Search results for 'Critical realism' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Margaret Scotford Archer (ed.) (1998). Critical Realism: Essential Readings. Routledge.score: 270.0
    Since the publication of Roy Bhaskar's A Realist Theory of Science in 1975, critical realism has emerged as one of the most powerful new directions in the philosophy of science and social science, offering a real alternative to both positivism and postmodernism. This reader makes accessible in one volume key readings to stimulate debate about and within critical realism, including: the transcendental realist philosophy of science elaborated in A Realist Theory of Science ; Bhaskar's critical (...)
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  2. Gary Hatfield (2010). Mandelbaum's Critical Realism. In Ian Verstegen (ed.), Maurice Mandelbaum and American Critical Realism. Routledge.score: 258.0
    Mandelbaum adopted a middle course between physicalistic scientific realism and phenomenalistic "ordinary language" direct realism. He affirmed the relevance of scientific knowledge for epistemology, but did not attempt to reduce the content of perception to physical properties. Rather, he developed a critical direct realism, according to which we see bodies by means of having phenomenal experience. This phenomenal experience was not, however, to be equated with the sense-data of the usual representative realism. Rather, it was (...)
     
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  3. Ian F. Verstegen (2006). A Critical Realist Perspective on Aesthetic Value. Journal of Critical Realism 5 (2):323-343.score: 240.0
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  4. Justin Cruickshank (ed.) (2003). Critical Realism: The Difference in Makes. Routledge.score: 240.0
    This book introduces social scientists to the difference that critical realism can make to theorizing and methodological problems within the contemporary social sciences. The chapters, which cover such topics as cultural studies, feminism, globalization, heterodox economics, education policy, the self, and the "underclass" debate, are arranged in four sections dealing with some of the major topics in contemporary social science: ethics, the consequences of the "linguistic turn", methodology and globalization.
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  5. Ruth Groff (2004). Critical Realism, Post-Positivism, and the Possibility of Knowledge. Routledge.score: 240.0
    At the heart of contemporary relativism, is the idea that the world has no mind-independent characteristics. As there is no way that the world is on its own, any opinions held may be regarded as valid. Critical realism is a promising alternative to such a position. Critical realism allows for the conclusion that certain processes lead to specific outcomes regardless of how we think about them, which in turn places a limited but crucial check on relativism. (...)
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  6. Andrew Collier (1994). Critical Realism: An Introduction to Roy Bhaskar's Philosophy. Verso.score: 240.0
    This book expounds the transcendental realist theory of science and critical naturalist social philosophy that have been developed by Bhaskar and are used by many contemporary social scientists. It defends Bhaskar's view that the possibility and necessity of experiment show that reality is structured and stratified, his use of this idea to develop a non-reductive explanatory account of human sciences, and his notion that to explain social structures can sometimes be to criticize them. After a discussion of the uses (...)
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  7. Michael Bergin, John S. G. Wells & Sara Owen (2008). Critical Realism: A Philosophical Framework for the Study of Gender and Mental Health. Nursing Philosophy 9 (3):169-179.score: 240.0
    Abstract This paper explores gender and mental health with particular reference to the emerging philosophical field of critical realism. This philosophy suggests a shared ontology and epistemology for the natural and social sciences. Until recently, most of the debate surrounding gender and mental health has been guided either implicitly or explicitly within a positivist or constructivist philosophy. With this in mind, key areas of critical realism are explored in relation to gender and mental health, and contrasted (...)
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  8. Jan J. J. M. Wuisman (2005). The Logic of Scientific Discovery in Critical Realist Social Scientific Research. Journal of Critical Realism 4 (2):366-394.score: 240.0
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  9. Steve Fleetwood (ed.) (1999). Critical Realism in Economics: Development and Debate. Routledge.score: 240.0
    There is a growing perception among economists that their field is becoming increasingly irrelevant due to its disregard for reality. Critical realism addresses the failure of mainstream economics to explain economic reality and proposes an alternative approach. This book debates the relative strengths and weaknesses of critical realism, in the hopes of developing a more fruitful and relevant socio-economic ontology and methodology. With contributions from some of the leading authorities in economic philosophy, it includes the work (...)
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  10. Paul Downward (ed.) (2003). Applied Economics and the Critical Realist Critique. Routledge.score: 240.0
    This intriguing new book examines and analyses the role of critical realism in economics and specifically how this line of thought can be applied to the real world. With contributions from such varying commentators as Sheila Dow, Wendy Olsen and Fred Lee, this new book is unique in its approach and will be of great interest to both economic methodologists and those involved in applied economic studies.
