Search results for 'Conditioning' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
  1. A. Field (2000). I Like It, but I'm Not Sure Why: Can Evaluative Conditioning Occur Without Conscious Awareness? Consciousness and Cognition 9 (1):13-36.score: 24.0
    There is good evidence that, in general, autonomic conditioning in humans occurs only when subjects can verbalize the contingencies of conditioning. However, one form of conditioning, evaluative conditioning (EC), seems exceptional in that a growing body of evidence suggests that it can occur without conscious contingency awareness. As such, EC offers a unique insight into what role contingency awareness might play in associative learning. Despite this evidence, there are reasons to doubt that evaluative conditioning can (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Lydia McGrew (2014). Jeffrey Conditioning, Rigidity, and the Defeasible Red Jelly Bean. Philosophical Studies 168 (2):569-582.score: 24.0
    Jonathan Weisberg has argued that Jeffrey Conditioning is inherently “anti-holistic” By this he means, inter alia, that JC does not allow us to take proper account of after-the-fact defeaters for our beliefs. His central example concerns the discovery that the lighting in a room is red-tinted and the relationship of that discovery to the belief that a jelly bean in the room is red. Weisberg’s argument that the rigidity required for JC blocks the defeating role of the red-tinted light (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Carl Wagner (2013). Is Conditioning Really Incompatible with Holism? Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (2):409-414.score: 24.0
    Jonathan Weisberg claims that certain probability assessments constructed by Jeffrey conditioning resist subsequent revision by a certain type of after-the-fact defeater of the reasons supporting those assessments, and that such conditioning is thus “inherently anti-holistic.” His analysis founders, however, in applying Jeffrey conditioning to a partition for which an essential rigidity condition clearly fails. Applied to an appropriate partition, Jeffrey conditioning is amenable to revision by the sort of after-the-fact defeaters considered by Weisberg in precisely the (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Richard Bradley (2005). Radical Probabilism and Bayesian Conditioning. Philosophy of Science 72 (2):342-364.score: 24.0
    Richard Jeffrey espoused an antifoundationalist variant of Bayesian thinking that he termed ‘Radical Probabilism’. Radical Probabilism denies both the existence of an ideal, unbiased starting point for our attempts to learn about the world and the dogma of classical Bayesianism that the only justified change of belief is one based on the learning of certainties. Probabilistic judgment is basic and irreducible. Bayesian conditioning is appropriate when interaction with the environment yields new certainty of belief in some proposition but leaves (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. W. Robert Batsell & Aaron G. Blankenship (2002). Beyond Potentiation: Synergistic Conditioning in Flavor-Aversion Learning. [REVIEW] Brain and Mind 3 (3):383-408.score: 24.0
    Taste-aversion learning has been a popular paradigm for examining associative processes because it often produces outcomes that are different from those observed in other classical conditioning paradigms. One such outcome is taste-mediated odor potentiation in which aversion conditioning with a weak odor and a strong taste results in increased or synergistic conditioning to the odor. Because this strengthened odor aversion was not anticipated by formal models of learning, investigation of taste-mediated odor potentiation was a (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Pieter Jan Stallen Anna C. Bolders, Guido P. H. Band (2012). Evaluative Conditioning Induces Changes in Sound Valence. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    Evaluative Conditioning (EC) has hardly been tested in the auditory domain, but it is a potentially valuable research tool. In Experiment 1 we investigated whether the affective evaluation of short environmental sounds can be changed using affective words as unconditioned stimuli (US). Congruence effects on an affective priming task (APT) for conditioned sounds demonstrated successful EC. Subjective ratings for sounds paired with negative words changed accordingly. In Experiment 2 we investigated whether the acquired valence remains stable after repeated presentation (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Batsell Jr & Aaron G. Blankenship (2002). Beyond Potentiation: Synergistic Conditioning in Flavor-Aversion Learning. [REVIEW] Brain and Mind 3 (3):383-408.score: 24.0
    Taste-aversion learning has been a popular paradigm for examining associative processes because it often produces outcomes that are different from those observed in other classical conditioning paradigms. One such outcome is taste-mediated odor potentiation in which aversion conditioning with a weak odor and a strong taste results in increased or synergistic conditioning to the odor. Because this strengthened odor aversion was not anticipated by formal models of learning, investigation of taste-mediated odor potentiation was a hot topic in (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Ralf Veit, Lilian Konicar, Jens G. Klinzing, Beatrix Barth, Özge Yilmaz & Niels Birbaumer (2013). Deficient Fear Conditioning in Psychopathy as a Function of Interpersonal and Affective Disturbances. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7:706.score: 24.0
    The diminished fear reactivity is one of the most valid physiological findings in psychopathy research. In a fear conditioning paradigm, with faces as conditioned stimulus (CS) and electric shock as unconditioned stimulus (US), we investigated a sample of 14 high psychopathic violent offenders. Event related potentials, skin conductance responses (SCR) as well as subjective ratings of the CSs were collected. This study assessed to which extent the different facets of the psychopathy construct contribute to the fear conditioning deficits (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Christophe Gonzales & Pierre-Henri Wuillemin (2011). PRM Inference Using Jaffray & Faÿ's Local Conditioning. Theory and Decision 71 (1):33-62.score: 24.0
