Search results for 'Conditional analysis' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Helen Yetter-Chappell (2013). Circularity in the Conditional Analysis of Phenomenal Concepts. Philosophical Studies 165 (2):553-572.score: 240.0
    The conditional analysis of phenomenal concepts purports to give physicalists a way of understanding phenomenal concepts that will allow them to (1) accept the zombie intuition, (2) accept that conceivability is generally a good guide to possibility, and yet (3) reject the conclusion that zombies are metaphysically possible. It does this by positing that whether phenomenal concepts refer to physical or nonphysical states depends on what the actual world is like. In this paper, I offer support for the (...)
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  2. Jaeho Lee (2011). Genuine Counterexamples to the Simple Conditional Analysis of Disposition: A Reply to Choi. Philosophia 39 (2):327-334.score: 240.0
    Choi (Philosophia, 38(3), 2010) argues that my counterexamples in Lee (Philosophia, 38(3), 2010) to the simple conditional analysis of disposition ascription are bogus counterexamples. In this paper, I argue that Choi’s arguments are not satisfactory and that my examples are genuine counterexamples.
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  3. Jaeho Lee (2010). Disposition, Explanation, and Causation—A Defense of the Reformed Conditional Analysis of Disposition. Philosophia 38 (3):569-577.score: 192.0
    D. Lewis proposed the reformed conditional analysis of disposition to handle Martin's influential counterexamples to the simple counterfactual analysis. Some philosophers, however, argue that the mere fact that the reformed conditional analysis of disposition can handle Martin's counterexamples should not be regarded as a reason to prefer the reformed conditional analysis to the simple analysis. In this paper, I argue that the reformed version should be preferred not because it can handle Martin's (...)
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  4. Sungho Choi (2009). The Conditional Analysis of Dispositions and the Intrinsic Dispositions Thesis. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 78 (3):568-590.score: 180.0
    The idea that dispositions are an intrinsic matter has been popular among contemporary philosophers of dispositions. In this paper I will first state this idea as exactly as possible. I will then examine whether it poses any threat to the two current versions of the conditional analysis of dispositions, namely, the simple and reformed conditional analysis of dispositions. The upshot is that the intrinsic nature of dispositions, when properly understood, doesn't spell trouble for either of the (...)
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  5. Torin Alter (2007). On the Conditional Analysis of Phenomenal Concepts. Philosophical Studies 134 (2):235 - 253.score: 180.0
    Zombies make trouble for physicalism. Intuitively, they seem conceivable, and many take this to support their metaphysical possibility – a result that, most agree, would refute physicalism. John Hawthorne (2002) [Philosophical Studies 109, 17–52] and David Braddon-Mitchell (2003) [The Journal of Philosophy 100, 111–135] have developed a novel response to this argument: phenomenal concepts have a conditional structure – they refer to non-physical states if such states exist and otherwise to physical states – and this explains the zombie intuition. (...)
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  6. Jussi Haukioja (2008). A Defence of the Conditional Analysis of Phenomenal Concepts. Philosophical Studies 139 (1):145 - 151.score: 180.0
    A recent strategy for defending physicalism about the mind against the zombie argument relies on the so-called conditional analysis of phenomenal concepts. According to this analysis, what kinds of states our phenomenal concepts refer to depends crucially on whether the actual world is merely physical or not. John Hawthorne, David Braddon-Mitchell and Robert Stalnaker have claimed, independently, that this analysis explains the conceivability of zombies in a way consistent with physicalism, thus blocking the zombie argument. Torin (...)
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  7. Torin Alter (2006). On the Conditional Analysis of Phenomenal Concepts. Philosophical Studies 131 (3):777-778.score: 180.0
    Zombies make trouble for physicalism. Intuitively, they seem conceivable, and many take this to support their metaphysical possibility – a result that, most agree, would refute physicalism. John Hawthorne (2002) [Philosophical Studies 109, 17–52] and David Braddon-Mitchell (2003) [The Journal of Philosophy 100, 111–135] have developed a novel response to this argument: phenomenal concepts have a conditional structure – they refer to non-physical states if such states exist and otherwise to physical states – and this explains the zombie intuition. (...)
