Search results for 'Claudia Carrara Augustenborg' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  38
    Claudia Carrara Augustenborg (2010). The Endogenous Feedback Network: A New Approach to the Comprehensive Study of Consciousness. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):547-579.
    The phenomenon of consciousness has received through the centuries a profusion of interpretations, engaging researchers across many disciplines. Nevertheless, consensus still floats at large. The aim of the present work is therefore twofold. Through the review of a selected number of existing proposals, it will first be considered the extents of their reciprocal compatibility, tentatively shaping an integrated, theoretical profile of consciousness. A new theory, the Endogenous Feedback Network will consequently be introduced which, besides being able to accommodate the main (...)
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  2.  4
    Leonardo Ferreira Almada, Alfredo Pereira Jr & Claudia Carrara-Augustenborg (2013). What Affective Neuroscience Means for Science of Consciousness. Mens Sana Monographs 11 (1):253.
    The field of affective neuroscience has emerged from the efforts of Jaak Panksepp in the 1990s and reinforced by the work of, among others, Joseph LeDoux in the 2000s. It is based on the ideas that affective processes are supported by brain structures that appeared earlier in the phylogenetic scale (as the periaqueductal gray area), they run in parallel with cognitive processes, and can influence behaviour independently of cognitive judgements. This kind of approach contrasts with the hegemonic concept of conscious (...)
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  3. Paolo Carrara (2014). Gérard Defois, Le pouvoir et la gr'ce. Le prêtre, du concile de Trente à Vatican II. Paris, Les Éditions du Cerf , 2013, 396 p.Gérard Defois, Le pouvoir et la gr'ce. Le prêtre, du concile de Trente à Vatican II. Paris, Les Éditions du Cerf , 2013, 396 p. [REVIEW] Laval Théologique et Philosophique 70 (1):198-201.
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  4. Massimiliano Carrara, Alessandra Arapinis & Friederike Moltmann (eds.) (2016). Unity and Plurality. Philosophy, Logic, and Semantics. Oxford University Press.
    This volume brings together new work on the logic and ontology of plurality and a range of recent articles exploring novel applications to natural language semantics. The contributions in this volume in particular investigate and extend new perspectives presented by plural logic and non-standard mereology and explore their applications to a range of natural language phenomena. Contributions by P. Aquaviva, A. Arapinis, M. Carrara, P. McKay, F. Moltmann, O. Linnebo, A. Oliver and T. Smiley, T. Scaltsas, P. Simons, and (...)
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  5. Gilles Routhier, Michael Quisinsky, Philippe Roy-Lysencourt & Paolo Carrara (2013). Recherches et publications récentes autour de Vatican II. Laval Théologique et Philosophique 69 (3):585-642.
    Gilles Routhier ,Michael Quisinsky ,Philippe Roy-Lysencourt ,Paolo Carrara ,Gilles Routhier.
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  6. Massimiliano Carrara, Pawel Garbacz & Pieter E. Vermaas (2011). If Engineering Function is a Family Resemblance Concept: Assessing Three Formalization Strategies. Applied Ontology 6 (2):141-163.
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  7. Bjørn Jespersen & Massimiliano Carrara (2013). A New Logic of Technical Malfunction. Studia Logica 101 (3):547-581.
    Aim of the paper is to present a new logic of technical malfunction. The need for this logic is motivated by a simple-sounding philosophical question: Is a malfunctioning corkscrew, which fails to uncork bottles, nonetheless a corkscrew? Or in general terms, is a malfunctioning F, which fails to do what Fs do, nonetheless an F? We argue that ‘malfunctioning’ denotes the modifier Malfunctioning rather than a property, and that the answer depends on whether Malfunctioning is subsective or privative. If subsective, (...)
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  8. Bjørn Jespersen & Massimiliano Carrara (2011). Two Conceptions of Technical Malfunction. Theoria 77 (2):117-138.
    The topic of this paper is the notion of technical (as opposed to biological) malfunction. It is shown how to form the property being a malfunctioning F from the property F and the property modifier malfunctioning (a mapping taking a property to a property). We present two interpretations of malfunctioning. Both interpretations agree that a malfunctioning F lacks the dispositional property of functioning as an F. However, its subsective interpretation entails that malfunctioning Fs are Fs, whereas its privative interpretation entails (...)
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  9.  51
    Enrico Martino & Massimiliano Carrara (2010). To Be is to Be the Object of a Possible Act of Choice. Studia Logica 96 (2):289-313.
    Aim of the paper is to revise Boolos’ reinterpretation of second-order monadic logic in terms of plural quantification ([4], [5]) and expand it to full second order logic. Introducing the idealization of plural acts of choice, performed by a suitable team of agents, we will develop a notion of plural reference . Plural quantification will be then explained in terms of plural reference. As an application, we will sketch a structuralist reconstruction of second-order arithmetic based on the axiom of infinite (...)
