Search results for 'Cliff Dacso' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  31
    Barry Schwartz, Yakov Ben-Haim & Cliff Dacso (2011). What Makes a Good Decision? Robust Satisficing as a Normative Standard of Rational Decision Making. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 41 (2):209-227.
    Most decisions in life involve ambiguity, where probabilities can not be meaningfully specified, as much as they involve probabilistic uncertainty. In such conditions, the aspiration to utility maximization may be self-deceptive. We propose “robust satisficing” as an alternative to utility maximizing as the normative standard for rational decision making in such circumstances. Instead of seeking to maximize the expected value, or utility, of a decision outcome, robust satisficing aims to maximize the robustness to uncertainty of a satisfactory outcome. That is, (...)
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  2. Hannah Cliff (forthcoming). Japan's War with the United States, 1941-45. Clio.
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  3.  37
    D. Cliff (1990). Computational Neuroethology: A Provisional Manifesto. In Jean-Arcady Meyer & Stewart W. Wilson (eds.), From Animals to Animats: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Simulation of Adaptive Behavior (Complex Adaptive Systems). Cambridge University Press
  4.  5
    David B. Suits (1999). Steep Cliff Arguments. Argumentation 13 (2):127-138.
    In recent philosophical debates a number of arguments have been used which have so much in common that it is useful to study them as having a similar structure. Many arguments – Searle's Chinese Room, for example – make use of thought experiments in which we are told a story or given a narrative context such that we feel we are in comfortable surroundings. A new notion is then introduced which clashes with our ordinary habits and associations. As a result, (...)
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  5.  13
    Randolph M. Nesse (2004). Cliff-Edged Fitness Functions and the Persistence of Schizophrenia. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):862-863.
    Strong recent selection for social cognition may well explain the persistence of genes that predispose to schizophrenia. The specific mechanism responsible may be a skewed fitness function in which selection pushes the mean for advantageous mental traits perilously close to a “fitness cliff” where the system fails catastrophically in some individuals.
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  6.  8
    Roger Chartier (1997). On the Edge of the Cliff: History, Language, and Practices. Johns Hopkins University Press.
    The importance of history has been powerfully reaffirmed in recent years by the appearance of major new authors, pathbreaking works, and fresh interpretations of historical events, trends, and methods. Responding to these developments, Roger Chartier engages several of the most influential writers of cultural history whose works have spread far beyond academic audiences to become part of contemporary cultural argument. Challenging the assertion that history is no more than a "fiction-making operation" Chartier examines the relationships between history and fiction and (...)
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  7.  12
    Caifang Zhu (2011). The Hermeneutics of Chan Buddhism: Reading Koans From The Blue Cliff Record. Asian Philosophy 21 (4):373 - 393.
    Despite the fact that Chan, especially koan Chan is highly unconventional and perplexing, there are still some principles with which to interpret and appreciate the practice. Each of the five houses or lineages of Chan has its idiosyncratic hermeneutic rules. The Linji House has Linji si liao jian, si bin zhu and si zhao yong among others while the Yunmen House follows Yumen san ju as one of its house rules. Moreover, there is a general inner logic that seems to (...)
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  8.  3
    Sally Sheldon (2015). The Regulatory Cliff Edge Between Contraception and Abortion: The Legal and Moral Significance of Implantation. Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (9):762-765.
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  9.  9
    Joke Meheus & Diderik Batens (1996). Steering Problem Solving Between Cliff Incoherence and Cliff Solitude. Philosophica 58.
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  10. J. C. Cleary & Thomas Cleary (1979). The Blue Cliff Record. Philosophy East and West 29 (2):249-251.
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  11.  4
    Luis Justo (2010). Consent While Hanging From a Cliff? American Journal of Bioethics 10 (2):61-62.
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  12.  1
    R. Mansell Prothero (1984). Spatial Diffusion: An Historical Geography of Epidemics in an Island Community. By A. D. Cliff, P. Haggett, J. K. Ord and G. R. Versey. Pp. Xi + 238. (Cambridge University Press, 1981.) £19.50. [REVIEW] Journal of Biosocial Science 16 (2):300-300.
