Search results for 'Cognition Philosophy' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Eric Arnau, Anna Estany, Rafael González del Solar & Thomas Sturm (2014). The Extended Cognition Thesis: Its Significance for the Philosophy of (Cognitive) Science. Philosophical Psychology 27 (1):1-18.score: 192.0
    While the extended cognition (EC) thesis has gained more followers in cognitive science and in the philosophy of mind and knowledge, our main goal is to discuss a different area of significance of the EC thesis: its relation to philosophy of science. In this introduction, we outline two major areas: (I) The role of the thesis for issues in the philosophy of cognitive science, such as: How do notions of EC figure in theories or research programs (...)
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  2. Athanassios Raftopoulos (2009). Cognition and Perception: How Do Psychology and Neural Science Inform Philosophy? Mit Press.score: 170.0
    An argument that there are perceptual mechanisms that retrieve information in cognitively and conceptually unmediated ways and that this sheds light on various ...
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  3. Andrew Brook & Kathleen Akins (eds.) (2005). Cognition and the Brain: The Philosophy and Neuroscience Movement. Cambridge University Press.score: 156.0
    This volume provides an up to date and comprehensive overview of the philosophy and neuroscience movement, which applies the methods of neuroscience to traditional philosophical problems and uses philosophical methods to illuminate issues in neuroscience. At the heart of the movement is the conviction that basic questions about human cognition, many of which have been studied for millennia, can be answered only by a philosophically sophisticated grasp of neuroscience's insights into the processing of information by the human brain. (...)
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  4. David Braddon-Mitchell (2007). The Philosophy of Mind and Cognition. Blackwell Pub..score: 156.0
    David Braddon-Mitchell and Frank Jackson’s popular introduction to philosophy of mind and cognition is now available in a fully revised and updated edition. Ensures that the most recent developments in the philosophy of mind and cognitive science are brought together into a coherent, accessible whole. Revisions respond to feedback from students and teachers and make the volume even more useful for courses. New material includes: a section on Descartes’ famous objection to materialism; extended treatment of connectionism; coverage (...)
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  5. Matthew J. Brown (2011). Science as Socially Distributed Cognition: Bridging Philosophy and Sociology of Science. In Karen François, Benedikt Löwe, Thomas Müller & Bart van Kerkhove (eds.), Foundations of the Formal Sciences VII, Studies in Logic. College Publications.score: 156.0
    I want to make plausible the following claim:Analyzing scientific inquiry as a species of socially distributed cognition has a variety of advantages for science studies, among them the prospects of bringing together philosophy and sociology of science. This is not a particularly novel claim, but one that faces major obstacles. I will retrace some of the major steps that have been made in the pursuit of a distributed cognition approach to science studies, paying special attention to the (...)
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  6. Gary C. Hatfield (2009). Perception and Cognition: Essays in the Philosophy of Psychology. Oxford University Press.score: 156.0
    Representation and content in some (actual) theories of perception -- Representation in perception and cognition : task analysis, psychological functions, and rule instantiation -- Perception as unconscious inference -- Representation and constraints : the inverse problem and the structure of visual space -- On perceptual constancy -- Getting objects for free (or not) : the philosophy and psychology of object perception -- Color perception and neural encoding : does metameric matching entail a loss of information? -- Objectivity and (...)
     
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  7. Theodore Bach (2012). Analogical Cognition: Applications in Epistemology and the Philosophy of Mind and Language. Philosophy Compass 7 (5):348-360.score: 150.0
    Analogical cognition refers to the ability to detect, process, and learn from relational similarities. The study of analogical and similarity cognition is widely considered one of the ‘success stories’ of cognitive science, exhibiting convergence across many disciplines on foundational questions. Given the centrality of analogy to mind and knowledge, it would benefit philosophers investigating topics in epistemology and the philosophies of mind and language to become familiar with empirical models of analogical cognition. The goal of this essay (...)
