Search results for 'Chris Humphrey' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Chris Humphrey (1969). The Testability of Value Claims. Journal of Value Inquiry 3 (3):221-227.score: 240.0
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  2. Diane Humphrey (2007). Chapter Fifteen Pictures in the Mind: Symmetry and Projections in Drawings Diane Humphrey and Dorothy Washburn. In L. I͡A Dorfman, Colin Martindale & Vladimir Petrov (eds.), Aesthetics and Innovation. Cambridge Scholars Pub.. 273.score: 180.0
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  3. N. Humphrey (2000). Discussion of Nicholas Humphrey's Theory-In Reply. Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (4):98-112.score: 180.0
     
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  4. Maura B. Nolan (2003). Chris Humphrey, The Politics of Carnival: Festive Misrule in Medieval England. (Manchester Medieval Studies.) Manchester, Eng., and New York: Manchester University Press, 2001. Pp. Xiii, 113; 1 Table. $59.95 (Cloth); $19.95 (Paper). Distributed in the U.S. By Palgrave, 175 Fifth Ave., New York, NY 10010. [REVIEW] Speculum 78 (4):1320-1321.score: 150.0
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  5. James M. Dean (2003). Chris Humphrey and W. M. Ormrod, Eds., Time in the Medieval World. York: York Medieval Press, in Association with Boydell and Brewer and the Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, 2001. Pp. Viii, 176; 6 Black-and-White Figures and 2 Black-and-White Plates. $75. [REVIEW] Speculum 78 (3):903-905.score: 150.0
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  6. Nicholas Humphrey (2000). In Reply [Reply to Commentaries on "How to Solve the Mind-Body Problem"]. Humphrey, Nicholas (2000) in Reply [Reply to Commentaries on "How to Solve the Mind-Body Problem"]. [Journal (Paginated)] 7 (4):98-112.score: 60.0
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  7. Nicholas Humphrey (2001). Doing It My Way: Sensation, Perception – and Feeling Red. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):987-987.score: 60.0
    The theory presented here is a near neighbour of Humphrey's theory of sensations as actions. O'Regan & Noë have opened up remarkable new possibilities. But they have missed a trick by not making more of the distinction between sensation and perception; and some of their particular proposals for how we use our eyes to represent visual properties are not only implausible but would, if true, isolate vision from other sensory modalities and do little to explain the phenomenology of conscious (...)
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  8. N. Humphrey (1992/1999). A History of the Mind: Evolution and the Birth of Consciousness. Simon and Schuster.score: 60.0
    This book is a tour-de-force on how human consciousness may have evolved. From the "phantom pain" experienced by people who have lost their limbs to the uncanny faculty of "blindsight," Humphrey argues that raw sensations are central to all conscious states and that consciousness must have evolved, just like all other mental faculties, over time from our ancestorsodily responses to pain and pleasure. '.
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  9. Nicholas Humphrey, Seeing Red: A Postscript.score: 60.0
    One day someone will write a book that explains consciousness. The book will put forward a theory that closes the “explanatory gap” between conscious experience and brain activity, by showing how a brain state could in principle amount to a state of consciousness. But it will do more. It will demonstrate just why this particular brain state has to be this particular experience. As Dan Lloyd puts it in his philosophical novel, Radiant Cool: “What we need is a transparent theory. (...)
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  10. N. Humphrey (2003). The Mind Made Flesh: Essays From the Frontiers of Psychology and Evolution. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Nicholas Humphrey's writings about the evolution of the mind have done much to set the agenda for contemporary psychology.
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  11. Steven J. Humphrey (1999). Probability Learning, Event-Splitting Effects and the Economic Theory of Choice. Theory and Decision 46 (1):51-78.score: 60.0
    This paper reports an experiment which investigates a possible cognitive antecedent of event-splitting effects (ESEs) experimentally observed by Starmer and Sugden (1993) and Humphrey (1995) – the learning of absolute frequency of event category impacting on the learning of probability of event category – and reveals some evidence that it is responsible for observed ESEs. It is also suggested and empirically substantiated that stripped-down prospect theory will accurately predict ESEs in some decision making tasks, but will not perform well (...)
