Search results for 'Cognition in animals Congresses' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  54
    Peter Carruthers (2008). Meta-Cognition in Animals: A Skeptical Look. Mind and Language 23 (1):58–89.
    This paper examines the recent literature on meta-cognitive processes in non-human animals, arguing that in each case the data admit of a simpler, purely first-order, explanation. The topics discussed include the alleged monitoring of states of certainty and uncertainty, knowledge-seeking behavior in conditions of uncertainty, and the capacity to know whether or not the information needed to solve some problem is stored in memory. The first-order explanations advanced all assume that beliefs and desires come in various different strengths, or (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   24 citations  
  2. Peter Carruthers (2007). Meta-Cognition in Animals: A Skeptical Look. Mind and Language 22 (1):58–89.
    This paper examines the recent literature on meta-cognitive processes in non-human animals, arguing that in each case the data admit of a simpler, purely first-order, explanation. The topics discussed include the alleged monitoring of states of certainty and uncertainty, the capacity to know whether or not one has perceived something, and the capacity to know whether or not the information needed to solve some problem is stored in memory. The first-order explanations advanced all assume that beliefs and desires come (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   20 citations  
  3.  24
    G. Greenberg & E. Tobach (eds.) (1987). Cognition, Language, and Consciousness: Integrative Levels. Lawrence Erlbaum.
    "Each animal in its own psychological setting . . / 1 Gerard Piel Scientific American, New York TC Schneirla was more interested in questions than in ...
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4. Gary E. Varner (2012). Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare's Two Level Utilitarianism. OUP Usa.
    Drawing heavily on recent empirical research to update R.M. Hare's two-level utilitarianism and expand Hare's treatment of "intuitive level rules," Gary Varner considers in detail the theory's application to animals while arguing that Hare should have recognized a hierarchy of persons, near-persons, & the merely sentient.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  5.  23
    David McFarland (1991). Defining Motivation and Cognition in Animals. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 5 (2):153 – 170.
    Abstract Motivation in an automaton, whether it be artificial or animate, is simply that aspect of the total state that determines the behaviour. In an autonomous agent, which has a degree of self?control, the motivational state includes a cognitive evaluation of the likely consequences of possible future behaviour. Such evaluation implies optimization with respect to some motivational criterion.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  6.  5
    Dario Maestripieri (2001). Comparing Cognition in Animals, and Researchers. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (10):452-453.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7.  1
    J. E. R. Staddon (1981). Cognition in Animals: Learning as Program Assembly. Cognition 10 (1-3):287-294.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8.  2
    Lynn Nadel (1982). Some Thoughts on the Proper Foundations for the Study of Cognition in Animals. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (3):383.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   25 citations  
  9. R. Cook (1991). The Experimental-Analysis of Cognition in Animals. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (6):512-512.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10.  3
    Justin Moss (2015). Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare's Two-Level Utilitarianism. Ethics, Policy and Environment 18 (2):225-231.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11.  7
    K. Andrews (2014). Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare's Two-Level Utilitarianism, by Gary E. Varner * The Philosophy of Animal Minds, Edited by Robert W. Lurz. Mind 123 (491):959-966.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12.  14
    Brian Berkey (2012). Review of Gary E. Varner, Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare's Two-Level Utilitarianism. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13.  2
    Adam Kadlac (2015). Book Review: Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare’s Two-Level Utilitarianism, Written by Gary E. Varner. [REVIEW] Journal of Moral Philosophy 12 (2):247-250.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14.  2
    Robin Attfield & Rebekah Humphreys (2013). Personhood, Ethics and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare's Two-Level Utilitarianism. By Varner. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2012, Pp. Xiv + 317. ISBN: 978-0199758784. [REVIEW] Philosophy 88 (3):493-498.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15.  7
    C. A. Ristau (1983). Language, Cognition, and Awareness in Animals? Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 406:170-86.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16. D. A. Oakley (1985). Cognition and Imagery in Animals. In David A. Oakley (ed.), Brain and Mind. Methuen 99--131.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17. Tal Scriven (2012). Review of Gary E. Varner's< Em> Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare's Two-Level Utilitarianism. [REVIEW] Between the Species 16 (1):13.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18.  12
    Stephen Thomas Newmyer (2006). Animals, Rights, and Reason in Plutarch and Modern Ethics. Routledge.
