Search results for 'Creative ability in science' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. National Committee for Research Ethics in Science & Technology (2009). Guidelines for Research Ethics in Science and Technology. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 14 (1).score: 525.0
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  2. Denis Dutton & Michael Krausz (eds.) (1981). The Concept of Creativity in Science and Art. Distributors for the U.S. And Canada, Kluwer Boston.score: 157.5
  3. Arthur I. Miller (1996/2000). Insights of Genius: Imagery and Creativity in Science and Art. Mit Press.score: 157.5
  4. Tord H. Ganelius (ed.) (1986). Progress in Science and its Social Conditions: Nobel Symposium 58, Held at Lidingö, Sweden, 15-19 August 1983. Published for the Nobel Foundation by Pergamon Press.score: 142.5
  5. Gregor Wolbring & Natalie Ball (2012). Nanoscale Science and Technology and People with Disabilities in Asia: An Ability Expectation Analysis. [REVIEW] Nanoethics 6 (2):127-135.score: 132.0
    Science and technology, including nanoscale science and technology, influences and is influenced by various discourses and areas of action. Ableism is one concept and ability expectation is one dynamic that impacts the direction, vision, and application of nanoscale science and technology and vice versa. At the same time, policy documents that involve or relate to disabled people exhibit ability expectations of disabled people. The authors present ability expectations exhibited within two science and technology (...)
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  6. Pradip Kumar Sengupta (1995). Science, Language, and Creativity. Progressive Publishers.score: 120.0
  7. B. van Norren (1976). Original and Derived Creativity in Scientific Thinking. Afdelingen Voor Sociale Wetenschappen Aan De Landbouwhogeschool.score: 120.0
  8. L. Briskman (1981). Creative Product and Creative Process in Science and Art. In Denis Dutton & Michael Krausz (eds.), The Concept of Creativity in Science and Art. Distributors for the U.S. And Canada, Kluwer Boston. 83 – 106.score: 118.8
    The main aim of this essay is to propose and develop a product?oriented, non?psychologistic, approach to scientific and artistic creativity. I first argue that the central problem is that of answering the question: how is creativity possible? Traditional approaches to this question tend to locate creativity primarily in some special psychological processes or traits, or in some special creative act. Some general arguments against such an approach are developed, and it is suggested that creativity ought primarily to be located (...)
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  9. John Beloff (1970). Creative Thinking in Art and in Science. British Journal of Aesthetics 10 (1):58-70.score: 114.0
    Two questions are examined (a) the differences between creative and uncreative individuals and (b) the differences between artists and scientists. It is concluded that while divergent thinking is a necessary feature of the creative process alike in art and in science the scientific intellect exemplifies more the convergent type. Contrary to what most authorities have said it is here argued that creativity depends more upon the presence of a certain inborn flair than upon personality dynamics.
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  10. David Bohm (1996/2004). On Creativity. Routledge.score: 111.0
    Creativity is fundamental to human experience. In On Creativity David Bohm, the world-renowned scientist, investigates the phenomenon from all sides. This is a remarkable and life-affirming book by one of the most far-sighted thinkers of modern.
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  11. Helmut Veil (2010). Geistesblitz Und Kühne Vermutung: Eine Historische Studie Zur Spekulation in den Naturwissenschaften: Ptolemäus, Cusanus, Fracastorius, Stahl, Yukawa. Humanities Online.score: 111.0
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  12. David Bohm (2003). The Essential David Bohm. Routledge.score: 105.0
    There are few scientists of the twentieth century whose life's work has created more excitement and controversy than that of physicist David Bohm (1917-1992). Exploring the philosophical implication of both physics and consciousness, Bohm's penchant for questioning scientific and social orthodoxy was the expression of a rare and maverick intelligence. For Bohm, the world of matter and the experience of consciousness were two aspects of a more fundamental process he called the implicate order. Without a working sensibility of what this (...)
