Search results for 'Copying' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  1
    Antanas Rudzinskas & Ąžuolas Čekanavičius (2011). Private Copying Exception in Lithuanian Copyright Law: Compatibility with the European Union Law After Preliminary Ruling in Padawan Case. Jurisprudence 18 (1):125-141.
    Private copying exception is an exception to copyright which is present both in Lithuanian national law and law of the European Union. Recent jurisprudence of Court of Justice of the European Union interpreted legal regulation of private copying exception in the laws of the European Union. The mentioned jurisprudence raised concern whether Lithuanian copyright laws on private copying exception and their interpretation in case law of Supreme Court of Lithuania are compatible with the European Union law. This (...)
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  2.  4
    Marcus Boon (2010). In Praise of Copying. Harvard University Press.
    What is a copy? -- Copia, or, The abundant style -- Copying as transformation -- Copying and deception -- Montage -- The mass production of copies -- Copying as appropriation.
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  3. Jerry A. Hogan (1961). Copying Redundant Messages. Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (2):153.
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  4.  10
    Yongyan Li (2013). Text-Based Plagiarism in Scientific Writing: What Chinese Supervisors Think About Copying and How to Reduce It in Students' Writing. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (2):569-583.
    Text-based plagiarism, or textual copying, typically in the form of replicating or patchwriting sentences in a row from sources, seems to be an issue of growing concern among scientific journal editors. Editors have emphasized that senior authors (typically supervisors of science students) should take the responsibility for educating novices against text-based plagiarism. To address a research gap in the literature as to how scientist supervisors perceive the issue of textual copying and what they do in educating their students, (...)
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  5.  9
    D. Waynforth (2007). Mate Choice Copying in Humans. Human Nature 18 (3):264-271.
    There is substantial evidence that in human mate choice, females directly select males based on male display of both physical and behavioral traits. In non-humans, there is additionally a growing literature on indirect mate choice, such as choice through observing and subsequently copying the mating preferences of conspecifics (mate choice copying). Given that humans are a social species with a high degree of sharing information, long-term pair bonds, and high parental care, it is likely that human females could (...)
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  6.  5
    Tracy A. Suter, Steven W. Kopp & David M. Hardesty (2004). The Relationship Between General Ethical Judgments and Copying Behavior at Work. Journal of Business Ethics 55 (1):61 - 70.
    Electronic technologies, in general, and computer-oriented technologies specifically have had a tremendous impact on all aspects of business. One area of increased concern is the protection of intellectual properties -- notably copyrights -- within the boundaries of the broadly defined technology industry. While the ability to share copyrighted information has always existed at the most basic levels, the advent of the information age has allowed the sharing of this information to take place in potentially greater quantities and without a loss (...)
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  7.  6
    Catherine Eagleton & Matthew Spencer (2006). Copying and Conflation in Geoffrey Chaucer's Treatise on the Astrolabe: A Stemmatic Analysis Using Phylogenetic Software. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 37 (2):237-268.
    Chaucer’s Treatise on the astrolabe is one of the earliest English-language works on an astronomical instrument. It draws on earlier sources, including a work on the astrolabe attributed in the Middle Ages to Messahalla, but reorders and reworks these sources to produce a description of the parts of, and the use of, the planispheric astrolabe. In their turn, fifteenth-century scribes sometimes drew on more than one source when producing a new copy of Chaucer’s text. Conflation of this kind means that (...)
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  8.  1
    Lei Chang, Hui Jing Lu & Bao Pei Wu (2012). Pathogens Promote Matrilocal Family Ties and the Copying of Foreign Religions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (2):82-83.
    Within the same pathogen-stress framework as proposed by Fincher & Thornhill (F&T), we argue further that pathogen stress promotes matrilocal rather than patrilocal family ties which, in turn, slow down the process of modernity; and that pathogen stress promotes social learning or copying, including the adoption of foreign religions.
