Search results for 'Communism and science' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Andreas Pickel (2001). Between Social Science and Social Technology: Toward a Philosophical Foundation for Post-Communist Transformation Studies. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 31 (4):459-487.score: 146.0
    This analysis examines fundamental questions at the intersection of social science and social technology as well as problems of disciplinary divisions and the challenge of cross-disciplinary cooperation. Its theoretical-empirical context is provided by post-communist transformations, a set of profound societal changes in which institutional design plays a central role. The article critically reappraises the contribution of Karl Popper's philosophy to this problem context, examines neoliberalism as social science and social technology, and examines the role of experts and disciplinary (...)
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  2. Fa-ti Fan (2012). “Collective Monitoring, Collective Defense”: Science, Earthquakes, and Politics in Communist China. Science in Context 25 (1):127-154.score: 126.0
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  3. Roberto Festa (2006). Philosophy, Science, and (Anti-) Communism: The Two Lives of Imre Lakatos. Philosophy of Science 57:247-253.score: 126.0
  4. György Péteri (1993). “Scientists Versus Scholars”: The Prelude to Communist Takeover in Hungarian Science, 1945–1947. [REVIEW] Minerva 31 (3):291-325.score: 120.0
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  5. Kenneth W. Rose, Erwin Levold & Lee R. Hiltzik (1991). Ivan Pavlov on Communist Dogmatism and the Autonomy of Science in the Soviet Union in the Early 1920s. Minerva 29 (4):463-475.score: 120.0
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  6. Michael Shortland (1988). The Communist Party and Soviet Science. History of European Ideas 9 (5):611-613.score: 120.0
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  7. Codruta Cuceu (2010). Lucian Boia, The Scientific Mythology of Communism. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 5 (13):179-181.score: 96.0
    Lucian Boia, The Scientific Mythology of Communism Bucharest, Humanitas Publishing House, 2005.
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  8. James Kern Feibleman (1937/1979). Christianity, Communism, and the Ideal Society: A Philosophical Approach to Modern Politics. Ams Press.score: 78.0
     
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  9. David MacGregor (1998). Hegel and Marx After the Fall of Communism. University of Wales Press.score: 78.0
  10. Zdeněk Konopásek & Zuzana Kusá (2006). Political Screenings as Trials of Strength: Making the Communist Power/Lessness Real. [REVIEW] Human Studies 29 (3):341 - 362.score: 66.0
    In this paper, we discuss the problem of communist power in so called totalitarian regimes. Inspired by strategies of explanation in contemporary science studies and by the ethnomethodological conception of social order, we suggest that the power of communists is not to be taken as an unproblematic source of explanation; rather, we take this power as something that is itself in need of being explained. We study personal narratives on political screenings that took place in Czechoslovakia in 1970 and (...)
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  11. Francesco Cassata (2012). The Italian Communist Party and the "Lysenko Affair" (1948-1955). Journal of the History of Biology 45 (3):469 - 498.score: 66.0
    This article explores the impact of the VASKhNIL conference upon the cultural policy of the Italian Communist Party (PCI) and Italian communist biology, with particular attention to the period between 1948 and 1951. News of the Moscow session did not appear in the Italian news media until October, 1948, and for the next three years party biologists struggled over whether to translate the official transcript of the proceedings, The Situation in Biological Science, into Italian. This struggle reveals the complex (...)
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  12. Eliza Slavet (2008). Freud's 'Lamarckism' and the Politics of Racial Science. Journal of the History of Biology 41 (1):37 - 80.score: 66.0
    This article re-contextualizes Sigmund Freud's interest in the idea of the inheritance of acquired characteristics in terms of the socio-political connotations of Lamarckism and Darwinism in the 1930s and 1950s. Many scholars have speculated as to why Freud continued to insist on a supposedly outmoded theory of evolution in the 1930s even as he was aware that it was no longer tenable. While Freud's initial interest in the inheritance of phylogenetic memory was not necessarily politically motivated, his refusal to abandon (...)
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  13. Harold Dorn (2000). Science, Marx, and History: Are There Still Research Frontiers? Perspectives on Science 8 (3):223-254.score: 60.0
    : Half a century of political Marxism and Soviet social science deflected Marxist thought from its canonical sources. Communism and Marxism were so intertwined by events of the twentieth century that it is difficult to see what remains of the latter after the demise of the former. Specifically, three foundational principles--"being determines consciousness," the Asiatic Mode of Production, and "the ideas of the ruling class are the ruling ideas"--have been corrupted by heartfelt ideological commitments. A review of those (...)
