Search results for 'Compulsion' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Robert N. Audi (1974). Moral Responsibility, Freedom, and Compulsion. American Philosophical Quarterly 11 (January):1-14.score: 18.0
    This paper sets out and defends an account of free action and explores the relation between free action and moral responsibility. Free action is analyzed as a certain kind of uncompelled action. The notion of compulsion is explicated in detail, And several forms of compulsion are distinguished and compared. It is argued that contrary to what is usually supposed, A person may be morally responsible for doing something even if he did not do it freely. On the basis (...)
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  2. James Beebe (2013). Weakness of Will, Reasonability, and Compulsion. Synthese 190 (18):4077-4093.score: 18.0
    Experimental philosophers have recently begun to investigate the folk conception of weakness of will (e.g., Mele in Philos Stud 150:391–404, 2010; May and Holton in Philos Stud 157:341–360, 2012; Beebe forthcoming; Sousa and Mauro forthcoming). Their work has focused primarily on the ways in which akrasia (i.e., acting contrary to one’s better judgment), unreasonable violations of resolutions, and variations in the moral valence of actions modulate folk attributions of weakness of will. A key finding that has emerged from this research (...)
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  3. Edmund Henden, Hans Olav Melberg & Ole Rogeberg (2013). Addiction: Choice or Compulsion? Frontiers in Addictive Disorders and Behavioral Dyscontrol 4 (77):11.score: 16.0
    Normative thinking about addiction has traditionally been divided between, on the one hand, a medical model which sees addiction as a disease characterized by compulsive and relapsing drug use over which the addict has little or no control and, on the other, a moral model which sees addiction as a choice characterized by voluntary behaviour under the control of the addict. Proponents of the former appeal to evidence showing that regular consumption of drugs causes persistent changes in the brain structures (...)
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  4. Ezio Di Nucci (2013). Addiction, Compulsion, and Agency. Neuroethics (1):1-3.score: 15.0
    I show that Pickard’s argument against the irresistibility of addiction fails because her proposed dilemma, according to which either drug-seeking does not count as action or addiction is resistible, is flawed; and that is the case whether or not one endorses Pickard’s controversial definition of action. Briefly, we can easily imagine cases in which drug-seeking meets Pickard’s conditions for agency without thereby implying that the addiction was not irresistible, as when the drug addict may take more than one route to (...)
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  5. Bill Brewer (1995). Mental Causation: Compulsion by Reason. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 69 (69):237-253.score: 15.0
    The standard paradigm for mental causation is a person’s acting for a reason. Something happens - she intentionally φ’s - the occurrence of which we explain by citing a relevant belief or desire. In the present context, I simply take for granted the following two conditions on the appropriateness of this explanation. First, the agent φ’s _because_ she believes/desires what we say she does, where this is expressive of a _causal_ dependence.1 Second, her believing/desiring this gives her a _reason_ for (...)
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  6. Paul Russell (1988). Causation, Compulsion, and Compatibilism. American Philosophical Quarterly 25 (October):313-321.score: 15.0
  7. Cesare Cozzo (forthcoming). Inference and Compulsion. In E. Moriconi (ed.), Second Pisa Colloquium in Logic,Language and Epistemology. ETS.score: 15.0
    What is an inference? Logicians and philosophers have proposed various conceptions of inference. I shall first highlight seven features that contribute to distinguish these conceptions. I shall then compare three conceptions to see which of them best explains the special force that compels us to accept the conclusion of an inference, if we accept its premises.
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  8. J. Wilson (1958). Freedom and Compulsion. Mind 67 (January):60-69.score: 15.0
  9. Christopher Buckels (2013). Compulsion to Rule in Plato's Republic. Apeiron 46 (1):63-84.score: 15.0
    Journal Name: Apeiron Volume: 46 Issue: 1 Pages: 63-84.
