Search results for 'Cosmology' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Martín López Corredoira (2009). Sociology of Modern Cosmology. In J. A. Rubiño-Martín, J. A. Belmonte, F. Prada & A. Alberdi (eds.), Cosmology across Cultures. Astronomical Society of Pacific 66-73.
    Certain results of observational cosmology cast critical doubt on the foundations of standard cosmology but leave most cosmologists untroubled. Alternative cosmological models that differ from the Big Bang have been published and defended by heterodox scientists; however, most cosmologists do not heed these. This may be because standard theory is correct and all other ideas and criticisms are incorrect, but it is also to a great extent due to sociological phenomena such as the "snowball effect" or "groupthink". We (...)
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  2. Elise M. Crull (2015). Less Interpretation and More Decoherence in Quantum Gravity and Inflationary Cosmology. Foundations of Physics 45 (9):1019-1045.
    I argue that quantum decoherence—understood as a dynamical process entailed by the standard formalism alone—carries us beyond conceptual aspects of non-relativistic quantum mechanics deemed insurmountable by many contributors to the recent quantum gravity and cosmology literature. These aspects include various incarnations of the measurement problem and of the quantum -to-classical puzzle. Not only can such problems be largely bypassed or dissolved without default to a particular interpretation, but theoretical work in relativistic arenas stands to gain substantial physical and philosophical (...)
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  3. Claus Beisbart (2009). Can We Justifiably Assume the Cosmological Principle in Order to Break Model Underdetermination in Cosmology? Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 40 (2):175 - 205.
    If cosmology is to obtain knowledge about the whole universe, it faces an underdetermination problem: Alternative space-time models are compatible with our evidence. The problem can be avoided though, if there are good reasons to adopt the Cosmological Principle (CP), because, assuming the principle, one can confine oneself to the small class of homogeneous and isotropic space-time models. The aim of this paper is to ask whether there are good reasons to adopt the Cosmological Principle in (...)
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  4. Hans Halvorson (forthcoming). Theism and Physical Cosmology. In Charles Taliaferro, Victoria Harrison & Stewart Goetz (eds.), Routledge Companion to Theism.
    Physical cosmology purports to establish precise and testable claims about the origin of the universe. Thus, cosmology bears directly on traditional metaphysical claims -- in particular, claims about whether the universe has a creator (i.e. God). What is the upshot of cosmology for the claims of theism? Does big-bang cosmology support theism? Do recent developments in quantum and string cosmology undermine theism? We discuss the relations between physical cosmology to theism from both historical and (...)
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  5. Graham Oppy (1997). On Some Alleged Consequences of 'the Hartle-Hawking Cosmology'. Sophia 36 (1):84-95.
    In [3], Quentin Smith claims that `the Hartle-Hawking cosmology' is inconsistent with classical theism in a way which redounds to the discredit of classical theism; and, moreover, that the truth of `the Hartle- Hawking cosmology' would undermine reasonsed belief in any other varieties of theism which hold that the universe is created.
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  6.  18
    Martín López-Corredoira (2014). Non-Standard Models and the Sociology of Cosmology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 46 (1):86-96.
    I review some theoretical ideas in cosmology different from the standard “Big Bang”: the quasi-steady state model, the plasma cosmology model, non-cosmological redshifts, alternatives to non-baryonic dark matter and/or dark energy, and others. Cosmologists do not usually work within the framework of alternative cosmologies because they feel that these are not at present as competitive as the standard model. Certainly, they are not so developed, and they are not so developed because cosmologists do not work on them. It (...)
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  7.  90
    Milan M. Ćirković (2004). Forecast for the Next Eon: Applied Cosmology and the Long-Term Fate of Intelligent Beings. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 34 (2):239-261.
    Cosmology seems extremely remote from everyday human practice and experience. It is usually taken for granted that cosmological data cannot rationally influence our beliefs about the fate of humanity—and possible other intelligent species—except perhaps in the extremely distant future, when the issue of “heat death” (in an ever-expanding universe) becomes actual. Here, an attempt is made to show that it may become a practical question much sooner, if an intelligent community wishes to maximize its creative potential. We estimate, on (...)