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  8. Amit Chaturvedi (2014). Perceiving Reality: Consciousness, Intentionality, and Cognition in Buddhist Philosophy by Christian Coseru (Review). Philosophy East and West 64 (2):506-513.score: 150.0
    In Perceiving Reality: Consciousness, Intentionality, and Cognition in Buddhist Philosophy, Christian Coseru makes the innovative and ambitious argument that the project of Indian Buddhist epistemology, as represented by thinkers in the Yogācāra tradition of Dignāga and Dharmakīrti, is continuous in many of its methods and conclusions with the phenomenological theories of Edmund Husserl and Maurice Merleau-Ponty, as well as with recent naturalistic approaches in epistemology and the philosophy of mind. In Coseru’s reading, Buddhism shares with phenomenology the (...)
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  9. Gyula Klima (2015). Intentionality, Cognition and Mental Representation in Medieval Philosophy. Fordham University Press.score: 144.0
    It is supposed to be common knowledge about the history of ideas that one of the few medieval philosophical contributions preserved in modern philosophical thought is the idea that mental phenomena are distinguished from physical phenomena by their intentionality, their directedness toward some object. As is usually the case with such commonplaces about the history of ideas, this claim is not quite true. Medieval philosophers routinely described ordinary physical phenomena, such as reflections in mirrors or sounds in the air, as (...)
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  10. Rebecca Kukla (ed.) (2006). Aesthetics and Cognition in Kant's Critical Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.score: 144.0
    This volume explores the relationship between Kant's aesthetic theory and his critical epistemology as articulated in the Critique of Pure Reason and the Critique of the Power of Judgment. The essays, written specially for this volume, revise our understanding of core elements of Kant's epistemology, such as his notions of discursive understanding, experience, and objective judgment. They also demonstrate a rich grasp of Kant's critical epistemology that enables a deeper understanding of his aesthetics. Collectively, the essays reveal that Kant's critical (...)
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  11. Christian Coseru (2012). Perceiving Reality: Consciousness, Intentionality, and Cognition in Buddhist Philosophy. Oxford University Press.score: 144.0
    What turns the continuous flow of experience into perceptually distinct objects? Can our verbal descriptions unambiguously capture what it is like to see, hear, or feel? How might we reason about the testimony that perception alone discloses? Christian Coseru proposes a rigorous and highly original way to answer these questions by developing a framework for understanding perception as a mode of apprehension that is intentionally constituted, pragmatically oriented, and causally effective. By engaging with recent discussions in phenomenology and analytic (...) of mind, but also by drawing on the work of Husserl and Merleau-Ponty, Coseru offers a sustained argument that Buddhist philosophers, in particular those who follow the tradition of inquiry initiated by Dign?ga and Dharmak?rti, have much to offer when it comes to explaining why epistemological disputes about the evidential role of perceptual experience cannot satisfactorily be resolved without taking into account the structure of our cognitive awareness. -/- Perceiving Reality examines the function of perception and its relation to attention, language, and discursive thought, and provides new ways of conceptualizing the Buddhist defense of the reflexivity thesis of consciousness-namely, that each cognitive event is to be understood as involving a pre-reflective implicit awareness of its own occurrence. Coseru advances an innovative approach to Buddhist philosophy of mind in the form of phenomenological naturalism, and moves beyond comparative approaches to philosophy by emphasizing the continuity of concerns between Buddhist and Western philosophical accounts of the nature of perceptual content and the character of perceptual consciousness. (shrink)
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  12. Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk (ed.) (1998). Lexical Semantics Cognition and Philosophy. Łódź University Press.score: 144.0
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  13. Kristin Andrews (2014). The Animal Mind: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Animal Cognition. Routledge.score: 144.0
    The study of animal cognition raises profound questions about the minds of animals and philosophy of mind itself. Aristotle argued that humans are the only animal to laugh, but in recent experiments rats have also been shown to laugh. In other experiments, dogs have been shown to respond appropriately to over two hundred words in human language. In this introduction to the philosophy of animal minds Kristin Andrews introduces and assesses the essential topics, problems and debates as (...)
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  14. Hannes Leitgeb (2004). Inference on the Low Level: An Investigation Into Deduction, Nonmonotonic Reasoning, and the Philosophy of Cognition. Kluwer Academic Publishers.score: 134.0
    This monograph provides a new account of justified inference as a cognitive process. In contrast to the prevailing tradition in epistemology, the focus is on low-level inferences, i.e., those inferences that we are usually not consciously aware of and that we share with the cat nearby which infers that the bird which she sees picking grains from the dirt, is able to fly. Presumably, such inferences are not generated by explicit logical reasoning, but logical methods can be used to describe (...)
