Search results for 'Communist state' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
  1. Gabriel Andreescu & Liviu Andreescu (2010). Church and State in Post-Communist Romania: Priorities on the Research Agenda. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 8 (24):19-45.score: 72.0
    This paper looks at the state of research on churchstate relations in post-communist Romania in order to provide an outline of the most important questions which need to be addressed in the coming years. The article consists of two parts. First, a survey of academic studies published over the past two decades on the relationship between the country’s churches and state after 1990. Secondly, a breakdown of pressing churchstate issues today, accompanied by short discussions of existing studies (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Corneliu Pintilescu & Andrada Fatu-Tutoveanu (2011). Jehova's Witnesses in Post-Communist Romania: The Relationship Between the Religious Minority and the State (1989-2010). Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 10 (30):102-126.score: 72.0
    This study aims at chronicling current aspects and transformations in the relationship between the Jehovah's Witnesses religious minority and the Romanian state (1989-2010), focusing on this religious group's changing official status. Considering both previous contributions and debates on the relations between state and religion, and the distinction between the concepts of denomination versus sect, the present work analyzes the key issues of the long-lasting conflict between the state and this particular religious minority, as well as the factors (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Anca Gheaus (2008). Gender Justice and the Welfare State in Post-Communism. Feminist Theory 9 (2):185-206.score: 55.0
    Some Romanian feminist scholars argue that welfare policies of post-communist states are deeply unjust to women and preclude them from reaching economic autonomy. The upshot of this argument is that liberal economic policy would advance feminist goals better than the welfare state. How should we read this dissonance between Western and some Eastern feminist scholarship concerning distributive justice? I identify the problem of dependency at the core of a possible debate about feminism and welfare. Worries about how decades (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Anna Grzymala-Busse & Pauline Jones Luong (2002). Reconceptualizing the State: Lessons From Post-Communism. Political Theory 30 (4):529-554.score: 49.0
    The (re)building of the post-communist states offers new perspectives both on the state and on the multiple transitions that followed communism. Specifically, it shifts our analytical focus from states as consolidated outcomes and unitary actors to the process by which states come into being and into action in the modern era. This process consists of elite competition over policy-making authority, which is shaped and constrained by existing institutional resources, the pacing of transformation, and the international context. The four (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. S. Stojanovic (2010). Collapse of Communism, Crisis of Capitalism, and the State of Humanity. Philosophy and Social Criticism 36 (8):903-916.score: 48.0
    This article argues the main following points. (1) Communism was fatefully dependent upon the action or inaction of its top leaders because of the vulnerability of the hyper-centralized power and hyper-centralized defense of the ruling class and the ruling party. No one was really able to seriously predict the historical contingencies such as Gorbachev and Yeltsin that played a decisive role. The most that social scientists and analysts could safely claim was that communism had become unsuccessful and problematical to such (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Karl Marx (1996). Marx: Later Political Writings. Cambridge University Press.score: 42.0
    Marx: Later Political Writings brings together new translations of Marx's most important texts in political philosophy written after 1848. Marx challenged poitical theory to its very fundamentals, as his works do not follow traditional models for exploring politics theoretically. In his introduction, Terrell Carver situates Marx in a politics of democratic constitutionalism and revolutionary communism. The works are presented here complete, according to the first editions or the earliest manuscript state, and include the Manifesto of the Communist Party, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Fabio Raimondi (2012). Ipotesi sul comunismo. Note per una discussione / 2. Scienza and Politica. Per Una Storia Delle Dottrine 24 (46).score: 42.0