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  10. Louis Charland (2012). The Varieties of Compulsion in Addiction. AJOB Neuroscience 3 (2):50-51.score: 15.0
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  11. William Ferraiolo (2004). Against Compatibilism: Compulsion, Free Agency and Moral Responsibility. Sorites 15 (December):67-72.score: 15.0
  12. Megan Wallace, Compulsion, Love and the Willingness to Rule.score: 12.0
    We are told in Book I (347b-d) of The Republic that good people will not be willing to rule for money or honor. On the contrary, they will have to be coerced, by some compulsion or punishment, to rule. Moreover, in a city full of good men, there will be a competition to see who will be the ones not to rule. So a good or ‘true’ ruler will be one who does not necessarily want to rule. Even stronger: (...)
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  13. Robert Kowalski (2005). On Terrorism and the Politics of Compulsion. World Futures 61 (3):188 – 198.score: 12.0
    The concept of "terrorism" is problematized and argued to be at one end of a continuum of behavior that can be characterized as "compulsion." This approach to conflict is explained in terms of Transactional Analysis and the inadequacy of compulsion as a means of managing human affairs (politics) is explored in relation to the use of power that it requires, and to the responses it generates. An alternative behavior, based on "turning the other cheek" and Satyagraha (confronting), is (...)
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  14. Malcolm Tight (1998). Lifelong Learning: Opportunity or Compulsion? British Journal of Educational Studies 46 (3):251 - 263.score: 12.0
    Lifelong learning is presented as a means for enabling individuals, organisations and nations to meet the challenges of an increasingly competitive world. It suggests an extension of opportunity,involving all adults, whatever their interests or experience. There is also, however, a strong sense of expectation, even compulsion, with emphasis given to vocational forms of study and participation.
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  15. Lennart Nordenfelt (2007). Rationality and Compulsion: Applying Action Theory to Psychiatry. OUP Oxford.score: 12.0
    Rationality and Compulsion presents a unique examination of mental illness - derived from philosophical action theory. Delusion is common to many mental disorders, resulting in actions that, though perhaps rational to the individual, might seem entirely inappropriate or harmful to others. So what is it that causes these actions, and why do they continue? The theory expounded in this book shows how the key to this problem might be compulsion. -/- This book presents a new analysis of the (...)
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  16. Albino Barrera (2005). Economic Compulsion and Christian Ethics. Cambridge University Press.score: 12.0
    Markets can often be harsh in compelling people to make unpalatable economic choices any reasonable person would not take under normal conditions. Thus workers laid off in mid-career accept lower paid jobs that are beneath their professional experience for want of better alternatives. Economic migrants leave their families and cross borders (legally or illegally) in search of a livelihood and countless Third World families rely on child labor to supplement meagre household incomes. These are examples of economic compulsion, an (...)
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  17. Vincent Brümmer (1995). On Not Confusing Necessity with Compulsion: A Reply to Paul Helm. Religious Studies 31 (1):105 - 109.score: 12.0
    This paper responds to Helm's rebuttal of Brümmer's account of Bernard and Calvin in "Religious Studies" 30, 4. It contends that Helm confuses indeterminism with nondeterminism and that a clear distinction between freedom from necessity and freedom from compulsion must be drawn. Contra Helm, there is still a contradiction between Calvin's defence of freedom from compulsion and his account of the perseverance of God's grace.
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  18. Celia T. Bardwell-Jones (2013). Persuasion and Compulsion in the Classroom1. In Jacquelyn Kegley & Krzyszof Piotr Skowronski (eds.), Persuasion and Compulsion in Democracy. Lexington. 231.score: 12.0
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  19. Judith M. Green (2013). Persuasion and Compulsion in Democracy. In Jacquelyn Kegley & Krzyszof Piotr Skowronski (eds.), Persuasion and Compulsion in Democracy. Lexington. 173.score: 12.0
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  20. Jakub Wyborski (2013). The Forlorn Hope of Freedom and Rational Persuasion Beyond Compulsion—A Pragmatist View. In Jacquelyn Kegley & Krzyszof Piotr Skowronski (eds.), Persuasion and Compulsion in Democracy. Lexington. 107.score: 12.0
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  21. Gary Watson (1977). Skepticism About Weakness of Will. Philosophical Review 86 (3):316-339.score: 9.0
    My concern in this paper will be to explore and develop a version of nonsocratic skepticism about weakness of will. In my view, socratism is incorrect, but like Socrates, I think that the common understanding of weakness of will raises serious problems. Contrary to socratism, it is possible for a person knowingly to act contrary to his or her better judgment. But this description does not exhaust the common view of weakness. Also implicit in this view is the belief that (...)
