Search results for 'Cerebellum*' (try it on Scholar)

99 found
Order:
  1.  4
    W. T. Thach (1996). On the Specific Role of the Cerebellum in Motor Learning and Cognition: Clues From PET Activation and Lesion Studies in Man. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):411-433.
    Brindley proposed that we initially generate movements , under higher cerebral control. As the movement is practiced, the cerebellum learns to link within itself the context in which the movement is made to the lower level movement generators. Marr and Albus proposed that the linkage is established by a special input from the inferior olive, which plays upon an input-output element within the cerebellum during the period of the learning. When the linkage is complete, the occurrence of the context (represented (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  2.  34
    Allan M. Smith (1996). Does the Cerebellum Learn Strategies for the Optimal Time-Varying Control of Joint Stiffness? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):399-410.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  3.  83
    Arthur I. Miller (2007). Unconscious Thought, Intuition, and Visual Imagery: A Critique of "Working Memory, Cerebellum, and Creativity". Creativity Research Journal 19 (1):47-48.
  4.  14
    Jun Wang, Gregory Dam, Sule Yildirim, William Rand, Uri Wilensky & James C. Houk (2008). Reciprocity Between the Cerebellum and the Cerebral Cortex: Nonlinear Dynamics in Microscopic Modules for Generating Voluntary Motor Commands. Complexity 14 (2):29-45.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5. F. Crépel, N. Hemart, D. Jaillard & H. Daniel (1996). Cellular Mechanisms of Long-Term Depression in the Cerebellum. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):347-353.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6. Ralph D. Ellis (2001). A Theoretical Model of the Role of the Cerebellum in Cognition, Attention and Consciousness. Consciousness and Emotion 2 (2):300-309.
  7. Natika Newton (2001). The Function of the Cerebellum in Cognition, Affect and Consciousness: Empirical Support for the Embodied Mind--Introduction. Consciousness and Emotion 2 (2):273-276.
  8.  7
    James C. Houk, Jay T. Buckingham & Andrew G. Barto (1996). Models of the Cerebellum and Motor Learning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):368-383.
    This article reviews models of the cerebellum and motor learning, from the landmark papers by Marr and Albus through those of the present time. The unique architecture of the cerebellar cortex is ideally suited for pattern recognition, but how is pattern recognition incorporated into motor control and learning systems? The present analysis begins with a discussion of exactly what the cerebellar cortex needs to regulate through its anatomically defined projections to premotor networks. Next, we examine various models showing how the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  9.  13
    J. D. Schmahmann, C. M. Anderson, N. Newton & R. Ellis (2002). The Function of the Cerebellum in Cognition, Affect and Consciousness: Empirical Support for the Embodied Mind. Consciousness and Emotion 2 (2):273-309.
    Editors’ note: These four interrelated discussions of the role of the cerebellum in coordinating emotional and higher cognitive functions developed out of a workshop presented by the four authors for the 2000 Conference of the Cognitive Science Society at the University of Pennsylvania. The four interrelated discussions explore the implications of the recent explosion of cerebellum research suggesting an expanded cerebellar role in higher cognitive functions as well as in the coordination of emotional functions with learning, logical thinking, perceptual consciousness, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  10.  3
    Robert E. Shaw, Endre E. Kadar & M. T. Turvey (1997). The Job Description of the Cerebellum and a Candidate Model of its “Tidal Wave” Function. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):265-265.
    A path space integral approach to modelling the job description of the cerebellum is proposed. This new approach incorporates the equation into a kind of generalized Huygens's wave equation. The resulting exponential functional integral provides a mathematical expression of the inhibitory function by which the cerebellum the intended control signal from the background of neuronal excitation.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  11. D. Flament & T. J. Ebner (1996). The Cerebellum as Comparator: Increases in Cerebellar Activity During Motor Learning May Reflect its Role as Part of an Error Detection/Correction Mechanism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):447-448.
