Search results for 'Conservation of natural resources Congresses' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Ben A. Minteer & Elizabeth A. Corley (2007). Conservation or Preservation? A Qualitative Study of the Conceptual Foundations of Natural Resource Management. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (4):307-333.score: 174.2
    Few disputes in the annals of US environmentalism enjoy the pedigree of the conservation-preservation debate. Yet, although many scholars have written extensively on the meaning and history of conservation and preservation in American environmental thought and practice, the resonance of these concepts outside the academic literature has not been sufficiently examined. Given the significance of the ideals of conservation and preservation in the justification of environmental policy and management, however, we believe that a more detailed analysis of (...)
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  2. A. Arunachalam & K. Arunachalam (eds.) (2010). Natural Resources Management in North-East India: Linking Ecology, Economics & Ethics. Dvs Publishers.score: 168.6
    section 1. Natural resources management -- section 2. Biodiversity and ecosystems -- section 3. Traditional farming and its management -- section 4. Conservation and sustainable development.
     
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  3. M. L. Dewan & B. D. Joshi (eds.) (1993). Vedic Philosophy for Himalayan Eco-System Development. Concept Pub. Co..score: 156.0
  4. E. C. Pasour Jr (1979). Conservation," X-Inefficiency" and Efficient Use of Natural Resources. Journal of Libertarian Studies 3 (4):371-390.score: 152.4
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  5. Keith O. Campbell (1981). The Role of Agricultural Economists in the Conservation of Natural Resources. Minerva 19 (4):632-639.score: 151.2
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  6. Richard Worrell & Michael C. Appleby (2000). Stewardship of Natural Resources: Definition, Ethical and Practical Aspects. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 12 (3):263-277.score: 144.0
    Stewardship is potentially a usefulconcept in modernizing management philosophies. Use ofthe term has increased markedly in recent years, yetthe term is used loosely and rarely defined in landmanagement literature. The connections between thispractical usage and the ethical basis of stewardshipare currently poorly developed. The followingdefinition is proposed: ``Stewardship is theresponsible use (including conservation) of naturalresources in a way that takes full and balancedaccount of the interests of society, futuregenerations, and other species, as well as of privateneeds, and accepts significant (...)
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  7. Aklilu Amsalu & Jan de Graaff (2006). Farmers' Views of Soil Erosion Problems and Their Conservation Knowledge at Beressa Watershed, Central Highlands of Ethiopia. Agriculture and Human Values 23 (1):99-108.score: 120.0
    Farmers’ decisions to conserve natural resources generally and soil and water particularly are largely determined by their knowledge of the problems and perceived benefits of conservation. In Ethiopia, however, farmer perceptions of erosion problems and farmer conservation practices have received little analysis or use in conservation planning. This research examines farmers’ views of erosion problems and their conservation knowledge and practices in the Beressa watershed in the central highlands of Ethiopia. Data were obtained from (...)
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  8. Simon P. James (2009). The Presence of Nature: A Study in Phenomenology and Environmental Philosophy. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 120.0
     
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  9. Murray Sheard (2008). Corporate Responsibilities and Property Rights in the Management of Natural Resources. Philosophy of Management 6 (2):99-106.score: 118.2
    Businesses interface with the natural world through rights to property. The shape of these rights and the responsibilities we assign to managers are important determinants of both patterns of resource use and pollutant levels. Consequently, conflicts have arisen between regulating bodies, indigenous groups, andcorporations over the entitlements of businesses in the use of their property when that property is ecologically sensitive or significant.In this paper I develop an account of the ethical responsibilities of managers regarding their treatment of the (...)
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  10. Humberto D. Rosa & Jorge Marques Da Silva (2005). From Environmental Ethics to Nature Conservation Policy: Natura 2000 and the Burden of Proof. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (2):107-130.score: 116.2
    Natura 2000 is a network of natural sites whose aim is to preserve species and habitats of relevance in the European Union. The policy underlying Natura 2000 has faced widespread opposition from land users and received extensive support from environmentalists. This paper addresses the ethical framework for Natura 2000 and the probable moral assumptions of its main stakeholders. Arguments for and against Natura 2000 were analyzed and classified according to “strong” or “weak” versions of the three main theories of (...)
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  11. Markus J. Peterson & Tarla Rai Peterson (1993). A Rhetorical Critique of 'Nonmarket' Economic Valuations for Natural Resources. Environmental Values 2 (1):47 - 65.score: 112.8
    Various 'nonmarket' economic valuation methods have been used to compute 'total' value of nonmarketed natural resources and related recreation. We first outline the history of these valuation techniques and use the Exxon Valdez disaster response and the valuation of whooping cranes, an endangered species, as examples of how these tools can constrain policy. We then explain how, by excluding non-economic social spheres, economic valuation techniques produce a terministic screen that deforms policy makers' vision of the ecological problems faced (...)
