Search results for 'Cindy Ott' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Jon Anderson, Ulrich Mühe, Dylan Trigg, Nathan Andersen & Cindy Ott (2007). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Ethics, Place and Environment 10 (2):245 – 255.score: 120.0
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  2. Walter R. Ott (2003). Locke's Philosophy of Language. Cambridge University Press.score: 60.0
    This book examines John Locke's claims about the nature and workings of language. Walter Ott proposes a new interpretation of Locke's thesis that words signify ideas in the mind of the speaker, and argues that rather than employing such notions as sense or reference, Locke relies on an ancient tradition that understands signification as reliable indication. He then uses this interpretation to explain crucial areas of Locke's metaphysics and epistemology, including essence, abstraction, knowledge, and mental representation. His discussion, which is (...)
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  3. Walter Ott (2009). Teaching & Learning Guide For: Locke on Language. Philosophy Compass 4 (5):877-879.score: 60.0
    Although a fascination with language is a familiar feature of 20th-century empiricism, its origins reach back at least to the early modern period empiricists. John Locke offers a detailed (if sometimes puzzling) treatment of language and uses it to illuminate key regions of the philosophical topography, particularly natural kinds and essences. Locke's main conceptual tool for dealing with language is 'signification'. Locke's central linguistic thesis is this: words signify nothing but ideas. This on its face seems absurd. Don't we need (...)
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  4. Greg Dickinson, Carole Blair & Brian L. Ott (eds.) (2010). Places of Public Memory: The Rhetoric of Museums and Memorials. University of Alabama Press.score: 60.0
    introduction Rhetoric/Memory/Place Carole Blair, Greg Dickinson, and Brian L. Ott The story is told of the poet Simonides of Ceos who, after chanting a poem ...
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  5. Walter Ott (2014). Malebranche and the Riddle of Sensation. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 88 (3):689-712.score: 30.0
  6. Walter Ott (2012). What is Locke's Theory of Representation? British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (6):1077-1095.score: 30.0
    On a currently popular reading of Locke, an idea represents its cause, or what God intended to be its cause. Against Martha Bolton and my former self (among others), I argue that Locke cannot hold such a view, since it sins against his epistemology and theory of abstraction. I argue that Locke is committed to a resemblance theory of representation, with the result that ideas of secondary qualities are not representations.
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  7. Dieter Vaitl, Niels Birbaumer, John Gruzelier, Graham A. Jamieson, Boris Kotchoubey, Andrea Kübler, Dietrich Lehmann, Wolfgang H. R. Miltner, Ulrich Ott, Peter Pütz, Gebhard Sammer, Inge Strauch, Ute Strehl, Jiri Wackermann & Thomas Weiss (2005). Psychobiology of Altered States of Consciousness. Psychological Bulletin 131 (1):98-127.score: 30.0
  8. Walter Ott (2010). Locke's Exclusion Argument. History of Philosophy Quarterly 27 (2):181-196.score: 30.0
    In this paper, I argue that Locke is not in fact agnostic about the ultimate nature of the mind. In particular, he produces an argument, much like Jaegwon Kim's exclusion argument, to show that any materialist view that takes mental states to supervene on physical states is committed to epiphenomenalism. This result helps illuminate Locke's otherwise puzzling notion of 'superaddition.'.
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  9. Walter Ott (2006). Descartes and Berkeley on Mind: The Fourth Distinction. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 14 (3):437 – 450.score: 30.0
    The popular Cartesian reading of George Berkeley's philosophy of mind mischaracterizes his views on the relations between substance and essence and between an idea and the act of thought in which it figures. I argue that Berkeley rejects Descartes's tripartite taxonomy of distinctions and makes use of a fourth kind of distinction. In addition to illuminating Berkeley's ontology of mind, this fourth distinction allows us to dissolve an important dilemma raised by Kenneth Winkler.
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  10. Walter Ott (2008). Causation, Intentionality, and the Case for Occasionalism. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 90 (2):165-187.score: 30.0
    Despite their influence on later philosophers such as Hume, Malebranche's central arguments for occasionalism remain deeply puzzling. Both the famous ‘no necessary connection’ argument and what I call the epistemic argument include assumptions – e.g., that a true cause is logically necessarily connected to its effect – that seem unmotivated, even in their context. I argue that a proper understanding of late scholastic views lets us see why Malebranche would make this assumption. Both arguments turn on the claim that a (...)
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  11. Dieter Vaitl & Ulrich Ott (2005). Altered States of Consciousness Induced by Psychophysiological Techniques. Mind and Matter 3 (1):9-30.score: 30.0
  12. Ralf Dohrenbusch, O. Berndt Scholz & Ralf Ott (2006). Conscious and Preconscious Uses of Memory in Patients with Depressive and Somatoform Disorders. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 28 (2):69-77.score: 30.0
  13. Walter R. Ott (2009). Causation and Laws of Nature in Early Modern Philosophy. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
    Arguing for controversial readings of many of the canonical figures, the book also focuses on lesser-known writers such as Pierre-Sylvain Regis, Nicolas ...