    The role of the cerebellum as a comparator of desired motor output and actual performance may be most important during learning of a novel motor task, when movement errors are common and corrective movements are produced to compensate for them. It is suggested that PET and recent fMRI data are compatible with such an interpretation. Increased activity in motor cortical areas during motor learning indicates that these areas also contribute to the learning process, [THACH].
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  12.  18
    Edward M. Hubbard & Vilayanur S. Ramachandran (2004). The Size-Weight Illusion, Emulation, and the Cerebellum. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):407-408.
    In this commentary we discuss a predictive sensorimotor illusion, the size-weight illusion, in which the smaller of two objects of equal weight is perceived as heavier. We suggest that Grush's emulation theory can explain this illusion as a mismatch between predicted and actual sensorimotor feedback, and present preliminary data suggesting that the cerebellum may be critical for implementing the emulator.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13.  4
    R. J. Harvey (1997). Patterns of Organisation in the Cerebellum and the Control of Timing. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):251-252.
    Precise timing of muscle contractions is an important prerequisite for motor control and one to which the cerebellum contributes. Braitenberg et al.'s detailed timing hypotheses relate only to a subset of the known features of the organisation of the cerebellum. However, the cerebellar architecture clearly supports the that are central to the authors' proposal and such tidal waves are very likely to contribute to its functions.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14.  4
    D. Timmann & H. C. Diener (1996). Limitations of PET and Lesion Studies in Defining the Role of the Human Cerebellum in Motor Learning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):477-477.
    PET studies using classical conditioning paradigms are reported. It is emphasized that PET studies show and not in learning paradigms. The importance of dissociating motor performance and learning deficits in human lesions studies is demonstrated in two exemplary studies. The different role of the cerebellum in adaptation of postural reflexes and learning of complex voluntary arm movements is discussed, [THACH].
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15.  2
    Richard F. Thompson (1996). Motor Learning and Synaptic Plasticity in the Cerebellum. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):475-477.
    For reasons I have never understood, some students of the cerebellum have been unwilling to accept the now overwhelming evidence that the cerebellum exhibits lasting synaptic plasticity and plays an essential role in some forms of learning and memory. With a few exceptions (e.g., target article by SIMPSON et al.) this is no longer the case, as is clear in the excellent target articles on cerebellar LTD and the excellent target review by HOUK et al. [CRÉPEL et al.; HOUR et (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16.  2
    R. C. Miall, M. Malkmus & E. M. Robertson (1996). Sensory Prediction as a Role for the Cerebellum. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):466-467.
    We suggest that the cerebellum generates sensory or estimates based on outgoing motor commands and sensory feedback. Thus, it is not a motor pattern generator (HOUK et al.) but a predictive system which is intimately involved in motor behavior. This theory may explain the sensitivity of the climbing fibers to both unexpected external events and motor errors (SIMPSON et al.), and we speculate that unusual biophysical properties of the inferior olive might allow the cerebellum to develop multiple asynchronous sensory estimates, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17.  2
    Shane M. O'Mara (1996). The Cerebellum and Cerebral Cortex: Contrasting and Converging Contributions to Spatial Navigation and Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):469-470.
    Thach's target article presents a remarkable overview and integration of animal and human studies on the functions of the cerebellum and makes clear theoretical predictions for both the normal operation of the cerebellum and for the effects of cerebellar lesions in the mature human. Commentary is provided on three areas, namely, spatial navigation, implicit learning, and cerebellar agenesis to elicit further development of the themes already present in Thach's paper, [THACH].
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18.  2
    Stephan P. Swinnen, Charles B. Walter & Natalia Dounskaia (1996). We Know a Lot About the Cerebellum, but Do We Know What Motor Learning Is? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):474-475.
    In the behavioral literature on human movement, a distinction is made between the learning of parameters and the learning of new movement forms or topologies. Whereas the target articles by Thach, Smith, and Houk et al. provide evidence for cerebellar involvement in parametrization learning and adaptation, the evidence in favor of its involvement in the generation of new movement patterns is less straightforward. A case is made for focusing more attention on the latter issue in the future. This would directly (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19.  1
    Eric Courchesne (1997). Prediction and Preparation: Anticipatory Role of the Cerebellum in Diverse Neurobehavioral Functions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):248-249.