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  8.  37
    Gabriela Roxana Carone (2005). Plato's Cosmology and It's Ethical Dimensions. Cambridge University Press.
    Although a great deal has been written on Plato's ethics, his cosmology has not received so much attention in recent times, and its importance for his ethical thought has remained under-explored. By offering integrated accounts of Timaeus, Philebus, Politicus and Laws X, the book reveals a strongly symbiotic relation between the cosmic and the human sphere. It is argued that in his late period Plato presents a picture of an organic universe, endowed with structure and intrinsic value, which both (...)
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  9.  93
    David Craig & Parampreet Singh (2011). Consistent Histories in Quantum Cosmology. Foundations of Physics 41 (3):371-379.
    We illustrate the crucial role played by decoherence (consistency of quantum histories) in extracting consistent quantum probabilities for alternative histories in quantum cosmology. Specifically, within a Wheeler-DeWitt quantization of a flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker cosmological model sourced with a free massless scalar field, we calculate the probability that the universe is singular in the sense that it assumes zero volume. Classical solutions of this model are a disjoint set of expanding and contracting singular branches. A naive assessment of the behavior of (...)
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  10. Petar V. Grujić (2007). Some Epistemic Questions of Cosmology. Foundations of Science 12 (1):39-83.
    We discuss a number of fundamental aspects of modern cosmological concepts, from the phenomenological, observational, theoretical and epistemic points of view. We argue that the modern cosmology, despite a great advent, in particular in the observational sector, is yet to solve important problems, posed already by the classical times. In particular the stress is put on discerning the scientific features of modern cosmological paradigms from the more speculative ones, with the latter immersed in some aspects deeply into mythological world (...)
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  11.  24
    João Barbosa (2015). Big Bang, an Idea Projected Beyond Cosmology: The Possible Contribution of Thematic Analysis to the Understanding of This Success. Axiomathes 25 (2):181-187.
    The big bang idea is not only a dominant idea in cosmology but also a very successfully idea out of cosmology. Although sometimes just in metaphorical sense, the big bang idea is present, since some decades, in a variety of domains such as natural sciences, humanities, social sciences, arts, and it also has a great acceptance by the general public. Furthermore, the term Big Bang has become increasingly popular and currently it is often used with very different purposes, (...)
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  12.  17
    Graham Oppy (1996). Theism, Atheism, and Big Bang Cosmology. Faith and Philosophy 13 (1):125-133.
    This paper is a critical review of *Big Bang Cosmology* by Quentin Smith and William Lane Craig. (The book is a collection of previously published papers; most are concerned, in one way or another, with kalam cosmological arguments for the existence of God.).
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  13. Thomas G. Rosenmeyer (1989). Senecan Drama and Stoic Cosmology. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
    Lucius Annaeus Seneca, Nero's tutor and advisor, wrote philosophical essays, some of them in the form of letters, and dramas on Greek mythological topics, which since the early Renaissance have exercised a powerful influence on the European theater. Because in his essays Seneca, in his own eclectic way, subscribes to the philosophy of the Stoic school, scholars and critics have long been asking the question whether the plays, also, could be regarded as transmitters of Stoic thought. Various answers, ranging from (...)
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  14.  19
    Junping Liu (2006). The Evolution of Tianxia Cosmology and its Philosophical Implications. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 1 (4):517-538.
    The terminology tianxia has both historical evolution and cultural and philosophical connotations. This concept not only denotes a geographical and spatial meaning, but also implies the moral construct of metaphysics. A systematic study of its historical and cultural repercussions can show that the evolution of the meaning "tianxia" not only embodies the cosmological construction, moral belief and self-identity of the Chinese nation, but also manifests the historical processes of modern China evolving from "tianxia" to a modern nation-state. Meanwhile, the deconstruction (...)
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  15.  15
    M. Patrice McCarthy (2011). Bruteau's Philosophy of Spiritual Evolution and Consciousness: Foundation for a Nursing Cosmology. Nursing Philosophy 12 (1):67-75.