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  15. Marco Van Leeuwen (2005). Questions for the Dynamicist: The Use of Dynamical Systems Theory in the Philosophy of Cognition. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 15 (3-4):271-333.score: 134.0
    The concepts and powerful mathematical tools of Dynamical Systems Theory (DST) yield illuminating methods of studying cognitive processes, and are even claimed by some to enable us to bridge the notorious explanatory gap separating mind and matter. This article includes an analysis of some of the conceptual and empirical progress Dynamical Systems Theory is claimed to accomodate. While sympathetic to the dynamicist program in principle, this article will attempt to formulate a series of problems the proponents of the approach in (...)
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  16. Sara Heinämaa (1999). Merleau-Ponty's Modification of Phenomenology: Cognition, Passion and Philosophy. Synthese 118 (1):49-68.score: 132.0
    This paper problematizes the analogy that Hubert Dreyfus has presented between phenomenology and cognitive science. It argues that Dreyfus presents Merleau-Ponty''s modification of Husserl''s phenomenology in a misleading way. He ignores the idea of philosophy as a radical interrogation and self-responsibility that stems from Husserl''s work and recurs in Merleau-Ponty''s Phenomenology of Perception. The paper focuses on Merleau-Ponty''s understanding of the phenomenological reduction. It shows that his critical idea was not to restrict the scope of Husserl''s reductions but to (...)
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  17. Theo A. F. Kuipers (2005). Structures in Scientific Cognition: A Synopsis of Structures in Science. Heuristic Patterns Based on Cognitive Structures. An Advanced Textbook in Neo-Classical Philosophy of Science. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 84 (1):23-92.score: 132.0
    The philosophy of science has lost its self-confidence. Structures in Science (2001) is an advanced textbook that explicates, updates and integrates the best insights of logical empiricism and its main critics. This "neo-classical approach" aims at providing heuristic patterns for research.The book introduces four ideal types of research programs (descriptive, explanatory, design and explicative) and reanimates the distinction between observational laws and proper theories without assuming a theory-free language. It explicates various patterns of explanation by subsumption and specification as (...)
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  18. Ari Peuhu (1995). Philosophy of Science of Cognition. Acta Philosophica Fennica 58:363-381.score: 132.0
    The main aim of the paper is to defend (the possibility of) reductionism in the neuroscience--cognitive science case. This is done in three steps. First an ontological and methodological picture is presented which acknowledges the level structure of reality but claims that because every higher level is evolutionarily preceded by the lower level(s), reductionism is as viable strategy as anything else. Secondly, a direct challenge to the two popular doctrines, namely emergentism and supervenience, is presented, the point being that we (...)
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  19. Margaret Wilson (2004). Six Views of Embodied Cognition Http://Philosophy.Wisc.Edu/Shapiro/PHIL951/951articles/Wilson.Htm. Cognition 9 (4):1-19.score: 132.0
    The emerging viewpoint of embodied cognition holds that cognitive processes are deeply rooted in the body's interactions with the world. This position actually houses a number of distinct claims, some of which are more controversial than others. This paper distinguishes and evaluates the following six claims: (1) cognition is situated; (2) cognition is time-pressured; (3) we off-load cognitive work onto the environment; (4) the environment is part of the cognitive system; (5) cognition is for action; (6) (...)
