Search results for 'Carsten Kohler' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  6
    Selidji Agnandji, Valerie Tsassa, Cornelia Conzelmann, Carsten Kohler & Hans-Jorg Ehni (2012). Patterns of Biomedical Science Production in a Sub-Saharan Research Center. BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):3-.
    Background: Research activities in sub-Saharan Africa may be limited to delegated tasks due to the strong control from Western collaborators, which could lead to scientific production of little value in terms of its impact on social and economic innovation in less developed areas. However, the current contexts of international biomedical research including the development of public-private partnerships and research institutions in Africa suggest that scientific activities are growing in sub-Saharan Africa. This study aims to describe the patterns of clinical research (...)
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  2. Selidji T. Agnandji, Valerie Tsassa, Cornelia Conzelmann, Carsten Köhler & Hans-Jörg Ehni (2012). Patterns of Biomedical Science Production in a Sub-Saharan Research Center. BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):3.
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  3.  19
    Hannes Leitgeb (2007). An Austrian Mélange • Eckehart Köler, Peter Weibel, Michael Stöltzner, Bernd Buldt, Carsten Klein, and Werner Depauli-Schimanovich-Göttig, Eds. Kurt Gödel. Wahrheit & Beweisbarkeit. Band 1: Dokumente Und Historische Analysen [Kurt Gödel. Truth and Provability. Vol. 1: Documents and Historical Analyses]. Vienna: Öbv Et Hpt, 2002. Isbn 3-209-03824-1. Pp. 279. • Bernd Buldt, Eckehart Köhler, Michael Stöltzner, Peter Weibel, Carsten Klein, and Werner Depauli-Schimanovich-Göttig, Eds. Kurt Gödel. Wahrheit & Beweisbarkeit. Band 2: Kompendium Zum Werk [Vol. 2: Compendium of Work]. Vienna: Öbv Et Hpt, 2002. Isbn 3-209-03835-X. Pp. 447. [REVIEW] Philosophia Mathematica 15 (2):245-257.
    While the Gödel centenary year 2006 triggered a lot of conference and workshop activity on Gödel, the years leading to it stand out by exhibiting several excellent publications on Gödel's life and work, most notably the completion of the Kurt Gödel Collected Works series . The two volumes of Kurt Gödel. Wahrheit & Beweisbarkeit, written in German and edited by E. Köhler et al., constitute something like the ‘German-Austrian contribution’ to this renewal of interest in Gödel's legacy, even though not (...)
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  4.  2
    Wolfgang Köhler (1976). The Place of Value in a World of Facts. Liveright.
  5.  9
    Sebastian Köhler, Beyond Frege-Geach: Neglected Problems for Expressivism.
    This thesis is about the viability of meta-normative expressivism. On what I take to be the dominant conception of the view, it subscribes to two theses. First, that the meaning of sentences is to be explained in terms of the mental states these sentences conventionally express. Second, that there is a fundamental difference in the roles of the states expressed by normative sentences and the states expressed by descriptive sentences: descriptive sentences, according to expressivists, express mental states which are representational (...)
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  6. Lorenz M. Hilty, Andreas Köhler, Fabian Schéele, Rainer Zah & Thomas Ruddy (2006). Rebound Effects of Progress in Information Technology. Poiesis and Praxis 4 (1):19-38.
    Information technology (IT) is continuously making astounding progress in technical efficiency. The time, space, material and energy needed to provide a unit of IT service have decreased by three orders of magnitude since the first personal computer (PC) was sold. However, it seems difficult for society to translate IT’s efficiency progress into progress in terms of individual, organizational or socio-economic goals. In particular it seems to be difficult for individuals to work more efficiently, for organizations to be more productive and (...)
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  7.  4
    Robert E. Kohler (2002). Place and Practice in Field Biology. History of Science 40 (2):189-210.
  8.  4
    Sebastian Köhler (forthcoming). Chrisman, Matthew. The Meaning of ‘Ought’. Beyond Descriptivism and Expressivism in Metaethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016. 260 Pp. ISBN 978-0-19-936300-1. £41.99. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-4.
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  9.  39
    Matthew Lee & Jillian Kohler (2010). Benchmarking and Transparency: Incentives for the Pharmaceutical Industry's Corporate Social Responsibility. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 95 (4):641-658.
    With over 2 billion people lacking medicines for treatable diseases and 14 million people dying annually from infectious disease, there is undeniable need for increased access to medicines. There has been an increasing trend to benchmark the pharmaceutical industry on their corporate social responsibility (CSR) performance in access to medicines. Benchmarking creates a competitive inter-business environment and acts as incentive for improving CSR. This article investigates the corporate feedback discourses pharmaceutical companies make in response to criticisms from benchmarking reports. It (...)
