Search results for 'Christopher A. Hoffman' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Christopher A. Hoffman (1993). Desires and the Desirable. Philosophical Forum 25 (1):19-32.score: 290.0
     
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  2. A. Gecow & A. Hoffman (1983). Self-Improvement in a Complex Cybernetic System and its Implications for Biology. Acta Biotheoretica 32 (1).score: 260.0
    It is commonly accepted by those who consider macroevolution as a process decoupled from microevolution that its apparent jerkiness (and, hence, incompatibility with principles of population genetics) results from the structural complexity of epigenetic systems, since all complex cybernetic systems are expected to behave discontinuously. To analyse the validity of this assumption, the process of self-improvement has been analysed in a complex cybernetic system by means of computer simulations. It turns out that the investigated system tends to develop by accumulation (...)
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  3. B. Crandall, G. A. Klein & R. R. Hoffman (forthcoming). Working Minds : A Practitioner's Guide to Cognitive Task Analysis. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine.score: 260.0
    Cognitive Task Analysis (CTA) helps researchers understand how cognitive skills and strategies make it possible for people to act effectively and get things done. CTA can yield information people needemployers faced with personnel issues, market researchers who want to understand the thought processes of consumers, trainers and others who design instructional systems, health care professionals who want to apply lessons learned from errors and accidents, systems analysts developing user specifications, and many other professionals. CTA can show what makes the workplace (...)
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  4. Ginger A. Hoffman & Jennifer L. Hansen (2011). Is Prozac a Feminist Drug? International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 4 (1):89-120.score: 240.0
    There is a sense in which antidepressants are feminist drugs, liberating and empowering …A lot of things have been said about Prozac.1 We have been instructed both to "listen" and to "talk back" to Prozac (Kramer 1993; Breggin 1994), Prozac has been called a wonder drug (Schumer 1989; Cowley 1990), it has been described as capable of dramatically changing selves and dramatically changing our conception of what a self is (Kramer 1993), it has been accused of dulling our artistic drive (...)
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  5. Christopher J. Robertson, William F. Crittenden, Michael K. Brady & James J. Hoffman (2002). Situational Ethics Across Borders: A Multicultural Examination. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 38 (4):327 - 338.score: 240.0
    Managers throughout the world regularly face ethical dilemmas that have important, and perhaps complex, professional and personal implications. Further, societal consequences of decisions made can be far-reaching. In this study, 210 financial services managers from Australia, Chile, Ecuador and the United States were queried about their ethical beliefs when faced with four diverse dilemmas. In addition, the situational context was altered so the respondent viewed each dilemma from a top management position and from a position of economic hardship. Results suggest (...)
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  6. W. M. Hoffman & D. A. Fedo (1994). Liberal Arts and Professional Education: A Response to Clarence C. Walton. In Thomas Donaldson & R. Edward Freeman (eds.), Business as a Humanity. Oxford University Press. 142--151.score: 240.0
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  7. A. C. Hoffman, B. Wellman & L. Carmichael (1939). A Quantitative Comparison of the Electrical and Photographic Techniques of Eye-Movement Recording. Journal of Experimental Psychology 24 (1):40.score: 210.0
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  8. W. Michael Hoffman & Jennifer Mills Moore (1982). What is Business Ethics? A Reply to Peter Drucker. Journal of Business Ethics 1 (4):293 - 300.score: 150.0
    In his What is Business Ethics? Peter Drucker accuses business ethics of singling out business unfairly for special ethical treatment, of subordinating ethical to political concerns, and of being, not ethics at all, but ethical chic. We contend that Drucker's denunciation of business ethics rests upon a fundamental misunderstanding of the field. This article is a response to his charges and an effort to clarify the nature, scope and purpose of business ethics.
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  9. Marcelo Hoffman (2007). Foucault's Politics and Bellicosity as a Matrix for Power Relations. Philosophy and Social Criticism 33 (6):756-778.score: 150.0
    From the early to mid-1970s, Michel Foucault posited that power consists of a relation rather than a substance and that this relation is comprised of unequal forces engaged in a warlike struggle against each other, resulting invariably in the domination of some forces over others. This understanding of power, which he retrospectively dubbed `Nietzsche's hypothesis' and `the model of war', underpinned his well-known analyses of disciplinary power. Yet, Foucault in his Collège de France course from the academic year 1975-6, (...)
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  10. Paul Hoffman (2009). Essays on Descartes. Oxford University Press.score: 150.0
    This is a collection of Paul Hoffman's wide-ranging essays on Descartes composed over the past twenty-five years. The essays in Part I include his celebrated "The Unity of Descartes' Man," in which he argues that Descartes accepts the Aristotelian view that soul and body are related as form to matter and that the human being is a substance; a series of subsequent essays elaborating on this interpretation and defending it against objections; and an essay on Descartes' theory of distinction. (...)