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  8. Sungho Choi (2006). The Simple Vs. Reformed Conditional Analysis of Dispositions. Synthese 148 (2):369 - 379.score: 180.0
    Lewis claims that Martin’s cases indeed refute the simple conditional analysis of dispositions and proposes the reformed conditional analysis that is purported to overcome them. In this paper I will first argue that Lewis’s defense of the reformed analysis can be understood to invoke the concepts of disposition-specific stimulus and manifestation. I will go on to argue that advocates of the simple analysis, just like Lewis, can also defend their analysis from alleged counterexamples (...)
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  9. Ferenc Huoranszki (2011). Freedom of the Will: A Conditional Analysis. Routledge.score: 180.0
    Free will and powers -- Powers and possibilities -- Agency and responsibility -- The conditional analysis of free will -- Abilities and control -- Free will and reasons -- Intelligibility -- Rationality -- Spontaneity -- The determination of the self -- Some concluding remarks on autonomy and free will.
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  10. Davor Pećnjak & Institute of Philosophy, Not the Freedom of the Will: A Conditional Analysis.score: 180.0
    In his book "Freedom of the Will: A Conditional Analysis", Ferenc Huoranszki (2011) tries to defend improved and amended version of the conditional analysis of free will. In my critical review, taking chapters 2 and 4 of his book as the most crucial for his theory, I try to show that incompatibilism is still more persuasive and that amended conditional analysis is not compatible with determinism. Despite my criticism, I consider this book as a (...)
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  11. Carl Ginet (1980). The Conditional Analysis of Freedom. In P. Van Inwagen (ed.), Time and Cause: Essays Presented to Richard Taylor. Reidel. 171-186.score: 162.0
  12. Sungho Choi (2003). The Simple Conditional Analysis of Dispositions. Unpublished Article.score: 162.0
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  13. Lars Gundersen (2010). Tracking, Epistemic Dispositions and the Conditional Analysis. Erkenntnis 72 (3):353 - 364.score: 156.0
    According to Nozick’s tracking theory of knowledge, an agent a knows that p just in case her belief that p is true and also satisfies the two tracking conditionals that had p been false, she would not have believed that p , and had p been true under slightly different circumstances, she would still have believed that p . In this paper I wish to highlight an interesting but generally ignored feature of this theory: namely that it is reminiscent of (...)
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  14. Woojin Han (2008). The Conditional Analysis of Phenomenal Concepts. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 42:77-84.score: 156.0
    John Hawthorne (2002), David Braddon-Mitchell (2003), and Robert Stalnaker (2002), almost simultaneously but independently, developed a physicalistic argument which depends on such two conditional analyses: (1) If we experience dualistic pain, zombies are possible; (2) If our world is physicalistic, zombies are impossible. Hawthorne assumes that only an oracle will tell us which conditional is the case. From this setting, he concludes that zombies are conceivable butimpossible. I first show that Hawthorne actually fails in deriving neither the conceivability (...)
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  15. Wolfgang Malzkorn (2000). Realism, Functionalism and the Conditional Analysis of Dispositions. Philosophical Quarterly 50 (201):452-469.score: 150.0
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  16. Kevin D. Hoover (1990). The Logic of Causal Inference: Econometrics and the Conditional Analysis of Causation. Economics and Philosophy 6 (02):207-.score: 150.0
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  17. Stephen Mumford (2001). Realism and the Conditional Analysis of Dispositions: Reply to Malzkorn. Philosophical Quarterly 51 (204):375-378.score: 150.0
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  18. Simon Kittle (2013). Freedom of the Will: A Conditional Analysis, by Ferenc Huoranszki. Disputatio (37).score: 150.0
  19. Jan Thomas (1995). What We Can Say About What We Can Do: A Defense of the Conditional Analysis of 'Can'. Philosophical Papers 24 (3):167-182.score: 150.0
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  20. Mark Heller (1985). Non-Backtracking Counterfactuals and the Conditional Analysis. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 15 (1):75 - 85.score: 150.0
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  21. Edwin W. McCann (1975). The Conditional Analysis of 'Can': Goldman's 'Reductio' of Lehrer. Philosophical Studies 28 (6):437 - 441.score: 150.0
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  22. Zach Beckstead, Kenneth R. Cabell & Jaan Valsiner (2009). Generalizing Through Conditional Analysis: Systemic Causality in the World of Eternal Becoming. Humana.Mente 11:65-80.score: 150.0
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  23. Wolfgang Malzkorn (2001). On the Conditional Analysis of Dispositions. In Uwe Meixner (ed.), Metaphysics in the Post-Metaphysical Age. Wien. 140-148.score: 150.0
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  24. Nina Attridge & Matthew Inglis (2014). Intelligence and Negation Biases on the Conditional Inference Task: A Dual-Processes Analysis. 20 (4):454-471.score: 144.0
    (2014). Intelligence and negation biases on the Conditional Inference Task: A dual-processes analysis. Thinking & Reasoning: Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 454-471. doi: 10.1080/13546783.2014.897254.
