Search results for 'Comparative government' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Erich Hula (1954). Arnold Brecht's Contribution to Comparative Government and International Relations. Social Research 21 (1):110-115.score: 150.0
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  2. R. G. Alsop, R. Khandelwal, E. H. Gilbert & J. Farrington (1996). The Human Capital Dimension of Collaboration Among Government, NGOs, and Farm Families: Comparative Advantage, Complications, and Observations From an Indian Case. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 13 (2):3-12.score: 144.0
    Stronger collaboration between government organizations (GOs), NGOs, and rural people has long been advocated as a means of enhancing the responsiveness, efficiency, and accountability of GOs and NGOs. This paper reviews the arguments and evidence for specific types of collaboration for sustainable agricultural development, setting it into the context of Korten's (1980) concept of “learning process.” Taking recent examples from Udaipur District in India, it reviews the experiences and potential of collaboration, arguing that, while informal interaction increases and enriches (...)
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  3. Charlotte Waterlow (1967). Tribe, State and Community: Contemporary Government and Justice. London, Methuen.score: 90.0
    This anecdote illustrates the juxtaposition of tribe and state in the modern world. Human beings are united into what we call 'societies' by common beliefs ...
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  4. Fred R. Dallmayr (ed.) (2010). Comparative Political Theory: An Introduction. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 90.0
     
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  5. C. H. Sisson (1992). English Perspectives: Essays on Liberty and Government. Carcanet.score: 90.0
  6. John R. Shook (2009). Comparative Political Philosophy: Categorizing Political Philosophies Using Twelve Archetypes. Metaphilosophy 40 (5):633-655.score: 84.0
    Abstract: Comparative political philosophy can be stimulated by imposing a categorization scheme on possible varieties of political philosophies. This article develops a categorization scheme using four essential features of political philosophies, resulting in twelve archetypal political philosophies. The four essential features selected are a political philosophy's views concerning human nature, the proper function of morality, the best form of society, and the highest responsibility of citizenship. The twelve archetypal political philosophies range from the communal (Rousseau), the democratic (J. S. (...)
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  7. Zvi Penner (1988). The Grammar of the Nominal Sentence: A Government-Binding Approach. Universitaet Bern, Institut für Sprachwissenschaft.score: 78.0
  8. Nicolas Berggruen (2013). Intelligent Governance for the 21st Century: A Middle Way Between West and East. Polity.score: 76.0
    For decades, liberal democracy has been extolled as the best system of governance to have emerged out of the long experience of history. Today, such a confident assertion is far from self-evident. Democracy, in crisis across the West, must prove itself. In the West today, the authors argue, we no longer live in "industrial democracies," but "consumer democracies" in which the governing ethos has ended up drowning households and governments in debt and resulted in paralyzing partisanship. In contrast, the long-term (...)
     
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  9. Pola B. Gupta, Stephen J. Gould & Bharath Pola (2004). “To Pirate or Not to Pirate”: A Comparative Study of the Ethical Versus Other Influences on the Consumer's Software Acquisition-Mode Decision. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 55 (3):255 - 274.score: 66.0
    Consumers of software often face an acquisition-mode decision, namely whether to purchase or pirate that software. In terms of consumer welfare, consumers who pirate software may stand in opposition to those who purchase it. Marketers also face a decision whether to attempt to thwart that piracy or to ignore, if not encourage it as an aid to their softwares diffusion, and policymakers face the decision whether to adopt interventionist policies, which are government-centric, or laissez faire policies, which are marketer-centric. (...)
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  10. Mark Purdon (2013). Land Acquisitions in Tanzania: Strong Sustainability, Weak Sustainability and the Importance of Comparative Methods. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (6):1127-1156.score: 66.0
    This paper distinguished different analytical approaches to the evaluation of the sustainability of large-scale land acquisitions—at both the conceptual and methodological levels. First, at the conceptual level, evaluation of the sustainability of land acquisitions depends on what definition of sustainability is adopted—strong or weak sustainability. Second, a lack of comparative empirical methods in many studies has limited the identification of causal factors affecting sustainability. An empirical investigation into the sustainability of land acquisitions in Tanzania that employs these existing concepts (...)
