Search results for 'Category' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Jonathan Bain (2013). Category-Theoretic Structure and Radical Ontic Structural Realism. Synthese 190 (9):1621-1635.score: 24.0
    Radical Ontic Structural Realism (ROSR) claims that structure exists independently of objects that may instantiate it. Critics of ROSR contend that this claim is conceptually incoherent, insofar as, (i) it entails there can be relations without relata, and (ii) there is a conceptual dependence between relations and relata. In this essay I suggest that (ii) is motivated by a set-theoretic formulation of structure, and that adopting a category-theoretic formulation may provide ROSR with more support. In particular, I consider how (...)
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  2. Jan Westerhoff (2002). Defining 'Ontological Category'. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 102 (3):287–293.score: 24.0
    Although a considerable degree of precision has been introduced both into the formulation and the discussion of ontological theories by the use of formal methods there is still a remarkable indefiniteness about foundational issues. In particular it is not clear what an ontological category is and why we regard something as an ontological category. This is amazing given that the notion of ontological category is in fact the most basic of the whole of ontology: it is what (...)
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  3. Ofra Magidor (2009). Category Mistakes Are Meaningful. Linguistics and Philosophy 32 (6):553-581.score: 24.0
    Category mistakes are sentences such as ‘Colourless green ideas sleep furiously’ or ‘The theory of relativity is eating breakfast’. Such sentences are highly anomalous, and this has led a large number of linguists and philosophers to conclude that they are meaningless (call this ‘the meaninglessness view’). In this paper I argue that the meaninglessness view is incorrect and category mistakes are meaningful. I provide four arguments against the meaninglessness view: in Sect. 2, an argument concerning compositionality with respect (...)
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  4. C. J. Isham (2005). Quantising on a Category. Foundations of Physics 35 (2):271-297.score: 24.0
    We review the problem of finding a general framework within which one can construct quantum theories of non-standard models for space, or space-time. The starting point is the observation that entities of this type can typically be regarded as objects in a category whose arrows are structure-preserving maps. This motivates investigating the general problem of quantising a system whose ‘configuration space’ (or history-theory analogue) is the set of objects Ob(Q) in a category Q. We develop a scheme based (...)
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  5. Michael John Healy & Thomas Preston Caudell (2006). Ontologies and Worlds in Category Theory: Implications for Neural Systems. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 16 (1-2):165-214.score: 24.0
    We propose category theory, the mathematical theory of structure, as a vehicle for defining ontologies in an unambiguous language with analytical and constructive features. Specifically, we apply categorical logic and model theory, based upon viewing an ontology as a sub-category of a category of theories expressed in a formal logic. In addition to providing mathematical rigor, this approach has several advantages. It allows the incremental analysis of ontologies by basing them in an interconnected hierarchy of theories, with (...)
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  6. Glyn W. Humphreys & Emer M. E. Forde (2001). Hierarchies, Similarity, and Interactivity in Object Recognition: “Category-Specific” Neuropsychological Deficits. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):453-476.score: 24.0
    Category-specific impairments of object recognition and naming are among the most intriguing disorders in neuropsychology, affecting the retrieval of knowledge about either living or nonliving things. They can give us insight into the nature of our representations of objects: Have we evolved different neural systems for recognizing different categories of object? What kinds of knowledge are important for recognizing particular objects? How does visual similarity within a category influence object recognition and representation? What is the nature of (...)
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  7. Joseph J. Williams & Tania Lombrozo (2010). The Role of Explanation in Discovery and Generalization: Evidence From Category Learning. Cognitive Science 34 (5):776-806.score: 24.0
    Research in education and cognitive development suggests that explaining plays a key role in learning and generalization: When learners provide explanations—even to themselves—they learn more effectively and generalize more readily to novel situations. This paper proposes and tests a subsumptive constraints account of this effect. Motivated by philosophical theories of explanation, this account predicts that explaining guides learners to interpret what they are learning in terms of unifying patterns or regularities, which promotes the discovery of broad generalizations. Three experiments provide (...)
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  8. Jonathan R. Folstein, Isabel Gauthier & Thomas J. Palmeri (2010). Mere Exposure Alters Category Learning of Novel Objects. Frontiers in Psychology 1:40-40.score: 24.0
    We investigated how mere exposure to complex objects with correlated or uncorrelated object features affects later category learning of new objects not seen during exposure. Correlations among pre-exposed object dimensions influenced later category learning. Unlike other published studies, the collection of pre-exposed objects provided no information regarding the categories to be learned, ruling out unsupervised or incidental category learning during pre-exposure. Instead, results are interpreted with respect to statistical learning mechanisms, providing one of the first demonstrations of (...)
