Search results for 'Communism' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels (2002 [1848]). Communist Manifesto. Penguin Classics.score: 24.0
    Originally published on the eve of the 1848 European revolutions, The Communist Manifesto is a condensed and incisive account of the worldview Marx and Engels developed during their hectic intellectual and political collaboration. Formulating the principles of dialectical materialism, they believed that labor creates wealth, hence capitalism is exploitive and antithetical to freedom. -/- This new edition includes an extensive introduction by Gareth Stedman Jones, Britain's leading expert on Marx and Marxism, providing a complete course for students of The Communist (...)
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  2. Elena Sokol (2012). Diverse Voices: Czech Women’s Writing in the Post-Communist Era. ARGUMENT 2 (1):37-57.score: 24.0
    This essay offers an overview of the diversity of women’s prose writing that emerged on the Czech cultural scene in the post-communist era. To that end it briefly characterizes the work of eight Czech women authors who were born within the first two decades after World War II and began to create during the post-1968 era of ‘normalization’. In this broad sense they belong to a single generation. With rare exception their work was not officially published in their homeland until (...)
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  3. Carl Tighe (2010). Poland Translated: The Post-Communist Generation of Writers. Studies in East European Thought 62 (2):169 - 195.score: 24.0
    This article is concerned with writing in Poland since the collapse of Communism. It focuses mainly on the generation of Polish writers who made their debut around the time of the collapse of Communism and whose work has since begun to appear in English translation. It considers the changing focus of the post-Communist generation of writers, asks how the translations of their work represent Poland to the world and what these works might indicate about changes within contemporary Polish (...)
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  4. Stefan Bratosin & Mihaela Alexandra Ionescu (2010). Church, Religion and Belief: Paradigms for Understanding the Political Phenomenon in Post-Communist Romania. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 8 (24):3-18.score: 24.0
    Starting from the hypothesis that the predominant church, religion and belief in Romania (i.e. the Romanian Orthodox Church, the Orthodox religion and the Orthodox belief) are paradigms that help understand politics, we will highlight in the present article three major aspects of the political phenomenon in post-communist Romania: de-symbolizing the democratic function, institutionalizing “democratism” and manifesting integralism in the public space. Our analysis is based on a communicational approach which postulates the conceptual oppositions as a fundament of understanding. The interpretation (...)
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  5. Iuliana Conovici (2013). Re-Weaving Memory: Representations of the Interwar and Communist Periods in the Romanian Orthodox Church After 1989. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 12 (35):109-131.score: 24.0
    After the fall of Communism, the Romanian Orthodox Church was forced to face its recent past, scarred by its collaboration – harshly criticized in the early 1990s – with the Ceauşescu regime. The Church’s turn to its memory of the interwar period in order to legitimize the (re)casting of Orthodoxy as a public religion was also problematic. Based mainly, but not solely on the analysis of public discourses originating with the Orthodox Church hierarchy and clergy, this paper will address (...)
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  6. Krzysztof Brzechczyn (2008). Polish Discussions on the Nature of Communism and Mechanisms of its Collapse: A Review Article. East European Politics and Societies 22 (4):828-855.score: 24.0
    The author, against the background of Communist Studies developed in Poland since World War I, reconstructs theoretical orientations that explained the communist system in that country. In this paper, the division of theoretical approaches into political, economic, and cultural ones is proposed. Each of them seeks factors responsible for nature, evolution, and final decline of the communist system in a different sphere of social life. An approach of the political type was Leszek Nowak’s theory of communism as a system (...)
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  7. Irina Velicu (2012). The Aesthetic Post-Communist Subject and the Differend of Rosia Montana. Studies in Social Justice 6 (1):125-141.score: 24.0
    By challenging the state and corporate prerogatives to distinguish between “good” and “bad” development, social movements by and in support of inhabitants of Rosia Montana (Transylvania) are subverting prevailing perceptions about Central and Eastern Europe (CEE)’s liberal path of development illustrating its injustice in several ways that will be detailed in this article under the heading “inhibitions of political economy” or Balkanism. The significance of the “Save Rosia Montana” movement for post-communism is that it invites post-communist subjects to reflect (...)
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  8. Lavinia Betea (2010). The Woman in the Communist Regime. Meta-Analysis About a Gender Study. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 5 (14):31-40.score: 24.0
    From the perspective of meta-analysis done in a qualitative structure, the study puts forward an inventory of the communist regime studies in the following ways: 1. The re-evaluation of the social ideology-propaganda-practice relationship of the equality between sexes in the communist regime. 2. The contextualization and the evolution of the social representations of a woman's role. 3. The effects of some political decisions, which can count as aggressiveness of a state towards its citizens (770/1966 Decree).
