Search results for 'Charbel Niño EI-Hani' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Charbel Niño Ei-Hani & Antonio Augusto Passos Videira (2001). Causação Descendente, Emergência de Propriedades E Modos Causais Aristotélicos (Downward Causation, Property Emergence, and Aristotelian Causal Modes). Theoria 16 (2):301-329.score: 85.5
    O problema da causação descendente é um ponto central na formulação do fisicalismo não-redutivo e na compreensão da emergência de propriedades. Duas interpretações possíveis da causação descendente, nas quais a contribuição do pensamento aristotélico é importante, são examinadas. Os requisitos do programa de matematização da natureza na mecanica clássica, que levaram ao abandono de três dos modos causais aristotélicos, nao parecem igualmente importantes nas ciencias especiais. Isto sugere que a contribuição de Aristóteles pode ser, de certa maneira, retomada. Uma definição (...)
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  2. Charbel Niño Ei-Hani & Antonio Augusto Passos Videira (2001). Causação descendente, emergência de propriedades e modos causais aristotélicos (Downward Causation, Property Emergence, and Aristotelian Causal Modes). Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 16 (2):301-329.score: 85.5
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  3. Frederick E. Brenk, Plutarch, J. Defradas, J. Hani & R. Klaerr (1987). Oeuvres Morales. Tome Ii. Consolation a Apollonios, Preceptes de Sante, Preceptes de Mariage, Le Banquet des Sept Sages, De la Superstition. Journal of Hellenic Studies 107:206.score: 30.0
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  4. Motoko Hani (1932). Leaflets. [Tokyo, Jiyu Gakuen].score: 30.0
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  5. Paulo Abrantes & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2009). Gould, Hull, and the Individuation of Scientific Theories. Foundations of Science 14 (4):295-313.score: 24.0
    When is conceptual change so significant that we should talk about a new theory, not a new version of the same theory? We address this problem here, starting from Gould’s discussion of the individuation of the Darwinian theory. He locates his position between two extremes: ‘minimalist’—a theory should be individuated merely by its insertion in a historical lineage—and ‘maximalist’—exhaustive lists of necessary and sufficient conditions are required for individuation. He imputes the minimalist position to Hull and attempts a reductio : (...)
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  6. Claus Emmeche, Defining Life, Explaining Emergence.score: 24.0
    Bibliographical Note Abstract Explaining things - introductory remarks General attitudes and the standard view Requirements for a definition Life as the natural selection of replicators Life as an autopoietic system Life as a semiotic phenomenon Downward causation Implicitly well-defined general objects Emergence as explanatory strategy: the observer reappears Concluding remarks Acknowledgements Notes References Bibliographical note: Earlier versions of this paper were presented at the Princeton History of Science Workshop on "Growing Explanations", Princeton University, February 15, 1997; and at the meeting (...)
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  7. João Queiroz & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2006). Towards a Multi-Level Approach to the Emergence of Meaning Processes in Living Systems. Acta Biotheoretica 54 (3).score: 24.0
    Any description of the emergence and evolution of different types of meaning processes (semiosis, sensu C.S.Peirce) in living systems must be supported by a theoretical framework which makes it possible to understand the nature and dynamics of such processes. Here we propose that the emergence of semiosis of different kinds can be understood as resulting from fundamental interactions in a triadically-organized hierarchical process. To grasp these interactions, we develop a model grounded on Stanley Salthe's hierarchical structuralism. This model can be (...)
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  8. Joao Queiroz & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2006). Semiosis as an Emergent Process. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 42 (1):78-116.score: 24.0
    : In this paper, we intend to discuss if and in what sense semiosis (meaning process, cf. C. S. Peirce) can be regarded as an "emergent" process in semiotic systems. It is not our problem here to answer when or how semiosis emerged in nature. As a prerequisite for the very formulation of these problems, we are rather interested in discussing the conditions which should be fulfilled for semiosis to be characterized as an emergent process. The first step in this (...)
