Search results for 'Cosmology' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Hans Halvorson (forthcoming). Theism and Physical Cosmology. In Charles Taliaferro, Victoria Harrison & Stewart Goetz (eds.), Routledge Companion to Theism.score: 18.0
    Physical cosmology purports to establish precise and testable claims about the origin of the universe. Thus, cosmology bears directly on traditional metaphysical claims -- in particular, claims about whether the universe has a creator (i.e. God). What is the upshot of cosmology for the claims of theism? Does big-bang cosmology support theism? Do recent developments in quantum and string cosmology undermine theism? We discuss the relations between physical cosmology to theism from both historical and (...)
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  2. Claus Beisbart (2009). Can We Justifiably Assume the Cosmological Principle in Order to Break Model Underdetermination in Cosmology? Journal for General Philosophy of Science 40 (2):175 - 205.score: 18.0
    If cosmology is to obtain knowledge about the whole universe, it faces an underdetermination problem: Alternative space-time models are compatible with our evidence. The problem can be avoided though, if there are good reasons to adopt the Cosmological Principle (CP), because, assuming the principle, one can confine oneself to the small class of homogeneous and isotropic space-time models. The aim of this paper is to ask whether there are good reasons to adopt the Cosmological Principle in order to avoid (...)
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  3. Petar V. Grujić (2007). Some Epistemic Questions of Cosmology. Foundations of Science 12 (1):39-83.score: 18.0
    We discuss a number of fundamental aspects of modern cosmological concepts, from the phenomenological, observational, theoretical and epistemic points of view. We argue that the modern cosmology, despite a great advent, in particular in the observational sector, is yet to solve important problems, posed already by the classical times. In particular the stress is put on discerning the scientific features of modern cosmological paradigms from the more speculative ones, with the latter immersed in some aspects deeply into mythological (...)
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  4. M. R. Wright (1995). Cosmology in Antiquity. Routledge.score: 18.0
    Two and a half thousand years ago Greek philosophers "looked up at the sky and formed a theory of everything." Though their solutions are little credited today, the questions remain fresh. Early Greek thinkers struggled to come to terms with and explain the totality of their surroundings, to identitify an original substance from which the universe was compounded, and to reconcile the presence of balance and proportion with the apparent disorder of the cosmos. M. R. Wright examines cosmological theories of (...)
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  5. Roger Penrose (forthcoming). On the Gravitization of Quantum Mechanics 2: Conformal Cyclic Cosmology. Foundations of Physics:1-18.score: 18.0
    The 2nd Law of thermodynamics was driven by the Big Bang being extraordinary special, with hugely suppressed gravitational degrees of freedom. This cannot have been simply the result of a conventional quantum gravity. Conformal cyclic cosmology proposes a different picture, of a classical evolution from an aeon preceding our own. The ultimate Hawking evaporation of black holes is key to the 2nd Law and requires information loss, violating unitarity in a strongly gravitational context.
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  6. Gabriela Roxana Carone (2005). Plato's Cosmology and It's Ethical Dimensions. Cambridge University Press.score: 18.0
    Although a great deal has been written on Plato's ethics, his cosmology has not received so much attention in recent times, and its importance for his ethical thought has remained under-explored. By offering integrated accounts of Timaeus, Philebus, Politicus and Laws X, the book reveals a strongly symbiotic relation between the cosmic and the human sphere. It is argued that in his late period Plato presents a picture of an organic universe, endowed with structure and intrinsic value, which both (...)
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  7. Christine C. Dantas (2013). An Approach to Loop Quantum Cosmology Through Integrable Discrete Heisenberg Spin Chains. Foundations of Physics 43 (2):236-242.score: 18.0
    The quantum evolution equation of Loop Quantum Cosmology (LQC)—the quantum Hamiltonian constraint—is a difference equation. We relate the LQC constraint equation in vacuum Bianchi I separable (locally rotationally symmetric) models with an integrable differential-difference nonlinear Schrödinger type equation, which in turn is known to be associated with integrable, discrete Heisenberg spin chain models in condensed matter physics. We illustrate the similarity between both systems with a simple constraint in the linear regime.
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  8. David Craig & Parampreet Singh (2011). Consistent Histories in Quantum Cosmology. Foundations of Physics 41 (3):371-379.score: 18.0
    We illustrate the crucial role played by decoherence (consistency of quantum histories) in extracting consistent quantum probabilities for alternative histories in quantum cosmology. Specifically, within a Wheeler-DeWitt quantization of a flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker cosmological model sourced with a free massless scalar field, we calculate the probability that the universe is singular in the sense that it assumes zero volume. Classical solutions of this model are a disjoint set of expanding and contracting singular branches. A naive assessment of the behavior of (...)