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  20. Shushan Cai (2007). Yu Yan, Luo Ji Yu Ren Zhi: Yu Yan Luo Ji He Yu Yan Zhe Xue Lun Ji = Language, Logic and Cognition: An Essay in Language, Logic and Philosophy. Qing Hua da Xue Chu Ban She.score: 132.0
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  21. Rodica Croitoru (ed.) (1995). The Critical Philosophy and the Function of Cognition: Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposion [Sic] of the Romanian Kant Society, 19-21 September 1995, Bucharest. [REVIEW] Diogene.score: 132.0
     
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  22. Sten Ebbesen & Russell L. Friedman (eds.) (1999). Medieval Analyses in Language and Cognition: Acts of the Symposium, the Copenhagen School of Medieval Philosophy, January 10-13, 1996 Organized by the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters and the Institute for Greek and Latin, University of Copenhagen. [REVIEW] Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters.score: 132.0
  23. David W. Hamlyn (1990). In and Out of the Black Box: On the Philosophy of Cognition. Cambridge: Blackwell.score: 132.0
  24. Debasis Patnaik (forthcoming). Theorizing Change in Artificial Intelligence: Inductivising Philosophy From Economic Cognition Processes. [REVIEW] AI and Society:1-9.score: 130.0
    Economic value additions to knowledge and demand provide practical, embedded and extensible meaning to philosophizing cognitive systems. Evaluation of a cognitive system is an empirical matter. Thinking of science in terms of distributed cognition (interactionism) enlarges the domain of cognition. Anything that actually contributes to the specific quality of output of a cognitive system is part of the system in time and/or space. Cognitive science studies behaviour and knowledge structures of experts and categorized structures based on underlying structures. (...)
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  25. K. Brad Wray (2007). The Cognition Dimension of Theory Change in Kuhn's Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 38 (3):610-613.score: 128.0
    This is an essay review of Andersen, Barker and Chen's The Cognitive Structure of Scientific Revolutions.
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  26. Don Garrett (1997). Cognition and Commitment in Hume's Philosophy. Oxford University Press.score: 126.0
    It is widely believed that Hume often wrote carelessly and contradicted himself, and that no unified, sound philosophy emerges from his writings. Don Garrett demonstrates that such criticisms of Hume are without basis. Offering fresh and trenchant solutions to longstanding problems in Hume studies, Garrett's penetrating analysis also makes clear the continuing relevance of Hume's philosophy.
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  27. Fiona Hughes (2009). Review: Kukla, Aesthetics and Cognition in Kant's Critical Philosophy. [REVIEW] European Journal of Philosophy 17 (3):455-460.score: 126.0
  28. Marcus Verhaegh (2007). Aesthetics and Cognition in Kant's Critical Philosophy. Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (2):336-337.score: 126.0
  29. Don Garrett (2001). Précis of Cognition and Commitment in Hume's Philosophy. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (1):185–189.score: 126.0
  30. T. Corbishley (1949). Franciscan Institute Publications; Philosophy Series: The Franciscan Institute, St. Bonaventure, N.Y.: The Tractatus de Successivis, Attributed to William of Ockham.Franciscan Institute Publications; Philosophy Series: The Franciscan Institute, St. Bonaventure, N.Y.: The Tractatus de Praedestinatione Et de Praescientia Dei Et de Futuris Contingentibus, Edited by Philotheus Boehner, O.F.M.Franciscan Institute Publications; Philosophy Series: The Franciscan Institute, St. Bonaventure, N.Y.: The Transcendentals and Their Function in the Metaphysics of Duns Scotus, by Allan B. Wolter, O.F.M., Ph.D.Franciscan Institute Publications; Philosophy Series: The Franciscan Institute, St. Bonaventure, N.Y.: Intuitive Cognition, A Key to the Significance of the Later Scholastics, by Sebastian J. Day, O.F.M., Ph.D. [REVIEW] Philosophy 24 (90):274-.score: 126.0
  31. Gerhard Schurz (2007). Hannes Leitgeb, Inference on the Low Level: An Investigation Into Deduction, Nonmonotonic Reasoning, and the Philosophy of Cognition. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 38 (2):393-395.score: 126.0
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  32. Anna Kanik (1998). On the Concept of a Subject of Cognition in Ajdukiewicz's Philosophy. In. In Katarzyna Kijania-Placek & Jan Woleński (eds.), The Lvov-Warsaw School and Contemporary Philosophy. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 319--322.score: 126.0
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  33. David Theodore (2010). Was Kekule's Mind Brainbound? The Historiography of Chemistry and the Philosophy of Extended Cognition.". Spontaneous Generations 3 (1):158-177.score: 126.0
    This article examines the revisionist role that current debates and philosophical positions on extended cognition might play for the historian of science, and uses as its case study August Kekulé’s formulation of the benzene molecule’s structure, including the dreams that Kekulé reported as the origin of his model. It builds on the notion of engaging philosophical positions through the historiography of nineteenth-century chemistry, but also examines some of the implications of the history of science for extended cognition. While (...)
