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  1. Daniel Kahneman & Cass R. Sunstein, Indignation: Psychology, Politics, Law.
    Moral intuitions operate in much the same way as other intuitions do; what makes the moral domain is distinctive is its foundations in the emotions, beliefs, and response tendencies that define indignation. The intuitive system of cognition, System I, is typically responsible for indignation; the more reflective system, System II, may or may not provide an override. Moral dumbfounding and moral numbness are often a product of moral intuitions that people are unable to justify. An understanding of indignation helps to (...)
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  2. Cass R. Sunstein (2015). Nudges, Agency, and Abstraction: A Reply to Critics. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (3):511-529.
    This essay has three general themes. The first involves the claim that nudging threatens human agency. My basic response is that human agency is fully retained and that agency is always exercised in the context of some kind of choice architecture. The second theme involves the importance of having a sufficiently capacious sense of the category of nudges, and a full appreciation of the differences among them. Some nudges either enlist or combat behavioral biases but others do not, and even (...)
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  3. David Schkade, Cass R. Sunstein & Reid Hastie (2010). When Deliberation Produces Extremism. Critical Review 22 (2-3):227-252.
    What are the effects of deliberation about political issues by likeminded people? An experimental investigation involving two deliberative exercises, one among self-identified liberals and another among self-identified conservatives, showed that participants' views became more extreme after deliberation. Deliberation also increased consensus and significantly reduced diversity of opinion within the two groups. Even anonymous statements of personal opinion became more extreme and homogeneous after deliberation.
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  4. Cass R. Sunstein (2010). Deliberating Groups Versus Prediction Markets (or Hayek's Challenge to Habermas). In Alvin I. Goldman & Dennis Whitcomb (eds.), Episteme. Oxford University Press 192-213.
    For multiple reasons, deliberating groups often converge on falsehood rather than truth. Individual errors may be amplified rather than cured. Group members may fall victim to a bad cascade, either informational or reputational. Deliberators may emphasize shared information at the expense of uniquely held information. Finally, group polarization may lead even rational people to unjustified extremism. By contrast, prediction markets often produce accurate results, because they create strong incentives for revelation of privately held knowledge and succeed in aggregating widely dispersed (...)
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  5. Cass R. Sunstein (2009). Republic.Com 2.0. Princeton University Press.
    This is a compelling if sober set of questions from America's foremost legal scholar."--Lawrence Lessig, Stanford University.
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  6. Cass R. Sunstein & Adrian Vermeule (2009). Conspiracy Theories: Causes and Cures. Journal of Political Philosophy 17 (2):202-227.
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  7. Cass R. Sunstein (2008). Democracy and the Internet1. In M. J. van den Joven & J. Weckert (eds.), Information Technology and Moral Philosophy. Cambridge University Press 93.
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  8. Cass R. Sunstein (2007). Ideological Amplification. Constellations 14 (2):273-279.
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  9. Cass R. Sunstein (2007). Incompletely Theorized Agreements in Constitutional Law. Social Research: An International Quarterly 74 (1):1-24.
    How is constitutionalism possible, when people disagree on so many questions about what is good and what is right? The answer lies in two kinds of incompletely theorized agreement - both reached amidst the sharpest disagreements about the fundamental issues in social life. The first consist of agreements on abstract formulations ; these agreements are crucial to constitution-making as a social practice. The second consist of agreements on particular doctrines and practices; these agreements are crucial to life and law under (...)
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  10. Cass R. Sunstein (2007). Moral Heuristics and Risk. In Tim Lewens (ed.), Risk: Philosophical Perspectives. Routledge
     
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  11. Cass R. Sunstein (2006). Deliberating Groups Vs. Prediction Markets (or Hayek's Challenge to Habermas). Episteme 3 (3):192-213.
    For multiple reasons, deliberating groups often converge on falsehood rather than truth. Individual errors may be amplifi ed rather than cured. Group members may fall victim to a bad cascade, either informational or reputational. Deliberators may emphasize shared information at the expense of uniquely held information. Finally, group polarization may lead even rational people to unjustifi ed extremism. By contrast, prediction markets often produce accurate results, because they create strong incentives for revelation of privately held knowledge and succeed in aggregating (...)