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  9. Seremeti Lambrini & Kameas Achilles (forthcoming). Composable Relations Induced in Networks of Aligned Ontologies: A Category Theoretic Approach. Axiomathes:1-27.score: 24.0
    A network of aligned ontologies is a distributed system, whose components (constituent ontologies) are interacting and interoperating, the result of this interaction being, either the extension of local assertions, which are valid within each individual ontology, to global assertions holding between remote ontology syntactic entities (concepts, individuals) through a network path, or to local assertions holding between local entities of an ontology, but induced by remote ontologies, through a cycle in the network. The mechanism for achieving this interaction is the (...)
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  10. John Voiklis & James E. Corter (2012). Conventional Wisdom: Negotiating Conventions of Reference Enhances Category Learning. Cognitive Science 36 (4):607-634.score: 24.0
    Collaborators generally coordinate their activities through communication, during which they readily negotiate a shared lexicon for activity-related objects. This social-pragmatic activity both recruits and affects cognitive and social-cognitive processes ranging from selective attention to perspective taking. We ask whether negotiating reference also facilitates category learning or might private verbalization yield comparable facilitation? Participants in three referential conditions learned to classify imaginary creatures according to combinations of functional features—nutritive and destructive—that implicitly defined four categories. Remote partners communicated in the Dialogue (...)
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  11. Alessandro Stavru (2014). CORNELLI, G. (2013). In Search of Pythagoreanism. Pythagoreanism as an Historiographical Category, “Studia Praesocratica” 4, de Gruyter, Berlin. [REVIEW] Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 13 (13):171-173.score: 24.0
    CORNELLI, G. (2013). In Search of Pythagoreanism. Pythagoreanism as an Historiographical Category, “Studia Praesocratica” 4, de Gruyter, Berlin.
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  12. Juan R. Vidal, Tomás Ossandón, Karim Jerbi, Sarang S. Dalal, Lorella Minotti, Philippe Ryvlin, Philippe Kahane & Jean-Philippe Lachaux (2010). Category-Specific Visual Responses: An Intracranial Study Comparing Gamma, Beta, Alpha, and ERP Response Selectivity. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4.score: 24.0
    The specificity of neural responses to visual objects is a major topic in visual neuroscience. In humans, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have identified several regions of the occipital and temporal lobe that appear specific to faces, letter-strings, scenes, or tools. Direct electrophysiological recordings in the visual cortical areas of epileptic patients have largely confirmed this modular organization, using either single-neuron peri-stimulus time-histogram or intracerebral event-related potentials (iERP). In parallel, a new research stream has emerged using high-frequency gamma-band activity (...)
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  13. Albert Hofstadter (1951). Professor Ryle's Category-Mistake. Journal of Philosophy 48 (April):257-269.score: 21.0
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  14. Michael Carrithers, Steven Collins & Steven Lukes (eds.) (1985). The Category of the Person: Anthropology, Philosophy, History. Cambridge University Press.score: 21.0
    The concept that peope have of themselves as a 'person' is one of the most intimate notions that they hold. Yet the way in which the category of the person is conceived varies over time and space. In this volume, anthropologists, philosophers, and historians examine the notion of the person in different cultures, past and present. Taking as their starting point a lecture on the person as a category of the human mind, given by Marcel Mauss in 1938, (...)
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  15. John Ross & Vincent Di Lollo (1968). Category Scales and Contrast Effects with Lifted Weights. Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (4p1):547.score: 21.0
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  16. William F. Battig & William E. Montague (1969). Category Norms of Verbal Items in 56 Categories A Replication and Extension of the Connecticut Category Norms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (3p2):1.score: 21.0
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  17. Marilyn A. Borges & George Mangler (1972). Effect of Within-Category Spacing on Free Recall. Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (2):207.score: 21.0
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  18. James L. Fozard, Judith R. Myers & Nancy C. Waugh (1971). Recalling Recent Exemplars of a Category. Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (2):262.score: 21.0
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  19. Robert L. Hudson (1969). Category Clustering for Immediate and Delayed Recall as a Function of Recall Cue Information and Response Dominance Variability. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (3):575.score: 21.0
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  20. S. S. Stevens & E. H. Galanter (1957). Ratio Scales and Category Scales for a Dozen Perceptual Continua. Journal of Experimental Psychology 54 (6):377.score: 21.0
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  21. Ethel Weiss (1967). Stimulus Category Cue and List Difficulty as Determinants of the Amount of Transfer. Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (3):446.score: 21.0
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  22. Jonathan L. Freedman & Elizabeth F. Loftus (1974). Retrieval of Words From Well-Learned Sets: The Effect of Category Size. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (6):1085.score: 21.0
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  23. Robert L. Hudson & James B. Austin (1970). Effect of Context and Category Name on the Recall of Categorized Word Lists. Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (1):43.score: 21.0