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  34. Timothy M. Costelloe (2000). Cognition and Commitment in Hume's Philosophy (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 38 (3):441-442.score: 126.0
  35. D. E. Bradshaw (1998). Meaning, Cognition, and the Philosophy of Thought. Journal of Philosophical Research 23:51-80.score: 126.0
    Michael Dummett has claimed that analytic philosophy is distinguished from other schools in its belief that a comprehensive philosophical account of thought can only be attained by developing a philosophical account of language. Dummett himself argues persuasively for the priority-of-Ianguage thesis. This, in effect, metaphilosophical position is of special importance for his more straightforwardly philosophical views, for he holds that philosophical investigations of the concepts of objectivity and reality grow directly out of the philosophy of thought. But I (...)
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  36. Matthew Elton (1993). J. Ezquerro and J. M. Larrazabal (Eds): Cognition, Semantics, and Philosophy: Proceedings of the First International Colloquium on Cognitive Science. [REVIEW] Pragmatics and Cognition 1 (2):389-399.score: 126.0
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  37. G. S. Bowe (2005). Nicholas Rescher, Cosmos and Cognition: Studies in Greek Philosophy Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 25 (6):431-433.score: 126.0
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  38. Harold A. Durfee (1987). Freedom and Cognition in Recent American Philosophy. Tulane Studies in Philosophy 35:43-49.score: 126.0
  39. Helmut Echternach (1981). System of Philosophy III/5. Cognition. Philosophy and History 14 (1):48-49.score: 126.0
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  40. William Lyons (1999). The Philosophy of Cognition and Emotion. In Tim Dalgleish & M. J. Powers (eds.), Handbook of Cognition and Emotion. Wiley. 21--44.score: 126.0
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  41. Christopher Viger (2010). Andrew Brook and Kathleen Akins, Eds. Cognition and the Brain: The Philosophy and Neuroscience Movement Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 28 (3):173-176.score: 126.0
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  42. Karel Boullart (1989). On the Essential Difference Between Science, Art and Philosophy, or Philosophy as the Literature of Necessity in Cognition and Literature. Communication and Cognition. Monographies 22 (3-4):285-301.score: 126.0
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  43. D. Garrett (2001). Replies to Reviews Of'Cognition and Commitment in Hume's Philosophy'. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (1):205-215.score: 126.0
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  44. Gert König (1972). Problems of Cognition in the Natural Sciences. Introductory Texts to the Philosophy of Science. Philosophy and History 5 (1):35-35.score: 126.0
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  45. W. Markiewicz & T. Schnelle (1986). Ludwik Fleck and the Philosophy of Lwow in Cognition and Fact. Materials on Ludwik Fleck. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 87:223-265.score: 126.0
     
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  46. Peter Michielsen (1989). Philosophy and Literature. Their Relationship in the Works of Paul de Man in Cognition and Literature. Communication and Cognition. Monographies 22 (3-4):277-284.score: 126.0
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  47. Zoe Drayson (2011). Cognition and Perception: How Do Psychology and Neuroscience Inform Philosophy? [REVIEW] Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (7-8):242-249.score: 120.0
  48. David Braddon-Mitchell & Frank Jackson (1997). Philosophy of Mind and Cognition. Blackwell.score: 120.0
    Blackwell, 2006 Review by Daniel Whiting, Ph.D. on Apr 3rd 2007 Volume: 11, Number: 14.
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  49. Lutz Antoine, A. Thompson E., Lutz & D. Cosmelli, Neurophenomenology: An Introduction for Neurophilosophers in Cognition and the Brain : The Philosophy and Neuroscience Movement.score: 120.0
  50. Robert A. Wilson & Lucia Foglia (2011). Embodied Cognition. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 120.0
    Cognition is embodied when it is deeply dependent upon features of the physical body of an agent, that is, when aspects of the agent's body beyond the brain play a significant causal or physically constitutive role in cognitive processing. In general, dominant views in the philosophy of mind and cognitive science have considered the body as peripheral to understanding the nature of mind and cognition. Proponents of embodied cognitive science view this as a serious mistake. Sometimes the (...)
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