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  11. Baogang He & David Hundt (2012). A Deliberative Approach to Northeast Asia's Contested History. Japanese Journal of Political Science 13 (1):37-58.score: 66.0
    The failure to reconcile views of the past and to address historical injustice has damaged inter-state relations in Northeast Asia. Joint committees, dialogues and the participation of civil society have been used to address historical issues, but scholars in the disciplines of international relations and area studies have largely ignored these dialogues and deliberative forums. At the same time, there is an emergent theoretical literature on how deliberative democracy can address ethnic conflicts and historical injustice. There is a serious disconnect (...)
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  12. Paul Schumaker (ed.) (2010). The Political Theory Reader. Wiley-Blackwell.score: 60.0
    Utilizing 100 key readings, The Political Theory Reader explores the rich tradition of ideas that shape the way we live and the great issues in political theory ...
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  13. Nicholas Tampio (2014). What If the Pious Don't Want to Deliberate? Political Theory 42 (1):106-118.score: 60.0
    What should political theorists do when they travel beyond the West and find that ordinary people do not want to reflect upon their political commitments? One option is to do rehabilitative political theory and argue that China and Egypt, say, already possess deliberative cultures. A second option is to maintain that China and Egypt favor different, and better, ideals than democratic deliberation. A third option, and the one that I endorse, is to promote Socratic ideals in universities around the world. (...)
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  14. Franca Biondi Nalis, Fabrizio Sciacca & Enzo Sciacca (eds.) (2008). Studi in Memoria di Enzo Sciacca. A. Giuffrè.score: 60.0
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  15. Qingzhi Huan (2007). Huan Jing Zheng Zhi Guo Ji Bi Jiao. Shandong da Xue Chu Ban She.score: 60.0
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  16. Howard P. Kainz (1984). Democracy, East and West: A Philosophical Overview. St. Martin's Press.score: 60.0
  17. Naṣr Muḥammad ʻĀrif (1998). Naẓarīyāt Al-Siyāsah Al-Muqāranah Wa-Manhajīyat Dirāsat Al-Nuẓum Al-Siyāsīyah Al-ʻarabīyah: Muqārabah Īdilūjīyah. School of Islamic & Social Sciences.score: 60.0
     
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  18. J. J. Schwarzmantel (1994). The State in Contemporary Society: An Introduction. Harvester Wheatsheaf.score: 60.0
     
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  19. E. Lamas, M. Ferrer, A. Molina, R. Salinas, A. Hevia, A. Bota, D. Feinholz, M. Fuchs, R. Schramm, J. -C. Tealdi & S. Zorrilla (2010). A Comparative Analysis of Biomedical Research Ethics Regulation Systems in Europe and Latin America with Regard to the Protection of Human Subjects. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (12):750-753.score: 54.0
    The European project European and Latin American Systems of Ethics Regulation of Biomedical Research Project (EULABOR) has carried out the first comparative analysis of ethics regulation systems for biomedical research in seven countries in Europe and Latin America, evaluating their roles in the protection of human subjects. We developed a conceptual and methodological framework defining ‘ethics regulation system for biomedical research’ as a set of actors, institutions, codes and laws involved in overseeing the ethics of biomedical research on humans. (...)
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  20. Donald G. Norris & John B. Gifford (1988). Retail Store Managers' and Students' Perceptions of Ethical Retail Practices: A Comparative and Longitudinal Analysis (1976–1986). [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 7 (7):515 - 524.score: 54.0
    Considerable attention is currently being directed to ethics in business, government and academia in both the professional and popular media. Most of these studies propound that ethics have eroded over time, resulting in their current low state. However, few, if any, of these articles provide comparative or longitudinal data to support their arguments. In this investigation, both comparative and longitudinal data were collected between 1976 and 1986 from retail store managers and retail students concerning their current perceptions (...)