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  9.  4
    Mónica Tamariz & Simon Kirby (2015). Culture: Copying, Compression, and Conventionality. Cognitive Science 39 (1):171-183.
    Through cultural transmission, repeated learning by new individuals transforms cultural information, which tends to become increasingly compressible . Existing diffusion chain studies include in their design two processes that could be responsible for this tendency: learning and reproducing . This paper manipulates the presence of learning in a simple iterated drawing design experiment. We find that learning seems to be the causal factor behind the increase in compressibility observed in the transmitted information, while reproducing is a source of random heritable (...)
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  10. F. H. Bradley (1907). On Truth and Copying. Mind 16 (62):165-180.
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  11.  60
    D. Elisseeff & J. Fletcher (1998). Copying in Imperial China. Diogenes 46 (183):7-23.
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  12.  22
    Mikko T. Siponen & Tero Vartiainen (2007). Unauthorized Copying of Software: An Empirical Study of Reasons for and Against. Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 37 (1):30-43.
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  13.  3
    Daniel Radzinski (1990). Unbounded Syntactic Copying in Mandarin Chinese. Linguistics and Philosophy 13 (1):113 - 127.
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  14.  5
    Selmer Bringsjord (1989). In Defense of Copying. Public Affairs Quarterly 3 (1):1-9.
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  15.  2
    Ludwig Huber (1998). Movement Imitation as Faithful Copying in the Absence of Insight. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):694-694.
    Byrne & Russon use novelty as the primary requirement for providing evidence of true imitation in animals. There are three reasons to object to this. First, experiential learning cannot always be completely excluded as an alternative explanation of the observed behavior. Second, the imitator's manipulations performed during ontogeny cannot be known in full detail. Finally, there is at present only a weak understanding of how novel forms emerge. Data from our own recent experiments will be used to emphasize the need (...)
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  16.  6
    Myles Mcdonnell (1996). Writing, Copying, and Autograph Manuscripts in Ancient Rome. Classical Quarterly 46 (02):469-.
    A familiar image from the Roman world is a Pompeian portrait of a man and woman sometimes identified as Terentius Neo and his wife. He has a papyrus roll under his chin, while she looks out with a writing tablet in one hand, a stylus held to her lips in the other. The message of the attributes presented would seem to be: ‘ We can and do read and write’. But how should the message be interpreted? To judge from the (...)
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  17. C. J. Ash, P. Cholak & J. F. Knight (1997). Permitting, Forcing, and Copying of a Given Recursive Relation. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 86 (3):219-236.
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  18.  2
    Bill Wagner (1993). A Recycling Approach Worth Copying. Business Ethics 7 (3):17-17.
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  19.  4
    Michael Geist (2005). E-Commerce Law at the University of Ottawa, Faculty of Law. He Can Reached at< Mgeist@ Uottawa. Ca>. This Appeared in the Toronto Star on 8 August 2005 as" Copying Levy Hasn't Worked Well For Anyone". [REVIEW] Knowledge, Technology & Policy 18 (3):6-19.
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  20. Alexander Pruss, Identity and the Copying of Minds.
    I argue against psychological theories of identity that claim that in cases where one’s personality and memories are moved into the brain of another, we move with them. I am not entirely convinced by my arguments here, I must confess, but I think they deserve some thought.
     
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  21.  3
    Misato Hayashi, Sumirena Sekine, Masayuki Tanaka & Hideko Takeshita (2009). Copying a Model Stack of Colored Blocks by Chimpanzees and Humans. Interaction Studies 10 (2):130-149.
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  22.  2
    Vincent W. J. Van Gerven Oei (2011). Anders Breivik: On Copying the Obscure. Continent 1 (3):213-223.
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  23.  6
    Henry Sturt (1907). Mr. Bradley on Truth and Copying. Mind 16 (63):416-417.
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  24. Maureen Cavan (2005). Digital Copying: A Voice From Canada. Logos 16 (1):35-37.
  25. A. Davis & B. De Bruyn (2004). The Directional Bias in Children's Line Copying Does Not Generalise to Pointing Actions. In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell Publishing 168-168.