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  25. Henry Markovits (2000). A Mental Model Analysis of Young Children's Conditional Reasoning with Meaningful Premises. Thinking and Reasoning 6 (4):335 – 347.score: 126.0
    Mental model theory has been used to explain many differing phenomena in adult reasoning, including the extensively studied case of conditional reasoning. However, the current theory makes predictions about the development of conditional reasoning that are not consistent with data. In this article, young children's performance on conditional reasoning problems and the justifications given are analysed. A mental model account of conditional reasoning is proposed that assumes that (1) young children can reason with two models and (...)
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  26. Miroslav Hanke (2013). Implied-Meaning Analysis of the Currian Conditional. History and Philosophy of Logic 34 (4):367 - 380.score: 126.0
    Expanding on the recent research of Stephen Read and Catarina Dutilh Novaes concerning Thomas Bradwardine's theory of truth, the present paper makes an effort to analyse the Currian conditional in terms of the so-called ?Bradwardine principle?, i.e. the principle that meaning is closed under entailment. Based upon two possible applications of this approach, alternative solutions to the issues of semantic pathology and trivialisation of deductive systems are presented.
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  27. Robert C. Stalnaker & Richmond H. Thomason (1970). A Semantic Analysis of Conditional Logic. Theoria 36 (1):23-42.score: 120.0
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  28. Hilmi Demir (2008). Counterfactuals Vs. Conditional Probabilities: A Critical Analysis of the Counterfactual Theory of Information. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (1):45 – 60.score: 120.0
    Cohen and Meskin 2006 recently offered a counterfactual theory of information to replace the standard probabilistic theory of information. They claim that the counterfactual theory fares better than the standard account on three grounds: first, it provides a better framework for explaining information flow properties; second, it requires a less expensive ontology; and third, because it does not refer to doxastic states of the information-receiving organism, it provides an objective basis. In this paper, I show that none of these is (...)
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  29. Ruth Manor (1974). A Semantic Analysis of Conditional Assertion. Journal of Philosophical Logic 3 (1/2):37 - 52.score: 120.0
  30. Charles B. Daniels & James B. Freeman (1980). An Analysis of the Subjunctive Conditional. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 21 (4):639-655.score: 120.0
  31. D. J. O'Connor (1951). The Analysis of Conditional Sentences. Mind 60 (239):351-362.score: 120.0
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  32. Howard C. Wasserman (1976). An Analysis of the Counterfactual Conditional. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 17 (3):395-400.score: 120.0
  33. Charles A. Baylis (1951). Review: D. J. O'Connor, The Analysis of Conditional Sentences. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 16 (4):301-302.score: 120.0
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  34. Helen Brodie (1940). Review: Roman Ingarden, Analysis of the Conditional Proposition. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 5 (4):164-165.score: 120.0
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  35. Angel Cabrera (1994). Functional and Conditional Equivalence: Conceptual Contributions From Behavior Analysis. In. In Ashwin Ram & Kurt Eiselt (eds.), Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Erlbaum. 16--130.score: 120.0
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  36. John T. Kearns (2004). An Illocutionary Analysis of Conditional Assertions” Próximamente En. In Libor Behounek (ed.), Logica Yearbook 2003.score: 120.0
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  37. Serge Lapierre (1991). New Results in the Analysis of Some Conditional Quantifiers and Their Logics. Logique Et Analyse 133 (133-140):105-120.score: 120.0
     
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  38. Jan Hauska (2008). Dispositions and Normal Conditions. Philosophical Studies 139 (2):219 - 232.score: 100.0
    It is agreed on all hands that the original version of the conditional analysis of dispositions is defeated by so-called finks and maskers. Some have responded to this predicament by contending that the counterfactual on the right-hand side of the analysis should be expected to hold only when the property it purports to describe is in normal conditions. The essay argues that at the end of the day this idea must presuppose that one is able to arrive (...)