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  10.  81
    Sebastian Köhler (2014). What is the Problem with Fundamental Moral Error? Australasian Journal of Philosophy 93 (1):161-165.
    Quasi-realists argue that meta-ethical expressivism is fully compatible with the central assumptions underlying ordinary moral practice. In a recent paper, Andy Egan has developed a vexing challenge for this project, arguing that expressivism is incompatible with central assumptions about error in moral judgments. In response, Simon Blackburn has argued that Egan's challenge fails, because Egan reads the expressivist as giving an account of moral error, rather than an account of judgments about moral error. In this paper I argue that the (...)
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  11.  33
    Sebastian Köhler & Michael Ridge (2013). Revolutionary Expressivism. Ratio 26 (4):428-449.
    While the meta-ethical error theory has been of philosophical interest for some time now, only recently a debate has emerged about the question what is to be done if the error theory turns out to be true. This paper argues for a novel answer to this question, namely revolutionary expressivism: if the error theory is true, we should become expressivists. Additionally, the paper explores certain important but largely ignored methodological issues that arise for reforming definitions generally and with a vengeance (...)
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  12. Hannah Arendt, Karl Jaspers, Lotte Köhler & Hans Saner (1992). Hannah Arendt/Karl Jaspers Correspondence, 1926-1969. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  13.  25
    Robert E. Kohler (1993). Drosophila: A Life in the Laboratory. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 26 (2):281 - 310.
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  14. Wolfgang Kohler (1944). Value and Fact. Journal of Philosophy 41 (8):197-212.
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  15.  32
    H. S. Köhler (2014). Harmonic Oscillator Trap and the Phase-Shift Approximation. Foundations of Physics 44 (9):960-972.
    The energy-spectrum of two point-like particles interacting in a 3-D isotropic Harmonic Oscillator (H.O.) trap is related to the free scattering phase-shifts \(\delta \) of the particles by a formula first published by Busch et al. It is here used to find an expression for the shift of the energy levels, caused by the interaction, rather than the perturbed spectrum itself. In the limit of high energy (large quantum number \(n\) of the H.O.) this shift (in H.O. units) is shown (...)
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  16. Claudia Som, Lorenz M. Hilty & Andreas R. Köhler (2009). The Precautionary Principle as a Framework for a Sustainable Information Society. Journal of Business Ethics 85 (3):493 - 505.
    The precautionary principle (PP) aims to anticipate and minimize potentially serious or irreversible risks under conditions of scientific uncertainty. Thus it preserves the potential for future developments. It has been incorporated into many international treaties and pieces of national legislation for environmental protection and sustainable development. In this article, we outline an interpretation of the PP as a framework of orientation for a sustainable information society. Since the risks induced by future information and communication technologies (ICT) are social risks for (...)
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  17.  3
    Matthew Lee & Julian Kohler (2010). Benchmarking and Transparency: Incentives for the Pharmaceutical Industry's Corporate Social Responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics 95 (4):641 - 658.
    With over 2 billion people lacking medicines for treatable diseases and 14 million people dying annually from infectious disease, there is undeniable need for increased access to medicines. There has been an increasing trend to benchmark the pharmaceutical industry on their corporate social responsibility (CSR) performance in access to medicines. Benchmarking creates a competitive inter-business environment and acts as incentive for improving CSR. This article investigates the corporate feedback discourses pharmaceutical companies make in response to criticisms from benchmarking reports. It (...)
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  18. Robert E. Kohler (2007). Finders, Keepers: Collecting Sciences and Collecting Practice. History of Science 45 (150):428-454.
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  19.  6
    Robert E. Kohler (1976). The Management of Science: The Experience of Warren Weaver and the Rockefeller Foundation Programme in Molecular Biology. [REVIEW] Minerva 14 (3):279-306.
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  20.  21
    Pavlo R. Blavatskyy & Wolfgang R. Köhler (2011). Lottery Pricing Under Time Pressure. Theory and Decision 70 (4):431-445.
    This article investigates how subjects determine minimum selling prices for lotteries. We design an experiment where subjects have at every moment an incentive to state their minimum selling price and to adjust the price, if they believe that the price that they stated initially was not optimal. We observe frequent and sizeable price adjustments. We find that random pricing models cannot explain the observed price patterns. We show that earlier prices contain information about future price adjustments. We propose a model (...)
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  21.  91
    Sebastian Köhler (2012). Expressivism, Subjectivism and Moral Disagreement. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 1 (1):71-78.
    One worry about metaethical expressivism is that it reduces to some form of subjectivism. This worry is enforced by subjectivists who argue that subjectivism can explain certain phenomena thought to support expressivism equally well. Recently, authors have started to suggest that subjectivism can take away what has often been seen as expressivism's biggest explanatory advantage, namely expressivism's ability to explain the possibility of moral disagreement. In this paper, I will give a response to an argument recently given by Frank Jackson (...)