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  9. Angelo Loula, Ricardo Gudwin, Charbel El-Hani & João Queiroz, The Emergence of Symbol-Based Communication in a Complex System of Artificial Creatures.score: 24.0
    We present here a digital scenario to simulate the emergence of self-organized symbol-based communication among artificial creatures inhabiting a virtual world of predatory events. In order to design the environment and creatures, we seek theoretical and empirical constraints from C.S.Peirce Semiotics and an ethological case study of communication among animals. Our results show that the creatures, assuming the role of sign users and learners, behave collectively as a complex system, where self-organization of communicative interactions plays a major role in the (...)
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  10. Charbel Niño El-Hani (2010). Emergence and Downward Causation. Principia 6 (1):1-4.score: 24.0
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  11. Antônio Gomes, Ricardo Gudwin, Charbel Niño El-Hani & João Queiroz (2007). Towards the Emergence of Meaning Processes in Computers From Peircean Semiotics. Mind and Society 6 (2):173-187.score: 24.0
    In this work, we propose a computational approach to the triadic model of Peircean semiosis (meaning processes). We investigate theoretical constraints about the feasibility of simulated semiosis. These constraints, which are basic requirements for the simulation of semiosis, refer to the synthesis of irreducible triadic relations (Sign–Object–Interpretant). We examine the internal organization of the triad S–O–I, that is, the relative position of its elements and how they relate to each other. We also suggest a multi-level approach based on self-organization principles. (...)
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  12. Ana Maria Rocha de Almeida & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2010). Um exame histórico-filosófico da biologia evolutiva do desenvolvimento. Scientiae Studia 8 (1):9-10.score: 24.0
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  13. Nei Nunes-Neto, Alvaro Moreno & Charbel N. El-Hani (2014). Function in Ecology: An Organizational Approach. Biology and Philosophy 29 (1):123-141.score: 24.0
    Functional language is ubiquitous in ecology, mainly in the researches about biodiversity and ecosystem function. However, it has not been adequately investigated by ecologists or philosophers of ecology. In the contemporary philosophy of ecology we can recognize a kind of implicit consensus about this issue: while the etiological approaches cannot offer a good concept of function in ecology, Cummins’ systemic approach can. Here we propose to go beyond this implicit consensus, because we think these approaches are not adequate for ecology. (...)
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  14. Charbel El-Hani & Sami Pihlström (2005). A Pragmatic Realist View of Emergence. Manuscrito 25 (3).score: 24.0
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  15. Charbel Niño El-Hani (2005). Downward Determination. Abstracta 1 (2):162-192.score: 24.0
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  16. Nei Freitas Nunes-Neto, RicarDo Santos do Carmo & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2013). O conceito de função na ecologia contemporânea. Revista de Filosofia Aurora 25 (423):43.score: 24.0
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  17. Nei Freitas Nunes-Neto & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2009). O que é função? Debates na filosofia da biologia contemporânea. Scientiae Studia 7 (3):353-401.score: 24.0
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  18. Charbel N. El-Hani, João Queiroz & Frederik Stjernfelt (2010). Firefly Femmes Fatales: A Case Study in the Semiotics of Deception. [REVIEW] Biosemiotics 3 (1):33-55.score: 24.0
    Mimicry and deception are two important issues in studies about animal communication. The reliability of animal signs and the problem of the benefits of deceiving in sign exchanges are interesting topics in the evolution of communication. In this paper, we intend to contribute to an understanding of deception by studying the case of aggressive signal mimicry in fireflies, investigated by James Lloyd. Firefly femmes fatales are specialized in mimicking the mating signals of other species of fireflies with the purpose of (...)
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  19. Charbel Niño El-Hani & João Queiroz (2005). Modos de irredutibilidade das propriedades emergentes. Scientiae Studia 3 (1):9-41.score: 24.0
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  20. Charbel Niño El-Hani & João Queiroz (2005). Modes of Irreductibility of Emergent Properties. Scientiae Studia 3 (1):9-41.score: 24.0
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  21. Argyris Arnellos, Luis Emilio Bruni, Charbel Niño El-Hani & John Collier (2012). Anticipatory Functions, Digital-Analog Forms and Biosemiotics: Integrating the Tools to Model Information and Normativity in Autonomous Biological Agents. Biosemiotics 5 (3):331-367.score: 24.0
    We argue that living systems process information such that functionality emerges in them on a continuous basis. We then provide a framework that can explain and model the normativity of biological functionality. In addition we offer an explanation of the anticipatory nature of functionality within our overall approach. We adopt a Peircean approach to Biosemiotics, and a dynamical approach to Digital-Analog relations and to the interplay between different levels of functionality in autonomous systems, taking an integrative approach. We then apply (...)
