Search results for 'Communism and society' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. J. Furner (2011). Marx's Sketch of Communist Society in The German Ideology and the Problems of Occupational Confinement and Occupational Identity. Philosophy and Social Criticism 37 (2):189-215.score: 60.0
    The sketch of communist society in The German Ideology is often dismissed for lacking seriousness or coherence. Thorough philological, contextual and philosophical inquiry reveals otherwise. The final version of the sketch enjoys a systematic place within Marx’s thought, as a description of activity in developed communism, and advances a provocative thesis of the negation of vocation. This thesis is composed of two distinct claims: occupational confinement is abolished, and occupational identities disappear. These claims recommend communist society on (...)
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  2. William Ernest Barton (1966). The Moral Challenge of Communism: Some Ethical Aspects of Marxist-Leninist Society. London, Friends Home Service Committee.score: 60.0
     
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  3. James Kern Feibleman (1937/1979). Christianity, Communism, and the Ideal Society: A Philosophical Approach to Modern Politics. Ams Press.score: 60.0
     
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  4. Walton Padelford & Darin W. White (2010). The Influence of Historical Socialism and Communism on the Shaping of a Society's Economic Ethos: An Exploratory Study of Central and Eastern Europe. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 97 (1):109 - 117.score: 48.0
    This study utilizes an exploratory research design to investigate the influence of historical socialism and communism on the shaping of a society's economic ethos. The discussion of ethics and economics has a very long history across multiple disciplines including the founder of modern economics, Adam Smith. However, with the growth of economic science, academic consideration has shifted toward positive analysis while normative analysis has been left mainly to philosophers. By utilizing the newly developed Morality of Profit-Making (MPM) scale, (...)
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  5. Marilyn Fischer (1982). Tensions From Technology in Marx's Communist Society. Journal of Value Inquiry 16 (2):117-129.score: 45.0
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  6. Leszek Nowak (1993). “Post-Communist Society”? Social Theory and Practice 19 (3):249-273.score: 45.0
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  7. Daniela Angi (2011). Three Instances of Church and Anti-Communist Opposition: Hungary, Poland and Romania. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 10 (28):21-64.score: 45.0
    Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} The article analyzes the relationship between the dominant Churches from Hungary, Poland and Romania and the opposition to Communist regimes. The Churches – seen as institutional actors of civil society – are analyzed in terms of their material and symbolic resources which may act as prerequisites for (...)
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  8. Adam Czarnota (1997). Meaning of Rule of Law in Post-Communist Society. Rechtstheorie 17:179-196.score: 45.0
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  9. Lawrence J. Walker & Thomas J. Moran (1991). Moral Reasoning in a Communist Chinese Society. Journal of Moral Education 20 (2):139-155.score: 39.0
    Abstract This study examined the cross?cultural universality of Kohlberg's theory of moral reasoning development in the People's Republic of China??a culture quite different from the one out of which the theory arose. In particular, the applicability of the theory was evaluated in terms of its comprehensiveness and the validity of the moral stage model. Participants were 52 adolescents and adults, drawn from five groups: moral leaders, intellectuals, workers, college and junior high school students. In individual interviews they responded to hypothetical (...)
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  10. Andrzej Flis (1999). The Polish Church as an Enemy of the Open Society: Some Reflections on the Post-Communist Social-Political Transformations in Central Europe. In I. C. Jarvie & Sandra Pralong (eds.), Popper's Open Society After Fifty Years: The Continuing Relevance of Karl Popper. Routledge.score: 39.0
  11. A. E. Garvie (1936). Creative Society, a Study of the Relation of Christianity to Communism. By John Macmurray. (London: Student Christian Movement Press, 1935. Pp. 196. Price 5s. Net.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 11 (43):362-.score: 36.0
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  12. Michael Kennedy & Daina Stukuls (1998). The Narrative of Civil Society in Communism's Collapse and Post-Communism's Alternative: Emancipation and the Challenge of Polish Protest and Baltic Nationalism. Constellations 5 (4):541-571.score: 36.0
  13. Alfred E. Garvie (1937). Christianity, Communism, and the Ideal Society. A Philosophical Approach to Modern Politics. By James Feibleman. (London: George Allen & Unwin, Ltd.1937. Pp. 419. Price 12s. 6d.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 12 (48):502-.score: 36.0
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  14. Rena Selya (2012). Defending Scientific Freedom and Democracy: The Genetics Society of America's Response to Lysenko. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 45 (3):415 - 442.score: 36.0
    In the late 1940s and early 1950s, the leaders of the Genetics Society of America (GSA) struggled to find an appropriate group response to Trofim Lysenko's scientific claims and the Soviet treatment of geneticists. Although some of the leaders of the GSA favored a swift, critical response, procedural and ideological obstacles prevented them from following this path. Concerned about establishing scientific orthodoxy on one hand and politicizing the content of their science on the other, these American geneticists drew on (...)
