Search results for 'Corroboration' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Darrell P. Rowbottom (2013). Popper's Measure of Corroboration and P(H|B). British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 64 (4):axs029.
    This article shows that Popper’s measure of corroboration is inapplicable if, as Popper argued, the logical probability of synthetic universal statements is zero relative to any evidence that we might possess. It goes on to show that Popper’s definition of degree of testability, in terms of degree of logical content, suffers from a similar problem. 1 The Corroboration Function and P(h|b) 2 Degrees of Testability and P(h|b).
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  2. Darrell P. Rowbottom (2010). Corroboration and Auxiliary Hypotheses: Duhem's Thesis Revisited. Synthese 177 (1):139-149.
    This paper argues that Duhem’s thesis does not decisively refute a corroboration-based account of scientific methodology (or ‘falsificationism’), but instead that auxiliary hypotheses are themselves subject to measurements of corroboration which can be used to inform practice. It argues that a corroboration-based account is equal to the popular Bayesian alternative, which has received much more recent attention, in this respect.
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  3.  47
    Carl G. Wagner (2013). The Corroboration Paradox. Synthese 190 (8):1455-1469.
    Evidentiary propositions E 1 and E 2, each p-positively relevant to some hypothesis H, are mutually corroborating if p > p, i = 1, 2. Failures of such mutual corroboration are instances of what may be called the corroboration paradox. This paper assesses two rather different analyses of the corroboration paradox due, respectively, to John Pollock and Jonathan Cohen. Pollock invokes a particular embodiment of the principle of insufficient reason to argue that instances of the corroboration (...)
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  4. Darrell P. Rowbottom (2008). Intersubjective Corroboration. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (1):124-132.
    How are we to understand the use of probability in corroboration functions? Popper says logically, but does not show we could have access to, or even calculate, probability values in a logical sense. This makes the logical interpretation untenable, as Ramsey and van Fraassen have argued. -/- If corroboration functions only make sense when the probabilities employed therein are subjective, however, then what counts as impressive evidence for a theory might be a matter of convention, or even whim. (...)
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  5. Darrell P. Rowbottom (2008). The Big Test of Corroboration. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 22 (3):293 – 302.
    This paper presents a new 'discontinuous' view of Popper's theory of corroboration, where theories cease to have corroboration values when new severe tests are devised which have not yet been performed, on the basis of a passage from The Logic of Scientific Discovery. Through subsequent analysis and discussion, a novel problem for Popper's account of corroboration, which holds also for the standard view, emerges. This is the problem of the Big Test : that the severest test of (...)
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  6.  41
    Darrell P. Rowbottom (2010). Corroboration and Auxiliary Hypotheses: Duhem’s Thesis Revisited. Synthese 177 (1):139-149.
    This paper argues that Duhem’s thesis does not decisively refute a corroboration-based account of scientific methodology, but instead that auxiliary hypotheses are themselves subject to measurements of corroboration which can be used to inform practice. It argues that a corroboration-based account is equal to the popular Bayesian alternative, which has received much more recent attention, in this respect.
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  7.  3
    Jan Sprenger (forthcoming). Two Impossibility Results for Measures of Corroboration. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axw016.
    According to influential accounts of scientific method, such as critical rationalism, scientific knowledge grows by repeatedly testing our best hypotheses. But despite the popularity of hypothesis tests in statistical inference and science in general, their philosophical foundations remain shaky. In particular, the interpretation of non-significant results—those that do not reject the tested hypothesis—poses a major philosophical challenge. To what extent do they corroborate the tested hypothesis, or provide a reason to accept it? Popper sought for measures of corroboration that (...)
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  8.  13
    Jan Sprenger (forthcoming). Two Impossibility Results for Measures of Corroboration. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axw016.
    According to influential accounts of scientific method, e.g., critical rationalism, scientific knowledge grows by repeatedly testing our best hypotheses. But despite the popularity of hypothesis tests in statistical inference and science in general, their philosophical foundations remain shaky. In particular, the interpretation of non-significant results---those that do not refute the tested hypothesis---poses a major philosophical challenge. To what extent do they corroborate the tested hypothesis or provide a reason to accept it? Karl R. Popper sought for measures of corroboration (...)
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  9.  19
    E. Kurt Lienau & Rob DeSalle (2009). Evidence, Content and Corroboration and the Tree of Life. Acta Biotheoretica 57 (1-2):187–199.
    We examine three critical aspects of Popper’s formulation of the ‘ Logic of Scientific Discovery ’—evidence, content and degree of corroboration—and place these concepts in the context of the Tree of Life (ToL) problem with particular reference to molecular systematics. Content, in the sense discussed by Popper, refers to the breadth and scope of existence that a hypothesis purports to explain. Content, in conjunction with the amount of available and relevant evidence, determines the testability, or potential degree of (...), of a statement; content distinguishes scientific hypotheses from metaphysical assertions. Degree of corroboration refers to the relative and tentative confidence assigned to one hypothesis over another, based upon the performance of each under critical tests. Here we suggest that systematists attempt to maximize content and evidence to increase the potential degree of corroboration in all phylogenetic endeavors. Discussion of this “total evidence” approach leads to several interesting conclusions about generating ToL hypotheses. (shrink)
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  10.  5
    Kevin de Queiroz & Steven Poe (2001). Philosophy and Phylogenetic Inference: A Comparison of Likelihood and Parsimony Methods in the Context of Karl Popper's Writings on Corroboration. Systematic Biology 50 (3):305-321.
    Advocates of cladistic parsimony methods have invoked the philosophy of Karl Popper in an attempt to argue for the superiority of those methods over phylogenetic methods based on Ronald Fisher's statistical principle of likelihood. We argue that the concept of likelihood in general, and its application to problems of phylogenetic inference in particular, are highly compatible with Popper's philosophy. Examination of Popper's writings reveals that his concept of corroboration is, in fact, based on likelihood. Moreover, because probabilistic assumptions are (...)
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  11.  6
    Jan Sprenger, From Evidential Support to a Measure of Corroboration.
