33 found
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  1. Nei Freitas Nunes Neto & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2006). Gaia, teleologia E função. Episteme 11 (23):15-48.
    Neste artigo, discutimos o papel das explicações teleológicas na teoriaGaia. Mostramos que seu principal proponente, James Lovelock, pretendeevitá-las devido a uma interpretação equivocada da natureza de taisexplicações. Na tentativa de evitar compromissos com a teleologia,Lovelock recorre ao conceito de propriedades emergentes. Esta não é,contudo, uma saída consistente, porque os conceitos de propriedadesemergentes e teleologia não são mutuamente excludentes. Discutimostambém as dificuldades de uma interpretação de Gaia de uma perspectivateleonômica, considerando problemas como o da noção de superorganismo.Para avaliar o estatuto das (...)
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  2.  68
    Argyris Arnellos, Luis Emilio Bruni, Charbel Niño El-Hani & John Collier (2012). Anticipatory Functions, Digital-Analog Forms and Biosemiotics: Integrating the Tools to Model Information and Normativity in Autonomous Biological Agents. Biosemiotics 5 (3):331-367.
    We argue that living systems process information such that functionality emerges in them on a continuous basis. We then provide a framework that can explain and model the normativity of biological functionality. In addition we offer an explanation of the anticipatory nature of functionality within our overall approach. We adopt a Peircean approach to Biosemiotics, and a dynamical approach to Digital-Analog relations and to the interplay between different levels of functionality in autonomous systems, taking an integrative approach. We then apply (...)
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  3.  15
    Nei Nunes-Neto, Alvaro Moreno & Charbel N. El-Hani (2014). Function in Ecology: An Organizational Approach. Biology and Philosophy 29 (1):123-141.
    Functional language is ubiquitous in ecology, mainly in the researches about biodiversity and ecosystem function. However, it has not been adequately investigated by ecologists or philosophers of ecology. In the contemporary philosophy of ecology we can recognize a kind of implicit consensus about this issue: while the etiological approaches cannot offer a good concept of function in ecology, Cummins’ systemic approach can. Here we propose to go beyond this implicit consensus, because we think these approaches are not adequate for ecology. (...)
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  4.  10
    Charbel N. El-Hani, João Queiroz & Frederik Stjernfelt (2010). Firefly Femmes Fatales: A Case Study in the Semiotics of Deception. [REVIEW] Biosemiotics 3 (1):33-55.
    Mimicry and deception are two important issues in studies about animal communication. The reliability of animal signs and the problem of the benefits of deceiving in sign exchanges are interesting topics in the evolution of communication. In this paper, we intend to contribute to an understanding of deception by studying the case of aggressive signal mimicry in fireflies, investigated by James Lloyd. Firefly femmes fatales are specialized in mimicking the mating signals of other species of fireflies with the purpose of (...)
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  5.  3
    Nei Freitas Nunes-Neto, RicarDo Santos do Carmo & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2013). O conceito de função na ecologia contempor'nea. Revista de Filosofia Aurora 25 (423):43.
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  6.  5
    Charbel Niño El-Hani & Sami Pihlström (2002). Emergence Theories and Pragmatic Realism. Essays in Philosophy 3 (2):3.
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  7.  41
    Joao Queiroz & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2006). Semiosis as an Emergent Process. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 42 (1):78-116.
    : In this paper, we intend to discuss if and in what sense semiosis (meaning process, cf. C. S. Peirce) can be regarded as an "emergent" process in semiotic systems. It is not our problem here to answer when or how semiosis emerged in nature. As a prerequisite for the very formulation of these problems, we are rather interested in discussing the conditions which should be fulfilled for semiosis to be characterized as an emergent process. The first step in this (...)
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  8.  5
    Charbel Nino El-Hani (2002). On the Reality of Emergents. Principia 6 (1):51-87.
    The controversy over the notion of emergence has recently re-emerged But a rigorous debate concerning how it might be explained or defined is often lacking Emergence is discussed here under two strict conditions (l) emergents can be predictable from the knowledge about a system's parts, (ll) emergents can be regarded as dependent on, and deternuned by, the system's micro-structure O'Connor's definmon of an emergent property is taken as a starting-point for a new definmon, incorporating Emmeche and colleagues' analysis of dounward (...)
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  9.  27
    João Queiroz & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2006). Towards a Multi-Level Approach to the Emergence of Meaning Processes in Living Systems. Acta Biotheoretica 54 (3):179-206.