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  9. F. Bertola & Umberto Curi (eds.) (1988). The Anthropic Principle: Proceedings of the Second Venice Conference on Cosmology and Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.score: 18.0
    The questions that were purely in the realms of philosophy are now beginning to be answered by science. The second Venice Conference on Cosmology and Philosophy explores the anthropic principle which states that the Universe has the conditions we observe because we are here. Out of all possible universes we can only experience the restricted class that permits observers. This realization has profound implications for cosmology, philosophy and theology; all of which are explored in this book by thirteen (...)
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  10. Plato (1937/1997). Plato's Cosmology. Hackett Publishing Company Incorporated.score: 18.0
    ". . . one of the masterpieces of classical scholarship. . . . Contemporary work on the Timaeus will inevitably take Plato's Cosmology as its starting point." -- Charles H Kahn, University of Pennsylvania.
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  11. James Wilberding (2006). Plotinus' Cosmology: A Study of Ennead Ii.1 (40): Text, Translation, and Commentary. Oxford University Press.score: 18.0
    In Ennead II.1 (40) Plotinus is primarily concerned to argue for the everlastingness of the universe, the heavens, and the heavenly bodies as individual substances. Here he must grapple both with the philosophical issue of personal identity through time and with the rich tradition of cosmology which pitted the Platonists against the Aristotelians and Stoics. What results is a historically informed cosmological sketch explaining the constitution of the heavens as well as sublunar and celestial motion. This book contains an (...)
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  12. Aihe Wang (2000). Cosmology and Political Culture in Early China. Cambridge University Press.score: 18.0
    This radical reinterpretation of the formative stages of Chinese culture and history traces the central role played by cosmology in the formation of China's early empires. It crosses the disciplines of history, social anthropology, archaeology, and philosophy to illustrate how cosmological systems, particularly the Five Elements, shaped political culture. By focusing on dynamic change in early cosmology, the book undermines the notion that Chinese cosmology was homogenous and unchanging. By arguing that cosmology was intrinsic to power (...)
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  13. Junping Liu (2006). The Evolution of Tianxia Cosmology and its Philosophical Implications. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 1 (4):517-538.score: 18.0
    The terminology tianxia has both historical evolution and cultural and philosophical connotations. This concept not only denotes a geographical and spatial meaning, but also implies the moral construct of metaphysics. A systematic study of its historical and cultural repercussions can show that the evolution of the meaning "tianxia" not only embodies the cosmological construction, moral belief and self-identity of the Chinese nation, but also manifests the historical processes of modern China evolving from "tianxia" to a modern nation-state. Meanwhile, the deconstruction (...)
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  14. Milan M. Ćirković (2004). Forecast for the Next Eon: Applied Cosmology and the Long-Term Fate of Intelligent Beings. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 34 (2):239-261.score: 18.0
    Cosmology seems extremely remote from everyday human practice and experience. It is usually taken for granted that cosmological data cannot rationally influence our beliefs about the fate of humanity—and possible other intelligent species—except perhaps in the extremely distant future, when the issue of “heat death” (in an ever-expanding universe) becomes actual. Here, an attempt is made to show that it may become a practical question much sooner, if an intelligent community wishes to maximize its creative potential. We estimate, on (...)
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  15. Sergei Mareyev (2005). Cosmology of Mind. Studies in East European Thought 57 (3-4):249 - 259.score: 18.0
    In Il’enkov’s “Cosmology of mind,” written in his younger days in the tradition of Spinoza and Engels, the thinking mind appears as a necessary attribute of matter. Like all other main forms of matter in motion, the mind has its cosmic purpose and predestination. Il’enkov argued that it has to close the beginning and the end of the Big Cycle in order to return the dying Universe to its fiery youth. Il’enkov believed that this is the sole way to (...)
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  16. Marcelo Ayres Camurça (2012). Cosmologia e estrutura de longo curso do catolicismo na dinâmica da modernidade (Cosmology and long term structure of catholicism in the dynamics of modernity) - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2011v9n23p746. [REVIEW] Horizonte 9 (23):746-762.score: 18.0
    A tendência de uma sociologia do catolicismo contemporâneo no país nestes últimos anos foi de reduzi-lo a uma instituição política e social movida por interesses de poder no campo religioso e no espaço público, dispensando a mediação de sua cosmologia como pano de fundo de sua atuação. A partir do livro pioneiro de Roberto Romano (1976) que resgata o papel da cosmologia católica na sua intervenção pública, e seguindo os estudos de Sanchis (1994) e Steil (1996) que chamam a atenção (...)
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  17. Ioannis Kyriakakis (2012). Traditional African Religion, Cosmology and Christianity. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 11 (32):132-154.score: 18.0
    In this article I am applying the anthropological term of "cosmology" to the study of Christianity in order to place plural Christian settings under a wider methodological perspective. I am drawing on the findings of my fieldwork in Southwestern Ghana, where I met twelve different Christian denominations and five traditional healers operating in one village. I am sketching a concise image of the local Nzema cosmology and then I am launching an attempt to present its Christian equivalent. Informed (...)
