Search results for 'Cosmology History' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  5
    in Wang Fuzhi’S. Cosmology (2001). Is Human History Predestined. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 28:321-337.
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  2.  58
    Helge Kragh (2009). Contemporary History of Cosmology and the Controversy Over the Multiverse. Annals of Science 66 (4):529-551.
    Cosmology has always been different from other areas of the natural sciences. Although an observationally supported standard model of the universe emerged in the 1960s, more speculative models and conceptions continued to attract attention. During the last decade, ideas of multiple universes based on anthropic reasoning have become very popular among cosmologists and theoretical physicists. This had led to a major debate within the scientific community of the epistemic standards of modern cosmology. Is the multiverse a scientific hypothesis, (...)
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  3.  34
    Helge S. Kragh (2006). Conceptions of Cosmos: From Myths to the Accelerating Universe: A History of Cosmology. OUP Oxford.
    This book presents the history of how the universe at large became the object of scientific understanding. Starting with the ancient creation myths, it offers an integrated and comprehensive account of cosmology that covers all major events from Aristotle's Earth-centred cosmos to the recent discovery of the accelearting universe.
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  4.  69
    Jeeloo Liu (2001). Is Human History Predestined in Wang Fuzhi's Cosmology? Journal of Chinese Philosophy 28 (3):321–338.
    In traditional Chinese cosmology, this pattern could be very well explained in terms of the fluctuation of yin and yang, or as the natural order of Heaven. This cosmological explanation fits natural history well. There are natural phenomena such as floods, draughts, hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes, etc., that are beyond human control. These events have their determining factors. Once those factors are present, a natural disaster, however unfavorably viewed by humans, is doomed to take place. The view that natural (...)
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  5. Helge S. Kragh (2013). Conceptions of Cosmos: From Myths to the Accelerating Universe: A History of Cosmology. OUP Oxford.
    This book presents the history of how the universe at large became the object of scientific understanding. Starting with the ancient creation myths, it offers an integrated and comprehensive account of cosmology that covers all major events from Aristotle's Earth-centred cosmos to the recent discovery of the accelerating universe.
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  6. Helge S. Kragh (2006). Conceptions of Cosmos: From Myths to the Accelerating Universe: A History of Cosmology. Oxford University Press Uk.
    This book is a historical account of how natural philosophers and scientists have endeavoured to understand the universe at large, first in a mythical and later in a scientific context. Starting with the creation stories of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, the book covers all the major events in theoretical and observational cosmology, from Aristotle's cosmos over the Copernican revolution to the discovery of the accelerating universe in the late 1990s. It presents cosmology as a subject including scientific as (...)
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  7.  32
    George Fr Ellis (1989). The Expanding Universe: A History of Cosmology From 1917 to 1960. In D. Howard & John Stachel (eds.), Einstein and the History of General Relativity. Birkhäuser 367-431.
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  8. G. F. R. Ellis (1989). A History of Cosmology 1917-1955. In D. Howard & John Stachel (eds.), Einstein and the History of General Relativity. Birkhäuser 367--431.
  9.  6
    Dorothea Frede (1972). Law of Falling Bodies and Concept of Mass. Two Investigations in the History of Science on the Cosmology of John Philoponus. Philosophy and History 5 (2):173-175.
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  10. James Evans (2008). Revolutionaries of the Cosmos: The Astro-PhysicistsConceptions of Cosmos: From Myths to the Accelerating Universe: A History of Cosmology. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 99:599-600.
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  11. Cardinal Mercier (2013). Volume I: Cosmology, Psychology, Epistemology, Ontology; Volume Ii: Natural Theology, Logic, Ethics, History of Philosophy. Editiones Scholasticae.
    Cardinal Mercier’s Manual of Modern Scholastic Philosophy is a standard work, prepared at the Higher Institute of Philosophy, Louvain, mainly for the use of clerical students in Catholic Seminaries. Though undoubtedly elementary, it contains a clear, simple, and methodological exposition of the principles and problems of every department of philosophy, and its appeal is not to any particular class, but broadly human and universal. Volume II contains sections on natural theology, logic, ethics and outlines of the history of philosophy.
