Search results for 'Communist state' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Gabriel Andreescu & Liviu Andreescu (2010). Church and State in Post-Communist Romania: Priorities on the Research Agenda. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 8 (24):19-45.score: 192.0
    This paper looks at the state of research on churchstate relations in post-communist Romania in order to provide an outline of the most important questions which need to be addressed in the coming years. The article consists of two parts. First, a survey of academic studies published over the past two decades on the relationship between the country’s churches and state after 1990. Secondly, a breakdown of pressing churchstate issues today, accompanied by short discussions of existing studies (...)
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  2. Corneliu Pintilescu & Andrada Fatu-Tutoveanu (2011). Jehova's Witnesses in Post-Communist Romania: The Relationship Between the Religious Minority and the State (1989-2010). Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 10 (30):102-126.score: 192.0
    This study aims at chronicling current aspects and transformations in the relationship between the Jehovah's Witnesses religious minority and the Romanian state (1989-2010), focusing on this religious group's changing official status. Considering both previous contributions and debates on the relations between state and religion, and the distinction between the concepts of denomination versus sect, the present work analyzes the key issues of the long-lasting conflict between the state and this particular religious minority, as well as the factors (...)
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  3. Anca Gheaus (2008). Gender Justice and the Welfare State in Post-Communism. Feminist Theory 9 (2):185-206.score: 158.0
    Some Romanian feminist scholars argue that welfare policies of post-communist states are deeply unjust to women and preclude them from reaching economic autonomy. The upshot of this argument is that liberal economic policy would advance feminist goals better than the welfare state. How should we read this dissonance between Western and some Eastern feminist scholarship concerning distributive justice? I identify the problem of dependency at the core of a possible debate about feminism and welfare. Worries about how decades (...)
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  4. Anna Grzymala-Busse & Pauline Jones Luong (2002). Reconceptualizing the State: Lessons From Post-Communism. Political Theory 30 (4):529-554.score: 146.0
    The (re)building of the post-communist states offers new perspectives both on the state and on the multiple transitions that followed communism. Specifically, it shifts our analytical focus from states as consolidated outcomes and unitary actors to the process by which states come into being and into action in the modern era. This process consists of elite competition over policy-making authority, which is shaped and constrained by existing institutional resources, the pacing of transformation, and the international context. The four (...)
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  5. S. Stojanovic (2010). Collapse of Communism, Crisis of Capitalism, and the State of Humanity. Philosophy and Social Criticism 36 (8):903-916.score: 144.0
    This article argues the main following points. (1) Communism was fatefully dependent upon the action or inaction of its top leaders because of the vulnerability of the hyper-centralized power and hyper-centralized defense of the ruling class and the ruling party. No one was really able to seriously predict the historical contingencies such as Gorbachev and Yeltsin that played a decisive role. The most that social scientists and analysts could safely claim was that communism had become unsuccessful and problematical to such (...)
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  6. Danilo Breschi (2013). From Politics to Lifestyle and/or Anti-Politics: Political Culture and the Sense for the State in Post-Communist Italy. Telos 2013 (163):111-129.score: 126.0
    ExcerptPost-Communist Trends in Italy, 1968–1989 According to Paul Berman, the events of 1989 were a consequence and, in some ways, an “achievement” of the protest movement of 1968; or they at least expressed the most deeply felt aspirations of a generation of “utopians.”1 It is not my intention here to examine and discuss Berman's thesis in detail, but rather to highlight its originality and look for any possible historical or conceptual connections between the events of 1968 and those of (...)
