Search results for 'Cognitive Significance' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Vojislav Bozickovic (2008). Cognitive Significance and Reflexive Content. Linguistics and Philosophy 31 (5):545-554.
    John Perry has urged that a semantic theory for natural languages ought to be concerned with the issue of cognitive significance—of how true identity statements containing different (utterances of) indexicals and proper names can be informative, held to be unaccountable by the referentialist view. The informativeness that he has in mind—one that has puzzled Frege, Kaplan and Wettstein—concerns knowledge about the world. In trying to solve this puzzle on referentialist terms, he comes up with the notion of (...) significance as a special kind of a second-order content which should account for cognitive significance in the former sense. Focusing on his treatment of perceptual demonstratives, I argue that he fails to do so both on the level of second-order contents containing demonstrative utterances and on the level of second-order contents containing perceptual buffers as new notions associated with the perceptions and used to temporarily store ideas we gain from the perceptions, which he holds to be causally connected to each other. (shrink)
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  2.  28
    Pieranna Garavaso (2001). Why the New Theorist May Still Need to Explain Cognitive Significance but Not Mind Doing It. Philosophia 28 (1-4):455-465.
    In "Has Semantics Rested on a Mistake?", Howard Wettstein denies that semantics must account for cognitive significance. He thus rejects Frege's condition of adequacy for semantics and rids the new theorists from seemingly intractable puzzles. In a more recent article, Wettstein claims that not only reference but even cognitive significance is not a matter of how the referent is presented to the mind of the speaker. In this paper, I submit that the crucial element in the (...)
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  3. Michael Joseph Fletcher (2011). The Cognitive Significance of Kant's Third Critique. Dissertation, University of California, Santa Barbara
    This dissertation aims at forging an archetectonic link between Kant's first and third Critiques within a cognitive-semantic framework. My aim is to show how the major conceptual innovations of Kant’s third Critique can be plausibly understood in terms of the theoretical aims of the first, (Critique of Pure Reason). However, unlike other cognition-oriented approaches to Kant's third Critique, which take the point of contact between the first and third Critique's to be the first Critique's Transcendental Analytic, I link these (...)
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  4.  7
    Peter Pagin (2013). The Cognitive Significance of Mental Files. Disputatio.
    Pagin-Peter_The-cognitive-significance-of-mental-files.
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  5.  58
    Bénédicte Veillet (2015). The Cognitive Significance of Phenomenal Knowledge. Philosophical Studies 172 (11):2955-2974.
    Knowledge of what it’s like to have perceptual experiences, e.g. of what it’s like to see red or taste Turkish coffee, is phenomenal knowledge; and it is knowledge the substantial or significant nature of which is widely assumed to pose a challenge for physicalism. Call this the New Challenge to physicalism. The goal of this paper is to take a closer look at the New Challenge. I show, first, that it is surprisingly difficult to spell out clearly and neutrally what (...)
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  6.  35
    Eric Arnau, Anna Estany, Rafael González del Solar & Thomas Sturm (2014). The Extended Cognition Thesis: Its Significance for the Philosophy of (Cognitive) Science. Philosophical Psychology 27 (1):1-18.
    While the extended cognition (EC) thesis has gained more followers in cognitive science and in the philosophy of mind and knowledge, our main goal is to discuss a different area of significance of the EC thesis: its relation to philosophy of science. In this introduction, we outline two major areas: (I) The role of the thesis for issues in the philosophy of cognitive science, such as: How do notions of (...)
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  7. David M. Braun (2002). Cognitive Significance, Attitude Ascriptions, and Ways of Believing Propositions. Philosophical Studies 108 (1-2):65-81.
    We use names to talk about objects. We use predicates to talk about properties and relations. We use sentences to attribute properties and relations to objects. We say things when we utter sentences, often things we believe.
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  8. John Perry (1988). Cognitive Significance and New Theories of Reference. Noûs 22 (1):1-18.
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  9.  44
    Ted Poston (2014). Direct Phenomenal Beliefs, Cognitive Significance, and the Specious Present. Philosophical Studies 168 (2):483-489.
    Chalmers (The character of consciousness, 2010) argues for an acquaintance theory of the justification of direct phenomenal beliefs. A central part of this defense is the claim that direct phenomenal beliefs are cognitively significant. I argue against this. Direct phenomenal beliefs are justified within the specious present, and yet the resources available with the present ‘now’ are so impoverished that it barely constrains the content of a direct phenomenal belief. I argue that Chalmers’s account does not have the resources for (...)
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  10.  24
    John Perry (1988). Symposium Papers, Comments, and an Abstract: Cognitive Significance and New Theories of Reference. Noûs 22 (1):1-18.
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  11.  37
    Howard Wettstein (1988). Cognitive Significance Without Cognitive Content. Mind 97 (385):1-28.
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  12.  6
    Thomas Uebel (2011). Beyond the Formalist Criterion of Cognitive Significance: Philipp Frank’s Later Antimetaphysics. Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 1 (1):47-72.
    This article considers the development of Philipp Frank’s opposition to metaphysics in the light of the contention that there also was a long-standing pragmatic strand to the theorizing about science in the Vienna Circle. It is argued that the later Frank did not only distinguish metaphysical statements from those deemed simply cognitively meaningless by a substantive criterion but that in order to identify the latter he also sought to employ a practical rather than a formal criterion with which (...)
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  13.  47
    William W. Taschek (1987). Content, Character, and Cognitive Significance. Philosophical Studies 52 (2):161--189.
  14.  63
    Ronald Loeffler (2001). Demonstrative Reference and Cognitive Significance. Synthese 128 (3):229 - 244.
  15. María José Alcaraz León (2011). Contrary Feelings and the Cognitive Significance of Art. Estetika:63-80.
  16.  44
    Eros Corazza & Jérôme Dokic (1992). On the Cognitive Significance of Indexicals. Philosophical Studies 66 (2):183 - 196.
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  17.  29
    Kenneth A. Taylor (1995). Meaning, Reference and Cognitive Significance. Mind and Language 10 (1-2):129-180.
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  18.  4
    Andrew Whiteley Magrath (2013). Carnap Ponders Canberra: Creating a Theory of Meaning Based on Carnap's Criteria of Cognitive Significance and the Canberra Plan. Open Journal of Philosophy 3 (3):429-433.
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  19.  12
    Gerald W. Casenave (1979). Taking Metaphor Seriously: The Implications of the Cognitive Significance of Metaphor for Theories of Language. Southern Journal of Philosophy 17 (1):19-25.
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  20.  11
    Theodore M. Greene (1938). Beauty and the Cognitive Significance of Art. Journal of Philosophy 35 (14):365-381.
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  21.  7
    Gustav Bergmann (1951). Comments on Professor Hempel's "the Concept of Cognitive Significance". Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 80:78--86.
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  22.  1
    William H. Hay (1952). Review: Hans Reichenbach, The Verifiability Theory of Meaning; Carl G. Hempel, The Concept of Cognitive Significance: A Reconsideration; Gustav Bergmann, Comments on Professor Hempel's "The Concept of Cognitive Significance.". [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 17 (2):134-136.
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  23.  1
    David LaBerge & Ray Kasevich (2013). The Cognitive Significance of Resonating Neurons in the Cerebral Cortex. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (4):1523-1550.
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  24. João M. B. V. Branquinho (1992). Direct Reference, Cognitive Significance and Fregean Sense.
     