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  12. Robert Smith (1984). Frame of the Universe: A History of Physical Cosmology by Frank Durham; Robert D. Purrington. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 75:593-593.
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  13. Mari Williams (1995). The Fontana History of Astronomy and Cosmology. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 28 (2):233-234.
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  14.  74
    J. Agassi (1958). Review: Koyré on the History of Cosmology. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 9 (35):234 - 245.
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  15. J. Agassi (1958). Koyré on the History of Cosmology. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 9 (35):234-245.
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  16.  4
    L. Goldstein (2006). A Non-Theistic Cosmology and Natural History. Analysis 66 (3):256-260.
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  17.  67
    Laurence Goldstein (2006). A Non-Theistic Cosmology and Natural History. Analysis 66 (291):256–260.
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  18.  20
    F. Jamil Ragep (1990). Duhem, the Arabs, and the History of Cosmology. Synthese 83 (2):201 - 214.
    Duhem has generally been understood to have maintained that the major Greek astronomers were instrumentalists. This view has emerged mainly from a reading of his 1908 publication To Save the Phenomena. In it he sharply contrasted a sophisticated Greek interpretation of astronomical models (for Duhem this was that they were mathematical contrivances) with a naive insistence of the Arabs on their concrete reality. But in Le Système du monde, which began to appear in 1913, Duhem modified his views on Greek (...)
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  19.  7
    Guido Vanheeswicjk (1998). Collingwood and A.N. Whitehead on Metaphysics, History, and Cosmology. Process Studies 27 (3-4):215-236.
  20.  1
    Guido Vanheeswijck (1998). RG Collingwood and AN Whitehead on Metaphysics, Cosmology and History. Process Studies 27 (3-4):215-236.
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  21.  1
    Natalia Lozovsky (2008). Bruce S. Eastwood, Ordering the Heavens: Roman Astronomy and Cosmology in the Carolingian Renaissance.(History of Science and Medicine Library, 4; Medieval and Early Modern Science, 8.) Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2007. Pp. Xxiii, 452; Many Black-and-White Figures and Tables.€ 99. [REVIEW] Speculum 83 (3):692-694.
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  22. R. G. Guido Vanheeswicjk (1998). Collingwood and A.N. Whitehead on Metaphysics, History, and Cosmology. Process Studies 27 (3/4):215-236.
  23. M. Heller (1968). J. D. North, The Measure of the Universe. A History of Modern Cosmology. Roczniki Filozoficzne 16 (3):143.
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  24. J. Krob (1993). Anthropocentrism in History and Contemporary Cosmology. Filosoficky Casopis 41 (5):858-868.
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  25. Hideki Nozawa (ed.) (1986). Cosmology, Epistemology, and the History of Geography. Institute of Geography, Faculty of Letters, Kyushu University.
  26. N. M. Wildiers (1982). The Theologian and His Universe: Theology and Cosmology From the Middle Ages to the Present. Seabury Press.
  27. Angela Tilby (1992/1993). Soul: God, Self, and the New Cosmology. Doubleday.
  28. Hiro Hirai (ed.) (2008). Cornelius Gemma: Cosmology, Medicine, and Natural Philosophy in Renaissance Louvain. Serra.
     
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  29. Paul Henri Michel (1973). The Cosmology of Giordano Bruno. Ithaca, N.Y.,Cornell University Press.
  30. Roy E. Peacock (1990). A Brief History of Eternity. Crossway Books.
     
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  31. H. G. Quaritch Wales (1977). The Universe Around Them: Cosmology and Cosmic Renewal in Indianized South-East Asia. A. Probsthain.
  32.  48
    Rémi Brague (2003). The Wisdom of the World: The Human Experience of the Universe in Western Thought. University of Chicago Press.
    When the ancient Greeks looked up into the heavens, they saw not just sun and moon, stars and planets, but a complete, coherent universe, a model of the Good that could serve as a guide to a better life. How this view of the world came to be, and how we lost it (or turned away from it) on the way to becoming modern, make for a fascinating story, told in a highly accessible manner by Remi Brague in this wide-ranging (...)
