Search results for 'Communism and science' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  4
    Andrew Culp (2015). Philosophy, Science, and Virtual Communism. Angelaki 20 (4):91-107.
    This paper considers how science, philosophy, and “the virtual” inform the political potential of the communism that emerges within capitalism. It looks to the work of Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, in particular What is Philosophy?, to set the terms of an anti-capitalist science and philosophy. Their understanding of the contrasting roles of the virtual in science and philosophy is then used to draw points of distinction between the theories of Manuel DeLanda, Jason Read, and Maurizio (...)
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  2.  15
    Andreas Pickel (2001). Between Social Science and Social Technology: Toward a Philosophical Foundation for Post-Communist Transformation Studies. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 31 (4):459-487.
    This analysis examines fundamental questions at the intersection of social science and social technology as well as problems of disciplinary divisions and the challenge of cross-disciplinary cooperation. Its theoretical-empirical context is provided by post-communist transformations, a set of profound societal changes in which institutional design plays a central role. The article critically reappraises the contribution of Karl Popper's philosophy to this problem context, examines neoliberalism as social science and social technology, and examines the role of experts and disciplinary (...)
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  3.  34
    Remco Heesen, Communism and the Incentive to Share in Science.
    The communist norm requires that scientists widely share the results of their work. Where did this norm come from, and how does it persist? Michael Strevens provides a partial answer to these questions by showing that scientists should be willing to sign a social contract that mandates sharing. However, he also argues that it is not in an individual credit-maximizing scientist's interest to follow this norm. I argue against Strevens that individual scientists can rationally conform to the communist norm, even (...)
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  4. Fa-ti Fan (2012). “Collective Monitoring, Collective Defense”: Science, Earthquakes, and Politics in Communist China. Science in Context 25 (1):127-154.
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  5.  12
    Roberto Festa (2006). Philosophy, Science, and (Anti-) Communism: The Two Lives of Imre Lakatos. Philosophy of Science 57:247-253.
  6.  5
    György Péteri (1993). “Scientists Versus Scholars”: The Prelude to Communist Takeover in Hungarian Science, 1945–1947. [REVIEW] Minerva 31 (3):291-325.
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  7. Kenneth W. Rose, Erwin Levold & Lee R. Hiltzik (1991). Ivan Pavlov on Communist Dogmatism and the Autonomy of Science in the Soviet Union in the Early 1920s. Minerva 29 (4):463-475.
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  8. Michael Shortland (1988). The Communist Party and Soviet Science. History of European Ideas 9 (5):611-613.
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  9.  5
    Codruta Cuceu (2010). Lucian Boia, The Scientific Mythology of Communism. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 5 (13):179-181.
    Lucian Boia, The Scientific Mythology of Communism Bucharest, Humanitas Publishing House, 2005.
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  10. David MacGregor (1998). Hegel and Marx After the Fall of Communism. University of Wales Press.
    The collapse of the Soviet Empire led many to think that communism and perhaps socialism were no longer relevant to the modern world. _Hegel and Marx After the Fall of Communism _presents a balanced discussion for and against the validity of the arguments of two of the most important political philosophers of all time, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and Karl Marx. David MacGregor reinterprets Hegel and Marx’s philosophies, setting out key events in their lives against a backdrop of (...)
     
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  11. Alan R. Burger, Hyman R. Cohen & David H. Degrood (1980). Marxism, Science, and the Movement of History. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  12. James Kern Feibleman (1937/1979). Christianity, Communism, and the Ideal Society: A Philosophical Approach to Modern Politics. Ams Press.
     