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  13. Elena Bougleux & Raffaella Trigona (eds.) (2009). Percorsi Creativi E Compresenze Immaginarie: Riflessioni Epistemologiche Ed Antropologiche Sulla Multidisciplinarietà. Guaraldi.score: 102.0
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  14. Gyō Takeda (2004). Nō Wa Butsurigaku o Ikani Tsukuru No Ka. Iwanami Shoten.score: 102.0
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  15. Larry Briskman (1980). Creative Product and Creative Process in Science and Art. Inquiry 23 (1):83 – 106.score: 100.3
    The main aim of this essay is to propose and develop a product?oriented, non?psychologistic, approach to scientific and artistic creativity. I first argue that the central problem is that of answering the question: how is creativity possible? Traditional approaches to this question tend to locate creativity primarily in some special psychological processes or traits, or in some special creative act. Some general arguments against such an approach are developed, and it is suggested that creativity ought primarily to be located (...)
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  16. Carl A. Rubino (2000). The Politics of Certainty: Conceptions of Science in an Age of Uncertainty. Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (4):499-508.score: 93.0
    The prestige of science, derived from its claims to certainty, has adversely affected the humanities. There is, in fact, a “politics of certainty”. Our ability to predict events in a limited sphere has been idealized, engendering dangerous illusions about our power to control nature and eliminate time. In addition, the perception and propagation of science as a bearer of certainty has served to legitimate harmful forms of social, sexual, and political power. Yet, as Ilya Prigogine has argued, (...)
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  17. Vuk Uskoković (2010). Major Challenges for the Modern Chemistry in Particular and Science in General. Foundations of Science 15 (4):303-344.score: 93.0
    In the past few hundred years, science has exerted an enormous influence on the way the world appears to human observers. Despite phenomenal accomplishments of science, science nowadays faces numerous challenges that threaten its continued success. As scientific inventions become embedded within human societies, the challenges are further multiplied. In this critical review, some of the critical challenges for the field of modern chemistry are discussed, including: (a) interlinking theoretical knowledge and experimental approaches; (b) implementing the principles (...)
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  18. Austin L. Porterfield (1941). Creative Factors in Scientific Research; a Social Psychology of Scientific Knowledge, Studying the Interplay of Psychological and Cultural Factors in Science with Emphasis Upon Imagination. Durham, N.C.,Duke University Press.score: 91.5
     
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  19. Albert Rothenberg (1987). Einstein, Bohr, and Creative Thinking in Science. History of Science 25 (68):147-166.score: 90.8
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  20. Mike W. Martin (2006). Moral Creativity in Science and Engineering. Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (3):421-433.score: 89.0
    Creativity in science and engineering has moral significance and deserves attention within professional ethics, in at least three areas. First, much scientific and technological creativity constitutes moral creativity because it generates moral benefits, is motivated by moral concern, and manifests virtues such as beneficence, courage, and perseverance. Second, creativity contributes to the meaning that scientists and engineers derive from their work, thereby connecting with virtues such as authenticity and also faults arising from Faustian trade-offs. Third, morally creative leadership (...)
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  21. Wolfgang Achtner (2005). Infinity in Science and Religion. The Creative Role of Thinking About Infinity. Neue Zeitschrift Für Systematische Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 47 (4):392-411.score: 88.5
    This article discusses the history of the concepts of potential infinity and actual infinity in the context of Christian theology, mathematical thinking and metaphysical reasoning. It shows that the structure of Ancient Greek rationality could not go beyond the concept of potential infinity, which is highlighted in Aristotle's metaphysics. The limitations of the metaphysical mind of ancient Greece were overcome through Christian theology and its concept of the infinite God, as formulated in Gregory of Nyssa's theology. That is how the (...)
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  22. Max Schoen (1942). Creative Experience in Science and Art. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 1 (4):22-32.score: 87.8
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  23. L. Magnani (ed.) (2006). Abduction, Practical Reasoning, and Creative Inferences in Science. Oxford University Press.score: 87.8
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  24. Pd Wolfgang Achtner (2005). Infinity in Science and Religion. The Creative Role of Thinking About Infinity. Neue Zeitschrift für Systematische Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 47 (4).score: 85.5
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  25. K. Popper (1989). Creative Self-Criticism in Science and in Art. Diogenes 37 (145):36-45.score: 85.5
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  26. Matthew J. Brown (2014). Values in Science Beyond Underdetermination and Inductive Risk. Philosophy of Science 80 (5):829-839.score: 84.0
    Proponents of the value ladenness of science rely primarily on arguments from underdetermination or inductive risk, which share the premise that we should only consider values where the evidence runs out or leaves uncertainty; they adopt a criterion of lexical priority of evidence over values. The motivation behind lexical priority is to avoid reaching conclusions on the basis of wishful thinking rather than good evidence. This is a real concern, however, that giving lexical priority to evidential considerations over values (...)