    Braitenberg et al.'s view that the cerebellum contributes to multijoint sequences of movement is too narrow to account adequately for results from new anatomical, neurobehavioral, and neuroimaging studies. A broader view is that the cerebellum modulates attention, sensory, motor, and other neural systems in order to accomplish its prime function, which is to learn to predict and prepare for imminent information acquisition, analysis, or action.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20.  1
    Franz Mechsner & Günther Palm (1997). Is the Cerebellum Essentially a Precise Pattern Matching Device? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):257-257.
    (1) The is not the only interpretation of cerebellar histology worth considering. Therefore, it is not imperative to strive for a theory of cerebellar function which gives it a prominent rôle. (2) The experiments with cannot support the tidal wave theory. (3) The notion that only can excite the cerebellar cortex is burdened with many intrinsic difficulties. (4) The common theoretical claim that the accuracy of skilled movements is due to exact pattern-matching processes in the cerebellum may be most misleading.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21.  1
    Helge Topka & Johannes Dichgans (1997). The Cerebellum and the Physics of Movement. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):266-266.
    This commentary reviews the basic physical principles underlying human single- and multi-joint arm movements. The potential role of the cerebellum in dealing with the physics of movement is discussed in the light of recent physiological findings and the theoretical model of cerebellar detection and generation of input and output sequences put forward by Braitenberg and colleagues.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22. C. Gielen (1996). Cerebellum Does More Than Recalibration of Movements After Perturbations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):448-449.
    We argue that the function of the cerebellum is more than just an error-detecting mechanism. Rather, the cerebellum plays an important role in all movements. The bias in (re)calibration is an unfortunate restrictive result of a very successful and important experiment, [SMITH, THACH].
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23. Steven R. Vincent (1996). Nitric Oxide and Synaptic Plasticity: NO News From the Cerebellum. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):362-367.
    Interest in the role of nitric oxide (NO) in the nervous system began with the demonstration that glutamate receptor activation in cerebellar slices causes the formation of a diffusible messenger with properties similar to those of the endothelium-derived relaxing factor. It is now clear that this is due to the Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent activation of the enzyme NO synthase, which forms NO and citrulline from the amino acid L-arginine. The cerebellum has very high levels of NO synthase, and although it has low (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24.  4
    James R. Bloedel (1992). Functional Heterogeneity with Structural Homogeneity: How Does the Cerebellum Operate? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (4):666-678.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   78 citations  
  25.  20
    Daniel M. Wolpert, R. Chris Miall & Mitsuo Kawato (1998). Internal Models in the Cerebellum. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (9):338-347.
  26.  3
    James M. Bower (1992). Is the Cerebellum a Motor Control Device? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (4):714-715.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   36 citations  
  27.  9
    John E. Desmond & Julie A. Fiez (1998). Neuroimaging Studies of the Cerebellum: Language, Learning and Memory. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (9):355-362.
  28.  13
    Christopher H. Yeo & Germund Hesslow (1998). Cerebellum and Conditioned Reflexes. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (9):322-330.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  29.  8
    William T. Thach (1998). What is the Role of the Cerebellum in Motor Learning and Cognition? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (9):331-337.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  30.  20
    David J. Herzfeld & Reza Shadmehr (2014). Cerebellum Estimates the Sensory State of the Body. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (2):66-67.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31.  17
    Jan Voogd & Mitchell Glickstein (1998). The Anatomy of the Cerebellum. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (9):307-313.
  32.  6
    Masao Ito (1998). The Cerebellum: From Structure to Control. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (9):371.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33.  7
    Frank A. Middleton & Peter L. Strick (1998). The Cerebellum: An Overview. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (9):305-306.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34.  1
    David A. Mccormick, David G. Lavond, Gregory A. Clark, Ronald E. Kettner, Christina E. Rising & Richard F. Thompson (1981). The Engram Found? Role of the Cerebellum in Classical Conditioning of Nictitating Membrane and Eyelid Responses. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 18 (3):103-105.