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  13.  1
    Peter Greenaway (2009). Female Practices is Still Under-Developed. Have We Progressed That Much Further Beyond Swift's Irony? Strephon, Who Heard the Fuming Rill As From a Mossy Cliff Distil, Cried Out, Ye Gods, What Sound is This? In Olga Gershenson Barbara Penner (ed.), Ladies and Gents. 230.
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  14. John Major (1990). Science and Technology in Chinese Civilization by Cheng-Yih Chen; Roger Cliff; Kuei-Mei Chen. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 81:315-316.
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  15. Richard D. Walk & David R. Miller (1980). Exploratory Research with an Adult Visual Cliff. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 16 (5):388-390.
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  16.  17
    Wayne David Christensen & Cliff A. Hooker (2001). Self-Directed Agents. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 31 (Supplement):19-52.
    Wayne D. Christensen and Cliff A. Hooker.
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  17.  27
    Cliff Hooker (1980). From Being to Becoming Time and Complexity in the Physical Sciences. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  18. Daniel C. Dennett (1995). The Unimagined Preposterousness of Zombies. Journal of Consciousness Studies 2 (4):322-26.
    Knock-down refutations are rare in philosophy, and unambiguous self-refutations are even rarer, for obvious reasons, but sometimes we get lucky. Sometimes philosophers clutch an insupportable hypothesis to their bosoms and run headlong over the cliff edge. Then, like cartoon characters, they hang there in mid-air, until they notice what they have done and gravity takes over. Just such a boon is the philosophers' concept of a zombie, a strangely attractive notion that sums up, in one leaden lump, almost everything (...)
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  19.  14
    Søren Brier & Cliff Joslyn (2013). What Does It Take to Produce Interpretation? Informational, Peircean and Code-Semiotic Views on Biosemiotics. Biosemiotics 6 (1):143-159.
    This paper presents a critical analysis of code-semiotics, which we see as the latest attempt to create paradigmatic foundation for solving the question of the emergence of life and consciousness. We view code semiotics as a an attempt to revise the empirical scientific Darwinian paradigm, and to go beyond the complex systems, emergence, self-organization, and informational paradigms, and also the selfish gene theory of Dawkins and the Peircean pragmaticist semiotic theory built on the simultaneous types of evolution. As such it (...)
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  20.  54
    Barry Hoffmaster & Cliff Hooker (2009). How Experience Confronts Ethics. Bioethics 23 (4):214-225.
    Analytic moral philosophy's strong divide between empirical and normative restricts facts to providing information for the application of norms and does not allow them to confront or challenge norms. So any genuine attempt to incorporate experience and empirical research into bioethics – to give the empirical more than the status of mere 'descriptive ethics'– must make a sharp break with the kind of analytic moral philosophy that has dominated contemporary bioethics. Examples from bioethics and science are used to illustrate the (...)
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  21.  11
    Cliff Hooker (2011). Rationality as Effective Organisation of Interaction and Its Naturalist Framework. Axiomathes 21 (1):99-172.
    The point of this paper is to provide a principled framework for a naturalistic, interactivist-constructivist model of rational capacity and a sketch of the model itself, indicating its merits. Being naturalistic, it takes its orientation from scientific understanding. In particular, it adopts the developing interactivist-constructivist understanding of the functional capacities of biological organisms as a useful naturalistic platform for constructing such higher order capacities as reason and cognition. Further, both the framework and model are marked by the finitude and fallibility (...)
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  22.  57
    Paul McNamara (1995). The Confinement Problem: How to Terminate Your Mom with Her Trust. Analysis 55 (4):310 - 313.
    Cliff Landesman provides a vivid description of a case where we have no best outcome available to us. He poses this as a problem for utilitarians who advise us to do the best we can. This does indeed make such advice impractical. I begin by contrasting older versions of utilitarianism with newer ones that have appeared in deontic logic and that were designed precisely to accommodate Landesman's sort of scenario. (I cast matters in terms of the Limit Assumption and (...)
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  23. Pim Haselager, A. de Groot & H. van Rappard (2003). Representationalism Vs. Anti-Representationalism: A Debate for the Sake of Appearance. Philosophical Psychology 16 (1):5-23.