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  15. John Gray (1993). From Post-Communism to Civil Society: The Reemergence of History and the Decline of the Western Model. Social Philosophy and Policy 10 (2):26-50.score: 36.0
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  16. Thomas Hosuck Kang (1973). Confucian Society Under Democracy in South Korea and Under Communism in North Korea.score: 36.0
  17. B. Nemec (1975). The Communist-Party and Socialist-Society. Filosoficky Casopis 23 (2):145-166.score: 36.0
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  18. Karl Marx (1967/1997). Writings of the Young Marx on Philosophy and Society. Hackett Pub. Co..score: 33.0
    It features Easton and Guddat's own highly regarded translations (based on the best German editions as well as on the original manuscripts and first editions) ...
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  19. Mihailo Marković (1974). The Contemporary Marx: Essays on Humanist Communism. Spokesman Books.score: 33.0
  20. Krzysztof Brzechczyn (2009). In the Trap of Post-Socialist Stagnation: On Political Development of the Belarusian Society in the Years 1986-2006. In Tadeusz Buksiński (ed.), Democracy in Western and Post-Communist Countries. Twenty Years after the Fall of Communism. Peter Lang.score: 30.0
    The aim of this paper is to analyze the political development of the Belarusian society in the years 1986–2006 in order to answer the following questions: (i) what was the impact of support the nomenclature of the Belarusian Communist Party gave to the Belarusian independence after August 1991 on the process of decrease in power regulation (or in other words – democratization), (ii) why initial period of decrease in power regulation was replaced by its growth and (iii) why this (...)
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  21. T. I. Oizerman (2009). Paradoxes in the Communist Theory of Marxism. Diogenes 56 (2-3):37-50.score: 24.0
    In their work The German Ideology, the founders of Marxism assert that the prerequisite of post-capitalist (defined by them as communist) society is the universal development of human abilities and all social relations. But then on the same page, contrary to this statement, it is alleged that the abolition of private property is not only highly topical but it is also an imperative history-making task. In Manifesto of the Communist Party, Marx and Engels explain that economic crises recurrently shaking (...)
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  22. Kenneth Surin (2009). Freedom Not Yet: Liberation and the Next World Order. Duke University Press.score: 24.0
    The complementary deaths of the thinking subject and of the citizen subject -- Producing a Marxist concept of liberation -- Postpolitical politics and global capitalism -- The exacerbation of uneven development : analysis of the current -- The possibility of a new state I : delinking -- Models of liberation I : the politics of identity -- Models of liberation II : the politics of subjectivity -- Models of liberation III : the politics of the event -- Models of liberation (...)
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  23. Timothy Kenyon, Communism and the Fall of Man : The Social Theories of Thomas More and Gerrard Winstanley.score: 24.0
    The thesis examines the thought of Thomas More and Gerrard Winstanley, emphasizing the concern of both theorists with the prevailing moral depravity of human nature attributable to the Fall of Man, and their proposals for the amendment of men's conduct by institutional means, especially by the establishment of a communist society. The thesis opens with a conceptual exploration of 'utopianism' and 'millenarianism' before discussing the particular forms of these concepts employed by More and Winstanley. The introductory section also includes (...)
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  24. Christos Lynteris (2013). The Spirit of Selflessness in Maoist China: Socialist Medicine and the New Man. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 24.0
    The book narrates how, called to embody this selfless spirit, medical doctors were trapped in a spiral between cultivation and abolition, leading to the explosion of ideology during the Cultural Revolution.
