Search results for 'Crises' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Explaining Economic Crises & Are There (2010). Paul Thagard. Episteme 7:266-283.score: 30.0
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  2. Nicholas Maxwell (2012). How Universities Can Help Humanity Learn How to Resolve the Crises of Our Times - From Knowledge to Wisdom: The University College London Experience. In G. Heam, T. Katlelle & D. Rooney (eds.), Handbook on the Knowledge Economy, vol. 2. Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd.score: 24.0
    We are in a state of impending crisis. And the fault lies in part with academia. For two centuries or so, academia has been devoted to the pursuit of knowledge and technological know-how. This has enormously increased our power to act which has, in turn, brought us both all the great benefits of the modern world and the crises we now face. Modern science and technology have made possible modern industry and agriculture, the explosive growth of the world’s population, (...)
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  3. Muriel Dal-Pont Legrand & Ludovic Frobert (2010). Le « prophète des crises ». Économie politique et religion chez Clément Juglar. Astérion 7.score: 24.0
    Cet article étudie les évolutions significatives de la théorie des crises économiques « à retour périodique » chez Juglar entre ses premières formulations, peu avant 1860, et les toutes dernières versions quelque quarante ans plus tard. Les progrès analytiques et empiriques sont soulignés et l’article signale la montée en généralité de la vision du cycle chez Juglar qui, à la fin de sa vie, décelait dans ce phénomène régulier la « clé de tout le mouvement social ». Des raisons (...)
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  4. Martin Binder (2009). Humanitarian Crises and the International Politics of Selectivity. Human Rights Review 10 (3):327-348.score: 24.0
    How has the international community responded to humanitarian crises after the end of the Cold War? While optimistic ideational perspectives on global governance stress the importance of humanitarian norms and argue that humanitarian crises have been increasingly addressed, more skeptical realist accounts point to material interests and maintain that these responses have remained highly selective. In empirical terms, however, we know very little about the actual extent of selectivity since, so far, the international community’s reaction to humanitarian (...) has not been systematically examined. This article addresses this gap by empirically examining the extent and the nature of the selectivity of humanitarian crises. To do so, the most severe humanitarian crises in the post-Cold War era are identified and examined for whether and how the international community responded. This study considers different modes of crisis response (ranging from inaction to military intervention) and different actors (including states, international institutions, and nonstate actors), yielding a more precise picture of the alleged “selectivity gap” and a number of theoretical implications for contemporary global security governance. (shrink)
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  5. Daniel Parrochia (2008). La Forme des Crises: Logique Et Épistémologie. Champ Vallon.score: 21.0
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  6. Lauren Langman (2013). Capitalism, Crises, and "Great Refusals". Radical Philosophy Review 16 (1):349-374.score: 18.0
    “Great refusals,” the progressive movements that shattered the status quo, can be best understood through the prism of critical theory that sees these mobilizations as responses to the legitimation crises of advanced capitalism that migrated into the realms of subjectivity, rendering identity a contested terrain while eliciting powerful emotions that impelled social mobilizations. Among these emotions, rooted in the Freudo-Marxist philosophical anthropology that enabled the critique of alienated labor, is the capacity for hope. And central to that notion of (...)
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  7. Giovanni Filoramo (2003). Religious Pluralism and Crises of Identity. Diogenes 50 (3):31-44.score: 18.0
    Processes of globalization have transformed the religious field, raising questions of identity for different religious traditions and their relations with the State, especially in European countries. Religious pluralism remains in most cases the most important characteristic of the current religious situation. This article reviews the origins of the phenomenon and the part it has played in the study of the sociology of religion, and examines the legal and political conditions that form the backdrop to pluralism. The author then considers some (...)
