Search results for 'Cognition in animals' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Peter Carruthers (2007). Meta-Cognition in Animals: A Skeptical Look. Mind and Language 22 (1):58–89.score: 501.0
    This paper examines the recent literature on meta-cognitive processes in non-human animals, arguing that in each case the data admit of a simpler, purely first-order, explanation. The topics discussed include the alleged monitoring of states of certainty and uncertainty, the capacity to know whether or not one has perceived something, and the capacity to know whether or not the information needed to solve some problem is stored in memory. The first-order explanations advanced all assume that beliefs and desires come (...)
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  2. Peter Carruthers (2008). Meta-Cognition in Animals: A Skeptical Look. Mind and Language 23 (1):58–89.score: 501.0
    This paper examines the recent literature on meta-cognitive processes in non-human animals, arguing that in each case the data admit of a simpler, purely first-order, explanation. The topics discussed include the alleged monitoring of states of certainty and uncertainty, knowledge-seeking behavior in conditions of uncertainty, and the capacity to know whether or not the information needed to solve some problem is stored in memory. The first-order explanations advanced all assume that beliefs and desires come in various different strengths, or (...)
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  3. David McFarland (1991). Defining Motivation and Cognition in Animals. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 5 (2):153 – 170.score: 492.0
    Abstract Motivation in an automaton, whether it be artificial or animate, is simply that aspect of the total state that determines the behaviour. In an autonomous agent, which has a degree of self?control, the motivational state includes a cognitive evaluation of the likely consequences of possible future behaviour. Such evaluation implies optimization with respect to some motivational criterion.
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  4. Gary E. Varner (2012). Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare's Two Level Utilitarianism. Oup Usa.score: 471.0
    Drawing heavily on recent empirical research to update R.M. Hare's two-level utilitarianism and expand Hare's treatment of "intuitive level rules," Gary Varner considers in detail the theory's application to animals while arguing that Hare should have recognized a hierarchy of persons, near-persons, & the merely sentient.
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  5. Dario Maestripieri (2001). Comparing Cognition in Animals, and Researchers. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (10):452-453.score: 468.0
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  6. J. E. R. Staddon (1981). Cognition in Animals: Learning as Program Assembly. Cognition 10 (1-3):287-294.score: 459.0
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  7. Lynn Nadel (1982). Some Thoughts on the Proper Foundations for the Study of Cognition in Animals. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (3):383.score: 450.0
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  8. R. Cook (1991). The Experimental-Analysis of Cognition in Animals. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (6):512-512.score: 450.0
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  9. Brian Berkey (2012). Review of Gary E. Varner, Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare's Two-Level Utilitarianism. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.score: 435.0
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  10. C. A. Ristau (1983). Language, Cognition, and Awareness in Animals? Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 406:170-86.score: 435.0
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  11. K. Andrews (2014). Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare's Two-Level Utilitarianism, by Gary E. Varner * The Philosophy of Animal Minds, Edited by Robert W. Lurz. Mind 123 (491):959-966.score: 435.0
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  12. Robin Attfield & Rebekah Humphreys (2013). Personhood, Ethics and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare's Two-Level Utilitarianism. By Varner. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2012, Pp. Xiv + 317. ISBN: 978-0199758784. [REVIEW] Philosophy 88 (3):493-498.score: 435.0
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  13. D. A. Oakley (1985). Cognition and Imagery in Animals. In David A. Oakley (ed.), Brain and Mind. Methuen. 99--131.score: 435.0
     
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  14. Tal Scriven (2012). Review of Gary E. Varner's< Em> Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare's Two-Level Utilitarianism. [REVIEW] Between the Species 16 (1):13.score: 435.0
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  15. Stephen Thomas Newmyer (2006). Animals, Rights, and Reason in Plutarch and Modern Ethics. Routledge.score: 396.0
    Plutarch is virtually unique in surviving classical authors in arguing that animals are rational and sentient, and in concluding that human beings must take notice of their interests. Stephen Newmyer explores Plutarch's three animal-related treatises, as well as passages from his other ethical treatises, which argue that non-human animals are rational and therefore deserve to fall within the sphere of human moral concern. Newmyer shows that some of the arguments Plutarch raises strikingly foreshadow those found in the works (...)
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  16. Jacques Gervet, Alain Gallo, Raphael Chalmeau & Muriel Soleilhavoup (1996). Some Prerequisites for a Study of the Evolution of Cognition in the Animal Kingdom. Acta Biotheoretica 44 (1).score: 372.0
    A distinction is made between two definitions of animal cognition: the one most frequently employed in cognitive sciences considers cognition as extracting and processing information; a more phenomenologically inspired model considers it as attributing to a form of the outside world a significance, linked to the state of the animal. The respective fields of validity of these two models are discussed along with the limitations they entail, and the questions they pose to evolutionary biologists are emphasized. This is (...)