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  14. Walter Ott (2002). Propositional Attitudes in Modern Philosophy. Dialogue 41 (03):551-.score: 30.0
    Philosophers of the modern period are often presented as having made an elementary error: that of confounding the atttitude one adopts toward a proposition with its content. By examining the works of Locke and the Port-Royalians, I show that this accusation is ill-founded and that Locke, in particular, has the resources to construct a theory of propositional attitudes.
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  15. Walter Ott (2008). Régis's Scholastic Mechanism. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (1):2-14.score: 30.0
    Unlike many of Descartes’s other followers, Pierre-Sylvain Re´gis resists the temptations of occasionalism. By marrying the ontology of mechanism with the causal structure of concurrentism, Re´gis arrives at a novel view that both acknowledges God’s role in natural events and preserves the causal powers of bodies. I set out Re´gis’s position, focusing on his arguments against occasionalism and his responses to Malebranche’s ‘no necessary connection’ and divine concursus arguments.
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  16. Daniel J. Ott (2012). The God Debates: A 21st Century Guide for Atheists and Believers (and Everyone in Between). American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 33 (1).score: 30.0
    The first thing that the reader notices when taking up John Shook's The God Debates is his refreshingly conciliatory tone. In a time when the "New Atheists" crowd the best-sellers lists with mud-slinging tomes and Evangelical Christians and others seem all too ready to return fire, Shook offers his work as a contribution to "ecumenical conversation" (p. 2), extending intrafaith and interfaith dialogue to include the nonreligious. In this book, Shook focuses his attention on the question of God's existence. This (...)
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  17. Walter Ott (2008). Locke on Language. Philosophy Compass 3 (2):291–300.score: 30.0
  18. Walter Ott (2009). What Can Causal Claims Mean? Philosophia 37 (3):459-470.score: 30.0
    How can Hume account for the meaning of causal claims? The causal realist, I argue, is, on Hume's view, saying something nonsensical. I argue that both realist and agnostic interpretations of Hume are inconsistent with his view of language and intentionality. But what then accounts for this illusion of meaning? And even when we use causal terms in accordance with Hume’s definitions, we seem merely to be making disguised self-reports. I argue that Hume’s view is not as implausible as it (...)
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  19. Paul Ott (2009). World and Earth: Hannah Arendt and the Human Relationship to Nature. Ethics, Place and Environment 12 (1):1-16.score: 30.0
    In place of traditional approaches in environmental ethics, I suggest an improved approach, with respect to the goal of improving the condition of the natural environment, called 'world mediation' through the use of Hannah Arendt's theory of the vita activa . This approach focuses on the relationship between human made worlds and nature, from which a theory of value is suggested. Intrinsic value theory and nature-culture monism are both criticized for an insufficient attention paid toward the human-nature relationship.
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  20. Walter R. Ott (2004). The Cartesian Context of Berkeley's Attack on Abstraction. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 85 (4):407–424.score: 30.0
    I claim that Berkeley's main argument against abstraction comes into focus only when we see Descartes as one of its targets. Berkeley does not deploy Winkler's impossibility argument but instead argues that what is impossible is inconceivable. Since Descartes conceives of extension as a determinable, and since determinables cannot exist as such, he falls within the scope of Berkeley's argument.
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  21. Walter Ott (2006). Hume on Meaning. Hume Studies 32 (2):233-252.score: 30.0
    Hume’s views on language have been widely misunderstood. Typical discussions cast Hume as either a linguistic idealist who holds that words refer to ideas or a proto-verificationist. I argue that both readings are wide of the mark and develop my own positive account. Humean signification emerges as a relation whereby a word can both indicate ideas in the mind of the speaker and cause us to have those ideas. If I am right, Hume offers a consistent view on meaning that (...)
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  22. Walter Ott (1997). Locke and the Scholastics on Theological Discourse. Locke Studies 28 (1):51-66.score: 30.0
    On the face of it, Locke rejects the scholastics' main tool for making sense of talk of God, namely, analogy. Instead, Locke claims that we generate an idea of God by 'enlarging' our ideas of some attributes (such as knowledge) with the idea of infinity. Through an analysis of Locke's idea of infinity, I argue that he is in fact not so distant from the scholastics and in particular must rely on analogy of inequality.
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  23. Walter Ott (2009). Remarks on McCormick's Comments. Philosophia 37 (3):475-476.score: 30.0
    This is my reply to Miriam McCormick’s comments on my paper, ‘What Can Causal Claims Mean?’, delivered at the Meaning and Modern Empiricism conference.