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  14. Hayward R. Alker (ed.) (1982). Dialectical Logics for the Political Sciences. Rodopi.score: 58.0
     
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  15. J. B. S. Haldane (1939/1969). The Marxist Philosophy and the Sciences. Freeport, N.Y.,Books for Libraries Press.score: 58.0
  16. Henk Zandvoort (2005). Knowledge, Risk, and Liability. Analysis of a Discussion Continuing Within Science and Technology. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 84 (1):469-498.score: 56.0
    In this paper I present my reflections on the ethics of science as described by Merton and as actually practiced by scientists and technologists. This ethics was the subject of Kuipers' paper "'Default norms' in Research Ethics" (Kuipers 2001). There is an implicit assumption in this ethics, notably in Merton's norm of communism, that knowledge is always, or unconditionally good, and hence that scientific research, and the dissemination of its results, is unconditionally good. I will give here reasons (...)
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  17. Donna J. Drucker (2012). 'A Most Interesting Chapter in the History of Science' Intellectual Responses to Alfred Kinsey's Sexual Behavior in the Human Male. History of the Human Sciences 25 (1):75-98.score: 56.0
    There were three broad categories of academic responses to Alfred Kinsey’s Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (Kinsey, Pomeroy and Martin, 1948): method; findings; and broader reflections on the book’s place in American social life and democracy. This article focuses primarily on archival academic responses to Kinsey’s work that appeared in the year following the book’s publication. Many academics agreed that some aspects of Kinsey’s method were flawed and that his interpretations sometimes overreached his raw data. Nonetheless, they also agreed (...)
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  18. Karl Marx (1996). Marx: Later Political Writings. Cambridge University Press.score: 54.0
    Marx: Later Political Writings brings together new translations of Marx's most important texts in political philosophy written after 1848. Marx challenged poitical theory to its very fundamentals, as his works do not follow traditional models for exploring politics theoretically. In his introduction, Terrell Carver situates Marx in a politics of democratic constitutionalism and revolutionary communism. The works are presented here complete, according to the first editions or the earliest manuscript state, and include the Manifesto of the Communist Party, the (...)
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  19. Walton Padelford & Darin W. White (2010). The Influence of Historical Socialism and Communism on the Shaping of a Society's Economic Ethos: An Exploratory Study of Central and Eastern Europe. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 97 (1):109 - 117.score: 54.0
    This study utilizes an exploratory research design to investigate the influence of historical socialism and communism on the shaping of a society's economic ethos. The discussion of ethics and economics has a very long history across multiple disciplines including the founder of modern economics, Adam Smith. However, with the growth of economic science, academic consideration has shifted toward positive analysis while normative analysis has been left mainly to philosophers. By utilizing the newly developed Morality of Profit-Making (MPM) scale, (...)
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  20. Audra J. Wolfe (2012). The Cold War Context of the Golden Jubilee, Or, Why We Think of Mendel as the Father of Genetics. Journal of the History of Biology 45 (3):389 - 414.score: 54.0
    In September 1950, the Genetics Society of America (GSA) dedicated its annual meeting to a "Golden Jubilee of Genetics" that celebrated the 50th anniversary of the rediscovery of Mendel's work. This program, originally intended as a small ceremony attached to the coattails of the American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) meeting, turned into a publicity juggernaut that generated coverage on Mendel and the accomplishments of Western genetics in countless newspapers and radio broadcasts. The Golden Jubilee merits historical attention as both (...)
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  21. Graciela López-Chávez Martínez & Chávez Hernández (2013). Educational simulation: teaching tool for Science, Technology and Society Education in the discipline of Philosophy and Society. Humanidades Médicas 13 (2):480-497.score: 54.0
    El perfeccionamiento de la disciplina Filosofía y Sociedad en la Educación Superior es una de la exigencias en los Lineamientos al VI Congreso del Partido Comunista de Cuba lo cual contribuye a la preparación de un profesional a la altura de los cambios científico tecnológicos que actualmente despliega la Educación Médica Superior cubana. Para el logro de este propósito se aplicó la simulación educativa como herramienta didáctica avanzada en temas de Ciencia Tecnología y Sociedad en la disciplina Filosofía y Sociedad, (...)
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  22. Krzysztof Brzechczyn (2008). On Two Predictions of the Collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe That is What Conditions of Making Accurate Predictions in History Are? Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 38:15-22.score: 54.0
    The decline of communism in Eastern Europe in years 1989-1991 was a big surprise for Western Sovietology. The sudden disappearance of the object of research would undermine the reason of existence of the whole science. For this reason, in the first half of the 90s Western scientists tried to answer following question: why Sovietology was not able to predict the demise of communism. The purpose of my paper is not to make one more analysis of factors responsible (...)