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  21. J. Allen & B. A. Hocking (2010). Unlocking the Alienation: A Comparative Role for Alien Torts Legislation in Post-Colonial Reparations Claims? [REVIEW] Human Rights Review 11 (2):247-276.score: 54.0
    This article continues the themes developed in a previous paper looking at reparations for past wrongs in post-colonial Australia. It narrows the focus to examine the scope of the law of tort to provide reparations suffered as a result of colonisation and dispossession, with particular emphasis on the assimilation policies whose legacy is now known emphatically, although it ought not be exclusively, as the Stolen Generations. The search for more than just words is particularly topical in light of the Australian (...)
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  22. Howard J. Curzer (2011). Benevolent Government Now. Comparative Philosophy 3 (1).score: 54.0
    Mencian benevolent government intervenes dramatically in many ways in the marketplace in order to secure the material well-being of the population, especially the poor and disadvantaged. Mencius considers this sort of intervention to be appropriate not just occasionally when dealing with natural disasters, but regularly. Furthermore, Mencius recommends shifting from regressive to progressive taxes. He favors reduction of inequality so as to reduce corruption of government by the wealthy, and opposes punishment for people driven to crime by destitution. (...)
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  23. Clive Dimmock (2011). Diversifying Schools and Leveraging School Improvement: A Comparative Analysis of the English Radical, and Singapore Conservative, Specialist Schools' Policies. British Journal of Educational Studies 59 (4):439 - 458.score: 54.0
    Within the context of fierce global economic competition, school diversification and specialist schools have been seen by governments as cornerstones of education policy to engineer school improvement in both England and Singapore for more than a decade. In both systems, the policy has manifested in different school types, school names and sometimes buildings-in England, specialist status schools, academies and most recently free schools; and in Singapore, specialist schools and niche schools. Diversification is promoted by each school emphasising distinctiveness in its (...)
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  24. P. R. Trujillo, A. Florensa & S. Borrós (2011). Are (Official) Ethical Approaches to Nanotechnology Affected by Cultural Context and Tradition? A Comparative Analysis: Europe-USA. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 1 (2):195.score: 54.0
    Lately, nanotechnology has become one of the main topics in the debates regarding what has been called the _Next Industrial Revolution_ within what are known as _emergent technologies_. This paper contains a comparative analysis of the different philosophical groundings, arguments and principles invoked in the official ethical approaches proposed by each of two of the main Western communities. By _official ethical approaches_ or _official positions_ we mean the opinions officially expressed by the government institutions about how ethical considerations (...)
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  25. Silvia Camporesi & Michael J. McNamee (2014). Performance Enhancement, Elite Athletes and Anti Doping Governance: Comparing Human Guinea Pigs in Pharmaceutical Research and Professional Sports. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 9 (1):4.score: 48.0
    In light of the World Anti Doping Agency’s 2013 Code Revision process, we critically explore the applicability of two of three criteria used to determine whether a method or substance should be considered for their Prohibited List, namely its (potential) performance enhancing effects and its (potential) risk to the health of the athlete. To do so, we compare two communities of human guinea pigs: (i) individuals who make a living out of serial participation in Phase 1 pharmacology trials; and (ii) (...)
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  26. Frederick A. Elliston (1982). Civil Disobedience and Whistleblowing: A Comparative Appraisal of Two Forms of Dissent. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 1 (1):23 - 28.score: 42.0
    This paper compares and evaluates two forms of dissent: civil disobedience — protests by citizens against the laws or actions of their government; and whistleblowing — disclosure by employees of illegal, immoral or questionable practices by their employees. Each is identified, the conceptual issues are distinguished from strategic and normative ones and parallel moral questions posed. Should one first dissent within prescribed channels before going outside them? Should one act publicly or is withholding one's identity permissible or desirable? What (...)
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  27. Gang Ke (1990). A Comparative Study of the Representational Paradigms Between Liberalism and Socialism. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 20 (1):5-34.score: 42.0
    Traditionally, debates over the issue of representation in liberalism and in socialism focused on such questions as who or whose interests should be represented in order to attest to the legitimacy of representation. In this article, a different and more fundamental approach is achieved by asking how the representation is accomplished. At this methodological point, liberalism and socialism diverge in their understanding of representative government: Each follows its own philosophical paradigm(s) that underly and justify its position. Differences between liberal (...)