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  27. Ulianov Montano (2013). Beauty in Science: A New Model of the Role of Aesthetic Evaluations in Science. [REVIEW] European Journal for Philosophy of Science 3 (2):133-156.score: 84.0
    In Beauty and Revolution in Science, James McAllister advances a rationalistic picture of science in which scientific progress is explained in terms of aesthetic evaluations of scientific theories. Here I present a new model of aesthetic evaluations by revising McAllister’s core idea of the aesthetic induction. I point out that the aesthetic induction suffers from anomalies and theoretical inconsistencies and propose a model free from such problems. The new model is based, on the one hand, on McAllister’s original (...)
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  28. Valerie E. Lee & David T. Burkam (1996). Gender Differences in Middle Grade Science Achievement: Subject Domain, Ability Level, and Course Emphasis. Science Education 80 (6):613-650.score: 84.0
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  29. Janet Atkinson-Grosjean & Cory Fairley (2009). Moral Economies in Science: From Ideal to Pragmatic. Minerva 47 (2):147-170.score: 81.0
    In the following pages we discuss three historical cases of moral economies in science: Drosophila genetics, late twentieth century American astronomy, and collaborations between American drug companies and medical scientists in the interwar years. An examination of the most striking differences and similarities between these examples, and the conflicts internal to them, reveals constitutive features of moral economies, and the ways in which they are formed, negotiated, and altered. We critically evaluate these three examples through the filters of rational (...)
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  30. Karl-Heinz Pohl, Anselm W. Müller Leiden, Numbers From Han, Kwok Siu Tong, Chan Sin, Joshua W. C. Cutler & Imagining Karma (2003). Advaita Vedanta. Edited by R. Balasubramanian. Volume II, Part 2 of History of Science, Philosophy and Culture in Indian Civilization, Edited by DP Chatto-Padhyaya. New Delhi: Centre for Studies in Civilizations, 2000. Pp. Xxiii+ 417. Price Not Given. Aesthetics & Chaos: Investigating a Creative Complicity. Edited by Grazia March. [REVIEW] Philosophy East and West 53 (4):618-619.score: 81.0
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  31. Gibson Winter (1973). Human Science and Ethics in a Creative Society. Philosophy and Social Criticism 1 (1):145-176.score: 81.0
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  32. Henry Corbin (1998). Alone with the Alone: Creative Imagination in the Ṣūfism of Ibn ʻarabī. Princeton University Press.score: 79.5
    "Henry Corbin's works are the best guide to the visionary tradition.... Corbin, like Scholem and Jonas, is remembered as a scholar of genius. He was uniquely equipped not only to recover Iranian Sufism for the West, but also to defend the principal Western traditions of esoteric spirituality."--From the introduction by Harold Bloom Ibn 'Arabi (1165-1240) was one of the great mystics of all time. Through the richness of his personal experience and the constructive power of his intellect, he made a (...)
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  33. Richard Creath (2010). The Role of History in Science. Journal of the History of Biology 43 (2):207 - 214.score: 79.5
    The case often made by scientists (and philosophers) against history and the history of science in particular is clear. Insofar as a field of study is historical as opposed to law-based, it is trivial. Insofar as a field attends to the past of science as opposed to current scientific issues, its efforts are derivative and, by diverting attention from acquiring new knowledge, deplorable. This case would be devastating if true, but it has almost everything almost exactly wrong. The (...)
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  34. Sven Ove Hansson (2007). Values in Pure and Applied Science. Foundations of Science 12 (3):257-268.score: 78.0
    In pure science, the standard approach to non-epistemic values is to exclude them as far as possible from scientific deliberations. When science is applied to practical decisions, non-epistemic values cannot be excluded. Instead, they have to be combined with (value-deprived) scientific information in a way that leads to practically optimal decisions. A normative model is proposed for the processing of information in both pure and applied science. A general-purpose corpus of scientific knowledge, with high entry requirements, has (...)