    Plutarch is virtually unique in surviving classical authors in arguing that animals are rational and sentient, and in concluding that human beings must take notice of their interests. Stephen Newmyer explores Plutarch's three animal-related treatises, as well as passages from his other ethical treatises, which argue that non-human animals are rational and therefore deserve to fall within the sphere of human moral concern. Newmyer shows that some of the arguments Plutarch raises strikingly foreshadow those found in the works (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19.  11
    Elske van der Vaart & Charlotte K. Hemelrijk (2012). 'Theory of Mind' in Animals: Ways to Make Progress. Synthese 191 (3):1-20.
    Whether any non-human animal can attribute mental states to others remains the subject of extensive debate. This despite the fact that several species have behaved as if they have a ‘theory of mind’ in various behavioral tasks. In this paper, we review the reasons of skeptics for their doubts: That existing experimental setups cannot distinguish between ‘mind readers’ and ‘behavior readers’, that results that seem to indicate ‘theory of mind’ may come from studies that are insufficiently controlled, and that our (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  20.  13
    Elske Vaart & Charlotte K. Hemelrijk (2012). 'Theory of Mind' in Animals: Ways to Make Progress. Synthese (3):1-20.
    Whether any non-human animal can attribute mental states to others remains the subject of extensive debate. This despite the fact that several species have behaved as if they have a ‘theory of mind’ in various behavioral tasks. In this paper, we review the reasons of skeptics for their doubts: That existing experimental setups cannot distinguish between ‘mind readers’ and ‘behavior readers’, that results that seem to indicate ‘theory of mind’ may come from studies that are insufficiently controlled, and that our (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21. Marc Bekoff (2003). Consciousness and Self in Animals: Some Reflections. Zygon 38 (2):229-245.
    In this essay I argue that many nonhuman animal beings are conscious and have some sense of self. Rather than ask whether they are conscious, I adopt an evolutionary perspective and ask why consciousness and a sense of self evolved---what are they good for? Comparative studies of animal cognition, ethological investigations that explore what it is like to be a certain animal, are useful for answering this question. Charles Darwin argued that the differences in cognitive abilities and emotions among (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  22. Dan Demetriou (2015). Fighting Fair: The Ecology of Honor in Humans and Animals. In Jonathan Crane (ed.), Beastly Morality. Columbia University Press 123-154.
    This essay distinguishes between honor-typical and authoritarian behavior in humans and animals. Whereas authoritarianism concerns hierarchies coordinated by control and obedience, honor concerns rankings of prestige determined by fair contests. Honor-typical behavior is identifiable in non-human species, and is to be expected in polygynous species with non-resource-based mating systems. This picture lends further support to an increasingly popular psychological theory that sees morality as constituted by a variety of moral systems. If moral cognition is pluralistic in this (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  23.  10
    Victoria A. Braithwaite, Felicity Huntingford & Ruud den Bos (2013). Variation in Emotion and Cognition Among Fishes. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (1):7-23.
    Increasing public concern for the welfare of fish species that human beings use and exploit has highlighted the need for better understanding of the cognitive status of fish and of their ability to experience negative emotions such as pain and fear. Moreover, studying emotion and cognition in fish species broadens our scientific understanding of how emotion and cognition are represented in the central nervous system and what kind of role they play in the organization of behavior. For instance, (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  24.  11
    Jacques Gervet, Alain Gallo, Raphael Chalmeau & Muriel Soleilhavoup (1996). Some Prerequisites for a Study of the Evolution of Cognition in the Animal Kingdom. Acta Biotheoretica 44 (1):37-57.
    A distinction is made between two definitions of animal cognition: the one most frequently employed in cognitive sciences considers cognition as extracting and processing information; a more phenomenologically inspired model considers it as attributing to a form of the outside world a significance, linked to the state of the animal. The respective fields of validity of these two models are discussed along with the limitations they entail, and the questions they pose to evolutionary biologists are emphasized. This is (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25.  2
    Victoria A. Braithwaite, Felicity Huntingford & Ruud van den Bos (2013). Variation in Emotion and Cognition Among Fishes. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (1):7-23.