  35. O. P. Ottersen & J. Storm-Mathisen (1987). Distribution of Inhibitory Amino Acid Neurons in the Cerebellum with Some Observations on the Spinal Cord: An Immunocytochemical Study with Antisera Against Fixed GABA, Glycine, Taurine, and Β-Alanine. Journal of Mind and Behavior 8 (4):503-518.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  36.  4
    Paul van Donkelaar (1996). Sensorimotor Learning in Structures “Upstream” From the Cerebellum. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):477-478.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37.  2
    Jeremy D. Schmahmann (1996). Dysmetria of Thought: Correlations and Conundrums in the Relationship Between the Cerebellum, Learning, and Cognitive Processing. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):472-473.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  3
    Frank A. Middleton & Stephen I. Helms Tillery (2003). Cerebellum. In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group
  39.  1
    Richard F. Thompson (1992). The Cerebellum and Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (4):801-802.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40.  2
    William A. MacKay (1997). Why a Sequence Mode If Synchronization Would Fit the Cerebellum Better? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):255-255.
    The model of cerebellar operation is mostly speculation. The same data can be interpreted in a very different way, making fewer assumptions. To wit, sets of Purkinje cells recognize a specific sensorimotor event and trigger a synchronous sensorimotor discharge.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41.  2
    John Antrobus (1986). Rapid Eye Movements and the Cerebellum. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (3):400.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42.  1
    K. Hepp (1996). Programming the Cerebellum. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):455.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43.  2
    V. Braitenberg & H. Preissl (1992). Why is the Output of the Cerebellum Inhibitory? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (4):715-717.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44.  1
    Mark Hallett (1996). The Role of the Cerebellum in Motor Learning is Limited. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):453.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45.  3
    Valentino Braitenberg, Detlef Heck & Fahad Sultan (1997). Waiting for the Ultimate Theory of the Cerebellum. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):267-271.
    Although our idea of sequential input being a key to cerebellar function was taken seriously by most commentators, there were also objections, based in part on experimental evidence that seems to contradict our intuitions and in part on commentators' preferences for different schemes. Several were suspicious of experiments (performed on slices of cerebellar tissue) that may have severed some of the synaptic connections, particularly the inhibitory ones. It is our feeling that a modi-fication of our theory that could satisfy most (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46.  1
    J. Meek (1997). The Cerebellum and Timing: Lessons From Mormyrids. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):258-258.
    Mormyrid teleosts have Purkinje cells with palisade dendrites, which probably represent coincidence detectors of parallel fiber activity. Their existence strongly supports the ideas of Braitenberg et al. on cerebellar function. However, the organization of mormyrid granule cells and parallel fibers suggests that a key to cerebellar function is not in interactions within one wave, but between twoopposite tidal waves.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47. A. J. Bastian, E. Mugnaini & W. T. Thach (1999). Cerebellum. In M. J. Zigmond & F. E. Bloom (eds.), Fundamental Neuroscience. 973--992.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48. Curtis Bell, Paul Cordo & Steven Harnad (1996). Controversies in Neuroscience IV: Motor Learning and Synaptic Plasticity in the Cerebellum: Introduction. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):v-vi.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49. Michel Dufossé (1996). How Can the Cerebellum Match “Error Signal” and “Error Correction”? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):442-442.
    This study examines how a Purkinje cell receives its appropriate olivary error signal during the learning of compound movements. We suggest that the Purkinje cell only reinforces those target pyramidal cells which already participate in the movement, subsequently reducing any repeated error signal, such as its own climbing fiber input, [simpson et al.; smith].
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50. John Eccles (1965). Functional Meaning of the Patterns of Synaptic Connections in the Cerebellum. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 8 (3):289-310.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 99