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  13. Hilary Rose (1977). L'idéologie de/Dans la Science.
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  14.  8
    Zdeněk Konopásek & Zuzana Kusá (2006). Political Screenings as Trials of Strength: Making the Communist Power/Lessness Real. [REVIEW] Human Studies 29 (3):341 - 362.
    In this paper, we discuss the problem of communist power in so called totalitarian regimes. Inspired by strategies of explanation in contemporary science studies and by the ethnomethodological conception of social order, we suggest that the power of communists is not to be taken as an unproblematic source of explanation; rather, we take this power as something that is itself in need of being explained. We study personal narratives on political screenings that took place in Czechoslovakia in 1970 and (...)
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  15.  3
    Eliza Slavet (2008). Freud's 'Lamarckism' and the Politics of Racial Science. Journal of the History of Biology 41 (1):37 - 80.
    This article re-contextualizes Sigmund Freud's interest in the idea of the inheritance of acquired characteristics in terms of the socio-political connotations of Lamarckism and Darwinism in the 1930s and 1950s. Many scholars have speculated as to why Freud continued to insist on a supposedly outmoded theory of evolution in the 1930s even as he was aware that it was no longer tenable. While Freud's initial interest in the inheritance of phylogenetic memory was not necessarily politically motivated, his refusal to abandon (...)
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  16.  1
    Francesco Cassata (2012). The Italian Communist Party and the "Lysenko Affair" (1948-1955). Journal of the History of Biology 45 (3):469 - 498.
    This article explores the impact of the VASKhNIL conference upon the cultural policy of the Italian Communist Party (PCI) and Italian communist biology, with particular attention to the period between 1948 and 1951. News of the Moscow session did not appear in the Italian news media until October, 1948, and for the next three years party biologists struggled over whether to translate the official transcript of the proceedings, The Situation in Biological Science, into Italian. This struggle reveals the complex (...)
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  17.  14
    Harold Dorn (2000). Science, Marx, and History: Are There Still Research Frontiers? Perspectives on Science 8 (3):223-254.
    : Half a century of political Marxism and Soviet social science deflected Marxist thought from its canonical sources. Communism and Marxism were so intertwined by events of the twentieth century that it is difficult to see what remains of the latter after the demise of the former. Specifically, three foundational principles--"being determines consciousness," the Asiatic Mode of Production, and "the ideas of the ruling class are the ruling ideas"--have been corrupted by heartfelt ideological commitments. A review of those (...)
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  18. Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, A. M. Deborin, S. I. Vavilov, IAkov Markovich Uranovskii & V. L. Komarov (1935). Marxism and Modern Thought. G. Routledge & Sons, Ltd.
     
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  19.  10
    Audra J. Wolfe (2012). The Cold War Context of the Golden Jubilee, Or, Why We Think of Mendel as the Father of Genetics. Journal of the History of Biology 45 (3):389 - 414.
    In September 1950, the Genetics Society of America (GSA) dedicated its annual meeting to a "Golden Jubilee of Genetics" that celebrated the 50th anniversary of the rediscovery of Mendel's work. This program, originally intended as a small ceremony attached to the coattails of the American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) meeting, turned into a publicity juggernaut that generated coverage on Mendel and the accomplishments of Western genetics in countless newspapers and radio broadcasts. The Golden Jubilee merits historical attention as both (...)
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  20.  19
    Karl Marx (1996). Marx: Later Political Writings. Cambridge University Press.
    Marx: Later Political Writings brings together new translations of Marx's most important texts in political philosophy written after 1848. Marx challenged poitical theory to its very fundamentals, as his works do not follow traditional models for exploring politics theoretically. In his introduction, Terrell Carver situates Marx in a politics of democratic constitutionalism and revolutionary communism. The works are presented here complete, according to the first editions or the earliest manuscript state, and include the Manifesto of the Communist Party, the (...)
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  21.  6
    Michael Strevens (forthcoming). Scientific Sharing: Communism and the Social Contract. In Thomas Boyer-Kassem, Conor Mayo-Wilson & Michael Weisberg (eds.), Scientific Collaboration and Collective Knowledge. Oxford University Press
    Research programs regularly compete to achieve the same goal, such as the discovery of the structure of DNA or the construction of a TEA laser. The more the competing programs share information, the faster the goal is likely to be reached, to society's benefit. But the "priority rule"—the scientific norm mandating that the first program to reach the goal in question receive all the credit for the achievement—provides a powerful disincentive for programs to share information. How, then, is the clash (...)