    Increasing public concern for the welfare of fish species that human beings use and exploit has highlighted the need for better understanding of the cognitive status of fish and of their ability to experience negative emotions such as pain and fear. Moreover, studying emotion and cognition in fish species broadens our scientific understanding of how emotion and cognition are represented in the central nervous system and what kind of role they play in the organization of behavior. For instance, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  26.  11
    Manuel Bremer (2007). Methodologische Überlegungen zu tierischen Überzeugungen / Methodological Reflections on Exploring Beliefs in Animals. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 38 (2):347 - 355.
    A theory of the beliefs of non-human animals is not closed to us, only because we do not have beliefs of their kind. Starting from a theory of human beliefs and working on a building block model of propositional attitudes a theory of animal beliefs is viable. Such a theory is an example of the broader conception of a heterophenomenological approach to animal cognition. The theory aims at outlining the crucial differences between human and animal beliefs as well (...)
    Translate
      Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27.  6
    Sofie Lachapelle & Jenna Healey (2010). On Hans, Zou and the Others: Wonder Animals and the Question of Animal Intelligence in Early Twentieth-Century France. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 41 (1):12-20.
    During the second half of the nineteenth century, the advent of widespread pet ownership was accompanied by claims of heightened animal abilities. Psychical researchers investigated many of these claims, including animal telepathy and ghostly apparitions. By the beginning of the twentieth century, news of horses and dogs with the ability to read and calculate fascinated the French public and scientists alike. Amidst questions about the justification of animal cruelty in laboratory experiments, wonder animals came to represent some extraordinary possibilities (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  28. Jaak Panksepp (2005). Affective Consciousness: Core Emotional Feelings in Animals and Humans. Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):30-80.
    The position advanced in this paper is that the bedrock of emotional feelings is contained within the evolved emotional action apparatus of mammalian brains. This dual-aspect monism approach to brain–mind functions, which asserts that emotional feelings may reflect the neurodynamics of brain systems that generate instinctual emotional behaviors, saves us from various conceptual conundrums. In coarse form, primary process affective consciousness seems to be fundamentally an unconditional “gift of nature” rather than an acquired skill, even though those systems facilitate (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   26 citations  
  29.  2
    Sue Taylor Parker (1997). A General Model for the Adaptive Function of Self-Knowledge in Animals and Humans. Consciousness and Cognition 6 (1):75-86.
    This article offers a general definition of self-knowledge that embraces all forms and levels of self-knowledge in animals and humans. It is hypothesized that various levels of self-knowledge constitute an ordinal scale such that each species in a lineage displays the forms of self-knowledge found in related species as well as new forms it and its sister species may have evolved. Likewise, it is hypothesized that these various forms of levels of self-knowledge develop in the sequence in which they (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  30. Eva Ejerhed & Sten Lindström (eds.) (1997). Logic, Action, and Cognition: Essays in Philosophical Logic. Kluwer Academic.
  31.  5
    Teresa Paiva, Paulo Bugalho & Carla Bentes (2011). Dreaming and Cognition in Patients with Frontotemporal Dysfunction. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1027-1035.
    Individuals with Parkinson’s disease and temporal lobe epilepsy have hallucinations and mild cognitive dysfunction. The objective of this work was to study dreams in PD and TLE patients using a common functional model of dream production involving the limbic and paralimbic structures.Dreams were characterised in early-stage PD and TLE patients with dream diaries classified by the Hall van de Castle system and were compared with matched controls.In PD, there were significant differences between patients’ dreams and those of controls: animals, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32.  11
    Hank Davis & Rachelle Pérusse (1988). Numerical Competence in Animals: Definitional Issues, Current Evidence, and a New Research Agenda. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (4):561.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   129 citations  
  33. J. David Smith (2005). Studies of Uncertainty Monitoring and Metacognition in Animals and Humans. In Herbert S. Terrace & Janet Metcalfe (eds.), The Missing Link in Cognition: Origins of Self-Reflective Consciousness. Oxford University Press
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  34.  13
    David Papineau, The Evolution of Means-End Cognition; Why Animals Cannot Think.
