Search results for 'Claudia Carrara Augustenborg' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Claudia Carrara Augustenborg (2010). The Endogenous Feedback Network: A New Approach to the Comprehensive Study of Consciousness. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):547-579.score: 290.0
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  2. Massimiliano Carrara, Alessandra Arapinis & Friederike Moltmann (eds.) (forthcoming). Unity and Plurality. Philosophy, Logic, and Semantics. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    This volume brings together new work on the logic and ontology of plurality and a range of recent articles exploring novel applications to natural language semantics. The contributions in this volume in particular investigate and extend new perspectives presented by plural logic and non-standard mereology and explore their applications to a range of natural language phenomena. Contributions by P. Aquaviva, A. Arapinis, M. Carrara, P. McKay, F. Moltmann, O. Linnebo, A. Oliver and T. Smiley, T. Scaltsas, P. Simons, and (...)
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  3. Massimiliano Carrara & Enrico Martino (2009). On the Ontological Commitment of Mereology. Review of Symbolic Logic 2 (1):164-174.score: 30.0
    In Parts of Classes (1991) and Mathematics Is Megethology (1993) David Lewis defends both the innocence of plural quantification and of mereology. However, he himself claims that the innocence of mereology is different from that of plural reference, where reference to some objects does not require the existence of a single entity picking them out as a whole. In the case of plural quantification . Instead, in the mereological case: (Lewis, 1991, p. 87). The aim of the paper is to (...)
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  4. Francesco Berto & Massimiliano Carrara (2009). To Exist and to Count: A Note on the Minimalist View. Dialectica 63 (3):343-356.score: 30.0
    Sometimes mereologists have problems with counting. We often don't want to count the parts of maximally connected objects as full-fledged objects themselves, and we don't want to count discontinuous objects as parts of further, full-fledged objects. But whatever one takes "full-fledged object" to mean, the axioms and theorems of classical, extensional mereology commit us to the existence both of parts and of wholes – all on a par, included in the domain of quantification – and this makes mereology look counterintuitive (...)
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  5. Massimiliano Carrara & Achille C. Varzi (2001). Ontological Commitment and Reconstructivism. Erkenntnis 55 (1):33-50.score: 30.0
    Some forms of analytic reconstructivism take natural language (and common sense at large) to be ontologically opaque: ordinary sentences must be suitably rewritten or paraphrased before questions of ontological commitment may be raised. Other forms of reconstructivism take the commitment of ordinary language at face value, but regard it as metaphysically misleading: common-sense objects exist, but they are not what we normally think they are. This paper is an attempt to clarify and critically assess some common limits of these two (...)
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  6. Massimiliano Carrara & Davide Fassio (2011). Why Knowledge Should Not Be Typed: An Argument Against the Type Solution to the Knowability Paradox. Theoria 77 (2):180-193.score: 30.0
    The Knowability Paradox is a logical argument to the effect that, if there are truths not actually known, then there are unknowable truths. Recently, Alexander Paseau and Bernard Linsky have independently suggested a possible way to counter this argument by typing knowledge. In this article, we argue against their proposal that if one abstracts from other possible independent considerations supporting reasons for typing knowledge and considers the motivation for a type-theoretic approach with respect to the Knowability Paradox alone, there is (...)
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  7. Massimiliano Carrara & Elisabetta Sacchi (2007). Cardinality and Identity. Journal of Philosophical Logic 36 (5):539 - 556.score: 30.0
    P.T. Geach has maintained (see, e.g., Geach (1967/1968)) that identity (as well as dissimilarity) is always relative to a general term. According to him, the notion of absolute identity has to be abandoned and replaced by a multiplicity of relative identity relations for which Leibniz's Law - which says that if two objects are identical they have the same properties - does not hold. For Geach relative identity is at least as good as Frege's cardinality thesis which he takes to (...)
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  8. Massimiliano Carrara & Enrico Martino (2011). On the Infinite in Mereology with Plural Quantification. Review of Symbolic Logic 4 (1):54-62.score: 30.0
    In Lewis reconstructs set theory using mereology and plural quantification (MPQ). In his recontruction he assumes from the beginning that there is an infinite plurality of atoms, whose size is equivalent to that of the set theoretical universe. Since this assumption is far beyond the basic axioms of mereology, it might seem that MPQ do not play any role in order to guarantee the existence of a large infinity of objects. However, we intend to demonstrate that mereology and plural quantification (...)
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  9. Enrico Martino & Massimiliano Carrara (2010). To Be is to Be the Object of a Possible Act of Choice. Studia Logica 96 (2):289-313.score: 30.0
    Aim of the paper is to revise Boolos’ reinterpretation of second-order monadic logic in terms of plural quantification ([4], [5]) and expand it to full second order logic. Introducing the idealization of plural acts of choice, performed by a suitable team of agents, we will develop a notion of plural reference . Plural quantification will be then explained in terms of plural reference. As an application, we will sketch a structuralist reconstruction of second-order arithmetic based on the axiom of infinite (...)