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  7. Graham Kelsey (1993). [Book Review] Anarchosyndicalism, Libertarian Communism, and the State, the Cnt in Zaragoza and Aragon, 1930-1937. [REVIEW] Science and Society 57 (4):478-481.score: 120.0
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  8. Harold A. Larrabee (1941). Book Review:The Clash of Political Ideals: A Source Book on Democracy, Communism, and the Totalitarian State. Albert R. Chandler. [REVIEW] Ethics 51 (3):357-.score: 120.0
  9. Fătu-Tutoveanu Andrada & Pintilescu Corneliu (2011). Jehova's Witnesses in Post-Communist Romania: The Relationship Between the Religious Minority and the State (1989-2010). Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 30:102-126.score: 120.0
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  10. Jacek Kochanowicz (forthcoming). Incomplete Demise: Reflections on the Welfare State in Poland After Communism. Social Research.score: 120.0
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  11. Ştefan Păun (2009). The Transformation of State Socialism and the Electoral Success of Communist Successor Parties in Post-1990. Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations 8:218-222.score: 120.0
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  12. Gerald M. Easter (2002). Politics of Revenue Extraction in Post-Communist States: Poland and Russia Compared. Political Theory 30 (4):599-627.score: 94.0
    Since the late 1990s, a consensus has emerged among scholars of the post-communist transitions that an enfeebled state is not an asset but a liability to a transition economy. Moreover, it is now accepted that underdeveloped fiscal capacity is a leading cause of state weakness in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. This article compares the alternative revenue extraction strategies developed by state leaders in post-communist Poland and Russia. It stresses political institutional constraints to (...)
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  13. Nicos Ar Poulantzas (1978). State, Power, Socialism. Nlb.score: 90.0
     
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  14. Karl Marx (1996). Marx: Later Political Writings. Cambridge University Press.score: 84.0
    Marx: Later Political Writings brings together new translations of Marx's most important texts in political philosophy written after 1848. Marx challenged poitical theory to its very fundamentals, as his works do not follow traditional models for exploring politics theoretically. In his introduction, Terrell Carver situates Marx in a politics of democratic constitutionalism and revolutionary communism. The works are presented here complete, according to the first editions or the earliest manuscript state, and include the Manifesto of the Communist Party, (...)
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  15. Fabio Raimondi (2012). Ipotesi sul comunismo. Note per una discussione / 2. Scienza and Politica. Per Una Storia Delle Dottrine 24 (46).score: 84.0
    The essay reconstructs the political discourses of Alain Badiou and Slavoj Žižek, concerning communism and its actuality for the contemporary debate. Both philosophers have a main role in the global philosophical scene in which they maintain different but partially complementary positions. Except for some philosophical divergences, they both affirm the necessity to reopen a theoretical effort, which could eventually develop an idea of communism and communist practices able to face new challenges imposed by capitalistic globalization. Badiou intends to spread (...)
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  16. Sherman Hsiao-Ming Chang (1931/1965). The Marxian Theory of the State. Russell & Russell.score: 78.0
  17. Eduard Heimann (1938/1981). Communism, Fascism, or Democracy? Ams Press.score: 78.0
  18. Hilda Diana Oakeley (1937). The False State. London, Williams and Norgate, Ltd..score: 78.0
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  19. Chairperson William J. Parente (1996). The Contribution of Communist States to the Proscription of Racist Speech. The European Legacy 1 (2):801-811.score: 72.0
    (1996). The contribution of communist states to the proscription of racist speech. The European Legacy: Vol. 1, Fourth International Conference of the International Society for the study of European Ideas, pp. 801-811.
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  20. James R. Kluegel (2008). Social Justice and Political Change: Public Opinion in Capitalist and Post-Communist States. Aldinetransaction.score: 68.0
    Social Justice and Political Change, involves the collaboration of thirty social scientists in twelve countries, and represents broad-ranging comparative ...
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  21. Irina Velicu (2012). The Aesthetic Post-Communist Subject and the Differend of Rosia Montana. Studies in Social Justice 6 (1):125-141.score: 66.0
    By challenging the state and corporate prerogatives to distinguish between “good” and “bad” development, social movements by and in support of inhabitants of Rosia Montana (Transylvania) are subverting prevailing perceptions about Central and Eastern Europe (CEE)’s liberal path of development illustrating its injustice in several ways that will be detailed in this article under the heading “inhibitions of political economy” or Balkanism. The significance of the “Save Rosia Montana” movement for post-communism is that it invites post-communist subjects to (...)
