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Christoph Lumer [34]Christopher Lumer [1]
  1. Christoph Lumer (2014). Contentsintroductionmorality in Times of Naturalising the Mind – an Overviewpart I: Free Will, Responsibility and the Naturalised Mind1. Naturalizing Free Will – Empirical and Conceptual Issues2. Libet’s Experiments and the Possibility of Free Conscious Decision3. The Effectiveness of Intentions – a Critique of Wegnerpart II: Naturalising Ethics? – Metaethical Perspectives4. Neuroethics and the Rationalism/Sentimentalism Divide5. Experimental Ethics – a Critical Analysispart III: Naturalised Ethics? Empirical Perspectives6. Moral Soulfulness & Moral Hypocrisy – is Scientific Study of Moral Agency Relevant to Ethical Reflection?Part IV: Neuroethics – Which Values?7. The Rationale Behind Surgery –Truth, Facts, Valuesbiographical Notes on the Authorsname Index. [REVIEW] In Morality in Times of Naturalising the Mind. De Gruyter. 3-42.
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  2. Christoph Lumer (2014). Morality in Times of Naturalising the Mind. De Gruyter.
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  3. Christoph Lumer, Practical Arguments for Prudential Justifications of Actions.
    Practical arguments for actions are arguments which, besides their epistemic function, shall motivate an addressee to execute the justified action. First, a strategy is developed how this motivational and other requirements can be met. Part of this strategy is to identify a thesis for which holds that believing it motivates in the required manner. Second, relying on empirical decision theory, such a thesis is identified. Finally, precise validity criteria for the respective arguments are developed.
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  4. Christoph Lumer (2013). The Volitive and the Executive Function of Intentions. Philosophical Studies 166 (3):511-527.
    Many philosophers of action, including Bratman and Mele, conceive intentions functionally, as executive states: intentions are mental states that represent an action and tend to cause this action. In the philosophical tradition (e.g. for Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas, Leibniz, Kant) another function of intentions, which may be called “volitive”, played a much more prominent role: intentions are mental states that represent what kind of actions we want and prefer to be realised and thus, in a possibly rational way, synthesise our motivational, (...)
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  5. Christoph Lumer (2012). The Epistemic Inferiority of Pragma-Dialectics – Reply to Botting. Informal Logic 32 (1):51-82.
    In a recent paper in this journal, David Botting defended pragma-dialectics against epistemological criticisms by exponents of the epistemological approach to argumentation, i.e. Harvey Siegel, John Biro and me. In particular, Botting tries to justify with new arguments a Functional Claim, that the function of argumentation is to resolve disputes, and a Normative Claim, that standpoints that have the unqualified consensus of all participants in a dispute will generally be epistemically sound. In this reply it is shown that Botting’s arguments (...)
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  6. Colin Anderson, Scott F. Aikin, John Casey & Christoph Lumer, Tu Quoque Arguments, Subjunctive Inconsistency, and Questions of Relevance.
    Tu quoque arguments regard inconsistencies in some speaker‘s performance. Most tu quoque arguments depend on actual inconsistencies. However, there are forms of tu quoque arguments that key, instead, on the conflicts a speaker would have, were some crucial contingent fact different. These, we call subjunctive tu quoque arguments. Finally, there are cases wherein the counterfactual inconsistencies of a speaker are relevant to the issue.
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  7. Christoph Lumer & Ian J. Dove, Argument Schemes—an Epistemological Approach.
    The paper develops a classificatory system of basic argument types on the basis of the epis-temological approach to argumentation. This approach has provided strict rules for several kinds of argu-ments. These kinds may be brought into a system of basic irreducible types, which rely on different parts of epistemology: deductive logic, probability theory, utility theory. The system reduces a huge mass of differ-ent argument schemes to basic types and gives them an epistemological foundation.
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  8. Christoph Lumer (2010). How to Interpret Human Actions (Including Moral Actions). In Peter K. Machamer & Gereon Wolters (eds.), Interpretation: Ways of Thinking About the Sciences and the Arts. University of Pittsburgh Press.
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  9. Christoph Lumer (2010). Introduction: The Relevance of Rational Decision Theory for Ethics. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (5):485-496.