    The essay reconstructs the political discourses of Alain Badiou and Slavoj Žižek, concerning communism and its actuality for the contemporary debate. Both philosophers have a main role in the global philosophical scene in which they maintain different but partially complementary positions. Except for some philosophical divergences, they both affirm the necessity to reopen a theoretical effort, which could eventually develop an idea of communism and communist practices able to face new challenges imposed by capitalistic globalization. Badiou intends to spread (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Danilo Breschi (2013). From Politics to Lifestyle and/or Anti-Politics: Political Culture and the Sense for the State in Post-Communist Italy. Telos 2013 (163):111-129.score: 39.0
    ExcerptPost-Communist Trends in Italy, 1968–1989 According to Paul Berman, the events of 1989 were a consequence and, in some ways, an “achievement” of the protest movement of 1968; or they at least expressed the most deeply felt aspirations of a generation of “utopians.”1 It is not my intention here to examine and discuss Berman's thesis in detail, but rather to highlight its originality and look for any possible historical or conceptual connections between the events of 1968 and those of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Nicos Ar Poulantzas (1978). State, Power, Socialism. Nlb.score: 39.0
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Graham Kelsey (1993). [Book Review] Anarchosyndicalism, Libertarian Communism, and the State, the Cnt in Zaragoza and Aragon, 1930-1937. [REVIEW] Science and Society 57 (4):478-481.score: 36.0
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Fătu-Tutoveanu Andrada & Pintilescu Corneliu (2011). Jehova's Witnesses in Post-Communist Romania: The Relationship Between the Religious Minority and the State (1989-2010). Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 30:102-126.score: 36.0
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Harold A. Larrabee (1941). Book Review:The Clash of Political Ideals: A Source Book on Democracy, Communism, and the Totalitarian State. Albert R. Chandler. [REVIEW] Ethics 51 (3):357-.score: 36.0
  13. Jacek Kochanowicz (forthcoming). Incomplete Demise: Reflections on the Welfare State in Poland After Communism. Social Research.score: 36.0
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Ştefan Păun (2009). The Transformation of State Socialism and the Electoral Success of Communist Successor Parties in Post-1990. Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations 8:218-222.score: 36.0
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Gerald M. Easter (2002). Politics of Revenue Extraction in Post-Communist States: Poland and Russia Compared. Political Theory 30 (4):599-627.score: 33.0
    Since the late 1990s, a consensus has emerged among scholars of the post-communist transitions that an enfeebled state is not an asset but a liability to a transition economy. Moreover, it is now accepted that underdeveloped fiscal capacity is a leading cause of state weakness in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. This article compares the alternative revenue extraction strategies developed by state leaders in post-communist Poland and Russia. It stresses political institutional constraints to (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Sherman Hsiao-Ming Chang (1931/1965). The Marxian Theory of the State. Russell & Russell.score: 33.0
  17. Eduard Heimann (1938/1981). Communism, Fascism, or Democracy? Ams Press.score: 33.0
  18. Hilda Diana Oakeley (1937). The False State. London, Williams and Norgate, Ltd..score: 33.0
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Kenneth Ewart Boulding (1953/1984). The Organizational Revolution: A Study in the Ethics of Economic Organization. Greenwood Press.score: 30.0
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Lev Samoĭlovich I͡Avich (1981). The General Theory of Law: Social and Philosophical Problems. Progress.score: 30.0
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Les Johnston (1986). Marxism, Class Analysis, and Socialist Pluralism: A Theoretical and Political Critique of Marxist Conceptions of Politics. Allen & Unwin.score: 30.0
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Nicos Ar Poulantzas (1973). Political Power and Social Classes. London,Nlb; Sheed and Ward.score: 30.0
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Chairperson William J. Parente (1996). The Contribution of Communist States to the Proscription of Racist Speech. The European Legacy 1 (2):801-811.score: 28.0
    (1996). The contribution of communist states to the proscription of racist speech. The European Legacy: Vol. 1, Fourth International Conference of the International Society for the study of European Ideas, pp. 801-811.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. James R. Kluegel (2008). Social Justice and Political Change: Public Opinion in Capitalist and Post-Communist States. Aldinetransaction.score: 27.0
    Social Justice and Political Change, involves the collaboration of thirty social scientists in twelve countries, and represents broad-ranging comparative ...