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  22. Lavinia Betea (2010). The Woman in the Communist Regime. Meta-Analysis About a Gender Study. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 5 (14):31-40.score: 66.0
    From the perspective of meta-analysis done in a qualitative structure, the study puts forward an inventory of the communist regime studies in the following ways: 1. The re-evaluation of the social ideology-propaganda-practice relationship of the equality between sexes in the communist regime. 2. The contextualization and the evolution of the social representations of a woman's role. 3. The effects of some political decisions, which can count as aggressiveness of a state towards its citizens (770/1966 Decree).
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  23. Nicolae Iuga (2010). Harmonious and Discordant Elements in the „Symphony” of the Romanian Orthodox Church – the Romanian State After December 1989. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 8 (24):95-103.score: 66.0
    Soon after December 1989, the Romanian political power and the Romanian Orthodox Church have established that they had common interests regarding the preservation of several elements of the old leadership structures. A radical severance with the past has never been accomplished, for, a certain fear for a complete unbalance and of an uncontrollable evolution of the State’s institutions and of the Church’s hierarchy became manifest at that time. Thus, the Orthodox Church and the leading political post-communist party have (...)
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  24. Kenneth Ewart Boulding (1953/1984). The Organizational Revolution: A Study in the Ethics of Economic Organization. Greenwood Press.score: 60.0
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  25. Lev Samoĭlovich I͡Avich (1981). The General Theory of Law: Social and Philosophical Problems. Progress.score: 60.0
     
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  26. Les Johnston (1986). Marxism, Class Analysis, and Socialist Pluralism: A Theoretical and Political Critique of Marxist Conceptions of Politics. Allen & Unwin.score: 60.0
     
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  27. Nicos Ar Poulantzas (1973). Political Power and Social Classes. London,Nlb; Sheed and Ward.score: 60.0
     
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  28. U. Zilbersheid (2012). The Vicissitudes of the Marxian Idea of Abolition of the State - Can the Idea Be Revived? Philosophy and Social Criticism 38 (7):701-723.score: 54.0
    The abolition of the state is a central element in Marx’s vision of human emancipation. However, at a later stage of his intellectual development Marx seems to have retreated from this idea. Marx’s theory should be defined as the primacy of labor: labor, or instrumental productive activity, brings about, as its unintended, as-if-natural results, different social relations, including the state. At the core of communism, as first envisaged by Marx, is the abolition of labor and its unintended social (...)
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  29. Vladimir Avtonomov (2006). Balancing State, Market and Social Justice: Russian Experiences and Lessons to Learn. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 66 (1):3 - 9.score: 54.0
    This article deals with the relations in the triangle state–society–business in modern Russia. It is shown against Russian historical background, that the absolutist state in this country could never be identified with the society and these relations were shaped under its strong domination. The ethics of rule-following characteristic for market economy in general did not develop in Russia. The breakdown of communist Russia and market reforms proceeding since 1992 did not change this situation significantly. The period of (...)
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  30. Timothy Kenyon, Communism and the Fall of Man : The Social Theories of Thomas More and Gerrard Winstanley.score: 54.0
    The thesis examines the thought of Thomas More and Gerrard Winstanley, emphasizing the concern of both theorists with the prevailing moral depravity of human nature attributable to the Fall of Man, and their proposals for the amendment of men's conduct by institutional means, especially by the establishment of a communist society. The thesis opens with a conceptual exploration of 'utopianism' and 'millenarianism' before discussing the particular forms of these concepts employed by More and Winstanley. The introductory section also includes (...)
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  31. Anna Paretskaya (2010). The Soviet Communist Party and the Other Spirit of Capitalism. Sociological Theory 28 (4):377 - 401.score: 54.0
    Based on qualitative analysis of the Soviet press and official state documents, this article argues that the Communist Party was, counter intuitively, an agent of capitalist dispositions in the Soviet Union during 1970s-1980s. Understanding the spirit of capitalism not simply as an ascetic ethos but in broader terms of the cult of individualism, I demonstrate that the Soviet party-state promoted ideas and values of individuality, self-expression, and pleasure seeking in the areas of work and consumption. By broadening (...)