     
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  26. Misato Hayashi, Sumirena Sekine, Masayuki Tanaka & Hideko Takeshita (2009). Copying a Model Stack of Colored Blocks by Chimpanzees and Humans. Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 10 (2):130-149.
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  27. Catherine Liu (2000). Copying Machines Taking Notes for the Automaton. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  28. Tracy A. Suter, Steven W. Kopp & David M. Hardesty (2004). The Relationship Between General Ethical Judgments and Copying Behavior at Work. Journal of Business Ethics 55 (1):61-70.
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  29. Bill Wagner (1993). A Recycling Approach Worth Copying. Business Ethics: The Magazine of Corporate Responsibility 7 (3):17-17.
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  30. Vincent W. J. Van Gerven Oei (2011). Anders Breivik: On Copying the Obscure. Continent 1 (3):213-223.
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  31. Vincent Wj van Gerven Oei (2011). Anders Breivik: On Copying the Obscure. Continent 1 (3):213-223.
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  32.  8
    Tobias Uller & L. Christoffer Johansson (2003). Human Mate Choice and the Wedding Ring Effect. Human Nature 14 (3):267-276.
    Individuals are often restricted to indirect cues when assessing the mate value of a potential partner. Females of some species have been shown to copy each other’s choice; in other words, the probability of a female choosing a particular male increases if he has already been chosen by other females. Recently it has been suggested that mate-choice copying could be an important aspect of human mate choice as well. We tested one of the hypotheses, the so-called wedding ring effect—that (...)
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  33.  1
    Hillel Schwartz (1996). The Culture of the Copy: Striking Likenesses, Unreasonable Facsimiles. Zone Books.
    The Culture of the Copy is an unprecedented attempt to make sense of our Western fascination with replicas, duplicates, and twins. In a work that is breathtaking in both its synthetic and critical achievements, Hillel Schwartz charts the repercussions of our entanglement with copies of all kinds, whose presence alternately sustains and overwhelms us.Through intriguing, and at times humorous, historical analysis and case studies in contemporary culture, Schwartz investigates most varieties of simulacra, including counterfeits, decoys, mannequins, ditto marks, portraits, genetic (...)
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  34.  57
    Man Kit Chang (1998). Predicting Unethical Behavior: A Comparison of the Theory of Reasoned Action and the Theory of Planned Behavior. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 17 (16):1825-1834.
    This study is a comparison of the validity of theory of reasoned action and theory of planned behavior as applied to the area of moral behavior (i.e., illegal copying of software) using structural equation modeling. Data were collected from 181 university students on the various components of the theories and used to asses the influence of attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control on the intention to make unauthorized software copies. Theory of planned behavior was found to be better (...)
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  35. Timothy Paul Cronan & Sulaiman Al-Rafee (2008). Factors That Influence the Intention to Pirate Software and Media. Journal of Business Ethics 78 (4):527 - 545.
    This study focuses on one of the newer forms of software piracy, known as digital piracy, and uses the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) as a framework to attempt to determine factors that influence digital piracy (the illegal copying/downloading of copyrighted software and media files). This study examines factors, which could determine an individual’s intention to pirate digital material (software, media, etc.). Past piracy behavior and moral obligation, in addition to the prevailing theories of behavior (Theory of Planned (...)
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  36.  51
    Richard S. Glass & Wallace A. Wood (1996). Situational Determinants of Software Piracy: An Equity Theory Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 15 (11):1189 - 1198.
    Software piracy has become recognized as a major problem for the software industry and for business. One research approach that has provided a theoretical framework for studying software piracy has been to place the illegal copying of software within the domain of ethical decision making assumes that a person must be able to recognize software piracy as a moral issue. A person who fails to recognize a moral issue will fail to employ moral decision making schemata. There is substantial (...)
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  37.  15
    Melanie Rein & Leda Stott (2009). Working Together: Critical Perspectives on Six Cross-Sector Partnerships in Southern Africa. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 90 (1):79 - 89.
