Search results for 'Comparative Psychology' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Euan M. Macphail (1987). The Comparative Psychology of Intelligence. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (4):645.score: 210.0
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  2. Christian Agrillo & Michael J. Beran (2013). Number Without Language: Comparative Psychology and the Evolution of Numerical Cognition. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 186.0
    Number without language: comparative psychology and the evolution of numerical cognition.
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  3. Christian Agrillo & Maria Elena Miletto Petrazzini (2012). The Importance of Replication in Comparative Psychology: The Lesson of Elephant Quantity Judgments. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 186.0
    The Importance of Replication in Comparative Psychology: The Lesson of Elephant Quantity Judgments.
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  4. Graeme S. Halford, William H. Wilson & Steven Phillips (1998). Processing Capacity Defined by Relational Complexity: Implications for Comparative, Developmental, and Cognitive Psychology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):803-831.score: 180.0
    Working memory limits are best defined in terms of the complexity of the relations that can be processed in parallel. Complexity is defined as the number of related dimensions or sources of variation. A unary relation has one argument and one source of variation; its argument can be instantiated in only one way at a time. A binary relation has two arguments, two sources of variation, and two instantiations, and so on. Dimensionality is related to the number of chunks, because (...)
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  5. Donald T. Campbell (1959). Methodological Suggestions From a Comparative Psychology of Knowledge Processes. Inquiry 2 (1-4):152 – 182.score: 180.0
    Introductory Abstract Philosophers of science, in the course of making a sharp distinction between the tasks of the philosopher and those of the scientist, have pointed to the possibility of an empirical science of induction. A comparative psychology of knowledge processes is offered as one aspect of this potential enterprise. From fragments of such a psychology, methodological suggestions are drawn relevant to several chronic problems in the social sciences, including the publication of negative results from novel explorations, (...)
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  6. Clive D. L. Wynne & Johan J. Bolhuis (2008). Minding the Gap: Why There is Still No Theory in Comparative Psychology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (2):152-153.score: 180.0
    The prevailing view that there is significant cognitive continuity between humans and other animals is a result of misinterpretations of the role of evolution, combined with anthropomorphism. This combination has often resulted in an over-interpretation of data from animal experiments. Comparative psychology should do what the name indicates: study the cognitive capacities of different species empirically, without naive evolutionary presuppositions.
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  7. J. Smith, W. Shields & D. Washburn (2003). The Comparative Psychology of Uncertainty Monitoring and Metacognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):317-339.score: 174.0
    Researchers have begun to explore animals' capacities for uncertainty monitoring and metacognition. This exploration could extend the study of animal self-awareness and establish the relationship of self-awareness to other-awareness. It could sharpen descriptions of metacognition in the human literature and suggest the earliest roots of metacognition in human development. We summarize research on uncertainty monitoring by humans, monkeys, and a dolphin within perceptual and metamemory tasks. We extend phylogenetically the search for metacognitive capacities by considering studies that have tested less (...)
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  8. Cecilia M. Heyes (1987). Contrasting Approaches to the Legitimation of Intentional Language Within Comparative Psychology. Behaviorism 15 (1):41-50.score: 162.0
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  9. A. A. Roback (1920). The Scope and Genesis of Comparative Psychology. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 17 (24):654-662.score: 156.0
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  10. John Zerilli (2014). A Minimalist Framework for Comparative Psychology. Biology and Philosophy 29 (6):897-904.score: 156.0
    Suddendorf explores “the gap” between humans and other animals, with a particular emphasis on our great ape relatives. Both for nonscientists and those scientists or philosophers whose work is not centrally preoccupied with such questions, the book provides a tidy compendium of experimental results organized around a number of precisely defined areas of competence. He takes language, mental time travel, theory of mind, intelligence, culture and morality to be definitive of human cognitive prowess and judiciously evaluates the comparative evidence (...)
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  11. Robert M. Yerkes (1913). Comparative Psychology: A Question of Definitions. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 10 (21):580-582.score: 156.0
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  12. G. Thines (1970). The Phenomenological Approach in Comparative Psychology. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 1 (1):63-73.score: 156.0
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  13. Herbert Spencer (1876). The Comparative Psychology of Man. Mind 1 (1):7-20.score: 150.0
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  14. C. Lloyd Morgan (1903). An Introduction to Comparative Psychology. London: Walter Scott Publishing.score: 150.0
    Hesperides Press are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions, using the original text and artwork.
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  15. Morris Goldsmith & Asher Koriat (2003). Dolphins on the Witness Stand? The Comparative Psychology of Strategic Memory Regulation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):345-346.score: 150.0
    Smith et al. show that monkeys and dolphins can respond adaptively under conditions of uncertainty, suggesting that they monitor subjective uncertainty and control their behavior accordingly. Drawing on our own work with humans on the strategic regulation of memory reporting, we argue that, so far, the distinction between monitoring and control has not been addressed sufficiently in metacognitive animal research.