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  10. Christoph Lumer (2010). Moral Desirability and Rational Decision. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (5):561-584.
    Being a formal and general as well as the most widely accepted approach to practical rationality, rational decision theory should be crucial for justifying rational morals. In particular, acting morally should also (nearly always) be rational in decision theoretic terms. After defending this thesis, in the critical part of the paper two strategies to develop morals following this insight are criticized: game theoretical ethics of cooperation and ethical intuitionism. The central structural objections to ethics of cooperation are that they too (...)
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  11. Christoph Lumer (2010). Normativ/deskriptiv/faktisch. In Hans Jörg Sandkühler & Others (eds.), Enzyklopädie Philosophie. Meiner Verlag. 1805--1809.
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  12. Christoph Lumer (2010). Objektivität und der Unterschied zwischen Ethik und Wissenschaft. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 64 (1):91-97.
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  13. Christoph Lumer (2010). Pragma-Dialectics and the Function of Argumentation. Argumentation 24 (1):41-69.
    This contribution discusses some problems of Pragma-Dialectics and explains them by its consensualistic view of the function of argumentation and by its philosophical underpinnings. It is suggested that these problems can be overcome by relying on a better epistemology and on an epistemological theory of argumentation. On the one hand Pragma-Dialectics takes unqualified consensus as the aim of argumentation, which is problematic, (Sect. 2) on the other it includes strong epistemological and rationalistic elements (Sect. 3). The problematic philosophical underpinnings of (...)
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  14. Christoph Lumer (ed.) (2008). Etica Normativa: Principi Dell'agire Morale. Carocci.
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  15. Christoph Lumer (2008). Priorità per chi sta peggio–Valori e norme morali nel prioritarismo etico. In , Etica Normativa: Principi Dell'agire Morale. Carocci. 93--116.
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  16. Christoph Lumer & Sandro Nannini (2007). Intentionality, Deliberation and Autonomy: The Action-Theoretic Basis of Practical Philosophy. Ashgate Publishing.
    Many important thinkers in the philosophical tradition, like Aristotle or Hume, have used an explicit theory of action as the basis of their respective normative theories of practical rationality and morality. The idea behind this architecture of theories is that action theory can inform us about the origin, bonds, reach and limits of practical reason. The aim of this book is to revive this direct connection between action theory and practical philosophy, in particular to provide systematic action-theoretical underpinnings for the (...)
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  17. Christoph Lumer (2006). 2 Principles of Generational Justice. In Tremmel J. (ed.), The Handbook of Intergenerational Justice. Edward Elgar. 39.
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  18. Christoph Lumer (2005). Intentions Are Optimality Beliefs – but Optimizing What? Erkenntnis 62 (2):235 - 262.
    In this paper an empirical theory about the nature of intention is sketched. After stressing the necessity of reckoning with intentions in philosophy of action a strategy for deciding empirically between competing theories of intention is exposed and applied for criticizing various philosophical theories of intention, among others that of Bratman. The hypothesis that intentions are optimality beliefs is defended on the basis of empirical decision theory. Present empirical decision theory however does not provide an empirically satisfying elaboration of the (...)
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  19. Christoph Lumer (2005). Introduction: The Epistemological Approach to Argumentation--A Map. Informal Logic 25 (3):189-212.
    An overview of the epistemological approach to argumentation, explaining what it is, justifying it as better than a rhetorical or a consensual ist approach.systematizing the main directions and theories according to their criteria for good argumentation and presenting their contributions to major topics of argumentation theory. Also. an introduction to the articles of the two special issues of Informal Logic about the epistemological approach to argumentation.
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  20. Christoph Lumer (2005). The Epistemological Approach to Argumentation–A Map. Informal Logic 25:189-212.
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  21. Christoph Lumer (2005). The Epistemological Theory of Argument--How and Why? Informal Logic 25 (3):213-243.
    The article outlines a general epistemological theory of argument: a theory that regards providingjustified belief as the principal aim of argumentation, and defends it instrumentalistically. After introducing some central terms of such a theory (2), answers to its central questions are proposed: the primary object and structure of the theory (3), the function of arguments, which is to lead to justified belief (4), the way such arguments function, which is to guide the addressee's cognizing (5), objective versus subjective aspects of (...)