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  39. Toby Handfield (2008). Unfinkable Dispositions. Synthese 160 (2):297 - 308.score: 90.0
    This paper develops two ideas with respect to dispositional properties: (1) Adapting a suggestion of Sungho Choi, it appears the conceptual distinction between dispositional and categorical properties can be drawn in terms of susceptibility to finks and antidotes. Dispositional, but not categorical properties, are not susceptible to intrinsic finks, nor are they remediable by intrinsic antidotes. (2) If correct, this suggests the possibility that some dispositions—those which lack any causal basis—may be insusceptible to any fink or antidote. Since finks and (...)
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  40. Jan Hauska (2009). Dispositions Unmasked. Theoria 75 (4):304-335.score: 90.0
    The problem of masking is widely regarded as a grave threat to the conditional analysis of dispositions. Unlike the difficulty arising in connection with finkish situations, the problem does not involve the (dis)appearance of a disposition upon the arrival of its activating conditions. Consequently, some promising responses to the finkish cases, in particular David Lewis's reformed analysis, are ill-equipped to deal with masks. I contend that the difficulty posed by masks can be surmounted by supplementing the counterfactual (...)
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  41. Sungho Choi (2010). Dispositions and Bogus Counterexamples: Reply to Lee. [REVIEW] Philosophia 38 (3):579-588.score: 90.0
    This paper discusses Lee’s argument that Lewis’s reformed conditional analysis of dispositions is preferable to the simple conditional analysis of dispositions. Lee’s argument is basically that there are some examples that can be adequately handled by Lewis’s analysis but cannot by the simple conditional analysis of dispositions. But I will reveal that, when carefully understood, they spell no trouble for the simple conditional analysis of dispositions, failing to serve a motivating role (...)
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  42. Tobias Hansson (2006). Too Many Dispositional Properties. SATS 7 (2):37-42.score: 90.0
    This paper identifies an overdetermination problem faced by the non-reductive dispositional property account of disposition ascriptions. Two possible responses to the problem are evaluated and both are shown to have serious drawbacks. Finally it is noted that the traditional conditional analysis of dispositional ascriptions escapes the original difficulty.
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  43. Matthias Unterhuber (forthcoming). Do Ceteris Paribus Laws Exist? A Regularity-Based Best System Analysis. Erkenntnis.score: 90.0
    The paper argues that ceteris paribus (cp) laws exist, based on a Lewisian best system analysis of lawhood (BSA). Furthermore, it is shown that a BSA faces a second trivialization problem besides the one identified by Lewis. The first point concerns an argument against cp laws by Earman and Roberts. The second point aims to help making some assumptions of the BSA explicit. To address the second trivialization problem, a restriction in terms of natural logical constants is proposed that (...)
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  44. Thorsten Clausing (2002). A Syntactic Framework with Probabilistic Beliefs and Conditionals for the Analysis of Strategic Form Games. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 11 (3):335-348.score: 78.0
    In this paper, I develop a syntactic framework for the analysis ofstrategic form games that is based on a straightforward combination ofstandard systems of doxastic, probabilistic and conditionalpropositional logic. In particular, for the probabilistic part I makeuse of the axiomatization provided in Fagin and Halpern (1994). The use ofconditionals allows to represent a strategic form game by a logicalformula in a very natural way. Also expected utility maximization can benaturally captured. I use this framework to prove a version of (...)
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  45. Raamy Majeed (2014). A Priori Conditionals and the Conceivability of Zombies. Philosophical Papers 43 (2):227-253.score: 72.0
    (2014). A Priori Conditionals and the Conceivability of Zombies. Philosophical Papers: Vol. 43, No. 2, pp. 227-253.