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  22. Charbel Niño El-Hani & Sami Pihlström (2002). Emergence Theories and Pragmatic Realism. Essays in Philosophy 3 (2):3.score: 24.0
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  23. Charbel Nino El-Hani (2002). On the Reality of Emergents. Principia 6 (1):51-87.score: 24.0
    The controversy over the notion of emergence has recently re-emerged But a rigorous debate concerning how it might be explained or defined is often lacking Emergence is discussed here under two strict conditions (l) emergents can be predictable from the knowledge about a system's parts, (ll) emergents can be regarded as dependent on, and deternuned by, the system's micro-structure O'Connor's definmon of an emergent property is taken as a starting-point for a new definmon, incorporating Emmeche and colleagues' analysis of dounward (...)
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  24. Nei Freitas Nunes Neto & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2006). Gaia, teleologia E função. Episteme 11 (23):15-48.score: 24.0
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  25. Ana Maria Rocha de Almeida & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2006). Darwinismo neural: Uma extensão metafórica da teoria da seleção natural. Episteme 11 (24):335-356.score: 24.0
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  26. Charbel Niño El-Hani (2008). A Peircean Approach to 'Information' and its Relationship with Bateson's and Jablonka's Ideas. American Journal of Semiotics 24 (1/3):75-94.score: 24.0
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  27. Charbel Nino El-Hani & Antonio Marcos Pereira (2000). Higher-Level Descriptions: Why Should We Preserve Them. In P. B. Andersen, Claus Emmeche, N. O. Finnemann & P. V. Christiansen (eds.), Downward Causation. University of Aarhus Press.score: 24.0
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  28. Charbel Niño El-Hani & Antonio Marcos Pereira (1999). Understanding Biological Causation. In V. Harcastle (ed.), Where Biology Meets Psychology.score: 24.0
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  29. Leyla Mariane Joaquim & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2010). A genética em transformação: crise e revisão do conceito de gene. Scientiae Studia 8 (1):93-128.score: 24.0
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  30. Nei Freitas Nunes Neto & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2006). Gaia, teleologia e função. Episteme 11 (23):15-48.score: 24.0
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  31. Joao Queiroz & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2007). La emergencia de significado en sistemas semióticos. Revista de Filosofia 56 (2):47-65.score: 24.0
    Cualquier descripción de la emergencia de significado en sistemas biológicos y artificiales debe apoyarse en un marco teórico que haga posible entender la naturaleza y la dinámica de tales procesos. En este artículo se toma la filosofía pragmática del signo de Charles S. Peirce, que asociamos aquí con el estructuralismo jerárquico de Stanley Salthe, como la base correcta para desarrollar ese marco conceptual. Se formulan algunas preguntas que consideramos fundamentales para asegurar una aplicación precisa de la noción de emergencia en (...)
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  32. Eugenio Moya (2005). Epigénesisy Validez: EI Papel de la Embriología En El Programa Transcendental de Kant (Epigenesis and Validity: The Role of the Embriology in Kant's Transcendental Program). Theoria 20 (2):143-166.score: 18.0
    Este artículo examina eI significado de los términos biológicos “epigénesis” y “preformación” en eI desarrollo imelectual de Kant, así como sus implicaciones epistemológicas. De hecho, las ideas de espontaneidad y sistema, centrales en la teoría kantiana de la mente, encontraron su analogía empírica en la idea de epigénesis de la naturaleza, una noción que Kant utiliza para dar respuesta a la cuestión de la genesis y validez de las represenraciones puras. Para el autor, la idea de epigénesis compendia la revolución (...)
