Search results for 'Conditioning' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. A. Field (2000). I Like It, but I'm Not Sure Why: Can Evaluative Conditioning Occur Without Conscious Awareness? Consciousness and Cognition 9 (1):13-36.
    There is good evidence that, in general, autonomic conditioning in humans occurs only when subjects can verbalize the contingencies of conditioning. However, one form of conditioning, evaluative conditioning (EC), seems exceptional in that a growing body of evidence suggests that it can occur without conscious contingency awareness. As such, EC offers a unique insight into what role contingency awareness might play in associative learning. Despite this evidence, there are reasons to doubt that evaluative conditioning can (...)
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  2.  65
    Richard Bradley (2005). Radical Probabilism and Bayesian Conditioning. Philosophy of Science 72 (2):342-364.
    Richard Jeffrey espoused an antifoundationalist variant of Bayesian thinking that he termed ‘Radical Probabilism’. Radical Probabilism denies both the existence of an ideal, unbiased starting point for our attempts to learn about the world and the dogma of classical Bayesianism that the only justified change of belief is one based on the learning of certainties. Probabilistic judgment is basic and irreducible. Bayesian conditioning is appropriate when interaction with the environment yields new certainty of belief in some proposition but leaves (...)
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  3.  23
    Carl Wagner (2013). Is Conditioning Really Incompatible with Holism? Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (2):409-414.
    Jonathan Weisberg claims that certain probability assessments constructed by Jeffrey conditioning resist subsequent revision by a certain type of after-the-fact defeater of the reasons supporting those assessments, and that such conditioning is thus “inherently anti-holistic.” His analysis founders, however, in applying Jeffrey conditioning to a partition for which an essential rigidity condition clearly fails. Applied to an appropriate partition, Jeffrey conditioning is amenable to revision by the sort of after-the-fact defeaters considered by Weisberg in precisely the (...)
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  4.  36
    Christophe Gonzales & Pierre-Henri Wuillemin (2011). PRM Inference Using Jaffray & Faÿ's Local Conditioning. Theory and Decision 71 (1):33-62.
    Probabilistic Relational Models (PRMs) are a framework for compactly representing uncertainties (actually probabilities). They result from the combination of Bayesian Networks (BNs), Object-Oriented languages, and relational models. They are specifically designed for their efficient construction, maintenance and exploitation for very large scale problems, where BNs are known to perform poorly. Actually, in large-scale problems, it is often the case that BNs result from the combination of patterns (small BN fragments) repeated many times. PRMs exploit this feature by defining these patterns (...)
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  5.  23
    Lydia McGrew (2014). Jeffrey Conditioning, Rigidity, and the Defeasible Red Jelly Bean. Philosophical Studies 168 (2):569-582.
    Jonathan Weisberg has argued that Jeffrey Conditioning is inherently “anti-holistic” By this he means, inter alia, that JC does not allow us to take proper account of after-the-fact defeaters for our beliefs. His central example concerns the discovery that the lighting in a room is red-tinted and the relationship of that discovery to the belief that a jelly bean in the room is red. Weisberg’s argument that the rigidity required for JC blocks the defeating role of the red-tinted light (...)
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  6.  18
    Batsell Jr & Aaron G. Blankenship (2002). Beyond Potentiation: Synergistic Conditioning in Flavor-Aversion Learning. [REVIEW] Brain and Mind 3 (3):383-408.
    Taste-aversion learning has been a popular paradigm for examining associative processes because it often produces outcomes that are different from those observed in other classical conditioning paradigms. One such outcome is taste-mediated odor potentiation in which aversion conditioning with a weak odor and a strong taste results in increased or synergistic conditioning to the odor. Because this strengthened odor aversion was not anticipated by formal models of learning, investigation of taste-mediated odor potentiation was a hot topic in (...)
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  7.  16
    W. Robert Batsell Jr & Aaron G. Blankenship (2002). Beyond Potentiation: Synergistic Conditioning in Flavor-Aversion Learning. [REVIEW] Brain and Mind 3 (3):383-408.
