Search results for 'Controls' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  1
    Samuel A. W. Evans & Walter D. Valdivia (2012). Export Controls and the Tensions Between Academic Freedom and National Security. Minerva 50 (2):169-190.
    In the U.S.A., advocates of academic freedom—the ability to pursue research unencumbered by government controls—have long found sparring partners in government officials who regulate technology trade. From concern over classified research in the 1950s, to the expansion of export controls to cover trade in information in the 1970s, to current debates over emerging technologies and global innovation, the academic community and the government have each sought opportunities to demarcate the sphere of their respective authority and autonomy and assert (...)
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  2.  1
    J. Peterson & L. W. Allison (1931). Controls of the Eye-Wink Mechanism. Journal of Experimental Psychology 14 (2):144.
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  3.  20
    Iseult Honohan (2014). Domination and Migration: An Alternative Approach to the Legitimacy of Migration Controls. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 17 (1):31-48.
    Freedom as non-domination provides a distinctive criterion for assessing the justifiability of migration controls, different from both freedom of movement and autonomy. Migration controls are dominating insofar as they threaten to coerce potential migrants. Both the general right of states to control migration, and the wide range of discretionary procedures prevalent in migration controls, render outsiders vulnerable to arbitrary power. While the extent and intensity of domination varies, it is sufficient under contemporary conditions of globalization to warrant (...)
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  4.  50
    David Miller (2010). Why Immigration Controls Are Not Coercive: A Reply to Arash Abizadeh. Political Theory 38 (1):111 - 120.
    Abizadeh has argued that because border controls coerce would-be immigrants and invade their autonomy, they are entitled to participate in the democratic institutions that impose those controls. In reply, the author distinguishes between coercion and prevention, shows that prevention need not undermine autonomy, and concludes that although border controls may restrict freedom, they do not give rise to democratic entitlements.
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  5.  15
    Alex London, Placebos That Harm: Sham Surgery Controls in Clinical Trials.
    Recent debates over the use of sham surgery as a control for studies of fetal tissue transplantation for Parkinson’s disease have focused primarily on rival interpretations of the US federal regulations governing human-subjects research. Using the core ethical and methodological considerations that underwrite the equipoise requirement, we nd strong prima facie reasons against using sham surgery as a control in studies of cellular-based therapies for Parkinson’s disease and more broadly in clinical research. Additionally, we believe that these reasons can be (...)
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  6.  8
    Phillip Cole (2012). Taking Moral Equality Seriously: Egalitarianism and Immigration Controls. Journal of International Political Theory 8 (1-2):121-134.
    In this paper I re-state the egalitarian argument against the morality of immigration controls: such limits violate the central ethical commitment to moral equality. This means that immigration controls fail a fundamental moral test and represent the ethical failure of the liberal project of moral equality. I set this re-statement against recent arguments about what moral equality means, specifically Christopher Heath Wellman's use of Elizabeth Anderson's notion of relational equality. Wellman believes that Anderson's ideas seriously damage the egalitarian (...)
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  7.  2
    S. Sahm (2005). Attitudes Towards and Barriers to Writing Advance Directives Amongst Cancer Patients, Healthy Controls, and Medical Staff. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (8):437-440.
    Objectives: After years of public discussion too little is still known about willingness to accept the idea of writing an advance directive among various groups of people in EU countries. We investigated knowledge about and willingness to accept such a directive in cancer patients, healthy controls, physicians, and nursing staff in Germany.Methods: Cancer patients, healthy controls, nursing staff, and physicians were surveyed by means of a structured questionnaire.Results: Only 18% and 19% of the patients and healthy controls (...)
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  8.  7
    R. L. Albin (2002). Sham Surgery Controls: Intracerebral Grafting of Fetal Tissue for Parkinson's Disease and Proposed Criteria for Use of Sham Surgery Controls. Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (5):322-325.