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  12. Nicholas Humphrey (2000). How to Solve the Mind-Body Problem. Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (4):5-20.score: 30.0
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  13. Nicholas Humphrey & Daniel C. Dennett (1989). Speaking for Our Selves: An Assessment of Multiple Personality Disorder. Philosophical Explorations.score: 30.0
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  14. Nicholas Humphrey (2006). Consciousness: The Achilles Heel of Darwinism? Thank God, Not Quite. In John Brockman (ed.), Intelligent Thought: Science Versus the Intelligent Design Movement. Vintage.score: 30.0
    William Paley in his famous statement in 1800 of the Argument from Design, imagined that he found a watch lying on a heath and set to wondering how it came to be there. “The inference is inevitable, that the watch must have had a maker: that there must have existed, at some time, and at some place or other, an artificer or artificers who formed it for the purpose which.
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  15. N. Humphrey & Daniel C. Dennett (1989). Speaking for Ourselves. Raritan 9:68-98.score: 30.0
    _Raritan: A Quarterly Review_ , IX, 68-98, Summer 1989. Reprinted (with footnotes), _Occasional Paper #8_ , Center on Violence and Human Survival, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, The City University of New York, 1991; Daniel Kolak and R. Martin, eds., _Self & Identity: Contemporary Philosophical Issues_ , Macmillan, 1991.
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  16. John Humphrey, Some Oddities in Kripke's Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language.score: 30.0
    Oddity One : Kripke claims that Wittgenstein has invented "a new form of scepticism", one which inclines Kripke "to regard it as the most radical and original sceptical problem that philosophy has seen to date, one that only a highly unusual cast of mind could have produced" (K, p. 60). However, Kripke also claims that there are analogies (and sometimes the analogies look very much like identities) between Wittgenstein's sceptical argument and the work of at least three and maybe four (...)
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  17. N. Humphrey (2000). One Self: A Meditation on the Unity of Consciousness. Social Research 67 (4):1059-1066.score: 30.0
    What unites the many selves that constitute the human mind? How is the self-binding problem solved? I argue that separate selves come to belong together as one Self as a result of their dynamic participation in creating a single life, rather as the members of an orchestra come to belong together as a result of their jointly creating a single work of music.
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  18. Nicholas Humphrey, The Uses of Consciousness.score: 30.0
    Reflexive consciousness evolved in the context of early human social life, as a means by which 'natural psychologists' could develop working models of their own and others' minds.
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  19. Nicholas Humphrey (1974). Vision in a Monkey Without Striate Cortex: A Case Study. Perception 3 (3):241-55.score: 30.0
    Abstract. A rhesus monkey, Helen, from whom the striate cortex was almost totally removed, was studied intensively over a period of 8 years. During this time she regained an effective, though limited, degree of visually guided behaviour. The evidence suggests that while Helen suffered a permanent loss of `focal vision she retained (initially unexpressed) the capacity for `ambient vision.
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  20. Nicholas Humphrey (2002). Thinking About Feeling. In G. Richard (ed.), [Book Chapter]. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
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  21. Nicholas Humphrey (2007). The Society of Selves. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 362 (1480):745-754.score: 30.0
    Human beings are not only the most sociable animals on Earth, but also the only animals that have to ponder the separateness that comes with having a conscious self. The philosophical problem of ‘other minds’ nags away at people’s sense of who—and why—they are. But the privacy of consciousness has an evolutionary history—and maybe even an evolutionary function. While recognizing the importance to humans of mind-reading and psychic transparency, we should consider the consequences and possible benefits of being—ultimately—psychically opaque.
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  22. John Humphrey, With Factualist Friends, Kripke's Wittgenstein Needs No Enemies: On Byrne's Case for Kripke's Wittgenstein Being a Factualist About Meaning Attributions.score: 30.0
    _Private Language_ is that it almost universally sees KW as offering, in his sceptical solution, an account of meaning attributions (i.e., statements of the form, "X means such-and-so by 's'"; hereafter, MAs) which takes their legitimate attribution to be a function of something other than facts or truth conditions. KW is almost universally read as having rejected any account of meaning attributions which takes them to be stating facts or corresponding to facts. In a word, KW is understood as offering (...)
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  23. Nicholas Humphrey, Consciousness: A Just-so Story.score: 30.0
  24. John A. Humphrey (1996). Kripke's Wittgenstein and the Impossibility of Private Language: The Same Old Story? Journal of Philosophical Research 21 (January):197-207.score: 30.0
    A common complaint against Kripke’s Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language is that whereas the aim of “the real” Wittgenstein’s private language argument is to establish the impossibility of a necessarily private language, the communitarian account of meaning proposed by Kripke’s Wittgenstein (KW), if successful, would establish the impossibility of a contingently private language. I show that this common complaint is based on a failure of Kripke’s critics (a failure that is justified, in part, by Kripke’s text) to recognize and (...)