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  22.  54
    Henk Zandvoort (2005). Knowledge, Risk, and Liability. Analysis of a Discussion Continuing Within Science and Technology. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 84 (1):469-498.
    In this paper I present my reflections on the ethics of science as described by Merton and as actually practiced by scientists and technologists. This ethics was the subject of Kuipers' paper "'Default norms' in Research Ethics" (Kuipers 2001). There is an implicit assumption in this ethics, notably in Merton's norm of communism, that knowledge is always, or unconditionally good, and hence that scientific research, and the dissemination of its results, is unconditionally good. I will give here reasons (...)
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  23.  13
    Walton Padelford & Darin W. White (2010). The Influence of Historical Socialism and Communism on the Shaping of a Society's Economic Ethos: An Exploratory Study of Central and Eastern Europe. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 97 (1):109 - 117.
    This study utilizes an exploratory research design to investigate the influence of historical socialism and communism on the shaping of a society's economic ethos. The discussion of ethics and economics has a very long history across multiple disciplines including the founder of modern economics, Adam Smith. However, with the growth of economic science, academic consideration has shifted toward positive analysis while normative analysis has been left mainly to philosophers. By utilizing the newly developed Morality of Profit-Making (MPM) scale, (...)
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  24.  10
    Krzysztof Brzechczyn (2008). On Two Predictions of the Collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe That is What Conditions of Making Accurate Predictions in History Are? Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 38:15-22.
    The decline of communism in Eastern Europe in years 1989-1991 was a big surprise for Western Sovietology. The sudden disappearance of the object of research would undermine the reason of existence of the whole science. For this reason, in the first half of the 90s Western scientists tried to answer following question: why Sovietology was not able to predict the demise of communism. The purpose of my paper is not to make one more analysis of factors responsible (...)
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  25.  7
    Donna J. Drucker (2012). 'A Most Interesting Chapter in the History of Science' Intellectual Responses to Alfred Kinsey's Sexual Behavior in the Human Male. History of the Human Sciences 25 (1):75-98.
    There were three broad categories of academic responses to Alfred Kinsey’s Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (Kinsey, Pomeroy and Martin, 1948): method; findings; and broader reflections on the book’s place in American social life and democracy. This article focuses primarily on archival academic responses to Kinsey’s work that appeared in the year following the book’s publication. Many academics agreed that some aspects of Kinsey’s method were flawed and that his interpretations sometimes overreached his raw data. Nonetheless, they also agreed (...)
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  26.  13
    Gerald Zahavi (2003). The "Trial" of Lee Benson: Communism, White Chauvinism, and the Foundations of the "New Political History" in the United States. History and Theory 42 (3):332–362.
    Lee Benson was one of the first American political historians to suggest a “systematic” revision of traditional political history with its emphasis on narrow economic class analysis, narrative arguments, and over-reliance on qualitative research methodologies. This essay presents Benson’s contributions to the “new political history”—an attempt to apply social-science methods, concepts, and theories to American political history—as a social, cultural, and political narrative of Cold War-era American history. Benson belonged to a generation of ex-Communist American historians and political scientists (...)
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  27.  4
    Graciela López-Chávez Martínez & Chávez Hernández (2013). Educational simulation: teaching tool for Science, Technology and Society Education in the discipline of Philosophy and Society. Humanidades Médicas 13 (2):480-497.
    El perfeccionamiento de la disciplina Filosofía y Sociedad en la Educación Superior es una de la exigencias en los Lineamientos al VI Congreso del Partido Comunista de Cuba lo cual contribuye a la preparación de un profesional a la altura de los cambios científico tecnológicos que actualmente despliega la Educación Médica Superior cubana. Para el logro de este propósito se aplicó la simulación educativa como herramienta didáctica avanzada en temas de Ciencia Tecnología y Sociedad en la disciplina Filosofía y Sociedad, (...)
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  28. John Mepham & D. H. Ruben (1981). Issues in Marxist Philosophy. Science and Society 45 (1):93-97.
     