    Sham surgery is a controversial and rarely used component of randomised clinical trials evaluating surgical interventions. The recent use of sham surgery in trials evaluating efficacy of intracerebral fetal tissue grafts in Parkinson’s disease has highlighted the ethical concerns associated with sham surgery controls. Macklin, and Dekkers and Boer argue vigorously against use of sham surgery controls. Macklin presents a broad argument against sham surgery controls while Dekkers and Boer present a narrower argument that sham surgery is (...)
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  9.  4
    P. J. Surkan, G. Steineck & U. Kreicbergs (2008). Perceptions of a Mental Health Questionnaire: The Ethics of Using Population-Based Controls. Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (7):545-547.
    Mental health surveys are used extensively in epidemiological research worldwide. The ethical questions that arise regarding their risk of causing psychological distress or other potential harm have not been studied in the general population. We have investigated how study participants serving as controls in a population-based study perceived an anonymous postal questionnaire focusing on mental health and wellbeing. Parents were contacted from the Swedish Census Bureau as part of a larger follow-up study on palliative care conducted in (...)
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  10.  5
    Jessica de Villiers, Brooke Myers & Robert J. Stainton (2013). Revisiting Pragmatic Abilities in Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Follow-Up Study with Controls. Pragmatics and Cognition 21 (2):253-269.
    In a 2007 paper, we argued that speakers with Autism Spectrum Disorders exhibit pragmatic abilities which are surprising given the usual understanding of communication in that group. That is, it is commonly reported that people diagnosed with an ASD have trouble with metaphor, irony, conversational implicature and other non-literal language. This is not a matter of trouble with knowledge and application of rules of grammar. The difficulties lie, rather, in successful communicative interaction. Though we did find pragmatic errors within literal (...)
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  11.  13
    R. L. Albin (2005). Sham Surgery Controls Are Mitigated Trolleys. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (3):149-152.
    Debate continues about the ethics of sham surgery controls. The most powerful argument for sham surgery controls is that rigorous experiments are needed to demonstrate safety and efficacy of surgical procedures. Without such experiments, there is danger of adopting worthless procedures in clinical practice. Opponents of sham surgery controls argue that sham surgery constitutes unacceptable violation of the rights of research subjects. Recent philosophical discussion has used two thought experiments—the transplant case and the trolley problem—to explore the (...)
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  12. P. J. Surkan, Gunnar Steineck & Ulrika Kreicbergs (2008). Perceptions of a Mental Health Questionnaire: The Ethics of Using Population-Based Controls. Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (7):545-547.
    Mental health surveys are used extensively in epidemiological research worldwide. The ethical questions that arise regarding their risk of causing psychological distress or other potential harm have not been studied in the general population. We have investigated how study participants serving as controls in a population-based study perceived an anonymous postal questionnaire focusing on mental health and wellbeing. Parents were contacted from the Swedish Census Bureau as part of a larger follow-up study on palliative care conducted in (...)
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  13. Ernest R. Hilgard (1977). Divided Consciousness: Multiple Controls in Human Thought and Action. Wiley.
  14. Ernest R. Hilgard (1974). Toward a Neo-Dissociation Theory: Multiple Cognitive Controls in Human Functioning. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 17 (3):301-316.
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  15. Jean-Pierre Changeux & Stanislas Dehaene (2005). Ongoing Spontaneous Activity Controls Access to Consciousness: A Neuronal Model for Inattentional Blindness. PLoS Biology 3 (5):e141.
    1 INSERM-CEA Unit 562, Cognitive Neuroimaging, Service Hospitalier Fre´de´ric Joliot, Orsay, France, 2 CNRS URA2182 Re´cepteurs and Cognition, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.
     
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  16. Ariel Linden & Steven J. Samuels (2013). Using Balance Statistics to Determine the Optimal Number of Controls in Matching Studies. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (5):968-975.
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  17.  2
    John C. Eccles (1994). How the Self Controls its Brain. Springer.
  18.  64
    Tessa Morris-Suzuki (2006). The Wilder Shores of Power: Migration, Border Controls and Democracy in Postwar Japan. Thesis Eleven 86 (1):6-22.
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  19.  3
    David A. Katerndahl (2009). Power Laws in Covariability of Anxiety and Depression Among Newly Diagnosed Patients with Major Depressive Episode, Panic Disorder and Controls. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (3):565-570.