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  17. [deleted]Erin E. Hecht, Richard Patterson & Aron K. Barbey (2012). What Can Other Animals Tell Us About Human Social Cognition? An Evolutionary Perspective on Reflective and Reflexive Processing. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 348.0
    Human neuroscience has seen a recent boom in studies on reflective, controlled, explicit social cognitive functions like imitation, perspective‐taking, and empathy. The relationship of these higher‐level functions to lower‐level, reflexive, automatic, implicit functions is an area of current research. As the field continues to address this relationship, we suggest that an evolutionary, comparative approach will be useful, even essential. There is a large body of research on reflexive, automatic, implicit processes in animals. A growing perspective sees social cognitive processes (...)
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  18. [deleted]A. K. Barbey E. E. Hecht, R. Patterson (2012). What Can Other Animals Tell Us About Human Social Cognition? An Evolutionary Perspective on Reflective and Reflexive Processing. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 348.0
    Human neuroscience has seen a recent boom in studies on reflective, controlled, explicit social cognitive functions like imitation, perspective‐taking, and empathy. The relationship of these higher‐level functions to lower‐level, reflexive, automatic, implicit functions is an area of current research. As the field continues to address this relationship, we suggest that an evolutionary, comparative approach will be useful, even essential. There is a large body of research on reflexive, automatic, implicit processes in animals. A growing perspective sees social cognitive processes (...)
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  19. Melanie Boly, Anil K. Seth, Melanie Wilke, Paul Ingmundson, Bernard Baars, Steven Laureys, David Edelman & Naotsugu Tsuchiya (2013). Consciousness in Humans and Non-Human Animals: Recent Advances and Future Directions. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 342.0
    This joint article reflects the authors’ personal views regarding noteworthy advances in the neuroscience of consciousness in the last ten years, and suggests what we feel may be promising future directions. It is based on a small conference at the Samoset Resort in Rockport, Maine, USA, in July of 2012, organized by the Mind Science Foundation of San Antonio, Texas. Here, we summarize recent advances in our understanding of subjectivity in humans and other animals, including empirical, applied, technical and (...)
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  20. Elske Vaart & Charlotte K. Hemelrijk (2012). 'Theory of Mind' in Animals: Ways to Make Progress. Synthese (3):1-20.score: 333.0
    Whether any non-human animal can attribute mental states to others remains the subject of extensive debate. This despite the fact that several species have behaved as if they have a ‘theory of mind’ in various behavioral tasks. In this paper, we review the reasons of skeptics for their doubts: That existing experimental setups cannot distinguish between ‘mind readers’ and ‘behavior readers’, that results that seem to indicate ‘theory of mind’ may come from studies that are insufficiently controlled, and that our (...)
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  21. Elske van der Vaart & Charlotte K. Hemelrijk (2012). 'Theory of Mind' in Animals: Ways to Make Progress. Synthese 191 (3):1-20.score: 333.0
    Whether any non-human animal can attribute mental states to others remains the subject of extensive debate. This despite the fact that several species have behaved as if they have a ‘theory of mind’ in various behavioral tasks. In this paper, we review the reasons of skeptics for their doubts: That existing experimental setups cannot distinguish between ‘mind readers’ and ‘behavior readers’, that results that seem to indicate ‘theory of mind’ may come from studies that are insufficiently controlled, and that our (...)
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  22. Helena Telkänranta (2009). Conditioning or Cognition? Understanding Interspecific Communication as a Way of Improving Animal Training (a Case Study with Elephants in Nepal). Sign Systems Studies 37 (3-4):542-555.score: 308.0
    When animals are trained to function in a human society (for example, pet dogs, police dogs, or sports horses), different trainers and training cultures vary widely in their ability to understand how the animal perceives the communication efforts of the trainer. This variation has considerable impact on the resulting performance and welfare of the animals. There are many trainers who frequently resort to physical punishment or other pain-inflicting methods when the attempts to communicate have failed or when the (...)
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  23. Mario Pahl, Aung Si & Shaowu Zhang (2013). Numerical Cognition in Bees and Other Insects. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 306.0
    The ability to perceive the number of objects has been known to exist in vertebrates for a few decades, but recent behavioral investigations have demonstrated that several invertebrate species can also be placed on the continuum of numerical abilities shared with birds, mammals and reptiles. In this review article, we present the main experimental studies that have examined the ability of insects to use numerical information. These studies have made use of a wide range of methodologies, and for this reason (...)