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  22.  4
    Harald Martens & Achim Kohler (2009). Mathematics and Measurements for High-Throughput Quantitative Biology. Biological Theory 4 (1):29-43.
    Bioscientists generate far more data than their minds can handle, and this trend is likely to continue. With the aid of a small set of versatile tools for mathematical modeling and statistical assessment, bioscientists can explore their real-world systems without experiencing data overflow. This article outlines an approach for combining modern high-throughput, low-cost, but non-selective biospectroscopy measurements with soft, multivariate biochemometrics data modeling to overview complex systems, test hypotheses, and making new discoveries. From preliminary, broad hypotheses and goals, many relevant (...)
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  23.  3
    Robert E. Kohler (2012). Practice and Place in Twentieth-Century Field Biology: A Comment. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 45 (4):579 - 586.
  24.  44
    Robert H. Kohler (1976). Extended View of Classical Contact Transformations. Foundations of Physics 6 (2):193-208.
    Classical contact transformation theory is reconstructed from the concept of explicit rather than implicit transformation equations. This proves the existence of contact transformations from any given Hamiltonian to any prescribed Hamiltonian (with the same number of degrees of freedom).
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  25.  16
    W. J. Blok & P. Köhler (1983). Algebraic Semantics for Quasi-Classical Modal Logics. Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (4):941-964.
  26.  9
    Barry Smith, Werner Ceusters, Bert Klagges, Jacob Köhler, Anand Kuma, Jane Lomax, Chris Mungall, , Fabian Neuhaus, Alan Rector & Cornelius Rosse (2005). Relations in Biomedical Ontologies. Genome Biology 6 (5):R46.
    To enhance the treatment of relations in biomedical ontologies we advance a methodology for providing consistent and unambiguous formal definitions of the relational expressions used in such ontologies in a way designed to assist developers and users in avoiding errors in coding and annotation. The resulting Relation Ontology can promote interoperability of ontologies and support new types of automated reasoning about the spatial and temporal dimensions of biological and medical phenomena.
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  27.  20
    Sebastian Köhler (2014). Expressivism and Mind-Dependence. Journal of Moral Philosophy 11 (6):750-764.
    Despite the efforts of meta-ethical expressivists to rebut such worries, one objection raised over and over again against expressivism is that, if the theory is true, matters of morality must be mind-dependent in some objectionable way. This paper develops an argument which not only shows that this is and cannot be the case, but also – and perhaps more importantly – offers a diagnosis why philosophers are nevertheless so often led to think otherwise.
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  28.  33
    Sebastian Köhler (2013). Do Expressivists Have an Attitude Problem? Ethics 123 (3):479-507.
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  29.  44
    Florent Kohler (2011). The “Misfits”: Genesis of a Non-Darwinian Myth. Diogenes 58 (4):75-87.
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  30.  1
    Birgitt van Oorschot, Christopher Hausmann, Norbert Köhler, Karena Leppert, Susanne Schweitzer, Kerstin Steinbach & Reiner Anselm (2004). Patientenverfügungen aus Patientensicht. Ethik in der Medizin 16 (2):112-122.
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  31.  12
    Wolfgang R. Köhler (1990). Können Personen ein Gegenstand des Verstehens sein? Analyse & Kritik 12 (1):89-110.
    Is it possible to understand not only linguistic expressions and actions but also persons? According to common sense it surely is. Here it is argued that to understand a person a fourfold knowledge is required, although this knowledge is not identical with the understanding of a person. The understanding of a person is cognitive, but neither complete nor scientific.
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  32.  22
    Alfred Kohler (1977). The Electoral Council. An Outline of Its Development in the Imperial Constitution and Its Position at the Westphalian Peace Congress. Philosophy and History 10 (1):73-75.
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  33.  10
    Jody Azzouni, Emmon Bach, Chris Barker, Wojciech Buzkowski, Robyn Carsten, Gennaro Chierchia, Max Cresswell, Mary Dalrymple & Martin Davies (1993). Reviewers of Submitted Papers During 1993. Linguistics and Philosophy 16:655-556.
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  34. Ornella Moscucci & Michele S. Kohler (1994). The Science of Woman. Gynaecology and Gender in England, 1800-1929. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):355.
     
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  35.  20
    Jacob Köhler, Katherine Munn, Alexander Rüegg, Andre Skusa & Barry Smith (2006). Quality Control for Terms and Definitions in Ontologies and Taxonomies. BMC Bioinformatics 7 (212).