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  32. Regina Smyth (2002). Building State Capacity From the Inside Out: Parties of Power and the Success of the President's Reform Agenda in Russia. Political Theory 30 (4):555-578.score: 54.0
    In contrast to his predecessor Boris Yeltsin, Russia's President Vladimir Putin continues to successfully neutralize legislative opposition and push his reform agenda through the State Duma. His success is due in large part to the transformation of the party system during the 1999 electoral cycle. In the face of a less polarized and fragmented party system, the Kremlin-backed party of power, Unity, became the foundation for a stable majority coalition in parliament and a weapon in the political battle to (...)
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  33. Sorin Calin (2010). Puterea limbajului/ The Power of Language. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 4 (10):182-193.score: 54.0
    This attempt to reveal several aspects of language power begins with the integralism promoted by Eugen Coseriu, who presents in his work the creative force of language. The author constructs a parallel between the structure of the communist society and the parithetic order of language. Thus, the force of an idiom is going to be exposed, and the preferred example is going to be the recent and painful history of the political life of Southeastern Europe, especially that of the (...)
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  34. Ryszard Legutko (2002). Society as a Department Store: Critical Reflections on the Liberal State. Lexington Books.score: 54.0
    The book considers the paradoxical implications of this state of affairs for Eastern European intellectuals arguing that, with the triumph of liberalism over communism, these intellectuals feel compelled to digest an ideology that shares ...
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  35. Paul Thomas (1994). Alien Politics: Marxist State Theory Retrieved. Routledge.score: 54.0
    Alien Politics retrieves from the writings of Marx an original theory of the state which remains viable and relevant today. Paul Thomas traces the process by which Marx's theory of the state as the instrument of the capitalist ruling class became transformed into communist dogma under the auspices of Lenin and other "official" Marxist stalwarts. He argues that Marx's writings still have something to teach us and should not be pulled down with the monoliths and mausoleums of (...)
     
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  36. J. L. Campbell (1992). The Fiscal Crisis of Post-Communist States. Telos 1992 (93):89-110.score: 50.0
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  37. Stefan Morawski (1992). See the Devil and Tame Him. Studies in East European Thought 43 (2):117-137.score: 48.0
  38. John A. Hall (1993). The Vacuum. Center for German and European Studies, University of California.score: 48.0
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  39. David E. Ingersoll (2009). The Philosophic Roots of Modern Ideology: Liberalism, Conservatism, Marxism, Fascism, Nazism, Islamism. Sloan Pub..score: 48.0
  40. Gerald Zahavi (2003). The "Trial" of Lee Benson: Communism, White Chauvinism, and the Foundations of the "New Political History" in the United States. History and Theory 42 (3):332–362.score: 40.0
  41. Paul C. Mishler (2001). [Book Review] Raising Reds, the Young Pioneers, Radical Summer Camps, and Communist Political Culture in the United States. [REVIEW] Science and Society 65 (2):247-249.score: 40.0
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  42. Elena Aga Rossi & Giovanni Orsina (2004). The United States According to the Italian Communist Press (1945-1953). Telos 2004 (127):149-168.score: 40.0
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  43. Karl Marx (1994). Marx: Early Political Writings. Cambridge University Press.score: 36.0
    The political doctrine of Karl Marx is to be found in a broad range of both published and unpublished writings. This volume, the first of two which together span his entire output, presents his early texts of 1843-7, which predate the Communist Manifesto. excerpts from the Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right and from the Paris Notebooks, Points on the State and Bourgeois Society and other writings are newly translated and arranged in a sequence that illuminates the development (...)
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  44. Gentian Vyshka & Jera Kruja (2011). Inapplicability of Advance Directives in a Paternalistic Setting: The Case of a Post-Communist Health System. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 12 (1):12-.score: 36.0
    Background: The Albanian medical system and Albanian health legislation have adopted a paternalistic position with regard to individual decision making. This reflects the practices of a not-so-remote past when state-run facilities and a totalitarian philosophy of medical care were politically imposed. Because of this history, advance directives concerning treatment refusal and do-not-resuscitate decisions are still extremely uncommon in Albania. Medical teams cannot abstain from intervening even when the patient explicitly and repeatedly solicits therapeutic abstinence. The Albanian law on health (...)