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  22. Michael Smith (2003). Rational Capacities, Or: How to Distinguish Recklessness, Weakness, and Compulsion. In Sarah Stroud & Christine Tappolet (eds.), Weakness of Will and Practical Irrationality. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 17-38.score: 9.0
  23. Gary Watson (1999). Disordered Appetites: Addiction, Compulsion and Dependence. In Jon Elster (ed.), Addiction: Entries and Exits. Russell Sage Publications.score: 9.0
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  24. Eric Brown (2000). Justice and Compulsion for Plato's Philosopher–Rulers. Ancient Philosophy 20 (1):1-17.score: 9.0
  25. Ferenc Huoranszki (2011). Weakness and Compulsion: The Essential Difference. Philosophical Explorations 14 (1):81-97.score: 9.0
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  26. Jonathan Y. Tsou (2009). Rationality and Compulsion: Applying Action Theory to Psychiatry – by Lennart Nordenfelt. [REVIEW] Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (4):415-418.score: 9.0
  27. Gerald B. Dworkin (1968). Compulsion and Moral Concepts. Ethics 78 (3):227-233.score: 9.0
  28. T. M. Wilkinson (2007). Contagious Disease and Self-Defence. Res Publica 13 (4):339-359.score: 9.0
    This paper gives a self-defence account of the scope and limits of the justified use of compulsion to control contagious disease. It applies an individualistic model of self-defence for state action and uses it to illuminate the constraints on public health compulsion of proportionality and using the least restrictive alternative. It next shows how a self-defence account should not be rejected on the basis of past abuses. The paper then considers two possible limits to a self-defence justification: (...) of the non-culpable and over-inclusive compulsion. The paper claims that objections to compelling the non-culpable do not greatly restrict the scope of the self-defence justification. The over-included are, however, innocent bystanders, and methods such as compulsory quarantine, vaccination, and screening are not justified in self-defence. (shrink)
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  29. Richard Holton & Kent Berridge (forthcoming). Addiction Between Compulsion and Choice. In Neil Levy (ed.), Addiction and Self-Control. Oxford University Press.score: 9.0
    We aim to find a middle path between disease models of addiction, and those that treat addictive choices as choices like any other. We develop an account of the disease element by focussing on the idea that dopamine works primarily to lay down dispositional intrinsic desires. Addictive substances artifically boost the dopamine signal, and thereby lay down intrinsic desires for the substances that persist through withdrawal, and in the face of beliefs that they are worthless. The result is cravings that (...)
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  30. A. J. Cronin & J. Harris (2010). Authorisation, Altruism and Compulsion in the Organ Donation Debate. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (10):627-631.score: 9.0
    The report from the Organ Donation Taskforce looking at the potential impact of an opt-out system for deceased donor organ donation in the UK, published in November 2008, is probably the most comprehensive and systematic inquiry to date into the issues and considerations which might affect the availability of deceased donor organs for clinical transplantation. By the end of a thorough and transparent process, a clear consensus was reached. The taskforce rejected the idea of an opt-out system. In this article (...)
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  31. Pascal Boyer & Pierre Liénard (2006). Why Ritualized Behavior? Precaution Systems and Action Parsing in Developmental, Pathological and Cultural Rituals. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6):595-613.score: 9.0
    Ritualized behavior, intuitively recognizable by its stereotypy, rigidity, repetition, and apparent lack of rational motivation, is found in a variety of life conditions, customs, and everyday practices: in cultural rituals, whether religious or non-religious; in many children's complicated routines; in the pathology of obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD); in normal adults around certain stages of the life-cycle, birthing in particular. Combining evidence from evolutionary anthropology, neuropsychology and neuroimaging, we propose an explanation of ritualized behavior in terms of an evolved Precaution System geared (...)