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  8. Claudio Cioffi-Revilla & Raymond Dacey (1988). The Probability of War in Then-Crises Problem: Modeling New Alternatives to Wright's Solution. Synthese 76 (2):285 - 305.score: 18.0
    In hisStudy of War, Q. Wright considered a model for the probability of warP during a period ofn crises, and proposed the equationP=1–(1–p) n , wherep is the probability of war escalating at each individual crisis. This probability measure was formally derived recently by Cioffi-Revilla (1987), using the general theory of political reliability and an interpretation of the n-crises problem as a branching process. Two new, alternate solutions are presented here, one using D. Bernoulli''s St. Petersburg Paradox (...)
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  9. D. A. L. Coldwell, T. Joosub & E. Papageorgiou (2012). Responsible Leadership in Organizational Crises: An Analysis of the Effects of Public Perceptions of Selected SA Business Organizations' Reputations. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 109 (2):133-144.score: 18.0
    ‘The loss of a stable state’ (Schon 1973 ) in organizational transformation can both be regarded as lamentable and inevitable. Transformation causes disruption and invasions of comfort zones to those affected by it, but it is nevertheless inevitable. The article maintains that while the loss of a stable state is inevitable in the stream of change confronting organizations today, points of stability and methods of dealing with instability are attainable through responsible management. The article postulates that steps taken by responsible (...)
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  10. Seyla Benhabib (2014). The New Legitimation Crises of Arab States and Turkey. Philosophy and Social Criticism 40 (4-5):349-358.score: 18.0
    The Arab Spring uprisings that led to the downfall of erstwhile authoritarian regimes in Egypt, Tunisia and Libya heralded the end of a state system introduced into the Middle East and North Africa by imperialist powers after the First World War. Characterized by an authoritarian model of modernization and secularization from above, these regimes are challenged by the rise of political Islam and its ideology of a transnational ‘ummah’. Islamist parties that have come to power in Egypt and Tunisia, however, (...)
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  11. Chieh-Peng Lin, Shwu-Chuan Chen, Chou-Kang Chiu & Wan-Yu Lee (2011). Understanding Purchase Intention During Product-Harm Crises: Moderating Effects of Perceived Corporate Ability and Corporate Social Responsibility. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 102 (3):455-471.score: 18.0
    A company’s product-harm crises often lead to negative publicity which substantially affects purchase intention. This study attempts to examine the purchase intention and its antecedents (e.g., perceived negative publicity) during product-harm crises by simultaneously including perceived corporate ability (CA) and corporate social responsibility (CSR) as moderators. In the study’s proposed model, purchase intention is indirectly affected by perceived CA, negative publicity, and CSR via the mediation of trust and affective identification. At the same time, the influences of perceived (...)
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  12. Daniel Bensaïd (forthcoming). Marx et les crises. Rhuthmos.score: 18.0
    Ce texte constitue la première partie de l'introduction du recueil de textes de K. Marx, Les Crises du capitalisme, Paris, Demopolis, 2009. Daniel Bensaïd y explique la conception marxienne des crises cycliques du capitalisme, tout en abordant au passage celle de la « temporalité propre du capital ». Le tour de force de Marx, contemporain de la première grande expansion bancaire des années victoriennes et du Second empire, c'est d'avoir traversé les apparences, la surface confuse des choses, pour (...)
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  13. Frank Vorhies (1989). Marx on Money and Crises. Critical Review 3 (3-4):531-541.score: 18.0
    MARX'S CRISES THEORY: SCARCITY, LABOR AND FINANCE by Michael Perelman New York: Praeger, 1987. 250 pp., $37.95 Perelman shows that Marx assigns a major role to money in bringing about instability under capitalism. The ideology of cheap credit promotes malinvestment and overproduction, which cause the economic crises that will eventually lead to the revolution that will overthrow capitalism. Yet cheap credit serves the interests of capitalists and the state. After a survey of the nineteenth? and twentieth?century (...)
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  14. George Selgin (1994). Are Banking Crises Free‐Market Phenomena? Critical Review 8 (4):591-608.score: 18.0
    The conventional view of banking crises sees them as an inherent problem of fractional?reserve banking systems. According to this view, government regulation in the form of an alert central bank (acting as a ?lender of last resort"), or deposit insurance, or both is needed to keep isolated bank failures from generating systemwide panic. But this view does not mesh with historical experience, which points to government regulation itself as the most likely cause of banking crises.
