Search results for 'Communism and science' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Andreas Pickel (2001). Between Social Science and Social Technology: Toward a Philosophical Foundation for Post-Communist Transformation Studies. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 31 (4):459-487.score: 49.0
    This analysis examines fundamental questions at the intersection of social science and social technology as well as problems of disciplinary divisions and the challenge of cross-disciplinary cooperation. Its theoretical-empirical context is provided by post-communist transformations, a set of profound societal changes in which institutional design plays a central role. The article critically reappraises the contribution of Karl Popper's philosophy to this problem context, examines neoliberalism as social science and social technology, and examines the role of experts and disciplinary (...)
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  2. Codruta Cuceu (2010). Lucian Boia, The Scientific Mythology of Communism. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 5 (13):179-181.score: 42.0
    Lucian Boia, The Scientific Mythology of Communism Bucharest, Humanitas Publishing House, 2005.
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  3. Fa-ti Fan (2012). “Collective Monitoring, Collective Defense”: Science, Earthquakes, and Politics in Communist China. Science in Context 25 (1):127-154.score: 39.0
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  4. Roberto Festa (2006). Philosophy, Science, and (Anti-) Communism: The Two Lives of Imre Lakatos. Philosophy of Science 57:247-253.score: 39.0
  5. György Péteri (1993). “Scientists Versus Scholars”: The Prelude to Communist Takeover in Hungarian Science, 1945–1947. [REVIEW] Minerva 31 (3):291-325.score: 36.0
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  6. Kenneth W. Rose, Erwin Levold & Lee R. Hiltzik (1991). Ivan Pavlov on Communist Dogmatism and the Autonomy of Science in the Soviet Union in the Early 1920s. Minerva 29 (4):463-475.score: 36.0
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  7. Michael Shortland (1988). The Communist Party and Soviet Science. History of European Ideas 9 (5):611-613.score: 36.0
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  8. James Kern Feibleman (1937/1979). Christianity, Communism, and the Ideal Society: A Philosophical Approach to Modern Politics. Ams Press.score: 33.0
     
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  9. David MacGregor (1998). Hegel and Marx After the Fall of Communism. University of Wales Press.score: 33.0
  10. Karl Marx (1996). Marx: Later Political Writings. Cambridge University Press.score: 27.0
    Marx: Later Political Writings brings together new translations of Marx's most important texts in political philosophy written after 1848. Marx challenged poitical theory to its very fundamentals, as his works do not follow traditional models for exploring politics theoretically. In his introduction, Terrell Carver situates Marx in a politics of democratic constitutionalism and revolutionary communism. The works are presented here complete, according to the first editions or the earliest manuscript state, and include the Manifesto of the Communist Party, the (...)
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  11. Zdeněk Konopásek & Zuzana Kusá (2006). Political Screenings as Trials of Strength: Making the Communist Power/Lessness Real. [REVIEW] Human Studies 29 (3):341 - 362.score: 27.0
    In this paper, we discuss the problem of communist power in so called totalitarian regimes. Inspired by strategies of explanation in contemporary science studies and by the ethnomethodological conception of social order, we suggest that the power of communists is not to be taken as an unproblematic source of explanation; rather, we take this power as something that is itself in need of being explained. We study personal narratives on political screenings that took place in Czechoslovakia in 1970 and (...)
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  12. Eliza Slavet (2008). Freud's 'Lamarckism' and the Politics of Racial Science. Journal of the History of Biology 41 (1):37 - 80.score: 27.0
    This article re-contextualizes Sigmund Freud's interest in the idea of the inheritance of acquired characteristics in terms of the socio-political connotations of Lamarckism and Darwinism in the 1930s and 1950s. Many scholars have speculated as to why Freud continued to insist on a supposedly outmoded theory of evolution in the 1930s even as he was aware that it was no longer tenable. While Freud's initial interest in the inheritance of phylogenetic memory was not necessarily politically motivated, his refusal to abandon (...)