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  32. Christopher Bobonich (1991). Persuasion, Compulsion and Freedom in Plato's Laws. Classical Quarterly 41 (02):365-.score: 9.0
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  33. Robert Heinaman (1988). Compulsion and Voluntary Action in the Eudemian Ethics. Noûs 22 (2):253-281.score: 9.0
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  34. Michael J. Sweeney (2007). Philosophy and Jihād: Al-Fārābī on Compulsion to Happiness. Review of Metaphysics 60 (3):543-572.score: 9.0
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  35. Thomas Schramme (2010). Lennart Nordenfelt, Rationality and Compulsion: Applying Action Theory to Psychiatry. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (2):229-232.score: 9.0
  36. Dwight Furrow (1998). Schindler's Compulsion: An Essay on Practical Necessity. American Philosophical Quarterly 35 (3):209 - 229.score: 9.0
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  37. Donald C. Williams (1953). Remarks on Causation and Compulsion. Journal of Philosophy 50 (4):120-124.score: 9.0
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  38. Kenneth A. Taylor (2000). What in Nature is the Compulsion of Reason? Synthese 122 (1-2):209 - 244.score: 9.0
    If reason is a real causal force,operative in some, but not all ofour cognition and conation, then itought to be possible to tell anaturalistic story that distinguishes themind which is moved byreason from the mind which is movedby forces other than reason.This essay proposes some steps towardthat end. I proceed by showingthat it is possible to reconcile certainemerging psychological ideasabout the causal powers of themind/brain with a venerablephilosophical vision of reason as the facultyof norms. My accountof reason is psychologistic, social, (...)
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  39. Robert Wachbroit (1987). Logical Compulsion and Necessity. Erkenntnis 26 (1):45 - 56.score: 9.0
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  40. Charles S. Chihara (1961). Wittgenstein and Logical Compulsion. Analysis 21 (6):136 - 140.score: 9.0
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  41. Brandy Ryan & Kerry Manders (2011). Review Essay I. Disrupting the Subject: A Plunderverse, After Joel Faflak Ii. Echoanalysis:" the Feminine Compulsion to Repeat". Mediatropes 3 (1):154-171.score: 9.0
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  42. Hugo Meynell (2007). Economic Compulsion and Christian Ethics. By Albino Barrera. Heythrop Journal 48 (2):330–331.score: 9.0
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  43. G. Laurie (2002). Better to Hesitate at the Threshold of Compulsion: PKU Testing and the Concept of Family Autonomy in Eire. Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (3):136-137.score: 9.0
  44. John White (1984). Compulsion and the Curriculum. British Journal of Educational Studies 32 (2):148 - 157.score: 9.0
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  45. Gardner Williams (1945). Logical and Natural Compulsion in Free Will. Journal of Philosophy 42 (March):185-191.score: 9.0
  46. M. S. Katz (1977). Compulsion and the Discourse on Compulsory School Attendance. Educational Theory 27 (3):179-185.score: 9.0
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  47. Thomas McNally & Sinéad McNally (forthcoming). Chomsky and Wittgenstein on Linguistic Competence. Nordic Wittgenstein Review.score: 9.0
    In his Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language , Saul Kripke presents his influential reading of Wittgenstein’s later writings on language. One of the largely unexplored features of that reading is that Kripke makes a small number of suggestive remarks concerning the possible threat that Wittgenstein’s arguments pose for Chomsky’s linguistic project. In this paper, we attempt to characterise the relevance of Wittgenstein’s later work on meaning and rule-following for transformational linguistics, and in particular to identify the potentially negative impact (...)
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  48. Andrew Bloodworth (2009). Rationality and Compulsion: Applying Action Theory to Psychiatry. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 17 (1):85-91.score: 9.0
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  49. Andrea L. Bonnicksen (1997). Fetal Motherhood: Toward a Compulsion to Generate Lives? Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (1):19-30.score: 9.0
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  50. Bill Brewer (1995). Compulsion by Reason (Mental Causation II). Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 69:237-53.score: 9.0
     
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