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  10.  50
    Massimiliano Carrara & Pieter E. Vermaas (2009). The Fine-Grained Metaphysics of Artifactual and Biological Functional Kinds. Synthese 169 (1):125 - 143.
    In this paper we consider the emerging position in metaphysics that artifact functions characterize real kinds of artifacts. We analyze how it can circumvent an objection by David Wiggins (Sameness and substance renewed, 2001, 87) and then argue that this position, in comparison to expert judgments, amounts to an interesting fine-grained metaphysics: taking artifact functions as (part of the) essences of artifacts leads to distinctions between principles of activity of artifacts that experts in technology have not yet made. We show, (...)
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  11. Francesco Berto & Massimiliano Carrara (2009). To Exist and to Count: A Note on the Minimalist View. Dialectica 63 (3):343-356.
    Sometimes mereologists have problems with counting. We often don't want to count the parts of maximally connected objects as full-fledged objects themselves, and we don't want to count discontinuous objects as parts of further, full-fledged objects. But whatever one takes "full-fledged object" to mean, the axioms and theorems of classical, extensional mereology commit us to the existence both of parts and of wholes – all on a par, included in the domain of quantification – and this makes mereology look counterintuitive (...)
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  12. Massimiliano Carrara & Enrico Martino (2009). On the Ontological Commitment of Mereology. Review of Symbolic Logic 2 (1):164-174.
    In Parts of Classes (1991) and Mathematics Is Megethology (1993) David Lewis defends both the innocence of plural quantification and of mereology. However, he himself claims that the innocence of mereology is different from that of plural reference, where reference to some objects does not require the existence of a single entity picking them out as a whole. In the case of plural quantification . Instead, in the mereological case: (Lewis, 1991, p. 87). The aim of the paper is to (...)
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  13. Massimiliano Carrara & Davide Fassio (2011). Why Knowledge Should Not Be Typed: An Argument Against the Type Solution to the Knowability Paradox. Theoria 77 (2):180-193.
    The Knowability Paradox is a logical argument to the effect that, if there are truths not actually known, then there are unknowable truths. Recently, Alexander Paseau and Bernard Linsky have independently suggested a possible way to counter this argument by typing knowledge. In this article, we argue against their proposal that if one abstracts from other possible independent considerations supporting reasons for typing knowledge and considers the motivation for a type-theoretic approach with respect to the Knowability Paradox alone, there is (...)
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  14. Massimiliano Carrara & Achille C. Varzi (2001). Ontological Commitment and Reconstructivism. Erkenntnis 55 (1):33-50.
    Some forms of analytic reconstructivism take natural language (and common sense at large) to be ontologically opaque: ordinary sentences must be suitably rewritten or paraphrased before questions of ontological commitment may be raised. Other forms of reconstructivism take the commitment of ordinary language at face value, but regard it as metaphysically misleading: common-sense objects exist, but they are not what we normally think they are. This paper is an attempt to clarify and critically assess some common limits of these two (...)
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  15.  51
    Massimiliano Carrara & Enrico Martino (2011). On the Infinite in Mereology with Plural Quantification. Review of Symbolic Logic 4 (1):54-62.
    In Lewis reconstructs set theory using mereology and plural quantification (MPQ). In his recontruction he assumes from the beginning that there is an infinite plurality of atoms, whose size is equivalent to that of the set theoretical universe. Since this assumption is far beyond the basic axioms of mereology, it might seem that MPQ do not play any role in order to guarantee the existence of a large infinity of objects. However, we intend to demonstrate that mereology and plural quantification (...)
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  16.  57
    Massimiliano Carrara & Daria Mingardo (2013). Artifact Categorization. Trends and Problems. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 4 (3):351-373.
    The general question (G) How do we categorize artifacts? can be subject to three different readings: an ontological, an epistemic and a semantic one. According to the ontological reading, asking (G) is equivalent to asking in virtue of what properties, if any, a certain artifact is an instance of some artifact kind: (O) What is it for an artifact a to belong to kind K? According to the epistemic reading, when we ask (G) we are investigating what properties of the (...)
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  17.  64
    Massimiliano Carrara & Elisabetta Sacchi (2007). Cardinality and Identity. Journal of Philosophical Logic 36 (5):539 - 556.
    P.T. Geach has maintained (see, e.g., Geach (1967/1968)) that identity (as well as dissimilarity) is always relative to a general term. According to him, the notion of absolute identity has to be abandoned and replaced by a multiplicity of relative identity relations for which Leibniz's Law - which says that if two objects are identical they have the same properties - does not hold. For Geach relative identity is at least as good as Frege's cardinality thesis which he takes to (...)
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  18.  12
    Marzia Soavi & Massimiliano Carrara (2010). Copies, Replicas, and Counterfeits of Artworks and Artefacts. The Monist 93 (3):414-432.