    This paper examines six cross-sector partnerships in South Africa and Zambia. These partnerships were part of a research study undertaken between 2003 and 2005 and were selected because of their potential to contribute to poverty reduction in their respective countries. This paper examines the context in which the partnerships were established, their governance and accountability mechanisms and the engagement and participation of the partners and the intended beneficiaries in the partnerships. We argue that a partnership approach which has proven successful (...)
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  38.  24
    Marcello Barbieri (2013). The Paradigms of Biology. Biosemiotics 6 (1):33-59.
    Today there are two major theoretical frameworks in biology. One is the ‘chemical paradigm’, the idea that life is an extremely complex form of chemistry. The other is the ‘information paradigm’, the view that life is not just ‘chemistry’ but ‘chemistry-plus-information’. This implies the existence of a fundamental difference between information and chemistry, a conclusion that is strongly supported by the fact that information and information-based-processes like heredity and natural selection simply do not exist in the world of chemistry. Against (...)
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  39.  21
    Rüdiger Hahn (2009). The Ethical Rational of Business for the Poor – Integrating the Concepts Bottom of the Pyramid, Sustainable Development, and Corporate Citizenship. Journal of Business Ethics 84 (3):313 - 324.
    The first United Nations Millennium Development Goal calls for a distinct reduction of worldwide poverty. It is now widely accepted that the private sector is a crucial partner in achieving this ambitious target. Building on this insight, the ‹Bottom of the Pyramid’ concept provides a framework that highlights the untapped opportunities with the ‹poorest of the poor’, while at the same time acknowledging the abilities and resources of private enterprises for poverty alleviation. This article connects the idea of business with (...)
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  40.  42
    Mathieu Bouville (2008). Plagiarism: Words and Ideas. Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (3):311-322.
    Plagiarism is a crime against academy. It deceives readers, hurts plagiarized authors, and gets the plagiarist undeserved benefits. However, even though these arguments do show that copying other people’s intellectual contribution is wrong, they do not apply to the copying of words. Copying a few sentences that contain no original idea (e.g. in the introduction) is of marginal importance compared to stealing the ideas of others. The two must be clearly distinguished, and the ‘plagiarism’ label should not (...)
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  41. Matteo Mameli (2005). The Inheritance of Features. Biology and Philosophy 20 (2-3):365-399.
    Since the discovery of the double helical structure of DNA, the standard account of the inheritance of features has been in terms of DNA-copying and DNA-transmission. This theory is just a version of the old theory according to which the inheritance of features is explained by the transfer at conception of some developmentally privileged material from parents to offspring. This paper does the following things: (1) it explains what the inheritance of features is; (2) it explains how the DNA-centric (...)
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  42.  25
    Penny M. Simpson, Debasish Banerjee & Claude L. Simpson (1994). Softlifting: A Model of Motivating Factors. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 13 (6):431 - 438.
    Softlifting (software piracy by individuals) is an unethical behavior that pervades today''s computer dependent society. Since a better understanding of underlying considerations of the behavior may provide a basis for remedy, a model of potential determinants of softlifting behavior is developed and tested. The analysis provides some support for the hypothesized model, specifically situational variables, such as delayed acquisition times, and personal gain variables, such as the challenge of copying, affect softlifting behavior. Most importantly, the analysis indicated that ethical (...)
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  43.  76
    Robert M. Siegfried (2004). Student Attitudes on Software Piracy and Related Issues of Computer Ethics. Ethics and Information Technology 6 (4):215-222.
    Software piracy is older than the PC and has been the subject of several studies, which have found it to be a widespread phenomenon in general, and among university students in particular. An earlier study by Cohen and Cornwell from a decade ago is replicated, adding questions about downloading music from the Internet. The survey includes responses from 224 students in entry-level courses at two schools, a nondenominational suburban university and a Catholic urban college with similar student profiles. The study (...)