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  33. Joan Pagès (2001). EI Realismo Nómico de Universales: Algunos Problemas (Nomical Universal Realism: Some Problems). Theoria 16 (3):559-582.score: 18.0
    EI desarrollo de su teoría de las leyes como relaciones entre universales condujo a Armstrong a establecer un marco metafísico general mas complejo que el que sus anteriores trabajos presentaban. En este artículo se exponen los aspectos principales de la metafísica de particulares y universales exigida por la identificación original de Armstrong de las leyes con estados de cosas universales. Además, se presentan diversas dificultades que pueden hallarse en su propuesta, y algunas soluciones para las mismas. Los temas principales que (...)
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  34. Raluca Ciurcanu (2010). Zygmunt Bauman, Globalizarea Si Efectele Ei Sociale. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 2 (6):208-210.score: 18.0
    Zygmunt Bauman, Globalizarea si efectele ei sociale Ed. Antet, Bucuresti, f.a.
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  35. Miguel Angel Durán (1998). EI mercado como orden espontáneo y el principio de ignorancia (Market as a Spontaneous Order and the PrincipIe of Ignorance). Theoria 13 (3):543-570.score: 18.0
    La perspectiva historiográfica ofrecida por la teoría de las consecuencias involuntarias puede ser reconceptualizada en una concepción del mercado que explique su funcionamiento como una continua interrelación entre individuos que desconocen las consecuencias colectivas de los cursos de acción que emprenden.Asimismo, podrían distinguirse dos versiones de dicha teoria; de un lado, Ia versión débil, que se correspondería con el concepto de mercado de Hayek, y, deI otro, Ia versión fuerte. EI objetivo de este artículo es proponer el concepto al que (...)
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  36. Manuel Montalvo & Miguel Angel Durán (1998). EI Mercado Como Orden Espontáneo Y El Principio de Ignorancia (Market as a Spontaneous Order and the Principie of Ignorance). Theoria 13 (3):543-570.score: 18.0
    La perspectiva historiográfica ofrecida por la teoría de las consecuencias involuntarias puede ser reconceptualizada en una concepción del mercado que explique su funcionamiento como una continua interrelación entre individuos que desconocen las consecuencias colectivas de los cursos de acción que emprenden.Asimismo, podrían distinguirse dos versiones de dicha teoria; de un lado, Ia versión débil, que se correspondería con el concepto de mercado de Hayek, y, deI otro, Ia versión fuerte. EI objetivo de este artículo es proponer el concepto al que (...)
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  37. Teresa Garulo Muñoz (2012). Erudición y nostalgia. Al-Hani-n ilà l-awta-n en el editor de al-Faray^ ba, d al- idda de al-Tanu-ji. Al-Qantara: Revista de Estudios Árabes 33 (1):107 - 146.score: 18.0
    Uno de los temas clásicos de la literatura árabe, casi desde sus comienzos, es la nostalgia de la tierra natal (al-hani-n ilà l-awta-n). Experiencia dolorosa de extrañamiento, que se nutre de las crisis políticas, la nostalgia ha dado lugar a obras que buscan recrear un pasado o unos lugares amados, que sólo la memoria es capaz de recuperar. En este artículo trato de mostrar cómo se articula la nostalgia de Iraq, y, más concretamente, de Bagdad, dentro del aparato crítico de (...)
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  38. Marwan Rashed (2004). Priorité de l'Eiδoσ Ou du [Ghe, Cyrillic]Enoσ Entre Andronicos Et Alexandre: Vestiges Arabes Et Grecs Inédits. Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 14 (1):9-63.score: 15.0
  39. Ignacio Mastroleo (2008). EI principio de acceso posinvestigación en la revisión 2008 de la Declaración de Helsinki. Perspectivas Bioéticas 13 (24-25):140-157.score: 15.0
    El objetivo del presente trabajo es analizar la nueva formulación del principio de acceso posinvestigación en la más reciente (2008) revisión de la Declaración de Helsinki. Se identifican los artículos relevantes de la Declaración y se presentan dos interpretaciones posibles del principio de acceso posinvestigación: una interpretación robusta y otra permisiva, inspiradas cada una por modelos de justicia distintos. Luego, se hace una evaluación crítica de dichas interpretaciones y se intenta avanzar argumentos en contra de la interpretación permisiva. [The objective (...)