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  11. W. Michael Hoffman (1984). Ethics in Business Education: Working Toward a Meaningful Reciprocity. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 3 (4):259 - 268.score: 150.0
    This paper outlines and argues against some criticisms of business ethics education. It maintains that these criticisms have been put forward due to a misunderstanding of the nature of business and/or ethics. Business ethics seeks a meaningful reciprocity among economic, social and moral concerns. This demands that business organizations autonomously develop ethical goals from within, which in turn demands a reciprocity between ethical theory and practical experience. Working toward such a reciprocity, the ultimate goal of business ethics education is a (...)
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  12. Sharmon Sollitto, Sharona Hoffman, Maxwell J. Mehlman, Robert J. Lederman, Stuart J. Youngner & Michael M. Lederman (2003). Intrinsic Conflicts of Interest in Clinical Research: A Need for Disclosure. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13 (2):83-91.score: 150.0
    : Protection of human subjects from investigators' conflicts of interest is critical to the integrity of clinical investigation. Personal financial conflicts of interest are addressed by university policies, professional society guidelines, publication standards, and government regulation, but "intrinsic conflicts of interest"—conflicts of interest inherent in all clinical research—have received relatively less attention. Such conflicts arise in all clinical research endeavors as a result of the tension among professionals' responsibilities to their research and to their patients and both academic and financial (...)
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  13. Mollie Painter-Morland, Juan Fontrodona, W. Michael Hoffman & Mark Rowe (2003). Conversations Across Continents: Teaching Business Ethics Online. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 48 (1):75-88.score: 150.0
    The paper focuses on an online business ethics course that three professors (Painter-Morland, Fontrodona and Hoffman) taught together, and in which the fourth author (Rowe) participated as a student, from their respective locations on three continents. The course was conducted using Centra software, which allowed for synchronous online interaction. The class included students from Europe, South Africa and the United States. In order to assess the value of synchronous online teaching for ethics training, the paper identifies certain knowledge, skills (...)
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  14. Ginger A. Hoffman (2013). Treating Yourself as an Object: Self-Objectification and the Ethical Dimensions of Antidepressant Use. [REVIEW] Neuroethics 6 (1):165-178.score: 150.0
    In this paper, I offer one moral reason to eschew antidepressant medication in favor of cognitive therapy, all other things being equal: taking antidepressants can be a form of self-objectification. This means that, by taking antidepressants, one treats oneself, in some sense and some cases, like a mere object. I contend that, morally, this amounts to a specific form of devaluing oneself. I argue this as follows. First, I offer a detailed definition of “objectification” and argue for the possibility of (...)
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  15. S. Lee, B. G. Kapogiannis, P. M. Flynn, B. J. Rudy, J. Bethel, S. Ahmad, D. Tucker, S. E. Abdalian, D. Hoffman, C. M. Wilson & C. K. Cunningham (2013). Comprehension of a Simplified Assent Form in a Vaccine Trial for Adolescents. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (6):410-412.score: 150.0
    Introduction Future HIV vaccine efficacy trials with adolescents will need to ensure that participants comprehend study concepts in order to confer true informed assent. A Hepatitis B vaccine trial with adolescents offers valuable opportunity to test youth understanding of vaccine trial requirements in general. Methods Youth reviewed a simplified assent form with study investigators and then completed a comprehension questionnaire. Once enrolled, all youth were tested for HIV and confirmed to be HIV-negative. Results 123 youth completed the questionnaire (mean age=15 (...)
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  16. Tom Hoffman (1999). Humanism and Antihumanism in Lasch and Sandel. Critical Review 13 (1-2):97-114.score: 150.0
    Abstract Christopher Lasch's True and Only Heaven and Michael Sandel's Democracy's Discontent are similarly motivated criticisms of consumer society. However, Lasch identifies the ideals animating American consumer society as stemming from a broader humanist impulse, the roots of which he explores and criticizes. This strategy allows Lasch to place his critique of consumerism alongside criticisms of a full range of humanist ideals. Sandel, who articulates a more narrowly focused criticism of consumer society, never links its underlying imperatives (...)
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  17. Elizabeth A. Hoffman, M. Ida Gobbini & James V. Haxby (2000). The Distributed Human Neural System for Face Perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (6):223-233.score: 150.0
    Face perception, perhaps the most highly developed visual skill in humans, is mediated by a distributed neural system in humans that is comprised of multiple, bilateral regions. We propose a model for the organization of this system that emphasizes a distinction between the representation of invariant and changeable aspects of faces. The representation of invariant aspects of faces underlies the recognition of individuals, whereas the representation of changeable aspects of faces, such as eye gaze, expression, and lip movement, underlies the (...)