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  25. Revaz[from old catalog] Balančʻivaże (1976). Adamiani, Tʻavisupʻleba, Pasuxismgebloba.score: 24.0
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  26. Józef M. Bocheński (1972). Guide to Marxist Philosophy. Chicago,Swallow Press.score: 24.0
  27. Gang Chen (2010). Shi Jian Yu Zi You. Feng Huang Chu Ban She.score: 24.0
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  28. Blaženka Despot (2004). Izabrana Djela Blaženke Despot. Ženska Infoteka.score: 24.0
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  29. William Henry Charles Eddy (1979). Understanding Marxism: An Approach Through Dialogue. Rowman and Littlefield.score: 24.0
  30. Wolfgang Eichhorn (ed.) (1972). Istoricheskii Materializm Kak Teorii͡a Sot͡sial'nogo Poznanii͡a I Dei͡atel'nosti. Moskva,"Nauka,".score: 24.0
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  31. Vincent Geoghegan (2004). Religion and Communism: Feuerbach, Marx and Bloch. The European Legacy 9 (5):585-595.score: 24.0
    Whilst Marx made scattered positive remarks about the details of communist society, he also made important negative indications. Religion features in this negativity: his critique of religion is withering, there is no mention of religious life in communism, and he is emphatic that religion will play no role in such a society. For Marx, one of the tangible freedoms of communism was freedom from religion. The critique of religion is fundamentally inscribed in the very genesis of (...)
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  32. I͡Uriĭ Andreevich Kharin (1972). Dialektika Sot͡sialńogo Otrit͡sanii͡a. Minsk,Izd-Vo Bgu.score: 24.0
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  33. Fedor Vasilʹevich Konstantinov (1965). Historical Materialism--The Marxist Sociology. [Moscow]Novosti Press Agency Pub. House.score: 24.0
     
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  34. Mark Borisovich Mitin (1971). V. I. Lenin I Aktual'nye Problemy Filosofii. Moskva,"Mysl',".score: 24.0
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  35. Marii͡a Isaakovna Petrosi͡an (1972). Humanism; its Philosophical, Ethical and Sociological Aspects. Moscow,Progress Publishers.score: 24.0
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  36. Derek Sayer (1987). The Violence of Abstraction: The Analytic Foundations of Historical Materialism. B. Blackwell.score: 24.0
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  37. Paul T. Durbin (2013). A Contrarian View of Postmodern Society and Information Technologies. AI and Society 28 (1):51-54.score: 21.0
    In this short paper—little more than a note, even a short “contrarian” sermon for this anniversary volume—what I do is argue that even the allegedly most “revolutionary” inventions of our computer-driven age are not revolutionary in the sense that their impacts are “driving” society. Some of them are genuinely revolutionary, I admit, but in the reverse direction. The inventions don’t “impact societies”; rather, particular communities within society use the technical languages that are at their core, invent them, embed (...)
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  38. Frederick Kile (2013). Artificial Intelligence and Society: A Furtive Transformation. [REVIEW] AI and Society 28 (1):107-115.score: 21.0
    During the 1950s, there was a burst of enthusiasm about whether artificial intelligence might surpass human intelligence. Since then, technology has changed society so dramatically that the focus of study has shifted toward society’s ability to adapt to technological change. Technology and rapid communications weaken the capacity of society to integrate into the broader social structure those people who have had little or no access to education. (Most of the recent use of communications by the excluded has (...)
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  39. Arash Rahman (2012). Wealth Adjustment Using a No-Interest Credit Network in an Artificial Society. AI and Society 27 (4):535-541.score: 21.0
    This paper discusses the possibility of wealth adjustment through a credit network. The discussed credit network in this paper is a kind of loaning with no interest rate (its value is zero). It explains the influence of existence or inexistence of a cooperation originated from the credit network on wealth distribution and adjustment in an artificial society. To show how the wealth may distribute, environment agents in terms of their obtained wealth have been classified into ten wealth categories; thus, (...)
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  40. E. Wnuk-Lipinski (2007). Vicissitudes of Ethical Civil Society in Central and Eastern Europe. Studies in Christian Ethics 20 (1):30-43.score: 21.0
    The article focuses on the role of civil society in the aggregate of causes that eventually brought about the collapse of the communist block and — in consequence — changed the global balance of power. The concept of ‘ethical civil society’ is introduced in explaining the path to democracy of former Soviet bloc countries. The article also explores cultural determinants of democratisation in Central and Eastern Europe after 1989; in particular the relation between religious confession and likelihood of (...)
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  41. Randall D. Germain & Michael Kenny (eds.) (2005). The Idea of Global Civil Society: Politics and Ethics in a Globalizing Era. Routledge.score: 21.0
    This book evaluates the claim that in order to explore the changing social foundations of global power relations today, we need to include in our analysis an understanding of global civil society, particularly if we also wish to raise ethical questions about the changing political and institutional practices of transnational governance. The authors engage directly with the notion of global civil society in order to examines the ethical, social, and political conditions that make certain kinds of globalizing practices (...)