    Why is there a cognitive gulf between other animals and humans? Current fashion favours our greater understanding of Theory of Mind as an answer, and Language is another obvious candidate. But I think that analysis of the evolution of means-end cognitive mechanisms suggests that there may be a further significant difference: where animals will only perform those means which they (or their ancestors) have previously used as a route to some end, humans can employ observation to learn that (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35.  24
    Teresa McCormack & Christoph Hoerl (2011). Tool Use, Planning and Future Thinking in Children and Animals. In Teresa McCormack, Christoph Hoerl & Stephen Butterfill (eds.), Tool use and causal cognition. Oxford University Press 129.
    This chapter considers in what sense, if any, planning and future thinking is involved both in the sort of behaviour examined by McCarty et al. (1999) and in the sort of behaviour measured by researchers creating versions of Tulving's spoon test. It argues that mature human planning and future thinking involves a particular type of temporal cognition, and that there are reasons to be doubtful as to whether either of those two approaches actually assesses this type of cognition. (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36.  7
    Magdalena M. Sauvage (2010). ROC in Animals: Uncovering the Neural Substrates of Recollection and Familiarity in Episodic Recognition Memory☆. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (3):816-828.
    It is a consensus that familiarity and recollection contribute to episodic recognition memory. However, it remains controversial whether familiarity and recollection are qualitatively distinct processes supported by different brain regions, or whether they reflect different strengths of the same process and share the same support. In this review, I discuss how adapting standard human recognition memory paradigms to rats, performing circumscribed brain lesions and using receiver operating characteristic methods contributed to solve this controversy. First, I describe the validation of the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37.  8
    Helena Telkänranta (2009). Conditioning or Cognition? Understanding Interspecific Communication as a Way of Improving Animal Training (a Case Study with Elephants in Nepal). Sign Systems Studies 37 (3-4):542-555.
    When animals are trained to function in a human society (for example, pet dogs, police dogs, or sports horses), different trainers and training cultures vary widely in their ability to understand how the animal perceives the communication efforts of the trainer. This variation has considerable impact on the resulting performance and welfare of the animals. There are many trainers who frequently resort to physical punishment or other pain-inflicting methods when the attempts to communicate have failed or when the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  1
    Cynthia F. Moss (2013). Has a Fully Three-Dimensional Space Map Never Evolved in Any Species? A Comparative Imperative for Studies of Spatial Cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (5):557-557.
    I propose that it is premature to assert that a fully three-dimensional map has never evolved in any species, as data are lacking to show that space coding in all animals is the same. Instead, I hypothesize that three-dimensional representation is tied to an animal's mode of locomotion through space. Testing this hypothesis requires a large body of comparative data.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39. R. Epstein (1987). Reflections on Thinking in Animals. In G. Greenberg & E. Tobach (eds.), Cognition, Language, and Consciousness: Integrative Levels. Lawrence Erlbaum 19--29.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40. Richard Connor & Mann & Janet (2006). Social Cognition in the Wild: Machiavellian Dolphins? In Susan Hurley & Matthew Nudds (eds.), Rational Animals? OUP Oxford
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41. L. J. Rogers (2003). RW Mitchell (Ed.). Pretending and Imagination in Animals and Children. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. T. Bowell & G. Kemp. Critical Thinking–A Concise Guide. London: Routledge. HJ Gensler. Introduction to Logic. London: Routledge. A. Thomson. Critical Reasoning–A Practical Introduction. London: Routledge. [REVIEW] Cognition 89:65-66.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42. Andrea Gaynor (2007). Animal Agendas: Conflict Over Productive Animals in Twentieth-Century Australian Cities. Society and Animals 15 (1):29-42.