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  24. Peder J. Johnson & Thomas C. Toppino (1974). Effects of Category Attention, Relative Frequency of Relevant Values, and Practice on Attribute Identification Performance. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (1):160.score: 21.0
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  25. Kyriakos Kermedis (2003). Some Weak Forms of the Baire Category Theorem. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 49 (4):369.score: 21.0
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  26. Michael D. Lee & Wolf Vanpaemel (2008). Exemplars, Prototypes, Similarities, and Rules in Category Representation: An Example of Hierarchical Bayesian Analysis. Cognitive Science 32 (8):1403-1424.score: 21.0
  27. Denis Mareschal, Paul C. Quinn & Robert M. French (2002). Asymmetric Interference in 3‐ to 4‐Month‐Olds' Sequential Category Learning. Cognitive Science 26 (3):377-389.score: 21.0
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  28. Carolina Duràn (2011). The Role of Grammatical Category Information in Spoken Word Retrieval. Frontiers in Psychology 2:338-338.score: 21.0
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  29. Allen Parducci & Linda F. Perrett (1971). Category Rating Scales: Effects of Relative Spacing and Frequency of Stimulus Values. Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (2):427.score: 21.0
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  30. Boonie Z. Strand (1970). Retroactive Inhibition in Free Recall Learning: Unlearning or Category Size Or? Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (2p1):286.score: 21.0
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  31. T. Yamazaki (2000). Some More Conservation Results on the Baire Category Theorem. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 46 (1):105-110.score: 21.0
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  32. Isabel M. Birnbaum (1974). Category Similarity and Retroactive Inhibition in Free Recall. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (6):1147.score: 21.0
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  33. J. M. Breutzmann, J. H. Lutz & D. W. Juedes (2004). Baire Category and Nowhere Differentiability for Feasible Functions. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 50 (4):460.score: 21.0
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  34. William H. Bruvold (1969). Category and Successive Intervals Scales for Rating Statements and Stimulus Objects. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (2):230.score: 21.0
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  35. Ram G. Chatterjea (1964). Temporal Duration: Ratio Scale and Category Scale. Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (5):412.score: 21.0
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  36. Dwight W. Curtis (1970). Magnitude Estimations and Category Judgments of Brightness and Brightness Intervals: A Two-Stage Interpretation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (2p1):201.score: 21.0
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  37. Kent M. Dallett (1964). Number of Categories and Category Information in Free Recall. Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (1):1.score: 21.0
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  38. Merrill F. Elias & Marcel Kinsbourne (1972). Time Course of Identity and Category Matching by Spatial Orientation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 95 (1):177.score: 21.0
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  39. Trygg Engen & Donald H. McBurney (1964). Magnitude and Category Scales of the Pleasantness of Odors. Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (5):435.score: 21.0
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  40. Shokoofeh Ghorbani, Esfandiar Eslami & Abbas Hasankhani (2009). On the Category of Hyper MV‐Algebras. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 55 (1):21-30.score: 21.0
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  41. Nancy Henry & James F. Voss (1970). Associative Strength Growth Produced Via Category Membership. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (1p1):136.score: 21.0
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  42. Barry L. Lively & Barry J. Sanford (1972). The Use of Category Information in a Memory-Search Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (2):379.score: 21.0
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  43. Elizabeth F. Loftus (1973). Category Dominance, Instance Dominance, and Categorization Time. Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (1):70.score: 21.0
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  44. John J. Shaughnessy (1973). Verbal Discrimination Learning and Two-Category Classification Learning as a Function of List Length and Pronunciation Instructions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (1):202.score: 21.0
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  45. Fred Shima (1969). Category Clustering in Incidental Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (2p1):380.score: 21.0
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  46. Curtis L. Taylor & Robert C. Haygood (1968). Effects of Degree of Category Separation on Semantic Concept Identification. Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (3p1):356.score: 21.0
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  47. Thomas C. Toppino & Peder J. Johnson (1973). Effects of Category Composition and Response Label on Attribute Identification Concept Performance. Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (2):289.score: 21.0
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  48. Thomas C. Toppino & Peder J. Johnson (1974). Interaction of Positive and Negative Labels with Category Composition in Attribute Identification Concept Performance. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (6):1035.score: 21.0
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  49. Howard J. Walker (1971). Interaction of Imagery, Associative Overlap, and Category Membership in Multitrial Free Recall. Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (3):333.score: 21.0
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  50. Delos D. Wicken, Sandra E. Clark, Frances A. Hill & Roy P. Wittlinger (1968). Investigation of Grammatical Class as an Encoding Category in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (4p1):599.score: 21.0
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