    Background: Ontologies and taxonomies are among the most important computational resources for molecular biology and bioinformatics. A series of recent papers has shown that the Gene Ontology (GO), the most prominent taxonomic resource in these fields, is marked by flaws of certain characteristic types, which flow from a failure to address basic ontological principles. As yet, no methods have been proposed which would allow ontology curators to pinpoint flawed terms or definitions in ontologies in a systematic way. Results: We present (...)
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  36.  1
    Georg Kohler & Urs Marti (eds.) (2003). Konturen der Neuen Weltordnung: Beiträge Zu Einer Theorie der Normativen Prinzipien Internationaler Politik. De Gruyter.
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  37.  7
    George Y. Kohler (2010). Moshe Halbertal: HaRambam. Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 62 (3):301-303.
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  38.  9
    Tim Kohler (1997). B. Skyrms, Evolution of the Social Contract, Cambridge University Press, New York, 1986. Complexity 2 (6):6-6.
  39.  9
    Birgitt van Oorschot, Christopher Hausmann, Norbert Köhler, Karena Leppert, Susanne Schweitzer, Kerstin Steinbach & Reiner Anselm (2004). Patientenverfügungen aus Patientensicht. Ethik in der Medizin 16 (2):112-122.
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  40.  5
    Birgitt van Oorschot, Christopher Hausmann, Norbert Köhler, Karena Leppert, Susanne Schweitzer, Kerstin Steinbach & Reiner Anselm (2004). Patientenverfügungen aus Patientensicht. Ethik in der Medizin 16 (2):112-122.
    Im Rahmen des Modellvorhabens „Patienten als Partner—Tumorpatienten und ihr Mitwirken bei medizinischen Entscheidungen“ wurden zwischen März 2002 und August 2003 272 palliativ behandelte Tumorpatienten nach ihrer Einstellung zur Patientenverfügung und zur gewünschten Beteiligung an medizinischen Entscheidungen befragt. Von den Befragten kannten 30% Patientenverfügungen nicht, darunter signifikant mehr Befragte mit formal niedrigerem Bildungsabschluss. Es hatten bereits 11% eine Patientenverfügung abgeschlossen, 22% wollten wahrscheinlich eine abschließen, und 30% wollten keine abschließen. Es fand sich ein statistisch signifikanter Zusammenhang zwischen dem Abschluss einer Patientenverfügung (...)
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  41. Joachim Köhler & Ronald Taylor (2002). Zarathustra's Secret the Interior Life of Friedrich Nietzsche. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  42.  3
    Robert E. Kohler (1978). A Policy for the Advancement of Science: The Rockefeller Foundation, 1924–29. [REVIEW] Minerva 16 (4):480-515.
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  43.  6
    Oliver Carsten (1988). Ethnic Particularism and Class Solidarity. Theory and Society 17 (3):431-450.
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  44. Wolfgang Köhler (1924). Die Physischen Gestalten in Ruhe Und Im Stationären Zustand. Philosophische Akademie.
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  45.  54
    Wolfgang Kohler (1959). Gestalt Psychology Today. American Psychologist 14 (12):727-734.
  46.  10
    Eckehart Köhler (2004). Physical Intuition as Inductive Support. In Friedrich Stadler (ed.), Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook. Springer 151--167.
    Wolfgang Spohn’s paper I think clearly places him in the forefront of research on the theory of lawlikeness, and simultaneously on the methodology of inductive reasoning.
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  47.  18
    Sebastian Köhler (2013). Normative Bedrock: Response-Dependence, Rationality and Reasons By Joshua Gert. Analysis 74 (1):ant094.
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  48.  17
    Andreas R. Köhler (2013). Material Scarcity: A Reason for Responsibility in Technology Development and Product Design. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):1165-1179.
    There are warning signs for impending scarcity of certain technology metals that play a critical role in high-tech products. The scarce elements are indispensable for the design of modern technologies with superior performance. Material scarcity can restrain future innovations and presents therefore a serious risk that must be counteracted. However, the risk is often underrated in the pursuit of technological progress. Many innovators seem to be inattentive to the limitations in availability of critical resources and the possible implications thereof. The (...)
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  49. Robert E. Kohler (1973). The Background to Otto Warburg's Conception of the "Atmungsferment". Journal of the History of Biology 6 (2):171 - 192.
    In the 1930s Warburg's spare prose and disciplined respect for the facts set the style for a new generation of biochemists who had not known the conceptual revolutions of earlier years. Led by Warburg, they rejected the excesses of the colloid school and the false starts of the teens and twenties. Talk of active structure virtually disappeared as chemists began to identify enzymes, coenzymes, vitamins, and hormones. In the gradual transformation of the Atmungsferment from an ironcolloid complex to a specific (...)
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  50. John C. Harsanyi, Werner Leinfellner & Eckehart Köhler (1998). Game Theory, Experience, Rationality Foundations of Social Sciences, Economics and Ethics : In Honor of John C. Harsanyi.
     
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