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  15. Jonathan Bundy & Michael D. Pfarrer (2012). The Persistence of Defensive Firm Response Strategies to Crises. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 23:215-220.score: 18.0
    This discussion paper explores the explanations and implications of defensive response strategies used to manage organizational crises. Current research is highlighted and future research directions are proposed. Key areas for future research include investigating long-term repercussions of defensive strategies, examining multistakeholder perspectives, and exploring ethical questions related to being defensive.
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  16. Dragan Milovanovic (2001). Postmodernism Meets the Balkan Crises: Affirming, Celebrating, and Prioritizing Difference and Sameness In Mediation Efforts. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 14 (4):409-428.score: 18.0
    This paper will focus on apostmodern perspective on mediation in theBalkan crises. It will take three perspectivesfrom postmodern analysis – semiotics, chaosand catastrophe theory – and indicate how theycan contribute to peacemaking initiatives.Topology theory will orient and integrate thethree threads. Little in mediation literaturehas offered any theoretical analysis of thedynamics involved. More often it is of adescriptive nature. We will focus onconstructing better institutions for conflictresolution and for alternative semioticproduction. This article is a more theoreticalexamination on how differences and (...)
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  17. Mollie Painter-Morland (2013). The Relationship Between Identity Crises and Crises of Control. Journal of Business Ethics 114 (1):1-14.score: 18.0
    Corporate governance is a theme that is important to Business Ethicists for various reasons. It relates to how and for whose benefit corporations are governed, to how important corporate decisions are taken, and to how organizational cultures are “managed.” In this article, it will be argued that in each of these respects, corporate governance relies on particular identity constructs that need to be questioned. In fact, it will be argued that the way in which corporate governance initiatives address the various (...)
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  18. Walden Bello (unknown). The Capitalist Conjuncture: Overaccumulation, Financial Crises, and the Retreat From Globalization. :1-24.score: 18.0
    This article argues that the key crisis that has overtaken today’s global economy is the classical capitalist crisis of over-accumulation. Reaganism and structural adjustment were efforts to overcome this crisis in the 1980s, with little success, followed by globalization in the 1990s. The Clinton administration embraced globalization as the “Grand Strategy” of the United States, its two key prongs being the accelerated integration of markets and production by transnational corporations and the creation of a multilateral system of global governance, the (...)
     
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  19. Megan Carney (2012). Compounding Crises of Economic Recession and Food Insecurity: A Comparative Study of Three Low-Income Communities in Santa Barbara County. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 29 (2):185-201.score: 18.0
    Santa Barbara County exhibits some of the highest rates of food insecurity in California, as well as in the United States. Through ethnographic research of three low-income, predominantly Latino communities in Santa Barbara County, this study examined the degree to which households had been experiencing heightened levels of food insecurity since the economic recession and ensuing coping strategies, including gender-specific repercussions and coping strategies. Methods included administering a survey with 150 households and conducting observation and unstructured interviews at various local (...)
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  20. Greg Moses & Gail Presbey (eds.) (2014). Peace Philosophy and Public Life: Commitments, Crises, and Concepts for Engaged Thinking. Editions Rodopi.score: 18.0
    To a world assaulted by private interests, this book argues that peace must be a public thing. Distinguished philosophers of peace have always worked publicly for public results. Opposing nuclear proliferation, organizing communities of the disinherited, challenging violence within status quo establishments, such are the legacies of truly engaged philosophers of peace. This volume remembers those legacies, reviews the promise of critical thinking for crises today, and expands the free range of thinking needed to create more mindful and peaceful (...)
