Search results for 'Cliff Dacso' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Barry Schwartz, Yakov Ben-Haim & Cliff Dacso (2011). What Makes a Good Decision? Robust Satisficing as a Normative Standard of Rational Decision Making. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 41 (2):209-227.score: 240.0
    Most decisions in life involve ambiguity, where probabilities can not be meaningfully specified, as much as they involve probabilistic uncertainty. In such conditions, the aspiration to utility maximization may be self-deceptive. We propose “robust satisficing” as an alternative to utility maximizing as the normative standard for rational decision making in such circumstances. Instead of seeking to maximize the expected value, or utility, of a decision outcome, robust satisficing aims to maximize the robustness to uncertainty of a satisfactory outcome. That is, (...)
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  2. D. Cliff (1990). Computational Neuroethology: A Provisional Manifesto. In Jean-Arcady Meyer & Stewart W. Wilson (eds.), From Animals to Animats: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Simulation of Adaptive Behavior (Complex Adaptive Systems). Cambridge University Press.score: 30.0
  3. David Pimentel, Christa Wilson, Christine McCullum, Rachel Huang, Paulette Dwen, Jessica Flack, Quynh Tran, Tamara Saltman & Barbara Cliff (1997). Economic and Environmental Benefits of Biodiversity. Bioscience 47 (11):747-757.score: 30.0
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  4. David Pimentel, Christa Wilson, Christine McCullum, Rachel Huang, Pauletie Dwen, Jessica Flack, Quynh Tran, Tamara Saltman & Barbara Cliff (1998). Response From Pimentel Et Al. Bioscience 48 (5):341-341.score: 30.0
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  5. Hannah Cliff (forthcoming). Japan's War with the United States, 1941-45. Clio.score: 30.0
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  6. W. K. Lauenroth, I. C. Burke, David Pimentel, Christa Wilson, Christine McCullum, Rachel Huang, Paulette Dwen, Jessica Flack, Quynh Tran, Tamara Saltman & Barbara Cliff (1998). Separating Feelings From Knowledge. Bioscience 48 (5):340-341.score: 30.0
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  7. D. Pimentel, C. Wilson, C. McCullum, R. Huang, P. Dwen, J. Flack, Q. Tran, T. Saltman & B. Cliff (1998). Separating Feelings From Knowledge-Reply. Bioscience 48 (5):341-341.score: 30.0
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  8. David B. Suits (1999). Steep Cliff Arguments. Argumentation 13 (2):127-138.score: 18.0
    In recent philosophical debates a number of arguments have been used which have so much in common that it is useful to study them as having a similar structure. Many arguments – Searle's Chinese Room, for example – make use of thought experiments in which we are told a story or given a narrative context such that we feel we are in comfortable surroundings. A new notion is then introduced which clashes with our ordinary habits and associations. As a result, (...)
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  9. Caifang Zhu (2011). The Hermeneutics of Chan Buddhism: Reading Koans From The Blue Cliff Record. Asian Philosophy 21 (4):373 - 393.score: 12.0
    Despite the fact that Chan, especially koan Chan is highly unconventional and perplexing, there are still some principles with which to interpret and appreciate the practice. Each of the five houses or lineages of Chan has its idiosyncratic hermeneutic rules. The Linji House has Linji si liao jian, si bin zhu and si zhao yong among others while the Yunmen House follows Yumen san ju as one of its house rules. Moreover, there is a general inner logic that seems to (...)
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  10. Randolph M. Nesse (2004). Cliff-Edged Fitness Functions and the Persistence of Schizophrenia. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):862-863.score: 12.0
    Strong recent selection for social cognition may well explain the persistence of genes that predispose to schizophrenia. The specific mechanism responsible may be a skewed fitness function in which selection pushes the mean for advantageous mental traits perilously close to a “fitness cliff” where the system fails catastrophically in some individuals.
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  11. Roger Chartier (1997). On the Edge of the Cliff: History, Language, and Practices. Johns Hopkins University Press.score: 12.0
    The importance of history has been powerfully reaffirmed in recent years by the appearance of major new authors, pathbreaking works, and fresh interpretations of historical events, trends, and methods. Responding to these developments, Roger Chartier engages several of the most influential writers of cultural history whose works have spread far beyond academic audiences to become part of contemporary cultural argument. Challenging the assertion that history is no more than a "fiction-making operation" Chartier examines the relationships between history and fiction and (...)