    In recent years the cognitive science community has witnessed the rise of a new, dynamical approach to cognition. This approach entails a framework in which cognition and behavior are taken to result from complex dynamical interactions between brain, body, and environment. The advent of the dynamical approach is grounded in a dissatisfaction with the classical computational view of cognition. A particularly strong claim has been that cognitive systems do not rely on internal representations and computations. Focusing on this claim, we (...)
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  24.  56
    Cliff Getty Mcmahon (1996). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal of Aesthetics 36 (1):415-417.
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  25.  28
    Cliff Goddard (1998/2011). Semantic Analysis: A Practical Introduction. Oxford University Press.
    Semantic Analysis is a lively and clearly written introduction to the study of meaning in language and to the language-culture connection. Goddard covers traditional and contemporary issues and approaches with the relationship between semantics, conceptualization, and culture as a key theme. He also details a number of case studies that draw on a wide range of material from non-Indo-European languages, particularly Australian Aboriginal languages and Malay, on which the author is an authority.
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  26.  21
    Cliff Joslyn (1995). Semantic Control Systems. World Futures 45 (1):87-123.
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  27.  12
    Cliff Hooker, Introduction to Philosophy of Complex Systems: A: Part A: Towards a Framework for Complex Systems.
    Every essay in this book is original, often highly original, and they will be of interest to practising scientists as much as they will be to philosophers of science — not least because many of the essays are by leading scientists who are currently creating the emerging new complex systems paradigm. This is no accident. The impact of complex systems on science is a recent, ongoing and profound revolution. But with a few honourable exceptions, it has largely been ignored by (...)
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  28.  8
    Cliff Hooker (2013). On the Import of Constraints in Complex Dynamical Systems. Foundations of Science 18 (4):757-780.
    Complexity arises from interaction dynamics, but its forms are co-determined by the operative constraints within which the dynamics are expressed. The basic interaction dynamics underlying complex systems is mostly well understood. The formation and operation of constraints is often not, and oftener under appreciated. The attempt to reduce constraints to basic interaction fails in key cases. The overall aim of this paper is to highlight the key role played by constraints in shaping the field of complex systems. Following an introduction (...)
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  29.  13
    Stephen Earnest & Cliff Goodwin (1989). A Semiotic Study of a Performance Appraisal Interview as Perceived by People of Various Nationalities. Semiotics:367-372.
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  30.  81
    Daniel C. Dennett (1993). Living on the Edge. Inquiry 36 (1-2):135-59.
    In a survey of issues in philosophy of mind some years ago, I observed that "it is widely granted these days that dualism is not a serious view to contend with, but rather a cliff over which to push one's opponents." (Dennett, 1978, p.252) That was true enough, and I for one certainly didn't deplore the fact, but this rich array of essays tackling my book amply demonstrates that a cliff examined with care is better than a (...) ignored. And, as I have noted in my discussion of the blind spot and other gaps, you really can't perceive an edge unless you represent both sides of it. So one of the virtues of this gathering of essays is that it permits both friend and foe alike to take a good hard look at dualism, as represented by those who are tempted by it, those who can imagine no alternative to it, and those who, like me, still find it to be--in a word--hopeless. (shrink)
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  31.  17
    Cliff Hooker (2003). Science: Legendary, Academic – and Post-Academic? [REVIEW] Minerva 41 (1):71-81.
  32.  2
    Cliff Stagoll (1997). Ethical Issues in the Release of Animals From Captivity. BioScience 47 (2):115-119.
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  33.  8
    Cliff DuRand (2006). Making the World Safe for US. Radical Philosophy Today 3:143-147.
    In the roots of political culture in the USA, Tocqueville long ago noted with concern an individualism that could undercut needed structures of shared community. This individualism, argues the author, is one key feature of American culture that tends to empower military interventionism by empowering American elites to go their own way and pursue their own interests, without too much worry that they will be held accountable to more communitarian standards. Yet, American culture is not one-sided, and the author encourages (...)
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  34.  11
    Barry Hoffmaster & Cliff Hooker (2009). What Empirical Research Can Do for Bioethics. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (6):72-74.