    Probabilistic Relational Models (PRMs) are a framework for compactly representing uncertainties (actually probabilities). They result from the combination of Bayesian Networks (BNs), Object-Oriented languages, and relational models. They are specifically designed for their efficient construction, maintenance and exploitation for very large scale problems, where BNs are known to perform poorly. Actually, in large-scale problems, it is often the case that BNs result from the combination of patterns (small BN fragments) repeated many times. PRMs exploit this feature by defining these patterns (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. W. Robert Batsell Jr & Aaron G. Blankenship (2002). Beyond Potentiation: Synergistic Conditioning in Flavor-Aversion Learning. [REVIEW] Brain and Mind 3 (3):383-408.score: 24.0
    Taste-aversion learning has been a popular paradigm for examining associative processes because it often produces outcomes that are different from those observed in other classical conditioning paradigms. One such outcome is taste-mediated odor potentiation in which aversion conditioning with a weak odor and a strong taste results in increased or synergistic conditioning to the odor. Because this strengthened odor aversion was not anticipated by formal models of learning, investigation of taste-mediated odor potentiation was a hot topic in (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Tristan A. Bekinschtein, Moos Peeters, Diego Shalom & Mariano Sigman (2011). Sea Slugs, Subliminal Pictures, and Vegetative State Patients: Boundaries of Consciousness in Classical Conditioning. Frontiers in Psychology 2:337-337.score: 24.0
    Classical (trace) conditioning is a specific variant of associative learning in which a neutral stimulus leads to the subsequent prediction of an emotionally charged or noxious stimulus after a temporal gap. When conditioning is concurrent with a distraction task, only participants who can report the relationship (the contingency) between stimuli explicitly show associative learning. This suggests that consciousness is a prerequisite for trace conditioning. We review and question three main controversies concerning this view. Firstly, virtually all animals, (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Meghan Davis Caulfield, J. Devin McAuley & Richard J. Servatius (2013). Facilitated Acquisition of Eyeblink Conditioning in Those Vulnerable to Anxiety Disorders. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 24.0
    Behavioral inhibition (BI) increases vulnerability to develop anxiety disorders and is typified by avoidance and withdrawal from novel objects, people, and situations. The present study considered the relationship between behavioral inhibition and temperamental risk factors, such as trait anxiety and acquisition rate of a classically conditioned eyeblink response. 174 healthy undergraduate students (mean age 20.3 years, 71.8% female) were given the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and a battery of self-report measures of behavioral inhibition consisting of the Adult and Retrospective Measures of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Anthony R. McIntosh Andreea Oliviana Diaconescu, Jimmy Jensen, Hongye Wang, Matthäus Willeit, Mahesh Menon, Shitij Kapur (2010). Aberrant Effective Connectivity in Schizophrenia Patients During Appetitive Conditioning. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4.score: 24.0
    It has recently been suggested that schizophrenia involves dysfunction in brain connectivity at a neural level, and a dysfunction in reward processing at a behavioural level. The purpose of the present study was to link these two levels of analyses by examining effective connectivity patterns between brain regions mediating reward learning in patients with schizophrenia and healthy, age-matched controls. To this aim, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and galvanic skin recordings (GSR) while patients and controls performed an appetitive (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Peter F. Lovibond & David R. Shanks (2002). The Role of Awareness in Pavlovian Conditioning: Empirical Evidence and Theoretical Implications. Journal of Experimental Psychology 28 (1):3-26.score: 21.0
  15. Robert E. Clark, Joseph R. Manns & Larry R. Squire (2002). Classical Conditioning, Awareness, and Brain Systems. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (12):524-531.score: 21.0
  16. Marianne Hammerl (2000). I Like It, but Only When I'm Not Sure Why: Evaluative Conditioning and the Awareness Issue. Consciousness and Cognition 9 (1):37-40.score: 21.0
  17. Joseph R. Manns, Robert E. Clark & Larry R. Squire (2001). Single-Cue Delay Eyeblink Conditioning is Unrelated to Awareness. Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience 1 (2):192-198.score: 21.0
  18. Robert H. Kane (2000). Non-Constraining Control and the Threat of Social Conditioning. Journal of Ethics 4 (4):401-403.score: 21.0
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Harry W. Karn (1947). Sensory Pre-Conditioning and Incidental Learning in Human Subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology 37 (6):540.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. W. N. Kellogg & I. S. Wolf (1939). The Nature of the Response Retained After Several Varieties of Conditioning in the Same Subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology 24 (4):366.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. G. H. S. Razran (1939). Studies in Configural Conditioning. II. The Effect of Subjects' Attitudes and of Task-Sets Upon Configural Conditioning. [REVIEW] Journal of Experimental Psychology 24 (1):95.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. R. Albino & G. Burnand (1964). Conditioning of the Alpha Rhythm in Man. Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (6):539.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. W. K. Estes (1943). Discriminative Conditioning. I. A Discriminative Property of Conditioned Anticipation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 32 (2):150.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. James W. Manns, R. Clark & L. R. Squire (2000). Awareness Predicts the Magnitude of Single-Cue Trace Eyeblink Conditioning. Hippocampus 10 (2):181-186.score: 21.0