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  12. Cass R. Sunstein (2006). Two Conceptions of Procedural Fairness. Social Research: An International Quarterly 73 (2):619-646.
    Legal systems must proceed in the face of two conceptions of procedural fairness. The first, embodied in the rule of law ideal, calls for clear rules, laid down in advance and susceptible to mechanical application in individual cases. The second calls for a high degree of individuation, on the theory that fairness requires particularized consideration of the whole person. Both conceptions can be found in judicial interpretation of the due process clause of the American Constitution, which sometimes requires rule-bound decisions, (...)
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  13. Sarah Buss, Angela M. Smith, Sophia R. Moreau, Maria Merritt, Ruth Chang & Cass R. Sunstein (2005). 10. Chandran Kukathas, The Liberal Archipelago: A Theory of Diversity and Freedom Chandran Kukathas, The Liberal Archipelago: A Theory of Diversity and Freedom (Pp. 422-427). [REVIEW] Ethics 115 (2).
     
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  14. Cass R. Sunstein (2005). Cost‐Benefit Analysis and the Environment. Ethics 115 (2):351-385.
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  15. Cass R. Sunstein (2005). Introduction to Martha C. Nussbaum and Cass R. Sunstein. In Shasta Gaughen (ed.), Animal Rights. Greenhaven Press
  16. Cass R. Sunstein (2005). Moral Heuristics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):531-542.
    With respect to questions of fact, people use heuristics – mental short-cuts, or rules of thumb, that generally work well, but that also lead to systematic errors. People use moral heuristics too – moral short-cuts, or rules of thumb, that lead to mistaken and even absurd moral judgments. These judgments are highly relevant not only to morality, but to law and politics as well. Examples are given from a number of domains, including risk regulation, punishment, reproduction and sexuality, and the (...)
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  17. Cass R. Sunstein (2005). On Moral Intuitions and Moral Heuristics: A Response. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):565-570.
    Moral heuristics are pervasive, and they produce moral errors. We can identify those errors as such even if we do not endorse any contentious moral view. To accept this point, it is also unnecessary to make controversial claims about moral truth. But the notion of moral heuristics can be understood in diverse ways, and a great deal of work remains to be done in understanding the nature of moral intuitions, especially those that operate automatically and nonreflectively, and in exploring the (...)
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  18. Cass R. Sunstein (2004). Fear and Liberty. Social Research: An International Quarterly 71 (4):967-996.
  19. Cass R. Sunstein & Martha Craven Nussbaum (eds.) (2004). Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions. Oxford University Press.
    Cass Sunstein and Martha Nussbaum bring together an all-star cast of contributors to explore the legal and political issues that underlie the campaign for animal rights and the opposition to it. Addressing ethical questions about ownership, protection against unjustified suffering, and the ability of animals to make their own choices free from human control, the authors offer numerous different perspectives on animal rights and animal welfare. They show that whatever one's ultimate conclusions, the relationship between human beings and nonhuman animals (...)
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  20. Cass R. Sunstein (2002). Günlük Gazetemiz-İnternet Demokrasi İçin Gerçekten Bir Nimet mi. Cogito 30:176.
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  21. Cass R. Sunstein (2002). Las funciones de las normas regulativas. Isonomía. Revista de Teoría y Filosofía Del Derecho 17:43-78.
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  22. Cass R. Sunstein (2002). The Equal Chance to Have One's Vote Count. Law and Philosophy 21 (2):121 - 135.
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  23. Cass R. Sunstein (2002). The Law of Group Polarization. Journal of Political Philosophy 10 (2):175–195.
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  24. Cass R. Sunstein (2001). Edna Ullmann-Margalit Inequality and Indignation. Philosophy and Public Affairs 30 (4):337-362.
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  25. Cass R. Sunstein (2001). Should Constitutions Protect the Right to Secede? A Reply to Weinstock. Journal of Political Philosophy 9 (3):350–355.
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  26. Cass R. Sunstein & Edna Ullmann-Margalit (2001). Solidarity Goods. Journal of Political Philosophy 9 (2):129–149.