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  40. Robert K. Meyer & Richard Routley (1974). E is a Conservative Extension of Eī. Philosophia 4 (2-3):223-249.score: 15.0
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  41. Miguel Espinoza (1994). EI Realismo Radical de Xavier Zubiri. Theoria 9 (2):216-218.score: 15.0
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  42. Francis Jeffrey Pelletier (1983). Plato on Not-Being: Some Interpretations of the ΣYMΠΛOKH EIΔΩN (259E) and Their Relation to Parmenides'Problem. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 8 (1):35-66.score: 15.0
  43. Selene Mezzalira (2011). Intenzionalità e azione nel mondo delle emozioni: Damasio ei suoi critici: rilevanza filosofica di un dialogo scientifico. Verifiche: Rivista Trimestrale di Scienze Umane 40 (1):153-199.score: 15.0
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  44. Olimpia Lombardi (1999). EI Fin de la Omnisciencia: La Respuesta de Prigogine Al Problema de la Irreversibilidad (the End of Omniscience: Prigogine's Answer to the Problem of Irreversibility). Theoria 14 (3):489-510.score: 15.0
    Prigogine afirma que, en presencia de alta inestabilidad (caos), los estados puntuales y las trayectorias lineales en el espacio de las fases se convierten en una falsa idealización. En el presente trabajo se sostiene que: (i) los argumentos de Prigogine en favor de tal tesis no son concluyentes, y (ii) hay buenas razones para retener la postulacion de estados puntuales y trayectorias lineales, en tanto conceptos teóricos legítimos en mecánica estadística.Prigogine asserts that the existence of radical instability (chaos) makes the (...)
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  45. Cristina Santinelli (2012). Montano, Aniello:" Spinoza ei filosofi, con una Premessa di Francesco Piro". Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 29 (1):390-393.score: 15.0
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  46. A. Devine (1997). Review. Diodorus Siculus: The Reign of Philip II: The Greek and Macedonian Narrative From Book XVI. A Companion. EI McQueen. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 47 (2):284-285.score: 15.0
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  47. Javier Gomez Ferri (1996). EI estudio social y sociológico de la ciencia, y la convergencia hacia el estudio de la práctica cientifica (The Social and Sociological Study of Science, and the Convergence Towards the Study of Scientific Practice). Theoria 11 (3):205-225.score: 15.0
    Dentro dei ámbito de estudio da la ciancia, recientemente ha surgido con fuerza un nuevo enfoque, la sociología dei conocimiento científico (SSK). Desde su aparición a mediados de la dacada de los setenta, la SSK ha tomado formas diversas. Entre éstas y la filosofía de la ciencia ha existido una continua disputa. Ultimamente, sin embargo, la SSK se ha ido transformando en una “sociologfa de la practica cientrfica”. A partir de este cambio, ambas disciplinas -la filosofía de la ciencia y (...)
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  48. P. Bouchery (1996). The Relationship Between Society and Nature Among the Hani People of China. Diogenes 44 (174):99-116.score: 15.0
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  49. Francisco Rodríguez Consuegra (1992). EI impacto de Wittgenstein sobre Russell. Theoria 7 (1-2):875-911.score: 15.0
    In this article I propose a new explanation of the relationship between Russell and ther first Wittgenstein. There are five main novelties in my interpretation; (i) the use of all relevant unpublished manuscripts of Russell; (ii) the discovery of the first apparition of the “multiple theory of judgment” in a purely logical and unpublished context; (iii) the role of the Bradleian objection against relations in the evolution of the nation of form in both Russell and Wittgenstein; (iv) a general point (...)
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  50. Eduardo Bustos (1985). EI Ámbito de la Pragmática. Theoria 1 (2):461-479.score: 15.0
    Pragmatics is the theory of conversation; more specifically, pragmatics is the discipline that studies linguistic rationality. This concept has to be interpreted as the instrumental coherence betweencommunicative goals and means. Therefore, pragmatics is essentially about the relations of relevance between utterances and contexts, understanding these as sets of beliefs held by the speaker and eventually shared by the hearer, and not as the set of objective features surrounding communicative interaction.
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