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Lavinia Betea (2010). The Woman in the Communist Regime. Meta-Analysis About a Gender Study. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 5 (14):31-40.score: 27.0
    From the perspective of meta-analysis done in a qualitative structure, the study puts forward an inventory of the communist regime studies in the following ways: 1. The re-evaluation of the social ideology-propaganda-practice relationship of the equality between sexes in the communist regime. 2. The contextualization and the evolution of the social representations of a woman's role. 3. The effects of some political decisions, which can count as aggressiveness of a state towards its citizens (770/1966 Decree).
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Nicolae Iuga (2010). Harmonious and Discordant Elements in the „Symphony” of the Romanian Orthodox Church – the Romanian State After December 1989. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 8 (24):95-103.score: 27.0
    Soon after December 1989, the Romanian political power and the Romanian Orthodox Church have established that they had common interests regarding the preservation of several elements of the old leadership structures. A radical severance with the past has never been accomplished, for, a certain fear for a complete unbalance and of an uncontrollable evolution of the State’s institutions and of the Church’s hierarchy became manifest at that time. Thus, the Orthodox Church and the leading political post-communist party have (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Irina Velicu (2012). The Aesthetic Post-Communist Subject and the Differend of Rosia Montana. Studies in Social Justice 6 (1):125-141.score: 27.0
    By challenging the state and corporate prerogatives to distinguish between “good” and “bad” development, social movements by and in support of inhabitants of Rosia Montana (Transylvania) are subverting prevailing perceptions about Central and Eastern Europe (CEE)’s liberal path of development illustrating its injustice in several ways that will be detailed in this article under the heading “inhibitions of political economy” or Balkanism. The significance of the “Save Rosia Montana” movement for post-communism is that it invites post-communist subjects to (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (15 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Sorin Calin (2010). Puterea limbajului/ The Power of Language. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 4 (10):182-193.score: 27.0
    This attempt to reveal several aspects of language power begins with the integralism promoted by Eugen Coseriu, who presents in his work the creative force of language. The author constructs a parallel between the structure of the communist society and the parithetic order of language. Thus, the force of an idiom is going to be exposed, and the preferred example is going to be the recent and painful history of the political life of Southeastern Europe, especially that of the (...)
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Stefan Morawski (1992). See the Devil and Tame Him. Studies in East European Thought 43 (2):117-137.score: 24.0
  30. John A. Hall (1993). The Vacuum. Center for German and European Studies, University of California.score: 24.0
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. David E. Ingersoll (2009). The Philosophic Roots of Modern Ideology: Liberalism, Conservatism, Marxism, Fascism, Nazism, Islamism. Sloan Pub..score: 24.0
  32. John T. Sanders (1996). The State of Statelessness. In John T. Sanders & Jan Narveson (eds.), For and Against the State: New Philosophical Readings. Rowman and Littlefield.score: 21.0
    My objective in this paper is to address a handful of issues that typically get raised in discussions of philosophical anarchism. Some of these issues arise in discussions among partisans of anarchism, and some are more likely to be raised in efforts to defend the state against its opponents. My hope is to focus the argument in such a way as to make clearer the main issues that are at stake from the point of view of at least one (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. U. Zilbersheid (2012). The Vicissitudes of the Marxian Idea of Abolition of the State - Can the Idea Be Revived? Philosophy and Social Criticism 38 (7):701-723.score: 21.0
    The abolition of the state is a central element in Marx’s vision of human emancipation. However, at a later stage of his intellectual development Marx seems to have retreated from this idea. Marx’s theory should be defined as the primacy of labor: labor, or instrumental productive activity, brings about, as its unintended, as-if-natural results, different social relations, including the state. At the core of communism, as first envisaged by Marx, is the abolition of labor and its unintended social (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Vladimir Avtonomov (2006). Balancing State, Market and Social Justice: Russian Experiences and Lessons to Learn. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 66 (1):3 - 9.score: 21.0
    This article deals with the relations in the triangle state–society–business in modern Russia. It is shown against Russian historical background, that the absolutist state in this country could never be identified with the society and these relations were shaped under its strong domination. The ethics of rule-following characteristic for market economy in general did not develop in Russia. The breakdown of communist Russia and market reforms proceeding since 1992 did not change this situation significantly. The period of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Timothy Kenyon, Communism and the Fall of Man : The Social Theories of Thomas More and Gerrard Winstanley.score: 21.0