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  11. Brad Shipway (2010). A Critical Realist Perspective of Education. Routledge.score: 240.0
    This book clearly and comprehensively explores the capability of critical realism to throw new light on educational theory.
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  12. Derek P. Brereton (2010). Preface for a Critical Realist Ethnology, Part I: The Schism and a Realist Restorative. Journal of Critical Realism 3 (1):77-102.score: 240.0
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  13. Petter Næss (2010). Prediction, Regressions and Critical Realism. Journal of Critical Realism 3 (1):133-164.score: 240.0
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  14. Mário Duayer & João Leonardo Medeiros (2005). Lukács; Critical Ontology and Critical Realism. Journal of Critical Realism 4 (2):395-425.score: 240.0
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  15. Stephen Pratten (2013). Critical Realism and the Process Account of Emergence. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 43 (3):251-279.score: 240.0
    For advocates of critical realism emergence is a central theme. Critical realists typically ground their defence of the relative disciplinary autonomy of various sciences by arguing that emergent phenomena exist in a robust non-ontologically, non-causally reductionist sense. Despite the importance they attach to it critical realists have only recently begun to elaborate on emergence at length and systematically compare their own account with those developed by others. This paper clarifies what is distinctive about the critical (...)
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  16. Tyler Earle Wry (2009). Does Business and Society Scholarship Matter to Society? Pursuing a Normative Agenda with Critical Realism and Neoinstitutional Theory. Journal of Business Ethics 89 (2):151 - 171.score: 240.0
    To date, B&S researchers have pursued their normative aims through strategic and moral arguments that are limited because they adopt a rational actor behavioral model and firm-level focus. I argue that it would be beneficial for B&S scholars to pursue alternate approaches based on critical realism (CR) and neoinstitutional theory (IT). Such a shift would have a number of benefits. For one, CR and IT recognize the complex roots of firm behavior and provide tools for its investigation. Both (...)
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  17. Hubert Buch‐Hansen (2014). Social Network Analysis and Critical Realism. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 44 (3):306-325.score: 240.0
    Social network analysis (SNA) is an increasingly popular approach that provides researchers with highly developed tools to map and analyze complexes of social relations. Although a number of network scholars have explicated the assumptions that underpin SNA, the approach has yet to be discussed in relation to established philosophies of science. This article argues that there is a tension between applied and methods-oriented SNA studies, on the one hand, and those addressing the social-theoretical nature and implications of networks, on the (...)
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  18. Lynn Savery (2005). Women's Human Rights and Changing State Practices: A Critical Realist Approach. Journal of Critical Realism 4 (1):89-111.score: 240.0
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  19. Kevin Schilbrack (2014). Embodied Critical Realism. Journal of Religious Ethics 42 (1):167-179.score: 240.0
    Christian Smith's What Is a Person? provides an account of the person from the perceptive of critical realism. As a fellow critical realist, I support that philosophical position and in this response I seek to support it by connecting it to the embodied realism developed by George Lakoff and Mark Johnson. In order to bring the two forms of realism together, I critique both the relativism of embodied realism and the idea, found in Smith, (...)
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  20. Mário Duayer & João Leonardo Medeiros (2005). Lukács' Critical Ontology and Critical Realism. Journal of Critical Realism 4 (2):395-425.score: 240.0
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  21. John Michael Roberts (2014). Critical Realism, Dialectics, and Qualitative Research Methods. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 44 (1):1-23.score: 240.0
    Critical realism has been an important advance in social science methodology because it develops a qualitative theory of causality which avoids some of the pitfalls of empiricist theories of causality. But while there has been ample work exploring the relationship between critical realism and qualitative research methods there has been noticeably less work exploring the relationship between dialectical critical realism and qualitative research methods. This seems strange especially since the founder of the philosophy of (...)
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  22. Mervyn Hartwig & Jamie Morgan (eds.) (2012). Critical Realism and Spirituality: Theism, Atheism, and Meta-Reality / Edited by Mervyn Hartwig and Jamie Morgan. Routledge.score: 240.0
    The rise of neo-integrative worldviews : towards a rational spirituality for the coming planetary civilization -- Beyond fundamentalism : spiritual realism, spiritual literacy and education -- Realism, literature and spirituality -- Judgemental rationality and the equivalence of argument : realism about God, response to Morgan's critique -- Transcendence and God : reflections on critical realism, the "new atheism", and Christian theology -- Human sciences at the edge of panentheism : God and the limits of ontological (...)