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  35. Daniel Saunders & Paul Thagard, Creativity in Computer Science.score: 78.0
    Computer science only became established as a field in the 1950s, growing out of theoretical and practical research begun in the previous two decades. The field has exhibited immense creativity, ranging from innovative hardware such as the early mainframes to software breakthroughs such as programming languages and the Internet. Martin Gardner worried that "it would be a sad day if human beings, adjusting to the Computer Revolution, became so intellectually lazy that they lost their power of creative thinking" (...)
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  36. K. Brad Wray (2005). Creativity in Science: Chance, Logic, Genius.. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 72 (4):656-658.score: 77.0
    This is a book review of Dean Simonton's Creativity in Science.
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  37. Karen François (2011). In-Between Science and Politics. Foundations of Science 16 (2):161-171.score: 75.0
    This paper gives a philosophical outline of the initial foundations of politics as presented in the work of Plato and argues why this traditional philosophical approach can no longer serve as the foundation of politics. The argumentation is mainly based on the work of Latour (1993, 1997, 1999a, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2008) and consists of five parts. In the first section I elaborate on the initial categorization of politics and science as represented by Plato in his Republic. In the (...)
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  38. Sharyn Clough (forthcoming). Pragmatism and Embodiment as Resources for Feminist Interventions in Science. Contemporary Pragmatism Vol. 10 (2).score: 75.0
    Feminist theorists have shown that knowledge is embodied in ways that make a difference in science. Intemann properly endorses feminist standpoint theory over Longino’s empiricism, insofar as the former better addresses embodiment. I argue that a pragmatist analysis further improves standpoint theory: Pragmatism avoids the radical subjectivity that otherwise leaves us unable to account for our ability to share scientific knowledge across bodies of different kinds; and it allows us to argue for the inclusion, not just of the (...)
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  39. N. Tosh (2003). Anachronism and Retrospective Explanation: In Defence of a Present-Centred History of Science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 34 (3):647-659.score: 75.0
    This paper defends the right of historians to make use of their knowledge of the remote consequences of past actions. In particular, it is argued that the disciplinary cohesion of the history of science relies crucially upon our ability to target, for further investigation, those past activities ancestral to modern science. The history of science is not limited to the study of those activities but it is structured around them. In this sense, the discipline is inherently (...)
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  40. Kristian Camilleri (2014). Toward a Constructivist Epistemology of Thought Experiments in Science. Synthese 191 (8):1697-1716.score: 75.0
    This paper presents a critical analysis of Tamar Szabó Gendler’s view of thought experiments, with the aim of developing further a constructivist epistemology of thought experiments in science. While the execution of a thought experiment cannot be reduced to standard forms of inductive and deductive inference, in the process of working though a thought experiment, a logical argument does emerge and take shape. Taking Gendler’s work as a point of departure, I argue that performing a thought experiment involves a (...)
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  41. Rein Vihalemm & Peeter Müürsepp (2007). Philosophy of Science in Estonia. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 38 (1):167 - 191.score: 75.0
    This paper presents a survey of the philosophy of science in Estonia. Topics covered include the historical background (science at the 17th century Academia Gustaviana, in the 19th century, during the Soviet period) and an overview of the current situation and main areas of research (the problem of demarcation, a critique of the traditional understandings of science, φ-science, classical and non-classical science, the philosophy of chemistry, the problem of induction, the sociology of scientific knowledge, semiotics (...)
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  42. Andrew Brook (2009). Introduction: Philosophy in and Philosophy of Cognitive Science. Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (2):216-230.score: 75.0
    Despite being there from the beginning, philosophical approaches have never had a settled place in cognitive research and few cognitive researchers not trained in philosophy have a clear sense of what its role has been or should be. We distinguish philosophy in cognitive research and philosophy of cognitive research. Concerning philosophy in cognitive research, after exploring some standard reactions to this work by nonphilosophers, we will pay particular attention to the methods that philosophers use. Being neither experimental nor computational, they (...)