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  18. James Wilberding (2006). Plotinus' Cosmology: A Study of Ennead Ii. Oxford University Press.score: 18.0
    In Ennead II.1 (40) Plotinus is primarily concerned to argue for the everlastingness of the universe, the heavens, and the heavenly bodies as individual substances. Here he must grapple both with the philosophical issue of personal identity through time and with the rich tradition of cosmology which pitted the Platonists against the Aristotelians and Stoics. What results is a historically informed cosmological sketch explaining the constitution of the heavens as well as sublunar and celestial motion. This book contains an (...)
     
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  19. Muḥammad ʻAlī Ḥājj Yūsuf (2008). Ibn ʻarabī - Time and Cosmology. Routledge.score: 18.0
    This book is the first comprehensive attempt to explain Ibn ‘Arabî’s distinctive view of time and its role in the process of creating the cosmos and its relation with the Creator. By comparing this original view with modern theories of physics and cosmology, Mohamed Haj Yousef constructs a new cosmological model that may deepen and extend our understanding of the world, while potentially solving some of the drawbacks in the current models such as the historical Zeno's paradoxes of motion (...)
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  20. A. Alyushin (2012). Depth as an Extra Spatial Dimension and its Implications for Cosmology and Gravity Theory. Axiomathes 22 (4):469-507.score: 16.0
    Abstract I develop the idea that there exists a special dimension of depth, or of scale. The depth dimension is physically real and extends from the bottom micro-level to the ultimate macro-level of the Universe. The depth dimension, or the scales axis, complements the standard three spatial dimensions. I discuss the tentative qualities of the depth dimension and the universal arrangement of matter along this dimension. I suggest that all matter in the Universe, at least in the present cosmological epoch, (...)
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  21. Dirk L. Couprie (2011). Heaven and Earth in Ancient Greek Cosmology: From Thales to Heraclides Ponticus. Springer.score: 16.0
    Exploring the decisive steps taken by Anaximander of Miletus, this book details the transition from the archaic cosmological world-picture of a flat earth with a celestial vault to the Western world-picture of a free floating earth in an ...
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  22. Mariska Leunissen (2009). Why Stars Have No Feet. Teleological Explanations in Aristotle’s Cosmology. In A. C. Bowen & C. Wildberg (eds.), New Perspectives on Aristotle’s De Caelo. Brill.score: 15.0
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  23. Colin McGinn (1993). Consciousness and Cosmology: Hyperdualism Ventilated. In Martin Davies & Glyn W. Humphreys (eds.), Consciousness: Psychological and Philosophical Essays. Blackwell.score: 15.0
     
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  24. Mohan Matthen (2001). Holistic Presuppositions of Aristotle's Cosmology. Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 20:171-199.score: 15.0
    Argues that Aristotle regarded the universe, or Totality, as a single substance with form and matter, and that he regarded this substance together with the Prime Mover as a self-mover.
     
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  25. John Leslie (2001). Infinite Minds: A Philosophical Cosmology. Oxford University Press.score: 15.0
    The cosmos exists just because of the ethical need for it We, and all the intricate structures of our universe, exist as thoughts in a divine mind that knows everything worth knowing. There could also be infinitely many other universes in this mind....It may be hard to believe that the universe is as Leslie says it is--but it is also hard to resist his compelling ideas and arguments.
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  26. Ian Richard Netton (1989). Allāh Transcendent: Studies in the Structure and Semiotics of Islamic Philosophy, Theology, and Cosmology. Routledge.score: 15.0
    Introduction THE FACES OF GOD How many faces has God? Egyptologists have wrestled with the problem over many years ...
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  27. Jane Geaney (2000). Chinese Cosmology and Recent Studies in Confucian Ethics: A Review Essay. [REVIEW] Journal of Religious Ethics 28 (3):449 - 470.score: 15.0
    Scholars of early Chinese philosophy frequently point to the nontranscendent, organismic conception of the cosmos in early China as the source of China's unique perspective and distinctive values. One would expect recent works in Confucian ethics to capitalize on this idea. Reviewing recent works in Confucian ethics by P. J. Ivanhoe, David Nivison, R. P. Peerenboom, Henry Rosemont, and Tu Wei-Ming, the author analyzes these new studies in terms of the extent to which their representation of Confucian ethics reflects and (...)
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  28. Nancey C. Murphy (1996). On the Moral Nature of the Universe: Theology, Cosmology, and Ethics. Fortress Press.score: 15.0
    Ellis and Murphy show how contemporary sciences actually support a religiously based ethic of nonviolence, not by appealing to the Enlightment's mechanismic ...