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  21. Caroline Pearce (2010). The Crises and Freedoms of Researching Your Own Life. Journal of Research Practice 6 (1):Article M2.score: 18.0
    There has been much work highlighting the benefits of autoethnographic research yet little acknowledgement of the demands researching your own life makes on the emotional and mental wellbeing of the researcher. This paper explores the consequences that can arise as a result of autoethnographic research by detailing the crises involved in researching a topic that the researcher has experienced herself. This paper discusses the re-emergence of my grief over the death of my mother as I researched into the experience (...)
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  22. Jean-Charles Rochet (2008). Why Are There so Many Banking Crises?: The Politics and Policy of Bank Regulation. Princeton University Press.score: 18.0
    In this important collection of essays, Rochet examines the causes of banking crises around the world in recent decades, focusing on the lender of last resort; prudential regulation and the management of risk; and solvency regulations.
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  23. Michelle Bastian (2012). Fatally Confused: Telling the Time in the Midst of Ecological Crises. Journal of Environmental Philosophy 9 (1):23-48.score: 15.0
    Focusing particularly on the role of the clock in social life, this article explores the conventions we use to “tell the time.” I argue that although clock time generally appears to be an all-encompassing tool for social coordination, it is actually failing to coordinate us with some of the most pressing ecological changes currently taking place. Utilizing philosophical approaches to performativity to explore what might be going wrong, I then draw on Derrida’s and Haraway’s understandings of social change in order (...)
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  24. Alisdair MacIntyre (1977). Epistemological Crises, Dramatic Narrative and the Philosophy of Science. The Monist 60 (4):453-472.score: 15.0
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  25. Paul Thagard (2010). Explaining Economic Crises: Are There Collective Representations? Episteme 7 (3):266-283.score: 15.0
    This paper uses the economic crisis of 2008 as a case study to examine the explanatory validity of collective mental representations. Distinguished economists such as Paul Krugman and Joseph Stiglitz attribute collective beliefs, desires, intentions, and emotions to organizations such as banks and governments. I argue that the most plausible interpretation of these attributions is that they are metaphorical pointers to a complex of multilevel social, psychological, and neural mechanisms. This interpretation also applies to collective knowledge in science: scientific communities (...)
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  26. Larry Laudan (2001). Epistemic Crises and Justification Rules. Philosophical Topics 29 (1/2):271-317.score: 15.0
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  27. Guglielmo Carchedi (1999). A Missed Opportunity: Orthodox Versus Marxist Crises Theories. Historical Materialism 4 (1):33-56.score: 15.0
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  28. Pamela S. Gossin (1998). Robert Markley, Fallen Languages: Crises of Representation in Newtonian England, 1660-1740. (Ithaca, Cornell University Press, 1993), X + 268 Pp., $ 39.95 (Hardcover) ISBN 0 8014 2588 3. [REVIEW] Early Science and Medicine 3 (3):265-267.score: 15.0
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  29. George Mandler (2011). Crises and Problems Seen From Experimental Psychology. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 31 (4):240-246.score: 15.0
    Experimental psychology in the early 20th century was targeted by several authors who described a crisis— often expressed as a lack of theoretical and experimental progress. In the 21st century, the crisis of competing theories has been largely overcome but several current emphases hinder the development of a mature experimental science. Central among these are an ethnocentrism that focuses on Western standards and populations, neuroscientism which often treats neurological evidence independently of mental and behavioral events, and the tendency for demonstration (...)
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  30. Werner Bonefeld (1999). Notes on Competition, Capitalist Crises, and Class. Historical Materialism 5 (1):5-28.score: 15.0
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  31. David Harvey (2010). The Enigma of Capital: And the Crises of Capitalism. Oxford University Press.score: 15.0
    The disruption -- Capital assembled -- Capital goes to work -- Capital goes to market -- Capital evolves -- The geography of it all -- Creative destruction on the land -- What is to be done? And who is going to do it?