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  12. Luis Justo (2010). Consent While Hanging From a Cliff? American Journal of Bioethics 10 (2):61-62.score: 9.0
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  13. Peter Greenaway (2009). Female Practices is Still Under-Developed. Have We Progressed That Much Further Beyond Swift's Irony? Strephon, Who Heard the Fuming Rill As From a Mossy Cliff Distil, Cried Out, Ye Gods, What Sound is This? In Olga Gershenson Barbara Penner (ed.), Ladies and Gents. 230.score: 9.0
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  14. Joke Meheus & Diderik Batens (1996). Steering Problem Solving Between Cliff Incoherence and Cliff Solitude. Philosophica 58.score: 9.0
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  15. R. Mansell Prothero (1984). Spatial Diffusion: An Historical Geography of Epidemics in an Island Community. By A. D. Cliff, P. Haggett, J. K. Ord and G. R. Versey. Pp. Xi + 238. (Cambridge University Press, 1981.) £19.50. [REVIEW] Journal of Biosocial Science 16 (2):300-300.score: 9.0
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  16. Richard D. Walk & David R. Miller (1980). Exploratory Research with an Adult Visual Cliff. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 16 (5):388-390.score: 9.0
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  17. Wayne David Christensen & Cliff A. Hooker (2001). Self-Directed Agents. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 31 (Supplement):19-52.score: 6.0
    Wayne D. Christensen and Cliff A. Hooker.
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  18. Daniel C. Dennett (1995). The Unimagined Preposterousness of Zombies. Journal of Consciousness Studies 2 (4):322-26.score: 3.0
    Knock-down refutations are rare in philosophy, and unambiguous self-refutations are even rarer, for obvious reasons, but sometimes we get lucky. Sometimes philosophers clutch an insupportable hypothesis to their bosoms and run headlong over the cliff edge. Then, like cartoon characters, they hang there in mid-air, until they notice what they have done and gravity takes over. Just such a boon is the philosophers' concept of a zombie, a strangely attractive notion that sums up, in one leaden lump, almost everything (...)
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  19. Daniel C. Dennett (1993). Living on the Edge. Inquiry 36 (1-2):135-59.score: 3.0
    In a survey of issues in philosophy of mind some years ago, I observed that "it is widely granted these days that dualism is not a serious view to contend with, but rather a cliff over which to push one's opponents." (Dennett, 1978, p.252) That was true enough, and I for one certainly didn't deplore the fact, but this rich array of essays tackling my book amply demonstrates that a cliff examined with care is better than a (...) ignored. And, as I have noted in my discussion of the blind spot and other gaps, you really can't perceive an edge unless you represent both sides of it. So one of the virtues of this gathering of essays is that it permits both friend and foe alike to take a good hard look at dualism, as represented by those who are tempted by it, those who can imagine no alternative to it, and those who, like me, still find it to be--in a word--hopeless. (shrink)
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  20. Pim Haselager, A. de Groot & H. van Rappard (2003). Representationalism Vs. Anti-Representationalism: A Debate for the Sake of Appearance. Philosophical Psychology 16 (1):5-23.score: 3.0
    In recent years the cognitive science community has witnessed the rise of a new, dynamical approach to cognition. This approach entails a framework in which cognition and behavior are taken to result from complex dynamical interactions between brain, body, and environment. The advent of the dynamical approach is grounded in a dissatisfaction with the classical computational view of cognition. A particularly strong claim has been that cognitive systems do not rely on internal representations and computations. Focusing on this claim, we (...)
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  21. Cliff A. Hooker (2006). Reduction as Cognitive Strategy. In Brian L. Keeley (ed.), Paul Churchland. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.score: 3.0
  22. John Benson (1978). Animal Rights and Human Obligations Edited by Tom Regan and Peter Singer Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1976, Vi + 250 Pp. [REVIEW] Philosophy 53 (206):576-.score: 3.0
  23. Cliff Hooker (1987). Book Review:The Quantum and Beyond W. M. Honig. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 54 (4):611-.score: 3.0
  24. Cliff A. Hooker & Wayne D. Christensen (1998). Towards a New Science of the Mind: Wide Content and the Metaphysics of Organizational Properties in Nonlinear Dynamic Models. Mind and Language 13 (1):98-109.score: 3.0
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  25. Barry Hoffmaster & Cliff Hooker (2009). How Experience Confronts Ethics. Bioethics 23 (4):214-225.score: 3.0
    Analytic moral philosophy's strong divide between empirical and normative restricts facts to providing information for the application of norms and does not allow them to confront or challenge norms. So any genuine attempt to incorporate experience and empirical research into bioethics – to give the empirical more than the status of mere 'descriptive ethics'– must make a sharp break with the kind of analytic moral philosophy that has dominated contemporary bioethics. Examples from bioethics and science are used to illustrate the (...)
