Search results for 'Colin T. A. Schmidt' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. D'A. W. T. & Alfred Schmidt (1926). Drogen und Drogenhandel im Alterthum. Journal of Hellenic Studies 46:126.score: 8100.0
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  2. Colin T. A. Schmidt (2007). Children, Robots And... The Parental Role. Minds and Machines 17 (3):273-286.score: 2130.0
    The raison d’être of this article is that many a spry-eyed analyst of the works in intelligent computing and robotics fail to see the essential concerning applications development, that of expressing their ultimate goal. Alternatively, they fail to state it suitably for the lesser-informed public eye. The author does not claim to be able to remedy this. Instead, the visionary investigation offered couples learning and computing with other related fields as part of a larger spectre to fully simulate people in (...)
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  3. C. T. A. Schmidt & F. Kraemer (2006). Robots, Dennett and the Autonomous: A Terminological Investigation. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 16 (1):73-80.score: 1395.0
    In the present enterprise we take a look at the meaning of Autonomy, how the word has been employed and some of the consequences of its use in the sciences of the artificial. Could and should robots really be autonomous entities? Over and beyond this, we use concepts from the philosophy of mind to spur on enquiry into the very essence of human autonomy. We believe our initiative, as does Dennett's life-long research, sheds light upon the problems of robot design (...)
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  4. K. B. McClure, N. M. Delorio, T. A. Schmidt, G. Chiodo & P. Gorman (2007). A Qualitative Study of Institutional Review Board Members' Experience Reviewing Research Proposals Using Emergency Exception From Informed Consent. Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (5):289-293.score: 1305.0
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  5. Jeremy T. Bruskotter, Eric Toman, Sherry A. Enzler & Robert H. Schmidt (2010). Are Gray Wolves Endangered in the Northern Rocky Mountains? A Role for Social Science in Listing Determinations. Bioscience 60 (11):941-948.score: 1305.0
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  6. Colin T. Schmidt (1996). The Person-Machine Confrontation: Investigations Into the Pragmatics of Dialogism. [REVIEW] AI and Society 10 (3-4):315-332.score: 1260.0
    Erroneously attributing propositional attitudes (desires, beliefs...) to computational artefacts has become internationally commonplace in the public arena, especially amongst the new generation of non-initiated users. Technology for rendering machines “user-friendly” is often inspired by interpersonal human communication. This calls forth designers to conceptualise a major component of human intelligence: the sense ofcommunicability, and its logical consequences. The inherentincommunicability of machines subsequently causes a shift in design strategy. Though cataloguing components of bouts between person and machine with Speech Act Theory has (...)
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  7. Colin T. Schmidt (1997). Pragmatically Pristine, the Dialogical Cause of Self-Deception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):126-126.score: 1260.0
    Empirical evidence of self-deception's propositional duality is not sought; philosophically relevant links between propositions proper and mind are explored instead. Speech in unison ably indicates the social grounding of such attitudinal structures. An extra-theoretical eye – with regard to cognitivism – is cast on a case of “illusory communication.” The reinforcing of lexical analysis shows Mele's approach to be in need of non-ego concepts, wherefore it lacks soundness with respect to reference.
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  8. C. T. A. Schmidt (2005). Of Robots and Believing. Minds and Machines 15 (2):195-205.score: 945.0
    Discussion about the application of scientific knowledge in robotics in order to build people helpers is widespread. The issue herein addressed is philosophically poignant, that of robots that are “people”. It is currently popular to speak about robots and the image of Man. Behind this lurks the dialogical mind and the questions about the significance of an artificial version of it. Without intending to defend or refute the discourse in favour of ‘recreating’ Man, a lesser familiar question is brought forth: (...)
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  9. C. T. A. Schmidt (2007). Artificial Intelligence and Learning, Epistemological Perspectives. AI and Society 21 (4):537-547.score: 945.0
    In this article, I establish a theory of knowledge approach for evaluating the use of computers for educational purposes at the university. In so doing, I trace part of the history of the “enabling factor” of Artificial Intelligence in this sector, an important element that has been integrated into everyday learning environments. The result of my reflection is a dialogical structure, directly inspired by past technology assessment research, which illustrates the conceptual advancement of researchers in the field of learning technologies. (...)