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  12. Bence Nanay (2010). Natural Selection and the Limited Nature of Environmental Resources. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 41 (4):418-419.score: 111.6
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  13. Les Brown (1987). Conservation and Practical Morality: Challenges to Education and Reform. St. Martins [Sic] Press.score: 109.8
     
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  14. P. Matagne (2000). [Natural limits versus administrative limits: when botanical geography meets politics]. Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 54 (4):523-541.score: 109.8
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  15. Robin Cooper & Aarne Ranta, Natural Languages as Collections of Resources.score: 109.2
    We propose a shift in perspective from the view of natural languages as formal languages to natural languages as a collection of resources for constructing local languages for use in particular situations. This is suggested by our experience constructing natural language grammars for particular applications using the Grammatical Framework. It points to a research programme investigating how such resources play a role in linguistic innovation by agents constructing situation-specific local languages and how they can be (...)
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  16. Nicole C. Karafyllis (2003). Renewable Resources and the Idea of Nature – What has Biotechnology Got to Do with It? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 16 (1):3-28.score: 106.6
    The notion that the idea of nature isnot quite the unbiased rule to designsustainable futures is obvious. But,nevertheless, questions about nature, how itfunctions and what it might aim at, is leadingthe controversial debates about bothsustainability and biotechnology. These tworesearch areas hardly have the same theorybackground. Whereas in the first concept, theidea of eternal cyclical processes is basic,the latter focuses on optimization. However,both concepts can work together, but only undera narrow range of public acceptance in Europe.The plausibility of arguments for usingbiotechnology (...)
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  17. Ken Smith (2005). Redefining the Role of Natural Resource Extraction in Forest Conservation. Bioscience 55 (7):625.score: 106.2
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  18. Mary E. Sunderland (2013). Modernizing Natural History: Berkeley's Museum of Vertebrate Zoology in Transition. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 46 (3):369-400.score: 106.2
    Throughout the twentieth century calls to modernize natural history motivated a range of responses. It was unclear how research in natural history museums would participate in the significant technological and conceptual changes that were occurring in the life sciences. By the 1960s, the Museum of Vertebrate Zoology at the University of California, Berkeley, was among the few university-based natural history museums that were able to maintain their specimen collections and support active research. The MVZ therefore provides a (...)
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  19. Gary S. Hartshorn (1992). A Russian "Silent Spring" Conservation of Living Nature and Resources: Problems, Trends, and Prospects Alexey V. Yablokov Sergey A. Ostroumov. Bioscience 42 (7):559-560.score: 105.6
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  20. Edward Goldsmith (1992/1993). The Way: An Ecological World-View. Distributed in the U.S. By Random House.score: 103.8
    Revised to include a glossary, index, bibliographic notes, and several updated chapters, this is a major work by one of our boldest and most promising thinkers.
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  21. Ana Lid Del Angel-pérez & Mendoza B. Martín Alfonso (2004). Totonac Homegardens and Natural Resources in Veracruz, Mexico. Agriculture and Human Values 21 (4):329-346.score: 102.6
    The Totonac homegarden is a traditionally designed agroecosystem mixing different elements, such as cultivated and wild plants, and livestock. Our objective was to understand the role and importance of homegardens as a strategy for subsistence and natural resources management. Anthropological fieldwork was carried out in Coxquihui, Veracruz, Mexico, a Totonac community. Conventional sampling using a questionnaire yielded a sample of 40 individuals, each representing a family group. Personal interviews, life stories, observations, and field transects enriched survey information. Fieldwork (...)
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  22. Pablo Dominguez, Alain Bourbouze, Sébastien Demay, Didier Genin & Nicolas Kosoy (2012). Diverse Ecological, Economic and Socio-Cultural Values of a Traditional Common Natural Resource Management System in the Moroccan High Atlas: The Aït Ikiss "Tagdalts". Environmental Values 21 (3):277 - 296.score: 102.0
    This study examines the multiple dimensions of the agdal system, a traditional Berber form of environmental management that regulates access to communal natural resources so as to allow the regeneration of natural resources. In fact, this ingenious system of agro-pastoral land rotation is ultimately beneficial for the conservation of the bio-physical environment, the performance of the present-day local economy and the maintenance of prevailing social cohesion and cultural coherence. Hence, agdals constitute a key element for (...)
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  23. Erika Hanekamp & Javier Ponce (eds.) (2005). Quién Conspira Contra El Ambiente. Cep.score: 100.8
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  24. Joseph M. Petulla (1980). American Environmentalism: Values, Tactics, Priorities. Texas A&m University Press.score: 100.8
  25. Roger Scruton (2012). Green Philosophy: How to Think Seriously About the Planet. Atlantic.score: 100.8
    Local warming -- Global alarming -- The search for salvation -- Radical precaution -- Market solutions and homeostasis -- The moral economy -- Heimat and habitat -- Beauty, piety, and desecration -- Getting nowhere -- Begetting somewhere -- Modest proposals.