    The ontological foundation of the modern world view based on irreconcilable dichotomies has held hegemonic status since the dawn of the scientific revolution. The post‐modern critique has exposed the inadequacies of the modern perspective and challenged the potential for any narrative to adequately ground a vision for the future. This paper proposes that the philosophy of Beatrice Bruteau can support a foundation for a visionary world view consistent with nursing's respect for human dignity and societal health. The author discusses the (...)
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  16.  5
    Ioannis Kyriakakis (2012). Traditional African Religion, Cosmology and Christianity. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 11 (32):132-154.
    In this article I am applying the anthropological term of "cosmology" to the study of Christianity in order to place plural Christian settings under a wider methodological perspective. I am drawing on the findings of my fieldwork in Southwestern Ghana, where I met twelve different Christian denominations and five traditional healers operating in one village. I am sketching a concise image of the local Nzema cosmology and then I am launching an attempt to present its Christian equivalent. Informed (...)
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  17.  6
    Marcelo Ayres Camurça (2012). Cosmologia e estrutura de longo curso do catolicismo na dinâmica da modernidade (Cosmology and long term structure of catholicism in the dynamics of modernity) - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2011v9n23p746. [REVIEW] Horizonte 9 (23):746-762.
    A tendência de uma sociologia do catolicismo contemporâneo no país nestes últimos anos foi de reduzi-lo a uma instituição política e social movida por interesses de poder no campo religioso e no espaço público, dispensando a mediação de sua cosmologia como pano de fundo de sua atuação. A partir do livro pioneiro de Roberto Romano (1976) que resgata o papel da cosmologia católica na sua intervenção pública, e seguindo os estudos de Sanchis (1994) e Steil (1996) que chamam a atenção (...)
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  18.  13
    Sergei Mareyev (2005). Cosmology of Mind. Studies in East European Thought 57 (3-4):249 - 259.
    In Il’enkov’s “Cosmology of mind,” written in his younger days in the tradition of Spinoza and Engels, the thinking mind appears as a necessary attribute of matter. Like all other main forms of matter in motion, the mind has its cosmic purpose and predestination. Il’enkov argued that it has to close the beginning and the end of the Big Cycle in order to return the dying Universe to its fiery youth. Il’enkov believed that this is the sole way to (...)
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  19.  25
    Yann Benétreau-Dupin (2015). Probabilistic Reasoning in Cosmology. Dissertation, The University of Western Ontario
    Cosmology raises novel philosophical questions regarding the use of probabilities in inference. This work aims at identifying and assessing lines of arguments and problematic principles in probabilistic reasoning in cosmology. -/- The first, second, and third papers deal with the intersection of two distinct problems: accounting for selection effects, and representing ignorance or indifference in probabilistic inferences. These two problems meet in the cosmology literature when anthropic considerations are used to predict cosmological parameters by conditionalizing the distribution (...)
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  20.  33
    F. Bertola & Umberto Curi (eds.) (1988). The Anthropic Principle: Proceedings of the Second Venice Conference on Cosmology and Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    The questions that were purely in the realms of philosophy are now beginning to be answered by science. The second Venice Conference on Cosmology and Philosophy explores the anthropic principle which states that the Universe has the conditions we observe because we are here. Out of all possible universes we can only experience the restricted class that permits observers. This realization has profound implications for cosmology, philosophy and theology; all of which are explored in this book by thirteen (...)
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  21. Damien Janos (2011/2012). Method, Structure, and Development in Al-Fārābi's Cosmology. Brill.
    This study analyzes key concepts in al-Fārābī’s cosmology and provides a new interpretation of his philosophical development through an analysis of the Greco-Arabic sources and a contextualization of his life and thought in the cultural and intellectual milieu of his time.
     
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  22.  32
    Plato (1937/1997). Plato's Cosmology. Hackett Publishing Company Incorporated.
    ". . . one of the masterpieces of classical scholarship. . . . Contemporary work on the Timaeus will inevitably take Plato's Cosmology as its starting point." -- Charles H Kahn, University of Pennsylvania.