    The thesis examines the thought of Thomas More and Gerrard Winstanley, emphasizing the concern of both theorists with the prevailing moral depravity of human nature attributable to the Fall of Man, and their proposals for the amendment of men's conduct by institutional means, especially by the establishment of a communist society. The thesis opens with a conceptual exploration of 'utopianism' and 'millenarianism' before discussing the particular forms of these concepts employed by More and Winstanley. The introductory section also includes (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Anna Paretskaya (2010). The Soviet Communist Party and the Other Spirit of Capitalism. Sociological Theory 28 (4):377 - 401.score: 21.0
    Based on qualitative analysis of the Soviet press and official state documents, this article argues that the Communist Party was, counter intuitively, an agent of capitalist dispositions in the Soviet Union during 1970s-1980s. Understanding the spirit of capitalism not simply as an ascetic ethos but in broader terms of the cult of individualism, I demonstrate that the Soviet party-state promoted ideas and values of individuality, self-expression, and pleasure seeking in the areas of work and consumption. By broadening (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Ryszard Legutko (2002). Society as a Department Store: Critical Reflections on the Liberal State. Lexington Books.score: 21.0
    The book considers the paradoxical implications of this state of affairs for Eastern European intellectuals arguing that, with the triumph of liberalism over communism, these intellectuals feel compelled to digest an ideology that shares ...
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Regina Smyth (2002). Building State Capacity From the Inside Out: Parties of Power and the Success of the President's Reform Agenda in Russia. Political Theory 30 (4):555-578.score: 21.0
    In contrast to his predecessor Boris Yeltsin, Russia's President Vladimir Putin continues to successfully neutralize legislative opposition and push his reform agenda through the State Duma. His success is due in large part to the transformation of the party system during the 1999 electoral cycle. In the face of a less polarized and fragmented party system, the Kremlin-backed party of power, Unity, became the foundation for a stable majority coalition in parliament and a weapon in the political battle to (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Paul Thomas (1994). Alien Politics: Marxist State Theory Retrieved. Routledge.score: 21.0
    Alien Politics retrieves from the writings of Marx an original theory of the state which remains viable and relevant today. Paul Thomas traces the process by which Marx's theory of the state as the instrument of the capitalist ruling class became transformed into communist dogma under the auspices of Lenin and other "official" Marxist stalwarts. He argues that Marx's writings still have something to teach us and should not be pulled down with the monoliths and mausoleums of (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Leonid Grinin (2004). Early State and Democracy. In Leonid Grinin, Robert Carneiro, Dmitri Bondarenko, Nikolay Kradin & Andrey Korotayev (eds.), The Early State, Its Alternatives and Analogues. ‘Uchitel’ Publishing House. 419--463.score: 19.0
    The present article is devoted to the problem which is debated actively to-day, namely whether Greek poleis and the Roman Republic were early states or they represented a specific type of stateless societies. In particular, Moshe Berent examines this problem by the example of Athens in his contribution to this volume. He arrives at the conclusion that Athens was a stateless society. However, I am of the opinion that this conclusion is wrong: and I believe that Athens and Rome were (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Michael V. Antony (2008). Are Our Concepts Conscious State and Conscious Creature Vague? Erkenntnis 68 (2):239-263.score: 18.0
    Intuitively it has seemed to many that our concepts "conscious state" and "conscious creature" are sharp rather than vague, that they can have no borderline cases. On the other hand, many who take conscious states to be identical to, or realized by, complex physical states are committed to the vagueness of those concepts. In the paper I argue that "conscious state" and "conscious creature" are sharp by presenting four necessary conditions for conceiving borderline cases in general, and showing (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Jennifer Nagel (2013). Knowledge as a Mental State. Oxford Studies in Epistemology 4:275-310.score: 18.0
    In the philosophical literature on mental states, the paradigmatic examples of mental states are beliefs, desires, intentions, and phenomenal states such as being in pain. The corresponding list in the psychological literature on mental state attribution includes one further member: the state of knowledge. This article examines the reasons why developmental, comparative and social psychologists have classified knowledge as a mental state, while most recent philosophers--with the notable exception of Timothy Williamson-- have not. The disagreement is traced (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. David J. Chalmers (1996). Does a Rock Implement Every Finite-State Automaton? Synthese 108 (3):309-33.score: 18.0
    Hilary Putnam has argued that computational functionalism cannot serve as a foundation for the study of the mind, as every ordinary open physical system implements every finite-state automaton. I argue that Putnam's argument fails, but that it points out the need for a better understanding of the bridge between the theory of computation and the theory of physical systems: the relation of implementation. It also raises questions about the class of automata that can serve as a basis for understanding (...)