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  43. Heather Douglas (2010). Engagement for Progress: Applied Philosophy of Science in Context. Synthese 177 (3):317-335.score: 75.0
    Philosophy of science was once a much more socially engaged endeavor, and can be so again. After a look back at philosophy of science in the 1930s-1950s, I turn to discuss the current potential for returning to a more engaged philosophy of science. Although philosophers of science have much to offer scientists and the public, I am skeptical that much can be gained by philosophers importing off-the-shelf discussions from philosophy of science to science and (...)
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  44. R. Harré (1981). Creativity in Science. In Denis Dutton & Michael Krausz (eds.), The Concept of Creativity in Science and Art. Distributors for the U.S. And Canada, Kluwer Boston.score: 74.0
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  45. Vincent Fella Hendricks, Arne Jakobsen & Stig Andur Pedersen (2000). Identification of Matrices in Science and Engineering. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 31 (2):277-305.score: 73.5
    Engineering science is a scientific discipline that from the point of view of epistemology and the philosophy of science has been somewhat neglected. When engineering science was under philosophical scrutiny it often just involved the question of whether engineering is a spin-off of pure and applied science and their methods. We, however, hold that engineering is a science governed by its own epistemology, methodology and ontology. This point is systematically argued by comparing the different sciences (...)
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  46. Ellen Handler Spitz (2014). Snapshots of Childhood Creativity in Science, Music, and Art: Richard Feynman, Clara Schumann, and René Magritte. Journal of Aesthetic Education 47 (4):1-13.score: 73.0
    This essay is prompted, in part, by a spate of alarmist articles in the media over the past several years concerning what journalists have called "the creativity crisis,"2 articles claiming, in other words, that American creativity is in decline. A corresponding call has arisen to seek remedies and determine how creativity might be fostered in the lives of children so as to stem the tide of this (alleged) decline. While taking these dramatic concerns and pronouncements cum grano salis, this article (...)
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  47. Yiftach Fehige (2013). Poems of Productive Imagination: Thought Experiments, Christianity, and Science in Novalis. Neue Zeitschrift für Systematische Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 55 (1):54-83.score: 72.0
    Thought experiments are employed for a number of reasons and in many different disciplines. This paper explores the work of Novalis in relation to the method of thought experiments in theology, with a special focus on the encounter between Christianity and the science of his day. In a first step I revisit the ongoing philosophical discussion on thought experiments in order to highlight the lack of interest in the literary features of thought experiments. Step two is dedicated to a (...)
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  48. Soemini Kasanmoentalib (1996). Science and Values in Risk Assessment: The Case of Deliberate Release of Genetically Engineered Organisms. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 9 (1):42-60.score: 72.0
    To make more responsible decisions regarding risk and to understand disagreements and controversies in risk assessments, it is important to know how and where values are infused into risk assessment and how they are embedded in the conclusions. In this article an attempt is made to disentangle the relationship of science and values in decision-making concerning the deliberate release of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) into the environment. This exercise in applied philosophy of science is based on Helen Longino's (...)
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  49. Karl R. Popper (1994). The Myth of the Framework: In Defence of Science and Rationality. Routledge.score: 72.0
    In a career spanning sixty years, Sir Karl Popper has made some of the most important contributions to the twentieth century discussion of science and rationality. The Myth of the Framework is a new collection of some of Popper's most important material on this subject. Sir Karl discusses such issues as the aims of science, the role that it plays in our civilization, the moral responsibility of the scientist, the structure of history, and the perennial choice between reason (...)
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  50. Matthias Unterhuber, Alexander Gebharter & Gerhard Schurz, How Are You Today? Philosophy of Science in Germany, 1992-2012 – A Survey-Based Overview and a Quantitative Analysis.score: 72.0
    An overview of the German philosophy of science community is given for the years 1992 to 2012, based on a survey, at which 159 philosophers of science in Germany participated. To this end, the institutional back- ground of the German philosophy of science community is examined in terms of journals, centers, and associations. Furthermore, a qualitative de- scription and a quantitative analysis of our survey results are presented. Quantitative estimates are given for: (a) academic positions, (b) research (...)
     
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