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  23.  16
    Aihe Wang (2000). Cosmology and Political Culture in Early China. Cambridge University Press.
    This radical reinterpretation of the formative stages of Chinese culture and history traces the central role played by cosmology in the formation of China's early empires. It crosses the disciplines of history, social anthropology, archaeology, and philosophy to illustrate how cosmological systems, particularly the Five Elements, shaped political culture. By focusing on dynamic change in early cosmology, the book undermines the notion that Chinese cosmology was homogenous and unchanging. By arguing that cosmology was intrinsic to power (...)
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  24.  18
    James Wilberding (2006). Plotinus' Cosmology: A Study of Ennead Ii.1 (40): Text, Translation, and Commentary. Oxford University Press.
    In Ennead II.1 (40) Plotinus is primarily concerned to argue for the everlastingness of the universe, the heavens, and the heavenly bodies as individual substances. Here he must grapple both with the philosophical issue of personal identity through time and with the rich tradition of cosmology which pitted the Platonists against the Aristotelians and Stoics. What results is a historically informed cosmological sketch explaining the constitution of the heavens as well as sublunar and celestial motion. This book contains an (...)
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  25. James Wilberding (2006). Plotinus' Cosmology: A Study of Ennead Ii. Oxford University Press.
    In Ennead II.1 (40) Plotinus is primarily concerned to argue for the everlastingness of the universe, the heavens, and the heavenly bodies as individual substances. Here he must grapple both with the philosophical issue of personal identity through time and with the rich tradition of cosmology which pitted the Platonists against the Aristotelians and Stoics. What results is a historically informed cosmological sketch explaining the constitution of the heavens as well as sublunar and celestial motion. This book contains an (...)
     
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  26.  42
    M. R. Wright (1995). Cosmology in Antiquity. Routledge.
    Two and a half thousand years ago Greek philosophers "looked up at the sky and formed a theory of everything." Though their solutions are little credited today, the questions remain fresh. Early Greek thinkers struggled to come to terms with and explain the totality of their surroundings, to identitify an original substance from which the universe was compounded, and to reconcile the presence of balance and proportion with the apparent disorder of the cosmos. M. R. Wright examines cosmological theories of (...)
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  27.  5
    Muḥammad ʻAlī Ḥājj Yūsuf (2008). Ibn ʻarabī - Time and Cosmology. Routledge.
    This book is the first comprehensive attempt to explain Ibn ‘Arabî’s distinctive view of time and its role in the process of creating the cosmos and its relation with the Creator. By comparing this original view with modern theories of physics and cosmology, Mohamed Haj Yousef constructs a new cosmological model that may deepen and extend our understanding of the world, while potentially solving some of the drawbacks in the current models such as the historical Zeno's paradoxes of motion (...)
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  28. Alfred North Whitehead (1929/1978). Process and Reality: An Essay in Cosmology. Free Press.
  29. Steven Weinberg (1972). Gravitation and Cosmology: Principles and Applications of the General Theory of Relativity. New York,Wiley.
  30. Colin McGinn (1993). Consciousness and Cosmology: Hyperdualism Ventilated. In Martin Davies & Glyn W. Humphreys (eds.), Consciousness: Psychological and Philosophical Essays. Blackwell
     
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  31.  13
    Nancey C. Murphy (1996). On the Moral Nature of the Universe: Theology, Cosmology, and Ethics. Fortress Press.
    Ellis and Murphy show how contemporary sciences actually support a religiously based ethic of nonviolence, not by appealing to the Enlightment's mechanismic ...
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  32. Mariska Leunissen (2009). Why Stars Have No Feet. Teleological Explanations in Aristotle’s Cosmology. In A. C. Bowen & C. Wildberg (eds.), New Perspectives on Aristotle’s De Caelo. Brill
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  33.  25
    John Leslie (2001). Infinite Minds: A Philosophical Cosmology. Oxford University Press.
    The cosmos exists just because of the ethical need for it We, and all the intricate structures of our universe, exist as thoughts in a divine mind that knows everything worth knowing. There could also be infinitely many other universes in this mind....It may be hard to believe that the universe is as Leslie says it is--but it is also hard to resist his compelling ideas and arguments.