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  25. J. Justus (2006). Cognitive Significance. In J. Pfeifer & Sahotra Sarkar (eds.), The Philosophy of Science: An Encyclopedia. Psychology Press 1--131.
     
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  26. Berel Lang (1961). The Cognitive Significance of Art. Dissertation, Columbia University
     
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  27. Richard Lichtman (1957). The Cognitive Significance of Art. Dissertation, Yale University
     
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  28. Ronald Loeffler (2004). Demonstrative Reference And Cognitive Significance. Synthese 128 (3):229-244.
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  29. R. C. Majhi (1997). John Perry on Cognitive Significance. Indian Philosophical Quarterly 24 (2):225-236.
     
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  30. David S. Miall (2005). Beyond Interpretation: The Cognitive Significance of Reading. In Harri Veivo, Bo Pettersson & Merja Polvinen (eds.), Cognition and Literary Interpretation in Practice. Yliopistopaino
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  31. Raphael van Riel (2011). Cognitive Significance and Epistemic Intensions. Logique Et Analyse 54 (216).
  32. Howard Wettstein, Home About Us Contact Cognitive Significance Without Cognitive Content People Courses Colloquia Conference News/Events.
    Imagine how it must appear to the Martian making his first visit to earth. Let us suppose that he too is an intel­ligent being whose intelligence has, however, evolved without the mediation of language, but rather, say, through the develop­ment of ESP. So he is some­thing like the angels who, according to St. Thomas, can see things directly in their essences and communi­cate thought without language. What is the first thing he notices about earthlings? That they are forever making mouthy (...)
     