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  24. Marc Bekoff (2003). Consciousness and Self in Animals: Some Reflections. Zygon 38 (2):229-245.score: 297.0
    In this essay I argue that many nonhuman animal beings are conscious and have some sense of self. Rather than ask whether they are conscious, I adopt an evolutionary perspective and ask why consciousness and a sense of self evolved---what are they good for? Comparative studies of animal cognition, ethological investigations that explore what it is like to be a certain animal, are useful for answering this question. Charles Darwin argued that the differences in cognitive abilities and emotions among (...)
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  25. Manuel Bremer (2007). Methodologische Überlegungen zu tierischen Überzeugungen / Methodological Reflections on Exploring Beliefs in Animals. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 38 (2):347 - 355.score: 291.0
    A theory of the beliefs of non-human animals is not closed to us, only because we do not have beliefs of their kind. Starting from a theory of human beliefs and working on a building block model of propositional attitudes a theory of animal beliefs is viable. Such a theory is an example of the broader conception of a heterophenomenological approach to animal cognition. The theory aims at outlining the crucial differences between human and animal beliefs as well (...)
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  26. Victoria A. Braithwaite, Felicity Huntingford & Ruud den Bos (2013). Variation in Emotion and Cognition Among Fishes. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (1):7-23.score: 285.0
    Increasing public concern for the welfare of fish species that human beings use and exploit has highlighted the need for better understanding of the cognitive status of fish and of their ability to experience negative emotions such as pain and fear. Moreover, studying emotion and cognition in fish species broadens our scientific understanding of how emotion and cognition are represented in the central nervous system and what kind of role they play in the organization of behavior. For instance, (...)
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  27. Victoria A. Braithwaite, Felicity Huntingford & Ruud van den Bos (2013). Variation in Emotion and Cognition Among Fishes. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (1):7-23.score: 285.0
    Increasing public concern for the welfare of fish species that human beings use and exploit has highlighted the need for better understanding of the cognitive status of fish and of their ability to experience negative emotions such as pain and fear. Moreover, studying emotion and cognition in fish species broadens our scientific understanding of how emotion and cognition are represented in the central nervous system and what kind of role they play in the organization of behavior. For instance, (...)
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  28. Dan Demetriou (forthcoming). Fighting Fair: The Ecology of Honor in Humans and Animals. In Jonathan Crane (ed.), Beastly Morality. Columbia University Press.score: 279.0
    This essay distinguishes between honor-typical and authoritarian behavior in humans and animals. Whereas authoritarianism concerns hierarchies coordinated by control and obedience, honor concerns rankings of prestige determined by fair contests. Honor-typical behavior is identifiable in non-human species, and is to be expected in polygynous species with non-resource-based mating systems. This picture lends further support to an increasingly popular psychological theory that sees morality as constituted by a variety of moral systems. If moral cognition is pluralistic in this way, (...)
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  29. David Papineau, The Evolution of Means-End Cognition; Why Animals Cannot Think.score: 261.0
    Why is there a cognitive gulf between other animals and humans? Current fashion favours our greater understanding of Theory of Mind as an answer, and Language is another obvious candidate. But I think that analysis of the evolution of means-end cognitive mechanisms suggests that there may be a further significant difference: where animals will only perform those means which they (or their ancestors) have previously used as a route to some end, humans can employ observation to learn that (...)
     
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  30. Iain D. Couzin (2009). Collective Cognition in Animal Groups. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (1):36-43.score: 259.3
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  31. P. William Hughes (2013). Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition. Philosophical Psychology (2):1-4.score: 258.0
    (2013). Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition. Philosophical Psychology. ???aop.label???. doi: 10.1080/09515089.2012.732339.
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  32. J. Vauclair (1997). Mental States in Animals: Cognitive Ethology. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 1 (1):35-39.score: 254.3
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  33. Richard W. Byrne (2000). Animal Cognition in Nature, Edited by Russell P. Balda, Irene M. Pepperberg and Alan C. Kamil. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (2):73-73.score: 254.3
     
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  34. Hank Davis & Rachelle Pérusse (1988). Numerical Competence in Animals: Definitional Issues, Current Evidence, and a New Research Agenda. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (4):561.score: 246.0
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  35. J. David Smith (2005). Studies of Uncertainty Monitoring and Metacognition in Animals and Humans. In Herbert S. Terrace & Janet Metcalfe (eds.), The Missing Link in Cognition: Origins of Self-Reflective Consciousness. Oxford University Press.score: 246.0
     
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  36. William S. Maki (1990). Toward a Unification of Conditioning and Cognition in Animal Learning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (3):501-502.score: 243.3
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  37. G. Greenberg & E. Tobach (eds.) (1987). Cognition, Language, and Consciousness: Integrative Levels. Lawrence Erlbaum.score: 243.0
    "Each animal in its own psychological setting . . / 1 Gerard Piel Scientific American, New York TC Schneirla was more interested in questions than in ...