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  45. Krzysztof Brzechczyn (2007). Paths to Democracy of the Post-Soviet Republics: Attempt at Conceptualization. In Ewa Czerwińska-Schupp (ed.), Values and Norms in the Age of Globalization. Peter Lang. 1--30.score: 36.0
    The paper conceptualizes five basic developmental paths the post-Soviet republics followed. The conceptual framework of this paper is expanded theory of real socialism in non-Marxian historical materialism, namely proposed the model of secession from socialist empire. The first developmental path was followed by societies in which an independent civil revolution took place. This path of development bifurcates into two furhter sub-variants. Namely civil revolutions in the Baltic republics (Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia) resulted in the independence and stable democracies. Civil revolution in (...)
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  46. Laurence Schneider (2012). Michurinist Biology in the People's Republic of China, 1948-1956. Journal of the History of Biology 45 (3):525 - 556.score: 36.0
    Michurinist biology was introduced to China in 1948; granted a state supported monopoly in 1952; and reduced to parity with western genetics from 1956. The Soviets exported it through the propaganda agencies Sino Soviet Friendship Association (SSFA) and VOKS (Cultural Relations with Foreign Countries). China's Ministry of Agriculture achieved broad public awareness and acceptance of Michurinist biology through a translation, publication, and Soviet guest speakers campaign – all managed by a team of agriculturalists led by Luo Tianyu, a veteran (...)
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  47. Md Shukri Shuib, Mohamad Faisol Keling & Mohd Na’eim Ajis (2009). The Implications of Cold War on Malaysia State Building Process. Asian Culture and History 1 (2):P89.score: 36.0
    The Cold War has affected the communities around the world. Malaysia was no exception in being affected by the turmoil the international world, particularly after the World War 2, due to ideological conflicts. Based on the domino theory, the ups and downs of particular country in terms of its, strong ideology, brings about network impacts to each country in the world. Thus, a freedom of Malaya and the establishment of Malaysia came from the history of Cold War which influenced the (...)
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  48. Xingqiang Du, Wei Jian, Yingjie Du, Wentao Feng & Quan Zeng (2013). Religion, the Nature of Ultimate Owner, and Corporate Philanthropic Giving: Evidence From China. Journal of Business Ethics:1-22.score: 36.0
    Using a sample of Chinese listed firms for the period of 2004–2010, this study examines the impact of religion on corporate philanthropic giving. Based on hand-collected data of religion and corporate philanthropic giving, we provide strong and robust evidence that religion is significantly positively associated with Chinese listed firms’ philanthropic giving. This finding is consistent with the view that religiosity has remarkable effects on individual thinking and behavior, and can serve as social norms to influence corporate philanthropy. Moreover, religion and (...)
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  49. Julia Mehlich (2000). Die Philosophisch-Theologische Begründung Des Eurasismus Bei L. P. Karsavin. Studies in East European Thought 52 (1-2):73-117.score: 36.0
    The Evrazijstvo movement was an intellectual current which recognized the Revolution of 1917 as a fateful event and conceived itself as a third way for Russia between individualism and Soviet Communism. At the philosophical level Evrazijstvo was an extension of the Russian Idea. Basing himself on the principle of All-Unity Karsavin put his concept of the symphonic personality to work in critically referring to the philosophical concepts and methodological approaches then current in Europe. The Evrazijstvo idea was later to be (...)
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  50. Kerstin Klein (2010). “New Authoritarianism” in China: Political Reform in the One-Party State. Telos 2010 (151):30-56.score: 36.0
    Introduction At the 4th Plenum of the Communist Party of China (CPC), held in September 2004, the CCP set out on a new self-declared path to establish itself as a permanent “governing party” (zhizheng dang) instead of remaining a “revolutionary” party.1 The 36-page resolution on the Enhancement of the Party's Governance Capability says that China's reform and development have reached a critical stage in which new situations and new problems are mushrooming.2 The CPC concedes that it needs to enhance (...)
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