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  33. Declan Smithies (2013). The Significance of Cognitive Phenomenology. Philosophy Compass 8 (8):731-743.
    This is the second in a series of two articles that serve as an introduction to recent debates about cognitive phenomenology. Cognitive phenomenology can be defined as the experience that is associated with cognitive activities, such as thinking, reasoning, and understanding. What is at issue in contemporary debates is not the existence of cognitive phenomenology, so defined, but rather its nature and theoretical role. The first article examines questions about the nature of cognitive phenomenology, while (...)
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  34.  11
    Beverly Kracher & Robert P. Marble (2008). The Significance of Gender in Predicting the Cognitive Moral Development of Business Practitioners Using the Sociomoral Reflection Objective Measure. Journal of Business Ethics 78 (4):503 - 526.
    This study constitutes a contribution to the discussion about moral reasoning in business. Kohlberg’s (1971, in Cognitive Development and Epistemology (Academic Press, New York), 1976, in Moral Development and Behavior: Theory and Research and Social Issues (Holt, Rienhart and Winston, New York)) cognitive moral development (CMD) theory is one explanation of moral reasoning. One unresolved debate on the topic of CMD is the charge that Kohlbergian-type CMD theory is gender biased. This research puts forth the proposal that the (...)
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  35.  19
    Douglas B. Rasmussen (1994). The Significance for Cognitive Realism of the Thought of John Poinsot. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 68 (3):409-424.
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  36. Beverly Kracher & Robert P. Marble (2008). The Significance of Gender in Predicting the Cognitive Moral Development of Business Practitioners Using the Sociomoral Reflection Objective Measure. Journal of Business Ethics 78 (4):503-526.
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  37.  15
    Eric Arnau, Anna Estany, Rafael González del Solar & Thomas Sturm (2013). The Extended Cognition Thesis: Its Significance for the Philosophy of (Cognitive) Science. Philosophical Psychology 27 (1):1-18.
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  38.  33
    Heimir Geirsson (1996). Partial Propositions and Cognitive Content. Journal of Philosophical Research 21:117-128.
    Recently there has been a surge of new Fregeans who claim that the direct designation theory, as understood by contemporary Russellians, does not, and cannot, account for the different cognitive significance of statements containing different but codesignative names or indexicals. Instead, they say we must use a fine grained notion of propositions; one which builds a mode of presentation into proposition in addition to including in them the object referred to by the name or indexical in the sentence (...)
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  39. M. Bernstein & J. Bickle (2000). Fusing Significance Coding with the Stream of Cognitive and Conscious Sequences: Generalizing From a Neurocomputational Model of Motivated Saccadic Eye Movements. Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):S74 - S75.
     