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  19.  17
    Massimiliano Carrara & Silvia Gaio (2012). Towards a Formal Account of Identity Criteria. In Majda Trobok Nenad Miščević & Berislav Žarnić (eds.), Between Logic and Reality. Springer 227--242.
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  20.  59
    Massimiliano Carrara & Giuseppe Spolaore (2011). Il Mondo Messo a Fuoco. Storie di Allucinazioni E Miopie Filosofiche (The World in Focus. Stories of Philosophical Hallucinations and Myopias) – By Achille Varzi. Dialectica 65 (3):473-477.
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  21.  36
    Massimiliano Carrara & Pierdaniele Giaretta (2004). The Many Facets of Identity Criteria. Dialectica 58 (2):221–232.
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  22.  28
    Giovanni Boniolo & Massimiliano Carrara (2004). On Biological Identity. Biology and Philosophy 19 (3):443-457.
    In our paper, we propose a relativisticand metaphysically neutral identity criterionfor biological entities. We start from thecriterion of genidentity proposed by K. Lewinand H. Reichenbach. Then we enrich it to renderit more philosophical powerful and so capableof dealing with the real transformations thatoccur in the extremely variegated biologicalworld.
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  23.  34
    Massimiliano Carrara (2009). Relative Identity and the Number of Artifacts. Techne 13 (2):108-122.
    Relativists maintain that identity is always relative to a general term (RI). According to them, the notion of absolute identity has to be abandoned and replaced by a multiplicity of relative identity relations for which Leibniz’s Law does not hold. For relativists RI is at least as good as the Fregean cardinality thesis (FC), which contends that an ascription of cardinality is always relative to a concept specifying what, in any specific case, counts as a unit. The same train of (...)
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  24.  35
    Massimiliano Carrara & Marzia Soavi (2008). Ontology for Information Systems: Artefacts as a Case Study. [REVIEW] Mind and Society 7 (2):143-156.
    The goal of the paper is to analyse some specific features of a very central concept for top-level ontologies for information systems: i.e. the concept of artefact. Specifically, we analyse the relation to be a copy of that is strongly linked to the notion of artefact and—as we will demonstrate—could be useful to distinguish artefacts from objects of other kinds. Firstly, we outline some intuitive and commonsensical reasons for the need of a clarification of the notion of artefact in ontologies (...)
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  25.  7
    L. Bonesio, P. C. Bori, C. Carrara, F. Milano, E. Castellani, E. A. Colombo, P. Colonnello, Fm–Loche Crasta, A. Lussu & M. –Marcialis Mt (2000). Abbri, F.–Segala, M., Segni e percorsi della modernità. Saggi in onore di Paolo Rossi, Arezzo, Università degli Studi di Siena, Dipartimento di studi storico-sociali e filosofici, 2000. Addante, P., La centralità della persona in Antonio Rosmini. Filoso-fia, etica, politica, diritto, Milazzo (Me), Edizioni Spes, 2000. [REVIEW] Rivista di Filosofia 91 (3).
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  26.  35
    Massimiliano Carrara & Davide Fassio, Reductionism and Perfectibility of Science.
    Nicholas Rescher, in The Limits of Science (1984), argued that: «perfected science is a mirage; complete knowledge a chimera» . He reached the above conclusion from a logical argument known as Fitch’s Paradox of Knowability. The argument, starting from the assumption that every truth is knowable, proves that every truth is also actually known and, given that some true propositions are not actually known, it concludes, by modus tollens, that there are unknowable truths. Prima facie, this argument seems to seriously (...)
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  27.  6
    Jan Woleński, Massimiliano Carrara, Roberto Poli, Luigi Dappiano & Sandro Bertoni (1994). Recensioni / Reviews. Axiomathes 5 (2-3):415-435.
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  28.  5
    Wiesemann G. Ttingen Claudia (2008). Dr. Gisela Bockenheimer-Lucius: Koordinierende Schriftleiterin, Diplomatin, Wissenschaftlerin, rztin. Ethik in der Medizin 20 (4):263-264.
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  29.  7
    Massimiliano Carrara & Enrico Martino (2011). Four Theses on the Alleged Innocence of Mereology. Humana. Mente. Journal of Philosophical Studies 19:57-77.
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  30.  13
    Massimiliano Carrara & Marzia Soavi (2010). Copies, Replicas, and Counterfeits of Artworks and Artefacts. The Monist 93 (3):414-432.
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  31.  6
    Diogo Tavares & Ana Claudia (2012). La dominación y el discurso jurídico de los abogados de las organizaciones de empleadores en el campo brasileño. Astrolabio: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 13:147-155.
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  32.  19
    Jan Woleński, Massimiliano Carrara, Roberto Poli, Luigi Dappiano & Sandro Bertoni (1994). Recensioni. Axiomathes 5 (2-3):465-468.