     
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  23. Darcy Luke & Stephen Bates (2014). Using Critical Realism to Explain Indeterminacy in Role Behaviour Systematically. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 44 (3).score: 240.0
    We demonstrate in this article how critical realism can be used to explain indeterminacy in role behaviour systematically. In so doing, we both rebut various criticisms of critical realism made recently by Kemp and Holmwood and attempt to illustrate the weaknesses and absences of approaches that concentrate unduly on the collection of expectations of (different groups of) actors concerning roles and the behaviour of incumbents. Within a framework that recognises that structure and agency are ontologically distinct (...)
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  24. David Scott (2010). Education, Epistemology and Critical Realism. Routledge.score: 240.0
    Introduction and initial thoughts -- Critical realism and empirical research methods in education -- Resolving the quantitative-qualitative divide -- Epistemic relativism, ontological realism, and the possibility of judgemental rationality -- Educational judgements : epistemic, parasitic and external criteria -- Judgemental rationality -- Empirical indicators and causal narratives -- Structure and agency : key ontological concepts -- Educational critique -- Arbitrary and non-arbitrary knowledge.
     
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  25. Jeroen Van Bouwel (2005). The Division of Labour in the Social Sciences Versus the Politics of Metaphysics. Questioning Critical Realism's Interdisciplinarity. Graduate Journal of Social Science 2 (2):32-39.score: 240.0
    Some scholars claim that Critical Realism promises well for the unification of the social sciences, e.g., "Unifying social science: A critical realist approach" in this volume. I will first show briefly how Critical Realism might unify social science. Secondly, I focus on the relation between the ontology and methodology of Critical Realism, and unveil the politics of metaphysics. Subsequently, it is argued that the division of labour between social scientific disciplines should not be (...)
     
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  26. Sandra Wallace (ed.) (2011). Contradictions of Archaeological Theory: Engaging Critical Realism and Archaeological Theory. Routledge.score: 240.0
    Archaeological theory -- Philosophy and archaeology -- Critical realism as critique of Western philosophy -- Critical realism as philosophical underlabourer -- Diversity and impasse in current archaeological theorising -- The contradictions of archaeological theory -- The material in archaeological theory -- Critical realism, the material, and absence -- Time, scale, and the ontology of the material -- Conclusions, implications, and further research.
     
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  27. Margaret S. Archer (2010). Critical Realism and Relational Sociology: Complementarity and Synergy. Journal of Critical Realism 9 (2):199-207.score: 210.0
    This article examines the convergence between Italian relational sociology, developed by Pierpaolo Donati and introduced here by Emmanuele Morandi, and critical realism. Whilst the latter is preoccupied with relations between people and structures, Donati sees the whole social order as a relational entity sui generis. Consequently, relational sociology can provide a fuller account of ‘social integration’ than critical realism, which concentrates upon ‘malintegration’ because of its transformative potential. This difference is viewed as a potential source of (...)
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  28. Paul Coates (2007). Experience, Action and Representations: Critical Realism and the Enactive Theory of Vision. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 6 (4):445-462.score: 210.0
    This paper defends a dynamic model of the way in which perception is integrated with action, a model I refer to as ‘the navigational account’. According to this account, employing vision and other forms of distance perception, a creature acquires information about its surroundings via the senses, information that enables it to select and navigate routes through its environment, so as to attain objects that satisfy its needs. This form of perceptually guided activity should be distinguished from other kinds of (...)
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  29. Fabio Gironi (2012). The Theological Hijacking of Realism: Critical Realism in 'Science and Religion'. Journal of Critical Realism 11 (1):40-75.score: 210.0
    This paper questions and criticizes the employment of critical realism in the field of ‘science and religion’. Referring to the texts of four main actors in this field, I demonstrate how the choice of critical realism is justified by a (disguised) apologetic interest in defending the epistemic privilege of the theological enterprise against that of the natural sciences. I argue that this is possible thanks to the reactivation of ‘theological potential’ latent in some under-examined assumptions and (...)