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  10. Massimiliano Carrara & Daria Mingardo (2013). Artifact Categorization. Trends and Problems. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 4 (3):351-373.score: 30.0
    The general question (G) How do we categorize artifacts? can be subject to three different readings: an ontological, an epistemic and a semantic one. According to the ontological reading, asking (G) is equivalent to asking in virtue of what properties, if any, a certain artifact is an instance of some artifact kind: (O) What is it for an artifact a to belong to kind K? According to the epistemic reading, when we ask (G) we are investigating what properties of the (...)
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  11. Massimiliano Carrara & Pieter E. Vermaas (2009). The Fine-Grained Metaphysics of Artifactual and Biological Functional Kinds. Synthese 169 (1):125 - 143.score: 30.0
    In this paper we consider the emerging position in metaphysics that artifact functions characterize real kinds of artifacts. We analyze how it can circumvent an objection by David Wiggins (Sameness and substance renewed, 2001, 87) and then argue that this position, in comparison to expert judgments, amounts to an interesting fine-grained metaphysics: taking artifact functions as (part of the) essences of artifacts leads to distinctions between principles of activity of artifacts that experts in technology have not yet made. We show, (...)
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  12. Massimiliano Carrara & Davide Fassio, Reductionism and Perfectibility of Science.score: 30.0
    Nicholas Rescher, in The Limits of Science (1984), argued that: «perfected science is a mirage; complete knowledge a chimera» . He reached the above conclusion from a logical argument known as Fitch’s Paradox of Knowability. The argument, starting from the assumption that every truth is knowable, proves that every truth is also actually known and, given that some true propositions are not actually known, it concludes, by modus tollens, that there are unknowable truths. Prima facie, this argument seems to seriously (...)
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  13. Massimiliano Carrara & Marzia Soavi (2008). Ontology for Information Systems: Artefacts as a Case Study. [REVIEW] Mind and Society 7 (2):143-156.score: 30.0
    The goal of the paper is to analyse some specific features of a very central concept for top-level ontologies for information systems: i.e. the concept of artefact. Specifically, we analyse the relation to be a copy of that is strongly linked to the notion of artefact and—as we will demonstrate—could be useful to distinguish artefacts from objects of other kinds. Firstly, we outline some intuitive and commonsensical reasons for the need of a clarification of the notion of artefact in ontologies (...)
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  14. Giovanni Boniolo & Massimiliano Carrara (2004). On Biological Identity. Biology and Philosophy 19 (3):443-457.score: 30.0
    In our paper, we propose a relativisticand metaphysically neutral identity criterionfor biological entities. We start from thecriterion of genidentity proposed by K. Lewinand H. Reichenbach. Then we enrich it to renderit more philosophical powerful and so capableof dealing with the real transformations thatoccur in the extremely variegated biologicalworld.
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  15. Massimiliano Carrara & Pierdaniele Giaretta (2004). The Many Facets of Identity Criteria. Dialectica 58 (2):221–232.score: 30.0
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  16. Bjørn Jespersen & Massimiliano Carrara (2011). Two Conceptions of Technical Malfunction. Theoria 77 (2):117-138.score: 30.0
    The topic of this paper is the notion of technical (as opposed to biological) malfunction. It is shown how to form the property being a malfunctioning F from the property F and the property modifier malfunctioning (a mapping taking a property to a property). We present two interpretations of malfunctioning. Both interpretations agree that a malfunctioning F lacks the dispositional property of functioning as an F. However, its subsective interpretation entails that malfunctioning Fs are Fs, whereas its privative interpretation entails (...)
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  17. Massimiliano Carrara (2009). Relative Identity and the Number of Artifacts. Techné 13 (2):108-122.score: 30.0
    Relativists maintain that identity is always relative to a general term (RI). According to them, the notion of absolute identity has to be abandoned and replaced by a multiplicity of relative identity relations for which Leibniz’s Law does not hold. For relativists RI is at least as good as the Fregean cardinality thesis (FC), which contends that an ascription of cardinality is always relative to a concept specifying what, in any specific case, counts as a unit. The same train of (...)
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  18. Bjørn Jespersen & Massimiliano Carrara (2013). A New Logic of Technical Malfunction. Studia Logica 101 (3):547-581.score: 30.0
    Aim of the paper is to present a new logic of technical malfunction. The need for this logic is motivated by a simple-sounding philosophical question: Is a malfunctioning corkscrew, which fails to uncork bottles, nonetheless a corkscrew? Or in general terms, is a malfunctioning F, which fails to do what Fs do, nonetheless an F? We argue that ‘malfunctioning’ denotes the modifier Malfunctioning rather than a property, and that the answer depends on whether Malfunctioning is subsective or privative. If subsective, (...)