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  26. Alan R. Rogers (1991). Conserving Resources for Children. Human Nature 2 (1):73-82.score: 100.0
    Parents can benefit their offspring by conserving resources that the offspring stand to inherit. Thus, inheritance of resources should promote the evolution of propensities to conserve. But inheritance also has another, less obvious effect: it can reduce the fertility of the conserver’s grandchildren, thus reducing the expected number of great-grandchildren. Consequently, inheritance of resources promotes the evolution of conservation less than might be supposed.
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  27. Quentin Farmar-Bowers (forthcoming). Food Security: One of a Number of 'Securities' We Need for a Full Life: An Australian Perspective. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-19.score: 96.6
    Although agriculture in Australia is very productive, the current food supply systems in Australia fail to deliver healthy diets to all Australians and fail to protect the natural resources on which they depend. The operation of the food systems creates ‘collateral damage’ to the natural environment including biodiversity loss. In coming decades, Australia’s food supply systems will be increasingly challenged by resource price inflation and climate change. Australia exports more than half of its current agricultural production. Government (...)
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  28. Amanda B. King & Pablo B. Eyzaguirre (1999). Intellectual Property Rights and Agricultural Biodiversity: Literature Addressing the Suitability of IPR for the Protection of Indigenous Resources. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 16 (1):41-49.score: 91.8
    Recent debate has focused on the use of intellectual property regimes for the protection of indigenous resources. Both domesticated crops and useful wild plants are shaped by indigenous knowledge and by their uses within indigenous cultures. This implies that the preservation of cultural systems is as important as the conservation of the associated biological resources. Intellectual property has been suggested as a means to protect indigenous resources from misappropriation, and to create increased investment in their (...). Four recent books that discuss the problems that arise from the application of IPR for the protection of indigenous resources highlight a salient issue: that current IPR systems may conflict and undermine the culture, social structure, and knowledge systems of indigenous societies. In order to support conservation through indigenous management of biodiversity, a number of steps are required for the negotiation of intellectual property systems that are more compatible with indigenous people's value systems and concepts of ownership. (shrink)
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  29. Arthur F. McEvoy (1992). Science, Culture, and Politics in U.S. Natural Resources Management. Journal of the History of Biology 25 (3):469 - 486.score: 91.8
    What I have tried to do here is to provide a historical example of the interdependence between nature and culture that is one of the themes of this conference. To sum up: Scientific descriptions of the world emerge out of a complex interaction between nature, economic production, and the legal system. “Science” consists of a struggle among scientists, and between scientists and citizens, over what counts as “reality.” Lawmaking, in turn, consists of a struggle between people who want to allocate (...)
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  30. Reef Area of Western Lake Erie (1968). Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Division of Geological Survey, Sandusky, Ohio. In Peter Koestenbaum (ed.), Proceedings. [San Jose? Calif.. 188.score: 89.4
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  31. Will R. Turner, Katrina Brandon, Thomas M. Brooks, Claude Gascon, Holly K. Gibbs, Keith S. Lawrence, Russell A. Mittermeier & Elizabeth R. Selig (2012). Global Biodiversity Conservation and the Alleviation of Poverty. Bioscience 62 (1):85-92.score: 89.4
    Poverty and biodiversity loss are two of the world’s dire challenges. Claims of conservation’s contribution to poverty alleviation, however, remain controversial. Here, we assess the flows of ecosystem services provided to people by priority habitats for terrestrial conservation, considering the global distributions of biodiversity, physical factors, and socioeconomic context. We estimate the value of these habitats to the poor, both through direct benefits and through payments for ecosystem services to those stewarding natural habitats. The global potential for (...)
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  32. Vikram S. Negi & R. K. Maikhuri (2013). Socio-Ecological and Religious Perspective of Agrobiodiversity Conservation: Issues, Concern and Priority for Sustainable Agriculture, Central Himalaya. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (2):491-512.score: 88.8
    A large section of the population (70%) of Uttarakhand largely depends upon agricultural based activities for their livelihood. Rural community of the mountains has developed several indigenous and traditional methods of farming to conserve the crop diversity and rejoice agrodiversity with religious and cultural vehemence. Traditional food items are prepared during occasion, festivals, weddings, and other religious rituals from diversified agrodiversity are a mean to maintain agrodiversity in the agriculture system. Agrodiversity is an insurance against disease and extreme climatic fluctuations, (...)