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  38. N. S. Clayton, J. Russell & A. Dickinson (2009). Are Animals Stuck in Time or Are They Chronesthetic Creatures? Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (1):59-71.score: 234.0
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  39. Marc Bekoff & Dale W. Jamieson (eds.) (1996). Readings in Animal Cognition. MIT Press.score: 232.0
    This collection of 24 readings is the first comprehensive treatment of important topics by leading figures in the rapidly growing interdisciplinary field of...
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  40. C. R. Gallistel (1990). Representations in Animal Cognition: An Introduction. Cognition 37 (1-2):1-22.score: 232.0
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  41. Francis Sansbury Annette Karmiloff-Smith, Hannah Broadbent, Emily K. Farran, Elena Longhi, Dean D'Souza, Kay Metcalfe, May Tassabehji, Rachel Wu, Atsushi Senju, Francesca Happé, Peter Turnpenny (2012). Social Cognition in Williams Syndrome: Genotype/Phenotype Insights From Partial Deletion Patients. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 227.3
    Identifying genotype-phenotype relations in human social cognition has been enhanced by the study of Williams syndrome (WS). Indeed, individuals with WS present with a particularly strong social drive, and researchers have sought to link deleted genes in the WS Critical Region (WSCR) of chromosome 7q11.23 to this unusual social profile. In this paper, we provide details of two case studies of children with partial genetic deletions in the WSCR: an 11-year-old female with a deletion of 24 of the 28 (...)
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  42. Teresa McCormack & Christoph Hoerl (2011). Tool Use, Planning and Future Thinking in Children and Animals. In Teresa McCormack, Christoph Hoerl & Stephen Butterfill (eds.), Tool use and causal cognition. Oxford University Press. 129.score: 225.0
    This chapter considers in what sense, if any, planning and future thinking is involved both in the sort of behaviour examined by McCarty et al. (1999) and in the sort of behaviour measured by researchers creating versions of Tulving's spoon test. It argues that mature human planning and future thinking involves a particular type of temporal cognition, and that there are reasons to be doubtful as to whether either of those two approaches actually assesses this type of cognition. (...)
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  43. Colin G. Beer (1999). Marc Bekoff and Dale Jamieson, Eds., Readings in Animal Cognition, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1996, XV + 379 Pp., $30.00 (Paper), ISBN 0-262-52208-X. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 9 (1):156-160.score: 225.0
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  44. Colin Allen & D. Jamison (eds.) (1996). Readings in Animal Cognition. MIT Press.score: 225.0
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  45. Jaak Panksepp (2005). Affective Consciousness: Core Emotional Feelings in Animals and Humans. Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):30-80.score: 219.0
  46. Magdalena M. Sauvage (2010). ROC in Animals: Uncovering the Neural Substrates of Recollection and Familiarity in Episodic Recognition Memory☆. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (3):816-828.score: 219.0
  47. R. Epstein (1987). Reflections on Thinking in Animals. In G. Greenberg & E. Tobach (eds.), Cognition, Language, and Consciousness: Integrative Levels. Lawrence Erlbaum. 19--29.score: 219.0
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  48. Richard Connor & Mann & Janet (2006). Social Cognition in the Wild: Machiavellian Dolphins? In Susan Hurley & Matthew Nudds (eds.), Rational Animals? Oup Oxford.score: 219.0
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  49. Sue Taylor Parker (1997). A General Model for the Adaptive Function of Self-Knowledge in Animals and Humans. Consciousness and Cognition 6 (1):75-86.score: 219.0
  50. L. J. Rogers (2003). RW Mitchell (Ed.). Pretending and Imagination in Animals and Children. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. T. Bowell & G. Kemp. Critical Thinking–A Concise Guide. London: Routledge. HJ Gensler. Introduction to Logic. London: Routledge. A. Thomson. Critical Reasoning–A Practical Introduction. London: Routledge. [REVIEW] Cognition 89:65-66.score: 219.0
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