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  28. Ben O'Neill, 7. “The Lender of Last Resort: A Comparative Analysis of Central Banking and Fractional-Reserve Free Banking.”.score: 42.0
    The necessity for a government "lender of last resort" has been advanced as a justification for central banking. In this paper, I compare lending practices under central ba..
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  29. Kentaro Fukumoto (2008). Legislative Production in Comparative Perspective: Cross-Sectional Study of 42 Countries and Time-Series Analysis of the Japan Case. Japanese Journal of Political Science 9 (1):1-19.score: 42.0
    Legislative scholars have debated what factors (e.g. divided government) account for the number of important laws a legislative body passes per year. This paper presents a monopoly model for explaining legislative production. It assumes that a legislature adjusts its law production so as to maximize its utility. The model predicts that socio-economic and political changes increase the marginal benefit of law production, whereas low negotiation costs and ample legislative resources decrease the marginal cost of law production. The model is (...)
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  30. Martin Thrupp (2001). School-Level Education Policy Under New Labour and New Zealand Labour: A Comparative Update. British Journal of Educational Studies 49 (2):187 - 212.score: 42.0
    This article compares the school-level education policies of the Labour-led coalition government elected in New Zealand in late 1999 with those of New Labour in England. It illustrates that the policies being introduced by the Labour coalition have been generally less managerial and market-oriented than New Labour's even though neoliberal pressures are likely to constrain what appears to be a shift to the left in New Zealand. The difference between the two settings is explained through reference to party political (...)
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  31. R. Hoedemaekers, H. Have & R. Chadwick (1997). Genetic Screening: A Comparative Analysis of Three Recent Reports. Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (3):135-141.score: 42.0
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  32. John Kelsay (2005). Democratic Virtue, Comparative Ethics, and Contemporary Islam. Journal of Religious Ethics 33 (4):697-707.score: 40.0
    This essay illustrates the kind of moral analysis Jeffrey Stout advocates in "Democracy and Tradition" by way of examining a conversation among Muslims that took place between June and December 2002. Their debate centers on al-Qaìda's legitimacy as God's chosen defender of Islam, which is called into question due to the tension between al-Qaìda's military tactics and the concepts of honorable combat held within the Islamic tradition. This giving and taking of reasons in both defense and detraction of al-Qaìda's tactics (...)
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  33. G. Baldini (2006). B. Denters E L.E. Rose (a Cura di), Comparing Local Governance: Trends and Developments. Polis 20 (1):119-121.score: 40.0
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  34. Roland Bardy & Arthur Rubens (2009). A Comparative View of Business Ethics and Governance in the US and Continental Europe. International Review of Information Ethics 10:02.score: 40.0
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  35. Fj Wetz (1991). Enigmatic Existence of a World-Governing Spirit and of a Spiritual World-Comparative-Analysis of Structure of Fichte and Schelling Late Philosophical Writings. Philosophisches Jahrbuch 98 (1):78-92.score: 40.0
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  36. Yossi Shain (1995). Between States: Interim Governments and Democratic Transitions. Cambridge University Press.score: 38.0
    Between States is the first book that assesses systematically the broad implications of interim governments in the establishment of democratic regimes and on the existence of states. Based on historical and contemporary democratisation experiences, the book presents four ideal types of interim government: opposition-led provisional governments, power-sharing interim governments, incumbent-led caretaker governments, and international interim government by the United Nations. The first part explores the theoretical problems of each of these models from a broad comparative perspective. It (...)
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  37. Robert W. McGee, Simon S. M. Ho & Annie Y. S. Li (2008). A Comparative Study on Perceived Ethics of Tax Evasion: Hong Kong Vs the United States. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 77 (2):147 - 158.score: 36.0
    This article begins with a review of the literature on the ethics of tax evasion and identifies the three main views that have emerged over the centuries, namely always ethical, sometimes ethical, and never or almost never ethical. It then reports on the results of a survey of HK and U.S. university business students who were asked to express their opinions on the 15 statements covering the three main views. The data are then analyzed to determine which of the three (...)