    Over the course of the twentieth century, the number of productive nonhuman animals in Australian cities declined dramatically. This decline resulted—at least in part—from an imaginative geography, in which productive animals were deemed inappropriate occupants of urban spaces. A class-based prioritization of amenity, privacy, order, and the protection of real property values—as well as a gender order within which animal-keeping was not recognized as a legitimate economic activity for women—shaped this imaginative geography of animals (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  43.  3
    N. S. Clayton, J. Russell & A. Dickinson (2009). Are Animals Stuck in Time or Are They Chronesthetic Creatures? Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (1):59-71.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44.  18
    Peter Singer (ed.) (2013). In Defense of Animals. Wiley-Blackwell.
    Bringing together new essays by philosophers and activists, _In Defense of Animals: The Second Wave_ highlights the new challenges facing the animal rights movement. Exciting new collection edited by controversial philosopher Peter Singer, who made animal rights into an international concern when he first published _In Defence of Animals_ and _Animal Liberation_ over thirty years ago Essays explore new ways of measuring animal suffering, reassess the question of personhood, and draw highlight tales of effective advocacy Lays out “Ten (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   45 citations  
  45.  85
    Sven Walter (2010). Locked-in Syndrome, Bci, and a Confusion About Embodied, Embedded, Extended, and Enacted Cognition. Neuroethics 3 (1):61-72.
    In a recent contribution to this journal, Andrew Fenton and Sheri Alpert have argued that the so-called “extended mind hypothesis” allows us to understand why Brain Computer Interfaces (BCIs) have the potential to change the self of patients suffering from Locked-in syndrome (LIS) by extending their minds beyond their bodies. I deny that this can shed any light on the theoretical, or philosophical, underpinnings of BCIs as a tool for enabling communication with, or bodily action by, patients with LIS: BCIs (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  46.  23
    K. Smilla Ebeling (2011). Sexing the Rotifer: Reading Nonhuman Animals' Sex and Reproduction in 19th-Century Biology. Society and Animals 19 (3):305-315.
    This paper looks at the role nonhuman animals play in how we think about sex, gender, and sexuality in zoology and in society. In examining the history of ideas regarding a microscopic invertebrate species—rotifers—the paper explores how humans have projected aspects of their lives onto nonhuman animals and how they have extrapolated from nonhuman animals to human society. The paper emphasizes the intersections between knowledge about nonhuman animals and gender and sexuality politics.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47.  90
    Peter Carruthers & Peter K. Smith (eds.) (1996). Theories of Theories of Mind. Cambridge University Press.
    Theories of Theories of Mind brings together contributions by a distinguished international team of philosophers, psychologists, and primatologists, who between them address such questions as: what is it to understand the thoughts, feelings, and intentions of other people? How does such an understanding develop in the normal child? Why, unusually, does it fail to develop? And is any such mentalistic understanding shared by members of other species? The volume's four parts together offer a state of the art survey of the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   33 citations  
  48.  48
    Edwin Hutchins (1995). Cognition in the Wild. MIT Press.
    Hutchins examines a set of phenomena that have fallen between the established disciplines of psychology and anthropology, bringing to light a new set of relationships between culture and cognition.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   207 citations  
  49.  24
    Zenon W. Pylyshyn (1980). Computation and Cognition: Issues in the Foundation of Cognitive Science. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (1):111-32.
    The computational view of mind rests on certain intuitions regarding the fundamental similarity between computation and cognition. We examine some of these intuitions and suggest that they derive from the fact that computers and human organisms are both physical systems whose behavior is correctly described as being governed by rules acting on symbolic representations. Some of the implications of this view are discussed. It is suggested that a fundamental hypothesis of this approach is that there is a natural domain (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   397 citations  
  50. Mary Sanders Pollock & Catherine Rainwater (eds.) (2005). Figuring Animals: Essays on Animal Images in Art, Literature, Philosophy, and Popular Culture. Palgrave Macmillan.
    Figuring Animals is a collection of fifteen essays concerning the representation of animals in literature, the visual arts, philosophy, and cultural practice. At the turn of the new century, it is helpful to reconsider our inherited understandings of the species, some of which are still useful to us. It is also important to look ahead to new understandings and new dialogue, which may contribute to the survival of us all. The contributors to this volume participate in this (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 1000