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  24. Walter Ott (2007). Review of Hannah Dawson, Locke, Language and Early-Modern Philosophy. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (11).score: 30.0
  25. Barbara Ott & Robert Olson (2011). Ethical Issues of Medical Missions: The Clinicians' View. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 23 (2):105-113.score: 30.0
    Surgery is an important part of health care worldwide. Without access to surgical treatments, morbidity and mortality increase. Access to surgical treatment is a significant problem in global public health because surgical services are not equally distributed in the world. There is a disproportionate scarcity of surgical access in low-income countries. There are many charitable organizations around the world that sponsor surgical missions to under served nations. One such organization is Operation Smile International, a group with which both authors have (...)
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  26. Walter R. Ott (2002). Locke and Signification. Journal of Philosophical Research 27:449-473.score: 30.0
    This paper addresses the following questions: (a) what did Locke mean when he said that ‘words signify ideas’? and (b) what is Locke’s argument for this thesis, and how successful is it? The paper argues that the two most prominent interpretations, those of Norman Kretzmann and E. J. Ashworth, attribute to Locke an argument for his semantic thesis that is fallacious, and that neither can make good sense of two key passages in book 3 of the Essay concerning Human Understanding. (...)
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  27. Paul Ott (2010). Value as Practice and the Practice of Value. Environmental Ethics 32 (3):285-304.score: 30.0
    John Dewey’s theory of value provides a strong alternative to traditional intrinsic value theory that can better address the need for a wide distribution of environmental values. Grounded in his theories of experience and inquiry, Dewey understands values as concrete practices acquired through the interaction of the human organism with its surroundings. Dividing value into acts of immediate valuation and acts of evaluation, Dewey shows that all values start out as desires and through reflective criticism eventuate in value practices. Value (...)
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  28. Walter R. Ott (2001). The Reasonableness of Christianity (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 39 (2):296-297.score: 30.0
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  29. Barbara Skorupinski & Konrad Ott (2002). Technology Assessment and Ethics. Poiesis and Praxis 1 (2):95-122.score: 30.0
    Technology assessment (TA) is – for several reasons – not detachable from ethical questions. The development of institutions and concepts for TA, especially in the USA and Western Europe, has been marked by an increasing tendency to focus evaluative and normative questions. In the following paper, we point out, in as far as the common notions of TA are implicitly normative, why reflection upon conceptual options of TA inevitably leads to ethical questions, and that the key question of participation necessarily (...)
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  30. Michael Decker, Rüdiger Dillmann, Thomas Dreier, Martin Fischer, Mathias Gutmann, Ingrid Ott & Indra Spiecker Genannt Döhmann (2011). Service Robotics: Do You Know Your New Companion? Framing an Interdisciplinary Technology Assessment. Poiesis and Praxis 8 (1):25-44.score: 30.0
    Service-Robotic—mainly defined as “non-industrial robotics”—is identified as the next economical success story to be expected after robots have been ubiquitously implemented into industrial production lines. Under the heading of service-robotic, we found a widespread area of applications reaching from robotics in agriculture and in the public transportation system to service robots applied in private homes. We propose for our interdisciplinary perspective of technology assessment to take the human user/worker as common focus. In some cases, the user/worker is the effective subject (...)
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  31. Walter Ott (2006). Aristotle and Plato on Character. Ancient Philosophy 26 (1):65-79.score: 30.0
  32. Walter R. Ott (2000). A Troublesome Passage in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics Iii 5. Ancient Philosophy 20 (1):99-107.score: 30.0
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  33. Marc Hight & Walter Ott (2004). The New Berkeley. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 34 (1):1 - 24.score: 30.0
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  34. Konrad Ott (2012). Domains of Climate Ethics. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 16 (1).score: 30.0
    Name der Zeitschrift: Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft und Ethik Jahrgang: 16 Heft: 1 Seiten: 95-114.
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  35. Hugo Ott (1995). Martin Heidegger's Catholic Origins. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 69 (2):137-156.score: 30.0
  36. Daniel J. Ott (2012). Toward a Realistic, Public, Christian Pacifism. American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 33 (3):245-257.score: 30.0
    In a 2007 interview, then senator and presidential candidate, Barack Obama, called Reinhold Niebuhr, “one of my favorite philosophers.” When his interviewer, David Brooks, followed by asking, “What do you take away from him?” Obama answered, “I take away the compelling idea that there’s serious evil in the world, and hardship and pain. And we should be humble and modest in our belief we can eliminate those things. But we shouldn’t use that as an excuse for cynicism and inaction. I (...)