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  29. John G. Hartnett (2006). The Distance Modulus Determined From Carmeli's Cosmology Fits the Accelerating Universe Data of the High-Redshift Type Ia Supernovae Without Dark Matter. Foundations of Physics 36 (6):839-861.score: 15.0
    The velocity of the Hubble expansion has been added to General Relativity by Moshe Carmeli and this resulted in new equations of motion for the expanding universe. For the first time the observational magnitude–redshift data derived from the high-z supernova teams has been analysed in the framework of the Carmeli theory and the fit to that theory is achieved without the inclusion of any dark matter. Best fits to the data yield an averaged matter density for the universe at the (...)
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  30. Andrew Gregory (2013). Parmenides, Cosmology and Sufficient Reason. Apeiron (1):1-32.score: 15.0
    Journal Name: Apeiron Issue: Ahead of print.
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  31. Elias Okon & Daniel Sudarsky (2014). Benefits of Objective Collapse Models for Cosmology and Quantum Gravity. Foundations of Physics 44 (2):114-143.score: 15.0
  32. Richard D. Mohr (1985). The Platonic Cosmology. E.J. Brill.score: 15.0
    INTRODUCTION: THEMES AND THESES Spurred by the unanticipated discovery in of a uniform background radiation throughout the universe — a ghostly vestige of ...
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  33. M. Patrice McCarthy (2011). Bruteau's Philosophy of Spiritual Evolution and Consciousness: Foundation for a Nursing Cosmology. Nursing Philosophy 12 (1):67-75.score: 15.0
  34. Richard Chace Tolman (1934). Relativity, Thermodynamics and Cosmology. Oxford, the Clarendon Press.score: 15.0
    A distinguished American physicist and teacher delivers a landmark study thatdevelops three essential scientific themes on each subject.
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  35. William C. Chittick (2007). Science of the Cosmos, Science of the Soul: The Pertinence of Islamic Cosmology in the Modern World. Oneworld.score: 15.0
    A vanishing heritage -- Intellectual knowledge -- The rehabilitation of thought -- Beyond ideology -- The unseen men -- The anthropocosmic vision -- The search for meaning.
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  36. Reginald O. Kapp (1960). Towards a Unified Cosmology. London, Hutchinson.score: 15.0
    Excerpts: The wider the range of a piece of research the less adequately can any one worker deal with each of its specialized aspects.
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  37. Kala Acharya, Nicholas Manca & Lalita Namjoshi (eds.) (1999). A Dialogue: Hindu-Christian Cosmology and Religion. Somaiya Publications.score: 15.0
  38. Peter Barker (2008). Stoic alternatives to Aristotelian cosmology : Pena, Rothmann and Brahe. Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 2:265-286.score: 15.0
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  39. Thomas Mary Berry, Anne Lonergan, Caroline Richards & Gregory Baum (eds.) (1987). Thomas Berry and the New Cosmology. Twenty-Third Publications.score: 15.0
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  40. Siva Sadhan Bhattacharjee (1978). The Hindu Theory of Cosmology: An Introduction to the Hindu View of Man and His Universe. Bani Prakashani.score: 15.0
     
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  41. R. Blackhirst (2008). Primordial Alchemy & Modern Religion: Essays on Traditional Cosmology. Sophia Perennis.score: 15.0
     
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  42. Judy Cannato (2010). Field of Compassion: How the New Cosmology is Transforming Spiritual Life. Sorin Books.score: 15.0
    Introduction -- The significance of story -- Morphogenic fields -- The universe story and Christian story -- Morphic resonance : two stories converge -- The "kingdom of God" -- Emerging capacities -- Meditation -- The power of intention -- The fields converge -- A field of compassion -- Manifesting a field of compassion -- Engaging the grace we imagine.
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  43. Kenneth F. Dougherty (1965). Cosmology. Peekskill, N.Y.,Graymoor Press.score: 15.0
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  44. Kenneth F. Dougherty (1956). Cosmology. Peekskill, N.Y.,Graymoor Press.score: 15.0
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  45. Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem (1985). Medieval Cosmology: Theories of Infinity, Place, Time, Void, and the Plurality of Worlds. University of Chicago Press.score: 15.0
  46. Leo Albert Foley (1962). Cosmology, Philosophical and Scientific. Milwaukee, Bruce Pub. Co..score: 15.0
     
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  47. George Edwin Frost (1957). Cosmology and Continuity of Life. New York, Exposition Press.score: 15.0
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  48. Paul J. Glenn (1939). Cosmology. St. Louis, Mo.,And London, B. Herder Book Co..score: 15.0
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  49. M. K. Haldar (1972). Studies in Whitehead's Cosmology. Delhi,Atma Ram.score: 15.0
  50. John B. Henderson (1984). The Development and Decline of Chinese Cosmology. Columbia University Press.score: 15.0
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