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  30. Martin James Evenden (2012). Critical Realism in the Personal Domain: Spinoza and Explanatory Critique of the Emotions. Journal of Critical Realism 11 (2):163-187.score: 210.0
    Within critical realist circles, the development of knowledge in the natural and social domains has thus far been much stronger by comparison with its respective development within the personal domain. What I want to explore here is how knowledge can be positively used to have emancipatory effects at the level of the individual. The way in which we are able to achieve this is by coming to have what Spinoza calls more adequate ideas of ourselves, other beings, and our (...)
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  31. Joe O'Mahoney (2010). Critical Realism and the Self. Journal of Critical Realism 10 (1):122-129.score: 210.0
    This piece outlines the opportunities and obstacles to the appli- cation of critical realism to the study of the self. Based on a recent seminar on the subject, the paper discusses a number of diverse approaches to the application of critical realism to selfhood, identity and psychology. It is argued that for the social sciences, the political dangers of essentialism in studying the self require clear explication of how critical realist approaches do not necessarily lead (...)
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  32. John Mingers (2011). The Contribution of Systemic Thought to Critical Realism. Journal of Critical Realism 10 (3):303-330.score: 210.0
    Critical realism, especially as developed by Roy Bhaskar, embodies at its heart systemic and holistic concepts such as totality, emergence, open systems, stratification, autopoiesis and holistic causality. These concepts have their own long history of development in disciplines such as systems thinking and cybernetics, but there is an absence in Bhaskar’s writings, and that absence is a lack of any reference to the corresponding systems literature. The purpose of this paper is threefold: (i) to demonstrate the extent of (...)
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  33. Hans G. Despain (2011). Karl Polanyi's Metacritique of the Liberal Creed: Reading Polanyi's Social Theory in Terms of Dialectical Critical Realism. Journal of Critical Realism 10 (3):277-302.score: 210.0
    This paper interprets Karl Polanyi through dialectical critical realism. The paper maintains that this interpretation offers Polanyi methodological coherence and philosophical support. It further provides dialectical critical realism with an exemplar of explanatory critique. It is argued that the social theory of Polanyi aims at the demystification of market-systems as they are theoretically constructed by both orthodox and heterodox accounts of capitalism. Dialectical critical realism is best capable of situating the theoretical accomplishment of Polanyi’s (...)
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  34. Nissim Mannathukkaren (2010). Postcolonialism and Modernity: A Critical Realist Critique. Journal of Critical Realism 9 (3):299-327.score: 210.0
    This paper focuses on postcolonial theory’s engagement with modernity. It argues that postcolonialism’s problematization of modernity is significant and has to be contended with seriously. In seeking to question the predatory universalism of western modernity, postcolonial theory aspires to open up paths for different modernities that have the promise of emancipation and liberation for all cultures and societies. But the crux of this paper is that this promise is hardly fulfilled. Using critical realism, it interrogates postcolonialism’s understanding of (...)
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  35. José López & Garry Potter (eds.) (2005). After Postmodernism: An Introduction to Critical Realism. Continuum.score: 210.0
    What comes after "postmodernism"?
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  36. Tobin Nellhaus (2004). From Embodiment to Agency: Cognitive Science, Critical Realism and Communication Frameworks. Journal of Critical Realism 3 (1):103-132.score: 210.0
    The primacy of practice in the development of knowledge is one of materialism’s fundamental tenets. Most arguments supporting it have been strictly philosophical. However, over the past thirty years cognitive science has provided mounting evidence supporting the primacy of practice. Particularly striking is its finding that thought is fundamentally metaphoric—that images emerging from everyday embodied activities not only make ordinary experiences intelligible, but also underpin our more abstract engagements with the world, elaborated in disciplines such as ethics and science. Cognitive (...)
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  37. Kieran Cashell (2009). Reality, Representation and the Aesthetic Fallacy: Critical Realism and the Philosophy of C. S. Peirce. Journal of Critical Realism 8 (2):135-171.score: 210.0
    This essay develops a theory of representation that confirms realism – an objective dependent on establishing that reality is autonomous of representation. I argue that the autonomy of reality is not incompatible with epistemic access and that an adequate account of representation is capable of satisfying both criteria. Pursuit of this argument brings the work of C. S. Peirce and Roy Bhaskar together. Peirce’s doctrine of semiotics is essentially a realist theory of representation and is thus relevant to the (...)