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  33. Almo Farina (2012). A Biosemiotic Perspective of the Resource Criterion: Toward a General Theory of Resources. Biosemiotics 5 (1):17-32.score: 88.2
    Describing resources and their relationships with organisms seems to be a useful approach to a ‘unified ecology’, contributing to fill the gap between natural and human oriented processes, and opening new perspectives in dealing with biological complexity. This Resource Criterion defines the main properties of resources, describes the mechanisms that link them to individual species, and gives a particular emphasis to the biosemiotic approach that allows resources to be identified inside a heterogeneous ecological medium adopting the (...)
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  34. Thomas Pogge (2011). Allowing the Poor to Share the Earth. Journal of Moral Philosophy 8 (3):335-352.score: 87.6
    Two of the greatest challenges facing humanity are environmental degradation and the persistence of poverty. Both can be met by instituting a Global Resources Dividend (GRD) that would slow pollution and natural-resource depletion while collecting funds to avert poverty worldwide. Unlike Hillel Steiner's Global Fund, which is presented as a fully just regime governing the use of planetary resources, the GRD is meant as merely a modest but widely acceptable and therefore realistic step toward justice. Paula Casal (...)
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  35. Brian Barry (1989). The Ownership and Distribution of the World's Natural Resources: A Symposium. [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 23 (3):169-170.score: 87.6
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  36. Chris Armstrong (2013). Natural Resources: The Demands of Equality. Journal of Social Philosophy 44 (4):331-347.score: 87.6
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  37. Susan Carey (2001). The Representation of Number in Natural Language Syntax and in Language of Thought: A Case Study of the Evolution and Development of Representational Resources. In João Branquinho (ed.), The Foundations of Cognitive Science. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 23--53.score: 87.6
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  38. Ulrich Stegmann (2010). Reply to Bence Nanay's 'Natural Selection and the Limited Nature of Environmental Resources'. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 41 (4):420-421.score: 87.6
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  39. Carsten Nico Hjortsø, Stig Møller Christensen & Peter Tarp (2005). Rapid Stakeholder and Conflict Assessment for Natural Resource Management Using Cognitive Mapping: The Case of Damdoi Forest Enterprise, Vietnam. Agriculture and Human Values 22 (2):149-167.score: 87.0
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  40. Aldo Leopold (1979). Some Fundamentals of Conservation in the Southwest. Environmental Ethics 1 (2):131-141.score: 86.4
    Leopold first discusses the conservation of natural resources in the southwestern United States in economic tenns, stressing, in particular, erosion and aridity. He then concludes his analysis with a discussion of the moral issues involved, developing his general position within the context of P. D. Ouspenky’s early philosophy of organism.
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  41. Ronald Bjorkland & Catherine M. Pringle (2001). Educating Our Communities and Ourselves About Conservation of Aquatic Resources Through Environmental Outreach. Bioscience 51 (4):279.score: 86.4
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  42. Paul Collier (2010). The Political Economy of Natural Resources. Social Research: An International Quarterly 77 (4):1105-1132.score: 86.4
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  43. Richard Donovick (1979). Conserving Germplasm Resources Conservation of Germplasm Resources: An Imperative The Committee on Germplasm Resources. Bioscience 29 (8):485-485.score: 86.4
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  44. Dirk Haubrich (2004). Global Distributive Justice and the Taxation of Natural Resources |[Mdash]| Who Should Pick Up the Tab? Contemporary Political Theory 3 (1):48.score: 86.4
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  45. N. W. Pirie (1966). Conservation and Natural Resources. The Eugenics Review 58 (3):163.score: 86.4
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  46. Eric Roark (2013). Removing the Commons: A Lockean Left-Libertarian Approach to the Just Use and Appropriation of Natural Resources. Lexington Books.score: 86.4
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  47. Hillel Steiner (2009). Left Libertarianism and the Ownership of Natural Resources. Public Reason 1 (1):1-8.score: 86.4
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  48. Frederic H. Wagner (2001). Freeing Agency Research From Policy Pressures: A Need and an Approach Research Objectivity in Public Agencies, Essential to Effective Management of Natural Resources, Can Be Enhanced by Administrative Distancing of Policy Setting and Research, and Changing From Internal to Collaborative Procedures Involving Concerned Interests. Bioscience 51 (6):445-450.score: 86.4
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  49. Elisa Aaltola & Markku Oksanen (2002). Species Conservation and Minority Rights: The Case of Spring Time Bird Hunting. Environmental Values 11 (4):443-460.score: 85.8
    The article examines the case of springtime bird hunting in Åland from a moral point of view. In Åland springtime hunting has been a cultural practice for centuries but is now under investigation due to the EU Directive on the protection of birds. The main question of the article is whether restrictions on bird hunting have a sound basis. We approach this question by analysing three principles: The animal rights principle states that if hunting is not necessary for survival, it (...)
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  50. Ronald S. Burton (2009). Molecular Markers, Natural History, and Conservation of Marine Animals. Bioscience 59 (10):831-840.score: 84.6
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