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  9. Codruta Cuceu (2010). Nicolae Kallós, A Dialogue on Jewish Identity, Holocaust, and Communism as Personal Experiences. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 4 (10):250-252.score: 24.0
    Nicolae Kallós, A dialogue on Jewish identity, Holocaust, and Communism as personal Experiences Registered and edited by Sandu Frunzã, The Publishing House of the Axis Foundation, Iaoi, 2003.
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  10. Zdeněk Konopásek & Zuzana Kusá (2006). Political Screenings as Trials of Strength: Making the Communist Power/Lessness Real. [REVIEW] Human Studies 29 (3):341 - 362.score: 24.0
    In this paper, we discuss the problem of communist power in so called totalitarian regimes. Inspired by strategies of explanation in contemporary science studies and by the ethnomethodological conception of social order, we suggest that the power of communists is not to be taken as an unproblematic source of explanation; rather, we take this power as something that is itself in need of being explained. We study personal narratives on political screenings that took place in Czechoslovakia in 1970 and analyze (...)
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  11. Gabriel Andreescu & Liviu Andreescu (2010). Church and State in Post-Communist Romania: Priorities on the Research Agenda. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 8 (24):19-45.score: 24.0
    This paper looks at the state of research on churchstate relations in post-communist Romania in order to provide an outline of the most important questions which need to be addressed in the coming years. The article consists of two parts. First, a survey of academic studies published over the past two decades on the relationship between the country’s churches and state after 1990. Secondly, a breakdown of pressing churchstate issues today, accompanied by short discussions of existing studies and suggestions as (...)
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  12. Codruta Cuceu (2010). Lucian Boia, The Scientific Mythology of Communism. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 5 (13):179-181.score: 24.0
    Lucian Boia, The Scientific Mythology of Communism Bucharest, Humanitas Publishing House, 2005.
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  13. Francesco Cassata (2012). The Italian Communist Party and the "Lysenko Affair" (1948-1955). Journal of the History of Biology 45 (3):469 - 498.score: 24.0
    This article explores the impact of the VASKhNIL conference upon the cultural policy of the Italian Communist Party (PCI) and Italian communist biology, with particular attention to the period between 1948 and 1951. News of the Moscow session did not appear in the Italian news media until October, 1948, and for the next three years party biologists struggled over whether to translate the official transcript of the proceedings, The Situation in Biological Science, into Italian. This struggle reveals the complex efforts (...)
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  14. Marius Jucan (2010). Adrian Neculau (Ed.) Viata Cotidianã În Communism (Everyday Life in Communism). Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 5 (13):163-164.score: 24.0
    Adrian Neculau (ed.) Viata cotidianã în communism (Everyday Life in Communism) Polirom, Iaoi, 2005, 367 pages.
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  15. Corneliu Pintilescu & Andrada Fatu-Tutoveanu (2011). Jehova's Witnesses in Post-Communist Romania: The Relationship Between the Religious Minority and the State (1989-2010). Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 10 (30):102-126.score: 24.0
    This study aims at chronicling current aspects and transformations in the relationship between the Jehovah's Witnesses religious minority and the Romanian state (1989-2010), focusing on this religious group's changing official status. Considering both previous contributions and debates on the relations between state and religion, and the distinction between the concepts of denomination versus sect, the present work analyzes the key issues of the long-lasting conflict between the state and this particular religious minority, as well as the factors influencing these relations (...)
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  16. Daniela Angi (2011). Three Instances of Church and Anti-Communist Opposition: Hungary, Poland and Romania. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 10 (28):21-64.score: 24.0
    Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} The article analyzes the relationship between the dominant Churches from Hungary, Poland and Romania and the opposition to Communist regimes. The Churches – seen as institutional actors of civil society – are analyzed in terms of their material and symbolic resources which may act as prerequisites for the (...)
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  17. Codruta Cuceu (2010). Gen, corp, politicã în comunism/ Gender, Body, and Politics during Communism. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 4 (10):194-202.score: 24.0
    This paper represents a reading of communism from the perspective of corporality. The essay aims at discussing the excessive communization of the human body during communism. This communization brought about a vulgarization of corporality, its uniformization, and hyper-egalitarianism between genders. It also resulted in a mechanical treatment of the human body in order to place it at the disposal of the body politic. This work aims to demonstrate that one of the major mistakes of communist ideology, at least (...)