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  42. Fiorella de Cindio & Laura Anna Ripamonti (2010). Nature and Roles for Community Networks in the Information Society. AI and Society 25 (3):265-278.score: 21.0
    This paper draws on the authors more than 10 years of involvement in the action research experience of the Milan Community Network. It discusses the roles that community networks play in the Information Society: starting from a neat characterization of “online community”, community networks are presented as ICT learning communities, as local online communities and as complementary to Digital Cities. Finally, critical insights into institutional aspects of community networks are considered from the perspective of their sustainability.
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  43. Ruth Halperin & James Backhouse (2008). A Roadmap for Research on Identity in the Information Society. Identity in the Information Society 1 (1):71-87.score: 21.0
    As research into identity in the information society gets into its stride, with contributions from many scholarly disciplines such as technology, social sciences, the humanities and the law, a moment of intellectual stocktaking seems appropriate. This article seeks to provide a roadmap of research currently undertaken in the field of identity and identity management showing how the area is developing and how disparate contributions relate to each other. Five different perspectives are proposed through which work in the identity field (...)
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  44. C. N. M. Pounder (2008). Nine Principles for Assessing Whether Privacy is Protected in a Surveillance Society. Identity in the Information Society 1 (1):1-22.score: 21.0
    This paper uses the term “surveillance” in its widest sense to include data sharing and the revealing of identity information in the absence of consent of the individual concerned. It argues that the current debate about the nature of a “surveillance society” needs a new structural framework that allows the benefits of surveillance and the risks to individual privacy to be properly balanced. To this end, the first part of this article sets out the reasons why reliance on the (...)
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  45. Oana Apostol & Salme Näsi (2013). Firm–Employee Relationships From a Social Responsibility Perspective: Developments From Communist Thinking to Market Ideology in Romania. A Mass Media Story. Journal of Business Ethics 119 (3):1-15.score: 21.0
    Firm–employee relationships are dependent on the wider societal context and on the role business plays in society. Changes in institutional arrangements in society affect the perceived responsibilities of firms to their personnel. In this study, we examine mass media discussions about firm–employee relationships from a social responsibility perspective via a longitudinal study in Romanian society. Our analysis indicates how the expected responsibilities of firms towards employees have altered with the changing role of firms in society since (...)
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  46. Peter Beilharz (1996). Socialism After Communism: Liberalism? The European Legacy 1 (2):538-544.score: 21.0
    (1996). Socialism after communism: Liberalism? The European Legacy: Vol. 1, Fourth International Conference of the International Society for the study of European Ideas, pp. 538-544.
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  47. Krzysztof Brzechczyn (2008). On Two Predictions of the Collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe That is What Conditions of Making Accurate Predictions in History Are? Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 38:15-22.score: 21.0
    The decline of communism in Eastern Europe in years 1989-1991 was a big surprise for Western Sovietology. The sudden disappearance of the object of research would undermine the reason of existence of the whole science. For this reason, in the first half of the 90s Western scientists tried to answer following question: why Sovietology was not able to predict the demise of communism. The purpose of my paper is not to make one more analysis of factors responsible for (...)
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  48. Sorin Calin (2010). Puterea limbajului/ The Power of Language. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 4 (10):182-193.score: 21.0
    This attempt to reveal several aspects of language power begins with the integralism promoted by Eugen Coseriu, who presents in his work the creative force of language. The author constructs a parallel between the structure of the communist society and the parithetic order of language. Thus, the force of an idiom is going to be exposed, and the preferred example is going to be the recent and painful history of the political life of Southeastern Europe, especially that of the (...)
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  49. Cornelius Castoriadis (2010). A Society Adrift: Interviews and Debates, 1974-1997. Fordham University Press.score: 21.0
    The project of autonomy is not a utopia (1992) -- Why I am no longer a Marxist (1974) -- Imaginary significations (1982) -- Response to Richard Rorty (1995) -- On wars in Europe (1992) -- On the possibility of creating g new form of society (1977) -- What political parties cannot do (1979) -- Present issues for democracy (1986) -- These are bad times (1986) -- Do vanguards exist? (1987) -- What revolution is (1987) -- Neither a historical necessity (...)
     
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  50. Aldo de Moor (2010). Reconstructing Civil Society with Intermedia Communities. AI and Society 25 (3):279-289.score: 21.0
    A healthy civil society is essential in order to deal with “wicked” societal problems. Merely involving institutional actors and mass media is not sufficient. Intermedia can play a crucial complementary role in strengthening civil society. However, the potential of these technologies needs to be carefully tailored to the requirements and constraints of the communities grown around them. The GRASS system for group report authoring is one carefully tailored socio-technical system aimed at unlocking this potential. Such systems may help (...)
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