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  22. Christoph Lumer (2002). Kantischer Externalismus und Motive zu moralischem Handeln. Conceptus 35 (86-88):263-286.
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  23. Christoph Lumer (2002). Motive Zu Moralischem Handeln. Analyse and Kritik 24 (2).
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  24. Christoph Lumer (2000). Reductionism in Fallacy Theory. Argumentation 14 (4):405-423.
    (1) The aim of the paper is to develop a reduction of fallacy theory, i.e. to 'deduce' fallacy theory from a positive theory of argumentation which provides exact criteria for valid and adequate argumentation. Such reductionism has several advantages compared to an unsystematic action, which is quite usual in current fallacy but which at least in part is due to the poor state of positive argumentation theory itself. (2) After defining 'fallacy' (3) some principle ideas and (4) the exact criteria (...)
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  25. Christoph Lumer (1999). Quellen der Moral. Plädoyer für einen prudentiellen Altruismus. Conceptus 32 (81):185-216.
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  26. Christoph Lumer (1998). Which Preferences Shall Be the Basis of Rational Decision. In Christoph Fehige & Ulla Wessels (eds.), Preferences. De Gruyter. 1998--33.
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  27. Christoph Lumer (1997). Habermas' Diskursethik. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 51 (1):42 - 64.
    Zunächst werden die Kernthesen von Habermas' Diskursethik vorgestellt, insbesondere der Universalisierungsgrundsatz U und das diskursethische Prinzip D. Eine ausführliche Analyse zeigt dann, daß Habermas' Argumentationen für diese Prinzipien in mehrfacher Hinsicht ungültig sind. Die Betrachtung früherer Varianten dieser Argumentationen und späterer Kommentare Habermas' macht zudem eine gewisse Wendung Habermas' weg von der Transzendentalpragmatik hin zum Intuitionismus und eine Abschwächung seines Begründungsanspruchs bis hin zu dessen Annullierung deutlich. Eine Kritik an vier Interpretationen von U selbst und an den beiden Hauptinterpretationen von (...)
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  28. Christoph Lumer (1997). Practical Arguments for Theoretical Theses. Argumentation 11 (3):329-340.
    Pascal‘s wager is expounded as a paradigm case of a practical,decision-theoretical argument for acting as if a proposition is true when wehave no theoretical reasons to accept or reject it (1.1.–1.2.). Thoughthe paradigm is fallacious in various respects there are valid and adequatearguments for acting as if certain propositions are true: that theoreticalentities exist, that there are material perceptual objects, that the worldis uniform across time (1.3). After this analysis of examples the author‘sgeneral approach for developing criteria for the validity (...)
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  29. Christoph Lumer (1997). The Content of Originally Intrinsic Desires and of Intrinsic Motivation. Acta Analytica 18 (18):107-121.
  30. Christoph Lumer (1995). Sein-Sollen-Schlüsse und andere Typen der Moralbe gründung. Ethik Und Sozialwissenschaften 6 (2):203.
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  31. Christoph Lumer (1993). Wünschbarkeitsaggregationsethik statt Ethik der abwägenden Vernunft. Ethik Und Sozialwissenschaften 4 (4):618.
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  32. Christoph Lumer (1991). The Relevance of Rational Decision Theory for Ethics. Ethics 48 (83).
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  33. Christoph Lumer (1990). Diskurs- und Argumentationstheorie der Wahrheit und Rationalität? Ethik Und Sozialwissenschaften 1 (3):363.
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  34. Christoph Lumer (1988). The Disputation ? A Special Type of Cooperative Argumentative Dialogue. Argumentation 2 (4):441-464.
    This article consists of three parts, two introductory, in which the limits and the methods of analysis of dialogues are expounded, and the major part, in which the main features of a philosophical theory of disputation are outlined.It was an essential aim of the philosophical analysis of argumentative dialogues to develop tools of substantiation for cases in which logic doesn't help any more. In the first part of this paper I show that such tools can and will be developed only (...)
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