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  18. Codruta Cuceu (2010). George Voicu, The Evil Gods. The Culture of Conspiracy in Post-Communist Romania. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 1 (3):233-236.score: 24.0
    George Voicu, The Evil Gods. The Culture of Conspiracy in post-communist Romania Polirom Publishing House, 2000, 245p.
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  19. James R. Kluegel (2008). Social Justice and Political Change: Public Opinion in Capitalist and Post-Communist States. Aldinetransaction.score: 21.0
    Social Justice and Political Change, involves the collaboration of thirty social scientists in twelve countries, and represents broad-ranging comparative ...
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  20. Václav Bělohradsky (2011). The Post-Communist Manifesto. Human Affairs 21 (1):62-69.score: 21.0
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  21. Stefan Sebastian Maftei (2010). The Rhetoric of “Revolution” Dismantled: The Case of Communist Propaganda. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 4 (10):166-181.score: 21.0
    This paper issues a highly controversial point: is there possible that a concept of ‘revolution’ can legitimize the historical revolutionary action and, if yes, how could this be possible? This debate on revolution is a subsequent part of a larger puzzle: the hermeneutics of the historical fact. Roughly explained, the concept of ‘revolution’ is the major piece of a ’revolutionary rhetoric,’ which generates the interpretation of the historical fact. Samples are offered by means of the concept of ‘revolution’ issued by (...)
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  22. James D. Bales (1969). Communism and the Reality of Moral Law. Nutley, N.J.,Craig Press.score: 21.0
     
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  23. William Ernest Barton (1966). The Moral Challenge of Communism: Some Ethical Aspects of Marxist-Leninist Society. London, Friends Home Service Committee.score: 21.0
     
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  24. N. V. Bychkova, Rostislav Aleksandrovich Lavrov & V. A. Li͡ubisheva (eds.) (1962). Communist Morality. Moscow, Progress Publishers.score: 21.0
     
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  25. Maurice Campbell Cornforth (1972). Communism and Human Values. New York,International Publishers.score: 21.0
     
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  26. Maurice Campbell Cornforth (1980). Communism and Philosophy: Contemporary Dogmas and Revisions of Marxism. Lawrence and Wishart.score: 21.0
  27. James Kern Feibleman (1937/1979). Christianity, Communism, and the Ideal Society: A Philosophical Approach to Modern Politics. Ams Press.score: 21.0
     
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  28. Eduard Heimann (1938/1981). Communism, Fascism, or Democracy? Ams Press.score: 21.0
  29. David MacGregor (1998). Hegel and Marx After the Fall of Communism. University of Wales Press.score: 21.0
  30. Mihailo Marković (1974). The Contemporary Marx: Essays on Humanist Communism. Spokesman Books.score: 21.0
  31. Te-Sheng Meng (1980). Chinese Communism Vs. Confucianism (1966-1974): An Historical and Critical Study. Free Men Magazine.score: 21.0
  32. David S. Nivison (1954). Communist Ethics and Chinese Tradition. Cambridge, Center for International Studies, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.score: 21.0
     
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  33. Bruno S. Sergi & William T. Bagatelas (eds.) (2005). Ethical Implications of Post-Communist Transition Economics and Politics in Europe. Iura Edition.score: 21.0
     
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  34. Antonio Negri (2011). Is It Possible to Be Communist Without Marx? Critical Horizons 12 (1):5-14.score: 18.0
    This paper explores the question of whether it is possible to be communist without Marx. This entails encountering the ontological dimension of communism, that is, the material tenor of this ontology, its residual effectiveness, the desire of human beings to go beyond capital, and the reality of the episode of statism.
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  35. Sinan Dogramaci (2013). Communist Conventions for Deductive Reasoning. Noûs 48 (4).score: 18.0
    In section 1, I develop epistemic communism, my view of the function of epistemically evaluative terms such as ‘rational’. The function is to support the coordination of our belief-forming rules, which in turn supports the reliable acquisition of beliefs through testimony. This view is motivated by the existence of valid inferences that we hesitate to call rational. I defend the view against the worry that it fails to account for a function of evaluations within first-personal deliberation. In the rest (...)