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  19. Angelo Alves Carrara (2006). Geoponica and Nabatean Agriculture: A New Approach Into Their Sources and Authorship. Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 16 (1):103-132.score: 30.0
  20. Massimiliano Carrara & Elisabetta Sacchi (2006). Propositions. An Introduction. Grazer Philosophische Studien 72 (1):1-27.score: 30.0
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  21. Massimiliano Carrara, Antonio M. Nunziante & Gabriele Tomasi (eds.) (2004). Individuals, Minds and Bodies: Themes From Leibniz. Franz Steiner Verlag.score: 30.0
    The other aim of the volume is to show that there is a close semantic connection between the concepts of individual, mind and body in Leibniz.
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  22. Massimiliano Carrara & Enrico Martino, On the Alleged Innocence of Mereology.score: 30.0
    In Parts of Classes [Lewis 1991] David Lewis attempts to draw a sharp contrast between mereology and set theory and to assimilate mereology to logic. He argues that, like logic but unlike set theory, mereology is “ontologically innocent”. In mereology, given certain objects, no further ontological commitment is required for the existence of their sum. On the contrary, by accepting set theory, given certain objects, a further commitment is required for the existence of the set of them. The latter – (...)
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  23. Massimiliano Carrara (2005). Comments on Hughes. Dialectica 59 (4):481–484.score: 30.0
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  24. Jan Woleński, Massimiliano Carrara, Roberto Poli, Luigi Dappiano & Sandro Bertoni (1994). Recensioni. Axiomathes 5 (2-3):465-468.score: 30.0
  25. Geisa Mara Batista & Daniel Carrara (2008). A carta a Mesland de 9 de fevereiro de 1645: tradução e comentários. Kriterion 49 (117):235-242.score: 30.0
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  26. Massimiliano Carrara & Giuseppe Spolaore (2011). Il Mondo Messo a Fuoco. Storie di Allucinazioni E Miopie Filosofiche (The World in Focus. Stories of Philosophical Hallucinations and Myopias) – By Achille Varzi. Dialectica 65 (3):473-477.score: 30.0
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  27. Massimiliano Carrara, Paolo Cherubini & Pierdaniele Giaretta (2006). Symposium on “Cognition and Rationality: Part I”. [REVIEW] Mind and Society 5 (2):167-171.score: 30.0
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  28. Massimiliano Carrara & Luigi Dappiano (1993). Recensioni. Axiomathes 4 (3):295-317.score: 30.0
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  29. Massimiliano Carrara, Paolo Cherubini & Pierdaniele Giaretta (2007). Symposium on “Cognition and Rationality: Part II”. Mind and Society 6 (1):35-39.score: 30.0
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  30. Roberto Poli, Liliana Albertazzi, Sandro Bertoni, Luigi Dappiano & Massimiliano Carrara (1993). Recensioni. Axiomathes 4 (2):295-317.score: 30.0
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  31. Massimiliano Carrara & Marzia Soavi (2010). Copies, Replicas, and Counterfeits of Artworks and Artefacts. The Monist 93 (3):414-432.score: 30.0
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  32. Wiktor Hertrich, Roberto Poli & Massimiliano Carrara (1996). Reviews. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 7 (3).score: 30.0
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  33. L. Bonesio, P. C. Bori, C. Carrara, F. Milano, E. Castellani, E. A. Colombo, P. Colonnello, Fm–Loche Crasta, A. Lussu & M. –Marcialis Mt (2000). Abbri, F.–Segala, M., Segni e percorsi della modernità. Saggi in onore di Paolo Rossi, Arezzo, Università degli Studi di Siena, Dipartimento di studi storico-sociali e filosofici, 2000. Addante, P., La centralità della persona in Antonio Rosmini. Filoso-fia, etica, politica, diritto, Milazzo (Me), Edizioni Spes, 2000. [REVIEW] Rivista di Filosofia 91 (3).score: 30.0
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  34. Massimiliano Carrara & Silvia Gaio, Approximating Identity Criteria.score: 30.0
    Identity criteria are used to confer ontological respectability: Only entities with clearly determined identity criteria are ontologically acceptable. From a logical point of view, identity criteria should mirror the identity relation in being reflexive, symmetrical, and transitive. However, this logical constraint is only rarely met. More precisely, in some cases, the relation representing the identity condition fails to be transitive. We consider the proposals given so far to give logical adequacy to inadequate identity conditions. We focus on the most refined (...)