    Direct download (14 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Jim Stone (2007). Pascal's Wager and the Persistent Vegetative State. Bioethics 21 (2):84–92.score: 18.0
    I argue that a version of Pascal's Wager applies to the persistent vegetative state with sufficient force that it ought to part of advance directives.
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Jason Kawall (1999). The Experience Machine and Mental State Theories of Well-Being. Journal of Value Inquiry 33 (3):381-387.score: 18.0
    It is argued that Nozick's experience machine thought experiment does not pose a particular difficulty for mental state theories of well-being. While the example shows that we value many things beyond our mental states, this simply reflects the fact that we value more than our own well-being. Nor is a mental state theorist forced to make the dubious claim that we maintain these other values simply as a means to desirable mental states. Valuing more than our mental states (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Charles Sayward & Wayne Wasserman (1981). Has Nozick Justified the State? Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 62:411-415.score: 18.0
    In ANARCY, STATE AND UTOPIA Robert Nozick says that the fundamental question of political philosophy, one that precedes questions about how the state should be organized, is whether there should be any state at all. In the first part of his book he attempts to justify the state. We argue that he is not successful.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Michael Moehler (2009). Why Hobbes' State of Nature is Best Modeled by an Assurance Game. Utilitas 21 (3):297-326.score: 18.0
    In this article, I argue that if one closely follows Hobbes' line of reasoning in Leviathan, in particular his distinction between the second and the third law of nature, and the logic of his contractarian theory, then Hobbes' state of nature is best translated into the language of game theory by an assurance game, and not by a one-shot or iterated prisoner's dilemma game, nor by an assurance dilemma game. Further, I support Hobbes' conclusion that the sovereign must always (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Shlomo Avineri (1972). Hegel's Theory of the Modern State. London,Cambridge University Press.score: 18.0
    The first full-length study in English of Hegel's political philosophy. In order to present an overall view of the development of Hegel's political thinking the author has drawn on Hegel's philosophical works, his political tracts and his personal correspondence. Professor Avineri shows that although Hegel is primarily thought of as a philosopher of the state, he was much concerned with social problems and his concept of the state must be understood in this context.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Jukka Varelius (2011). Respect for Autonomy, Advance Directives, and Minimally Conscious State. Bioethics 25 (9):505-515.score: 18.0
    In this article, I consider whether the advance directive of a person in minimally conscious state ought to be adhered to when its prescriptions conflict with her current wishes. I argue that an advance directive can have moral significance after its issuer has succumbed to minimally conscious state. I also defend the view that the patient can still have a significant degree of autonomy. Consequently, I conclude that her advance directive ought not to be applied. Then I briefly (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Michael E. Cuffaro (2012). Many Worlds, the Cluster-State Quantum Computer, and the Problem of the Preferred Basis. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 43 (1):35-42.score: 18.0
    I argue that the many worlds explanation of quantum computation is not licensed by, and in fact is conceptually inferior to, the many worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics from which it is derived. I argue that the many worlds explanation of quantum computation is incompatible with the recently developed cluster state model of quantum computation. Based on these considerations I conclude that we should reject the many worlds explanation of quantum computation.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1000