. THE PRODUCTION OF NEW AND UNPREDICTABLE PHENOMENA AS TIME PASSES, ...
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  39. Mary Ann Baily, Melissa M. Bottrell, Joanne Lynn & Bruce Jennings (2006). Special Report: The Ethics of Using QI Methods to Improve Health Care Quality and Safety. Hastings Center Report 36 (4):S1-S40.score: 30.0
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  40. Tammy G. Hunt & Daniel F. Jennings (1997). Ethics and Performance: A Simulation Analysis of Team Decision Making. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (2):195-203.score: 30.0
    The interrelationships among a number of variables and their effect on ethical decision making was explored. Teams of students and managers participated in a competitive management simulation. Based on prior research, the effects of performance, environmental change, team age, and type of team on the level of ethical behavior were hypothesized. The findings indicate that multiple variables may interact in such a fashion that significance is lost.
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  41. Richard C. Jennings (1988). Alternative Mathematics and the Strong Programme: Reply to Triplett. Inquiry 31 (1):93 – 101.score: 30.0
    Timm Triplett argues (Inquiry 29 [1986], no. 4) that David Bloor does not succeed in justifying a relativistic interpretation of mathematics. It is objected that Triplett has focused his attention on the wrong chapter of Bloor's Knowledge and Social Imagery, and that the examples which Triplett demands Bloor provide to make the case do appear in the subsequent chapter. Moreover, Bloor has anticipated and refuted Triplett's brief criticism of the examples that make Bloor's case for the relativism of mathematics. Finally, (...)
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  42. Eva Feder Kittay with Bruce Jennings & Angela A. Wasunna (2005). Dependency, Difference and the Global Ethic of Longterm Care. Journal of Political Philosophy 13 (4):443–469.score: 30.0
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  43. R. E. Jennings (1966). Or. Analysis 26 (6):181 - 184.score: 30.0
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  44. R. E. Jennings (1967). Preference and Choice as Logical Correlates. Mind 76 (304):556-567.score: 30.0
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  45. Bruce Jennings (1987). Richard W. Krouse (1946-1986). Political Theory 15 (4):635-638.score: 30.0
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  46. Bruce Jennings (2009). Agency and Moral Relationship in Dementia. Metaphilosophy 40 (3-4):425-437.score: 30.0
    This essay examines the goals of care and the exercise of guardianship authority in the long-term care of persons with Alzheimer's disease and other forms of chronic, progressive dementia. It counters philosophical views that deny both agency and personhood to individuals with Alzheimer's on definitional or analytic conceptual grounds. It develops a specific conception of the quality of life and offers a critique of hedonic conceptions of quality of life and models of guardianship that are based on a hedonic legal (...)
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  47. R. E. Jennings (1981). A Note on the Axiomatisation of Brouwersche Modal Logic. Journal of Philosophical Logic 10 (3):341 - 343.score: 30.0
  48. K. Jennings & G. Western (1997). A Right to Strike? Nursing Ethics 4 (4):277-282.score: 30.0
    During 1995, there was a major shift in the United Kingdom in the debate of whether it is right for nurses to strike. The Royal College of Nursing, the former advocate of a non-industrial action policy, moved towards the UNISON position that industrial action is ethical in some circumstances, as well as the necessary thing to do. The authors, both nurses and UNISON officials, look at the reasons for this change and why UNISON’s historical position sees industrial action as an (...)
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  49. R. E. Jennings (1984). Introduction. Topoi 3 (1):1-1.score: 30.0
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  50. Victoria Jennings (2008). Literature (T. M.) Compton Victim of the Muses. Poet as Scapegoat, Warrior, and Hero in Greco-Roman and Indo-European Myth and History. (Hellenic Studies 11). Washington, DC: Center for Hellenic Studies; Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 2006. Pp. Xvi + 443. £19.95. 9780674019584. [REVIEW] Journal of Hellenic Studies 128:184-.score: 30.0
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