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  26. Michael Anderson, A Self-Help Guide for Autonomous Systems.score: 3.0
    When things go badly, we notice that something is amiss, figure out what went wrong and why, and attempt to repair the problem. Artificial systems depend on their human designers to program in responses to every eventuality and therefore typically don’t even notice when things go wrong, following their programming over the proverbial, and in some cases literal, cliff. This article describes our work on the Meta-Cognitive Loop, a domain-general approach to giving artificial systems the ability to notice, assess, (...)
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  27. Cliff Goddard (1998/2011). Semantic Analysis: A Practical Introduction. Oxford University Press.score: 3.0
    Semantic Analysis is a lively and clearly written introduction to the study of meaning in language and to the language-culture connection. Goddard covers traditional and contemporary issues and approaches with the relationship between semantics, conceptualization, and culture as a key theme. He also details a number of case studies that draw on a wide range of material from non-Indo-European languages, particularly Australian Aboriginal languages and Malay, on which the author is an authority.
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  28. Cliff Stagoll (1997). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal of Aesthetics 37 (3):290-291.score: 3.0
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  29. Cliff A. Hooker (1997). Dynamical Systems in Development: Review Essay of Linda V. Smith & Esther Thelen (Eds) a Dynamics Systems Approach to Development: Applications. Philosophical Psychology 10 (1):103 – 112.score: 3.0
    This book focuses on showing how the ideas central to the new wave oj dynamic systems studies may also form the basis for a new and distinctive theory of human development where both global order and local variability in behaviour emerge together from the same organising dynamical interactions. This also sharpens our understanding of the weaknesses of the traditional formal, structuralist theories. Conversely, dynamical models have their own matching set of problems, many of which are consiously explored here. Less readily (...)
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  30. David-Hillel Ruben (1981). Philosophy of Economics By C. Dyke Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1981, 184 + Viii Pp., £5.15. Philosophy 56 (218):582-.score: 3.0
    review of Philosophy of Economics by C. Dyke.
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  31. Cliff A. Hooker (1975). The Information-Processing Approach to the Brain-Mind and its Philosophical Ramifications. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 36 (September):1-15.score: 3.0
  32. Allen Carlson (1985). Ethics and the Environment Donald Scherer and Thomas Attig, Editors Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1983. Pp. Iv, 236. $11.95. [REVIEW] Dialogue 24 (04):755-.score: 3.0
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  33. Gilbert Harman (1971). Review of W. V. Quine. Philosophy of Logic. Englewood Cliffs. [REVIEW] Metaphilosophy 2 (2):184–190.score: 3.0
  34. Barry Hoffmaster & Cliff Hooker (2009). What Empirical Research Can Do for Bioethics. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (6):72-74.score: 3.0
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  35. Hugues Leblanc (1964). The Myth of Simplicity; Problems of Scientific Philosophy. By Mario Bunge. Englewood Cliffs, N. J., Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1963. Pp. Xii, 239. [REVIEW] Dialogue 3 (02):201-203.score: 3.0
  36. Geoffrey Payzant (1965). Philosophy of Art, by Virgil C. Aldrich. Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall Foundations of Philosophy Series, 1963. Pp. 116. [REVIEW] Dialogue 4 (01):130-132.score: 3.0
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  37. Cliff Hooker (1979). Ronald M. Yoshida: “Reduction in The Physical Sciences.” (Philosophy in Canada, Vol. 4) Dalhousie: Dalhousie University Press, 1977. 90 Pages. [REVIEW] Dialogue 18 (01):81-99.score: 3.0
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  38. Cliff Landesman (1995). When to Terminate a Charitable Trust? Analysis 55 (1):12 - 13.score: 3.0
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  39. David R. Cameron (1970). Essays in the History of Political Thought. Edited by Isaac Kramnick. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1969. Pp. 384. [REVIEW] Dialogue 9 (03):485-486.score: 3.0
  40. Cliff Hooker (2011). Rationality as Effective Organisation of Interaction and Its Naturalist Framework. Axiomathes 21 (1):99-172.score: 3.0
    The point of this paper is to provide a principled framework for a naturalistic, interactivist-constructivist model of rational capacity and a sketch of the model itself, indicating its merits. Being naturalistic, it takes its orientation from scientific understanding. In particular, it adopts the developing interactivist-constructivist understanding of the functional capacities of biological organisms as a useful naturalistic platform for constructing such higher order capacities as reason and cognition. Further, both the framework and model are marked by the finitude and fallibility (...)