    According to influential accounts of scientific method, e.g., critical rationalism, scientific knowledge grows by repeatedly testing our best hypotheses. In comparison to rivaling accounts of scientific reasoning such as Bayesianism, these accounts are closer to crucial aspects of scientific practice. But despite the preeminence of hypothesis tests in statistical inference, their philosophical foundations are shaky. In particular, the interpretation of "insignificant results"---outcomes where the tested hypothesis has survived the test---poses a major epistemic challenge that is not sufficiently addressed by the (...)
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  12.  4
    I. Grattan-Guinness (2004). The Place of the Notion of Corroboration in Karl Popper's Philosophy of Science. In Friedrich Stadler (ed.), Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook. Springer 251.
    The main text of Popper’s Logik der Forschung consists of seven chapters outlining the main features of his falsificationist philosophy of science, followed by two involving probability theory and quantum mechanics, and finally one on corroboration, which is the main concern here., noting its newer material when appropriate.) The chapter begins with a section on non-verifiability of theories, which would have been better placed in chapter 6 on testability, and then two sections on the probability of events and of (...)
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  13.  10
    Marks R. Nester (1998). Significance Tests Cannot Be Justified in Theory-Corroboration Experiments. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (2):213-213.
    Chow's one-tailed null-hypothesis significance-test procedure, with its rationale based on the elimination of chance influences, is not appropriate for theory-corroboration experiments. Estimated effect sizes and their associated standard errors or confidence limits will always suffice.
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  14.  2
    J. C. Robbins (1968). Salmon and Red Herring: Does Corroboration Entail Induction? Télos 1968 (1):27-33.
    The general question I shall consider here is this: To what are we committed when we say that we “accept” or “entertain” a scientific hypothesis? I shall be concerned with whether or not such acceptance requires an inductive inference, and in particular with whether or not Wesley Salmon's analysis of Popper's idea of “degree of corroboration” is correct. -/- The problem of what claim we make for the hypotheses we accept is not, I think, of merely academic interest, although (...)
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  15.  27
    Alex Mesoudi, Simon Blanchet, Anne Charmantier, Étienne Danchin, Laurel Fogarty, Eva Jablonka, Kevin N. Laland, Thomas J. H. Morgan, Gerd B. Müller, F. John Odling-Smee & Benoît Pujol (2013). Is Non-Genetic Inheritance Just a Proximate Mechanism? A Corroboration of the Extended Evolutionary Synthesis. Biological Theory 7 (3):189-195.
    What role does non-genetic inheritance play in evolution? In recent work we have independently and collectively argued that the existence and scope of non-genetic inheritance systems, including epigenetic inheritance, niche construction/ecological inheritance, and cultural inheritance—alongside certain other theory revisions—necessitates an extension to the neo-Darwinian Modern Synthesis (MS) in the form of an Extended Evolutionary Synthesis (EES). However, this argument has been challenged on the grounds that non-genetic inheritance systems are exclusively proximate mechanisms that serve the ultimate function of calibrating organisms (...)
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  16.  41
    Hilary Putnam (1991). The `Corroboration' of Theories. Philosophy of Science:121--137.
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  17.  99
    Barry Gower (1989). Corroboration Versus Borrocoration. Analysis 49 (1):8 - 10.
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  18. G. B. Keene (1961). Confirmation and Corroboration. Mind 70 (277):85-87.
  19.  16
    James H. Fetzer (1984). Scientific Knowledge, Causation, Explanation, and Corroboration. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 46 (3):541-542.
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  20. K. R. Popper (1958). A Third Note on Degree of Corroboration or Confirmation. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 8 (32):294-302.
  21. K. R. Popper (1960). Probabilistic Independence and Corroboration by Empirical Tests. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 10 (40):315-318.
  22.  54
    I. Levi (1963). Corroboration and Rules of Acceptance. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 13 (52):307-313.
  23. I. J. Good (1968). Corroboration, Explanation, Evolving Probability, Simplicity and a Sharpened Razor. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 19 (2):123-143.
  24.  2
    Kenneth W. Witwer & Kendal D. Hirschi (2014). Transfer and Functional Consequences of Dietary microRNAs in Vertebrates: Concepts in Search of Corroboration. Bioessays 36 (4):394-406.
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  25.  71
    Joseph Agassi (1959). Corroboration Versus Induction. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 9 (36):311-317.
  26.  60
    Alex C. Michalos (1966). Estimated Utility and Corroboration. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 16 (64):327-331.
  27.  56
    L. Jonathan Cohen (1982). What is Necessary for Testimonial Corroboration? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 33 (2):161-164.
  28.  16
    Carl G. Wagner (1991). Corroboration and Conditional Positive Relevance. Philosophical Studies 61 (3):295 - 300.
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  29.  35
    Irving John Good (1975). Explicativity, Corroboration, and the Relative Odds of Hypotheses. Synthese 30 (1-2):39 - 73.
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  30.  63
    Arthur Falk (1986). Cohen on Corroboration. Mind 95 (377):110-115.
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  31.  18
    Milton Fisk (1959). Falsifiability and Corroboration. Philosophical Studies 9:49-65.
  32.  10
    L. Jonathan Cohen (1986). The Corroboration Theorem: A Reply to Falk. Mind 95 (380):510-512.
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  33.  7
    Mary Tiles (1985). Scientific Knowledge: Causation, Explanation and Corroboration. Philosophical Books 26 (1):39-40.
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  34.  16
    W. W. Bartley (1961). A Note on Barker's Discussion of Popper's Theory of Corroboration. Philosophical Studies 12 (1-2):5 - 10.
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  35.  3
    R. H. Vincent (1963). Corroboration and Probability. Dialogue 2 (2):194-205.
  36.  8
    Reuven Dar (1998). Null Hypothesis Tests and Theory Corroboration: Defending NHSTP Out of Context. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (2):196-197.
    Chow's defense of NHSTP ignores the fact that in psychology it is used to test substantive hypotheses in theory-corroborating research. In this role, NHSTP is not only inadequate, but damaging to the progress of psychology as a science. NHSTP does not fulfill the Popperian requirement that theories be tested severely. It also encourages nonspecific predictions and feeble theoretical formulations.
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  37.  5
    Douglas Shrader (1983). Book Review:Scientific Knowledge: Causation, Explanation, and Corroboration James H. Fetzer. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 50 (4):660-.
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  38.  1
    Joseph Agassi (2007). Corroboration Spurious and Genuine. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 93 (1):81.
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  39.  1
    A. A. S. Zuckerman (1984). Corroboration: Judicial Reform in Canada. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 4 (1):147-152.
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  40. Joseph Agassi (1961). The Role of Corroboration in Popper's Methodology. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 39:82.
     