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  18. S. A. Hoffman (2012). The Immunologic Self. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 55 (3):350-361.score: 150.0
    The concept of self has proven to be elusive. There are at least three questions that must be addressed when discussing this concept. First, wherein lies the unity in our perceptions, experiences, and memories (i.e., consciousness)? What allows these phenomena to hang together, or be attributed to a single individual? Second, wherein lies the unity, or continuity of self over time? What allows us to identify an individual as the same person over time, from infancy to old age? Finally, what (...)
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  19. Kevin Hoffman (2006). Facing Threats to Earthly Felicity: A Reading of Kierkegaard's "Fear and Trembling". Journal of Religious Ethics 34 (3):439 - 459.score: 150.0
    This essay offers a close reading of "Fear and Trembling" against the backdrop of what the author thinks are weaknesses in how the work has been interpreted by others. Some read the text allegorically, as containing a distinctively Christian message about Pauline soteriology. Others read it anagogically, with an emphasis on the moral psychology of Abraham as a human character. In partial disagreement with each, the present essay assembles and interprets the textual evidence around the threat to human happiness posed (...)
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  20. V. K. Strong & A. N. Hoffman (1990). There is Relevance in the Classroom: Analysis of Present Methods of Teaching Business Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 9 (7):603 - 607.score: 150.0
    In 1988 the Journal of Business Ethics published a paper by David Mathison entitled Business Ethics Cases and Decision Models: A Call for Relevancy in the Classroom. Mathison argued that the present methods of teaching business ethics may be inappropriate for MBA students. He believes that faculty are teaching at one decision-making level and that students are and will be functioning on another (lower) level. The purpose of this paper is to respond to Mathison's arguments and offer support for the (...)
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  21. James J. Hoffman (1998). Evaluating International Ethical Climates: A Goal Programming Model. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 17 (16):1861-1869.score: 150.0
    A critical concern for firms pursuing international expansion strategies involves identifying countries that offer a good fit with the firm's overall ethical orientation. Unfortunately, little has been written to aid firms in identifying countries that offer this type of fit. This paper presents a model that combines the concepts of strategic management, cross-cultural management, business ethics, and the management science technique of goal programming. The purpose of the model is to aid managers in identifying countries for international expansion that offer (...)
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  22. Robert Hoffman (1993). A Portion of Reason. University Press of America.score: 150.0
    This book is a collection of essays that examine various subjects in which unreasonableness or low standards of rationality substitute sentimentality for sober thought and thereby restrict action.
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  23. Joan Hoffman (2005). Economic Stratification and Environmental Management: A Case Study of the New York City Catskill/Delaware Watershed. Environmental Values 14 (4):447 - 470.score: 150.0
    Long run success in watershed management requires understanding of how economic stratification and social values affect water quality protection. Feedback effects on water quality are produced by three aspects of economic well-being: income levels, quality of life and inequality, including the effects of gender based inequality. In the US emphasis on individualistic values leads to reliance on local and private policy solutions to social problems. Analysis of the context of New York City's internationally famous watershed agreement with communities 120 miles (...)
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  24. Lawrence A. Hoffman (2010). Principle, Story, and Myth in the Liturgical Search for Identity. Interpretation 64 (3):231-244.score: 150.0
    As a self-conscious religious collective with minority status, Jews seeking recognition in the modem nation-state have had to fashion not just principles of belief, but also a narrative to articulate the historical essence of their existence. The most common narrative of the twentieth century has been a story, not a myth—a story, moreover, with limited capacity for interfaith dialogue. By the end of the century, that story began to lose its compelling quality. The twenty-first century demands a return to myth, (...)
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  25. Piotr Hoffman (1989). Violence in Modern Philosophy. University of Chicago Press.score: 150.0
    Following on the arguments adumbrated in his previous works, Piotr Hoffman here argues that the notion of and concern with violence are not limited to political philosophy but in fact form the essential component of philosophy in general. The acute awareness of the ever-present possibility of violence, Hoffman claims, filters into and informs ontology and epistemology in ways that require careful analysis. In his previous book, Doubt, Time, Violence , Hoffman explored the theme of violence in relation (...)