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  33.  7
    Robert J. O'Hara (2006). Essay-Review of Christian's 'Maps of Time: An Introduction to Big History'. [REVIEW] International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 20 (1): 117–120.
    This well-written volume is an introduction, not to world history, but to the special genre of "Big History," as the subtitle indicates. Christian and his fellow big historians, reacting against popular scepticism toward "master narratives," seek to create a new class of grand works that incorporate not only the history of human society, but also of the Earth, its life, and the universe as a whole. Specialists in any of the fields covered by the volume may find (...)
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  34. Christopher Potter (2009). You Are Here: A Portable History of the Universe. Harpercollins Publishers.
    You Are Here is a dazzling exploration of the universe and our relationship to it, as seen through the lens of today's most cutting-edge scientific thinking. Christopher Potter brilliantly parses the meaning of what we call the universe. He tells the story of how something evolved from nothing and how something became everything. What does a material description of everything and nothing look like? What is it that science does when it describes a reality that is made out of (...)
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  35.  3
    John B. Henderson (1984). The Development and Decline of Chinese Cosmology. Columbia University Press.
  36.  6
    S. K. Heninger (1974). Touches of Sweet Harmony: Pythagorean Cosmology and Renaissance Poetics. Huntington Library.
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  37.  1
    Arran Gare (2005). Mathematics, Explanation and Reductionism: Exposing the Roots of the Egyptianism of European Civilization. Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 1 (1):54-89.
    We have reached the peculiar situation where the advance of mainstream science has required us to dismiss as unreal our own existence as free, creative agents, the very condition of there being science at all. Efforts to free science from this dead-end and to give a place to creative becoming in the world have been hampered by unexamined assumptions about what science should be, assumptions which presuppose that if creative becoming is explained, it will be explained away as an illusion. (...)
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  38.  12
    Dirk L. Couprie (2011). Heaven and Earth in Ancient Greek Cosmology: From Thales to Heraclides Ponticus. Springer.
    Exploring the decisive steps taken by Anaximander of Miletus, this book details the transition from the archaic cosmological world-picture of a flat earth with a celestial vault to the Western world-picture of a free floating earth in an ...
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  39.  5
    David Christian (2010). The Return of Universal History. History and Theory 49 (4):6-27.
    The prediction defended in this paper is that over the next fifty years we will see a return of the ancient tradition of “universal history”; but this will be a new form of universal history that is global in its practice and scientific in its spirit and methods. Until the end of the nineteenth century, universal history of some kind seems to have been present in most historiographical traditions. Then it vanished as historians became disillusioned with the (...)
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  40.  1
    Aviezer Tucker (2010). Where Do We Go From Here? Jubilee Report on History and Theory. History and Theory 49 (4):64-84.
    Progress in understanding, clarifying, forming, and devising methods for analyzing, eliminating, or resolving the problems of the philosophies of history and historiography requires integration with other branches of philosophy such as metaphysics, epistemology, the philosophy of science, the philosophy of mind, and ethics. Conversely, mainstream philosophical theories would benefit from confronting the problems of the philosophies of history and historiography. Solving the problems of the philosophies of historiography and history requires considering historiography as continuous with philosophy.This approach (...)
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  41.  28
    Richard Tarnas (2006). Cosmos and Psyche: Intimations of a New World View. Viking.
    Richard Tarnas’s The Passion of the Western Mind —acclaimed by leading voices in philosophy, religion, psychology, and history—sets the stage for this major work, thirty years in the making, that dramatically reframes our understanding of the universe in the light of extraordinary new evidence. Cosmos and Psyche is the first book by a widely respected scholar to demonstrate the existence of a consistent correspondence between planetary movements and the unfolding drama of human history. A vast and impressive body (...)
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  42.  93
    David Craig & Parampreet Singh (2011). Consistent Histories in Quantum Cosmology. Foundations of Physics 41 (3):371-379.