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  36. T. I. Oizerman (2009). Paradoxes in the Communist Theory of Marxism. Diogenes 56 (2-3):37-50.score: 18.0
    In their work The German Ideology, the founders of Marxism assert that the prerequisite of post-capitalist (defined by them as communist) society is the universal development of human abilities and all social relations. But then on the same page, contrary to this statement, it is alleged that the abolition of private property is not only highly topical but it is also an imperative history-making task. In Manifesto of the Communist Party, Marx and Engels explain that economic crises recurrently shaking capitalist (...)
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  37. S. Stojanovic (2010). Collapse of Communism, Crisis of Capitalism, and the State of Humanity. Philosophy and Social Criticism 36 (8):903-916.score: 18.0
    This article argues the main following points. (1) Communism was fatefully dependent upon the action or inaction of its top leaders because of the vulnerability of the hyper-centralized power and hyper-centralized defense of the ruling class and the ruling party. No one was really able to seriously predict the historical contingencies such as Gorbachev and Yeltsin that played a decisive role. The most that social scientists and analysts could safely claim was that communism had become unsuccessful and problematical (...)
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  38. David Drake (2010). The 'Anti-Existentialist Offensive': The French Communist Party Against Sartre (19441948). Sartre Studies International 16 (1):69-94.score: 18.0
    This article considers Sartre's relations with the French Communist Party (PCF) in the years immediately following the Liberation when the PCF considered that, of all the prominent French intellectuals, it was Sartre who posed the greatest threat. This article opens by situating the PCF within the French political landscape immediately after the Liberation and addressing its attitudes towards intellectuals. It then examines the main themes of the attacks launched by the PCF, between 1944 and the staging of Les Mains sales (...)
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  39. J. Furner (2011). Marx's Sketch of Communist Society in The German Ideology and the Problems of Occupational Confinement and Occupational Identity. Philosophy and Social Criticism 37 (2):189-215.score: 18.0
    The sketch of communist society in The German Ideology is often dismissed for lacking seriousness or coherence. Thorough philological, contextual and philosophical inquiry reveals otherwise. The final version of the sketch enjoys a systematic place within Marx’s thought, as a description of activity in developed communism, and advances a provocative thesis of the negation of vocation. This thesis is composed of two distinct claims: occupational confinement is abolished, and occupational identities disappear. These claims recommend communist society on grounds of (...)
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  40. Anca Gheaus (2008). Gender Justice and the Welfare State in Post-Communism. Feminist Theory 9 (2):185-206.score: 18.0
    Some Romanian feminist scholars argue that welfare policies of post-communist states are deeply unjust to women and preclude them from reaching economic autonomy. The upshot of this argument is that liberal economic policy would advance feminist goals better than the welfare state. How should we read this dissonance between Western and some Eastern feminist scholarship concerning distributive justice? I identify the problem of dependency at the core of a possible debate about feminism and welfare. Worries about how decades of (...) have shaped citizenry feed feminists' suspicion of the welfare state and fears of paternalist policies. I criticize the arguments in favour of neoliberal policies and I suggest a crucial distinction between legitimate, universal forms of human dependency and dependencies that result from particular social arrangements. (shrink)
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  41. Jing-Bao Nie (2004). The West's Dismissal of the Khabarovsk Trial as 'Communist Propaganda': Ideology, Evidence and International Bioethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 1 (1):32-42.score: 18.0
    In late 1949 the former Soviet Union conducted an open trial of eight Japanese physicians and researchers and four other military servicemen in Khabarovsk, a city in eastern Siberia. Despite its strong ideological tone and many obvious shortcomings such as the lack of international participation, the trial established beyond reasonable doubt that the Japanese army had prepared and deployed bacteriological weapons and that Japanese researchers had conducted cruel experiments on living human beings. However, the trial, together with the evidence presented (...)
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  42. Maurice A. Finocchiaro (1984). Gramsci: An Alternative Communism? Studies in East European Thought 27 (2):123-146.score: 18.0
    This is an attempt to determine the character of Antonio Gramsci''s Marxism by way of a critical analysis of Luciano Pellicani''sGramsci: An Alternative Communism? His interpretation is that, except for a peaceful revolutionary strategy, Gramsci is a typical Marxist-Leninist. This is criticized by pointing out that it is largely grounded on non-Gramscian texts, that its references to Gramsci are primarily to an intermediate phase of his development, and that its construal of the mature texts of thePrison Notebooks does violence (...)