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  38. W. McGee Robert, S. M. Ho Simon & Y. S. Li Annie (2008). A Comparative Study on Perceived Ethics of Tax Evasion: Hong Kong Vs the United States. Journal of Business Ethics 77 (2).score: 36.0
    This article begins with a review of the literature on the ethics of tax evasion and identifies the three main views that have emerged over the centuries, namely always ethical, sometimes ethical, and never or almost never ethical. It then reports on the results of a survey of HK and U.S. university business students who were asked to express their opinions on the 15 statements covering the three main views. The data are then analyzed to determine which of the three (...)
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  39. James D. Sellmann (2013). Major, John S., Sarah A. Queen, Andrew Seth Meyer, and Harold D. Roth (Translators and Editors), The Huainanzi, A Guide to the Theory and Practice of Government in Early Han China of L Iu An, King of Huainan, New York: Columbia University Press, 2010, Xi + 986 Pages and Major, John S., Sarah A. Queen, Andrew Seth Meyer, and Harold D. Roth (Translators and Editors), The Essential Huainanzi of L Iu An, King of Huainan, New York: Columbia University Press, 2012, Vii + 252 Pages. [REVIEW] Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 12 (2):267-270.score: 36.0
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  40. Georg Aichholzer & Stefan Strauß (2010). The Austrian Case: Multi-Card Concept and the Relationship Between Citizen ID and Social Security Cards. [REVIEW] Identity in the Information Society 3 (1):65-85.score: 36.0
    National electronic identity (e-ID) card schemes and electronic identity management systems (e-IDMS) in Europe are characterised by considerable diversity. This contribution analyses the creation of a national e-IDMS in Austria with the aim of improving our understanding of the reasons behind the genesis of particular designs of national e-IDMS. It seeks to explain how the system’s specific design evolved and which factors shaped its appearance. Being part of a comparative four country study, a common theoretical framework is employed to (...)
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  41. Glen C. Filson (1993). Comparative Differences in Ontario Farmers' Environmental Attitudes. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 6 (2):165-184.score: 36.0
    This paper provides an analysis of a 1991 survey of the views of a stratified random sample of 1,105 Ontario farmers. Factor analysis, Kruskal—Wallis one-way ANOVA, chi-square and correlations were used to identify differences in farmers' attitudes toward rural environmental issues as a function of their demographic and farm characteristics. Younger, well-educated farmers, especially if female, were most concerned about the seriousness of rural environmental degradation. The largest operators expressed the greatest support for the use of agricultural chemicals, were most (...)
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  42. Geoffrey See (2009). Harmonious Society and Chinese CSR: Is There Really a Link? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 89 (1):1-22.score: 36.0
    In 2005, Chinese President Hu Jintao instituted a “Harmonious Society” policy marking a new China’s approach toward development. This generated intense excitement among observers of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) who perceive an overlap in objectives between CSR and Harmonious Society and believe that Harmonious Society will lead to increased CSR engagement in China. However, there is little exploration of how Harmonious Society will contribute to increasing CSR engagement. This article seeks to explore whether Harmonious Society will meet this promise. It (...)
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  43. Jung Hyoun Kim (2014). The Comparative Analysis of Public Support for Developing Regional Regime in East Sea Rim (Sea of Japan) Region. Japanese Journal of Political Science 15 (1):131-152.score: 36.0
    The East Sea (or Sea of Japan) (ESR/SOJ) Rim region, in which five countries have their own coastal areas, is complex and dynamic, with many emerging regional security concerns. In this paper, the author tries to show that there is the possibility of a maritime regional regime in the ESR/SOJ region by investigating the level of public support, in Japan and South Korea, for the formation of a regional regime. Based on the theoretical assumptions of constructivism, the author analyzes what (...)