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  38. Solomon Yirenkyi-Boateng (2010). Development Plans and the Sustainable Development Agenda in Africa: How Critical Realist Conceptualization Can Help. Journal of Critical Realism 9 (3):328-352.score: 210.0
    After decades of postcolonial development planning in the former colonies of Africa, one question that has been asked over and over again concerns how much has changed in Africa since the launch of what used to be called the first, second, third and other development decades. There is no doubt that national development policies and plans have played significant roles in influencing the direction of the post-political-independence development processes in Africa. This paper argues, however, that far more serious attention needs (...)
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  39. Neil Hockey (2010). Engaging Postcolonialism: Towards a Critical Realist Indigenist Critique of an Approach by Denzin and Lincoln. Journal of Critical Realism 9 (3):353-383.score: 210.0
    Indigenous critiques of postcolonialism are as diverse as First Nations or Original Peoples communities themselves. Yet, within that diversity, there is often claimed to be a set of core universal teachings. My article engages this field in a three-step process that begins with examining the incorporation of two Indigenous critiques into a Handbook of Qualitative Research edited by Norman Denzin and Yvonna Lincoln. Focusing on justice through their lens of an ethics and politics of interpretation, Denzin and Lincoln simultaneously reject (...)
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  40. John D. Wild (1953). An Examination of Critical Realism with Special Reference to Mr C.D. Broad's Theory of Sensa. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 14 (December):143-162.score: 210.0
  41. Martin Lipscomb (2008). Mixed Method Nursing Studies: A Critical Realist Critique. Nursing Philosophy 9 (1):32-45.score: 210.0
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  42. Joseph Poulshock (2011). Practical Critical Realism for Liberal Arts in Language Education. Journal of Critical Realism 10 (4):465-484.score: 210.0
    Critical realism is the middle road between the extreme versions of constructivism and objectivism. It is applied here to liberal arts education in general, and specifically to liberal arts education for learners of English. Critical realism can help promote greater coherence in liberal education, and educators can apply critical realism as they develop a unified and purposeful curriculum of liberal arts content for learners of English. Critical realism also influences how teachers perceive (...)
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  43. Jennifer Wright (2011). Causal Mechanisms Generating Writing Competency Discourses in a Radiography Curriculum in Higher Education: A Critical Realist Perspective. Journal of Critical Realism 10 (2):163-191.score: 210.0
    When education is jointly managed by a workplace and academia, causal mechanisms in the culture, structure and agency of these two contexts may unintentionally generate discourse that conveys conflicting messages for learners regarding some of the priorities of the profession. Using the concepts of culture, structure and agency as they are used in critical realism to analyse the discourse generated in two teaching and learning contexts (a radiography division in a university and a radiography workplace in a large (...)
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  44. Valerie Wilson & Brendan McCormack (2006). Critical Realism as Emancipatory Action: The Case for Realistic Evaluation in Practice Development. Nursing Philosophy 7 (1):45-57.score: 210.0
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  45. Jin Xue (2013). A Critical Realist Perspective on Decoupling Negative Environmental Impacts From Housing Sector Growth and Economic Growth. Journal of Critical Realism 11 (4):438 - 461.score: 210.0
    The question that motivates this article has been a matter of dispute: Is it possible to combine perpetual economic growth and longterm environmental sustainability based on the premise that economic growth can be fully decoupled from negative environmental impacts? The article addresses this question from the position of critical realism. An empirical study focusing on the housing sector is conducted, indicating that housing stock growth and economic growth have been, at best, weakly decoupled from environmental impacts. In the (...)
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  46. Stephen Pratten (2009). Critical Realism and Causality: Tracing the Aristotelian Legacy. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 39 (2):189-218.score: 210.0
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  47. Roy Bhaskar (2011). Ecophilosophy in a World of Crisis: Critical Realism and the Nordic Contributions. Routledge.score: 210.0
  48. Roy Bhaskar (2010). The Formation of Critical Realism: A Personal Perspective. Routledge.score: 210.0
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  49. Paul Coates (2007). The Metaphysics of Perception: Wilfrid Sellars, Critical Realism, and the Nature of Experience. Routledge.score: 210.0
  50. Sean Creaven (2010). Against the Spiritual Turn: Marxism, Realism and Critical Theory. Routledge.score: 210.0
    Bhaskar's "Spiritual turn" : logical and conceptual problems -- Meta-reality, critical realism, and Marxism -- Secularism, agnosticism, and theism -- Critical realism, transcendence, and God -- Humanism, spiritualism, and critical theory.
     
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