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  43. Emmanuel Alloa (2012). The Inorganic Community. Hypotheses on Literary Communism in Novalis, Benjamin and Blanchot. Boundary2. An International Journal of Literature and Culture 39 (3):75-95.score: 18.0
    If literary avant-garde journals and their communities have been, in the twentieth century, a space for creating, if not sustaining, major political utopias, it should help explain why this “literary communism,” as Jean-Luc Nancy called it, is not a weakened or substitutional form of politics. No myth without narration, no implementation without an instrumentation, no organic unity without a political organ voicing its claim, in short: no organicity without an organon. But can there be a (literary) community that does (...)
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  44. Lance E. Brouthers, Dana-Nicoleta Lascu & Steve Werner (2008). Competitive Irrationality in Transitional Economies: Are Communist Managers Less Irrational? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 83 (3):397 - 408.score: 18.0
    Why do marketing managers in the transitional economies of Eastern Europe and China often engage in competitively irrational behavior, choosing pricing strategies that damage competitors’ profits, rather than choosing pricing strategies that improve their firm’s profits? We propose one possible reason, the moral vacuum created by the collapse of communist ideology. We hypothesize and find that managers who experienced formal communist moral ideological indoctrination are less likely to be competitively irrational than the post-communist managers who did not. Implications are discussed.
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  45. Bruce Macfarlane & Ming Cheng (2008). Communism, Universalism and Disinterestedness: Re-Examining Contemporary Support Among Academics for Merton's Scientific Norms. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (1):67-78.score: 18.0
    This paper re-examines the relevance of three academic norms to contemporary academic life – communism, universalism and disinterestedness – based on the work of Robert Merton. The results of a web-based survey elicited responses to a series of value statements and were analysed using the weighted average method and through cross-tabulation. Results indicate strong support for communism as an academic norm defined in relation to sharing research results and teaching materials as opposed to protecting intellectual copyright and withholding (...)
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  46. Lawrence J. Walker & Thomas J. Moran (1991). Moral Reasoning in a Communist Chinese Society. Journal of Moral Education 20 (2):139-155.score: 18.0
    Abstract This study examined the cross?cultural universality of Kohlberg's theory of moral reasoning development in the People's Republic of China??a culture quite different from the one out of which the theory arose. In particular, the applicability of the theory was evaluated in terms of its comprehensiveness and the validity of the moral stage model. Participants were 52 adolescents and adults, drawn from five groups: moral leaders, intellectuals, workers, college and junior high school students. In individual interviews they responded to hypothetical (...)
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  47. Walton Padelford & Darin W. White (2010). The Influence of Historical Socialism and Communism on the Shaping of a Society's Economic Ethos: An Exploratory Study of Central and Eastern Europe. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 97 (1):109 - 117.score: 18.0
    This study utilizes an exploratory research design to investigate the influence of historical socialism and communism on the shaping of a society's economic ethos. The discussion of ethics and economics has a very long history across multiple disciplines including the founder of modern economics, Adam Smith. However, with the growth of economic science, academic consideration has shifted toward positive analysis while normative analysis has been left mainly to philosophers. By utilizing the newly developed Morality of Profit-Making (MPM) scale, the (...)
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  48. Doyne Dawson (1992). Cities of the Gods: Communist Utopias in Greek Thought. OUP USA.score: 18.0
    Cities of the Gods is a historical study of the theory of Utopian communism in ancient Greek thought, identifying and assessing its several currents. The author looks at the reason for the decline of the Utopian traditions after c. 150 BC and suggests that the main factor was the Roman conquest of the Greek world, which produced a more conservative intellectual climate. He concludes by looking at the evidence for the survival of utopian traditions, particularly their influence on early (...)
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  49. Laurence Thomas (1979). Capitalism Versus Marx's Communism. Studies in East European Thought 20 (1):67-79.score: 18.0
    In this paper, I have assessed Marx's criticism of capitalism, and the practice of divided labor, from the standpoint of two important senses of worth which persons can have, namely self-respect and self-esteem. I have tried to show that in either case, Communism, as Marx envisioned it, is not the superior to capitalism he might have supposed. Along the way, I hope to have also shown the importance of distinguishing between two concepts, namely self-respect and self-esteem.
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  50. Brindusa Palade (2000). The Romanian Utopia: The Role of the Intelligentsia in the Communist Implementation of a New Human Paradigm. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 3 (2-3):107-115.score: 18.0
    (2000). The Romanian utopia: The role of the intelligentsia in the communist implementation of a new human paradigm. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy: Vol. 3, The Philosophy of Utopia, pp. 107-115.
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