    Taste-aversion learning has been a popular paradigm for examining associative processes because it often produces outcomes that are different from those observed in other classical conditioning paradigms. One such outcome is taste-mediated odor potentiation in which aversion conditioning with a weak odor and a strong taste results in increased or synergistic conditioning to the odor. Because this strengthened odor aversion was not anticipated by formal models of learning, investigation of taste-mediated odor potentiation was a hot topic in (...)
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  8.  18
    W. Robert Batsell & Aaron G. Blankenship (2002). Beyond Potentiation: Synergistic Conditioning in Flavor-Aversion Learning. [REVIEW] Brain and Mind 3 (3):383-408.
    Taste-aversion learning has been a popular paradigm for examining associative processes because it often produces outcomes that are different from those observed in other classical conditioning paradigms. One such outcome is taste-mediated odor potentiation in which aversion conditioning with a weak odor and a strong taste results in increased or synergistic conditioning to the odor. Because this strengthened odor aversion was not anticipated by formal models of learning, investigation of taste-mediated odor potentiation was a hot topic in (...)
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  9.  10
    H. J. Eysenck (1979). The Conditioning Model of Neurosis. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (2):155-166.
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  10.  12
    Jaylan Sheila Turkkan (1989). Classical Conditioning: The New Hegemony. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (1):121.
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  11.  76
    A. C. Courville, N. D. Daw & D. S. Touretzky (2006). Bayesian Theories of Conditioning in a Changing World. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (7):294-300.
  12.  4
    Robert Ader & Nicholas Cohen (1985). CNS–Immune System Interactions: Conditioning Phenomena. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (3):379-395.
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  13. Peter F. Lovibond & David R. Shanks (2002). The Role of Awareness in Pavlovian Conditioning: Empirical Evidence and Theoretical Implications. Journal of Experimental Psychology 28 (1):3-26.
  14.  2
    Allan R. Wagner, Jerry W. Rudy & Jesse W. Whitlow (1973). Rehearsal in Animal Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (3):407.
  15.  4
    Allan R. Wagner (1961). Effects of Amount and Percentage of Reinforcement and Number of Acquisition Trials on Conditioning and Extinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (3):234.
  16.  90
    Robert E. Clark, Joseph R. Manns & Larry R. Squire (2002). Classical Conditioning, Awareness, and Brain Systems. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (12):524-531.
  17.  1
    Stewart H. Hulse Jr (1958). Amount and Percentage of Reinforcement and Duration of Goal Confinement in Conditioning and Extinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 56 (1):48.
  18.  4
    Michael E. Dawson & Michael A. Biferno (1973). Concurrent Measurement of Awareness and Electrodermal Classical Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (1):55.
  19.  4
    Harvey C. Ebel & William F. Prokasy (1963). Classical Eyelid Conditioning as a Function of Sustained and Shifted Interstimulus Intervals. Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (1):52.
  20.  2
    E. J. Capaldi & Robert W. Waters (1970). Conditioning and Nonconditioning Interpretations of Small-Trial Phenomena. Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (3):518.
  21.  3
    Arthur W. Staats, Carolyn K. Staats & William G. Heard (1961). Denotative Meaning Established by Classical Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (4):300.
  22.  1
    Paul A. Obrist, Donald M. Wood & Mario Perez-Reyes (1965). Heart Rate During Conditioning in Humans: Effects of UCS Intensity, Vagal Blockade, and Adrenergic Block of Vasomotor Activity. Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (1):32.
  23.  15
    David K. Spelt (1948). The Conditioning of the Human Fetus in Utero. Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (3):338.
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  24.  12
    W. K. Estes (1943). Discriminative Conditioning. I. A Discriminative Property of Conditioned Anticipation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 32 (2):150.
  25.  2
    Irwin J. Mandel & Wagner H. Bridger (1967). Interaction Between Instructions and Isi in Conditioning and Extinction of the Gsr. Journal of Experimental Psychology 74 (1):36-43.
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  26.  3
    S. W. Cook & R. E. Harris (1937). The Verbal Conditioning of the Galvanic Skin Reflex. Journal of Experimental Psychology 21 (2):202.