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  16. Raymond J. McCall (1974). The Thrust of Comparative Psychology. Philosophical Studies 23:166-171.score: 150.0
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  17. Sara J. Shettleworth (2010). Clever Animals and Killjoy Explanations in Comparative Psychology. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (11):477-481.score: 150.0
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  18. Prentice Starkey, Elizabeth S. Spelke & Rochel Gelman (1991). Toward a Comparative Psychology of Number. Cognition 39 (2):171-172.score: 150.0
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  19. Hank Davis (1996). Is There a Comparative Psychology of Implicit Mathematical Knowledge? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (2):250.score: 150.0
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  20. Juan C. Gómez (1990). Causal Links, Contingencies, and the Comparative Psychology of Intelligence. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (2):392.score: 150.0
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  21. Daniel B. M. Haun, Fiona M. Jordan, Giorgio Vallortigara & Nicky S. Clayton (2010). Origins of Spatial, Temporal and Numerical Cognition: Insights From Comparative Psychology. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (12):552-560.score: 150.0
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  22. Euan M. Macphail (1990). Comparative Psychology: New Experimental Findings, Not New Approaches, Are Needed. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (2):395-398.score: 150.0
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  23. Robert Galombos (1967). Animal Behaviour: A Synthesis of Ethology and Comparative Psychology Robert A. Hinde. BioScience 17 (1):52-53.score: 150.0
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  24. Patricia S. Goldman-Rakic & Todd M. Preuss (1987). Wither Comparative Psychology? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (4):666.score: 150.0
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  25. Charles T. Snowdon (1981). A Poor Approach to Animal Behavior Comparative Psychology: An Evolutionary Analysis of Animal Behavior M. Ray Denny. BioScience 31 (6):464-464.score: 150.0
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  26. Charles W. Tolman (1987). Human Evolution and the Comparative Psychology of Levels. In G. Greenberg & E. Tobach (eds.), Cognition, Language, and Consciousness: Integrative Levels. Lawrence Erlbaum. 185--208.score: 150.0
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  27. Hank Davis & Rachelle Pérusse (1988). Numerical Competence: From Backwater to Mainstream of Comparative Psychology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (4):602.score: 150.0
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  28. Donald A. Dewsbury (1997). Rhetorical Strategies in the Presentation of Ethology and Comparative Psychology in Magazines After World War II. Science in Context 10 (2).score: 150.0
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  29. G. G. Gallup (1991). Toward a Comparative Psychology of Self-Awareness: Species Limitations and Cognitive Consequences. In G. Goethals & J. Strauss (eds.), The Self: An Interdisciplinary Perspective. Springer-Verlag.score: 150.0
     
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  30. Gary Greenberg (1987). Comparative Psychology, Cognition, and Levels. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (4):667.score: 150.0
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  31. Francis L. Harmon (1935). Comparative Psychology. Thought 10 (1):160-163.score: 150.0
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  32. Charlotte K. Hemelrijk & Johan J. Bolhuis (2011). A Minimalist Approach to Comparative Psychology. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (5):185-186.score: 150.0
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  33. James W. Kalat (1981). A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to Comparative Psychology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (1):147.score: 150.0
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  34. Euan M. Macphail (1989). Comparative Psychology: A Steady-State Universe. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):377.score: 150.0
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  35. George A. Miller (1983). Cognition and Comparative Psychology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (1):152.score: 150.0
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  36. Ethel Tobach (1987). Integrative Levels in the Comparative Psychology of Cognition, Language, and Consciousness. In G. Greenberg & E. Tobach (eds.), Cognition, Language, and Consciousness: Integrative Levels. Lawrence Erlbaum. 2--239.score: 150.0
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  37. K. V. Wilkes (1991). Of Mice and Men: The Comparative Assumption in Psychology. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 5 (1):3 – 19.score: 144.0
    Abstract Surprisingly, little theoretical attention has so far been paid to the ?Comparative Assumption?: the attempt to extrapolate from species to species in psychology (and particularly to the human species). This paper examines the problems and the possibilities inherent in the Comparative Assumption. Perhaps the most important conclusion of the paper is that much more work is needed on this intriguing question.