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  25. Nicholas Humphrey, One Self: A Meditation on the Unity of Consciousness. Social Research, 67, No. 4, 32-39, 2000.score: 30.0
    I am looking at my baby son, as he thrashes around in his crib, two arms flailing, hands grasping randomly, legs kicking the air, head and eyes turning this way and that, a smile followed by a grimace crossing his face. . . And I’m wondering: what is it like to be him? What is he feeling now? What kind of experience is he having of himself?
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  26. Nicholas Humphrey (2000). The Privatization of Sensation. In Celia Heyes & Ludwig Huber (eds.), The Evolution of Cognition. Mit Press. 241--252.score: 30.0
    It is the ambition of evolutionary psychology to explain how the basic features of human mental life came to be selected because of their contribution to biological survival. Counted among the most basic must be the subjective qualities of conscious sensory experience: the felt redness we experience on looking at a ripe tomato, the felt saltiness on tasting an anchovy, the felt pain on being pricked by a thorn. But, as many theorists acknowledge, with these qualia, the ambition of evolutionary (...)
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  27. Mathew Humphrey (2009). Mapping the Moral Future: Environmental Problems and What We Owe to Future Generations. Res Publica 15 (1):85-95.score: 30.0
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  28. Nicholas Humphrey, Placebo Effect.score: 30.0
    When people are unwell, they will often begin to recover just as soon as they receive medical attention., but before the treatment could have any direct effect and even when the treatment is a sham. Mere belief that recovery is coming can by itself bring the recovery about.
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  29. Ted Humphrey (1981). Schopenhauer and the Cartesian Tradition. Journal of the History of Philosophy 19 (2):191-212.score: 30.0
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  30. Nicholas Humphrey (2000). Dreaming as Play. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):953-953.score: 30.0
    Dreaming can provide a marvelous opportunity for the “playful” exploration of dramatic events. But the chance to learn to deal with danger is only a small part of it. More important is the chance to discover what it is like to be the subject of strange but humanly significant mental states. [Revonsuo].
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  31. Nicholas Humphrey, Great Expectations: The Evolutionary Psychology of Faith- Healing and the Placebo Effect.score: 30.0
    I said that the cure itself is a certain leaf, but in addition to the drug there is a certain charm, which if someone chants when he makes use of it, the medicine altogether restores him to health, but without the charm there is no profit from the leaf.
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  32. Nicholas Humphrey (1999). Cave Art, Autism, and the Evolution of the Human Mind. Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (6-7):6-7.score: 30.0
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  33. Karen L. Benson, Timothy J. Brailsford & Jacquelyn E. Humphrey (2006). Do Socially Responsible Fund Managers Really Invest Differently? Journal of Business Ethics 65 (4):337 - 357.score: 30.0
    To date, research into socially responsible investment (SRI), and in particular the socially responsible investment funds industry, has focused on whether investing in SRI assets has any differential impact on investor returns. Prior findings generally suggest that, on a risk-adjusted basis, there is no difference in performance between SRI and conventional funds. This result has led to questions about whether SRI funds are really any different from conventional funds. This paper examines whether the portfolio allocation across industry sectors and the (...)
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  34. Nicholas Humphrey, Getting the Measure of Consciousness.score: 30.0
    The hard problem of consciousness is to explain the experience of qualia. But everything gets easier once we realise that what has to be explained is not how qualia can exist as objective entities but rather why the conscious subject should believe that they exist. This essay lays out a programme for doing this. It makes radical proposals as to how the “qualia illusion” is created, and why sustaining this illusion is biologically adaptive.
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  35. John A. Humphrey (1999). Quine, Kripke's Wittgenstein, Simplicity and Sceptical Solutions. Southern Journal of Philosophy 37 (1):43-55.score: 30.0
  36. G. K. Humphrey & Melvyn A. Goodale (1998). Probing Unconscious Visual Processing with the Mccollough Effect. Consciousness and Cognition 7 (3):494-519.score: 30.0
    The McCollough effect, an orientation-contingent color aftereffect, has been known for over 30 years and, like other aftereffects, has been taken as a means of probing the brain's operations psychophysically. In this paper, we review psychophysical, neuropsychological, and neuroimaging studies of the McCollough effect. Much of the evidence suggests that the McCollough effect depends on neural mechanisms that are located early in the cortical visual pathways, probably in V1. We also review evidence showing that the aftereffect can be induced without (...)