  33.  14
    Massimiliano Carrara, Paolo Cherubini & Pierdaniele Giaretta (2007). Symposium on “Cognition and Rationality: Part II”. Mind and Society 6 (1):35-39.
    This is an excerpt from the contentIn the introduction to part I of the symposium we stated that a rational agent could be thought of as an agent who has good reasons for its actions. In formal analyses of economic, medical, political, military and forensic decisions rationality, that is the “goodness” of those reasons, is inextricably intertwined with probability. Typically, those analyses concern decisions in a particular class of uncertain situations, namely “risky” situations, where all the relevant available alternative actions (...)
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  34.  18
    Massimiliano Carrara & Luigi Dappiano (1993). Recensioni. Axiomathes 4 (3):295-317.
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  35.  17
    Massimiliano Carrara & Elisabetta Sacchi (2006). Propositions. An Introduction. Grazer Philosophische Studien 72 (1):1-27.
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  36.  5
    Fangerau Heiner, Simon Alfred & Wiesemann Claudia (2003). Improving Information Systems in Europe: EURETHNET. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 6 (1):67-69.
    The efforts of the European Commission to create a European Research Area in the field of biotechnology are accompanied by a growing demand for an ethical discourse. Cultural differences between the European Union's member states create a vital need to improve bioethical information structures in Europe so as to foster European bioethics discourses and to cope with ethical pluralism. Responding to the need for an increased European contribution to the international discussion on ethics in medicine and biotechnology, some of Europe's (...)
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  37.  5
    Mills Claudia (1998). Choice and Circumstance. In Stephen Everson (ed.), Ethics. Cambridge University Press 109--1.
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  38.  17
    Angelo Alves Carrara (2006). Geoponica and Nabatean Agriculture: A New Approach Into Their Sources and Authorship. Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 16 (1):103-132.
  39.  12
    Massimiliano Carrara, Paolo Cherubini & Pierdaniele Giaretta (2006). Symposium on “Cognition and Rationality: Part I”. [REVIEW] Mind and Society 5 (2):167-171.
    This is an excerpt from the contentThis symposium on Cognition and Rationality originated from two conferences held in Padua on March 17–21, 2003. The title of the first conference was Reasoning and understanding: mental models, relevance, and limited rationality approaches. The second one was entitled: Being rational. Models and limits of rationality in scientific research, economic behaviour, common sense reasoning. The papers published in these two issues are a selection of the ones presented.Why Cognition and Rationality? Let a cognitive agent (...)
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  40.  2
    Wiktor Hertrich, Roberto Poli & Massimiliano Carrara (1996). Reviews / Recensioni. Axiomathes 7 (3):437-451.
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  41.  14
    Roberto Poli, Liliana Albertazzi, Sandro Bertoni, Luigi Dappiano & Massimiliano Carrara (1993). Recensioni. Axiomathes 4 (2):295-317.
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  42.  4
    Alberto Carrara (2012). Neurolibertad,¿ de verdad somos libres? Información Filosófica 8 (17):123-128.
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  43.  3
    Massimiliano Carrara (2003). Nuovi Libri. Rivista di Filosofia 94 (1).
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  44.  2
    Laura Carrara (2013). Per Una Nuova Interpretazione di Aristia, Trgf 9 F 1. Philologus: Zeitschrift für Antike Literatur Und Ihre Rezeption 157 (1):35-45.
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  45.  7
    Geisa Mara Batista & Daniel Carrara (2008). A carta a Mesland de 9 de fevereiro de 1645: tradução e comentários. Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 49 (117):235-242.
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  46.  8
    Massimiliano Carrara (2005). Comments on Hughes. Dialectica 59 (4):481–484.
    The aim of this paper is to discuss Hughes’ formulation of three‐dimensionalism. Firstly, I observe that the linguistic data do not clearly support his formulation. Secondly, the arguments he uses to state his formulation could be disputed either on the basis of a difference between ordinary language and regimented language, or on the basis of a different notion of temporal part.
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  47.  7
    Wiktor Hertrich, Roberto Poli & Massimiliano Carrara (1996). Reviews. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 7 (3).
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  48. Massimiliano Carrara & Silvia Gaio (2012). 2.4. Criteri d'identita e adeguatezza logica. Rivista di Estetica 49 (1):141-160.
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  49. Massimiliano Carrara & Silvia Gaio (2012). Identity Criteria and Logical Adequacy. Rivista di Estetica 52 (1):141-160.
     
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  50.  20
    Massimiliano Carrara, Antonio M. Nunziante & Gabriele Tomasi (eds.) (2004). Individuals, Minds and Bodies: Themes From Leibniz. Franz Steiner Verlag.
    The other aim of the volume is to show that there is a close semantic connection between the concepts of individual, mind and body in Leibniz.
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