  25. David K. Spelt (1948). The Conditioning of the Human Fetus in Utero. Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (3):338.score: 21.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. W. J. Brogden (1942). Tests of Sensory Pre-Conditioning with Human Subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology 31 (6):505.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Rube Chernikoff & W. J. Brogden (1949). The Effect of Instructions Upon Sensory Pre-Conditioning of Human Subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology 39 (2):200.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. John J. Furedy & Karl Schiffman (1973). Concurrent Measurement of Autonomic and Cognitive Processes in a Test of the Traditional Discriminative Control Procedure for Pavlovian Electrodermal Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (1):210.score: 21.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. H. D. Kimmel & H. S. Sternthal (1967). Replication of Gsr Avoidance Conditioning with Concomitant Emg Measurement and Subjects Matched in Responsivity and Conditionability. Journal of Experimental Psychology 74 (1):144-146.score: 21.0
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Gregory Razran (1954). The Conditioned Evocation of Attitudes (Cognitive Conditioning?). Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (4):278.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Delos D. Wickens & Gordon B. Harding (1965). Effect of UCS Strength on GSR Conditioning: A Within-Subject Design. Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (2):151.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. G. K. Yacorzynski (1944). The Threshold of Flicker Fusion as a Function of Excitation and Inhibition Due to Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 34 (4):335.score: 21.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Robert C. Bobbitt & Robert C. Beck (1971). Semantic Differential Judgments of Single and Multiple Conditioned Stimuli with an Aversive Delay Conditioning Paradigm. Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (2):398.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. James H. Booth & L. J. Hammond (1971). Configural Conditioning: Greater Fear in Rats to Compound Than Component Through Overtraining of the Compound. Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (2):255.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. John W. Cotton & Allan Rechtschaffen (1958). Replication Report: Two- and Three-Choice Verbal-Conditioning Phenomena. Journal of Experimental Psychology 56 (1):96.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Ann K. Lodwig (1972). Experimental Manipulation of Orienting Reflex During Semantic Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (2):416.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Tiago V. Maia (2009). Fear Conditioning and Social Groups: Statistics, Not Genetics. Cognitive Science 33 (7):1232-1251.score: 21.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. William F. Prokasy & Martha A. Harsanyi (1968). Two-Phase Model for Human Classical Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (3p1):359.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Owen E. Rogers, Wilse B. Webb & Thomas J. Gallagher (1959). Effect on Extinction of Restricting Information in Verbal Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 57 (4):219.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Shepard Siegel, Eliot Hearst & Nancy George (1968). Generalization Gradients Obtained From Individual Subjects Following Classical Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (1):171.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Kurt J. Teller, Richard Dieter & Milton D. Suboski (1972). Time Estimation and the Interstimulus Interval Function in Classical Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 95 (2):445.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Milton A. Trapold, George W. Lawton & Robert A. Dick (1968). Transfer of Training From Differential Classical to Differential Instrumental Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (4p1):568.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Robert M. Young (1979). Compatibilism and Conditioning. Noûs 13 (September):361-378.score: 21.0
  44. Arthur Zeiner & William W. Grings (1968). Backward Conditioning: A Replication with Emphasis on Conceptualizations by the Subject. Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (2p1):232.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Joseph J. Antonitis (1951). Response Variability in the White Rat During Conditioning, Extinction, and Reconditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 42 (4):273.score: 21.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. P. D. Bishop & H. D. Kimmel (1969). Retention of Habituation and Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (2):317.score: 21.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. W. J. Brogden & Lee W. Gregg (1951). Studies of Sensory Conditioning Measured by the Facilitation of Auditory Acuity. Journal of Experimental Psychology 42 (6):384.score: 21.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Kenneth R. Burstein & Seymour Epstein (1968). Procedure for Reducing Orienting Reaction in GSR Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (3p1):369.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. C. J. Burke, W. K. Estes & S. Hellyer (1954). Rate of Verbal Conditioning in Relation to Stimulus Variability. Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (3):153.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Bishwa B. Chatterjee & Charles W. Eriksen (1962). Cognitive Factors in Heart Rate Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (3):272.score: 21.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1000