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  20. Willem Kuyken & Rachael Howell (2006). Facets of Autobiographical Memory in Adolescents with Major Depressive Disorder and Never‐Depressed Controls. Cognition and Emotion 20 (3-4):466-487.
  21.  4
    Kris N. Kirby, Nancy M. Petry & Warren K. Bickel (1999). Heroin Addicts Have Higher Discount Rates for Delayed Rewards Than Non-Drug-Using Controls. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 128 (1):78.
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  22.  8
    M. Victoria Costa (forthcoming). Republican Liberty and Border Controls. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-16.
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  23.  2
    Richard W. Miller (2015). Michael Blake's Border Controls. Ethics and International Affairs 29 (3):289-299.
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  24.  5
    Stefan Sahm, R. Will & G. Hommel (2005). Would They Follow What has Been Laid Down? Cancer Patients' and Healthy Controls' Views on Adherence to Advance Directives Compared to Medical Staff. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 8 (3):297-305.
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  25.  7
    Robert Burt & Dax Cowart (1998). Confronting Death Who Chooses, Who Controls? Hastings Center Report 28 (1):14-24.
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  26.  7
    Yuval Ramot, Ralf Paus, Stephan Tiede & Abraham Zlotogorski (2009). Endocrine Controls of Keratin Expression. Bioessays 31 (4):389-399.
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  27.  24
    A. C. L. Davies (1997). Regulating Medical Work: Formal and Informal Controls. Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (6):389-389.
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  28.  27
    Jennifer S. Hawkins (2006). Justice and Placebo Controls. Social Theory and Practice 32 (3):467-496.
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  29.  19
    Terrence F. Ackerman (2002). Therapeutic Beneficence and Placebo Controls. American Journal of Bioethics 2 (2):21 – 22.
  30.  1
    Laurie Compère, Célia Mam-Lam-Fook, Isabelle Amado, Marion Nys, Jennifer Lalanne, Marie-Laure Grillon, Narjes Bendjemaa, Marie-Odile Krebs & Pascale Piolino (2016). Self-Reference Recollection Effect and its Relation to Theory of Mind: An Investigation in Healthy Controls and Schizophrenia. Consciousness and Cognition 42:51-64.
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  31.  2
    William A. MacKay (1982). The Motor System Controls What It Senses. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (4):557.
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  32.  7
    Stephen Cooper & Peter Fantes (1987). On G0 and Cell Cycle Controls. Bioessays 7 (5):220-223.
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  33.  4
    Edward Erwin (1983). Psychotherapy, Placebos, and Wait-List Controls. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (2):289.
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  34.  5
    Charles J. Kowalski (2002). Placebo Controls: Scientific and Ethical Issues. American Journal of Bioethics 2 (2):33 – 34.
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  35.  26
    James R. Anderson (1995). Self-Recognition in Dolphins: Credible Cetaceans; Compromised Criteria, Controls, and Conclusions. Consciousness and Cognition 4 (2):239-243.
  36.  19
    Jacques G. Richardson (2004). The Bane of “Inhumane” Weapons and Overkill: An Overview of Increasingly Lethal Arms and the Inadequacy of Regulatory Controls. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (4):667-692.
    Weapons of both defense and offense have grown steadily in their effectiveness—especially since the industrial revolution. The mass destruction of humanity, by parts or in whole, became reality with the advent of toxic agents founded on chemistry and biology or nuclear weapons derived from physics. The military’s new non-combat roles, combined with a quest for non-lethal weapons, may change the picture in regard to conventional defense establishments but are unlikely to deter bellicose tyrants or the new terrorists from using the (...)
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  37.  11
    John Torpey (1997). Revolutions and Freedom of Movement: An Analysis of Passport Controls in the French, Russian, and Chinese Revolutions. [REVIEW] Theory and Society 26 (6):837-868.
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  38.  3
    Jaime R. Villablanca (1981). Independent Forebrain and Brainstem Controls for Arousal and Sleep. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):494.