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  44. Stephanie T. Rosenberg (2014). Asserting The Primacy of Health Over Patent Rights: A Comparative Study of the Processes That Led to the Use of Compulsory Licensing in Thailand and Brazil. Developing World Bioethics 14 (2):83-91.score: 36.0
    Since the 1970s, the United States has adopted a trade policy agenda that has forced countries to trade away flexible patent provisions for access to US markets. While pharmaceutical companies have argued that the recognition of patent rights is essential for recovering investments in research and development of pharmaceuticals and incentivizing future innovation, the lack of competition has had damaging consequences for public health, as companies tend to set the prices of treatments beyond the reach of consumers and government (...)
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  45. Erich Weede (2004). Comparative Economic Development in China and Japan. Japanese Journal of Political Science 5 (1):69-90.score: 36.0
    Three hundred years ago per capita incomes in China and Japan were about equal and fairly close to the global mean. At the end of the twentieth century Japanese per capita incomes are about as high as Western incomes and about seven times as high as Chinese incomes. How could this happen? Manchu China and Tokugawa Japan did not establish equally safe property rights for merchants and producers as the West did. But political fragmentation and feudalism within Japan provided something (...)
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  46. Tarvi Martens (2010). Electronic Identity Management in Estonia Between Market and State Governance. Identity in the Information Society 3 (1):213-233.score: 34.0
    The present paper summarizes the development of the national electronic Identity Management System (eIDMS) in Estonia according to a conceptual framework developed in an European comparative research project outlined in the first chapter of this special issue. Its main function is to amend the picture of the European eIDMS landscape by presenting a case with high involvement of the private sector and thereby checking the generalizations from the comparisons of Austria, Belgium, Germany and Spain, presented by Kubicek and Noack (...)
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  47. Isabelle Bruno (2009). The “Indefinite Discipline” of Competitiveness Benchmarking as a Neoliberal Technology of Government. Minerva 47 (3):261-280.score: 30.0
    Working on the assumption that ideas are embedded in socio-technical arrangements which actualize them, this essay sheds light on the way the Open Method of Co-ordination (OMC) achieves the Lisbon strategic goal: to become the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world . Rather than framing the issue in utilitarian terms, it focuses attention on quantified indicators, comparable statistics and common targets resulting from the increasing practice of intergovernmental benchmarking, in order to tackle the following questions: how does (...)
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  48. Atefeh Sadri McCampbell & Tina L. Rood (1997). Ethics in Government: A Survey of Misuse of Position for Personal Gain and its Implication for Developing Acquisition Strategy. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (11):1107-1116.score: 30.0
    This study surveys one element of the government standards of conduct, named "Misuse of Position for Personal Gain", assesses the results, and compares various acquisition strategies to identify high risk procurement where individual misuse of position for personal gain may be more pervasive. It also provides a valuable historical summary of government standards of conduct. The study concludes with an assessment of enforcement mechanisms, or lack thereof, to ensure that government procurement is conducted in a manner which (...)
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  49. Dejan Jelovac, Zeger Wal & Ana Jelovac (2011). Business and Government Ethics in the “New” and “Old” EU: An Empirical Account of Public–Private Value Congruence in Slovenia and the Netherlands. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 103 (1):127-141.score: 30.0
    This study reports on the hierarchy of organizational values in public and private sector organizations in Slovenia and the Netherlands. We surveyed 400 managers in Slovenia and 382 in the Netherlands using an identical questionnaire on the importance of a selection of values in everyday decision making. In Slovenia, impartiality, incorruptibility, and transparency were rated significantly higher in the public sector, while profitability, obedience, and reliability were rated more important in business organizations. In contrast, in the Netherlands, 11 values differed (...)
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  50. Roger W. Garrison (1993). The Roaring Twenties and the Bullish Eighties: The Role of Government in Boom and Bust. Critical Review 7 (2-3):259-276.score: 30.0
    There are significant parallels between the Roaring Twenties and the Bullish Eighties. Both decades were characterized by a policy?induced artificial boom that ended with an inevitable bust. The Federal Reserve had a hand in both episodes, keeping the interest rate artificially low in the first one and keeping Treasury bills artificially risk?free in the second. Comparing the two episodes in terms of Federal Reserve policy, federal government borrowing, and the regulatory environment faced by the banking community accounts for both (...)
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