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  13. Audra J. Wolfe (2012). The Cold War Context of the Golden Jubilee, Or, Why We Think of Mendel as the Father of Genetics. Journal of the History of Biology 45 (3):389 - 414.score: 27.0
    In September 1950, the Genetics Society of America (GSA) dedicated its annual meeting to a "Golden Jubilee of Genetics" that celebrated the 50th anniversary of the rediscovery of Mendel's work. This program, originally intended as a small ceremony attached to the coattails of the American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) meeting, turned into a publicity juggernaut that generated coverage on Mendel and the accomplishments of Western genetics in countless newspapers and radio broadcasts. The Golden Jubilee merits historical attention as both (...)
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  14. Hayward R. Alker (ed.) (1982). Dialectical Logics for the Political Sciences. Rodopi.score: 27.0
     
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  15. Francesco Cassata (2012). The Italian Communist Party and the "Lysenko Affair" (1948-1955). Journal of the History of Biology 45 (3):469 - 498.score: 27.0
    This article explores the impact of the VASKhNIL conference upon the cultural policy of the Italian Communist Party (PCI) and Italian communist biology, with particular attention to the period between 1948 and 1951. News of the Moscow session did not appear in the Italian news media until October, 1948, and for the next three years party biologists struggled over whether to translate the official transcript of the proceedings, The Situation in Biological Science, into Italian. This struggle reveals the complex (...)
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  16. J. B. S. Haldane (1939/1969). The Marxist Philosophy and the Sciences. Freeport, N.Y.,Books for Libraries Press.score: 27.0
  17. Mark B. Adams (2000). Last Judgment: The Visionary Biology of J. B. S. Haldane. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 33 (3):457 - 491.score: 24.0
    This paper seeks to reinterpret the life and work of J. B. S. Haldane by focusing on an illuminating but largely ignored essay he published in 1927, "The Last Judgment" -- the sequel to his better known work, "Daedalus" (1924). This astonishing essay expresses a vision of the human future over the next 40,000,000 years, one that revises and updates Wellsian futurism with the long range implications of the "new biology" for human destiny. That vision served as a kind of (...)
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  18. Karl Marx (1967/1997). Writings of the Young Marx on Philosophy and Society. Hackett Pub. Co..score: 24.0
    It features Easton and Guddat's own highly regarded translations (based on the best German editions as well as on the original manuscripts and first editions) ...
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  19. Harold Dorn (2000). Science, Marx, and History: Are There Still Research Frontiers? Perspectives on Science 8 (3):223-254.score: 24.0
    : Half a century of political Marxism and Soviet social science deflected Marxist thought from its canonical sources. Communism and Marxism were so intertwined by events of the twentieth century that it is difficult to see what remains of the latter after the demise of the former. Specifically, three foundational principles--"being determines consciousness," the Asiatic Mode of Production, and "the ideas of the ruling class are the ruling ideas"--have been corrupted by heartfelt ideological commitments. A review of those (...)
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  20. Sidney Hook (2002). Sidney Hook on Pragmatism, Democracy, and Freedom: The Essential Essays. Prometheus Books.score: 24.0
  21. Carlos Nelson Coutinho (2012). Gramsci's Political Thought. Brill.score: 24.0
    Introduction -- Youth, a contradictory formation: 1910-18 -- Workers' democracy and factory-councils: 1919-20 -- Passage to maturity: 1921-6 -- Methodological observations on the prison notebooks -- The 'extended' theory of the state -- The party as 'collective intellectual' -- The current relevance and universality of Gramsci.