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  39.  2
    Jeanne Guillemin (1981). Babies by Cesarean: Who Chooses, Who Controls? Hastings Center Report 11 (3):15-18.
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  40.  4
    Mark D. Sullivan (1993). Placebo Controls and Epistemic Control in Orthodox Medicine. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (2):213-231.
    American orthodox medicine consolidated its professional authority in the early 20th Century on the basis of its unbiased scientific method. The centerpiece of such a method is a strategy for identifying truly effective new therapies, i.e., the randomized clinical trial (RCT). A crucial component of the RCT in illnesses without established treatment is the placebo control. Placebo effects must be identified and distinguished from pharmacological effects because placebos produce actual but unexplained therapeutic successes. The blinding necessary for a proper placebo-controlled (...)
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  41.  11
    Elyn R. Saks, Dilip V. Jeste, Eric Granholm, Barton W. Palmer & Lawrence Schneiderman (2002). Ethical Issues in Psychosocial Interventions Research Involving Controls. Ethics and Behavior 12 (1):87 – 101.
    Psychiatric research is of critical importance in improving the care of persons with mental illness. Yet it may also raise difficult ethical issues. This article explores those issues in the context of a particular kind of research: psychosocial intervention research with control groups. We discuss 4 broad categories of ethical issues: consent, confidentiality, boundary violations, and risk-benefit issues. We believe that, despite the potential difficulties, psychosocial intervention research is vital and can be accomplished in an ethical manner. Further discussion and (...)
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  42. Katherine S. Sheldrick & Antony M. Carr (1993). Feedback Controls and G2 Checkpoints: Fission Yeast as a Model System. Bioessays 15 (12):775-782.
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  43.  9
    Johan Kriel, Steven Haesendonckx, Marta Rubio‐Texeira, Griet Van Zeebroeck & Johan M. Thevelein (2011). From Transporter to Transceptor: Signaling From Transporters Provokes Re‐Evaluation of Complex Trafficking and Regulatory Controls. Bioessays 33 (11):870-879.
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  44.  8
    Samuel Mitchell (2005). Review of Richard Ingersoll, 2003, Who Controls Teachers’ Work?, Learning More and More About Less and Less. [REVIEW] Studies in Philosophy and Education 24 (2):161-166.
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  45.  3
    Timothy F. Murphy (1990). Reproductive Controls and Sexual Destiny. Bioethics 4 (2):121–142.
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  46.  23
    George Ainslie (1997). If Belief is a Behavior, What Controls It? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):103-104.
    “Self-deception” usually occurs when a false belief would be more rewarding than an objective belief in the short run, but less rewarding in the long run. Given hyperbolic discounting of delayed events, people will be motivated in their long-range interest to create self-enforcing rules for testing reality, and in their long-range interest to evade these rules. Self-deception, then, resembles interpersonal deception in being an evasion of rules, but differs in being a product of intertemporal conflict.
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  47.  15
    Michael Lockwood & G. E. M. Anscombe (1983). Sins of Omission? The Non-Treatment of Controls in Clinical Trials. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 57:207 - 227.
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  48.  16
    Robert G. Wyckham, Peter M. Banting & Anthony K. P. Wensley (1984). The Language of Advertising: Who Controls Quality? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 3 (1):47 - 53.
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  49.  2
    John T. Braggio & Vladimir Pishkin (1991). Psychophysiological Activity and Reactivity and Concept Identification Performance in Alcoholics and Controls. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (4):355-357.
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  50.  17
    Hans Christoph Micko (2004). On the Impossibility of Empirical Controls of Scientific Theories – From the Point of View of a Psychologist. Foundations of Science 9 (4):405-413.
    . Standard considerations of philosophy of science are reformulated in psychological terms and arguments, suggesting a fundamental change in life perspective: subjective experiences or introspective data are subject to motivational biases and therefore not admitted as objective empirical facts in science, However, we never experience objects or events of the external world, i.e., so called objective facts, but exclusively subjective percepts or mental events. They are merely assumed to, but may or may not be accurate or distorted mental representations of (...)
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