    We illustrate the crucial role played by decoherence (consistency of quantum histories) in extracting consistent quantum probabilities for alternative histories in quantum cosmology. Specifically, within a Wheeler-DeWitt quantization of a flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker cosmological model sourced with a free massless scalar field, we calculate the probability that the universe is singular in the sense that it assumes zero volume. Classical solutions of this model are a disjoint set of expanding and contracting singular branches. A naive assessment of the behavior of (...)
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  43.  91
    Ernst Cassirer (1963/2000). The Individual and the Cosmos in Renaissance Philosophy. Dover Publications.
    This thought-provoking classic investigates how the Renaissance spirit fundamentally questioned and undermined medieval thought. Of value to students of literature, political theory, history of religious and Reformation thought, and the history of science.
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  44.  5
    Ioannis Kyriakakis (2012). Traditional African Religion, Cosmology and Christianity. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 11 (32):132-154.
    In this article I am applying the anthropological term of "cosmology" to the study of Christianity in order to place plural Christian settings under a wider methodological perspective. I am drawing on the findings of my fieldwork in Southwestern Ghana, where I met twelve different Christian denominations and five traditional healers operating in one village. I am sketching a concise image of the local Nzema cosmology and then I am launching an attempt to present its Christian equivalent. Informed (...)
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  45. David Christian (2008). Big History. Teaching Co..
    Part 1. Lecture 1. What is big history? ; Lecture 2. Moving across multiple scales ; Lecture 3. Simplicity and complexity ; Lecture 4. Evidence and the nature of science ; Lecture 5. Threshold 1, Origins of Big Bang cosmology ; Lecture 6. How did everything begin? ; Lecture 7. Threshold 2, The first stars and galaxies ; Lecture 8. Threshold 3, Making chemical elements ; Lecture 9. Threshold 4, The earth and the solar system ; Lecture 10. (...)
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  46.  16
    Aihe Wang (2000). Cosmology and Political Culture in Early China. Cambridge University Press.
    This radical reinterpretation of the formative stages of Chinese culture and history traces the central role played by cosmology in the formation of China's early empires. It crosses the disciplines of history, social anthropology, archaeology, and philosophy to illustrate how cosmological systems, particularly the Five Elements, shaped political culture. By focusing on dynamic change in early cosmology, the book undermines the notion that Chinese cosmology was homogenous and unchanging. By arguing that cosmology was intrinsic (...)
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  47. Ernan McMullin (1993). Indifference Principle and Anthropic Principle in Cosmology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 24 (3):359-389.
    The successes scored by the big bang model of cosmic evolution in the 1960’s led to an intensive application of quantum theory to the problem of how the expansion might have begun and what its likely first stages were. It seemed as though an incredibly precise setting of the initial conditions would have been needed in order that a long-lived galactic universe containing heavy elements might develop. One response was to suppose that the fine-tuning could somehow be explained by the (...)
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  48.  45
    Jeremy Butterfield (2014). On Under-Determination in Cosmology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 46 (1):57-69.
    I discuss how modern cosmology illustrates under-determination of theoretical hypotheses by data, in ways that are different from most philosophical discussions. I emphasise cosmology's concern with what data could in principle be collected by a single observer ; and I give a broadly sceptical discussion of cosmology's appeal to the cosmological principle as a way of breaking the under-determination .I confine most of the discussion to the history of the observable universe from about one second after (...)
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  49. Yuri Balashov (1994). Uniformitarianism in Cosmology: Background and Philosophical Implications of the Steady-State Theory. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (6):933-958.
    Philosophical considerations have been essentially involved in the origin and development of the steady-state cosmological theory (SST). These considerations include an explicit uniformitarian methodology and implicit metaphysical views concerning the status of natural laws in a changing universe. I shall examine the foundations of SST by reconstructing its early history. Whereas the strong uniformitarian methodology of SST found no support in the subsequent development of cosmology, the idea of a possible influence the global structure of the universe may (...)
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  50.  1
    Stephen Edelston Toulmin (1965/1983). The Discovery of Time. Octagon Books.
    "A discussion of the historical development of our ideas of time as they relate to nature, human nature and society. . . . The excellence of The Discovery of Time is unquestionable."--Martin Lebowitz, The Kenyon Review.
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