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  32. Søren Holm (2009). Should Persons Detained During Public Health Crises Receive Compensation? Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (2):197-205.score: 15.0
    One of the ways in which public health officials control outbreaks of epidemic disease is by attempting to control the situations in which the infectious agent can spread. This may include isolation of infected persons, quarantine of persons who may be infected and detention of persons who are present in or have entered premises where infected persons are being treated. Most who have analysed such measures think that the restrictions in liberty they entail and the detriments in welfare they impose (...)
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  33. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2011). Logic and the Self: After Certain Crises in Western Thought. Diogenes 58 (4):21-29.score: 15.0
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  34. Susan Hekman (1999). Identity Crises: Identity, Identity Politics, and Beyond. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 2 (1):3-26.score: 15.0
  35. Meaghan McEvoy (2009). The Empire in Crisis (O.) Hekster, (G.) De Kleijn, (D.) Slootjes (Edd.) Crises and the Roman Empire. Proceedings of the Seventh Workshop of the International Network Impact of Empire (Nijmegen, June 20–24, 2006). (Impact of Empire 7.) Pp. Xiv + 448, Figs, Maps, Pl. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2007. Cased, €129, US$179. ISBN: 978-90-04-16050-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 59 (01):222-.score: 15.0
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  36. Richard J. Alapack (1986). The Outlaw Relationship as an Intertwining of Two Identity Crises: A Phenomenological/Psychotherapeutic Reflection Upon Female Awakening At Late Adolescence and Male Rejuvenation At Mid-Life. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 17 (1):43-63.score: 15.0
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  37. Jim Kincaid (2001). Marxist Political Economy and the Crises in Japan and East Asia. Historical Materialism 8 (1):89-118.score: 15.0
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  38. Ann Pettifor (2003). Resolving International Debt Crises Fairly. Ethics and International Affairs 17 (2):2–9.score: 15.0
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  39. Vincent Descombes (1979). A propos Des crises cérébrales d'auguste comte. Revue Philosophique de la France Et de L'Étranger 169 (1):67 - 81.score: 15.0
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  40. Patrick Henry (2007). Crises of Memory and the Second World War. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Literature 31 (1):204-209.score: 15.0
  41. Alan Malachowski (2003). Corporate Crises Revisited. Philosophy Now 41:46-47.score: 15.0
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  42. Simone Goyard-Fabre (1987). Droits. Revue française de théorie juridique, no 3: La coutume; no 4: Crises dans le droit; no 5: Fin de la faute? Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1986, 1987. Chaque no 192 p. 105 FF. [REVIEW] Dialogue 26 (04):745-.score: 15.0
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  43. Guglielmo Carchedi Name (1999). A Missed Opportunity: Orthodox Versus Marxist Crises Theories. Historical Materialism 4 (1):33-55.score: 15.0
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  44. Henry Alonzo Myers (1938). Progress and Justice: Four Crises in the History of Values. International Journal of Ethics 48 (2):192-213.score: 15.0
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  45. Caleb O. Oladipo (2005). An Epistemological Defense of Religious Tolerance: Faith, Citizenship, and Crises of Religious and Cultural Identities in Post -Western Missionary Africa. Philosophia Africana 8 (1):21-35.score: 15.0
  46. Dan Bousfield (2001). Developmentg Crises and Class Struggle: Learning From Japan and East Asia. Historical Materialism 8 (1):433-441.score: 15.0
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  47. Manfred Spieker (1986). Crises in Eastern Europe Since 1956. Studies in East European Thought 32 (3):195-205.score: 15.0
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  48. Tony Smith (2005). Phases of Capitalist Development: Booms, Crises and Globalizations, Edited by Robert Albritton, Makoto Itoh, Richard Westra and Alan Zuege. Historical Materialism 13 (4):363-372.score: 15.0
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  49. Academician I. A. Traehtenberg (1946). I. Soviet Economists on the Problem of Cycles and Crises. Synthese 5 (3-4):167 - 169.score: 15.0
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  50. Timothy W. Luke (2005). From Pedagogy to Performativity: The Crises of Research Universities, Intellectuals, and Scholarly Communication. Telos 2005 (131):13-32.score: 15.0
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