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  23. Pasquale N. Russo (ed.) (1983). Dialectical Perspectives in Philosophy and Social Science. B.R. Grüner.score: 54.0
  24. Mark B. Adams (2000). Last Judgment: The Visionary Biology of J. B. S. Haldane. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 33 (3):457 - 491.score: 48.0
    This paper seeks to reinterpret the life and work of J. B. S. Haldane by focusing on an illuminating but largely ignored essay he published in 1927, "The Last Judgment" -- the sequel to his better known work, "Daedalus" (1924). This astonishing essay expresses a vision of the human future over the next 40,000,000 years, one that revises and updates Wellsian futurism with the long range implications of the "new biology" for human destiny. That vision served as a kind of (...)
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  25. Karl Marx (1967/1997). Writings of the Young Marx on Philosophy and Society. Hackett Pub. Co..score: 48.0
    It features Easton and Guddat's own highly regarded translations (based on the best German editions as well as on the original manuscripts and first editions) ...
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  26. Sidney Hook (2002). Sidney Hook on Pragmatism, Democracy, and Freedom: The Essential Essays. Prometheus Books.score: 48.0
  27. Carlos Nelson Coutinho (2012). Gramsci's Political Thought. Brill.score: 48.0
    Introduction -- Youth, a contradictory formation: 1910-18 -- Workers' democracy and factory-councils: 1919-20 -- Passage to maturity: 1921-6 -- Methodological observations on the prison notebooks -- The 'extended' theory of the state -- The party as 'collective intellectual' -- The current relevance and universality of Gramsci.
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  28. Liliana Alexandrova (ed.) (1982). Some Philosophical and Methodological Problems of the Scientific and Technological Revolution: Lecture. Academy of Social Sciences and Social Management at the C.C. Of the B.C.P..score: 48.0
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  29. John A. Hall (1993). The Vacuum. Center for German and European Studies, University of California.score: 48.0
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  30. Hans Heinz Holz (2010). Marxistische Wissenschaft: Wolfgang Eichhorn Und Erich Hahn Zu Ihrem 80. Geburtstag von Ihren Freunden Zugedacht. Dinter.score: 48.0
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  31. Hans Heinz Holz (2010). Marxistische Wissenschaft: Wolfgang Eichhorn Und Erich Hahn Zu Ihrem 80. Dinter.score: 48.0
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  32. David E. Ingersoll (2009). The Philosophic Roots of Modern Ideology: Liberalism, Conservatism, Marxism, Fascism, Nazism, Islamism. Sloan Pub..score: 48.0
  33. Ernesto Laclau (ed.) (1994). The Making of Political Identities. Verso.score: 48.0
  34. In-hyŏk Pang (2009). Hanʼguk Ŭi Pyŏnhyŏk Undong Kwa Sasang Nonjaeng: Marŭkʻŭsijŭm, Chuchʻe Sasang, Nl, Pd Kŭrigo Nyu Raitʻŭ Kkaji. Sonamu.score: 48.0
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  35. Ivan Supek (2005). Refleksije o Znanosti I Politici. Prometej.score: 48.0
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  36. N. Ustri͡alov (2006). Ocherki Filosofii Ėpokhi. Vuzovskai͡a Kniga.score: 48.0
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  37. Amy E. Wendling (2012). The Ruling Ideas: Bourgeois Political Concepts. Lexington Books.score: 48.0
    Machine generated contents note: Introduction -- Chapter 1: Labor -- Political Ontology -- The Category Labor -- Labor1: Ontology of the Self -- Labor2: Historical Mode of Activity -- Labor3: Category of Capitalist Modernity -- Conclusion: On Work and Identity -- Chapter 2: Time -- Abstract Time as a System of Domination -- Bourgeois Temporal Norms -- Resistances to Temporal Domination -- Rebellions against Temporal Domination -- Complicity with Temporal Domination -- Conclusion: Social Class and Temporality -- Chapter 3: Property (...)
     
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  38. Xinhui Yu (ed.) (2006). Zhi Rong Ru Ming Ming de Ren Tian Xia: She Hui Zhu Yi Rong Ru Guan Yan Jiu Sheng Jiao Yu du Ben. Shanghai da Xue Chu Ban She.score: 48.0
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  39. Timothy V. Johnson (2011). “We Are Illegal Here”: The Communist Party, Self-Determination and the Alabama Share Croppers Union. Science and Society 75 (4):454 - 479.score: 42.0
    The Communist Party USA's reputation for being in the forefront of the fight against African American oppression was forged in the 1930s as the result of the adoption of the Communist International's position that African Americans were an oppressed nationality. According to Marxist-Leninist doctrine, this entitled African Americans to the right to self-determination in that area of the country where they were a majority (the Black Belt South) and equal social and political rights throughout the country. The organizational internalization of (...)