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  22. Liliana Alexandrova (ed.) (1982). Some Philosophical and Methodological Problems of the Scientific and Technological Revolution: Lecture. Academy of Social Sciences and Social Management at the C.C. Of the B.C.P..score: 24.0
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  23. John A. Hall (1993). The Vacuum. Center for German and European Studies, University of California.score: 24.0
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  24. Hans Heinz Holz (2010). Marxistische Wissenschaft: Wolfgang Eichhorn Und Erich Hahn Zu Ihrem 80. Geburtstag von Ihren Freunden Zugedacht. Dinter.score: 24.0
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  25. Hans Heinz Holz (2010). Marxistische Wissenschaft: Wolfgang Eichhorn Und Erich Hahn Zu Ihrem 80. Dinter.score: 24.0
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  26. David E. Ingersoll (2009). The Philosophic Roots of Modern Ideology: Liberalism, Conservatism, Marxism, Fascism, Nazism, Islamism. Sloan Pub..score: 24.0
  27. Ernesto Laclau (ed.) (1994). The Making of Political Identities. Verso.score: 24.0
  28. In-hyŏk Pang (2009). Hanʼguk Ŭi Pyŏnhyŏk Undong Kwa Sasang Nonjaeng: Marŭkʻŭsijŭm, Chuchʻe Sasang, Nl, Pd Kŭrigo Nyu Raitʻŭ Kkaji. Sonamu.score: 24.0
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  29. Ivan Supek (2005). Refleksije o Znanosti I Politici. Prometej.score: 24.0
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  30. N. Ustri͡alov (2006). Ocherki Filosofii Ėpokhi. Vuzovskai͡a Kniga.score: 24.0
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  31. Amy E. Wendling (2012). The Ruling Ideas: Bourgeois Political Concepts. Lexington Books.score: 24.0
    Machine generated contents note: Introduction -- Chapter 1: Labor -- Political Ontology -- The Category Labor -- Labor1: Ontology of the Self -- Labor2: Historical Mode of Activity -- Labor3: Category of Capitalist Modernity -- Conclusion: On Work and Identity -- Chapter 2: Time -- Abstract Time as a System of Domination -- Bourgeois Temporal Norms -- Resistances to Temporal Domination -- Rebellions against Temporal Domination -- Complicity with Temporal Domination -- Conclusion: Social Class and Temporality -- Chapter 3: Property (...)
     
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  32. Xinhui Yu (ed.) (2006). Zhi Rong Ru Ming Ming de Ren Tian Xia: She Hui Zhu Yi Rong Ru Guan Yan Jiu Sheng Jiao Yu du Ben. Shanghai da Xue Chu Ban She.score: 24.0
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  33. Henk Zandvoort (2005). Knowledge, Risk, and Liability. Analysis of a Discussion Continuing Within Science and Technology. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 84 (1):469-498.score: 22.0
    In this paper I present my reflections on the ethics of science as described by Merton and as actually practiced by scientists and technologists. This ethics was the subject of Kuipers' paper "'Default norms' in Research Ethics" (Kuipers 2001). There is an implicit assumption in this ethics, notably in Merton's norm of communism, that knowledge is always, or unconditionally good, and hence that scientific research, and the dissemination of its results, is unconditionally good. I will give here reasons (...)
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  34. Donna J. Drucker (2012). 'A Most Interesting Chapter in the History of Science' Intellectual Responses to Alfred Kinsey's Sexual Behavior in the Human Male. History of the Human Sciences 25 (1):75-98.score: 22.0
    There were three broad categories of academic responses to Alfred Kinsey’s Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (Kinsey, Pomeroy and Martin, 1948): method; findings; and broader reflections on the book’s place in American social life and democracy. This article focuses primarily on archival academic responses to Kinsey’s work that appeared in the year following the book’s publication. Many academics agreed that some aspects of Kinsey’s method were flawed and that his interpretations sometimes overreached his raw data. Nonetheless, they also agreed (...)
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  35. Nikolai Krementsov (1995). The 'KR Affair': Soviet Science on the Threshold of the Cold War. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17 (3):419 - 446.score: 22.0
    The 'Kliueva-Roskin affair' of 1946-1947 is virtually unknown to Soviet and Western historians of science alike, but newly discovered archives show that it constituted a critical turning point in post-war Soviet science. In early 1946 Moscow clinician Nina Kliueva, together with her husband Georgii Roskin (a Moscow University professor), published experimental results suggesting that malignant tumor growth could be inhibited by a preparation ('KR') made from the protozoan, Trypanosoma cruzi. This putative cancer cure attracted considerable attention from the (...)
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  36. Massimo Pigliucci (2013). When Science Studies Religion: Six Philosophy Lessons for Science Classes. Science and Education 22 (1):49-67.score: 21.0
    It is an unfortunate fact of academic life that there is a sharp divide between science and philosophy, with scientists often being openly dismissive of philosophy, and philosophers being equally contemptuous of the naivete ́ of scientists when it comes to the philosophical underpinnings of their own discipline. In this paper I explore the possibility of reducing the distance between the two sides by introducing science students to some interesting philosophical aspects of research in evolutionary biology, using biological (...)