    Any description of the emergence and evolution of different types of meaning processes (semiosis, sensu C.S.Peirce) in living systems must be supported by a theoretical framework which makes it possible to understand the nature and dynamics of such processes. Here we propose that the emergence of semiosis of different kinds can be understood as resulting from fundamental interactions in a triadically-organized hierarchical process. To grasp these interactions, we develop a model grounded on Stanley Salthe's hierarchical structuralism. This model can be (...)
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  10.  41
    Antônio Gomes, Ricardo Gudwin, Charbel Niño El-Hani & João Queiroz (2007). Towards the Emergence of Meaning Processes in Computers From Peircean Semiotics. Mind and Society 6 (2):173-187.
    In this work, we propose a computational approach to the triadic model of Peircean semiosis (meaning processes). We investigate theoretical constraints about the feasibility of simulated semiosis. These constraints, which are basic requirements for the simulation of semiosis, refer to the synthesis of irreducible triadic relations (Sign–Object–Interpretant). We examine the internal organization of the triad S–O–I, that is, the relative position of its elements and how they relate to each other. We also suggest a multi-level approach based on self-organization principles. (...)
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  11.  6
    Juanma Sánchez-Arteaga, Davide Rasella, Laia Ventura Garcia & Charbel El-Hani (2015). Otherness, Human Biology, and Biomedicine. Scientiae Studia 13 (3):615-641.
    RESUMOO presente artigo analisa processos de alterização na biologia humana e na biomedicina. A alterização é entendida aqui como o processo cultural de produção de alteridades por meio da delimitação, rotulação e categorização das formas possíveis de ser outro, desde um determinado marco de referência sócio-histórico. Ainda que a alterização faça parte de qualquer processo de delimitação de categorias de identidade no seio de uma cultura - e, nesse sentido, possa apresentar visões do outro tanto positivas quanto negativas -, aqui (...)
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  12.  99
    Paulo Abrantes & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2009). Gould, Hull, and the Individuation of Scientific Theories. Foundations of Science 14 (4):295-313.
    When is conceptual change so significant that we should talk about a new theory, not a new version of the same theory? We address this problem here, starting from Gould’s discussion of the individuation of the Darwinian theory. He locates his position between two extremes: ‘minimalist’—a theory should be individuated merely by its insertion in a historical lineage—and ‘maximalist’—exhaustive lists of necessary and sufficient conditions are required for individuation. He imputes the minimalist position to Hull and attempts a reductio : (...)
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  13. Charbel Nino El-Hani & Antonio Marcos Pereira (2000). Higher-Level Descriptions: Why Should We Preserve Them. In P. B. Andersen, Claus Emmeche, N. O. Finnemann & P. V. Christiansen (eds.), Downward Causation. University of Aarhus Press
     
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  14. Charbel Niño El-Hani & Antonio Marcos Pereira (1999). Understanding Biological Causation. In V. Harcastle (ed.), Where Biology Meets Psychology.
     
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  15.  11
    Charbel Niño El-Hani (2005). Downward Determination. Abstracta 1 (2):162-192.
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  16.  26
    Charbel Niño El-Hani (2010). Emergence and Downward Causation. Principia 6 (1):1-4.
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  17.  4
    Joao Queiroz & Charbel Nino El-Hani (2006). Semiosis as an Emergent Process. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 42 (1):78-116.
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  18.  50
    Angelo Loula, Ricardo Gudwin, Charbel El-Hani & João Queiroz, The Emergence of Symbol-Based Communication in a Complex System of Artificial Creatures.
    We present here a digital scenario to simulate the emergence of self-organized symbol-based communication among artificial creatures inhabiting a virtual world of predatory events. In order to design the environment and creatures, we seek theoretical and empirical constraints from C.S.Peirce Semiotics and an ethological case study of communication among animals. Our results show that the creatures, assuming the role of sign users and learners, behave collectively as a complex system, where self-organization of communicative interactions plays a major role in the (...)
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  19.  6
    Leyla Mariane Joaquim & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2010). A genética em transformação: crise e revisão do conceito de gene. Scientiae Studia 8 (1):93-128.
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  20. Nei Freitas Nunes Neto & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2006). Gaia, teleologia e função. Episteme 11 (23):15-48.
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  21.  12
    Ana Maria Rocha de Almeida & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2010). Um exame histórico-filosófico da biologia evolutiva do desenvolvimento. Scientiae Studia 8 (1):9-10.
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  22.  7
    Charbel N. El-Hani, Ana Maria R. de Alameida, Gilberto C. Bomfim, Leyla M. Joaquim, João Carlos M. Magalhães, Lia M. N. Meyer, Maiana A. Pitombo & Vanessa C. dos Santos (2014). The Contribution of History and Philosophy to the Problem of Hybrid Views About Genes in Genetics Teaching. In Michael R. Matthews (ed.), International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer 469-520.