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  35.  4
    Cliff G. Mcmahon (1998). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal of Aesthetics 38 (1):415-417.
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  36.  2
    Cliff Hooker, On Fundamental Implications of Systems and Synthetic Biology.
    Systems and synthetic biology promise to revolutionize our understanding of biology, blur the boundaries between the living and the engineered in a vital new bioengineering, and transform our daily relationship to the living world. Their emergence thus deserves to be understood in a wider intellectual perspective. Close attention to their relationship to the larger scientific intellectual frameworks within which they function reveals that systems and synthetic biology raise fundamental challenges to scientific orthodoxy, but stand in the vanguard of an emerging (...)
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  37.  3
    Barry Hoffmaster & Cliff Hooker (2009). What Reason Can Do for Clinical Moral Perception. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (10):29-31.
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  38.  6
    Cliff Goodwin (1987). The Communication of Managerial Values to New Employees During an Orientation Program. Semiotics:437-445.
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  39.  31
    Cliff Hooker (1987). Book Review:The Quantum and Beyond W. M. Honig. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 54 (4):611-.
  40. Adam Johnson, Andre A. Fenton, Cliff Kentros & A. David Redish (2009). Looking for Cognition in the Structure Within the Noise. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (2):55-64.
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  41.  56
    Cliff G. McMahon (2003). The Sign System in Chinese Landscape Paintings. Journal of Aesthetic Education 37 (1):64-76.
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  42.  12
    Cliff DuRand (1986). The Reconstitution of Private Property in the People's Republic of China: John Locke Revisited. Social Theory and Practice 12 (3):337-350.
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  43.  5
    Cliff Durand (2001). Cuban Democracy: Arnold August's Democracy in Cuba and the 1997-1998 Elections and Peter Roman, People's Power. Radical Philosophy Review 4 (1/2):272-276.
  44.  17
    Cliff A. Hooker (1975). The Information-Processing Approach to the Brain-Mind and its Philosophical Ramifications. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 36 (September):1-15.
  45.  46
    Cliff A. Hooker (2006). Reduction as Cognitive Strategy. In Brian L. Keeley (ed.), Paul Churchland. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
  46.  10
    Cliff A. Hooker (1973). Empiricism, Perception and Conceptual Change. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 3 (September):59-74.
  47.  9
    Ronald H. McKinney (1992). Towards a Postmodern Ethics: Sir Isaiah Berlin and John Caputo. [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 26 (3):395-407.
    It may seem to their opponents that they are trying to have their cake and eat it too. Postmodernists admit that their own paradigm must be and will be placed into question by future thinkers. But if they can anticipate an eventual reaffirmation of their paradoxical stand in an ongoing oscillating debate, then cannot it be said that they have arrived at a truth that transcends their time and place in history? And, if so, is not their fallibilist stance in (...)
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  48.  35
    Gualtiero Piccinini (2007). Allen Newell. In Noretta Koertge (ed.), New Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Thomson Gale
    Newell was a founder of artificial intelligence and a pioneer in the use of computer simulations in psychology. In collaboration with J. Cliff Shaw and Herbert A. Simon, Newell developed the first list-processing programming language as well as the earliest computer programs for simulating human problem solving. Over a long and prolific career, he contributed to many techniques, such as protocol analysis and heuristic search, that are now part of psychology and computer science. Colleagues remembered Newell for his deep (...)
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  49.  9
    Cliff Hooker (2013). Georg Simmel and Naturalist Interactivist Epistemology of Science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (3):311-317.
    In 1895 sociologist and philosopher Georg Simmel published a paper: ‘On a connection of selection theory to epistemology’. It was focussed on the question of how behavioural success and the evolution of the cognitive capacities that underlie it are to be related to knowing and truth. Subsequently, Simmel’s ideas were largely lost, but recently an English translation was published by Coleman in this journal. While Coleman’s contextual remarks are solely concerned with a preceding evolutionary epistemology, it will be argued here (...)
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  50.  12
    Cliff Landesman (1995). When to Terminate a Charitable Trust? Analysis 55 (1):12 - 13.
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