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  37. Massimo Pigliucci & Maarten Boudry (2011). Why Machine-Information Metaphors Are Bad for Science and Science Education. Science and Education 20 (453):471.score: 21.0
    Genes are often described by biologists using metaphors derived from computa- tional science: they are thought of as carriers of information, as being the equivalent of ‘‘blueprints’’ for the construction of organisms. Likewise, cells are often characterized as ‘‘factories’’ and organisms themselves become analogous to machines. Accordingly, when the human genome project was initially announced, the promise was that we would soon know how a human being is made, just as we know how to make airplanes and buildings. Impor- (...)
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  38. Nicholas Maxwell (1997). Must Science Make Cosmological Assumptions If It is to Be Rational?,. In T. Kelly (ed.), The Philosophy of Science: Proceedings of the Irish Philosophical Society Spring Conference. Irish Philosophical Society.score: 21.0
    Cosmological speculation about the ultimate nature of the universe, being necessary for science to be possible at all, must be regarded as a part of scientific knowledge itself, however epistemologically unsound it may be in other respects. The best such speculation available is that the universe is comprehensible in some way or other and, more specifically, in the light of the immense apparent success of modern natural science, that it is physically comprehensible. But both these speculations may be (...)
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  39. Sharon Crasnow (2008). Feminist Philosophy of Science: 'Standpoint' and Knowledge. [REVIEW] Science and Education 17 (10):1089-1110.score: 21.0
    Feminist philosophy of science has been criticized on several counts. On the one hand, it is claimed that it results in relativism of the worst sort since the political commitment to feminism is prima facie incompatible with scientific objectivity. On the other hand, when critics acknowledge that there may be some value in work that feminists have done, they comment that there is nothing particularly feminist about their accounts. I argue that both criticisms can be addressed through a better (...)
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  40. Thomas Mormann (2013). Topology as an Issue for History of Philosophy of Science. In Hanne Andersen, Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao J. Gonzalez, Thomas Uebel & Gregory Wheeler (eds.), New Challenges to Philosophy of Science. Springer. 423--434.score: 21.0
    Since antiquity well into the beginnings of the 20th century geometry was a central topic for philosophy. Since then, however, most philosophers of science, if they took notice of topology at all, considered it as an abstruse subdiscipline of mathematics lacking philosophical interest. Here it is argued that this neglect of topology by philosophy may be conceived of as the sign of a conceptual sea-change in philosophy of science that expelled geometry, and, more generally, mathematics, from the central (...)
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  41. Ave Mets & Piret Kuusk (2009). The Constructive Realist Account of Science and its Application to Ilya Prigogine's Conception of Laws of Nature. Foundations of Science 14 (3):239-248.score: 21.0
    Sciences are often regarded as providing the best, or, ideally, exact, knowledge of the world, especially in providing laws of nature. Ilya Prigogine, who was awarded the Nobel Prize for his theory of non-equilibrium chemical processes—this being also an important attempt to bridge the gap between exact and non-exact sciences [mentioned in the Presentation Speech by Professor Stig Claesson (nobelprize.org, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1977)]—has had this ideal in mind when trying to formulate a new kind of science. (...)
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  42. Agnieszka Lekka-Kowalik (2010). Why Science Cannot Be Value-Free. Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (1):33-41.score: 21.0
    Against the ideal of value-free science I argue that science is not––and cannot be––value-free and that relevant values are both cognitive and moral. I develop an argument by indicating various aspects of the value-ladenness of science. The recognition of the value-ladenness of science requires rethinking our understanding of the rationality and responsibility of science. Its rationality cannot be seen as merely instrumental––as it was seen by the ideal of value-free science––for this would result in (...)
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  43. Babette Babich (2006). Gay Science: Science and Wissenschaft, Leidenschaft and Music. In Keith Ansell-Pearson (ed.), Gay Science: Science and Wissenschaft, Leidenschaft and Music. Blackwell.score: 21.0
    On Nietzsche, science, the oral tradition -- or the troubadours and ancient Greek music drama.