    Currently there are persistent doubts about the meaning and contributions of the gene concept, mostly related to its interpretation as a stretch of DNA encoding a single functional product, i.e., the classical molecular gene concept. There is, however, much conceptual variation around genes, leading to important difficulties in genetics teaching. We investigated whether and how conceptual variation related to the gene concept and gene function models is present in school science and what potential problems it may bring to genetics teaching (...)
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  23.  5
    Charbel Niño El-Hani & João Queiroz (2005). Modes of Irreductibility of Emergent Properties. Scientiae Studia 3 (1):9-41.
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  24.  6
    Charbel El-Hani & Sami Pihlström (2005). A Pragmatic Realist View of Emergence. Manuscrito 25 (3):105-154.
    This paper examines the notion of emergence from the perspective of pragmatism, drawing special attention to Donald Davidson’s recent account of the emergence of thought and to Hilary Putnam’s pragmatic realism, which, we argue, can be applied to the question of the reality of emergent properties. Our overall conclusion is that the debate over the concept of emergence actively going on in contemporary metaphysics, philosophy of mind, and philosophy of science should be focused more strongly on the realism issue, even (...)
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  25.  3
    Nei Freitas Nunes-Neto & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2009). O que é função? Debates na filosofia da biologia contemporânea. Scientiae Studia 7 (3):353-401.
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  26.  3
    Charbel Niño El-Hani & João Queiroz (2005). Modos de irredutibilidade das propriedades emergentes. Scientiae Studia 3 (1):9-41.
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  27. Joao Queiroz & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2007). La emergencia de significado en sistemas semióticos. Revista de filosofía (Chile) 56 (2):47-65.
    Cualquier descripción de la emergencia de significado en sistemas biológicos y artificiales debe apoyarse en un marco teórico que haga posible entender la naturaleza y la dinámica de tales procesos. En este artículo se toma la filosofía pragmática del signo de Charles S. Peirce, que asociamos aquí con el estructuralismo jerárquico de Stanley Salthe, como la base correcta para desarrollar ese marco conceptual. Se formulan algunas preguntas que consideramos fundamentales para asegurar una aplicación precisa de la noción de emergencia en (...)
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  28. Ana Maria Rocha de Almeida & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2006). Darwinismo neural: Uma extensão metafórica da teoria da seleção natural. Episteme 11 (24):335-356.
    O Darwinismo Neural explica o funcionamento do sistema nervosocentral com base em um processo de seleção populacional de gruposneuronais. Três características são compartilhadas entre DN e a teoria daseleção natural: repertórios variados de elementos, cuja fonte de variaçãonão está causalmente relacionada a eventos subseqüentes; interaçãocom o ambiente, permitindo a seleção de variantes favorecidas; e reprodução diferencial e herança de características das variantes.Interpretado como uma forma de epistemologia evolucionista, DN podeser incluído no programa da epistemologia evolucionista de mecanismos, como entendido por (...)
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  29. Charbel El-Hani (2002). An Introduction to a Special Number of Principia. Principia: Revista Internacional de Epistemologia 6 (1):1-311.
     
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  30. Charbel El-Hani, Alice Wong, Ross Nehm & Kostas Kampourakis (2015). Peer Review and Darwinian Selection. Science and Education 24 (9 - 10):1055-1057.
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  31. Carlos Eduardo de Sousa Lyra, Gabriel José Corrêa Mograbi & Charbel N. El-Hani (2015). Fundamentos neurobiológicos da consciência e a teoria do campo unificado: uma análise filosófica. Veritas 60 (2):287-312.
    No presente artigo, analisamos as abordagens de António Damásio e Gerald Edelman sobre a consciência e fazemos um paralelo com as teses apresentadas pelo filósofo John Searle. Recorremos também às críticas dos filósofos Bennett e Hacker como pedras de toque da viabilidade de algumas teses. Desse modo, apresentamos uma revisão sistemática da obra de Damásio, Edelman e Searle, a fim de promover um diálogo produtivo entre as ideias defendidas por estes autores, os quais, segundo nossa interpretação, assumem uma teoria do (...)
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  32. João Queiroz & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2007). On Peirce's Notion of Information: Remarks on De Tienne's Paper "Information in Formation": Sobre a Noção Peirceana de Informação: Observações Sobre o Artigo "Informação Em Formação" de De Tienne. Cognitio 8 (2).
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  33. João Queiroz & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2010). Sobre a Forma do Signo e da Semiose: On the Form of the Sign and Semiosis. Cognitio 11 (1).
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