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  40. Pn Fedoseyev (1982). The 26th Congress of Communist-Party of the Ussr and the Actual Tasks of the Development of Social-Sciences. Filosoficky Casopis 30 (2):177-195.score: 40.0
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  41. Krzysztof Brzechczyn (2008). Polish Discussions on the Nature of Communism and Mechanisms of its Collapse: A Review Article. East European Politics and Societies 22 (4):828-855.score: 38.0
    The author, against the background of Communist Studies developed in Poland since World War I, reconstructs theoretical orientations that explained the communist system in that country. In this paper, the division of theoretical approaches into political, economic, and cultural ones is proposed. Each of them seeks factors responsible for nature, evolution, and final decline of the communist system in a different sphere of social life. An approach of the political type was Leszek Nowak’s theory of communism as a system (...)
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  42. Inessa Raiko (2014). Погляди Радянських Науковців На Роль Комуністичної Партії В Промисловому Розвитку Урср У Другій Половині 60-Х - 80-Х Рр. Хх Ст. [REVIEW] Схід 6:250-254.score: 36.0
    The paper deals with the analysis of the national scientists' research papers devoted to the study of the significant for the Soviet science subject, namely the role of the Communist Party in the industrial development of the Ukrainian SSR. The review of Soviet scientists' papers has showed that they studied different aspects of the USSR industrial development in the latest 60's-80's of the 20th century. Apart from historians, there were also economists, sophists, demographists who were engaged in the research (...)
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  43. Piotr Köhler (2011). Lysenko Affair and Polish Botany. Journal of the History of Biology 44 (2):305 - 343.score: 36.0
    This article describes the slight impact of Lysenkoism upon Polish botany. I begin with an account of the development of plant genetics in Poland, as well as the attitude of scientists and the Polish intelligentsia toward Marxist philosophy prior to the World War II. Next I provide a short history of the introduction and demise of Lysenkoism in Polish science, with a focus on events in botany, in context with key events in Polish science from 1939 to 1958. (...)
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  44. A. Emery (1935). Dialectics Versus Mechanics. A Communist Debate on Scientific Method. Philosophy of Science 2 (1):9-38.score: 36.0
  45. Graham Kelsey (1993). [Book Review] Anarchosyndicalism, Libertarian Communism, and the State, the Cnt in Zaragoza and Aragon, 1930-1937. [REVIEW] Science and Society 57 (4):478-481.score: 36.0
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  46. Laurence Schneider (2012). Michurinist Biology in the People's Republic of China, 1948-1956. Journal of the History of Biology 45 (3):525 - 556.score: 36.0
    Michurinist biology was introduced to China in 1948; granted a state supported monopoly in 1952; and reduced to parity with western genetics from 1956. The Soviets exported it through the propaganda agencies Sino Soviet Friendship Association (SSFA) and VOKS (Cultural Relations with Foreign Countries). China's Ministry of Agriculture achieved broad public awareness and acceptance of Michurinist biology through a translation, publication, and Soviet guest speakers campaign – all managed by a team of agriculturalists led by Luo Tianyu, a veteran CCP (...)
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  47. Andrew Levine (1995). [Book Review] the General Will, Rousseau, Marx, Communism. [REVIEW] Science and Society 59 (2):223-225.score: 36.0
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  48. Paul Cockshott, Allin Cottrell, Pat Devine & David Laibman (2002). The Relation Between Economic and Political Instances in the Communist Mode of Production. Science and Society 66 (1):50 - 71.score: 36.0
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  49. Ion Cordoneanu (2010). Sex si ideologie/ Sex and ideology. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 2 (6):179-187.score: 36.0
    Sex is the greatest magic force of nature. Its actions prefigure the mystery of the One. Plato and Orwell are two cases in which ideology distorts the sense of sexuality. Two thinkers of the XXth cen- tury, Julius Evola and Michel Foucault, represent two different perspectives for a philosophy of sexuality – a metaphysics and a history of con- science, but the ideology must be sought where we see too much freedom or no freedom at all. And for that, (...)
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  50. David Laibman (2003). Feminists and the Communist Experience: Continuing Debate. Science and Society 67 (4).score: 36.0
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