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  10. Ivo DÜntsch, Gunther Schmidt & Michael Winter (2001). A Necessary Relation Algebra for Mereotopology. Studia Logica 69 (3):381 - 409.score: 900.0
    The standard model for mereotopological structures are Boolean subalgebras of the complete Boolean algebra of regular closed subsets of a nonempty connected regular T 0 topological space with an additional "contact relation" C defined by xCy x ØA (possibly) more general class of models is provided by the Region Connection Calculus (RCC) of Randell et al. We show that the basic operations of the relational calculus on a "contact relation" generate at least 25 relations in any model of the RCC, (...)
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  11. Marie-Laure Betbeder, Philippe Cottier, Colin Schmidt & Pierre Tchounikine (2006). Dialogue in Context, Towards a Referential Approach in Collective Learning. AI and Society 20 (3):314-330.score: 900.0
    In this article, we present research in the making of a collective work environment within the framework of a distance education course. We base our theoretical and methodological standpoints on examples of dialogical discourses recorded within the framework of this CSCL system called Symba. In fact, the results of previous research lead us to rethink our vision of the study of collaborative moments between participants in a computer-supported human learning environment that proposes several communication tools. Redefining the methodological process aiming (...)
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  12. Stefan Reinhart, Lena Schmidt, Caroline Kuhn, A. Rosenthal, T. Schenk, I. Keller & G. Kerkhoff (2012). Limb Activation Ameliorates Body-Related Deficits in Spatial Neglect. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 900.0
    : Many neglect patients show deficits in the mental representation of their contralesional body side or body parts, termed personal neglect. These deficits include impairments in identifying body parts on schematic drawings of human bodies. Limb activation and alertness cues have been shown to modulate neglect transiently, and are effective treatments for several symptoms of the neglect syndrome. Here, we tested on 8 patients with right-hemispheric stroke and left-sided spatial neglect whether these two techniques modulate deficits in the mental representation (...)
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  13. C. T. A. Schmidt (2009). Computation and the Natural World. Minds and Machines 19 (4):451-451.score: 855.0
  14. C. T. A. Schmidt (2011). Technology and Culture and Possibly Vigilance Too. AI and Society 26 (4):371-375.score: 855.0
    Many have bowed before the recently acquired powers of ‘new technologies’. However, in the shift from tekhnē to tekhnologia, it seems we have lost human values. These values are communicative in nature as technological progress has placed barriers like distance, web pages and ‘miscellaneous extras’ between individuals. Certain values, like the interpersonal pleasures of rendering service, have been lost as their domain of predilection has for many become fully commercially oriented, dominated by the cadence of profitability. Though the popular cultures (...)
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  15. V. N. Mosesso Jr, L. H. Brown, H. L. Greene, T. A. Schmidt, T. P. Aufderheide & M. R. Sayre (2005). Woolhead G, Calnan M, Dieppe P, Tadd. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14:240-242.score: 855.0
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  16. D. Pimentel, C. Fried, L. Olson, S. Schmidt, K. Wagner-Johnson, A. Westman, A. Whelan, K. Foglia, P. Poole, T. Klein, R. Sobin & A. Bochner (1984). Environmental and Social Costs of Biomass Energy. Bioscience 34 (2):89-94.score: 810.0
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  17. Martin Schmidt (2008). On Spacetime, Points, and Bare Particulars. Metaphysica 9 (1):69-77.score: 450.0
    In his paper Bare Particulars, T. Sider claims that one of the most plausible candidates for bare particulars are spacetime points. The aim of this paper is to shed light on Sider’s reasoning and its consequences. There are three concepts of spacetime points that allow their identification with bare particulars. One of them, Moderate structural realism, is considered to be the most adequate due its appropriate approach to spacetime metric and moderate view of mereological simples. However, it pushes the Substratum (...)