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  40.  35
    Sanford Goldberg (2008). Must Differences in Cognitive Value Be Transparent? Erkenntnis 69 (2):165 - 187.
    Frege’s ‘differential dubitability’ test is a test for differences in cognitive value: if one can rationally believe that p while simultaneously doubting that q, then the contents p and q amount to different ‘cognitive values’. If subject S is rational, does her simultaneous adoption of different attitudes towards p and q require that the difference between p and q (as cognitive values) be transparent to her? It is natural to think so. But I argue that, if attitude (...)
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  41.  72
    Sebastian Lutz, Criteria of Empirical Significance: A Success Story.
    The sheer multitude of criteria of empirical significance has been taken as evidence that the pre-analytic notion being explicated is too vague to be useful. I show instead that a significant number of these criteria—by Ayer, Popper, Przełęcki, Suppes, and David Lewis, among others—not only form a coherent whole, but also connect directly to the theory of definition, the notion of empirical content as explicated by Ramsey sentences, and the theory of measurement; two criteria by Carnap and Sober are (...)
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  42.  20
    Albert Atkin (2008). Peirce, Perry and the Lost History of Critical Referentialism. Philosophia 36 (3):313-326.
    This paper traces a lost genealogical connection between Charles S. Peirce’s later theory of signs and contemporary work in the philosophy of language by John Perry. As is shown, despite some differences, both accounts offer what might be termed a multi-level account of meaning. Moreover, it is claimed that by adopting a ‘Peircian turn’ in his theory, Perry might overcome alleged shortcomings in his account of cognitive significance.
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  43. Govind Persad (2014). When, and How, Should Cognitive Bias Matter to Law. Law and Ineq 32:31.
    Recent work in the behavioral sciences asserts that we are subject to a variety of cognitive biases. For example, we mourn losses more than we prize equivalently sized gains; we are more inclined to believe something if it matches our previous beliefs; and we even relate more warmly or coldly to others depending on whether the coffee cup we are holding is warm or cold. Drawing on this work, case law and legal scholarship have asserted that we have reason (...)
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  44. Worth Boone & Gualtiero Piccinini (2016). The Cognitive Neuroscience Revolution. Synthese 193 (5):1509-1534.
    We outline a framework of multilevel neurocognitive mechanisms that incorporates representation and computation. We argue that paradigmatic explanations in cognitive neuroscience fit this framework and thus that cognitive neuroscience constitutes a revolutionary break from traditional cognitive science. Whereas traditional cognitive scientific explanations were supposed to be distinct and autonomous from mechanistic explanations, neurocognitive explanations aim to be mechanistic through and through. Neurocognitive explanations aim to integrate computational and representational functions and structures across multiple levels of organization (...)
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  45.  60
    Marko Jurjako (2013). The Problem of Intrinsic Epistemic Significance. Prolegomena 12 (1):83-100.
    Why conduct research concerning human genome or proving the existence of Higgs particle? What makes these problems significant or worthy of investigation? In recent epistemological discussions one can find at least two conceptions of the problem of epistemic significance: research question or cognitive problem can be practically significant or intrinsically epistemically significant, in a way that depends on the consideration whether reasons that support the significance of the problem are practical or epistemic. In this paper I am (...)
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  46. Jeffrey S. Poland & Barbara Von Eckardt (2004). Mechanism and Explanation in Cognitive Neuroscience. Philosophy of Science 71 (5):972-984.
    The aim of this paper is to examine the usefulness of the Machamer, Darden, and Craver (2000) mechanism approach to gaining an understanding of explanation in cognitive neuroscience. We argue that although the mechanism approach can capture many aspects of explanation in cognitive neuroscience, it cannot capture everything. In particular, it cannot completely capture all aspects of the content and significance of mental representations or the evaluative features constitutive of psychopathology.
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  47.  55
    Kent Johnson (2004). Gold's Theorem and Cognitive Science. Philosophy of Science 70 (4):571-592.
    A variety of inaccurate claims about Gold's Theorem have appeared in the cognitive science literature. I begin by characterizing the logic of this theorem and its proof. I then examine several claims about Gold's Theorem, and I show why they are false. Finally, I assess the significance of Gold's Theorem for cognitive science.
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  48.  7
    Emrah Aktunc (2011). Experimental Knowledge in Cognitive Neuroscience. Dissertation, Virginia Tech
    This is a work in the epistemology of functional neuroimaging (fNI) and it applies the error-statistical (ES) philosophy to inferential problems in fNI to formulate and address these problems. This gives us a clear, accurate, and more complete understanding of what we can learn from fNI and how we can learn it. I review the works in the epistemology of fNI which I group into two categories; the first category consists of discussions of the theoretical significance of fNI findings (...)
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  49.  82
    Martin J. Pickering & Nick Chater (1995). Why Cognitive Science is Not Formalized Folk Psychology. Minds and Machines 5 (3):309-337.
    It is often assumed that cognitive science is built upon folk psychology, and that challenges to folk psychology are therefore challenges to cognitive science itself. We argue that, in practice, cognitive science and folk psychology treat entirely non-overlapping domains: cognitive science considers aspects of mental life which do not depend on general knowledge, whereas folk psychology considers aspects of mental life which do depend on general knowledge. We back up our argument on theoretical grounds, and also (...)
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    Declan Smithies (2013). Teaching and Learning Guide for Cognitive Phenomenology. Philosophy Compass 8 (10):999-1002.
    This is a teaching and learning guide that accompanies "The Nature of Cognitive Phenomenology" and "The Significance of Cognitive Phenomenology".
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