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  29.  2
    V. I. Mazu (1976). Problems of Criticism of Revisionist Conceptions of the Revolution in Science and Technology. Russian Studies in Philosophy 15 (1):78-82.
    In order to consistently and effectively overcome attempts at revisionist vulgarization of revolutionary theory, which now pursue an active parasitic existence on the process of cognition of the essence and consequences of the revolution in science and technology, great importance should be attached to a correct understanding of the objective logic of the origin and development of contemporary revisionist conceptions. Analysis of the right-wing and "left-wing" revisionist deviations that the communist movement encounters shows that revisionist thought goes through a (...)
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  30.  3
    Andrew Levine (1995). [Book Review] the General Will, Rousseau, Marx, Communism. [REVIEW] Science and Society 59 (2):223-225.
    This bold and unabashedly utopian book advances the thesis that Marx's notion of communism is a defensible, normative ideal. However, unlike many others who have written in this area, Levine applies the tools and techniques of analytic philosophy to formulate and defend his radical, political programme. The argument proceeds by filtering the ideals and institutions of Marxism through Rousseau's notion of the 'general will'. Once Rousseau's ideas are properly understood it is possible to construct a community of equals who (...)
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  31.  5
    A. D. Ursul (1982). The Unity and Diversity of the World and the Differentiation and Integration of Knowledge: (Results of the Third Nationwide Conference on Philosophical Problems of Contemporary Science). Russian Studies in Philosophy 20 (4):3-34.
    The development of science and the acceleration of technological progress are given central attention by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. The party contends that the building of a new society without science is simply inconceivable; and in this connection, as was emphasized in the main report at the conference, presented by P. N. Fedoseev, Vice President of the USSR Academy of Sciences, special attention is being devoted to the development of the basic sciences, which play an (...)
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  32.  5
    Hu Ping & Wang Ruisheng (1979). There is No Forbidden Zone in Science. Contemporary Chinese Thought 11 (1):92-102.
    Science, the proud son of the era and the crystallization of man's wisdom, is inlaid in the crown of our times like a lustrous and brilliant pearl. Social science discloses to mankind the general law governing the development of society and leads it in marching forward to the higher stages of social system - socialist society and communist society. Natural science creates for mankind tremendous productive forces like miracles, enabling the human race to live a life in (...)
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  33. Yi Luk (2015). Building Biophysics in Mid-Century China: The University of Science and Technology of China. Journal of the History of Biology 48 (2):201-235.
    Biophysics has been either an independent discipline or an element of another discipline in the United States, but it has always been recognized as a stand-alone discipline in the People’s Republic of China since 1949. To inquire into this apparent divergence, this paper investigates the formational history of biophysics in China by examining the early institutional history of one of the best-known and prestigious science and technology universities in the PRC, the University of Science and Technology of China. (...)
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  34. John Gray (1997). Endgames Questions in Late Modern Political Thought. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  35.  6
    Carlos Nelson Coutinho (2012). Gramsci's Political Thought. Brill.
    Introduction -- Youth, a contradictory formation: 1910-18 -- Workers' democracy and factory-councils: 1919-20 -- Passage to maturity: 1921-6 -- Methodological observations on the prison notebooks -- The 'extended' theory of the state -- The party as 'collective intellectual' -- The current relevance and universality of Gramsci.
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  36.  22
    Karl Marx (1967/1997). Writings of the Young Marx on Philosophy and Society. Hackett Pub. Co..
    It features Easton and Guddat's own highly regarded translations (based on the best German editions as well as on the original manuscripts and first editions) ...
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  37.  33
    Mark B. Adams (2000). Last Judgment: The Visionary Biology of J. B. S. Haldane. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 33 (3):457 - 491.
    This paper seeks to reinterpret the life and work of J. B. S. Haldane by focusing on an illuminating but largely ignored essay he published in 1927, "The Last Judgment" -- the sequel to his better known work, "Daedalus" (1924). This astonishing essay expresses a vision of the human future over the next 40,000,000 years, one that revises and updates Wellsian futurism with the long range implications of the "new biology" for human destiny. That vision served as a kind of (...)
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  38.  3
    William L. McBride (2001). From Yugoslav Praxis to Global Pathos: Anti-Hegemonic Post-Post-Marxist Essays. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This book comprises a selection of William McBride's essays on theory and practice in the former Yugoslavia, 1989 - 1999. It continues the critical assessment of neoliberal globalization from the vantage point of its effects on East-Central and Southern Europe that McBride presented in Philosophical Reflections. Unlike the earlier book, it situates discussions of globalization and neonationalist wars against the backdrop of the history, development, and demise of Praxis Philosophy — the one-time bridge between the progressive forces of former Yugoslavia (...)
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  39. Alain Badiou (1985). Peut-on Penser la Politique?
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  40. Ernesto Laclau (ed.) (1994). The Making of Political Identities. Verso.
  41.  10
    Sidney Hook (2002). Sidney Hook on Pragmatism, Democracy, and Freedom: The Essential Essays. Prometheus Books.
  42.  1
    Edward Shils (1956). The Torment of Secrecy the Background and Consequences of American Security Policies. W. Heinemann.
  43. J. B. S. Haldane (1939/1969). The Marxist Philosophy and the Sciences. Freeport, N.Y.,Books for Libraries Press.
    This book, first published in 1938, is based upon the Muirhead lectures on political philosophy delivered in the University of Birmingham in January and February of 1938. This title was intended to be of interest to students and scientific workers in the belief that Marxism will prove valuable to them in their scientific work, as well as to a wider audience.
     
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  44. J. Mepham & David-Hillel Ruben (eds.) (1979). Issues In Marxist Philosophy, Vol. 1. Harvester.
     
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  45. Liliana Alexandrova (ed.) (1982). Some Philosophical and Methodological Problems of the Scientific and Technological Revolution: Lecture. Academy of Social Sciences and Social Management at the C.C. Of the B.C.P..
     
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  46. Hayward R. Alker (ed.) (1982). Dialectical Logics for the Political Sciences. Rodopi.
     
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  47. Raymond Aron (1997). Introduction À la Philosophie Politique Démocratie Et Révolution. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  48. Raymond Aron (1955). Polémiques. Gallimard.
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  49. Alain Badiou (1998). D'un Désastre Obscur Sur la Fin de la Vérité D'État.
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  50. James M. Buchanan (1997). Post-Socialist Political Economy Selected Essays.
     
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