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  41. J. Cohen (1986). The Corroboration Theorem: A Reply to Falk. Mind 95:570.
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  42. David Kaplan (1967). Alexander H. G.. The Paradoxes of Confirmation. The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 9 , Pp. 227–233.Agassi J.. Corroboration Versus Induction. The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 9 , Pp. 311–317.Alexander H. G.. The Paradoxes of Confirmation—a Reply to Dr. Agassi. The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 10 , Pp. 229–234.Watkins J. W. N.. Confirmation Without Background Knowledge. The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 10 , Pp. 318–320. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (2):249-250.
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  43. Jozef Katina (2012). Corroboration in Popper's Theory of Science. Filozofia 67 (2):124-135.
     
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  44. I. Niiniluoto (1989). Corroboration, Verisimilitude, and the Success of Science in Imre Lakatos and Theories of Scientific Change. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 111:229-243.
     
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  45. Daniel Rothbart (1978). Conjectures and Refutations: A Critique of Popper's Theory of Corroboration. Dissertation, Washington University
     
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  46. D. E. Segall, C. Li & G. Xu (2006). Corroboration of a Multiscale Approach with All Atom Calculations in Analysis of Dislocation Nucleation From Surface Steps. Philosophical Magazine 86 (32):5083-5101.
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  47. T. W. Settle (1970). Is Corroboration a Non-Demonstrative Form of Inference? Ratio 12 (2):151.
     
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  48. Harry V. Stopes-Roe (1968). Leblanc Hugues. On so-Called Degrees of Confirmation. The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 10 Pp. 312–315.Popper K. R.. Probabilistic Independence and Corroboration by Empirical Tests. The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 10 Pp. 315–318. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (1):146.
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  49. Harry V. Stopes-Roe (1968). Review: Hugues LeBlanc, On So-Called Degrees of Confirmation; K. R. Popper, Probabilistic Independence and Corroboration by Empirical Tests. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (1):146-146.
     
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  50. Elie Zahar (1989). John Watkins on the Empirical Basis and the Corroboration of Scientific Theories. In Fred D'Agostino & I. C. Jarvie (eds.), Freedom and Rationality. Reidel 325--341.
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