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  37. Konrad Ott (1998). Über den Theoriekern und einige intendierte Anwendungen der Diskursethik. Eine strukturalistische Perspektive. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 52 (2):268 - 291.score: 30.0
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  38. Walter Ott (2005). Consciousness and its Objects. Review of Metaphysics 59 (1):186-188.score: 30.0
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  39. Daniel J. Ott (2014). Nonviolence and Moral Equivalency. American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 35 (2):172-183.score: 30.0
    In 1910, William James made his contribution to the “war against war” in his essay “The Moral Equivalent of War.”1 “Militarism is the great preserver of our ideals of hardihood,” he argued. “It is a sort of sacrament.”2 The warrior is truly a hero because he exemplifies hardiness, loyalty, and self-sacrifice. Some other cause and project will need to be found that can inspire these same qualities, if militarism is to be countered effectively. A “moral equivalent to war” is required.3 (...)
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  40. Cyrill Guy Martin Ott, Nicolas Langer, Mathias S. Oechslin, Martin Meyer & Lutz Jäncke (2011). Processing of Voiced and Unvoiced Acoustic Stimuli in Musicians. Frontiers in Psychology 2:195-195.score: 30.0
    Past research has shown that musical training induces changes in the processing of supra-segmental aspects of speech, such as pitch and prosody. The aim of the present study was to determine whether musical expertise also leads to an altered neurophysiological processing of sub-segmental information available in the speech signal, in particular the voice onset time (VOT). Using high-density EEG recordings we analysed the neurophysiological responses to voiced and unvoiced CV syllables and noise analogues in 26 German speaking adult musicians and (...)
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  41. Carole Blair, Greg Dickinson & Brian L. Ott (2010). Introduction : Rhetoric/Memory/Place. In Greg Dickinson, Carole Blair & Brian L. Ott (eds.), Places of Public Memory: The Rhetoric of Museums and Memorials. University of Alabama Press.score: 30.0
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  42. Paul Ott (2006). Cultural Revolutions. Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 34 (105):37-39.score: 30.0
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  43. Konrad Ott (2012). , Man musharp sich einschalten Wie Plessner Heidegger aufforderte, politisch aktiv zu werden. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 66 (3):448-459.score: 30.0
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  44. Christine Ott (2012). Narziss Bei Petrarca und Bei Marino
    Von der Verführung durch Bilder zur Ästhetik des Simulakrums.
    Philosophia Naturalis 49 (2):32-53.
    score: 30.0
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  45. Waltraud Stadler, Derek V. M. Ott, Anne Springer, Ricarda I. Schubotz, Simone Schütz-Bosbach & Wolfgang Prinz (2012). Repetitive TMS Suggests a Role of the Human Dorsal Premotor Cortex in Action Prediction. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 30.0
    Predicting the actions of other individuals is crucial for our daily interactions. Recent evidence suggests that the prediction of object-directed arm and full-body actions employs the PMd. Thus, the neural substrate involved in action control may also be essential for action prediction. Here, we aimed to address this issue and hypothesised that disrupting the PMd impairs action prediction. Using fMRI-guided coil navigation, rTMS (5 pulses, 10 Hz) was applied over the left PMd and over the vertex (control region) while participants (...)
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  46. Greg Dickinson EricAoki & Brian L. Ott (2010). Directed Movement and Simulations at the Draper Museum of Natural History. In Greg Dickinson, Carole Blair & Brian L. Ott (eds.), Places of Public Memory: The Rhetoric of Museums and Memorials. University of Alabama Press. 238.score: 30.0
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  47. John S. Ott (2006). Heather J. Tanner, Families, Friends and Allies: Boulogne and Politics in Northern France and England, C. 879–1160. (The Northern World. North Europe and the Baltic C. 400–1700 AD: Peoples, Economies and Cultures, 6.) Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2004. Pp. Xxiv, 399; Black-and-White Figures, Maps, and Tables. $124. [REVIEW] Speculum 81 (2):613-615.score: 30.0
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  48. Michael R. Ott (2001). Max Horkheimer's Critical Theory of Religion: The Meaning of Religion in the Struggle for Human Emancipation. University Press of America.score: 30.0
  49. M. A. Ott, A. B. Alexander, M. Lally, J. B. Steever & G. D. Zimet (2013). Preventive Misconception and Adolescents' Knowledge About HIV Vaccine Trials. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (12):765-771.score: 30.0
    Objective Adolescents have had very limited access to research on biomedical prevention interventions despite high rates of HIV acquisition. One concern is that adolescents are a vulnerable population, and trials carry a possibility of harm, requiring investigators to take additional precautions. Of particular concern is preventive misconception, or the overestimation of personal protection that is afforded by enrolment in a prevention intervention trial. Methods As part of a larger study of preventive misconception in adolescent HIV vaccine trials, we interviewed 33 (...)
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  50. Hugo Ott (1991). Preface (Translated by Marcus Brainard and Friederike-Andrea Dorner). Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 14 (2/1):481-485.score: 30.0
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