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  35. Massimiliano Carrara & Silvia Gaio (2012). 2.4. Criteri d'identita e adeguatezza logica. Rivista di Estetica 49 (1):141-160.score: 30.0
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  36. Massimiliano Carrara & Enrico Martino (2011). Four Theses on the Alleged Innocence of Mereology. Humana. Mente. Journal of Philosophical Studies 19:57-77.score: 30.0
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  37. Massimiliano Carrara & Silvia Gaio (2012). Identity Criteria and Logical Adequacy. Rivista di Estetica 52 (1):141-160.score: 30.0
     
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  38. Massimiliano Carrara, Pawel Garbacz & Pieter E. Vermaas (2011). If Engineering Function is a Family Resemblance Concept: Assessing Three Formalization Strategies. Applied Ontology 6 (2):141-163.score: 30.0
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  39. Massimiliano Carrara & Davide Fassio, Logically Unknowable Propositions: A Criticism to Tennant's Three-Partition of Anti-Cartesian Propositions.score: 30.0
    The Knowability Paradox is a logical argument that, starting from the plainly innocent assumption that every true proposition is knowable, reaches the strong conclusion that every true proposition is known; i.e. if there are unknown truths, there are unknowable truths. The paradox has been considered a problem for every theory assuming the Knowability Principle, according to which all truths are knowable and, in particular, for semantic anti-realist theories. A well known criticism to the Knowability Paradox is the so called restriction (...)
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  40. Alberto Carrara (2012). Neurolibertad,¿ de verdad somos libres? Información Filosófica 8 (17):123-128.score: 30.0
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  41. Massimiliano Carrara (2003). Nuovi Libri. Rivista di Filosofia 94 (1).score: 30.0
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  42. Massimiliano Carrara, Enrico Martino & Vittorio Morato, On Dialetheic Entailment.score: 30.0
    The entailment connective is introduced by Priest (2006b). It aims to capture, in a dialetheically acceptable way, the informal notion of logical consequence. This connective does not “fall foul” of Curry’s Paradox by invalidating an inference rule called “Absorption” (or “Contraction”) and the classical logical theorem called “Assertion”. In this paper we show that the semantics of entailment, given by Priest in terms of possible worlds, is inadequate. In particular, we will argue that Priest’s counterexamples to Absorption and Assertion use (...)
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  43. Massimiliano Carrara & Pierdaniele Giaretta (2004). Ontologia, Ontologie Ed Analisi. Rivista di Estetica 44 (26):3-21.score: 30.0
     
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  44. Massimiliano Carrara & Silvia Gaio, On the Logical Adequacy of Identity Criteria.score: 30.0
    From a logical point of view, identity criteria should mirror the identity relation in being reflexive, symmetrical, and transitive. However, the relation representing the identity condition fails to be transitive in many cases. We consider the proposals given so far to give logical adequacy to inadequate identity conditions. We focus on the most refined proposal and expand its formal framework by taking into account two further aspects that we consider essential in the formal treatment of identity criteria: contexts and granular (...)
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  45. Ozanan Vicente Carrara (2012). Phenomenology and Ethics in Emmanuel Levinas. Filosofia Unisinos 13 (3).score: 30.0
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  46. Massimiliano Carrara & Davide Fassio, Perfected Science and the Knowability Paradox.score: 30.0
    In "The Limits of Science" N. Rescher introduces a logical argument known as the Knowability Paradox, according to which, if every true proposition is knowable, then every true proposition is known, i.e. if there are unknown truths, there are unknowable truths. Rescher argues that the Knowability Paradox, giving evidence to a limit of our knowledge (the existence of unknowable truths) could be used for arguing against perfected science. In this article we present two criticisms against Rescher's argument.
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  47. Laura Carrara (2013). Per Una Nuova Interpretazione di Aristia, Trgf 9 F 1. Philologus 157 (1):35-45.score: 30.0
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  48. Massimiliano Carrara & Pierdaniele Giaretta (2003). Quattro tesi sui criteri d'identità. Rivista di Estetica 43 (22):109-126.score: 30.0
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  49. Massimiliano Carrara & Silvia Gaio (2012). Towards a Formal Account of Identity Criteria. In. In Majda Trobok Nenad Miščević & Berislav Žarnić (eds.), Between Logic and Reality. Springer. 227--242.score: 30.0
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  50. Massimiliano Carrara & Davide Fassio, The Knowability Paradox, Perfectibility of Science and Reductionism.score: 30.0
    A logical argument known as Fitch’s Paradox of Knowability, starting from the assumption that every truth is knowable, leads to the consequence that every truth is also actually known. Then, given the ordinary fact that some true propositions are not actually known, it concludes, by modus tollens, that there are unknowable truths. The main literature on the topic has been focusing on the threat the argument poses to the so called semantic anti-realist theories, which aim to epistemically characterize the notion (...)
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