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  26. Donald D. Hoffman (2006). The Scrambling Theorem: A Simple Proof of the Logical Possibility of Spectrum Inversion. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):31-45.score: 120.0
  27. Joshua Hoffman & Gary S. Rosenkrantz (2007). How to Analyse Substance: A Reply to Schnieder. Ratio 20 (1):130–141.score: 120.0
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  28. Donald D. Hoffman (2006). The Scrambling Theorem Unscrambled: A Response to Commentaries. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):51-53.score: 120.0
  29. John Martin Fischer & Paul Hoffman (1994). Alternative Possibilities: A Reply to Lamb. Journal of Philosophy 91 (6):321-326.score: 120.0
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  30. Ginger A. Hoffman, Anne Harrington & Howard L. Fields (2005). Pain and the Placebo: What We Have Learned. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 48 (2):248-265.score: 120.0
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  31. W. Michael Hoffman & Jennifer Mills Moore (1982). Results of a Business Ethics Curriculum Survey Conducted by the Center for Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 1 (2):81 - 83.score: 120.0
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  32. John Grimes, Robin Rinehart, Hillary Rodrigues, John M. Koller, Elaine Craddock, Ludo Rocher, Will Sweetman, Boyd H. Wilson, Edward C. Dimock, Thomas Forsthoefel, Hal W. French, Timothy C. Cahill, William J. Jackson, John Powers, Frederick M. Smith, Gavin Flood, Lelah Dushkin, Sheila McDonough, Frank J. Hoffman, Karni Pal Bhati, Anne E. Monius, Fred Dallmayr, Marcia Hermansen, Joseph A. Bracken, Carl Olson, William P. Harman, Donatella Rossi, Anna B. Bigelow & Jeffrey J. Kripal (1998). Book Reviews and Notices. [REVIEW] International Journal of Hindu Studies 2 (2):267-310.score: 120.0
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  33. Joshua Hoffman (1993). A New Theory of Comparative and Noncomparative Justice. Philosophical Studies 70 (2):165 - 183.score: 120.0
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  34. Frank J. Hoffman (1992). Contemporary Buddhist Philosophy: A Bibliographical Essay. Asian Philosophy 2 (1):79 – 100.score: 120.0
  35. Richard J. Hoffman (1998). Sallust and Catiline A. T. Wilkins: Villain or Hero: Sallust's Portrayal of Catiline. (American University Studies, Series XVII, Classical Languages and Literature, 15.) Pp. X + 171. New York, Etc.: Peter Lang, 1996. Paper, £30. ISBN: 0-8204-2034-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 48 (01):50-52.score: 120.0
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  36. Frank J. Hoffman (1991). Towards a Philosophy of Buddhist Religion. Asian Philosophy 1 (1):21 – 28.score: 120.0
  37. Edward Schiappa & Stacey Hoffman (1994). Intertextual Argument in Gorgias's "On What Is Not": A Formalization of Sextus, "Adv Math" 7.77-80. Philosophy and Rhetoric 27 (2):156 - 161.score: 120.0
  38. R. J. Senter & Robert R. Hoffman (1976). Bizarreness as a Nonessential Variable in Mnemonic Imagery: A Confirmation. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 7 (2):163-164.score: 120.0
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  39. Robert Hoffman (1962). A Note on Mill's Method of Residues. Journal of Philosophy 59 (18):495-497.score: 120.0
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  40. R. Hoffman (1998). Controlling Laughter. Political Humor in the Late Roman Republic. A Corbeill. The Classical Review 48 (1):110-113.score: 120.0
  41. Robert Hoffman (1959). Do We Ever Validate Moral Statements? A Rejoinder. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 37 (3):238 – 240.score: 120.0
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  42. Sarah Hoffman, Mathematics as Make-Believe: A Constructive Empiricist Account.score: 120.0
    Submitted to the Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, Department of Philosophy.
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  43. Richard J. Hoffman (1998). Make 'Em Laugh A. Corbeill: Controlling Laughter Political Humor in the Late Roman Republic. Pp. Xi + 251. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1996. $35/£27.95. ISBN: 0-691-02739-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 48 (01):110-113.score: 120.0
  44. J. G. Beebe-Center, L. C. Mead, K. S. Wagoner & A. C. Hoffman (1945). Visual Acuity and Distance of Observation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 35 (6):473.score: 120.0
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  45. Charles W. Eriksen & Melvin Hoffman (1963). Form Recognition at Brief Durations as a Function of Adapting Field and Interval Between Stimulations. Journal of Experimental Psychology 66 (5):485-499.score: 120.0
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  46. Robert E. Frederick & W. Michael Hoffman (1989). Business Ethics in the Curriculum: A Stranger in a Strange Land. International Journal of Value-Based Management 2 (1):19-29.score: 120.0
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  47. John Harte, Erika Hoffman, Frank A. Vertucci & Stephen Corn (1994). Acidification and Salamander Recruitment. Bioscience 44 (3):125-126.score: 120.0
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  48. Howard S. Hoffman & Christopher L. Stitt (1980). Augmentation of the Air Puff-Elicited Eye Blink by Concurrent Visual and Acoustic Input. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 15 (2):115-117.score: 120.0
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  49. Frank J. Hoffman (1993). David J. Kalupahana. A History of Buddhist Philosophy. Pp. 304. (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1992.). Religious Studies 29 (3):408.score: 120.0
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  50. Frank J. Hoffman (1980). Edward Conze. A Short History of Buddhism. Pp. 135. (London: Allen & Unwin, 1980.) £3.95. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 16 (4):506.score: 120.0
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