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  46. N. Soldati, V. D. Calhoun, L. Bruzzone & J. Jovicich (2012). ICA Analysis of fMRI with Real-Time Constraints: An Evaluation of Fast Detection Performance as Function of Algorithms, Parameters and a Priori Conditions. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7:19-19.score: 68.0
    Independent Component Analysis (ICA) techniques offer a data-driven possibility to analyse brain functional MRI data in real-time. Typical ICA methods used in fMRI, however, have been until now mostly developed and optimized for the off-line case in which all data is available. Real-time experiments are ill-posed for ICA in that several constraints are added: limited data, limited analysis time and dynamic changes in the data and computational speed. Previous studies have shown that particular choices of ICA parameters can (...)
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  47. Rani Lill Anjum, Johan Arnt Myrstad & Stephen Mumford, Conditional Probability From an Ontological Point of View.score: 66.0
    This paper argues that the technical notion of conditional probability, as given by the ratio analysis, is unsuitable for dealing with our pretheoretical and intuitive understanding of both conditionality and probability. This is an ontological account of conditionals that include an irreducible dispositional connection between the antecedent and consequent conditions and where the conditional has to be treated as an indivisible whole rather than compositional. The relevant type of conditionality is found in some well-defined group of (...) statements. As an alternative, therefore, we briefly offer grounds for what we would call an ontological reading: for both conditionality and conditional probability in general. It is not offered as a fully developed theory of conditionality but can be used, we claim, to explain why calculations according to the RATIO scheme does not coincide with our intuitive notion of conditional probability. What it shows us is that for an understanding of the whole range of conditionals we will need what John Heil (2003), in response to Quine (1953), calls an ontological point of view. (shrink)
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  48. John Martin Fischer (2008). Responsibility and the Kinds of Freedom. Journal of Ethics 12 (3/4):203 - 228.score: 66.0
    In this paper I seek to identify different sorts of freedom putatively linked to moral responsibility; I then explore the relationship between such notions of freedom and the Consequence Argument, on the one hand, and the Frankfurt-examples, on the other. I focus (in part) on a dilemma: if a compatibilist adopts a broadly speaking "conditional" understanding of freedom in reply to the Consequence Argument, such a theorist becomes vulnerable in a salient way to the Frankfurt-examples.
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  49. Luca Moretti (2008). Brogaard and Salerno on Antirealism and the Conditional Fallacy. Philosophical Studies 140 (2):229 - 246.score: 66.0
    Brogaard and Salerno (2005, Nous, 39, 123–139) have argued that antirealism resting on a counterfactual analysis of truth is flawed because it commits a conditional fallacy by entailing the absurdity that there is necessarily an epistemic agent. Brogaard and Salerno's argument relies on a formal proof built upon the criticism of two parallel proofs given by Plantinga (1982, "Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association", 56, 47–70) and Rea (2000, "Nous," 34, 291–301). If this argument were conclusive, (...)
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  50. Nate Charlow (2013). Conditional Preferences and Practical Conditionals. Linguistics and Philosophy 36 (6):463-511.score: 66.0
    I argue that taking the Practical Conditionals Thesis (PCT) seriously demands a new understanding of the semantics of such conditionals. Practical Conditionals Thesis: A practical conditional [if A][ought(B)] expresses B’s conditional preferability given A Paul Weirich has argued that the conditional utility of a state of affairs B on A is to be identified as the degree to which it is desired under indicative supposition that A. Similarly, exploiting the PCT, I will argue that the proper (...) of indicative practical (as well as imperative) conditionals is in terms of what is planned, desired, or preferred, given suppositional changes to an agent’s information. Implementing such a conception of conditional preference in a semantic analysis of indicative practical conditionals turns out to be incompatible with any approach which treats the indicative conditional as expressing non-vacuous universal quantification over some domain of relevant antecedent-possibilities. Such analyses, I argue, encode a fundamental misunderstanding of what it is to be best, given some condition. The analysis that does the best vis-à-vis the PCT is, instead, one that blends (i) a Context-Shifty account of indicative antecedents with (ii) an Expressivistic, or non-propositional, treatment of their practical consequents. (shrink)
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