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  41. Gualtiero Piccinini (2007). Allen Newell. In Noretta Koertge (ed.), New Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Thomson Gale.score: 3.0
    Newell was a founder of artificial intelligence (AI) and a pioneer in the use of computer simulations in psychology. In collaboration with J. Cliff Shaw and Herbert A. <span class='Hi'>Simon</span>, Newell developed the first list-processing programming language as well as the earliest computer programs for simulating human problem solving. Over a long and prolific career, he contributed to many techniques, such as protocol analysis and heuristic search, that are now part of psychology and computer science. Colleagues remembered Newell for (...)
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  42. D. W. Hamlyn (1965). Knowledge and Certainty. By Norman Malcolm (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, Inc. 1963. Pp. X + 244. Price 46s.). Philosophy 40 (152):169-.score: 3.0
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  43. Gary Iseminger (1968). Action and Purpose. By Richard Taylor. (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc. 1966. Pp. 269 + Xiv. Price 48s.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 43 (163):73-.score: 3.0
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  44. Jonathan Bennett (1966). The Philosophy of Wittgenstein. By George Pitcher. (Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1964. Pp. Xii + 340. Price 56s.). Philosophy 41 (155):86-.score: 3.0
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  45. Cliff G. McMahon (2003). The Sign System in Chinese Landscape Paintings. Journal of Aesthetic Education 37 (1):64-76.score: 3.0
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  46. Stanley Paluch (1965). Minds and Machines. Edited by Alan Ross Anderson. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, Inc. 1964. Pp. Viii + 114. $2.45. [REVIEW] Dialogue 4 (01):125-127.score: 3.0
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  47. Cliff Slaughter (1986). Making Sense of Elster. Inquiry 29 (1-4):45 – 56.score: 3.0
    Elster contends that much of Marx's most important work was characterized by methodological individualism. I argue that this is untrue, and that to assert it results, at least in part, from a misunderstanding of Marx's writings on the individual's relation to his society. Central to Marx's writings is the rejection of an abstract ?society?. Instead we find analysis of a particular social formation, with a historically specific relation between individual and society, and between ends and means. This is demonstrated from (...)
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  48. Julian Wolfe (1966). Metaphysics. By Richard Taylor. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice—Hall Inc., Pp. 109. Dialogue 5 (02):287-289.score: 3.0
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  49. Lester Hunt, This is the Chalk Cliffs on Ruegen by Kaspar David Friedrich, Which Routledge Was Good Enough to Put on the Cover of Nietzsche and the Origin of Virtue. I.score: 3.0
    Nietzsche and the Origin of Virtue : This book is a discussion of Nietzsche's ethical and political ideas. It is an attempt to be both scholarly and, in a sense, activist. The ultimate point is to see how believers in liberal democracy (like me and most of my readers) should respond to the challenge that Nietzsche represents. As with any profound challenge, one is never the same again after it is overcome. In particular, I suggest that liberals can learn something (...)
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  50. Paul McNamara (1995). The Confinement Problem: How to Terminate Your Mom with Her Trust. Analysis 55 (4):310 - 313.score: 3.0
    Cliff Landesman provides a vivid description of a case where we have no best outcome available to us. He poses this as a problem for utilitarians who advise us to do the best we can. This does indeed make such advice impractical. I begin by contrasting older versions of utilitarianism with newer ones that have appeared in deontic logic and that were designed precisely to accommodate Landesman's sort of scenario. (I cast matters in terms of the Limit Assumption and (...)
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