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  44. Nicholas Maxwell (2009). The Metaphysics of Science: An Account of Modern Science in Terms of Principles, Laws and Theories. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 23 (2):228 – 232.score: 21.0
    This is a review of Craig Dilworth's The Metaphysics of Science (Dordrecht, Springer, 2007). The book propounds an immensely important idea. Science makes metaphysical presuppositions. Unfortunately, Dilworth ignores work that has been done on this issue which takes the matter much further than he does.
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  45. Monica Aufrecht (2011). The Context Distinction: Controversies Over Feminist Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW] European Journal for Philosophy of Science 1 (3):373-392.score: 21.0
    The “context of discovery” and “context of justification” distinction has been used by Noretta Koertge and Lynn Hankinson Nelson in debates over the legitimacy of feminist approaches to philosophy of science. Koertge uses the context distinction to focus the conversation by barring certain approaches. I contend this focus masks points of true disagreement about the nature of justification. Nonetheless, Koertge raises important questions that have been too quickly set aside by some. I conclude that the context distinction should not (...)
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  46. Paul Hoyningen-Huene (1993). Reconstructing Scientific Revolutions: Thomas S. Kuhn's Philosophy of Science. University of Chicago Press.score: 21.0
    Few philosophers of science have influenced as many readers as Thomas S. Kuhn. Yet no comprehensive study of his ideas has existed--until now. In this volume, Paul Hoyningen-Huene examines Kuhn's work over four decades, from the days before The Structure of Scientific Revolutions to the present, and puts Kuhn's philosophical development in a historical framework. Scholars from disciplines as diverse as political science and art history have offered widely differing interpretations of Kuhn's ideas, appropriating his notions of paradigm (...)
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  47. Nigel Stepp, Anthony Chemero & Michael T. Turvey (2011). Philosophy for the Rest of Cognitive Science. Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (2):425-437.score: 21.0
    Cognitive science has always included multiple methodologies and theoretical commitments. The philosophy of cognitive science should embrace, or at least acknowledge, this diversity. Bechtel’s (2009a) proposed philosophy of cognitive science, however, applies only to representationalist and mechanist cognitive science, ignoring the substantial minority of dynamically oriented cognitive scientists. As an example of nonrepresentational, dynamical cognitive science, we describe strong anticipation as a model for circadian systems (Stepp & Turvey, 2009). We then propose a philosophy of (...)
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  48. A. A. Derksen (1993). The Seven Sins of Pseudo-Science. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 24 (1):17 - 42.score: 21.0
    In this paper I will argue that a profile of the pseudo-sciences can be gained from the scientific pretensions of the pseudo-scientist. These pretensions provide two yardsticks which together take care of the charge of scientific prejudice that any suggested demarcation of pseudo-science has to face. To demonstrate that my analysis has teeth I will apply it to Freud and modern-day Bach-kabbalists. Against Laudan I will argue that the problem of demarcation is not a pseudo-problem, though the discussion will (...)
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  49. Jeff Kochan (2011). Husserl and the Phenomenology of Science. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 42 (3):467-471.score: 21.0
    This article critically reviews an outstanding collection of new essays addressing Edmund Husserl’s Crisis of European Sciences. In Science and the Life-World (Stanford, 2010), David Hyder and Hans-Jörg Rheinberger bring together an impressive range of first-rate philosophers and historians. The collection explicates key concepts in Husserl’s often obscure work, compares Husserl’s phenomenology of science to the parallel tradition of historical epistemology, and provocatively challenges Husserl’s views on science. The explications are uniformly clear and helpful, the comparative work (...)
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  50. Mark B. Brown & David H. Guston (2009). Science, Democracy, and the Right to Research. Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (3):351-366.score: 21.0
    Debates over the politicization of science have led some to claim that scientists have or should have a “right to research.” This article examines the political meaning and implications of the right to research with respect to different historical conceptions of rights. The more common “liberal” view sees rights as protections against social and political interference. The “republican” view, in contrast, conceives rights as claims to civic membership. Building on the republican view of rights, this article conceives the right (...)
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