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  37. Ted Humphrey (1973). The Historical and Conceptual Relations Between Kant's Metaphysics of Space and Philosophy of Geometry. Journal of the History of Philosophy 11 (4):483-512.score: 30.0
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  38. Nicholas Humphrey, Questioning Consciousness.score: 30.0
    No one doubts that our experience of phenomenal consciousness—the felt redness of fire, the felt sweetness of a peach, the felt pain of a bee sting—arises from the activity of our brains. Yet the problem of explaining how this can be so seems to many theorists to be staggeringly hard. How can the wine of consciousness, the weird, ineffable, immaterial qualia that give such richness to subjective experience, conceivably arise from the water of the brain? As the philosopher Colin McGinn (...)
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  39. Nicholas Humphrey, Commentary on Michael Winkelman, 'Shamanism and Cognitive Evolution'.score: 30.0
    ‘The shamanic context of cave art is attested by a number of features’, Michael Winkelman writes (p.6); and, scarcely pausing for breath, he proceeds to reel off as if they were matters of established fact a list of co njectures about the authorship and meaning of ice-age cave paintings. We are t o conclude, without question apparently, that ‘cave art images represent shamanic activities and altered states of consciousness, and the subterranean rock art sites were used for shamanic vision questing’ (...)
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  40. Peter Humphrey (1985). The Ethics of Earthworks. Environmental Ethics 7 (1):5-21.score: 30.0
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  41. Nicholas K. Humphrey (1980). Nature's Psychologists. In Brian Josephson & Vilayanur S. Ramachandran (eds.), [Book Chapter]. Pergamon Press. 57--80.score: 30.0
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  42. John Humphrey, Brief Overview of Key Parts and Key Notions in Kripke's Book.score: 30.0
    The alleged paradox begins with a sceptical inquiry about my right to claim that my past usage of '+' (i.e., my past usage of the plus sign) was used to denote the function plus rather than the function quus. The definition of quus is: x quus y = x + y, if x, y < 57; otherwise, x quus y = 5. (Kripke uses an encircled plus sign to represent the quus sign. I can't reproduce that sign here so I'll (...)
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  43. Nicholas Humphrey (2006). Seeing Red: A Study in Consciousness. Belknap Press.score: 30.0
    The purpose of this book is to build towards an explanation of just what the matter is.
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  44. John Humphrey, The Will to Believe.score: 30.0
    IN the recently published Life by I.eslie Stephen of his brother, Fitz-James, there is an account of a school to which the latter went when he was a boy. The teacher, a certain Mr. Guest, used to converse with his pupils in this wise: "Gurney, what is the difference between justification and sanctification?- Stephen, prove the omnipotence of God " etc. In the midst of our Harvard freethinking and indifference we are prone to imagine that here at your good old (...)
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  45. Nicholas Humphrey (1997). Varieties of Altruism - and the Common Ground Between Them. Social Research.score: 30.0
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  46. Nicholas Humphrey (2002). Shamanism and Cognitive Evolution [Commentary on Michael Winkelman]. Philosophical Explorations.score: 30.0
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  47. Nicholas Humphrey, Human Hand-Walkers: Five Siblings Who Never Stood Up.score: 30.0
    Human beings begin life as quadrupeds, crawling on all fours, but none has ever been known to retain this gait and develop it into a proficient replacement for adult bipedality. We report the case of a family in which five siblings, who suffer from a rare form of cerebellar ataxia, are still quadrupeds as adults - walking and running on their feet and wrists. We describe the remarkable features of this gait, discuss how it has developed in the members of (...)
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  48. Ted Humphrey (1968). Kant Et le Kantisme. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Philosophy 6 (2).score: 30.0
  49. Nicholas Humphrey, The Colour Currency of Nature.score: 30.0
    Mankind as a species has little reason to boast about his sensory capacities. A dog's sense of smell, a bat's hearing, a hawk's visual acuity are all superior to our own. But in one respect we may justifiably be vain: our ability to see colours is a match for any other animal. In this respect we have in fact surprisingly few rivals. Among mammals only our nearest relatives, the monkeys and apes, share our ability – all others are nearly or (...)
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  50. Nicholas Humphrey, 1997, “Varieties of Altruism – and the Common Ground Between Them”, Social Research, 64, 199-209.score: 30.0
    Altruistic behaviour, where it occurs in nature, is commonly assumed to belong to one or other of two generically different types. Either it is an example of "kin selected altruism" such as occurs between blood relatives – a worker bee risking her life to help her sister, for example, or a human father giving protection to his child. Or it is an example of "reciprocal altruism" such as occurs between non-relatives who have entered into a pact to exchange favours – (...)
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