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  27. Edna Ullmann-Margalit & Cass R. Sunstein (2001). Inequality and Indignation. Philosophy and Public Affairs 30 (4):337–362.
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  28. Cass R. Sunstein (2000). Constitutional Agreements Without Constitutional Theories. Ratio Juris 13 (1):117-130.
    How is constitution‐making possible, when people disagree on so many questions about what is good and what is right? The answer lies in the existence of incompletely theorized agreements–agreements on abstract formulations and on particular practices, amidst disagreement about the largest issues in social life. Such agreements help make constitutions and constitutional law possible, even within nations whose citizens cannot concur on the most fundamental matters. Incompletely theorized agreements thus help illuminate an enduring constitutional puzzle: how members of diverse societies (...)
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  29. Cass R. Sunstein (2000). Group Dynamics. Cardozo Studies in Law and Literature 12 (1):129-139.
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  30. Cass R. Sunstein & Edna Ullmann‐Margalit (1999). Second‐Order Decisions. Ethics 110 (1):5-31.
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  31. Cass R. Sunstein, Edna Ullmann‐Margalit, Sarah Williams Holtman, Philip Kitcher, Linda Barclay & John Martin Fischer (1999). 10. Jerrold Levinson, Ed., Aesthetics and Ethics: Essays at the Intersection Jerrold Levinson, Ed., Aesthetics and Ethics: Essays at the Intersection (Pp. 215-219). [REVIEW] Ethics 110 (1).
     
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  32. Cass R. Sunstein (1996). Against Tradition. Social Philosophy and Policy 13 (01):207-.
    In recent years many people have suggested that rights come from traditions. More particularly, many people interested in American constitutional law have said that constitutional rights should be developed with close reference to American traditions. In this essay, I mean to challenge these claims. I argue that the enterprise of defining rights, including constitutional rights, should not be founded on an inquiry into tradition. Traditions should be assessed, not replicated. I also try to unpack some of the complexities in the (...)
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  33. Cass R. Sunstein (1994). Same-Sex Relations and the Law. Metaphilosophy 25 (4):262-284.
  34. Cass R. Sunstein (1994). On Costs, Benefits, and Regulatory Success: Reply to Crandall. Critical Review 8 (4):623-633.
    Robert Crandall writes as if the regulatory state is a simple failure. In fact, however, from the economic point of view there have been many successes, in the form of regulations whose benefits exceed their costs. Moreover, economic criteria are inadequate for evaluating regulatory performance, since even well?aggregated private willingness to pay provides a poor basis for assessing government regulation. It is now necessary to move beyond sterile debates about whether regulation is desirable; nonregulation is not an option, since (...)
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  35. Cass R. Sunstein (1991). Preferences and Politics. Philosophy and Public Affairs 20 (1):3-34.
  36. Cass R. Sunstein (1991). Why Markets Don't Stop Discrimination. Social Philosophy and Policy 8 (02):22-.
    Markets, it is sometimes said, are hard on discrimination. An employer who finds himself refusing to hire qualified blacks and women will, in the long run, lose out to those who are willing to draw from a broader labor pool. Employer discrimination amounts to a self-destructive “taste” – self-destructive because employers who indulge that taste add to the costs of doing business. Added costs can only hurt. To put it simply, bigots are weak competitors. The market will drive them out. (...)
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  37. Cass R. Sunstein (1990). Feminism & Political Theory. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
  38. Cass R. Sunstein (1990). Norms in Surprising Places: The Case of Statutory Interpretation. Ethics 100 (4):803-820.
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  39. Cass R. Sunstein (1989). Introduction: Notes on Feminist Political Thought. Ethics 99 (2):219-228.
  40. Cass R. Sunstein (1984). Book Review:Equality Under the Constitution: Reclaiming the Fourteenth Amendment. Judith A. Baer. [REVIEW] Ethics 95 (1):153-.
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  41. Cass R. Sunstein (1983). Politics and Adjudication:The Principles of Social Order. Lon Fuller; The Politics of Law: A Progressive Critique. David Kairys. Ethics 94 (1):126-.
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  42. Cass R. Sunstein (1983). Review: Politics and Adjudication. [REVIEW] Ethics 94 (1):126 - 135.
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