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  38. Elliot Cohen (2011). Pt. 2. Comparative Perspectives: Daoism, Psychology, and Psychosomanautics. In Livia Kohn (ed.), Living Authentically: Daoist Contributions to Modern Psychology. Three Pines Press.score: 126.0
     
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  39. MС Corballis & S. E. G. Lea (2000). Comparative-Evolutionary Psychology. In Kurt Pawlik & Mark R. Rosenzweig (eds.), International Handbook of Psychology. Sage Publications Ltd.score: 126.0
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  40. Uday Shanker (1992). Psycho-Analysis Vs. Psycho Synthesis or Yoga: A Comparative Study of Psycho-Analysis & Yoga Psychology. Enkay Publishers.score: 124.0
  41. Harold Coward (1979). Mysticism in the Analytical Psychology of Carl Jung and the Yoga Psychology of Patañjali: A Comparative Study. Philosophy East and West 29 (3):323-336.score: 120.0
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  42. Stuart Katz & Stephen Wilcox (1979). Do Many Private Worlds Imply No Real World? An Analysis of the Comparative Argument in Psychology. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 9 (3):289–301.score: 120.0
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  43. D. L. Evans (1928). Book Review:Spiritual Exercises and Their Results: An Essay in Psychology and Comparative Religion. Aelfrida Tillyard. [REVIEW] Ethics 38 (4):486-.score: 120.0
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  44. S. S. L. (1927). The Story of Philosophy. The Lives and Opinions of the Greater Philosophers. By Will Durant Ph.D. (London: Ernest Benn, Ltd. 1926. Pp. Xiii + 586. Price, 25s.)Comparative Philosophy. By Paul Masson-Oursel . With an Introduction by F. G. Crookshank, M.D. (London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner and Co., Ltd. 1926. Pp. 212. Price 10s. 6d. International Library of Psychology, Philosophy and Scientific Method.)Philosophy of the Recent Past. An Outline of European and American Philosophy Since 1860. By Ralph Barton Perry . (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. 1926. Pp. Viii + 230. Price 10s. 6d.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 2 (7):407.score: 120.0
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  45. Cameron Buckner (2011). Two Approaches to the Distinction Between Cognition and 'Mere Association'. International Journal for Comparative Psychology 24 (1):1-35.score: 120.0
    The standard methodology of comparative psychology has long relied upon a distinction between cognition and ‘mere association’; cognitive explanations of nonhuman animals behaviors are only regarded as legitimate if associative explanations for these behaviors have been painstakingly ruled out. Over the last ten years, however, a crisis has broken out over the distinction, with researchers increasingly unsure how to apply it in practice. In particular, a recent generation of psychological models appear to satisfy existing criteria for both cognition (...)
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  46. Andrew Whiten (1996). Imitation, Pretence and Mindreading: Secondary Representation in Comparative Primatology and Developmental Psychology. In A. Russon, Kim A. Bard & S. Parkers (eds.), Reaching Into Thought: The Minds of the Great Apes. Cambridge University Press. 300--324.score: 120.0
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  47. Sue Taylor Parker (2002). Comparative Developmental Evolutionary Psychology and Cognitive Ethology: Contrasting but Compatible Research Programs. In Marc Bekoff, Colin Allen & Gordon M. Burghardt (eds.), The Cognitive Animal: Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives on Animal Cognition. Mit Press.score: 120.0
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  48. Cameron Buckner (2013). A Property Cluster Theory of Cognition. Philosophical Psychology:1-30.score: 96.0
    Our prominent definitions of cognition are too vague and lack empirical grounding. They have not kept up with recent developments, and cannot bear the weight placed on them across many different debates. I here articulate and defend a more adequate theory. On this theory, behaviors under the control of cognition tend to display a cluster of characteristic properties, a cluster which tends to be absent from behaviors produced by non-cognitive processes. This cluster is reverse-engineered from the empirical tests that (...) psychologists use to determine whether a behavior was generated by a cognitive or a non-cognitive process. Cognition should be understood as the natural kind of psychological process that non-accidentally exhibits the properties assessed by these tests (as well as others we have not yet discovered). Finally, I review two plausible neural accounts of cognition's underlying mechanisms?one based in localization of function to particular brain regions and another based in the more recent distributed networks approach to neuroscience?which would explain why these properties non-accidentally cluster. While this notion of cognition may be useful for a number of debates, I here focus on its application to a recent crisis over the distinction between cognition and association in comparative psychology. (shrink)
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  49. Cameron Buckner (2013). Morgan's Canon, Meet Hume's Dictum: Avoiding Anthropofabulation in Cross-Species Comparisons. Biology and Philosophy 28 (5):853-871.score: 90.0
    How should we determine the distribution of psychological traits—such as Theory of Mind, episodic memory, and metacognition—throughout the Animal kingdom? Researchers have long worried about the distorting effects of anthropomorphic bias on this comparative project. A purported corrective against this bias was offered as a cornerstone of comparative psychology by C. Lloyd Morgan in his famous “Canon”. Also dangerous, however, is a distinct bias that loads the deck against animal mentality: our tendency to tie the competence criteria (...)
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  50. Randy Thornhill & Nancy Wilmsen Thornhill (1992). The Evolutionary Psychology of Men's Coercive Sexuality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (2):363-375.score: 90.0
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