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  18. Klaus J. Schmidt (2011). On the unity of modal syllogistics in Aristotle. Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 13 (1):54-86.score: 450.0
    The goal of this paper is an interpretation of Aristotle's modal syllogistics closely oriented on the text using the resources of modern modal predicate logic. Modern predicate logic was successfully able to interpret Aristotle's assertoric syllogistics uniformly , that is, with one formula for universal premises. A corresponding uniform interpretation of modal syllogistics by means of modal predicate logic is not possible. This thesis does not imply that a uniform view is abandoned. However, it replaces the simple unity of the (...)
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  19. Bernard Marius ’T. Hart, Hannah Claudia Elfriede Fanny Schmidt, Christine Roth & Wolfgang Einhauser (2013). Fixations on Objects in Natural Scenes: Dissociating Importance From Salience. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 450.0
    The relation of selective attention to understanding of natural scenes has been subject to intense behavioral research and computational modeling, and gaze is often used as a proxy for such attention. The probability of an image region to be fixated typically correlates with its contrast. However, this relation does not imply a causal role of contrast. Rather, contrast may relate to an object’s “importance” for a scene, which in turn drives attention. Here we operationalize importance by the probability that an (...)
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  20. Colin Hardie (1977). Ernst A. Schmidt: Zur Chronologie der Eklogen Vergils. (Sitzungsberichte der Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften, Phil. hist. Klasse. Jg. 1974, 6 Abh.) Pp. 72. Heidelberg: Carl Winter, 1974. Paper. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 27 (02):276-277.score: 211.5
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  21. T. B. Strong (2007). Fiction Knows No Noumenon: Fictive Theories: Towards a Deconstructive and Utopian Political Imagination, by Susan McManus. New York and Houndsmills: Palgrave MacMillan, 2005. 234 Pp. $65.00 (Cloth). Lyrical and Ethical Subjects: Essays on the Periphery of the Word, Freedom and History, by Dennis J. Schmidt. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 2005. 215 Pp. $29.95 (Paper). [REVIEW] Political Theory 35 (2):223-230.score: 189.0
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  22. Ishani Maitra, Brian Weatherson & Jonathan Ichikawa (2012). In Defense of a Kripkean Dogma. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 85 (1):56-68.score: 126.0
    In “Against Arguments from Reference” (Mallon et al., 2009), Ron Mallon, Edouard Machery, Shaun Nichols, and Stephen Stich (hereafter, MMNS) argue that recent experiments concerning reference undermine various philosophical arguments that presuppose the correctness of the causal-historical theory of reference. We will argue three things in reply. First, the experiments in question—concerning Kripke’s Gödel/Schmidt example—don’t really speak to the dispute between descriptivism and the causal-historical theory; though the two theories are empirically testable, we need to look at quite different (...)
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  23. G. Kerkhoff S. Reinhart, L. Schmidt, C. Kuhn, A. Rosenthal, T. Schenk, I. Keller (2012). Limb Activation Ameliorates Body-Related Deficits in Spatial Neglect. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 90.0
    : Many neglect patients show deficits in the mental representation of their contralesional body side or body parts, termed personal neglect. These deficits include impairments in identifying body parts on schematic drawings of human bodies. Limb activation and alertness cues have been shown to modulate neglect transiently, and are effective treatments for several symptoms of the neglect syndrome. Here, we tested on 8 patients with right-hemispheric stroke and left-sided spatial neglect whether these two techniques modulate deficits in the mental representation (...)
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  24. I. Kollemorten, C. Strandberg, B. M. Thomsen, O. Wiberg, T. Windfeld-Schmidt, V. Binder, L. Elsborg, C. Hendriksen, E. Kristensen, J. R. Madsen, M. K. Rasmussen, L. Willumsen, H. R. Wulff & P. Riis (1981). Ethical Aspects of Clinical Decision-Making. Journal of Medical Ethics 7 (2):67-69.score: 45.0
    The aim of the present investigation was to describe and to classify significant ethical problems encountered by the members of the staff during the daily clinical work at a hospital medical department. A set of definitions was prepared for the purpose, including the definition of a 'significant ethical problem'. During a three month period 426 inpatients and 173 outpatients were admitted. Significant ethical problems were encountered during the management of 106 in-patients (25 per cent) and 9 out-patients (5 per cent). (...)
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