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  34. Stephen Edelston Toulmin (1982). The Return to Cosmology Postmodern Science and the Theology of Nature. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  35.  23
    Andrew Gregory (2013). Parmenides, Cosmology and Sufficient Reason. Apeiron (1):1-32.
    Journal Name: Apeiron Issue: Ahead of print.
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  36.  13
    Richard Chace Tolman (1934). Relativity, Thermodynamics and Cosmology. Oxford, the Clarendon Press.
    A distinguished American physicist and teacher delivers a landmark study thatdevelops three essential scientific themes on each subject.
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  37. Mohan Matthen (2001). Holistic Presuppositions of Aristotle's Cosmology. Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 20:171-199.
    Argues that Aristotle regarded the universe, or Totality, as a single substance with form and matter, and that he regarded this substance together with the Prime Mover as a self-mover.
     
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  38.  42
    Bernard Carr (2006). Cosmology and Religion. In Philip Clayton (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Science. OUP Oxford 139-155.
    Accession Number: ATLA0001712121; Hosting Book Page Citation: p 139-155.; Physical Description: diag ; Language(s): English; General Note: Bibliography: p 155.; Issued by ATLA: 20130825; Publication Type: Essay.
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  39. Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem (1985). Medieval Cosmology: Theories of Infinity, Place, Time, Void, and the Plurality of Worlds. University of Chicago Press.
  40. Owen Gingerich & Robert S. Westman (1988). The Wittich Connection Conflict and Priority in Late Sixteenth-Century Cosmology. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  41.  13
    Charles H. Kahn (1960/1994). Anaximander and the Origins of Greek Cosmology. Hackett.
  42.  81
    Victor J. Stenger (1995). The Unconscious Quantum: Metaphysics in Modern Physics and Cosmology. Prometheus Books.
    In this fascinating and accessible book, physicist Victor J. Stenger guides the lay reader through the key developments of quantum mechanics and the debate over its apparent paradoxes. In the process, he critically appraises recent metaphysical fads. Dr. Stenger's knack for elucidating scientific ideas and controversies in language that the nonspecialist can comprehend opens up to the widest possible audience a wealth of information on the most important findings of contemporary physics.
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  43. H. P. Robertson (1968). Relativity and Cosmology. Philadelphia, Saunders.
     
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  44.  13
    Brian Edward Brown (2004). Environmental Ethics and Cosmology: A Buddhist Perspective. Zygon 39 (4):885-900.
  45.  4
    Andrés Rivadulla Rodríguez (2015). Abduction in Observational and in Theoretical Sciences. Some Examples of IBE in Palaeontology and in Cosmology. Revista de filosofía (Chile) 40 (2):143-152.
    Contrary to the view maintained by many philosophers that science employs the deductive testing of hypotheses, observational natural sciences such as paleoanthropology and the earth sciences apply a scientific methodology consisting in the proposal of hypotheses which are best fitted to the available empirical data, i.e. which best explain the data. Observational natural sciences are predominantly empirical. They are grounded in observation, and they do not implement any Popperian deductive testing of hypotheses. Theoretical natural sciences such as mathematical physics also (...)
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  46.  2
    John B. Henderson (1984). The Development and Decline of Chinese Cosmology. Columbia University Press.
  47. Joseph A. Bracken (1991). Society and Spirit a Trinitarian Cosmology.
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  48.  27
    Ian Richard Netton (1989). Allāh Transcendent: Studies in the Structure and Semiotics of Islamic Philosophy, Theology, and Cosmology. Routledge.
    Introduction THE FACES OF GOD How many faces has God? Egyptologists have wrestled with the problem over many years ...
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  49. N. M. Wildiers (1982). The Theologian and His Universe: Theology and Cosmology From the Middle Ages to the Present. Seabury Press.
  50.  6
    S. K. Heninger (1974). Touches of Sweet Harmony: Pythagorean Cosmology and Renaissance Poetics. Huntington Library.
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