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  44. Peter Danielson (1992). Artificial Morality: Virtuous Robots for Virtual Games. Routledge.
    This book explores the role of artificial intelligence in the development of a claim that morality is person-made and rational. Professor Danielson builds moral robots that do better than amoral competitors in a tournament of games like the Prisoners Dilemma and Chicken. The book thus engages in current controversies over the adequacy of the received theory of rational choice. It sides with Gauthier and McClennan, who extend the devices of rational choice to include moral constraint. Artificial Morality goes further, by (...)
     
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  45. Robert F. Easley (2005). Ethical Issues in the Music Industry Response to Innovation and Piracy. Journal of Business Ethics 62 (2):163 - 168.
    The current conflict between the recording industry and a portion of its customers who are involved in illicit copying of music files arose from innovations involving the compression and electronic distribution of files over the internet. This paper briefly describes some of the challenges faced by the recording industry, and examines some of the ethical issues that arise in various industry and consumer responses to the opportunities and threats presented by these innovations. The paper concludes by highlighting the risks (...)
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  46.  31
    Jeanne M. Logsdon, Judith Kenner Thompson & Richard A. Reid (1994). Software Piracy: Is It Related to Level of Moral Judgment? Journal of Business Ethics 13 (11):849 - 857.
    The possible relationship between widespread unauthorized copying of microcomputer software (also known as software piracy) and level of moral judgment is examined through analysis of over 350 survey questionnaires that included the Defining Issues Test as a measure of moral development. It is hypothesized that the higher one''s level of moral judgment, the less likely that one will approve of or engage in unauthorized copying. Analysis of the data indicate a high level of tolerance toward unauthorized copying (...)
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  47.  27
    Marcello Barbieri (2012). Code Biology – A New Science of Life. Biosemiotics 5 (3):411-437.
    Systems Biology and the Modern Synthesis are recent versions of two classical biological paradigms that are known as structuralism and functionalism, or internalism and externalism. According to functionalism (or externalism), living matter is a fundamentally passive entity that owes its organization to external forces (functions that shape organs) or to an external organizing agent (natural selection). Structuralism (or internalism), is the view that living matter is an intrinsically active entity that is capable of organizing itself from within, with purely internal (...)
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  48. Peter Langland‐Hassan (2014). What It Is to Pretend. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 95 (1):397-420.
    Pretense is a topic of keen interest to philosophers and psychologists. But what is it, really, to pretend? What features qualify an act as pretense? Surprisingly little has been said on this foundational question. Here I defend an account of what it is to pretend, distinguishing pretense from a variety of related but distinct phenomena, such as (mere) copying and practicing. I show how we can distinguish pretense from sincerity by sole appeal to a person's beliefs, desires, and intentions (...)
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  49.  3
    Miguel García-Sancho (2010). A New Insight Into Sanger's Development of Sequencing: From Proteins to DNA, 1943-1977. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 43 (2):265 - 323.
    Fred Sanger, the inventor of the first protein, RNA and DNA sequencing methods, has traditionally been seen as a technical scientist, engaged in laboratory bench work and not interested at all in intellectual debates in biology. In his autobiography and commentaries by fellow researchers, he is portrayed as having a trajectory exclusively dependent on technological progress. The scarce historical scholarship on Sanger partially challenges these accounts by highlighting the importance of professional contacts, institutional and disciplinary moves in his career, spanning (...)
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  50.  3
    Yongyan Li (2013). Text-Based Plagiarism in Scientific Publishing: Issues, Developments and Education. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):1241-1254.
    Text-based plagiarism, or copying language from sources, has recently become an issue of growing concern in scientific publishing. Use of CrossCheck (a computational text-matching tool) by journals has sometimes exposed an unexpected amount of textual similarity between submissions and databases of scholarly literature. In this paper I provide an overview of the relevant literature, to examine how journal gatekeepers perceive textual appropriation, and how automated plagiarism-screening tools have been developed to detect text matching, with the technique (...)
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