  27.  1
    D. D. Wickens (1939). A Study of Voluntary and Involuntary Finger Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 25 (2):127.
  28.  4
    Gordon H. Bower (1961). A Contrast Effect in Differential Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (2):196.
  29.  1
    M. R. D'amato, James Fazzaro & Michael Etkin (1968). Anticipatory Responding and Avoidance Discrimination as Factors in Avoidance Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (1):41.
  30.  24
    James W. Manns, R. Clark & L. R. Squire (2000). Awareness Predicts the Magnitude of Single-Cue Trace Eyeblink Conditioning. Hippocampus 10 (2):181-186.
  31.  46
    Joseph R. Manns, Robert E. Clark & Larry R. Squire (2001). Single-Cue Delay Eyeblink Conditioning is Unrelated to Awareness. Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience 1 (2):192-198.
  32.  19
    Marianne Hammerl (2000). I Like It, but Only When I'm Not Sure Why: Evaluative Conditioning and the Awareness Issue. Consciousness and Cognition 9 (1):37-40.
  33.  5
    Ellen Kimmel (1967). Judgments of Ucs Intensity and Diminution of the Ucr in Classical Gsr Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (4p1):532.
  34.  29
    Joseph J. Antonitis (1951). Response Variability in the White Rat During Conditioning, Extinction, and Reconditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 42 (4):273.
  35.  9
    Tiago V. Maia (2009). Fear Conditioning and Social Groups: Statistics, Not Genetics. Cognitive Science 33 (7):1232-1251.
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  36.  4
    H. Wayne Ludvigson & Robert A. Gay (1967). An Investigation of Conditions Determining Contrast Effects in Differential Reward Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (1):37.
  37.  12
    John J. Furedy & Karl Schiffman (1973). Concurrent Measurement of Autonomic and Cognitive Processes in a Test of the Traditional Discriminative Control Procedure for Pavlovian Electrodermal Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (1):210.
  38.  2
    John Theios, A. David Lynch & William F. Lowe Jr (1966). Differential Effects of Shock Intensity on One-Way and Shuttle Avoidance Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (2):294.
  39.  3
    Michael E. Dawson (1970). Cognition and Conditioning: Effects of Masking the CS-UCS Contingency on Human GSR Classical Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 85 (3):389.
  40.  2
    Jeffrey A. Seybert, Roger L. Mellgren, Jared B. Jobe & Ed Eckert (1974). Sequential Effects in Discrete-Trials Instrumental Escape Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (3):473.
  41.  8
    Carolyn K. Staats & Arthur W. Staats (1957). Meaning Established by Classical Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 54 (1):74.
  42. Jan de Houwer (2006). Using the Implicit Association Test Does Not Rule Out an Impact of Conscious Propositional Knowledge on Evaluative Conditioning. Learning and Motivation 37 (2):176-187.
  43.  1
    C. F. Schramm & H. D. Kimmel (1970). Resistance to Extinction in GSR Conditioning Following Different Numbers of Postpeak Acquisition Trials. Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (2):239.
  44.  3
    Paul Schnur & Charles J. Ksir (1969). Latent Inhibition in Human Eyelid Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (2p1):388.
  45.  11
    Gregory Razran (1954). The Conditioned Evocation of Attitudes (Cognitive Conditioning?). Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (4):278.
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  46.  2
    Michael J. Zajano & David A. Grant (1974). Response Topography in the Acquisition of Differential Eyelid Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (6):1115.
  47.  3
    James R. Gavelek & James H. McHose (1970). Contrast Effects in Differential Delay of Reward Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (3):454.
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  48.  5
    W. J. Brogden (1939). Sensory Pre-Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 25 (4):323.
  49.  1
    Robert F. Weiss, Jenny L. Boyer, James T. Colwick & Dennis J. Moran (1971). A Delay of Reinforcement Gradient and Correlated Reinforcement in the Instrumental Conditioning of Conversational Behavior. Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (1):33.
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  50.  4
    Thomas F. Hartman & Leonard E. Ross (1961). An Alternative Criterion for the Elimination of "Voluntary" Responses in Eyelid Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (4):334.
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